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Complex ptsd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527642/depressive-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-ed-care-in-patients-evaluated-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#1
Tara St Onge, Donald Edmondson, Emily Cea, Syed Husain, Bernard P Chang
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops in 1 out of 8 survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events, and these persons have a doubling of risk for recurrent ACS and mortality. Overcrowding in the emergency department during ACS evaluation has been associated with increased risk for PTSD, and depressed patients have been found to be particularly vulnerable. Little is known about the mechanisms by which overcrowding increases PTSD risk in depressed patients. Our aim was to evaluate one possible mechanism, patient perception of crowding and care, in depressed and nondepressed ED patients evaluated for ACS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505586/oscillatory-magnetic-brain-activity-is-related-to-dissociative-symptoms-and-childhood-adversities-a-study-in-women-with-multiple-trauma
#2
I Schalinski, J K Moran, T Elbert, V Reindl, C Wienbruch
BACKGROUND: Individuals with trauma-related disorders are complex and heterogeneous; part of this complexity derives from additional psychopathology like dissociation as well as environmental adversities such as traumatic stress, experienced throughout the lifespan. Understanding the neurophysiological abnormalities in Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires a simultaneous consideration of these factors. METHODS: Resting state magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings were obtained from 41 women with PTSD and comorbid depressive symptoms, and 16 healthy women...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469582/exploring-the-intersections-of-trauma-structural-adversity-and-psychosis-among-a-primarily-african-american-sample-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#3
Cherise Rosen, Nev Jones, Eleanor Longden, Kayla A Chase, Mona Shattell, Jennifer K Melbourne, Sarah K Keedy, Rajiv P Sharma
Traumatic life events (TLEs) have been associated with multiple psychiatric diagnoses, including anxiety disorders, major depression, PTSD, and psychosis. To advance our understanding of the complex interactions between forms of adversity as they manifest across the lifespan, psychosis, and symptom content, we undertook a mixed-methods investigation of TLEs and psychosis. Our research explored the association between cumulative exposures, type of TLE, and proximity to the traumatic event and psychosis; the association between TLEs and clinical symptomology including specific types of delusions and/or hallucinations; and how qualitative data further inform understanding of complex relationships and patterns of past trauma and symptoms as they unfold over time...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466647/a-light-in-a-sea-of-darkness-the-moderating-role-of-emotional-complexity-in-the-ptsd-symptoms-successful-aging-association
#4
Ehud Bodner, Yaakov Hoffman, Yuval Palgi, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the underexplored effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on objective and subjective successful aging and to inquire whether emotional complexity moderates these effects. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 127, mean age = 67.86, SD = 11.07) rated their PTSD symptoms and completed measures of objective and subjective successful aging. They further reported their emotions on a daily basis over 14 days...
May 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451074/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#5
Angela Nickerson, Marylene Cloitre, Richard A Bryant, Ulrich Schnyder, Naser Morina, Matthis Schick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451073/response-to-the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#6
Ad de Jongh, Iva A E Bicanic, Rafaele J C Huntjens, Henk A L Kiers, Mark van der Gaag, Arjen J van Wijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#7
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439101/largest-gwas-of-ptsd-n-20%C3%A2-070-yields-genetic-overlap-with-schizophrenia-and-sex-differences-in-heritability
#8
L E Duncan, A Ratanatharathorn, A E Aiello, L M Almli, A B Amstadter, A E Ashley-Koch, D G Baker, J C Beckham, L J Bierut, J Bisson, B Bradley, C-Y Chen, S Dalvie, L A Farrer, S Galea, M E Garrett, J E Gelernter, G Guffanti, M A Hauser, E O Johnson, R C Kessler, N A Kimbrel, A King, N Koen, H R Kranzler, M W Logue, A X Maihofer, A R Martin, M W Miller, R A Morey, N R Nugent, J P Rice, S Ripke, A L Roberts, N L Saccone, J W Smoller, D J Stein, M B Stein, J A Sumner, M Uddin, R J Ursano, D E Wildman, R Yehuda, H Zhao, M J Daly, I Liberzon, K J Ressler, C M Nievergelt, K C Koenen
The Psychiatric Genomics Consortium-Posttraumatic Stress Disorder group (PGC-PTSD) combined genome-wide case-control molecular genetic data across 11 multiethnic studies to quantify PTSD heritability, to examine potential shared genetic risk with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder and to identify risk loci for PTSD. Examining 20 730 individuals, we report a molecular genetics-based heritability estimate (h(2)SNP) for European-American females of 29% that is similar to h(2)SNP for schizophrenia and is substantially higher than h(2)SNP in European-American males (estimate not distinguishable from zero)...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393267/charting-the-perfect-storm-emerging-biological-interfaces-between-stress-and-stroke
#9
REVIEW
G Kronenberg, J Schöner, C Nolte, A Heinz, M Endres, Karen Gertz
A growing body of evidence demonstrates that psychosocial stress is an important and often underestimated risk factor for cardiovascular disease such as myocardial infarction and stroke. In this article, we map out major biological interfaces between stress, stress-related psychiatric disorders, and stroke, placing special emphasis on the fact that stress and psychiatric disorders may be both cause and consequence of cardiovascular disease. Apart from high-risk lifestyle habits such as smoking and lack of exercise, neuroendocrine dysregulation, alterations of the hemostatic system, increased oxidative stress, and inflammatory changes have been implicated in stress-related endothelial dysfunction...
April 9, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374949/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-beyond-an-overview-of-rodent-stress-models
#10
REVIEW
Johanna Schöner, Andreas Heinz, Matthias Endres, Karen Gertz, Golo Kronenberg
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder of high prevalence and major socioeconomic impact. Patients suffering from PTSD typically present intrusion and avoidance symptoms and alterations in arousal, mood and cognition that last for more than 1 month. Animal models are an indispensable tool to investigate underlying pathophysiological pathways and, in particular, the complex interplay of neuroendocrine, genetic and environmental factors that may be responsible for PTSD induction. Since the 1960s, numerous stress paradigms in rodents have been developed, based largely on Seligman's seminal formulation of 'learned helplessness' in canines...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374655/childhood-maltreatment-in-children-born-of-occupation-after-wwii-in-germany-and-its-association-with-mental-disorders
#11
Heide Glaesmer, Philipp Kuwert, Elmar Braehler, Marie Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Children born of war are a common phenomenon of conflict. In the aftermath of World War II, more than 200,000 German occupation children (GOC) were fathered by occupation soldiers and born to local women. GOC often grew up under difficult conditions and showed high prevalence rates of mental disorders even decades later. METHODS: Experiences of childhood maltreatment and their association with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and somatization in GOC (N = 146) are investigated and compared with a representative birth-cohort-matched sample (BCMS) from the German general population (N = 920)...
April 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372459/a-clinical-update-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-burn-injury-survivors
#12
Loyola McLean, Runsen Chen, Julia Kwiet, Jeffrey Streimer, John Vandervord, Rachel Kornhaber
OBJECTIVES: Burn injuries are complex traumatic events carrying high risks of acute physical and psychosocial morbidity. With greater survival, clinical and research attention has turned to psychosocial recovery outcomes and risk factors. It is timely to summarise current issues in post-traumatic disorders after burn injury for mental health and integrative care clinicians. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common outcome of severe burn injury. There are difficulties in delivering current best practice treatments to many survivors especially those in rural and remote areas and those with comorbidities...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367256/investigating-differences-in-brain-functional-networks-using-hierarchical-covariate-adjusted-independent-component-analysis
#13
Ran Shi, Ying Guo
Human brains perform tasks via complex functional networks consisting of separated brain regions. A popular approach to characterize brain functional networks in fMRI studies is independent component analysis (ICA), which is a powerful method to reconstruct latent source signals from their linear mixtures. In many fMRI studies, an important goal is to investigate how brain functional networks change according to specific clinical and demographic variabilities. Existing ICA methods, however, cannot directly incorporate covariate effects in ICA decomposition...
December 2016: Annals of Applied Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361213/food-addiction-as-a-proxy-for-eating-disorder-and-obesity-severity-trauma-history-ptsd-symptoms-and-comorbidity
#14
REVIEW
Timothy D Brewerton
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) is a newly defined yet still controversial condition that has important etiological, developmental, treatment, prevention, and social policy implications. In this review, the case is made that FA (or high scores on the Yale Food Addiction Scale) may be used as a proxy measure for a matrix of interrelated clinical features, including greater eating disorder severity, greater obesity severity, more severe trauma histories, greater symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), greater psychiatric comorbidity, as well as greater medical morbidity and mortality...
March 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350151/-the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-metabolic-syndrome-an-overview
#15
S M Dieleman, J P de Jong
BACKGROUND: In this article we discuss the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and metabolic syndrome (MbS). AIM: To assess the prevalence of MbS in patients with PTSD, establish which factors are involved and to consider what the implications are for clinical practice. METHOD: We performed a systematic search of the literature, using Medline, Embase Psychiatry and PsycINFO covering the period January 1990 up to and including October 2014...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347379/evaluation-of-a-trauma-focused-cbt-training-programme-for-iapt-services
#16
Hannah Murray
BACKGROUND: Therapists in Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services are often expected to treat complex presentations of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), such as individuals with multiple, prolonged or early life trauma histories and significant co-morbidity, for which they have received minimal training. Although high recovery rates for PTSD have been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials, these are not always replicated in routine practice, suggesting that training interventions are required to fill the research-practice gap...
March 28, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347146/complex-ptsd-a-better-description-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Jayashri Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: To consider the use of the diagnostic category 'complex post-traumatic stress disorder' (c-PTSD) as detailed in the forthcoming ICD-11 classification system as a less stigmatising, more clinically useful term, instead of the current DSM-5 defined condition of 'borderline personality disorder' (BPD). CONCLUSIONS: Trauma, in its broadest definition, plays a key role in the development of both c-PTSD and BPD. Given this current lack of differentiation between these conditions, and the high stigma faced by people with BPD, it seems reasonable to consider using the diagnostic term 'complex post-traumatic stress disorder' to decrease stigma and provide a trauma-informed approach for BPD patients...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342139/exploring-the-link-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-inflammation-related-medical-conditions-an-epidemiological-examination
#18
Jack Tsai, Jianxun Shen
There have been few epidemiological studies exploring the link between PTSD and inflammation using population-based samples. This study examined the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and inflammation-related medical conditions using data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using a representative sample of 1,527 residents in New York City, the association between PTSD and 17 inflammation-related medical conditions were examined. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted, adjusting for demographic characteristics and lifetime depression...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342071/estimating-psychological-networks-and-their-accuracy-a-tutorial-paper
#19
Sacha Epskamp, Denny Borsboom, Eiko I Fried
The usage of psychological networks that conceptualize behavior as a complex interplay of psychological and other components has gained increasing popularity in various research fields. While prior publications have tackled the topics of estimating and interpreting such networks, little work has been conducted to check how accurate (i.e., prone to sampling variation) networks are estimated, and how stable (i.e., interpretation remains similar with less observations) inferences from the network structure (such as centrality indices) are...
March 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341697/risk-factors-for-persistence-of-lower-respiratory-symptoms-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#20
Hannah T Jordan, Stephen M Friedman, Joan Reibman, Roberta M Goldring, Sara A Miller Archie, Felix Ortega, Howard Alper, Yongzhao Shao, Carey B Maslow, James E Cone, Mark R Farfel, Kenneth I Berger
OBJECTIVES: We studied the course of lower respiratory symptoms (LRS; cough, wheeze or dyspnoea) among community members exposed to the 9/11/2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during a period of 12-13 years following the attacks, and evaluated risk factors for LRS persistence, including peripheral airway dysfunction and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Non-smoking adult participants in a case-control study of post-9/11-onset LRS (exam 1, 2008-2010) were recruited for follow-up (exam 2, 2013-2014)...
March 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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