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Torticollis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702799/greater-occipital-nerve-infiltration-under-mr-guidance-feasibility-study-and-preliminary-results
#1
Adrian Kastler, Romain Perolat, Bruno Kastler, Caroline Maindet-Dominici, Jan Fritz, Alim Louis Benabid, Stephan Chabardes, Alexandre Krainik
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of greater occipital nerve (GON) intermediate site infiltration with MRI guidance. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients suffering from chronic refractory cranio-facial pain who underwent 16 GON infiltrations were included in this prospective study. All of the procedures were performed on an outpatient basis in the research facility of our institution, with a 1.5 T scanner. The fatty space between inferior obliquus and semispinalis muscles at C1-C2 level was defined as the target...
July 12, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700454/posterior-only-hemivertebra-resection-for-congenital-cervicothoracic-scoliosis-correcting-neck-tilt-and-balancing-the-shoulders
#2
Zhonghui Chen, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu, Song Li, Xi Chen, Liang Xu, Xu Sun
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate radiographic and cosmetic outcomes following posterior-only cervicothoracic hemivertebra resection and instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervicothoracic hemivertebra is a rare congenital deformity. It locates between the mobile cervical spine and the fixed thoracic spine, leading to rapid curve progression, shoulder imbalance, fixed torticollis and facial asymmetry. METHODS: This study reviewed a consecutive series of 18 patients with cervicothoracic hemivertebra...
July 11, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695827/experimental-toxoplasmosis-in-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#3
Ayhan Atasever, Cahit Babür, Abdullah İnci, Görkem Ekebaş, Anıl İça
OBJECTIVE: In this study, forming of experimental toxoplasmosis in quails; clinical, pathological, and serological determination of tissue lesions and bioassay techniques, which were aimed to compare them and determine pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 120 one-year-old female quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were divided into oral infection, parenteral infection, and control groups. The oral group was infected with 0.5 ml inoculum suspension containing 106 tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii, whereas the control group was administered 0...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690908/primary-occipital-ewing-s-sarcoma-with-subsequent-spinal-seeding
#4
Ali Alqahtani, Roaa Amer, Eman Bakhsh
Ewing's sarcoma is a primary bone cancer that mainly affects the long bones. This malignancy is particularly common in pediatric patients. Primary cranial involvement accounts for 1% of cases, with occipital involvement considered extremely rare. In this case study, primary occipital Ewing's sarcoma with a posterior fossa mass and subsequent relapse resulting in spinal seeding is reported. A 3-year-old patient presented with a 1-year history of left-sided headaches, localized over the occipital bone with progressive torticollis...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664414/do-obstetric-risk-factors-truly-influence-the-etiopathogenesis-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#5
N Hardgrib, O Rahbek, B Møller-Madsen, R D Maimburg
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is seen in childhood and presents within months after birth. The etiology remains unknown; however, medical textbooks suggest trauma at birth as a main reason. The aim of this study was to systematically describe obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a population of children with a confirmed congenital muscular torticollis diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with a validated diagnosis of congenital muscular torticollis born at Aarhus University Hospital from 2000 to 2014 were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661018/clinical-characterization-of-dystonia-in-adult-patients-with-huntington-s-disease
#6
N A van de Zande, T H Massey, D McLauchlan, A Pryce Roberts, R Zutt, M Wardle, G C Payne, C Clenaghan, M A J Tijssen, A E Rosser, K J Peall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative movement disorder, typically characterized by chorea. Dystonia is also recognized as part of the HD motor phenotype, although little work detailing its prevalence, distribution, severity and impact on functional capacity has been published to date. METHODS: Patients (>18 years of age) were recruited from the Cardiff (UK) HD clinic, each undergoing a standardized videotaped clinical examination and series of functional assessment questionnaires (Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale, Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale and modified version of the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale)...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640106/the-outcome-of-eosinophilic-granuloma-involving-unilateral-atlantoaxial-joint-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Yu Song, Wen Geng, Tao Guo, Yong Gao, Yukun Zhang, Shuai Li, Kun Wang, Ji Tu, Cao Yang
RATIONALE: Solitary eosinophilic granuloma (EG), the most benign, common form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, has a self-limiting process and is associated with a good prognosis. Immobilization is recommended as the first treatment strategy for solitary EG, although the treatment protocols are still controversial. Radiotherapy and surgery are secondary treatment choices. Lesions of the upper cervical spine react differently to treatment because of their specific anatomical and motor features...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620260/the-positive-expression-of-genotype-vii-newcastle-disease-virus-malaysian-isolate-in-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#8
Lizma Felisha Mazlan, Noor Farhana Bachek, Siti Nor Azizah Mahamud, Lokman Hakim Idris, Tan Sheau Wei, Abdul Rahman Omar, Mohd Hezmee Mohd Noor
AIM: Genotype VII Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is the most predominant NDV strains that circulating in Malaysia; thus, this study was aimed to determine the susceptibility of Japanese quails toward genotype VII NDV. Clinical signs, gross pathological lesions of organs, positive detection of virus in organs and cloacal swabs, as well as the expression of the antibody titer, were used as parameters to assess the susceptibility of Japanese quails following infection of genotype VII NDV...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615870/buparvaquone-therapy-in-a-rock-pigeon-infected-with-haemoproteus-columbae-showing-torticollis
#9
Vivek Joshi, Umesh Dimri, Shahjahan Alam, A Gopalakrishnan
A clinical Haemoproteus columbae infection in a two months rock pigeon was diagnosed on the basis of outward signs and blood smear examination. The clinical signs suggestive of pigeon malaria were anorexia, depression, inability to fly, circling movements and episodes of torticollis. The characteristic halter shaped gametocytes were seen, in thin blood smear, encircling the nucleus of erythrocytes. Buparvaquone therapy, two intramuscular injections at the rate of 5 mg/kg at 72 h interval, was successful...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578512/infected-colloid-cyst
#10
Atilla Yilmaz, Mustafa Aras, Yurdal Serarslan, Mustafa Emrah Kaya
INTRODUCTION: Colloid cysts are the most common pathologic lesions of the third ventricle. Although they are histologically benign, they may grow and can cause the hydrocephalus. A 5-year-old male patient underwent to surgery with the diagnosis of colloid cyst. In operation, after the anterior transcallosal approach, the cyst was punctured by syringe and obviously pus aspirated. CONCLUSION: Colloid cysts mostly remain silent and detected incidentally. Although it is rarely defined, rhinorrhea, hypopituitarism, diabetes insipidus, spasmodic torticollis, drop attack, aseptic meningitis, and coexistence with neurocysticercosis have been reported, but this is the first reported case of an infected colloid cyst...
June 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574316/imaging-of-congenital-torticollis-in-infants-a-retrospective-study-of-an-institutional-protocol
#11
Nicholas Boyko, Melissa Ann Eppinger, Deborah Straka-DeMarco, Catherine Anne Mazzola
OBJECTIVE The authors' objectives in this study were to evaluate their institutional protocol and create recommendations for radiographic imaging in infants with torticollis, with or without plagiocephaly, based on a retrospective clinical analysis and literature review. METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify infants with torticollis who were evaluated by the craniofacial team. The following patients were identified: those who underwent imaging in the form of radiography, CT scanning, or MRI; those who had a secondary diagnosis or additional clinical finding as the indication for imaging; and those with persistent torticollis despite completion of recommended repositioning techniques and physical therapy (PT)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550143/kicked-to-touch-hoodwinked-by-torticollis
#12
Ciaran K Mc Donald, Niall Mc Goldrick, Cliodhna Ni Fhoghlu, Fintan Shannon
A 2-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of a painful stiff neck after getting a kick to her head from her older brother. Her general practitioner had recently started her on oral antibiotics for otitis media. Plain film imaging of her cervical spine on admission revealed anterior subluxation of C2 on C3 suggestive of bifacetal dislocation. Subsequent CT imaging confirmed malalignment of the upper cervical spine. The patient was admitted and worked up with MRI of the cervical spine which unexpectedly revealed a large 4×2 cm retropharyngeal abscess extending from C1 to C4...
May 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472514/evaluating-atlantoaxial-dislocation-based-on-cartesian-coordinates-proposing-a-new-definition-and-its-impact-on-assessment-of-congenital-torticollis
#13
Jayesh Sardhara, Sanjay Behari, Pavaman Sindgikar, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Anant Mehrotra, Kuntal Kanti Das, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Rabi N Sahu, Awadhesh K Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: Conventional 2-dimensional (2-D) definition of atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) is inadequate for coexisting 3-D displacements. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively classify AAD and its related abnormalities along 3 Cartesian coordinates and assess their association with torticollis. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four patients with congenital AAD were prospectively classified according to their C1-2 displacement along 3 Cartesian coordinates utilizing 3-D multiplanar CT...
May 3, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468134/use-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-in-treatment-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis-in-patients-over-eight-years-of-age
#14
Hyung Min Hahn, Kyung Hoon Cook, Il Jae Lee, Dong Ha Park, Myong Chul Park
BACKGROUND: Treatment for neglected or recurred congenital muscular torticollis should be differentiated from primary patients due to the long-standing adjacent tissue contracture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) on surgery of recurred and neglected patients of congenital muscular torticollis. METHODS: Forty-nine patients were included in the study. All patients underwent resection at the distal end of the sternocleidomastoid muscle...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458568/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-abobotulinumtoxina-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-dystonia-in-the-united-kingdom
#15
Madhusubramanian Muthukumar, Kamal Desai, Seye Abogunrin, Timothy Harrower, Sylvie Gabriel, Jerome Dinet
BACKGROUND: Cervical dystonia (CD) involves painful involuntary contraction of the neck and shoulder muscles and abnormal posture in middle-aged adults. Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) is effective in treating CD but little is known about its associated cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of abobotulinumtoxinA for treating CD from the UK payer perspective. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of abobotulinum-toxinA versus best supportive care (BSC) in CD, with a lifetime horizon and health states for response, nonresponse, secondary nonresponse, and BSC in patients with CD (mean age: 53 years; 37% male)...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431634/multicenter-observational-study-of-abobotulinumtoxina-neurotoxin-in-cervical-dystonia-the-anchor-cd-registry
#16
Richard M Trosch, Alberto J Espay, Daniel Truong, Ramon Gil, Carlos Singer, Peter A LeWitt, Mark F Lew, Michele Tagliati, Charles H Adler, Jack J Chen, Dominic Marchese, Cynthia L Comella
BACKGROUND: The ANCHOR-CD prospective observational registry study evaluated the effectiveness of abobotulinumtoxinA in adult idiopathic cervical dystonia (CD) in clinical practice. METHODS: Adults with CD were eligible. Treating physicians determined abobotulinumtoxinA dose and treatment interval. The primary endpoint was patient response rate (Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale [TWSTRS] score reduction≥25% and Patient Global Impression of Change [PGIC] score of +2 or +3 at Week 4 of Cycle 1)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400656/congenital-muscular-torticollis-use-of-gaze-angle-and-translational-deformity-in-assessment-of-facial-asymmetry
#17
Atul Bhaskar, U Harish, Hardik Desai
BACKGROUND: Assessment of facial asymmetry is challenging in torticollis deformity. Neck tilt in toroticollis is associated with deviation of horizontal ocular gaze and translation of neck from the midline. These deviations can be assessed clinically and can be used as surrogate marker for facial asymmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty five children with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) were classified into three grades of severity based on the new clinical score...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391972/neuroaxonal-dystrophy-in-a-flock-of-pied-imperial-pigeons-ducula-bicolor
#18
M Barrows, R Killick, C Day, R Saunders, K Baiker, L Ressel, D Denk
Five juvenile pied imperial pigeons (Ducula bicolor) presented with neurological signs including torticollis, ataxia and poor flying ability. All were humanely destroyed and submitted for post-mortem examination. Microscopically, the most significant findings were in the brain and spinal cord. Spheroid formation was evident within the medulla, pons, diencephalon, cortical grey and subcortical white matter, spinal cord white and grey matter and the granular and molecular cell layers of the cerebellum. There was no evidence of associated inflammation...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371924/implementation-of-a-quality-improvement-initiative-improved-congenital-muscular-torticollis-outcomes-in-a-large-hospital-setting
#19
Mariann L Strenk, Michelle Kiger, Jesse L Hawke, Amy Mischnick, Catherine Quatman-Yates
Background.: The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) published a guideline for Congenital Muscular Torticollis (CMT) in 2013. Our division adopted the guideline as the institutional practice standard and engaged in a quality improvement (QI) initiative to increase the percentage of patients who achieved resolution of CMT within six months of evaluation. Objective.: The aims of this report are to describe the QI activities we conducted to improve patient outcomes and discuss the results and implications for other institutions and patient populations...
March 24, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356651/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-asymmetry-in-infants-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis-according-to-age-upon-starting-treatment
#20
KyeongSoo Lee, EunJung Chung, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of asymmetry in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) according to the age when treatment was started. [Subjects and Methods] 102 infant CMT patients under the age of 6 months were selected. The subjects were divided into a group that started treatment before six weeks (n=55) and a group that started treatment after six weeks (n=47). Asymmety was evaluated by determining the difference in the thickness of the two sternocleidomastoid muscles (DTSM) using ultrasonography, head tilt (HT) based on a physical examination, and the torticollis overall assessment (TOA)...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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