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Sport psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826314/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-dutch-elite-athletes
#1
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in elite sports is scarce. Consequently, the objectives of the study were to (i) establish the 12-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use, eating disorders) among Dutch elite athletes and (ii) explore their potential association with several stressors (being injured, recent life events, career dissatisfaction). METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 12-month follow-up period was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818063/variations-in-adolescents-motivational-characteristics-across-gender-and-physical-activity-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#2
Margaret Lawler, Caroline Heary, Elizabeth Nixon
BACKGROUND: Neglecting to take account of the underlying context or type of physical activity (PA) that underpins overall involvement has resulted in a limited understanding of adolescents' PA participation. The purpose of the present research was to identify male and female adolescents' leisure time PA patterns and examine whether psychological processes derived from self-determination theory differ as a function of the pattern of PA undertaken. METHODS: Nine hundred ninety-five students (61...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817645/translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-simplified-chinese-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi-scale
#3
Tianwu Chen, Peng Zhang, Yunxia Li, Kate Webster, Jian Zhang, Wei Yao, Yue Yin, Chingchong Ai, Shiyi Chen
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury (ACL-RSI) into simplified Chinese [ACL-RSI (Cn)]. METHOD: In this diagnostic study, the translation, cross-culturally adaptation, and validation of the ACL-RSI was performed according to international guidelines. A total of 112 patients with ACL reconstruction participated in this study. All were capable of competitive sports before the injury and completed the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome (KOOS), the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and the Tegner activity score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813366/editorial-overview-trending-topics-in-sport-psychology
#4
EDITORIAL
Peter J Beek, R I Vana Hutter, Raôul Rd Oudejans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813365/-yes-we-can-review-on-team-confidence-in-sports
#5
REVIEW
Katrien Fransen, Niels Mertens, Deborah Feltz, Filip Boen
During the last decade, team confidence has received more and more attention in the sport psychology literature. Research has demonstrated that athletes who are more confident in their team's abilities exert more effort, set more challenging goals, are more resilient when facing adversities, and ultimately perform better. This article reviews the existing literature in order to provide more clarity in terms of the conceptualization and the operationalization of team confidence. We thereby distinguish between collective efficacy (i...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813363/psychosocial-factors-and-sport-injuries-prediction-prevention-and-future-research-directions
#6
REVIEW
Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson
This review provides an overview of recent theoretical and empirical developments regarding psychosocial factors related to the prediction and prevention of sport injuries, and highlights some of the most interesting areas of investigation that have been carried out in the past few years. For instance, a systematic review of the most cited and used theoretical framework in the field has recently been performed, which supports the model's suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813361/transformational-leadership-in-sport-current-status-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Calum A Arthur, Nicolas Bastardoz, Robert Eklund
Borrowed from organizational psychology, the concept of transformational leadership has now been applied to a sport context for a decade. Our review covers and critically discusses empirical articles published on this growing topic. However, because the majority of studies used cross-sectional designs and single-source questionnaires to tap what has been a fuzzy construct, current theoretical and methodological issues impede understanding of whether transformational leadership matters for sport outcomes. To make a difference to applied practice and policy, the transformational leadership construct requires a refined definition and stronger empirical tests allowing for robust causal inference...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813359/the-psychology-of-doping
#8
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Elbe, Vassilis Barkoukis
Doping is increasingly becoming a problem in both elite and recreational sports. It is therefore important to understand the psychological factors which can explain doping behavior in order to prevent it. The present paper briefly presents evidence on the prevalence of doping use in competitive sports and the measurement approaches to assess doping behavior and doping-related variables. Furthermore, the integrative theoretical approaches used to describe the psychological processes underlying doping use are discussed...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813357/anticipation-in-sport
#9
REVIEW
Florian Loffing, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
Anticipation has become an increasingly important research area within sport psychology since its infancy in the late 1970s. Early work has increased our fundamental understanding of skilled anticipation in sports and how this skill is developed. With increasing theoretical and practical insights and concurrent technological advancements, researchers are now able to tackle more detailed questions with sophisticated methods. Despite this welcomed progress, some fundamental questions and challenges remain to be addressed, including the (relative) contributions of visual and motor experience to anticipation, intraindividual and interindividual variation in gaze behaviour, and the impact of non-kinematic (contextual or situational) information on performance and its interaction with advanced kinematic cues during the planning and execution of (re)actions in sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813354/new-directions-in-the-psychology-of-optimal-performance-in-sport-flow-and-clutch-states
#10
REVIEW
Christian Swann, Lee Crust, Stewart A Vella
Csikszentmihalyi's conceptualisation of flow is the primary framework for understanding the psychology of optimal experience and performance in sport. However, emerging evidence suggests a more dynamic, multi-state perspective. This review focuses primarily on recent studies highlighting a second, overlapping 'clutch' state which - in addition to flow - underlies optimal performance in sport. We also examine how the nature of goals ('open' or 'fixed') athletes pursue influence the experience of flow and clutch respectively...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813353/motor-cognition-and-neuroscience-in-sport-psychology
#11
REVIEW
Paul S Holmes, David J Wright
Advances in technology have allowed research in cognitive neuroscience to contribute significantly to the discipline of sport psychology. In most cases, the research has become more rigorous and has directed current thinking on the mechanisms subserving a number of psychological theories and models of practice. Currently, the three most common neuroscience techniques informing sport and exercise research are electroencephalography, transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813352/optimizing-motivation-and-attention-for-motor-performance-and-learning
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca Lewthwaite, Gabriele Wulf
We review three lines of recent research at an intersection of motor learning and sport psychology as they relate to motor skill acquisition: enhanced expectancies, autonomy support, and external attentional focus. Findings within these lines of research have been integrated into a new theory, the OPTIMAL (Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning) theory (i.e., OPTIMAL theory, Wulf and Lewthwaite, 2016), and have been applied in motor skill acquisition and performance. Implications range from more effective skill development in children and novice performers to athletes and performers in many fields, including clinical rehabilitation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813351/motor-heuristics-and-embodied-choices-how-to-choose-and-act
#13
REVIEW
Markus Raab
Human performance requires choosing what to do and how to do it. The goal of this theoretical contribution is to advance understanding of how the motor and cognitive components of choices are intertwined. From a holistic perspective I extend simple heuristics that have been tested in cognitive tasks to motor tasks, coining the term motor heuristics. Similarly I extend the concept of embodied cognition, that has been tested in simple sensorimotor processes changing decisions, to complex sport behavior coining the term embodied choices...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813347/mindfulness-based-and-acceptance-based-interventions-in-sport-and-performance-contexts
#14
REVIEW
Frank L Gardner, Zella E Moore
Since mindfulness-based and acceptance-based practice models were first conceptualized and applied in sport in an attempt to enhance performance and overall well-being of athletes and performers, these state-of-the-art theoretical and practice models have substantially broadened our knowledge base and have been successfully incorporated into sport and performance practice domains worldwide. Evolving from a sound empirical foundation, mindfulness-based and acceptance-based models in sport psychology have accumulated a strong basic and applied empirical foundation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813346/current-opinion-in-clinical-sport-psychology-from-athletic-performance-to-psychological-well-being
#15
REVIEW
Zella E Moore, Kehana Bonagura
Clinical sport psychology (CSP) is a contemporary, empirically informed model that employs a scope, style, and mode of practice built upon cutting-edge findings from both clinical and sport sciences, and that follows the sound methodological traditions of clinical psychology [1(••)]. Conceptualizing athletic performance and well-being through the context of empirical research in both athletic and nonathletic domains of functioning, CSP practice can involve the enhancement of athletic performance, and also the personal development and psychological well-being of performers...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813344/mental-toughness-progress-and-prospects
#16
REVIEW
Daniel F Gucciardi
Mental toughness (MT) has become a popular area of investigation and practice within sport and exercise psychology over the past two decades. Since the turn of the twenty first century, there have been hundreds of studies published on mental toughness, yet concerns remain about the conceptualisation and measurement of mental toughness. In this paper, I take stock of past work with the goal of clarifying and elaborating the most fundamental and common aspects of MT. I also look to the future and outline key substantive and methodological issues that may offer the greatest potential for refining the conceptualisation of MT and contributing to theory building on this concept...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813343/prevalence-of-interpersonal-violence-against-athletes-in-the-sport-context
#17
REVIEW
Sylvie Parent, Kristine Fortier
Despite progress in recent years on understanding the magnitude of the problem of interpersonal violence against athletes in the sport context, this research area is still very understudied. Yet, many researchers have advocated for the urgent need to carry out prevalence studies in this field to base prevention efforts on empirical evidence and to convince public decision makers about the necessity to address this issue. The present paper widens the focus on violence in sport, beyond the traditional player and spectator violence literature...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813342/recent-developments-in-team-resilience-research-in-elite-sport
#18
REVIEW
Paul Bc Morgan, David Fletcher, Mustafa Sarkar
In this paper we review recent developments in team resilience research in elite sport. Although resilience has become a popular and well-researched topic from an individual (psychological) perspective, less attention has been paid to whether this construct is conceptually and operationally robust at a group level. In this review, we provide an overview of definitional aspects of team resilience followed by an outline of research in the general psychology literature, and a discussion of the findings of the first two studies of team resilience in elite sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813339/ethical-issues-in-sport-psychology
#19
REVIEW
Jack C Watson, William C Way, Robert C Hilliard
The field of sport psychology is dynamic and growing. To continue building credibility with the public and allied professionals, effective and ethical practice is crucial. Advances in technology have allowed sport psychology professionals to consult with athletes from a distance, but practitioners must be mindful of their competency to use technology, confidentiality concerns, and the suitability of technology for their clients. Movement toward defining competency and clarifying issues of title usage are additional areas in which the field is gaining momentum...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813337/professional-development-for-sport-psychology-practice
#20
REVIEW
David Tod, R I Vana Hutter, Martin Eubank
Applied sport psychology practice and research date back to the late 19th century. During this period investigators have largely examined the interventions practitioners employ to help athletes. More recently, researchers have begun addressing the person employing those interventions, including identifying their attributes and how they develop expertise, in recognition that practitioners are central to effective practice. Research focused on practitioners can inform educational and registration pathways, helping trainees to develop the knowledge, skills, and characteristics needed to meet their clients' needs...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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