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Betrayal trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710004/complex-trauma-in-childhood-a-psychiatric-diagnosis-in-adulthood-making-meaning-of-a-double-edged-phenomenon
#1
Lynne McCormack, Sherilyn Thomson
Objective: No known research explores the double-edged phenomenon of childhood trauma/adult mental health consumer. Therefore, whether receiving a psychiatric diagnosis in light of childhood trauma supports or impedes psychological wellbeing in adult life, is unknown. Method: Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) provided the methodological framework. Data were collected through the use of semistructured interviews. Analysis sought thematic representation from subjective interpretations of the experienced phenomenon: childhood trauma survivor/mental health consumer...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537615/efficacy-of-warrior-renew-group-therapy-for-female-veterans-who-have-experienced-military-sexual-trauma
#2
Lori S Katz
This is a program evaluation of the Warrior Renew treatment protocol delivered in an outpatient therapy group for survivors of military sexual trauma (MST) at a Department of Veterans Affairs medical center. The group was delivered via a manualized protocol with 12 weekly topics. It includes coping skills for affect management (e.g., triggers and anxiety) and addresses unique aspects of MST including anger/resentments because of injustice and lack of closure, betrayal, and self-blame. It also addresses interpersonal factors such as relationship patterns and healthy interpersonal skills...
August 18, 2016: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427782/collusion-torture-and-inequality-understanding-the-actions-of-the-american-psychological-association-as-institutional-betrayal
#3
Jennifer M Gómez, Carly P Smith, Robyn L Gobin, Shin Shin Tang, Jennifer J Freyd
The Hoffman Report (Hoffman et al., 2015) documented devastating information about the American Psychological Association (APA) and the profession of psychology in the U.S., prompting a public apology and a formal commitment to right their wrongs (APA, 2015). In the current paper, we utilize betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1997), including betrayal blindness (e.g., Freyd, 1996; Tang, 2015) and institutional betrayal (Smith & Freyd, 2014a), to understand and learn from APA's behaviors. We further situate this discussion in the context of inequality, both within APA and amidst American society generally...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116298/patient-dissatisfaction-and-institutional-betrayal-in-the-canadian-medical-system-a-qualitative-study
#4
Andreea Tamaian, Bridget Klest, Christina Mutschler
Individuals who struggle with chronic medical conditions frequently use medical services and may depend on the medical system to ensure their overall well-being. As a result, they may be at a greater risk of feeling betrayed by the medical system when their needs are not being met. The current study aimed to qualitatively assess patients' negative experiences with the medical system that may lead to feelings of institutional betrayal. A total of 14 Canadian adults struggling with various chronic conditions completed an online open-ended questionnaire...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100170/lifetime-trauma-personality-traits-and-health-a-pathway-to-midlife-health-status
#5
Sarah E Hampson, Grant W Edmonds, Lewis R Goldberg, Maureen Barckley, Bridget Klest, Joan P Dubanoski, Teresa A Hillier
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether lifetime experience of trauma is related to personality through instrumental and reactive trait processes, and whether lifetime trauma is a mechanism underlying the association between childhood conscientiousness and objectively assessed adult physical health. METHOD: Participants (N = 831) were 442 women and 389 men from the Hawaii longitudinal study of personality and health. Teacher assessments of personality were obtained when the participants were in elementary school...
July 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007795/perceptions-of-institutional-betrayal-predict-suicidal-self-directed-violence-among-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#6
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Bridget B Matarazzo, Kelly A Soberay, Carly Parnitzke Smith
OBJECTIVES: We examined perceptions of institutional betrayal among Veterans exposed to military sexual trauma (MST) and whether perceptions of institutional betrayal are associated with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and suicidal ideation and attempt after MST. METHOD: A total of 49 Veterans with MST completed self-report measures and interviews in a Veterans Health Administration setting. RESULTS: Many participants reported perceptions that a military institution created an environment in which MST seemed common, likely to occur, and did not proactively prevent such experiences...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26919629/girlhood-betrayals-of-women-childhood-trauma-survivors-in-treatment-for-addiction
#7
Linda Grabbe, Janell Ball, Joanne M Hall
PURPOSE: This research explored the understanding of trauma from the perspective of women who had experienced abuse and neglect in childhood. The goal was to better conceptualize potential avenues or interventions for prevention and treatment. DESIGN: Qualitative description of the accounts of eight women who were childhood trauma survivors and in treatment for addiction. Open-ended interviews focused on key events or experiences during childhood and adolescence and the use of drugs and alcohol...
May 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821738/attachment-style-as-a-mediator-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-experience-of-betrayal-trauma-as-an-adult
#8
Elise C Hocking, Raluca M Simons, Renata J Surette
Previous research has demonstrated a positive association between child maltreatment and adult interpersonal trauma (Arata, 2000; Crawford & Wright, 2007). From a betrayal trauma theory perspective, evidence suggests that the experience of trauma high in betrayal (e.g., child maltreatment by parents or guardians) increases ones risk of betrayal trauma as an adult (Gobin & Freyd, 2009). However, the mechanisms explaining these associations are not well understood; attachment theory could provide further insight...
February 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26800653/relation-between-premorbid-adjustment-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-and-close-interpersonal-trauma-in-first-episode-psychosis
#9
Ulrik Helt Haahr, Tor Ketil Larsen, Erik Simonsen, Bjørn Rishovd Rund, Inge Joa, Jan Ivar Rossberg, Jan Olav Johannessen, Johannes Langeveld, Julie Evensen, Anne Marie Hyldgaard Trauelsen, Per Vaglum, Stein Opjordsmoen, Wenche Ten Velden Hegelstad, Svein Friis, Thomas McGlashan, Ingrid Melle
AIM: Interpersonal traumas are highly prevalent in patients with psychotic disorders. Trauma caused by those close to the patient might have a more profound impact than other types of trauma and may influence early life social functioning. The aim is to investigate the associations between different types of trauma, in particular close interpersonal traumas experienced before the age of 18, premorbid factors and baseline clinical characteristics in a sample of first-episode psychosis patients...
January 23, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783760/profiles-of-childhood-trauma-betrayal-frequency-and-psychological-distress-in-late-adolescence
#10
Christina Gamache Martin, Mark J Van Ryzin, Thomas J Dishion
OBJECTIVE: With an emphasis on betrayal trauma, this study used latent profile analysis to examine how childhood traumas co-occur and whether trauma patterns differentially predicted psychological distress. METHOD: A community sample of 806 adolescents and young adults participated. Youths reported their trauma histories, and lifetime DSM-IV disorders were assessed using a structured diagnostic interview. RESULTS: Latent profile analysis yielded 5 profiles: high betrayal trauma physical violence and emotional abuse (HBTPE), high betrayal trauma sexual and emotional abuse (HBTSE), low betrayal trauma (LBT), parent death (PD), and a no/low trauma profile...
March 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460888/shifting-the-focus-nonpathologizing-approaches-to-healing-from-betrayal-trauma-through-an-emphasis-on-relational-care
#11
Jennifer M Gómez, Jenn K Lewis, Laura K Noll, Alec M Smidt, Pamela J Birrell
As the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders has become increasingly medicalized (Conrad & Slodden, 2013), consideration for the relational nature of trauma has been minimized in the healing process. As psychiatrist R. D. Laing (1971) outlined in his essays, the medical model is an approach to pathology that seeks to find medical treatments for symptoms and syndromes based on categorized diagnoses. We argue that such a model implicitly locates the pathology of trauma within the individual instead of within the person(s) who perpetrated the harm or the social and societal contexts in which it took place...
2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26275005/betrayal-trauma-and-child-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion
#12
Kerry L Gagnon, Anne P DePrince, Ann T Chu, McKayla Gorman, Megan M Saylor
Both mothers' and children's exposures to interpersonal violence-including betrayal traumas-are linked with heightened risk for children developing internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Despite this association, little research has examined additional factors that may explain this risk, such as emotion skills. The current study examined the relationship between mother-child emotion understanding abilities and use of emotion language on a behavioral facial affect perception task and betrayal trauma exposure in relation to child internalizing/externalizing symptoms...
2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26168348/alienation-appraisals-distinguish-adults-diagnosed-with-did-from-ptsd
#13
Anne P DePrince, Rafaële J C Huntjens, Martin J Dorahy
Studies are beginning to show the importance of appraisals to different types and severities of psychiatric disorders. Yet, little work in this area has assessed whether trauma-related appraisals can differentiate complex trauma-related disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociative identity disorder (DID). The current study evaluated whether any of 6 trauma-related appraisals distinguished adults diagnosed with DID from those diagnosed with PTSD. To accomplish this, we first examined the basic psychometric properties of a Dutch-translated short-form of the Trauma Appraisals Questionnaire (TAQ) in healthy control (n = 57), PTSD (n = 27) and DID (n = 12) samples...
November 2015: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121174/hypervigilance-in-college-students-associations-with-betrayal-and-dissociation-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-brief-hypervigilance-scale
#14
Rosemary E Bernstein, Brianna C Delker, Jeffrey A Knight, Jennifer J Freyd
Betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1994, 1996) proposes that traumas high in social betrayal are expected to lead to psychological outcomes of dissociation, amnesia, and/or shame because these responses are adaptive to a survivor trying to preserve a necessary relationship in the face of mistreatment. Within the field of trauma studies more generally, there is substantial support for the proposition that traumas that cause intense fear should lead to posttraumatic anxiety and hypervigilance. Despite ample evidence for both theorized causal pathways, very few studies have tested associations between betrayal exposure, hypervigilance, and dissociation...
September 2015: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26010111/disclosing-traumatic-experiences-correlates-context-and-consequences
#15
Brigid R Marriott, Cara C Lewis, Robyn L Gobin
The type and severity of traumatic events differentially predict negative posttraumatic outcomes, with betrayal traumas (in which the victim is perpetrated by someone s/he trusts) touted as the most harmful. Although disclosure is considered an important component of the "healing process," nondisclosure and delayed disclosure persist. This study explored factors predicting and the context surrounding disclosure as well as the link between disclosure timing and a trauma survivor's experience with depression...
March 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25876542/medea-by-euripides-psychic-constructions-for-preverbal-experiences-and-traumas
#16
Sotiris Manolopoulos
The author introduces Euripides's Medea as a metaphor of the psyche's attempt to express and symbolize preverbal, unrepresented experiences and wounds visited upon it before there was any word for trauma. He suggests that Medea, the wild foreigner whose murderous magic is unleashed when the facilitating environment betrays her, could be thought of psychoanalytically as the deepest uncharted realms of primitive, traumatized existence yearning to find a way to represent itself on the stage of language and reality...
April 2015: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25798478/the-eye-of-the-begetter-predicting-infant-attachment-disorganization-from-women-s-prenatal-interpretations-of-infant-facial-expressions
#17
Rosemary E Bernstein, Catherine M Tenedios, Heidemarie K Laurent, Jeffery R Measelle, Jennifer C Ablow
Infant-caregiver attachment disorganization has been linked to many long-term negative psychosocial outcomes. While various prevention programs appear to be effective in preventing disorganized attachment, methods currently used to identify those at risk are unfortunately either overly general or impractical. The current investigation tested whether women's prenatal biases in identifying infant expressions of emotion--tendencies previously shown to relate to some of the maternal variables associated with infant attachment, including maternal traumatization, trauma symptoms, and maternal sensitivity--could predict infant attachment classification at 18 months postpartum...
May 2014: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25793590/morally-injurious-experiences-and-meaning-in-salvadorian-teachers-exposed-to-violence
#18
Joseph M Currier, Jason M Holland, Lisseth Rojas-Flores, Sofia Herrera, David Foy
Helping professionals working to alleviate the effects of violence and injustice can confront morally injurious experiences (MIE) that violate deeply held moral values/beliefs, placing them at risk for burnout and trauma-related problems (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]). Focusing on 257 teachers from educational departments throughout El Salvador, we incorporated structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine (1) whether exposure to MIEs for this population (e.g., betrayal, witnessing harm to an innocent student) are directly linked with higher PTSD symptomatology and work-related burnout and (2) whether MIEs contribute to these outcomes via meaning made of trauma...
January 2015: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25793317/betray-my-trust-shame-on-me-shame-dissociation-fear-and-betrayal-trauma
#19
Melissa G Platt, Jennifer J Freyd
Recent research suggests that betrayal is a fundamental dimension of trauma that may be a major factor contributing to posttraumatic distress (Freyd & Birrell, 2013). In the current study using a college student sample of female trauma survivors, (N = 124; 79% Caucasian; mean age = 20.40, SD = 3.60), we examined the contribution of high- and low-betrayal trauma history to shame, dissociation, and fear responses to threat. We hypothesized that (a) overall, shame and dissociation would be higher following interpersonal compared with noninterpersonal threat; (b) high- but not low-betrayal trauma history would predict increased shame and dissociation following interpersonal threat; and (c) low- but not high-betrayal trauma history would predict increased fear following noninterpersonal threat...
July 2015: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25604864/on-the-social-constructionist-approach-to-traumatized-selves-in-post-disaster-settings-state-induced-violence-in-nandigram-india
#20
Kumar Ravi Priya
Through the use of concepts such as traumatization and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the distressing experiences of survivors are understood in psychology and psychiatry primarily as the behavioural symptoms resulting supposedly from an incomplete emotional and cognitive processing of traumatic events. Due to such an exclusive focus on the intra-psychic processes, besides the survivors' healing facilitated by cultural beliefs and symbols, their trauma-related distress associated with the cultural interpretation of loss is also generally ignored...
September 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
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