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Betrayal trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662102/richard-gartner-understanding-the-sexual-betrayal-of-boys-and-men-the-trauma-of-sexual-abuse-and-healing-sexually-betrayed-men-and-boys-treatment-for-sexual-abuse-assault-and-trauma
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558670/the-effects-of-gender-personal-trauma-history-and-memory-continuity-on-the-believability-of-child-sexual-abuse-disclosure-among-psychologists
#2
Alexandra Page, Natalie M V Morrison
Gender, a personal history of trauma and attitudes towards continuous vs recovered memories of abuse significantly impact the believability of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) disclosures in community samples. Yet, whether these variables influence the believability of CSA disclosure and subsequent clinical decisions made by practicing psychologists is underexplored. A vignette of trauma disclosure from a hypothetical adult client was presented via an online survey to 292 registered psychologists. Participants rated the believability of the disclosure, answered an open-ended item regarding treatment planning, and completed the Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey to measure personal trauma history...
March 17, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528102/moral-injury-process-and-its-psychological-consequences-among-israeli-combat-veterans
#3
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the link between exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS). We also aim to explore the mediating roles of depressive attributions, trauma-related guilt and shame, and self-disgust in the relationship between PMIEs and PTSS among combat veterans. METHOD: A volunteers' sample of 191 Israeli combat veterans responded to self-report questionnaires in a cross-sectional design study...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523199/the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-recent-stressors-and-depression-in-college-students-attending-a-south-african-university
#4
Sumaya Mall, Philippe Mortier, Lian Taljaard, Janine Roos, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner
BACKGROUND: College students are at risk of depression. This risk may be increased by the experience of childhood adversity and/or recent stressors. This study examined the association between reported experiences of childhood adversity, recent stressors and depression during the last 12 months in a cohort of South African university students. METHODS: Six hundred and eighty-six first year students at Stellenbosch University in South Africa completed a health-focused e-survey that included items on childhood adversity, recent stressors and mood...
March 9, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332560/social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-disclosure-a-qualitative-study-of-informal-support-dyads
#5
Katherine Lorenz, Sarah E Ullman, Anne Kirkner, Rupashree Mandala, Amanda L Vasquez, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir
This interview study examined 45 informal support dyads where sexual assault was disclosed. Analysis showed social reactions and appraisals of reactions varied by relationship type (family, friend, significant other). Themes identified were role reversal or "parentification" of supporters, reactions of anger and aggression toward perpetrators, supporters using their own trauma experiences to respond to survivors, and reactions of betrayal. Results revealed the potential for identifying relational patterns and dynamics occurring in social reactions through dyadic analysis not otherwise captured by a survivor-only perspective...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#6
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288343/psychological-outcomes-of-within-group-sexual-violence-evidence-of-cultural-betrayal
#7
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Cultural betrayal trauma theory is a new framework for understanding trauma-related mental health outcomes in immigrant and minority populations. The purpose of the current study is to empirically test cultural betrayal trauma theory. We hypothesized that the association between within-group sexual violence and mental health outcomes would be stronger for minorities. Participants (N = 368) were minority and majority college students, who completed online measures of sexual violence victimization and mental health outcomes...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285758/overwhelmed-by-emotion-pathways-from-revictimization-to-mothers-negative-emotional-responsivity
#8
Christina Gamache Martin, Hyoun K Kim, Jennifer J Freyd
Maternal history of childhood abuse has consistently been linked to increased risk for poor emotional adjustment and parenting as an adult. The aim of this study was to examine a model that may explain the link between maternal history of childhood abuse and mothers' tendencies to respond negatively to their adolescent children's negative emotions. A community sample of 66 mothers with adolescent children participated. Path analysis supported associations between mothers with a history of high betrayal trauma revictimization (i...
December 29, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240538/pathways-to-infidelity-the-roles-of-self-serving-bias-and-betrayal-trauma
#9
Benjamin Warach, Lawrence Josephs, Bernard S Gorman
This study employed a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to examine the interrelationships between the self-serving bias and various known predictors of sexual infidelity. Specifically, we sought to generate a path model depicting how the following variables jointly predict sexual infidelity perpetration: (1) insecure attachment, (2) pathological narcissism, (3) sexual narcissism, (4) primary psychopathy, (5) self-serving attributions for retaliatory infidelity, and (6) sexual betrayal victimization...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235951/with-a-kiss-betrayal
#10
Sandra Schmidt Bunkers
The author in this article explores theoretical perspectives on the humanbecoming ethical tenet of betrayal. Perspectives on betrayal include betrayal as a breach of promise, a betrayal continuum, betrayal as incidental and intentional, betrayal as moral injury, betrayal trauma, and the humanbecoming perspective of betrayal linked to feeling disappointed.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154593/shame-and-alienation-related-to-child-maltreatment-links-to-symptoms-across-generations
#11
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated associations between appraisals of shame and alienation related to mothers' own experiences of child maltreatment and symptoms across generations-in mothers themselves as well as their toddler/preschool-aged children. METHOD: Mothers who survived maltreatment (N = 113) with a child between the ages of 2 and 5 were recruited to participate in an online study on Maternal Coping, Attachment and Health. Mother participants completed a series of questionnaires, including those that asked about posttrauma appraisals of their own maltreatment experiences as well as their child's and their own mental health symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140560/negative-posttrauma-cognitions-mediate-the-association-between-morally-injurious-events-and-trauma-related-psychopathology-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#12
Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Denise S Zou, Blake S Schroedter, Niranjan S Karnik, Mark H Pollack, Alyson K Zalta
Exposure to potentially morally injurious events has been shown to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in military personnel. Few studies have examined factors that help to explain how potentially morally injurious events may contribute to the development of trauma-related psychopathology. Negative posttrauma cognitions are thought to play a role in the etiology of PTSD and depression following trauma; however, it is unclear whether more global beliefs about the self, others, and world play a role in the development of PTSD and depression due to morally injurious events...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#13
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569650/high-betrayal-child-sexual-abuse-and-hallucinations-a-test-of-an-indirect-effect-of-dissociation
#14
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Though hallucinations traditionally have been conceptualized as a central feature of psychosis, some hallucinations may be dissociative, with dissociation potentially contributing to hallucinations. Childhood trauma has been linked with dissociation and hallucinations. Betrayal trauma theory distinguishes abusive experiences based on closeness to the perpetrator. In the current study, we examined the indirect effect of dissociation on the relationship between high betrayal child sexual abuse (perpetrated by a close other) and hallucinations...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471335/do-participants-detect-sexual-abuse-depicted-in-a-drawing-investigating-the-impact-of-betrayal-trauma-exposure-on-state-dissociation-and-betrayal-awareness
#15
Robyn L Gobin, Jennifer Freyd
An inability to identify betrayal may increase risk for victimization. Harm perpetrated by close others early in life may impair the ability to identify betrayal and develop trust. Dissociation may facilitate impaired betrayal awareness. The present study examined the impact of high betrayal trauma on state dissociation and betrayal awareness in a college sample (N = 216). Self-report measures were used to assess trauma history and state dissociation. Awareness for betrayal was measured using a drawing depicting an ambiguous interpersonal interaction between an adult and a child...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370818/moral-injury-in-u-s-combat-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#16
Blair E Wisco, Brian P Marx, Casey L May, Brenda Martini, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Combat exposure is associated with increased risk of mental disorders and suicidality. Moral injury, or persistent effects of perpetrating or witnessing acts that violate one's moral code, may contribute to mental health problems following military service. The pervasiveness of potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among U.S. combat veterans, and what factors are associated with PMIEs in this population remains unknown. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a contemporary and nationally representative survey of a population-based sample of U...
March 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300483/victim-perpetrator-dynamics-through-the-lens-of-betrayal-trauma-theory
#17
Kerry L Gagnon, Michelle Seulki Lee, Anne P DePrince
Interpersonal trauma exposure is linked with a host of seemingly disparate outcomes for victims, such as psychological distress, post-trauma appraisals (e.g., alienation, shame), poor cognitive functioning, expectations of harm in relationships, and revictimization risk. The presence of interpersonal trauma alone may not fully explain this range of outcomes. The current paper applies Betrayal Trauma Theory (BTT), which was originally articulated two decades ago as a framework for understanding memory disruptions following interpersonal trauma, as a framework to understand the diverse outcomes that can occur when interpersonal trauma is perpetrated by a close other...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#18
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217971/posttraumatic-growth-in-relationally-betrayed-women
#19
Deb Laaser, Heather L Putney, Matthew Bundick, David L Delmonico, Elizabeth J Griffin
The research literature on relational betrayal in a committed relationship has focused on the resulting trauma from the betrayal; however, few studies investigated the potential for posttraumatic growth following a relational betrayal. This study investigated the presence of posttraumatic growth in relationally betrayed women. The research focused on women's perceptions of the relational betrayal, and factors that facilitated posttraumatic growth. Results indicated relationally betrayed women perceived the betrayal as a traumatic event, to the extent that some met criteria for PTSD diagnosis...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195013/betrayal-trauma-in-youth-and-negative-communication-during-a-stressful-task
#20
Vanessa M Jacoby, Elisa Krackow, Joseph R Scotti
Attachment-based theories and related research illustrate that emotion regulation develops in the context of a secure relationship between a child and caregiver. When a secure bond is broken, such as in the context of betrayal trauma, children fail to develop necessary emotion regulation skills which can lead to an array of relational problems. The current study examined the relations between betrayal trauma history, type of communication during a stressful interpersonal laboratory task, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of trauma-exposed adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
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