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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922907/stability-and-change-in-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-1-year-follow-up-of-depressed-adolescent-outpatients
#1
Thea Strandholm, Olli Kiviruusu, Linnea Karlsson, Maiju Pankakoski, Mirjami Pelkonen, Mauri Marttunen
We investigated stability and change in personality disorder (PD) symptoms and whether depression severity, comorbid clinical psychiatric disorders, and social support predict changes in personality pathology among adolescent outpatients. The 1-year outcome of PD symptoms among consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients with depressive disorders (N = 189) was investigated with symptom count of depression, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and perceived social support as predictors. An overall decrease in PD symptoms in most PD categories was observed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920739/narcissistic-traits-and-explicit-self-esteem-the-moderating-role-of-implicit-self-view
#2
Rossella Di Pierro, Simone Mattavelli, Marcello Gallucci
Objective: Whilst the relationship between narcissism and self-esteem has been studied for a long time, findings are still controversial. The majority of studies investigated narcissistic grandiosity (NG), neglecting the existence of vulnerable manifestations of narcissism. Moreover, recent studies have shown that grandiosity traits are not always associated with inflated explicit self-esteem. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between narcissistic traits and explicit self-esteem, distinguishing between grandiosity and vulnerability...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#4
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869307/stupidity-in-the-analytic-field-vicissitudes-of-the-detachment-process-in-adolescence
#5
Roosevelt M S Cassorla
This paper has the objective of broadening the understanding of technical aspects in working with adolescents who defend themselves against detachment from infantile aspects through defensive organizations. These organizations numb the adolescent toward both triangular reality and narcissistic defenses. The families of such young people may be part of the organization and the analyst can also be recruited to participate in it. But the analyst's perception can become blurry and this fact makes him appear stupid...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865043/self-sorting-of-two-hydrocarbon-receptors-with-one-carbonaceous-ligand
#6
Taisuke Matsuno, Sota Sato, Atsutoshi Yokoyama, Sho Kamata, Hiroyuki Isobe
Non-directional van der Waals forces in biological and synthetic supramolecular systems play important roles in molecular assembly, particularly in determining the distances of the interacting species. The van der Waals forces are normally used in combination with other directional forces and are considered to play a secondary role in achieving specificity and fidelity in molecular recognition. Using an ideal supramolecular system consisting solely of hydrogen and carbon atoms, we found that the van der Waals interactions enable the high-fidelity sorting of two homomeric receptors during ligand-induced assembly...
November 16, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855422/global-and-public-mental-health-promotion-for-empathic-civilisation-the-role-of-political-psychocultures
#7
Miro Jakovljevic, Zoran Tomic
This article draws attention to the relationship between neuroethics, neuropolitics, political psycho-cultures and public and global mental health. In the hegemonic culture of neoliberalism the purpose of life has been reduced to the self-realization in economic and consumerism terms that promotes the hypercompetitive narcissistic or manic self, indifferent to the fate and suffering of others and accommodated to commodification of morals, mental health and well-being. The real public and global mental health promotion is strongly associated with creating a more empathic, less selfish individual and collective mind where people put a greater emphasis on common interests and bioethical values...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854443/puffed-up-but-shaky-selves-state-self-esteem-level-and-variability-in-narcissists
#8
Katharina Geukes, Steffen Nestler, Roos Hutteman, Michael Dufner, Albrecht C P Küfner, Boris Egloff, Jaap J A Denissen, Mitja D Back
Different theoretical conceptualizations characterize grandiose narcissists by high, yet fragile self-esteem. Empirical evidence, however, has been inconsistent, particularly regarding the relationship between narcissism and self-esteem fragility (i.e., self-esteem variability). Here, we aim at unraveling this inconsistency by disentangling the effects of two theoretically distinct facets of narcissism (i.e., admiration and rivalry) on the two aspects of state self-esteem (i.e., level and variability). We report on data from a laboratory-based and two field-based studies (total N = 596) in realistic social contexts, capturing momentary, daily, and weekly fluctuations of state self-esteem...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834564/linking-narcissism-motivation-and-doping-attitudes-in-sport-a-multilevel-investigation-involving-coaches-and-athletes
#9
Doris Matosic, Nikos Ntoumanis, Ian David Boardley, Andrew Stenling, Constantine Sedikides
Research on coaching (Bartholomew, Ntoumanis, & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, 2009) has shown that coaches can display controlling behaviors that have detrimental effects on athletes' basic psychological needs and quality of sport experiences. The current study extends this literature by considering coach narcissism as a potential antecedent of coaches' controlling behaviors. Further, the study tests a model linking coaches' (n = 59) own reports of narcissistic tendencies with athletes' (n = 493) perceptions of coach controlling behaviors, experiences of need frustration, and attitudes toward doping...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816770/narcissistic-personality-disorder-and-suicidal-behavior-in-mood-disorders
#10
Daniel Coleman, Ryan Lawrence, Amrita Parekh, Hanga Galfalvy, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, David A Brent, J John Mann, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Maria A Oquendo
The relationship of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) to suicidal behavior is understudied. The modest body of existing research suggests that NPD is protective against low-lethality suicide attempts, but is associated with high lethality attempts. Mood-disordered patients (N = 657) received structured interviews including Axis I and II diagnosis and standardized clinical measures. Following chi-square and t-tests, a logistical regression model was constructed to identify predictors of suicide attempt...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798484/executive-functioning-in-people-with-personality-disorders
#11
Domingo Garcia-Villamisar, John Dattilo, Marta Garcia-Martinez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent executive functions research to better delineate the nosology of personality disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: This review indicates that there are consistent impairments in executive functioning in people with personality disorders as compared with matched controls. Only five disorders were considered: borderline, obsessive-compulsive, antisocial, narcissistic, and schizotypal. Significant deficits are observed in decision-making, working memory, inhibition, and flexibility...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797551/narcissism-and-response-validity-do-individuals-with-narcissistic-features-underreport-psychopathology
#12
Chelsea E Sleep, Martin Sellbom, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
Narcissism is broadly described as a grandiose sense of self, feelings of entitlement, and a need for attention and admiration. Theorists have long suggested that to maintain an overly positive self-image, individuals with narcissistic features often self-enhance (Leary, 2007) and exhibit distorted (John & Robins, 1994) self-perceptions. Despite this theoretical link, little is known about its relationship to response style, particularly in regard to underreporting or defensiveness. Nevertheless, response style has been extensively studied in psychopathy, narcissism's closest neighbor, due to concerns that psychopathic individuals may lack insight into their traits and/or may be unwilling to admit to perceived faults or difficulties...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785032/screening-results-correlating-to-personality-disorder-traits-in-a-new-employee-population-of-people-s-republic-of-china
#13
Yan Tan, Yan Liu, Lei Wu
BACKGROUND: Adaptation to a new environment may have an uncertain influence on young employees, whose values are still being formed during early adulthood. To understand the current mental status and further improve the mental health level of the new employee population of People's Republic of China, we conducted a cross-sectional study to screen the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder (PD) traits in this population. METHODS: This study included all male participants who were new employees (those who had started working in approximately the last three months) from 12 machinery factories in People's Republic of China...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779793/two-independent-orthogonal-stereomutations-at-a-single-asymmetric-centre-a-narcissistic-couple
#14
Malachi W Gillick-Healy, Elizabeth V Jennings, Helge Muller-Bunz, Yannick Ortin, Kirill Nikitin, Declan G Gilheany
The energy barriers in our recently discovered Walden inversion of chlorophosphonium salts are similar to those in Cope rearrangements of caged cyclic hydrocarbons. We have therefore designed a molecular system integrating the two processes, thereby producing the first embodiment in a chemical species of two entirely different and independent stereomutation mechanisms at the same nominal asymmetric centre. Thus, the energy barrier to the rearrangement of 9-phenyl-9-phosphabarbaralane oxide, easily prepared by a new high-yielding synthesis, was found to be ca...
October 25, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777779/a-systematic-review-on-the-relationship-between-antisocial-borderline-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnostic-traits-and-risk-of-violence-to-others-in-a-clinical-and-forensic-sample
#15
REVIEW
Joe Lowenstein, Charlotte Purvis, Katie Rose
Risk assessments identify the presence of a Personality Disorder diagnosis as relevant to future violence. At present, risk assessments focus on the presence of the disorder rather than identifying key traits related to risk. Systematic searches of three databases were conducted from January 2000 until August 2014. Of 92,143, 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. A lack of empirical research was found focusing on individual traits; instead most considered PD diagnosis as a sole entity. A preliminary model has been developed detailing the link between potential interactions of diagnostic traits and risk of violence...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748510/the-two-bernard-berenson-cousins-the-interplay-among-immigration-culture-and-narcissism
#16
Susan G Goldberg
The lives of two 19th century cousins, both of whom changed their names to Bernard Berenson, are considered from historical and psychodynamic perspectives, using a psychobiographical method. The Jewish cousins immigrated separately to Boston from Lithuania in 1875 and 1882. One cousin, later calling himself simply B.B., became a world-renowned art historian. The other Bernard became a misanthrope after feeling deeply humiliated by his cousin's family in Boston. Many biographies were written about the famous B...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735136/is-borderline-personality-disorder-only-a-mental-health-problem
#17
Lionel Cailhol, Margot Francois, Claire Thalamas, Cécile Garrido, Philippe Birmes, Laure Pourcel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Joel Paris
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been shown to have increased rates of the use of medical services. The objective of this multicentre study was to compare the utilization of physical health services by patients with severe BPD (n = 36) with that of two control groups: one with other personality disorders (PDs) (n = 38) and one with matched subjects randomly selected from the general population (n = 165). Information was drawn from an insurance database collected over a 5-year period...
October 13, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728869/clinical-features-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-of-borderline-personality-disorder-patients-with-versus-without-a-history-of-suicide-attempt
#18
Leo Sher, Amanda M Fisher, Caitlin H Kelliher, Justin D Penner, Marianne Goodman, Harold W Koenigsberg, Antonia S New, Larry J Siever, Erin A Hazlett
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are at high risk for suicidal behavior. However, many BPD patients do not engage in suicidal behavior. In this study, we compared clinical features of BPD patients with or without a history of suicide attempts and healthy volunteers. Compared with healthy volunteers, both BPD groups had higher Affective Lability Scale (ALS), ALS - Depression-Anxiety Subscale, Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), and Lifetime History of Aggression (LHA) scores and were more likely to have a history of temper tantrums...
October 2, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684371/personality-traits-are-associated-with-research-misbehavior-in-dutch-scientists-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Joeri K Tijdink, Lex M Bouter, Coosje L S Veldkamp, Peter M van de Ven, Jelte M Wicherts, Yvo M Smulders
BACKGROUND: Personality influences decision making and ethical considerations. Its influence on the occurrence of research misbehavior has never been studied. This study aims to determine the association between personality traits and self-reported questionable research practices and research misconduct. We hypothesized that narcissistic, Machiavellianistic and psychopathic traits as well as self-esteem are associated with research misbehavior. METHODS: Included in this cross-sectional study design were 535 Dutch biomedical scientists (response rate 65%) from all hierarchical layers of 4 university medical centers in the Netherlands...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677830/psychiatric-evaluation-of-youths-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders-and-psychopathic-traits-a-critical-review-of-assessment-measures
#20
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Paola Brovedani, Simone Pisano, Pietro Muratori
Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBDs) are stable and impairing disorders, heterogeneous in presentation, developmental pathways, and treatment needs. Disentangling subtypes according to psychopathological dimensions is helpful for timely diagnoses, precise prognoses and tailored interventions. Psychopathic traits are relevant in subtyping DBDs with severe antisocial and aggressive behaviors. Three psychopathy dimensions have been found: 1) an affective dimension, the callous-unemotional (CU) trait, with lack of empathy and remorse, and with short-lived emotions; 2) an interpersonal dimension, the narcissistic domain, with manipulative abilities, superficial charm, egocentricity and grandiosity; 3) a behavioral dimension, the impulsivity or impulsive-irresponsibility, with irresponsibility, proneness to boredom, and novelty seeking...
September 25, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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