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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#1
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136416/daily-shoulder-pain-among-flight-baggage-handlers-and-its-association-with-work-tasks-and-upper-arm-postures-on-the-same-day
#2
Eva L Bergsten, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Lydia Kwak, Eva Vingård
Objectives: This study of flight baggage handlers aimed at examining the extent to which shoulder pain developed during single work shifts, and whether a possible development was associated with biomechanical exposures and psychosocial factors during the same shift. Methods: Data were collected during, in total, 82 work shifts in 44 workers. Right and left shoulder pain intensity was rated just before and just after the shift (VAS scale 0-100 mm). Objective data on 'time in extreme' and 'time in neutral' upper arm postures were obtained for the full shift using accelerometers, and the baggage handlers registered the number of 'aircrafts handled' in a diary...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135638/mountain-biking-injuries
#3
Majid Ansari, Ruhollah Nourian, Morteza Khodaee
With the increasing popularity of mountain biking, also known as off-road cycling, and the riders pushing the sport into extremes, there has been a corresponding increase in injury. Almost two thirds of acute injuries involve the upper extremities, and a similar proportion of overuse injuries affect the lower extremities. Mountain biking appears to be a high-risk sport for severe spine injuries. New trends of injury patterns are observed with popularity of mountain bike trail parks and freeride cycling. Using protective gear, improving technical proficiency, and physical fitness may somewhat decrease the risk of injuries...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125566/botulinum-toxin-in-management-of-limb-tremor
#4
REVIEW
Elina Zakin, David Simpson
Essential tremor is characterized by persistent, usually bilateral and symmetric, postural or kinetic activation of agonist and antagonist muscles involving either the distal or proximal upper extremity. Quality of life is often affected and one's ability to perform daily tasks becomes impaired. Oral therapies, including propranolol and primidone, can be effective in the management of essential tremor, although adverse effects can limit their use and about 50% of individuals lack response to oral pharmacotherapy...
November 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042171/development-of-a-computerized-adaptive-testing-system-of-the-functional-assessment-of-stroke
#5
Gong-Hong Lin, Yi-Jing Huang, Shih-Chieh Lee, Sheau-Ling Huang, Ching-Lin Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: To develop a computerized adaptive testing system of the Functional Assessment of Stroke (CAT-FAS) to assess upper- and lower-extremity (UE/LE) motor function, postural control, and basic activities of daily living (BADL) with optimal efficiency and without sacrificing psychometric properties in patients with stroke. DESIGN: Simulation study using the data from a previous study. Participants were assessed with the UE/LE subscales of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (UE-FM/LE-FM), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke patients (PASS), and Barthel Index (BI) at 14- and 30-day after stroke...
October 14, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988262/playing-the-clarinet-influence-of-body-posture-on-muscle-activity-and-sound-quality
#6
V Ae Baadjou, Mdf van Eijsden-Besseling, Jamcf Verbunt, R A de Bie, Rpj Geers, Rjem Smeets, Ham Seelen
Musculoskeletal complaints are highly prevalent in clarinetists and are related to high arm load while playing. It is hypothesized that postural exercise therapy may be used to adapt muscle activity patterns while playing and thus contribute to better sound quality. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body posture, muscle activity, and sound quality in clarinetists while playing the instrument in two different postures, their habitual sitting posture (control, CO) vs an experimental sitting posture (EXP) based on Mensendieck postural exercise therapy, method Samama...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958420/characterizing-exposure-to-physical-risk-factors-among-reforestation-hand-planters-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#7
Robert F Granzow, Mark C Schall, Mathew F Smidt, Howard Chen, Nathan B Fethke, Rong Huangfu
Low back and neck/shoulder pain are commonly reported among reforestation hand planters. While some studies have documented the intensive cardiovascular demands of hand planting, limited information is available regarding exposures to physical risk factors associated with the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among hand planters. This study used surface electromyography (EMG) and inertial measurement units (IMUs) to characterize the muscle activation patterns, upper arm and trunk postures, movement velocities, and physical activity (PA) of fourteen Southeastern reforestation hand planters over one work shift...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922081/clinical-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-chronic-traumatic-cervical-myelopathy-a-case-report
#8
Justin Bridges, Roberto Sandoval
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is limited evidence supporting the conservative management of patients with cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this report is to describe the intervention and outcomes of conservative physical therapy interventions for one patient with chronic cervical myelopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case was a 50-year-old male who sustained a neck injury following a rear-end collision 4 years prior to this therapeutic episode. The patient presented with decreased range of motion in the cervical spine and right upper extremity, strength deficits, altered sensation, poor posture, and reported chronic cervical region pain and difficulty sleeping...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916583/a-balance-and-proprioception-intervention-programme-to-enhance-combat-performance-in-military-personnel
#9
Shany Funk, T Jacob, D Ben-Dov, E Yanovich, O Tirosh, N Steinberg
BACKGROUND: Optimal functioning of the lower extremities under repeated movements on unstable surfaces is essential for military effectiveness. Intervention training to promote proprioceptive ability should be considered in order to limit the risk for musculoskeletal injuries. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a proprioceptive intervention programme on static and dynamic postural balance among Israel Defense Forces combat soldiers. METHODS: Twenty-seven male soldiers, aged 18-20 years, from a physical fitness instructor's course, were randomly divided into two groups matched by age and army unit...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904258/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers-in-china-results-from-a-national-web-based-survey
#10
Danying Zhang, Hanlin Huang
OBJECTIVES: The aims of present study were to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) among sonographers in China and to provide evidence for appropriate intervention measures to be taken. METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was used to screen WRMSDs experienced by sonographers during the past 12 months. This questionnaire survey was created and hosted on the WeChat official account platform for sonographers. RESULTS: In the present study, 567 sonographers from 521 medical institutions completed the questionnaire...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875772/atypical-caudal-regression-syndrome-with-agenesis-of-lumbar-spine-and-presence-of-sacrum-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Edyta Szumera, Barbara Jasiewicz, Tomasz Potaczek
Context Caudal regression syndrome is a rare disorder, not well described in the literature. Findings Authors treated two patients with congenital absence of thoracolumbar vertebrae and lower limbs paraplegia. Patients had hypoplasia of the lower trunk and extremities with motion between upper and lower torso. Imaging showed caudal spine agenesis, but cleft sacrum was present. Due to severe kyphotic deformity and spinal instability, deformity correction and posterior fusion was performed at the age 6 and 8...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863296/associations-of-prolonged-standing-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-a-systematic-review-of-laboratory-studies
#12
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Sharon Parry, Lisa Willenberg, Joyce W Shi, Lorena Romero, Diana M Blackwood, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
While prolonged standing has shown to be detrimentally associated with musculoskeletal symptoms, exposure limits and underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We systematically reviewed evidence from laboratory studies on musculoskeletal symptom development during prolonged (≥20min) uninterrupted standing, quantified acute dose-response associations and described underlying mechanisms. Peer-reviewed articles were systematically searched for. Data from included articles were tabulated, and dose-response associations were statistically pooled...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836461/a-musculoskeletal-model-to-estimate-the-relative-changes-in-wrist-strength-due-to-interacting-wrist-and-forearm-postures
#13
Nicholas J La Delfa, Jim R Potvin
Wrist rotations about one wrist axis (e.g. flexion/extension) can affect the strength about another wrist axis (e.g. radial/ulnar deviation). This study used a musculoskeletal model of the distal upper extremity, and an optimization approach, to quantify the interaction effects of wrist flexion/extension (FE), radial/ulnar deviation (RUD) and forearm pronation/supination (PS) on wrist strength. Regression equations were developed to predict the relative changes in strength from the neutral posture, so that the changes in strength, due to complex and interacting wrist and forearm rotation postures, can be incorporated within future ergonomics assessments of wrist strength...
October 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#14
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737365/vim-thalamotomy-in-the-treatment-of-holmes-tremor-secondary-to-hiv-associated-midbrain-lesion-a-case-report
#15
José O Oliveira, Soraya A Jorge Cecilio, Matheus Fernandes Oliveira, Leonardo R Takahashi, Alexandro R Galassi, Vanessa M Holanda, José M Rotta
Holmes' tremor (rubral tremor, cerebellar outflow tremor) is characterized by rest, intention and postural tremor, often localized to one upper extremity, associated with ipsilateral dysmetria and dysdiadochokinesia. We describe a case of successful treatment of Holmes' tremor with unilateral nucleus ventralis intermedius (VIM) thalamotomy. The subject is a 43-year-old woman with unremarkable previous medical history. She presented with complete left hemiparesis in the context of human immunodeficiency syndrome and the magnetic resonance image disclosed a contrast-enhancing lesion in right brain peduncle, in topography of red nucleus...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736791/control-of-standing-balance-at-leaning-postures-with-functional-neuromuscular-stimulation-following-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Musa L Audu, Brooke M Odle, Ronald J Triolo
This study systematically explored the potential of applying feedback control of functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) for stabilizing various erect and leaning standing postures after spinal cord injury (SCI). Perturbations ranging from 2 to 6% body weight were applied to two subjects with motor complete thoracic level SCI who were proficient at standing with implanted multichannel neural stimulators to activate the ankle, knee, hip and trunk muscles. The subjects stood with four different postures: erect, forward, forward-right and forward-left...
July 24, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689174/construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-revised-upper-extremity-work-demands-uewd-r-scale
#17
Miriam A Cavalini, Redmar J Berduszek, Corry K van der Sluis
BACKGROUND: The revised Upper Extremity Work Demand (UEWD-R) Scale is a six-item self-report questionnaire to measure the workload of the upper limbs. UEWD-R consists of a force/posture scale and a repetition scale. Psychometric properties are unknown so far. PURPOSE: Assess the construct validity and the test-retest reliability of UEWD-R. METHOD: Participants from different levels of physical work demands (based on the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) categories) were included...
October 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658591/exploring-the-relationship-of-task-performance-and-physical-and-cognitive-fatigue-during-a-daylong-light-precision-task
#18
Marcus Yung, Rahim Manji, Richard P Wells
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the relationship between fatigue and operation system performance during a simulated light precision task over an 8-hr period using a battery of physical (central and peripheral) and cognitive measures. BACKGROUND: Fatigue may play an important role in the relationship between poor ergonomics and deficits in quality and productivity. However, well-controlled laboratory studies in this area have several limitations, including the lack of work relevance of fatigue exposures and lack of both physical and cognitive measures...
November 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651530/perspectives-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-a-stroke-rehabilitation-guidelines-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sarah E P Munce, Ian D Graham, Nancy M Salbach, Susan B Jaglal, Carol L Richards, Janice J Eng, Johanne Desrosiers, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Nancy E Mayo, Robert W Teasell, Merrick Zwarenstein, Jennifer Mokry, Sandra Black, Mark T Bayley
BACKGROUND: The Stroke Canada Optimization of Rehabilitation by Evidence Implementation Trial (SCORE-IT) was a cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated two knowledge translation (KT) interventions for the promotion of the uptake of best practice recommendations for interventions targeting upper and lower extremity function, postural control, and mobility. Twenty rehabilitation centers across Canada were randomly assigned to either the facilitated or passive KT intervention. The objective of the current study was to understand the factors influencing the implementation of the recommended treatments and KT interventions from the perspective of nurses, occupational therapists and physical therapists, and clinical managers following completion of the trial...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637127/clinical-utility-of-the-modified-trunk-impairment-scale-for-stroke-survivors
#20
YunBok Lee, SeungHeon An, GyuChang Lee
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the discriminant power of the modified Trunk Impairment Scale (mTIS) in stroke survivors versus healthy adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-five subjects with stroke and 29 healthy adults. METHODS: Subjects were examined using the mTIS, Berg Balance Scale, and Timed Up and Go test for balance; 5-m Walk Test and Functional Ambulation Category for gait; Fugl-Meyer Assessment for motor function; Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke-Trunk Control and Trunk Control Test for trunk control; and Modified Barthel Index for activities of daily living performance...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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