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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639825/sync-or-separate-no-compelling-evidence-for-unintentional-interpersonal-coordination-between-usain-bolt-and-tyson-gay-on-the-100-meter-world-record-race
#1
Frank Blikslager, Harjo J de Poel
In a recent observation article in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance (JEP:HPP; Varlet & Richardson, 2015) the 100-m sprint final of the World Championship in Athletics in Berlin of 2009 (i.e., the current world record race) was analyzed. That study reported occurrence of spontaneous, unintentional interpersonal synchronization between Usain Bolt and Tyson Gay, the respective winner and runner-up of that race. In the present commentary article, however, we argue that the results and conclusion of that study cannot be warranted because of methodological shortcomings...
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622487/an-integrated-model-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#2
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Synopsis The development of persistent symptoms following whiplash injury from a motor vehicle collision (MVC) is common and contributes substantially to societal and personal costs. The popular Quebec Task Force (QTF) classification system of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) was meant to function as a prognostic and intervention decision aid, but its usefulness has been questioned. Emerging evidence highlights the heterogeneity of WAD by demonstrating physical and psychological impairments that are unique to those who develop persistent symptoms...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606607/state-of-the-art-review-atrial-fibrillation-in-athletes
#3
REVIEW
M Darragh Flannery, Jonathan M Kalman, Prashanthan Sanders, André La Gerche
Exercise has substantial health benefits with pleomorphic vascular, metabolic, psychological and anti-neoplastic actions resulting in improved quality of life and longevity. Despite these many benefits, numerous studies have shown that endurance athletes are more likely to develop atrial fibrillation (AF) than non-athletes. The type, intensity and amount of sport appears to influence the risk of developing AF. Several endurance sport activities have been shown to increase the risk of developing AF but an excess in AF has not been shown in non-endurance sports...
June 3, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605209/pacing-and-self-regulation-important-skills-for-talent-development-in-endurance-sports
#4
Marije T Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J Hettinga
Pacing has been characterized as a multi-faceted goal-directed process of decision-making in which athletes need to decide how and when to invest their energy during the race, a process essential for optimal performance. Both physiological as well as psychological characteristics associated with adequate pacing and performance are known to develop with age. Consequently, the multi-faceted skill of pacing might be under construction throughout adolescence as well. Therefore, we propose that the complex skill of pacing is a potential important performance characteristic for talented youth athletes, that needs to be developed throughout adolescence...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604286/growth-functional-capacities-and-motivation-for-achievement-and-competitiveness-in-youth-basketball-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#5
Humberto Moreira Carvalho, Carlos E Gonçalves, Dave Collins, Roberto R Paes
The interaction of multiple influences on the path to sport success is not yet fully understood by sport scientists. In this study, we examined variation in body size, functional capacities and motivation for achievement, competitiveness and deliberate practice of youth basketball players associated with differences in biological maturity status, chronological age and years of training experience. Reflecting the importance of interactive effects, we examined the relationships between the psychological variables and functional capacities...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603507/making-champs-and-super-champs-current-views-contradictions-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
David J Collins, Aine Macnamara
In our 2016 paper (Collins et al., 2016a), we proposed that superchamps (athletes who have achieved the highest level in their sport) were differentiated from their less successful counterparts by their use of positive proactive coping and a "learn from it" approach to challenge. This skill-based focus to talent development (TD) is supported extensively in the literature (e.g., MacNamara et al., 2010a,b) and suggests that the differences between levels of adult achievement relate more to what performers bring to the challenges than what they experience (Collins et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#7
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588518/-i-want-it-all-and-i-want-it-now-lifetime-prevalence-and-reasons-for-using-and-abstaining-from-controlled-performance-and-appearance-enhancing-substances-paes-among-young-exercisers-and-amateur-athletes-in-five-european-countries
#8
Lambros Lazuras, Vassilis Barkoukis, Andreas Loukovitis, Ralf Brand, Andy Hudson, Luca Mallia, Michalis Michaelides, Milena Muzi, Andrea Petróczi, Arnaldo Zelli
Doping use in recreational sports is an emerging issue that has received limited attention so far in the psychological literature. The present study assessed the lifetime prevalence of controlled performance and appearance enhancing substances (PAES), and used behavioral reasoning theory to identify the reasons for using and for avoiding using controlled PAES in young exercisers across five European countries, in the context of the "SAFE YOU" Project. Participants were 915 young amateur athletes and exercisers (M = 21...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581692/examining-the-effects-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-on-performance-outcomes-in-elite-paralympic-athletes
#9
Andrew G Wood, Jamie B Barker, Martin Turner, David Sheffield
Traditionally a psychotherapeutic intervention, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is receiving increasing attention within the extant literature as an intervention to enhance the athletic performance and psychological wellbeing of competitive athletes. Whilst the benefits of REBT on psychological health are established, less is understood about the effects on athletic performance. The present study aimed to examine the immediate and maintained effects of REBT on physiological, psychological, and performance outcomes with elite Paralympic athletes...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572783/a-structural-model-of-self-efficacy-in-handball-referees
#10
Pierluigi Diotaiuti, Lavinia Falese, Stefania Mancone, Francesco Purromuto
The study aimed to identify factors predicting self-efficacy in a sample of 248 Italian handball referees. The main hypothesis was that perception of teamwork efficacy would be a significant predictor of self-efficacy in handball referees. Participants completed an online questionnaire including Referee Self-Efficacy Scale (α = 0.85), Self-Determination Scale (α = 0.78), and an adaptation for Referees of the Sport Commitment Model (α = 0.80). Two hierarchical regression analyses have identified: (1) Enjoyment (β = 0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571017/can-we-better-integrate-the-role-of-anti-doping-in-sports-and-society-a-psychological-approach-to-contemporary-value-based-prevention
#11
Andrea Petróczi, Paul Norman, Sebastian Brueckner
In sport, a wide array of substances with established or putative performance-enhancing properties is used. Most substances are fully acceptable, whilst a defined set, revised annually, is prohibited; thus, using any of these prohibited substances is declared as cheating. In the increasingly tolerant culture of pharmacological and technical human enhancements, the traditional normative approach to anti-doping, which involves telling athletes what they cannot do to improve their athletic ability and performance, diverges from the otherwise positive values attached to human improvement and enhancement in society...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566813/kickboxing-review-anthropometric-psychophysiological-and-activity-profiles-and-injury-epidemiology
#12
REVIEW
M Slimani, H Chaabene, B Miarka, E Franchini, K Chamari, F Cheour
Kickboxing is one of the modern combat sports. The psychophysiological demands of a kickboxing competition require athletes to achieve high thresholds of several aspects of physical fitness. The aim of the current review is to critically analyse and appraise the kickboxer's anthropometric, physiological, physical and psychological attributes with the activity profile and injury epidemiology in order to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. The available information shows that both amateur and elite-level male kickboxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and low body fat percentage...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565975/stress-emotions-and-motivational-states-among-traditional-dancers-in-new-zealand-and-japan
#13
Y Kuroda, G Geisler, P C H Morel, J Hapeta
This study used a reversal theory framework to examine motivational dominance and changes in motivational state, arousal, stress, and emotions among members of traditional Japanese (Nihon Odori Sports Science (NOSS)) and New Zealand (Kapa Haka) dance groups. Eighty-four participants (50 in Japan and 34 in New Zealand) completed questionnaires on each variable before and after a dance class. The findings indicated that the Kapa Haka dancers were significantly more playful and arousal-seeking than the NOSS dancers...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555121/risk-factors-for-gambling-problems-on-online-electronic-gaming-machines-race-betting-and-sports-betting
#14
Nerilee Hing, Alex M Russell, Matthew Browne
Growth of Internet gambling has fuelled concerns about its contribution to gambling problems. However, most online gamblers also gamble on land-based forms, which may be the source of problems for some. Studies therefore need to identify the problematic mode of gambling (online or offline) to identify those with an online gambling problem. Identifying most problematic form of online gambling (e.g., EGMs, race betting, sports betting) would also enable a more accurate examination of gambling problems attributable to a specific online gambling form...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555116/interaction-between-gender-and-skill-on-competitive-state-anxiety-using-the-time-to-event-paradigm-what-roles-do-intensity-direction-and-frequency-dimensions-play
#15
John E Hagan, Dietmar Pollmann, Thomas Schack
Background and purpose: The functional understanding and examination of competitive anxiety responses as temporal events that unfold as time-to-competition moves closer has emerged as a topical research area within the domains of sport psychology. However, little is known from an inclusive and interaction oriented perspective. Using the multidimensional anxiety theory as a framework, the present study examined the temporal patterning of competitive anxiety, focusing on the dimensions of intensity, direction, and frequency of intrusions in athletes across gender and skill level...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542529/associations-between-quality-of-life-physical-activity-worry-depression-and-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-designed-study-in-healthy-pregnant-women
#16
Danielle Mourady, Sami Richa, Rita Karam, Tatiana Papazian, Fabienne Hajj Moussa, Nada El Osta, Assaad Kesrouani, Joseph Azouri, Hicham Jabbour, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Health-related quality of life (QOL) is reported to be reduced during pregnancy. Associations between QOL, physical activity (PA), insomnia, depression and worry are insufficiently investigated among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate QOL and PA patterns among healthy pregnant women, and to examine how QOL might correlate to PA, sleep, worry and depression. This is an observational cross-sectional study, conducted among a convenient sample of 141 healthy pregnant women using five questionnaires: WHOQOL-brief (WHO quality of life questionnaire, brief version, ISI (Insomnia Severity Index), PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire), ZSRDS (Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale), and Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535726/the-effects-of-arousal-reappraisal-on-stress-responses-performance-and-attention
#17
Nadine Sammy, Paul A Anstiss, Lee J Moore, Paul Freeman, Mark R Wilson, Samuel J Vine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339-343. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2014-0186 ] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance...
May 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532704/the-bright-and-the-dark-sides-of-motor-simulation
#18
Maria Serena Panasiti, Giuseppina Porciello, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
While the acquisition of knowledge about the sensory, emotional, and motor states of others has long been thought to derive from abstract inferential operations, recent theories based on neuroscientific and psychological models emphasize that motor simulation is essential to a variety of complex functions ranging from the monitoring of one's own performance to the understanding of others' actions, and matching self and others' states to optimize social interactions. In this review, we discuss evidence that simulating the actions of others has both bright and dark sides...
May 19, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530498/negative-consequences-of-low-energy-availability-in-natural-male-bodybuilding-a-review
#19
Petter Fagerberg
Energy availability (EA) is a scientific concept describing how much energy is available for basic metabolic functions such as reproduction, immunity and skeletal homeostasis. Carefully controlled studies on women have shown pathological effects of EA<30kcal/kg fat free mass (FFM) and this state has been labeled low EA (LEA). Bodybuilding is a sport in which athletes compete to show muscular definition, symmetry and low body fat. The process of contest preparation in bodybuilding includes months of underfeeding, thus increasing the risk of LEA and its negative health consequences...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520461/clinical-outcome-after-arthroscopic-debridement-and-microfracture-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-capitellum
#20
Rens Bexkens, Kim I M van den Ende, Paul T Ogink, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: Various surgical treatment techniques have been developed to treat capitellar osteochondritis dissecans; however, the optimal technique remains the subject of ongoing debate. PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes after arthroscopic debridement and microfracture for advanced capitellar osteochondritis dissecans. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2015, the authors followed 77 consecutive patients (81 elbows) who underwent arthroscopic debridement and microfracture, and loose body removal if needed, for advanced capitellar osteochondritis dissecans...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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