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Brachial plexus injury

Yul-Hyun Park, Chul-Ho Kim, Jang-Hee Kim, Jun-Eun Park, Shin-Young Yim
While congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) can occur along with other conditions, such as clavicle fracture or brachial plexus injury, these conditions exist outside the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). We present a rare case with concurrence of CMT and a malignant tumor inside the same SCM, along with serial clinical and radiological findings of the atypical features of CMT. The malignant tumor was in fact a low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. To the best of our knowledge, the current case is the first of a concurrent condition of CMT inside the SCM...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yin Yuan, Xiu-Yue Xu, Jie Lao, Xin Zhao
Nerve transfer is the most common treatment for total brachial plexus avulsion injury. After nerve transfer, the movement of the injured limb may be activated by certain movements of the healthy limb at the early stage of recovery, i.e., trans-hemispheric reorganization. Previous studies have focused on functional magnetic resonance imaging and changes in brain-derived neurotrophic factor and growth associated protein 43, but there have been no proteomics studies. In this study, we designed a rat model of total brachial plexus avulsion injury involving contralateral C7 nerve transfer...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Juan Alcántara Fructuoso, Lorena Bernal José, Carmelo Tornero Ramos, Luis Pretel Serrano
We report the case of an 83-year-old man on rivaroxaban treatment, with pain in right shoulder, back of the upper arm, forearm and wrist, and inability to extend the wrist and fingers, as the result of an injury. The radiographs were normal, but thoracic CT showed an axillary artery pseudoaneurysm and a secondary hematoma that compressed the brachial plexus. This should be borne in mind in patients with painful shoulder, treated with anticoagulant therapy and without associated radiographic changes.
March 13, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Olga Gutkowska, Jacek Martynkiewicz, Marek Stępniewski, Jerzy Gosk
Brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) caused by shoulder dislocation usually have a transient character and tend to resolve spontaneously. However, in some patients the symptoms can persist and require operative intervention. This work aims to determine the risk factors for persistent BPIs resulting from shoulder dislocation. The study comprised 73 patients (58 men, 15 women; mean age: 50 years) treated operatively between the years 2000 and 2016 for persistent BPIs resulting from shoulder dislocation. Patient age, gender, type of initial trauma, number of affected nerves, presence of accompanying injuries, and time interval from dislocation to its reduction were analysed...
2018: BioMed Research International
Zachary S Hubbard, Alexander M Busko, Allan D Levi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Neurosurgery
Tao Jiang, Lin Jiang, Jun-de Shi, Yong-Ge Jiang, Du-Liang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the treatment skill and clinical effect of bone setting manipulation in treating proximal humeral fracture with shoulder dislocation. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2015, 118 cases of proximal humeral fractures with shoulder joint dislocation were treated by bone setting reduction and fixation with adhesive tape or Kirschner wire after reduction, including 56 males and 62 females with an average age of 61 years old ranging from 48 to 88 years old...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Andrew T Koogler, Michael Kushelev
A 76-year-old male presented for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in the beach chair position. A preoperative interscalene nerve catheter was placed under direct ultrasound-guidance utilizing a posterior in-plane approach. On POD 2, the catheter was removed. Three weeks postoperatively, the patient reported worsening dyspnea with a subsequent chest X-ray demonstrating an elevated right hemidiaphragm. Pulmonary function testing revealed worsening deficit from presurgical values consistent with phrenic nerve palsy...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Jinguo Wang, Feng Liu, Shunshun Liu, Na Wang
BACKGROUND The complication rate of central venous catheterization ranges from 4% to 35%. Brachial plexus injury can occur, mostly on the same side as the catheterization, without affecting the contralateral brachial plexus. CASE REPORT A 71-year-old woman received placement of a vein hemodialysis catheter via right internal jugular vein. Five days after the cannulation, she complained of contralateral burning pain and numbness at the ulnar side of her left forearm. On the next day, the pain increased and extended to her left shoulder girdle and whole left arm, despite use of analgesics...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Patrick J Buchanan, John A I Grossman, Andrew E Price, Chandan Reddy, Mustafa Chopan, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: Most brachial plexus birth injuries (BPBI) are caused by traction on the brachial plexus during a difficult delivery. Fortunately, the possibility of complete recovery from such an incident is relatively high, with only 10% to 30% of patients having prolonged and persistent disability. These patients have muscle imbalances and co-contractions typically localized around the shoulder and elbow. These imbalances and co-contractures cause abnormal motor performances and bone/joint deformities...
March 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Sotirios Giannakakis, Ioannis Sachmpazidis, Anastasios Papapetrou, George Galyfos, Georgios Sachsamanis, Gerasimos Papacharalampous, Chrisostomos Maltezos
The incidence of combined neurovascular injuries among patients with high-energy shoulder trauma ranges from 27% to 44%. However, the presentation of an axillary artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA) due to shoulder dislocation without an associated osseous fracture is a very rare condition. Moreover, treatment of combined neurologic and vascular injuries of the shoulder remains controversial. Additionally, minimally invasive treatments such as thrombin injection have been mainly evaluated in patients with iatrogenic femoral artery PSAs...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 305 in vol. 8, PMID: 29404192.].
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Mohammad Thawabi, Rajiv Tayal, Zain Khakwani, Michael Sinclair, Marc Cohen, Najam Wasty
OBJECTIVE: To identify a fluoroscopic bony landmark for safe percutaneous axillary artery cannulation. BACKGROUND: No bony landmarks exist to guide safe percutaneous axillary artery cannulation, which is an important alternate access site for catheter-based procedures in selected patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 51 consecutive percutaneous axillary artery sheath angiograms and attempted to correlate a fixed bony landmark to the proximal end of the third part of the artery...
March 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Meena M Archie, Johnathon C Rollo, Hugh A Gelabert
INTRODUCTION: Surgical management of spontaneous subclavian thrombosis due to venous thoracic outlet syndrome (vTOS) results in durable relief of symptoms. The need to re-operate is rare. We report our experience with re-operation for vTOS. METHODS: Patients evaluated for vTOS between 1996 and 2016 were identified in a prospective database. Data recorded included demographics, initial presentation, initial surgery, recurrent presentation, re-operation, and final outcomes...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Alain Joe Azzi, Hassan AlNaeem, Camille Aubin-Lemay, Julie Chakriya Kvann, Peter Alam, Helene Retrouvey, Salah Aldekhayel, Teanoosh Zadeh
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare shoulder abduction and external rotation (ER) after single-nerve repair of the upper trunk alone versus dual-nerve repair of both the upper trunk and the suprascapular nerve. METHODS A retrospective chart review of a single surgeon's experience repairing obstetrical brachial plexus injuries between June 1995 and June 2015 was performed. Eight patients underwent repair of the upper trunk alone, and 10 patients underwent repair of the upper trunk and the suprascapular nerve...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Michela Meregaglia, Livia Dainelli, Helen Banks, Chiara Benedetto, Patrick Detzel, Giovanni Fattore
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising in all developed countries. This study aimed at assessing the short-term economic burden of GDM from the Italian healthcare system perspective. METHODS: A model was built over the last pregnancy trimester (i.e., from the 28th gestational week until childbirth included). The National Hospital Discharge Database (2014) was accessed to estimate delivery outcome probabilities and inpatient costs in GDM and normal pregnancies (i...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ulrich Irlenbusch, Olaf Rott, Lars Irlenbusch
AIM: Arthrodesis of the shoulder joint is a radical event, so it is difficult to explain its significance to patients. It has been the last resort in hopeless cases. Knowledge of long-term results and evaluation of advantages and disadvantages seems to be helpful in this regard. METHODS: Eleven patients with mean age of 45 (31 - 58) years were operated between 2000 and 2013. All patients could be included in the investigation (FU mean 8.5 [3 - 16] years; 8 male and 3 female; right 9, left 2)...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Kai-Ming Gao, Jie Lao, Wen-Jie Guan, Jing-Jing Hu
If a partial contralateral C 7 nerve is transferred to a recipient injured nerve, results are not satisfactory. However, if an entire contralateral C 7 nerve is used to repair two nerves, both recipient nerves show good recovery. These findings seem contradictory, as the above two methods use the same donor nerve, only the cutting method of the contralateral C 7 nerve is different. To verify whether this can actually result in different repair effects, we divided rats with right total brachial plexus injury into three groups...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Keiichi Maniwa, Haruyoshi Yamashita, Hiroaki Tsukano, Ryuichi Hishida, Naoto Endo, Minoru Shibata, Katsuei Shibuki
To understand the neural mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of crossing nerve transfer for brachial plexus injuries in human patients, we investigated the cortical responses after crossing nerve transfer in mice using conventional and tomographic optical imaging. The distal cut ends of the left median and ulnar nerves were connected to the central cut ends of the right median and ulnar nerves with a sciatic nerve graft at 8 weeks of age. Eight weeks after the operation, the responses in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) elicited by vibratory stimulation applied to the left forepaw were visualized based on activity-dependent flavoprotein fluorescence changes...
2018: PloS One
Atsushi Mihara, Tsukasa Kanchiku, Norihiro Nishida, Haruki Tagawa, Junji Ohgi, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Masahiro Funaba, Daisuke Nakashima, Xian Chen, Toshihiko Taguchi
Adult brachial plexus injuries frequently lead to significant and permanent physical disabilities. Investigating the mechanism of the injury using biomechanical approaches may lead to further knowledge with regard to preventing brachial plexus injuries. However, there are no reports of biomechanical studies of brachial plexus injuries till date. Therefore, the present study used a complex three-dimensional finite element model (3D-FEM) of the brachial plexus to analyze the mechanism of brachial plexus injury and to assess the validity of the model...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
John A I Grossman, Andrew Price, Harvey Chim
Brachial plexus birth injuries are rare, with treatment and follow-up often required from infancy until skeletal maturity. We review complications that may occur related to primary nerve surgery or secondary musculoskeletal procedures, and discuss how these may be avoided.
February 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
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