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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215903/clinician-ratings-of-vulnerable-and-grandiose-narcissistic-features-implications-for-an-expanded-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnosis
#1
Kasey Stanton, Mark Zimmerman
Conceptualizations of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) have been criticized for focusing too exclusively on grandiose narcissistic traits (e.g., exploitativeness and entitlement) and failing to capture vulnerable narcissistic features (e.g., feelings of inadequacy). We extended prior grandiose and vulnerable narcissism research by examining the degree to which clinician ratings of traits related to grandiosity overlapped with traits related to vulnerability in a large sample of adult outpatients (N = 2,149)...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214860/a-comparison-of-unidimensionality-and-measurement-precision-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-and-the-narcissistic-admiration-and-rivalry-questionnaire
#2
Michael P Grosz, Wilco H M Emons, Eunike Wetzel, Marius Leckelt, William J Chopik, Norman Rose, Mitja D Back
The current study compares the closeness to unidimensionality (CU) and measurement precision (MP) of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI)-with either a pairwise forced-choice or 5-point Likert-type scale response format-to the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ). Minimum rank factor analysis and item information curves from item response models were utilized. The results mainly confirmed our expectations that NPI subscales are lower in CU and MP compared with NARQ subscales when the NPI was administered with its traditional forced-choice response format...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210409/narcissistic-chiral-self-sorting-of-molecular-face-rotating-polyhedra
#3
Xinchang Wang, Pixian Peng, Wei Xuan, Yu Wang, Yongbin Zhuang, Zhongqun Tian, Xiaoyu Cao
Narcissistic chiral self-sorting prevailed in the assembly of molecular face-rotating polyhedra from a C3h building block 5,5,10,10,15,15-hexabutyl-truxene-2,7,12-tricarbaldehyde and racemic mixtures of 1,2-diamines. Out of 124 possible stereoisomers, a pair of racemic polyhedra dominated, wherein (1R,2R)-diamines were segregated in AAAA polyhedra and (1S,2S)-diamines in CCCC polyhedra. This chiral self-sorting process is regulated by facial non-covalent interactions in the polyhedra. In contrast, D3h facial building blocks 1,3,5-tris-(4-formyl-phenyl)triazine and racemic mixtures of 1,2-diamines assembled into polyhedra without facial interactions, and their assembly process did not undergo apparent chiral self-sorting...
December 6, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200428/low-empathy-like-behaviour-in-male-mice-associates-with-impaired-sociability-emotional-memory-physiological-stress-reactivity-and-variations-in-neurobiological-regulations
#4
Giovanni Laviola, Francesca Zoratto, Danilo Ingiosi, Valentina Carito, Damien Huzard, Marco Fiore, Simone Macrì
Deficits in empathy have been proposed to constitute a hallmark of several psychiatric disturbances like conduct disorder, antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders. Limited sensitivity to punishment, shallow or deficient affect and reduced physiological reactivity to environmental stressors have been often reported to co-occur with limited empathy and contribute to the onset of antisocial phenotypes. Empathy in its simplest form (i.e. emotional contagion) is addressed in preclinical models through the evaluation of the social transmission of emotional states: mice exposed to a painful stimulus display a higher response if in the presence of a familiar individual experiencing a higher degree of discomfort, than in isolation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163318/anger-as-a-basic-emotion-and-its-role-in-personality-building-and-pathological-growth-the-neuroscientific-developmental-and-clinical-perspectives
#5
Riccardo Williams
Anger is probably one of the mostly debated basic emotions, owing to difficulties in detecting its appearance during development, its functional and affective meaning (is it a positive or a negative emotion?), especially in human beings. Behaviors accompanied by anger and rage serve many different purposes and the nuances of aggressive behaviors are often defined by the symbolic and cultural framework and social contexts. Nonetheless, recent advances in neuroscientific and developmental research, as well as clinical psychodynamic investigation, afford a new view on the role of anger in informing and guiding many aspects of human conducts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154601/on-studying-narcissism-in-personality-inventories-rather-than-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-reply-to-miller-and-lynam-2017
#6
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Kristian E Markon
Miller and Lynam's (2017) commentary proved to be very helpful in clarifying that ralerting-CV and rcontrast-CV coefficient values reported in our study indicated that the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) yielded a trait profile much more closely aligned with expert ratings of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition; DSM-IV) narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) than did other measures. The commentary gives us the opportunity to make it clear that our study was designed to demonstrate the clinical usefulness of Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) domain and trait scales in profiling pathological narcissism...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154600/a-passionate-call-for-dispassionate-conclusion-comment-on-fossati-et-al-2016
#7
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
In a recent article published by Fossati and colleagues (2016a, 2016b), the authors compared the empirical profiles derived from correlating measures of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) with a measure of the 25 personality disorder traits included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) to an expert-rated profile of NPD. The initial data, which included some mistakes, were interpreted as indicating comparable performance across all three self-report measures of narcissism and NPD, including two hotly debated measures, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI)...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154204/facebook-intrusion-fear-of-missing-out-narcissism-and-life-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiórka
Facebook is one of the most popular social networking sites. The present paper examines the relations between fear of missing out, narcissism, Facebook intrusion, and life satisfaction. We hypothesized that the fear of missing out and narcissism would play a significant role in Facebook intrusion. The participants in the study were 360 Polish users of Facebook. We administered the Facebook Intrusion Scale, the Fear of Missing Out Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140082/self-assembly-and-catalytic-reactivity-of-binol-bridged-bis-phenanthroline-metallocages
#9
Kai-Yu Cheng, Shi-Cheng Wang, Yu-Sheng Chen, Yi-Tsu Chan
Upon treatment with Zn(II) ions, a series of BINOL-bridged bis(phenanthroline) ligands was self-assembled into [M2L3] metallocages, which were carefully characterized by NMR spectroscopy and ESI-MS spectrometry. Among them, a racemic mixture of the BINOL-bridged bis(phenanthrolines) underwent chiral self-sorting to afford two homochiral metallocages. The narcissistic self-sorting process of the metallocages was observed in the complexation reaction of the constitutionally isomeric bis(phenanthrolines) with varying connection positions...
November 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117708/how-to-identify-narcissism-with-13-items-validation-of-the-german-narcissistic-personality-inventory-13-g-npi-13
#10
Julia Brailovskaia, Hans-Werner Bierhoff, Jürgen Margraf
Four studies investigated the construct validity of the brief version of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13). Study 1 ( N = 603) confirmed the three-factor structure of the G-NPI-13 and its associations with the NPI-40 and the NPI-16. In Study 2 ( N = 438), the convergent and discriminant validity of the G-NPI-13 was analyzed by investigating its relationships with the "Big Five," self-esteem, and mental health variables (depression, anxiety, stress symptoms; life satisfaction, happiness, social support)...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106278/dark-traits-and-suicide-associations-between-psychopathy-narcissism-and-components-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#11
Tiffany M Harrop, Olivia C Preston, Lauren R Khazem, Michael D Anestis, Regis Junearick, Bradley A Green, Joye C Anestis
Studies have identified independent relationships between psychopathy, narcissism, and suicidality. The current study expands upon the extant literature by exploring psychopathic and narcissistic personality traits and components of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, utilizing a 3-factor model of psychopathy and 2-factor model of pathological narcissism in community, undergraduate, and military individuals. We hypothesized that the impulsive-antisocial facets of psychopathy would be related to suicidal desire, whereas all facets of psychopathy would relate to the capability for suicide...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106277/dark-and-vulnerable-personality-trait-correlates-of-dimensions-of-criminal-behavior-among-adult-offenders
#12
Bethany G Edwards, Emily Albertson, Edelyn Verona
Given the high-level impact of crime, empirical work is needed to identify personality traits, or overarching factors of personality pathology, that may leave individuals more prone to engage in criminal behaviors. This study empirically tested the distinction between the dark personality and vulnerable dark personality spectra (Miller et al., 2010) in a large offender sample and aimed to test how these personality factors relate to criminal dimensions and individual types of crime. Self-report and public record data verified criminal behaviors for 493 (34...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106275/the-effect-of-pathological-narcissism-on-interpersonal-and-affective-processes-in-social-interactions
#13
Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Lori N Scott, Michael N Hallquist, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis
Narcissism has significant interpersonal costs, yet little research has examined behavioral and affective patterns characteristic of narcissism in naturalistic settings. Here we studied the effect of narcissistic features on the dynamic processes of interpersonal behavior and affect in daily life. We used interpersonal theory to generate transactional models of social interaction (i.e., linkages among perceptions of others' behavior, affect, and one's own behavior) predicted to be characteristic of narcissism...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105348/belief-in-narcissistic-insecurity-perceptions-of-lay-raters-and-their-personality-and-psychopathology-relations
#14
Kasey Stanton, David Watson, Lee Anna Clark
This study advances research on interpersonal perceptions of narcissism by examining the degree to which overt displays of narcissism (e.g. being boastful and arrogant) are viewed by lay raters as resulting from covert insecurity. We wrote a brief set of items to assess this view and collected responses from a large sample of community adults (n = 5 528). We present results both for participants reporting (n = 617; patient subsample) and not reporting (n = 4 911; non-patient subsample) current psychiatric treatment...
November 3, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065280/the-narcissism-epidemic-is-dead-long-live-the-narcissism-epidemic
#15
Eunike Wetzel, Anna Brown, Patrick L Hill, Joanne M Chung, Richard W Robins, Brent W Roberts
Are recent cohorts of college students more narcissistic than their predecessors? To address debates about the so-called "narcissism epidemic," we used data from three cohorts of students (1990s: N = 1,166; 2000s: N = 33,647; 2010s: N = 25,412) to test whether narcissism levels (overall and specific facets) have increased across generations. We also tested whether our measure, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), showed measurement equivalence across the three cohorts, a critical analysis that had been overlooked in prior research...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047319/hedge-fund-managers-with-psychopathic-tendencies-make-for-worse-investors
#16
Leanne Ten Brinke, Aimee Kish, Dacher Keltner
It is widely assumed that psychopathic personality traits promote success in high-powered, competitive contexts such as financial investment. By contrast, empirical studies find that psychopathic leaders can be charming and persuasive, but poor performers who mismanage, bully, and engage in unethical behavior. By coding nonverbal behaviors displayed in semistructured interviews, we identified the psychopathic, Machiavellian, and narcissistic tendencies in 101 hedge fund managers, and examined whether these traits were associated with financial performance over the course of 10 diverse years of economic volatility (2005-2015)...
October 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039698/an-experimental-test-of-how-selfies-change-social-judgments-on-facebook
#17
Samuel Hardman Taylor, Alexandra S Hinck, Hajin Lim
Selfies are everywhere on social media. Research has focused only on who is posting selfies and has not addressed the audience members viewing selfies. This study aims to fill this gap by analyzing the judgments people make of selfies posted on Facebook. Using an online experiment, we test how including a selfie on a Facebook status update changes people's appraisals of narcissism, message appropriateness, and social attraction. We also consider how the valence and intimacy of the status update text interplay with the selfie to change social judgments...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022848/the-theory-and-art-of-child-psychotherapy-a-corrective-developmental-approach
#18
Robert Friedman
The history of child psychotherapy is sketched from the psychoanalytic pioneers Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to the popular "nondirective" approach of Virginia Axline. The author's approach to child psychotherapy, based on contemporary psychoanalytic theories, allows the therapist to play any parental role that helps to repair developmental deficiencies and conflicts. These include nurturing, supporting, mirroring, role modeling, challenging, and limit setting. Following Winnicott, psychotherapy is conceived as a play space in which therapist and child are both spontaneous...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018845/controlled-self-sorting-in-self-assembled-cage-complexes
#19
Lauren R Holloway, Paul M Bogie, Richard J Hooley
In this frontier article we highlight recent advances in subcomponent self-sorting in self-assembled metal-ligand cage complexes, with a focus on selective discrimination between ligands that contain highly similar metal-coordinating groups. Effects such as varying ligand length, coordination angle and backbone flexibility, as well as the introduction of secondary weak forces such as hydrogen bonds can be exploited to favor either narcissistic or social self-sorting. We highlight these creative solutions, and emphasize the challenges that remain in the development of functional self-assembled heterocomplexes...
November 7, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#20
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
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