keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preterm development

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166383/prematurity-disrupts-glomeruli-development-while-prematurity-and-hyperglycemia-lead-to-altered-nephron-maturation-and-increased-oxidative-stress-in-newborn-baboons
#1
Danielle A Callaway, Lisa L McGill-Vargas, Amy Quinn, Jasmine L Jordan, Lauryn A Winter, Diana Anzueto, Edward J Dick, Cynthia L Blanco
BACKGROUND: Premature birth occurs when nephrogenesis is incomplete and has been linked to increased renal pathologies in the adult. Metabolic factors complicating preterm birth may have additional consequences for kidney development. Here, we evaluated the effects of prematurity and hyperglycemia on nephrogenesis in premature baboons when compared to term animals. METHODS: Baboons were delivered prematurely (67% gestation; n=9) or at term (n=7) and survived 2-4 weeks...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165833/gestational-age-and-child-development-at-age-five-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-australian-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-children
#2
Mark Hanly, Kathleen Falster, Georgina Chambers, John Lynch, Emily Banks, Nusrat Homaira, Marni Brownell, Sandra Eades, Louisa Jorm
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and developmental vulnerability are more common in Australian Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal children. We quantified how gestational age relates to developmental vulnerability in both populations. METHODS: Perinatal datasets were linked to the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), which collects data on five domains, including physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and general knowledge/communication development...
November 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165157/the-hokkaido-birth-cohort-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health-cohort-profile-updated-2017
#3
Reiko Kishi, Atsuko Araki, Machiko Minatoya, Tomoyuki Hanaoka, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Itoh, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Yu Ait Bamai, Keiko Yamazaki, Ryu Miura, Naomi Tamura, Kumiko Ito, Houman Goudarzi
The Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health is an ongoing study consisting of two birth cohorts of different population sizes: the Sapporo cohort and the Hokkaido cohort. Our primary study goals are (1) to examine the effects of low-level environmental chemical exposures on birth outcomes, including birth defects and growth retardation; (2) to follow the development of allergies, infectious diseases, and neurobehavioral developmental disorders and perform a longitudinal observation of child development; (3) to identify high-risk groups based on genetic susceptibility to environmental chemicals; and (4) to identify the additive effects of various chemicals, including tobacco smoking...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163989/axial-length-and-ocular-development-of-premature-infants-without-rop
#4
Yi Zha, Guangdong Zhu, Jinfei Zhuang, Haihua Zheng, Jianqiu Cai, Wangqiang Feng
Purpose: To investigate the ocular parameters of premature infants without ROP at gestational age (GA) more than 28 weeks and their relationship with growth parameters. Methods: 76 preterm infants without ROP and 65 term infants were involved to undergo portable slit lamp, RetCam3, ultrasonic A-scan biometry, and cycloplegic streak examination at their 40 weeks' postconceptional ages (PCA). Ocular parameters of infants' right eye and growth parameters were used for analysis...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163937/development-and-validation-of-a-simplified-algorithm-for-neonatal-gestational-age-assessment-protocol-for-the-alliance-for-maternal-newborn-health-improvement-amanhi-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Abdullah Baqui, Parvez Ahmed, Sushil Kanta Dasgupta, Nazma Begum, Mahmoodur Rahman, Nasreen Islam, Mohammad Quaiyum, Betty Kirkwood, Karen Edmond, Caitlin Shannon, Samuel Newton, Lisa Hurt, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Nisar, Atiya Hussain, Naila Nadeem, Muhammad Ilyas, Anita Zaidi, Sunil Sazawal, Saikat Deb, Arup Dutta, Usha Dhingra, Said Moh'd Ali, Davidson H Hamer, Katherine Ea Semrau, Marina Straszak-Suri, Caroline Grogan, Godfrey Bemba, Anne Cc Lee, Blair J Wylie, Alexander Manu, Sachiyo Yoshida, Rajiv Bahl
Objective: The objective of the Alliance for Maternal and Newborn Health Improvement (AMANHI) gestational age study is to develop and validate a programmatically feasible and simple approach to accurately assess gestational age of babies after they are born. The study will provide accurate, population-based rates of preterm birth in different settings and quantify the risks of neonatal mortality and morbidity by gestational age and birth weight in five South Asian and sub-Saharan African sites...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163364/telomere-length-in-preterm-infants-a-promising-biomarker-of-early-adversity-and-care-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Livio Provenzi, Giunia Scotto di Minico, Roberto Giorda, Rosario Montirosso
Preterm infants present an immature neurobehavioral profile at birth, even in absence of severe brain injuries and perinatal complications. As such, they require a long-lasting hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), which is thought to grant at-risk newborns' survival, but still entails a number of physical, painful, and socio-emotional stressors. Hence, preterm birth and NICU stay represent an early adverse experience, which has been linked to detrimental consequences for neurological, neuro-endocrinal, behavioral, and socio-emotional development, as well as to disease later in life...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#7
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162657/implementation-of-a-guideline-to-decrease-use-of-acid-suppressing-medications-in-the-nicu
#8
Asimenia Angelidou, Katherine Bell, Munish Gupta, Kristen Tropea Leeman, Anne Hansen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acid-suppressing medications are used extensively in term and preterm newborns despite limited efficacy data and increasing evidence for potential harm. We sought to reduce nonindicated use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) in our level III/IV NICU by developing and implementing a guideline for their use. Our specific aim was to reduce prescriptions among infants <1 month corrected age from a baseline of 7.5 to 4 per month by December 2016...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159790/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-pregnancy-a-survey-of-compliance-with-recommendations
#9
C M Windrim, D A Crosby, K Mitchell, C Brophy, R Mahony, M Higgins
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy has important maternal and fetal implications, with increased risk of developing gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, preterm birth and small for gestational age birthweight. It is recommended that every pregnant woman should take 5 μg (200 IU) of vitamin D per day during pregnancy and lactation. AIMS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of women taking vitamin D supplementation and to identify the reasons for patients not taking supplementation within women attending an antenatal clinic in Dublin...
November 20, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159182/a-psychological-perspective-on-preterm-children-the-influence-of-contextual-factors-on-quality-of-family-interactions
#10
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Lorenza Svanellini, Chiara Peraro, Alessandra Simonelli
Preterm birth has a critical influence on interactive, communicative, and expressive child behaviour, particularly during the first years of life. Few studies have stressed the assessment of mother-father-child interaction in families with preterm children, generating contradictory results. The present study wished to develop these fields: (i) comparing the quality of family interactions between families with preterm children and families with children born at full term; (ii) observing the development of family interactions after six months in the families with children born preterm; (iii) assessing family and contextual factors, as parental stress and social support, in parents of preterm children in order to observe their influence on the quality of family interactions...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158370/ovarian-and-uterine-functions-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-cancers
#11
REVIEW
Ozgur Oktem, Samuel S Kim, Ugur Selek, Glenn Schatmann, Bulent Urman
Adult survivors of childhood cancers are more prone to developing poor reproductive and obstetrical outcomes than their siblings and the general population as a result of previous exposure to chemotherapy and radiation during childhood. Chemotherapy drugs exert cytotoxic effects systemically and therefore can damage the ovaries, leading to infertility, premature ovarian failure, and, to a lesser extent, spontaneous abortions. They have very limited or no deleterious effects on the uterus that can be recognized clinically...
November 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157047/neurological-development-of-children-born-to-mothers-after-kidney-transplantation
#12
Joanna Schreiber-Zamora, Szpotańska-Sikorska Monika, Agnieszka Drozdowska-Szymczak, Natalia Czaplińska, Bronisława Pietrzak, Mirosław Wielgos, Bożena Kociszewska-Najman
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies after kidney transplantation are at high risk of complications such as preterm birth and foetal growth restriction. Until now, the impact of these factors on neurological development of children born to transplant mothers has not been established. AIMS: A comparison of neurological examinations performed in 36 children of kidney transplant women (study group) and 36 children born to healthy mothers (control group). The children from both groups were born at a similar gestational age and in the similar time period from 12/1996 to 09/2012...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155504/cervical-funneling-or-intra-amniotic-debris-and-preterm-birth-among-nulliparous-women-with-a-midtrimester-cervical-length-less-than-30-mm
#13
George R Saade, Elizabeth A Thom, William A Grobman, Jay D Iams, Brian M Mercer, Uma M Reddy, Alan T N Tita, Dwight J Rouse, Yoram Sorokin, Ronald J Wapner, Kenneth J Leveno, Sean C Blackwell, M Sean Esplin, Jorge E Tolosa, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, J Peter VanDorsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the presence of cervical funneling or intra-amniotic debris identified in the second trimester is associated with higher rates of preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic nulliparous women with a midtrimester cervical length (CL) less than 30 mm (i.e., less than the 10(th) percentile). METHODS: A secondary cohort analysis of a multicenter trial of women between 16 and 22 weeks with a singleton gestation and a CL less than 30 mm by transvaginal ultrasound randomized to either 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate or placebo...
November 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154655/cognitive-functioning-in-toddlerhood-the-role-of-gestational-age-attention-capacities-and-maternal-stimulation
#14
Marjanneke de Jong, Marjolein Verhoeven, Ignace T C Hooge, Arnoldina P G F Maingay-Visser, Louise Spanjerberg, Anneloes L van Baar
Why do many preterm children show delays in development? An integrated model of biological risk, children's capacities, and maternal stimulation was investigated in relation to cognitive functioning at toddler age. Participants were 200 Dutch children (gestational age = 32-41 weeks); 51% boys, 96% Dutch nationality, 71.5% highly educated mothers. At 18 months, attention capacities were measured using eye-tracking, and maternal attention-directing behavior was observed. Cognitive functioning was measured at 24 months using the Bayley-III-NL...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153908/-analysis-of-obstetric-pediatric-care-in-the-perinatal-period-are-births-before-31-weeks-gestation-in-level-2b-maternity-units-avoidable
#15
I Martin, A Roussel, M-F Olieric, M Feldmann, Y Wallerich, N Trabelsi, A Miton, C Zuily-Lamy, V Valdès, J Fresson
INTRODUCTION: Regionalization of perinatal care has been developed to improve the survival of preterm babies. The mortality rate is higher among very premature infants born outside level-3 maternity units. The objective of this study was to evaluate the preventability of these very premature births occurring outside recommendations within level-2B maternity units. The secondary objective was to describe the care of premature infants between 23 and 24 weeks. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective qualitative study of the care delivery pathways...
November 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153672/an-intermediate-sflt-1-plgf-ratio-indicates-an-increased-risk-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcome
#16
Janine Hoffmann, Victoria Ossada, Marie Weber, Holger Stepan
OBJECTIVE: The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio is a valid marker in diagnosing or excluding preeclampsia. The currently used cut offs frame an intermediate zone of 33-85 (<34(0) weeks) or 33-110 (≥34(0) weeks), respectively. In this study we sought to evaluate the relevance of an intermediate sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for the clinical pregnancy course and outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 533 consecutive patients with sFlt-1/PlGF ratio measurements for suspected preeclampsia...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153662/comparison-of-three-algorithms-for-prediction-preeclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy
#17
Rebeca Silveira Rocha, Júlio Augusto Gurgel Alves, Sammya Bezerra Maia E Holanda Moura, Edward Araujo Júnior, Wellington P Martins, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Fabricio Da Silva Costa, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá
OBJECTIVE: To compare a new simple algorithm for preeclampsia (PE) prediction among Brazilian women with two international guidelines - National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of two prospective cohort studies to predict PE between 11 and 13+6weeks of gestation, developed between August 2009 and January 2014. Outcomes measured were total PE, early PE (<34weeks), preterm PE (<37weeks), and term PE (≥37weeks)...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150458/diagnostic-accuracy-of-neonatal-assessment-for-gestational-age-determination-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Anne Cc Lee, Pratik Panchal, Lian Folger, Hilary Whelan, Rachel Whelan, Bernard Rosner, Hannah Blencowe, Joy E Lawn
CONTEXT: An estimated 15 million neonates are born preterm annually. However, in low- and middle-income countries, the dating of pregnancy is frequently unreliable or unknown. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to determine the diagnostic accuracy of neonatal assessments to estimate gestational age (GA). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, POPLINE, and World Health Organization library databases...
November 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149678/housing-conditions-and-birth-outcomes-the-national-child-development-study
#19
Emily W Harville, Felicia A Rabito
BACKGROUND: Despite their importance to respiratory and other health outcomes, housing conditions have been little-studied with respect to perinatal outcomes. METHODS: 1927 participants in the British National Child Development Study reported on housing conditions and pregnancy outcomes, including presence/severity of mold/dampness; type of heating; and whether remodeling of various sorts had been conducted. Crowding, based on the number of people in the residence and the number of rooms, was also considered...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146572/cognitive-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-following-birth-before-26-weeks-of-gestation-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Dieter Wolke, Helen O'Reilly, Joan K Morris, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trajectory of cognitive test scores from infancy to adulthood in individuals born extremely preterm compared with term-born individuals. DESIGN: A prospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: 276 maternity units in the UK and Ireland. PATIENTS: 315 surviving infants born less than 26 completed weeks of gestation recruited at birth in 1995 and 160 term-born classroom controls recruited at age 6...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
keyword
keyword
13549
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"