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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658135/cross-cultural-invariance-of-npi-13-entitlement-as-culturally-specific-leadership-and-grandiosity-as-culturally-universal
#1
Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Jarosław Piotrowski, Radosław Rogoza, Tomasz Baran, Hidefumi Hitokoto, John Maltby
The current study explores the problem with the lack of measurement invariance for the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) by addressing two issues: conceptual heterogeneity of narcissism and methodological issues related to the binary character of data. We examine the measurement invariance of the 13-item version of the NPI in three populations in Japan, Poland and the UK. Analyses revealed that leadership/authority and grandiose exhibitionism dimensions of the NPI were cross-culturally invariant, while entitlement/exploitativeness was culturally specific...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651266/narcissistic-leaders-and-their-victims-followers-low-on-self-esteem-and-low-on-core-self-evaluations-suffer-most
#2
Barbara Nevicka, Annebel H B De Hoogh, Deanne N Den Hartog, Frank D Belschak
Narcissistic leaders are self-absorbed and hold beliefs of entitlement and superiority. Their aggressive tendencies in the face of criticism and inclinations to validate their self-worth by derogating others may lead others to perceive them as being abusive. Here, we test the relationship between leader narcissism and followers' perceptions of abusive supervision. Drawing upon research related to the behavioral plasticity hypothesis, we propose that followers with low self-esteem will perceive narcissistic leaders as more abusive than those with high self-esteem...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609984/evaluating-the-role-of-functional-impairment-in-personality-psychopathology
#3
Jennifer K Boland, Tatjana Damnjanovic, Jaime L Anderson
DSM-5's Section III Alternative Model for Personality Disorder (AMPD) model states that an individual must show impairment in self and interpersonal functioning for PD diagnosis. The current study investigated dimensional personality trait associations with impairment, including differential patterns of impairment across specific PDs, and whether traits have improved our assessment of functional impairment in PDs. Two-hundred and seventy-seven participants were administered measures of Antisocial PD, Avoidant PD, Borderline PD, Narcissistic PD, Obsessive-Compulsive PD, and Schizotypal PD from the perspectives of Section II (PDQ-4) and Section III (PID-5) PD models, as well as measures of functional impairment in interpersonal and intrapersonal domains...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595015/-update-on-developemental-dyspraxia-in-children
#4
N Boxus, C Denis, W Pitchot
After having explained what is dyspraxia, we will briefly talk about narcissistic issues related to school term. Indeed, the defensive tools used by children to deal with learning disabilities are varied and not much specific, which will complicate the medical approach. Then we will describe the symptoms that are specific to search in the history and the first clinic appointment in cases of suspected dyspraxia. Finally, we will give details of how we must consider the exploration and the multidisciplinary taking over of the disorder...
March 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584747/are-narcissists-more-attracted-to-people-in-relationships-than-to-people-not-in-relationships
#5
Amy B Brunell, Joshua Robison, Nicholas P Deems, Bradley M Okdie
Does grandiose narcissism predict greater attraction for others in relationships? We examined this question by replicating previous work implicating grandiose narcissists as mate poachers (Studies 1 and 2). We then used an experimental paradigm (Studies 3 and 4) to assess the extent to which grandiose narcissists indicate a greater interest in someone who is already in a relationship compared to someone who is single. Results suggest that although grandiose narcissism related to reports of more frequent mate poaching attempts, grandiose narcissists did not appear to be more interested in taking someone away from an existing relationship...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577754/a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-pathological-narcissism-inventory-s-nomological-network
#6
Elizabeth A Edershile, Leonard J Simms, Aidan G C Wright
The Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) has enjoyed widespread use in the study of the narcissism. However, questions have been raised about whether the PNI's grandiosity scale adequately captures narcissistic grandiosity as well as other popular measures do. Specifically, some have noted that PNI grandiosity shows a pattern of external associations that diverges from patterns for narcissistic grandiosity predicted by experts, and is more similar to the predictions for the vulnerability scale than is desirable...
March 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558268/unkosher-sex-vulnerable-narcissism-and-ultra-orthodox-jewish-men
#7
Sara Schapiro-Halberstam, Lawrence Josephs
Narcissistic men that engage in out-of-control extra-marital sex can be challenging to treat when their cultural background reinforces their misogyny and sense of entitlement, as it does among ultra-orthodox Jewish men. A case study illustrates the challenges for a female clinician helping an unfaithful, married, narcissistic male from an ultra-orthodox Jewish background refrain from seeing prostitutes when he devalued the approach of his female therapist. The patient had to learn that he was not entitled to women's love and respect, but that he needed to earn it by transcending his egocentrism and demonstrating empathy rather than contempt for women...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553765/narcissistic-leaders-an-asset-or-a-liability-leader-visibility-follower-responses-and-group-level-absenteeism
#8
Barbara Nevicka, Annelies E M Van Vianen, Annebel H B De Hoogh, Bart C M Voorn
Although narcissists often emerge as leaders, research has thus far shown inconsistent results on the relationship between leader narcissism and effectiveness in the eyes of followers. Here we draw on leader distance theory (Shamir, 1995) and implicit leader theory (Lord & Maher, 1991) to propose that followers' assessment of a narcissistic leader and followers' overall job attitudes depend on the leader's visibility to the followers. The more opportunities followers have to observe narcissistic leaders the more they will experience these leaders' toxic behavior (e...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543097/when-fathering-fails-violence-narcissism-and-the-father-function-in-ancient-tales-and-clinical-analysis
#9
Michael J Diamond
Manifestations of failures in both symbolic and actual flesh-and-blood fathering reveal the inescapable role played by the father's unconscious transmissions in the ever present triadic matrix. Perelberg's crucial distinction between the murdered narcissistic father and the dead symbolic father suggests the problematic internalizations that fail to uphold the paternal law required for oedipal resolution. Three father-child narratives derived from classical literature and mythology are presented in order to elucidate significant unconscious paternal fantasies pertaining to lethal rivalry and neglect of the child's otherness...
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522621/-adolescence-addictive-disorders-and-psychopathology-between-the-brain-systems-of-reward-and-the-self-regulation
#10
Alfredo Ortiz-Frágola
The author analyzes certain aspects of the psychopathology of addictions in adolescence, from a psychoanalytical and neurobiological point of view. Within the feld of present psychopathology we frequently fnd problems related with use and abuse of substances, particularly in adolescent therapy. Impulsivity, violence, marginalization, and primitive phantasies appear in the setting along with the functioning of the "addictive brain". Several aspects of vulnerability in adolescence, like depressive symptoms or narcissistic unbalance are connected with two basic principles in addiction: 1) drugs as a mean of obtaining pleasure, and 2) drugs as self regulators...
May 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509069/can-hovering-hinder-helping-examining-the-joint-effects-of-helicopter-parenting-and-attachment-on-prosocial-behaviors-and-empathy-in-emerging-adults
#11
Meredith McGinley
While previous research has established links among multiple aspects of parenting, empathy, and prosocial behaviors in youth, little is known regarding the relations between helicopter parenting, a particular type of parental over control, and empathy and prosocial behaviors (Padilla-Walker, 2014). Because helicopter parenting could undermine empathic and prosocial outcomes by negatively impacting self-regulatory behaviors and promoting narcissistic tendencies (Padilla-Walker, 2014; Segrin, Woszidlo, Givertz, Bauer, & Murphy, 2012; Segrin, Woszidlo, Givertz, & Montgomery, 2013), the author sought to examine potential relationships among these constructs...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#12
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
January 31, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466803/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Sebastian Euler, Dominik Stöbi, Julia Sowislo, Franziska Ritzler, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Johannes Wrege, Marc Walter
BACKGROUND: Little is known about narcissistic traits in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This exploratory study aimed to illustrate the associations between total, grandiose, and vulnerable narcissism and gender, diagnostic features of BPD and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), and psychopathology in BPD patients. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The Pathological Narcissism Inventory and psychometric measures for impulsivity, anger, borderline symptom severity, personality organization, depression, and rejection sensitivity were completed by 65 BPD patients...
February 21, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455443/narcissistic-implications-in-gambling-disorder-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#14
Guyonne Rogier, Patrizia Velotti
Gambling Disorder (GD) is a complex psychopathology involving a numbers of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and neurobiological determinants. Previous research suggests that GD may frequently co-occur with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. However, there is still a lack of study investigating Pathological Narcissism (PN) in both its vulnerable and grandiose facets among clinical population. Moreover, emotional dysregulation is commonly thought to underlie GD albeit research on this topic remains poor. The present study aims to investigate the role of both vulnerable and grandiose narcissism in relation to GD as well as the mediator role played by emotion dysregulation in such link...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442218/revisiting-the-depleted-self
#15
Reggie Abraham
This article revisits Donald Capps's book The Depleted Self (The depleted self: sin in a narcissistic age. Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 1993), which grew out of his 1990 Schaff Lectures at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. In these lectures Capps proposed that the theology of guilt had dominated much of post-Reformation discourse. But with the growing prevalence of the narcissistic personality in the late twentieth century, the theology of guilt no longer adequately expressed humanity's sense of "wrongness" before God...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403124/attitude-toward-selfie-taking-and-its-relation-to-body-image-and-narcissism-in-medical-students
#16
Era Dutta, Payal Sharma, Nilesh Shah, Anup Bharati, Sushma Sonavane, Avinash Desousa
Background: The recent and rapidly popularized social phenomenon of selfie taking has been showing an increasing trend. It is thus imperative to assess the knowledge, attitude, and perception of the groups toward this phenomenon. Selfie taking is associated with younger age groups and hence, we aimed to explore the attitudes toward selfie taking and its relation toward body image and narcissism in medical college students. Methodology: This was cross-sectional study and had two groups with Group A comprising 92 first year medical students and Group B including 103 postgraduate (PG) medical students from various specialties...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395871/clinically-significant-personality-traits-in-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-psychosis
#17
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Gustavo Camino, Debra A Russo, Michelle Painter, Angel L Montejo, Susana Ochoa, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
It is still unclear to what extent personality may influence the development of psychosis. We aimed to explore significant personality traits in individuals at high-risk (HR) for psychosis. Personalities of forty HR individuals and a matched sample of 40 healthy volunteers (HVs) were evaluated with the Millon Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). They were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI-II and BAI), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373967/personality-dimensions-emerging-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-are-underpinned-by-a-single-latent-trait-indexing-impairment-in-social-functioning
#18
Ela Polek, Peter B Jones, Pasco Fearon, Jeannette Brodbeck, Michael Moutoussis, Nspn Consortium, Ray Dolan, Peter Fonagy, Edward T Bullmore, Ian M Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Personality with stable behavioural traits emerges in the adolescent and young adult years. Models of putatively distinct, but correlated, personality traits have been developed to describe behavioural styles including schizotypal, narcissistic, callous-unemotional, negative emotionality, antisocial and impulsivity traits. These traits have influenced the classification of their related personality disorders. We tested if a bifactor model fits the data better than correlated-factor and orthogonal-factor models and subsequently validated the obtained factors with mental health measures and treatment history...
January 26, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364885/does-a-narcissism-epidemic-exist-in-modern-western-societies-comparing-narcissism-and-self-esteem-in-east-and-west-germany
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aline Vater, Steffen Moritz, Stefan Roepke
Narcissism scores are higher in individualistic cultures compared with more collectivistic cultures. However, the impact of sociocultural factors on narcissism and self-esteem has not been well described. Germany was formerly divided into two different social systems, each with distinct economic, political and national cultures, and was reunified in 1989/90. Between 1949 and 1989/90, West Germany had an individualistic culture, whereas East Germany had a more collectivistic culture. The German reunification provides an exceptional opportunity to investigate the impact of sociocultural and generational differences on narcissism and self-esteem...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335126/-reception-of-the-patient-in-psychiatry-overcoming-the-narcissistic-test-of-the-caregiver
#20
Frédéric Gelly
The theme of the encounter is addressed through the question of the reception of the patient. This encounter forces the caregiver to consider his or her own identity faced with the patient, to adjustments which can elude narcissistic doubts by resorting to the standardisation of care. Possible ways for the construction of a joint project are then considered. A 'common illusion' of care, which ensures that the encounter, a prelude to the possibility of care, is achieved.
January 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
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