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Sport psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910451/the-relationship-between-trail-running-withdrawals-and-race-topography
#1
Antonini Philippe Roberta, Rochat Nadège, Crettaz Von Roten Fabienne, Hauw Denis
Context: A growing amount of recent research in sport psychology has focused on trying to understand withdrawals from ultra-races. However, according to the Four E approach, the studies underestimated the embedded components of these experiences and particularly how they were linked to the specific environmental conditions in which the experiences occurred. Objective : This study aimed to characterize trail running withdrawals in relationship to race topography. Design : Qualitative design, involving self-confrontation interviews and use of a race map...
December 5, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910352/flourishing-affect-and-relative-autonomy-in-adult-exercisers-a-within-person-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-perspective
#2
Zişan Kazak Çetinkalp, Marc Lochbaum
Flourishing is a construct used to understand human growth. Exercise psychology research is scant concerning this valuable construct. Hence, our purpose was to examine different levels of flourishing and related constructs within a large group of self-reported exercisers from a basic psychological need profile perspective. Participants were 389 female and 387 male adults attending fitness centers. Hierarchical cluster analyses revealed the presence of three clusters with significantly different psychological need profiles across the three basic needs...
May 25, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910308/links-between-adolescent-athletes-prosocial-behavior-and-relationship-with-parents-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Aušra Lisinskienė, Marc Lochbaum
Adolescent relationships with parents are of the highest importance. The relationships likely reflect the nature of internal working models in youth sport that may well function as a psychological template during the construction of youth prosocial behavior. However, researchers' focus to date has concerned specific aspects of parental practices in child-based sporting activities. There is a lack of research covering parent-athlete interpersonal relationships concerned with how the relationships affect adolescent prosocial behavior...
January 17, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909232/load-distribution-on-the-foot-and-lofstrand-crutches-of-amputee-football-players
#4
Yasar Tatar, Nejla Gercek, Nusret Ramazanoglu, Irfan Gulmez, Selda Uzun, Goktug Sanli, Cengiz Karagozoglu, Hasan Birol Cotuk
BACKGROUND: Amputee football is a worldwide popular sport with positive physical and psychological effects on the disabled. Amputee players use their hands dominantly for locomotion. However, the effect of using upper extremity which is not accommodated to loading is not very well known. RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of this study was to determine the load distribution of amputee football players during walking, running and kicking the ball. METHODS: This study was conducted with 15 certified amputee football players (age 24...
June 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909164/-is-it-possible-to-practice-sports-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#5
Charles Guenancia, Rodrigue Garcia
Why? The potential risks of sport for an ICD recipient include appropriate and inappropriate shocks, device damage and worsening of the underlying cardiopathy. These risks should be compared to the physical and psychological benefits of exercise. Where? Due to different medico-legal contexts and considering the results of recent studies, the new US guidelines are more permissive than the European guidelines regarding sport practice in ICD recipients. Who? The underlying context (structural or electrical cardiopathy, psychological impact) should be assessed before any decision is taken...
June 13, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901414/longitudinal-clinical-and-neuroimaging-evaluation-of-symptomatic-concussion-in-10-14-year-old-youth-athletes
#6
Christine L MacDonald, Jason Barber, Jason Wright, David Coppel, Nina De Lacy, Steve Ottinger, Suzanne Peck, Chris Panks, Samantha Sun, Kody Zalewski, Nancy Temkin
This study longitudinally assessed 10-14-year-old patients with sports and recreational concussion (n=22) who remained symptomatic 3-4 weeks post-injury compared to typically developing controls (n=24). Examination by multimodal MRI and multidomain clinical outcome measures was completed at 1-month and 6-months post-injury. Concussion patients showed evidence of improvement by 6-month follow up in domains of cognitive function while measures of psychological health were less resolved with patients exhibiting sustained symptoms of depression, behavior impairment, and concussion symptoms...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895233/psychological-and-functional-readiness-for-sport-following-advanced-group-training-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#7
Adam Meierbachtol, William Yungtum, Eric Paur, John Bottoms, Terese L Chmielewski
Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Background Decreased psychological readiness for sport contributes to poor return to sport rates after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Advanced ACLR rehabilitation is used to improve functional readiness for sport, but the effect on psychological readiness is unknown. Objective To examine changes in psychological and functional measures, and readiness for sport based on these measures, in patients with ACLR following advanced group training. Methods Patients with primary ACLR enrolled in a 5-week group training program after completing traditional physical therapy...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883372/predicting-athletes-pre-exercise-fluid-intake-a-theoretical-integration-approach
#8
Chunxiao Li, Feng-Hua Sun, Liancheng Zhang, Derwin King Chung Chan
Pre-exercise fluid intake is an important healthy behavior for maintaining athletes’ sports performances and health. However, athletes’ behavioral adherence to fluid intake and its underlying psychological mechanisms have not been investigated. This prospective study aimed to use a health psychology model that integrates the self-determination theory and the theory of planned behavior for understanding pre-exercise fluid intake among athletes. Participants ( n = 179) were athletes from college sport teams who completed surveys at two time points...
May 21, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867682/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-increasing-pain-tolerance-and-improving-the-mental-health-of-injured-athletes
#9
Warhel Asim Mohammed, Athanasios Pappous, Dinkar Sharma
Literature indicates that injured athletes face both physical and psychological distress after they have been injured. In this study, a Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) was utilised as an intervention for use during the period of recovery with injured athletes and, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study using MBSR as an intervention for this purpose. Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the role of MBSR practise in reducing the perception of pain and decreasing anxiety/stress, as well as increasing pain tolerance and mindfulness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867672/associations-between-motivation-and-mental-health-in-sport-a-test-of-the-hierarchical-model-of-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-motivation
#10
Rachel B Sheehan, Matthew P Herring, Mark J Campbell
Motivation has been the subject of much research in the sport psychology literature, whereas athlete mental health has received limited attention. Motivational complexities in elite sport are somewhat reflected in the mental health literature, where there is evidence for both protective and risk factors for athletes. Notably, few studies have linked motivation to mental health. Therefore, the key objective of this study was to test four mental health outcomes in the motivational sequence posited by the Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: motivational climate → basic psychological needs → motivation → mental health outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860237/low-energy-availability-surrogates-correlate-with-health-and-performance-consequences-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport
#11
Kathryn E Ackerman, Bryan Holtzman, Katherine M Cooper, Erin F Flynn, Georgie Bruinvels, Adam S Tenforde, Kristin L Popp, Andrew J Simpkin, Allyson L Parziale
Low energy availability (EA) is suspected to be the underlying cause of both the Female Athlete Triad and the more recently defined syndrome, Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S). The International Olympic Committee (IOC) defined RED-S as a syndrome of health and performance impairments resulting from an energy deficit. While the importance of adequate EA is generally accepted, few studies have attempted to understand whether low EA is associated with the health and performance consequences posited by the IOC...
June 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848870/-historical-transition-of-sexuality-education-in-japan-and-outline-of-reproductive-health-rights
#12
Emiko Nishioka
In this paper, we describe the historical transition of sexuality education in Japan and the direction of sexuality education taken by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Reproductive health/rights, a key concept in sex education, is also discussed. In Japanese society, discussion on sexuality has long been considered taboo. After the Second World War, sexuality education in Japan began as "purity education." From 1960 until the early 1970s, physical aspects such as genital organs, function, secondary sexual characteristics, and gender differences were emphasized...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848161/an-integrated-multifactorial-approach-to-periodization-for-optimal-performance-in-individual-and-team-sports
#13
REVIEW
Iñigo Mujika, Shona Halson, Louise M Burke, Gloria Balagué, Damian Farrow
Sports periodization has traditionally focused on the exercise aspect of athletic preparation, while neglecting the integration of other elements that can impact an athlete's readiness for peak competition performances. Integrated periodization allows the coordinated inclusion of multiple training components best suited for a given training phase into an athlete's program. The aim of this article is to review the available evidence underpinning integrated periodization, focusing on exercise training, recovery, nutrition, psychological skills, and skill acquisition as key factors by which athletic preparation can be periodized...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806752/meeting-report-growth-and-social-environment-proceedings-of-the-25th-aschauer-soiree-held-at-krobielowice-poland-november-18th-2017
#14
Slawomir Kozie, Christiane Scheffler, Janina Tutkuviene, Egle Marija Jakimaviciene, Rebekka Mumm, Davide Barbieri, Elena Godina, Mortada El-Shabrawi, Mona Elhusseini, Martin Musalek, Paulina Pruszkowska-Przybylska, Hanaa H El Dash, Hebatalla Hassan Safar, Andreas Lehmann, James Swanson, Barry Bogin, Yuk-Chien Liu, Detlef Groth, Sylvia Kirchengast, Anna Siniarska, Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka, Miroslav Králík, Takashi Satake, Tomasz Hanć, Mathieu Roelants, Michael Hermanussen
Twenty-two scientists met at Krobielowice, Poland, to discuss the impact of the social environment, spatial proximity, migration, poverty, but also psychological factors such as body perception and satisfaction, and social stressors such as elite sports, and teenage pregnancies, on child and adolescent growth. The data analysis included linear mixed effects models with different random effects, Monte Carlo analyses, and network simulations. The work stressed the importance of the peer group, but also included historic material, some considerations about body proportions, and growth in chronic liver, and congenital heart disease...
April 2018: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#15
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788071/educating-australian-musicians-are-we-playing-it-safe
#16
Suzanne Wijsman, Bronwen J Ackermann
The effectiveness of health promotion through arts engagement, and the health benefits and social importance of music in particular, are becoming increasingly recognized. However, like sport, music-making is an athletic endeavour, one that often involves high physiological and psychological loadings on the bodies and minds of musicians. Research over the past 30 years has revealed alarming rates of injury among musicians, and has identified health risk factors associated with music performance faced by professional and student musicians...
May 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785860/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-teamwork-in-sport
#17
Desmond McEwan, Bruno D Zumbo, Mark A Eys, Mark R Beauchamp
The purpose of this research was to develop a questionnaire to assess the multidimensional construct of teamwork in sport and to examine various aspects of validity related to that instrument. A preliminary questionnaire was first created, and feedback on this instrument was then obtained from a sample of team-sport athletes (n = 30) and experts in sport psychology (n = 8). A modified version of the questionnaire was then completed by 607 athletes from 48 teams, and 5 multilevel confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the structural properties of data derived from this instrument...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#18
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778590/sternoclavicular-joint-palpation-pain-the-shoulder-s-waddell-sign
#19
Brent A Ponce, Adam T Archie, Shawna L Watson, Parke W Hudson, Mariano E Menendez, Gerald McGwin, Eugene W Brabston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex and subjective reality and can be magnified by nonorganic or nonanatomic sources. Multiple studies have demonstrated a correlation between psychological factors and patients' perceptions of musculoskeletal pain and disability. In addition, nonorganic findings as part of the physical examination are well and long recognized. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between a shoulder examination test, palpation of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), and psychosocial conditions including chronic pain, depression, and anxiety...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773085/psychometric-properties-of-dispositional-hope-scale-for-brazilian-sport-context
#20
Caio Rosas Moreira, José Roberto Andrade Nascimento-Junior, Renan Codonhato, Lenamar Fiorese
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS) for the Brazilian sport context. The sample for construct validity consisted of 474 athletes; internal validity was assessed with 101 athletes; and external validity was tested in 81 athletes, from which, were 55 had further participated in the temporal stability assessment. Data analysis was conducted through the following tests: Cronbach's alpha, Composite Reliability (CR), Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), Spearman Correlation Coefficient and intraclass correlation...
May 18, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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