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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#1
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920067/a-history-of-dystonia-ancient-to-modern
#2
REVIEW
Rachel E Newby, Deborah E Thorpe, Peter A Kempster, Jane E Alty
Before 1911, when Hermann Oppenheim introduced the term dystonia, this movement disorder lacked a unifying descriptor. While words like epilepsy, apoplexy, and palsy have had their meanings since antiquity, references to dystonia are much harder to identify in historical documents. Torticollis is an exception, although there is difficulty distinguishing dystonic torticollis from congenital muscular torticollis. There are, nevertheless, possible representations of dystonia in literature and visual art from the pre-modern world...
July 2017: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870817/-prrt2-mutation-and-infantile-convulsions
#3
M Mathot, D Lederer, S Gerard, E Gueulette, M Deprez
New genetic techniques have made it possible to better understand the implications of the PRRT2 gene (proline rich transmembrane protein 2) in various neurological disorders. Mutations within this gene are responsible for kinesigenic paroxysmal dyskinesias (PKD) as well as for benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE), a disease associating infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis (ICCA), a form of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM type 4), paroxysmal benign torticollis of childhood, and episodic ataxia. We describe the case of an infant, carrying a mutation of the PRRT2 gene, with a classical presentation...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868307/atlanto-axial-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-in-a-child-presented-as-torticollis
#4
Miniar Tfifha, Mehdi Gaha, Nadia Mama, Mohamed Taher Yacoubi, Saoussen Abroug, Hela Jemni
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare condition mostly seen in children and adolescents. Eosinophilic granuloma (EG) is one of its three clinical entities and is considered as a benign osteolytic lesion. Many reports of patients with spine histiocytosis are well documented in the literature but it is not the case of atlantoaxial localization. We report here a new observation of atlantoaxial LCH in a 4-year-old boy revealed by persistent torticollis. He was successfully treated with systemic chemotherapy and surgery...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838773/spasmodic-torticollis-after-orthognathic-surgery
#5
R Nicot, M Schlund, S Konopnicki, J Ferri
The treatment of malocclusions can involve orthognathic surgery. Although orthognathic surgery is a safe surgical procedure, low incidences of many complications have been reported such as infections, hemorrhage, nerve injuries, temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), and psychological problems. There are no reports in the literature of orthognathic surgery being associated with postural disorders although the link between dental occlusion and postural disorders is highlighted in numerous recent publications. This report describes the case of a young, healthy patient who presented with sustained spasmodic torticollis following orthognathic surgery...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830430/tick-borne-encephalitis-in-a-naturally-infected-sheep
#6
Brigitte Böhm, Benjamin Schade, Benjamin Bauer, Bernd Hoffmann, Donata Hoffmann, Ute Ziegler, Martin Beer, Christine Klaus, Herbert Weissenböck, Jens Böttcher
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most important viral tick borne zoonosis in Europe. In Germany, about 250 human cases are registered annually, with the highest incidence reported in the last years coming from the federal states Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg. In veterinary medicine, only sporadic cases in wild and domestic animals have been reported; however, a high number of wild and domestic animals have tested positive for the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) antibody...
August 22, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820159/surgical-treatment-of-superior-oblique-palsy-predictors-of-outcome
#7
Pilar Merino Sanz, José Escribano, Pilar Gómez de Liaño, Rubén Yela
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcome of surgically treated superior oblique palsy (SOP) and the factors involved in its resolution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 76 patients who underwent surgery for SOP. We recorded data from the physical examination and the number and type of procedures performed. Favorable outcome was defined as resolution of or improvement in torticollis (≤5°) and diplopia in primary position (PP) and downgaze or as vertical deviation (VD) <5 prism diopters (pd) in PP and 10 pd in the oblique diagnostic position...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791940/biased-visuospatial-attention-in-cervical-dystonia
#8
Gaetana Chillemi, Caterina Formica, Adriana Salatino, Alessandro Calamuneri, Paolo Girlanda, Francesca Morgante, Demetrio Milardi, Carmen Terranova, Alberto Cacciola, Angelo Quartarone, Raffaella Ricci
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence of non-motor, sensory symptoms, mainly involving the spatial domain, in cervical dystonia (CD). These manifestations are likely driven by dysfunctional overactivity of the parietal cortex during the execution of a sensory task. Few studies also suggest the possibility that visuospatial attention might be specifically affected in patients with CD. Therefore, we asked whether non-motor manifestations in CD might also comprise impairment of higher level visuospatial processing...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777287/comparison-of-clinical-findings-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis-between-patients-with-and-without-sternocleidomastoid-lesions-as-determined-by-ultrasonography
#9
Mi-Hyang Han, Jin Young Kang, Hyun Jung Do, Hyun Suk Park, Hyun Jin Noh, Yun-Hwa Cho, Dae-Hyun Jang
AIM: To compare clinical findings for patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) between those with and without a sternocleidomastoid (SCM) lesion. METHODS: Medical records of 182 patients with CMT were retrospectively reviewed and the patients were divided into SCM lesion and nonlesion groups by ultrasonographic results. Intrauterine position, age, duration of therapy, rotation/tilting side, and the passive range of motion and angle of the neck were compared...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775108/opaque-intraocular-lens-for-correction-of-intractable-diplopia-and-torticollis
#10
Valentin Huerva, Cristina Pont, Diego Castanera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757191/-acute-torticollis-on-awakening-in-an-infant
#11
María Soriano-Ramos, Noemí Núñez Enamorado, Virginia Navarro-Abia, Rogelio Simón de Las Heras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744689/pediatric-cerebellar-giant-cavernous-malformation-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Javier Villaseñor-Ledezma, Marcelo Budke, Juan-Antonio Alvarez-Salgado, María-Angeles Cañizares, Luis Moreno, Francisco Villarejo
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Giant cavernous malformations (GCM) are low flow, angiographically occult vascular lesions, with a diameter >4 cm. Cerebellar GCMs are extremely rare, with only seven cases reported based on English literature. These lesions are most commonly seen in the pediatric age group, which is known to have an increased risk of hemorrhage, being surgery clearly recommended. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An 18-month-old girl presented with a 6-month history of cervical torticollis and upper extremities clumsiness...
July 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736369/-an-ultrasonographic-study-of-the-correlation-between-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-congenital-muscular-torticollis-in-children
#13
Na Wang, Yu-le Zhang, Bu-Yun Guan, Li-Ling Zhu, Xue-Hua He, Qian Fang, Zhi-Cheng Liang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of early screening of pediatric developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) using ultrasonography and establish a simultaneous screening model for pediatric DDH and CMT. METHODS: From January, 2013 to January, 2016, a total of 5060 pediatric patients with suspected DDH and CMT underwent ultrasonic examinations. The diagnostic results of the two diseases were classified into different clinical types, and Chi-square test was used to analyze the one-way relationship between different types of DDH and CMT; correspondence analysis was used for multivariate analysis of the variables...
July 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702799/greater-occipital-nerve-infiltration-under-mr-guidance-feasibility-study-and-preliminary-results
#14
Adrian Kastler, Romain Perolat, Bruno Kastler, Caroline Maindet-Dominici, Jan Fritz, Alim Louis Benabid, Stephan Chabardes, Alexandre Krainik
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of greater occipital nerve (GON) intermediate site infiltration with MRI guidance. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients suffering from chronic refractory cranio-facial pain who underwent 16 GON infiltrations were included in this prospective study. All of the procedures were performed on an outpatient basis in the research facility of our institution, with a 1.5 T scanner. The fatty space between inferior obliquus and semispinalis muscles at C1-C2 level was defined as the target...
July 12, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700454/posterior-only-hemivertebra-resection-for-congenital-cervicothoracic-scoliosis-correcting-neck-tilt-and-balancing-the-shoulders
#15
Zhonghui Chen, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu, Song Li, Xi Chen, Liang Xu, Xu Sun
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate radiographic and cosmetic outcomes following posterior-only cervicothoracic hemivertebra resection and instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervicothoracic hemivertebra is a rare congenital deformity. It locates between the mobile cervical spine and the fixed thoracic spine, leading to rapid curve progression, shoulder imbalance, fixed torticollis and facial asymmetry. METHODS: This study reviewed a consecutive series of 18 patients with cervicothoracic hemivertebra...
July 11, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695827/experimental-toxoplasmosis-in-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#16
Ayhan Atasever, Cahit Babür, Abdullah İnci, Görkem Ekebaş, Anıl İça
OBJECTIVE: In this study, forming of experimental toxoplasmosis in quails; clinical, pathological, and serological determination of tissue lesions and bioassay techniques, which were aimed to compare them and determine pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 120 one-year-old female quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were divided into oral infection, parenteral infection, and control groups. The oral group was infected with 0.5 ml inoculum suspension containing 106 tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii, whereas the control group was administered 0...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690908/primary-occipital-ewing-s-sarcoma-with-subsequent-spinal-seeding
#17
Ali Alqahtani, Roaa Amer, Eman Bakhsh
Ewing's sarcoma is a primary bone cancer that mainly affects the long bones. This malignancy is particularly common in pediatric patients. Primary cranial involvement accounts for 1% of cases, with occipital involvement considered extremely rare. In this case study, primary occipital Ewing's sarcoma with a posterior fossa mass and subsequent relapse resulting in spinal seeding is reported. A 3-year-old patient presented with a 1-year history of left-sided headaches, localized over the occipital bone with progressive torticollis...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664414/do-obstetric-risk-factors-truly-influence-the-etiopathogenesis-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#18
N Hardgrib, O Rahbek, B Møller-Madsen, R D Maimburg
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is seen in childhood and presents within months after birth. The etiology remains unknown; however, medical textbooks suggest trauma at birth as a main reason. The aim of this study was to systematically describe obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a population of children with a confirmed congenital muscular torticollis diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with a validated diagnosis of congenital muscular torticollis born at Aarhus University Hospital from 2000 to 2014 were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661018/clinical-characterization-of-dystonia-in-adult-patients-with-huntington-s-disease
#19
N A van de Zande, T H Massey, D McLauchlan, A Pryce Roberts, R Zutt, M Wardle, G C Payne, C Clenaghan, M A J Tijssen, A E Rosser, K J Peall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative movement disorder, typically characterized by chorea. Dystonia is also recognized as part of the HD motor phenotype, although little work detailing its prevalence, distribution, severity and impact on functional capacity has been published to date. METHODS: Patients (>18 years of age) were recruited from the Cardiff (UK) HD clinic, each undergoing a standardized videotaped clinical examination and series of functional assessment questionnaires (Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale, Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale and modified version of the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale)...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640106/the-outcome-of-eosinophilic-granuloma-involving-unilateral-atlantoaxial-joint-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Yu Song, Wen Geng, Tao Guo, Yong Gao, Yukun Zhang, Shuai Li, Kun Wang, Ji Tu, Cao Yang
RATIONALE: Solitary eosinophilic granuloma (EG), the most benign, common form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, has a self-limiting process and is associated with a good prognosis. Immobilization is recommended as the first treatment strategy for solitary EG, although the treatment protocols are still controversial. Radiotherapy and surgery are secondary treatment choices. Lesions of the upper cervical spine react differently to treatment because of their specific anatomical and motor features...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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