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Debora M Moore, Denise Rizzolo
Sandifer syndrome is a rare complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease that may be more common than reported. This syndrome was first mentioned more than 50 years ago with minimal documentation in the medical literature. Because of the presentation, the patient may be referred for lengthy, expensive, and unnecessary neurologic testing. This may lead to a missed or delayed diagnosis, mismanagement, and the use of inappropriate medication. Providers should be aware of Sandifer syndrome when evaluating a child with torticollis or unusual posturing that is not associated with neuromuscular disease or injury...
March 6, 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Benjamin John Miller, Raj Lakhani, Arif Rashid, Philipa Tostevin
An 11-year-old boy with a history of autism spectrum disorder attended the emergency department with his mother 8 days after an adenotonsillectomy reporting postoperative bleeding. Detailed physical examination revealed no active bleeding, but a rigid neck posture was noted. A head and neck CT scan demonstrated unilateral rotatory atlantoaxial subluxation and possible damage to the anterior spinal ligament. He was reviewed by neurosurgeons who performed manipulation under anaesthetic and successfully realigned the occipital cervical tract...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Shaofu Wang, Jing Li, Guohua Lü, Bing Wang, Xiaobin Wang
PURPOSE: Hemivertebra of the cervical spine is a rare but complex spinal malformation. To our knowledge, only one publication describes excision of an upper-middle cervical (between C2 and C4) hemivertebra. We present our experience with two cases of C3 hemivertebra resection and torticollis correction via a combined anterior-posterior-anterior surgical approach and short segment fixation. METHODS: Two 12-year-old patients with torticollis due to congenital C3 hemivertebra underwent surgery consisting of combined anterior vertebral body osteotomy, posterior element resection with segment instrumentation and deformity correction, and iliac bone graft reconstruction and fixation via an anterior approach...
February 28, 2018: European Spine Journal
Uwe Walter, Ales Dudesek, Urban M Fietzek
The obliquus capitis inferior (OCI) muscle may be crucially involved in generating the tremulous component of spasmodic torticollis. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a simplified ultrasonography-guided approach of botulinum neurotoxin injection into the OCI in the management of spasmodic torticollis. Here, a novel off-plane technique of ultrasonography-guided botulinum neurotoxin injection into the OCI is demonstrated on video. We investigated its effect in five patients with tremulous torticollis with only partial response to conventional injection technique not injecting OCI...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
Ah-Reum Ahn, Ueon Woo Rah, Ji-Eun Woo, Sunghoon Park, Sanghyun Kim, Shin-Young Yim
Our clinical experience led us to realize that craniovertebral junction (CVJ) abnormalities were common in surgical patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). This study aimed to report the concurrence rate of CVJ abnormalities in surgical patients with CMT, along with comprehensive evaluation of type of concurrent CVJ abnormalities. This was a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary hospital, including 41 subjects who underwent surgical release for CMT at the mean age of 8.38 years. The presence of CVJ abnormalities was analyzed, using craniofacial 3-dimensional computed tomography images...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mohammed Ahmed Hussein, In Sik Yun, Dong Won Lee, Hanna Park, Kim Yong Oock
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis is a common childhood musculoskeletal anomaly that might result in permanent craniofacial deformity, facial asymmetry, and changes in the cervical vertebrae, if not treated during early childhood. Although there have been many studies on cervical vertebral changes, their onset in children has not been previously studied. METHODS: Fifteen patients (aged <8 years) with a confirmed diagnosed of torticollis were included...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kristy Wittmeier, Kathy Mulder
Many centres report receiving more referrals for deformational plagiocephaly since implementation of the Back to Sleep campaign. This commentary combines clinical experience, local quality improvement data and existing literature to highlight three points to help prevent and manage plagiocephaly: (1) communicating 'Back to Sleep, Tummy to Play', (2) the importance of early detection and (3) plagiocephaly as a marker of developmental risk. We recommend: (1) equal emphasis on the messages of Back to Sleep and supervised Tummy to Play, to start this messaging early and reinforce at every opportunity; (2) examination of skull shape and neck range of motion as a routine component of the newborn assessment so that caregivers can implement positioning and handling suggestions immediately and (3) physiotherapy referral for babies who have torticollis, or who show persistent or worsening plagiocephaly despite positioning and handling interventions, for further assessment and management...
June 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Banghong Jiang, Wenxuan Zu, Jing Xu, Zhuyou Xiong, Yichao Zhang, Song Gao, Shuxing Ge, Li Zhang
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a neck deformity that involves shortening of sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) characterized by muscle atrophy and interstitial fibrosis. To investigate wheatear Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) has anti-fibrotic effects in CMT, we established acquired muscular torticollis that mimetics CMT in rabbit by intra-SCM injection of anhydrous alcohol. The treatment groups received BTA (2.5 units or 5 units) injection into the fibrotic SCM. The shortening and thickening of SCM were recorded by B-mode ultrasound...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Gi Young Park, Dong Rak Kwon, Dae Gil Kwon
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is characterized by shortening or excessive contraction of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of quantifying SCM stiffness using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) sonoelastography in infants with CMT. Twenty infants with an SCM thickness greater than 10 mm with or without involvement of the entire SCM length (limitation of neck rotation passive range of motion [PROM]: group 1S >30°, group 1M = 15°-30°) and 12 infants with an SCM thickness smaller than 10 mm with or without involvement of any part of SCM (group 2) were included...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jennifer M McAllister, Eric S Hall, Gayle E R Hertenstein, Stephanie L Merhar, Patricia L Uebel, Scott L Wexelblatt
In this retrospective cohort study, we assessed the incidence of torticollis in infants with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome. Understanding the elevated risk of torticollis in this population is important for early identification and treatment.
January 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Hatice Ataş, Müzeyyen Gönül, Aysun Gökçe, Mutlu Acar, Canan Gürdal
Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) may overlap localized scleroderma (morphea) lesions with linear depression (en coup de sabre [ECDS]). Overlap case with PRS and ECDS was presented. Enophthalmos, uveitis, ocular torticollis, keratic linear precipitates, and anti-double-stranded DNA positivity were identified. Subendothelial keratic precipitates detected by an in vivo laser scanning confocal microscopy were the first profiled in the literature. Patients must be evaluated and followed up carefully by their clinics to prevent misdiagnosis and unnecessary procedures such as surgery of ocular torticollis as muscular torticollis...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Emilio Fernández-Alvarez
This review summarizes the current empirical and clinical literature on benign paroxysmal movement disorders in infancy most relevant to practitioners. Paroxysmal benign movement disorders are a heterogeneous group of movement disorders characterized by their favourable outcome. We pay special attention to the recognition and management of these abnormal motor conditions strongly suggestive of epileptic disorders. They include: neonatal jitteriness; benign neonatal sleep myoclonus; benign paroxysmal tonic upgaze; paroxysmal tonic downgaze, benign paroxysmal torticollis and benign polymorphous movement disorder of infancy...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
(no author information available yet)
At the request of the Journal Editor and the Publisher, the following article has been retracted: Lee I. (2015) The effect of postural control intervention for congenital muscular torticollis: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation 29(8): 795-802. DOI: 10.1177/0269215514555037. This article demonstrates a high level of unreferenced overlap with the following article: Rahlin, M. (2005) TAMO Therapy as a Major Component of Physical Therapy Intervention for an Infant With Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A Case Report...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Mark F Lew, Allison Brashear, Khashayar Dashtipour, Stuart Isaacson, Robert A Hauser, Pascal Maisonobe, Daniel Snyder, William Ondo
Purpose/aim: AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®, Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., Basking Ridge, NJ, USA) is an acetylcholine release inhibitor and a neuromuscular blocking agent. The United States prescribing information for abobotulinumtoxinA previously indicated only one dilution for cervical dystonia: 500 U/1 mL. Clinical trial data supporting a larger volume with a 500 U/2 mL dilution would offer clinicians flexibility with injection volume to better meet patient needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 12-week, phase 3b, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (NCT01753310)...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
R Nicot, M Schlund, S Konopnicki, J Ferri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Abhidha Shah, Amol Kaswa, Sonal Jain, Atul Goel
We report a series of four patients aged 4, 5, 14, and 27 years (1 male and 3 female patients) with severe shortening of the neck and torticollis since early childhood who presented with complaint of pain in the nape of neck as the primary symptom. All four patients had relatively well preserved neurological functions. One patient had vertical mobile and reducible atlantoaxial dislocation, and 3 patients had anteroposterior mobile and reducible dislocation. There was assimilation of atlas in 1 patient. The arch of atlas was bifid in 3 patients...
January 2018: Neurology India
Brent R Collett, Brian G Leroux, Erin R Wallace, Emily Gallagher, Jason Shao, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE In this study, the authors examined head shape through age 36 months for children with and without a history of positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB). METHODS Infants with PPB (cases) were identified through a craniofacial clinic at the time of diagnosis. Infants without diagnosed PPB were identified through a participant registry. Clinician ratings of 3D cranial images were used to confirm the presence or absence of PPB. The cohort included 235 case infants (diagnosed PPB, confirmed with 3D imaging), 167 unaffected controls (no diagnosed PPB, no deformation detected), and 70 affected controls (no diagnosed PPB, discernible skull deformation)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Amir R Vafaee, Taghi Baghdadi, Azarakhsh Baghdadi, Reza Khalili Jamnani
Background: Although the developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is well known to pediatric orthopedists, its etiology has still remained unknown and despite dedication of a vast majority of research, the results are still inadequate and confusing. The exact incidence of DDH and its relationship with known risk factors in Iran is still unknown. Here we represent the results of one year study on the incidence and related conditions of DDH. Methods: Sonography was performed on the hip joints of 1073 full term healthy newborns at Imam Khomeini Hospital from March 2013 to March 2014...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Meta Starc, Stefania Norbedo, Martina Tubaro, Luca Ronfani, Giulia Bassanese, Egidio Barbi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the spectrum of pathologies responsible for torticollis in children presenting to the emergency department and to evaluate the associated symptoms to determine clinical red flags for hospitalization. METHODS: This was a historical retrospective cohort study. Medical records of children evaluated in our emergency department for torticollis from 2008 to 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 392 identified patients, 61% had postural torticollis,19...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jean-Sébastien Bourseul, Anais Molina, Mael Lintanf, Laetitia Houx, Emmanuelle Chaléat-Valayer, Christelle Pons, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: To report current evidence regarding the safety of intramuscular BTI in children with orthopaedic- and neurological-related musculoskeletal disorders under the age of 2 years. DATA SOURCE: PUBMED, The Cochrane Library, and Science Direct, Google Scholar and Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently selected studies based on predetermined inclusion criteria. DATA EXTRACTION: Data relating to the aim were extracted...
December 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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