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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208077/personality-dimensions-in-schizophrenia-a-family-study
#1
Vina M Goghari
Studies have demonstrated that personality traits differ in schizophrenia patients and family members compared to controls, suggesting familial risk. This study evaluated personality traits in a family study of schizophrenia, as well as the relationship between personality traits and symptoms and social functioning in schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two schizophrenia patients, 28 adult non-psychotic relatives, and 27 community controls completed the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206792/christian-self-enhancement
#2
Jochen E Gebauer, Constantine Sedikides, Alexandra Schrade
People overestimate themselves in domains that are central to their self-concept. Critically, the psychological status of this "self-centrality principle" remains unclear. One view regards the principle as an inextricable part of human nature and, thus, as universal and resistant to normative pressure. A contrasting view regards the principle as liable to pressure (and subsequent modification) from self-effacement norms, thus questioning its universality. Advocates of the latter view point to Christianity's robust self-effacement norms, which they consider particularly effective in curbing self-enhancement, and ascribe Christianity an ego-quieting function...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204806/paediatric-bone-and-joint-infections-in-french-guiana-a-6-year-retrospective-review
#3
Lindsay Osei, Nawal El Houmami, Philippe Minodier, Anicet Sika, Thierry Basset, Hervé Seligmann, Anne Terraz, Magalie Demar, Jacques Pochard, Jérôme Clouzeau, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Narcisse Elenga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197113/what-is-seen-is-who-you-are-are-cues-in-selfie-pictures-related-to-personality-characteristics
#4
Bojan Musil, Andrej Preglej, Tadevž Ropert, Lucia Klasinc, Nenad Č Babič
Developments and innovation in the areas of mobile information technology, digital media and social networks foster new reflections on computer-mediated communication research, especially in the field of self-presentation. In this context, the selfie as a self-portrait photo is interesting, because as a meaningful gesture, it actively and directly relates the content of the photo to the author of the picture. From the perspective of the selfie as an image and the impression it forms, in the first part of the research we explored the distinctive characteristics of selfie pictures; moreover, from the perspective of the potential reflection of a selfie image on the personality of its author, in the second part we related the characteristics of selfie pictures to various personality constructs (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196111/epidemiological-assessment-of-the-severity-of-dengue-epidemics-in-french-guiana
#5
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Christelle Prince, Philippe Abboud, Vanessa Ardillon, Luisiane Carvalho, Magalie Demar, Rachida Boukhari, Martine Papaix-Puech, Narcisse Elenga, Dominique Rousset, Séverine Matheus, Mathieu Nacher, Philippe Quenel, Félix Djossou
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is the most important arboviral infection that affects humans, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Here, we provide the first comprehensive overview of the severity of dengue epidemics in French Guiana. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We monitored hospitalized cases between 2008 and 2013. Detailed clinical features and biological parameters were collected on a daily basis from all cases. Among the 1,356 cases, 216 (16%) were classified according to the WHO 2009 classification as dengue without warning signs (WS), 926 (68%) were classified as dengue with WS and 214 (16%) were classified as severe dengue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191317/intersect-between-self-esteem-and-emotion-regulation-in-narcissistic-personality-disorder-implications-for-alliance-building-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Elsa Ronningstam
Building an alliance with patients with pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder, NPD, can be challenging and include avoidance, negative reactivity and disruptions. A main contributing factor can be the complex interaction between emotion and self-esteem regulation, which affects patients' ability to engage in a therapeutic alliance and treatment. Recent studies, especially in neuroscience have identified functional characteristic and compromises in self-esteem and emotion regulation related to NPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186693/science-narcissism-and-the-quest-for-visibility
#7
Bruno Lemaitre
Most scientists will admit that there are aspects of science (sometimes called 'politics') that go far beyond scientific rationality but that nevertheless have a tremendous impact on the practice of science. Power struggles and ego battles are, for instance, quite prevalent in the academic world, notably in our so-called elite institutions. At first sight, this might surprise an external observer, because scientists are usually perceived as being modest searchers for the truth and of working collectively for the advancement of science...
February 10, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174546/once-an-impression-manager-always-an-impression-manager-antecedents-of-honest-and-deceptive-impression-management-use-and-variability-across-multiple-job-interviews
#8
Nicolas Roulin, Joshua S Bourdage
Research has examined the antecedents of applicants' use of impression management (IM) tactics in employment interviews. All existing empirical studies have measured IM in one particular interview. Yet, applicants generally interview multiple times for different positions, and thus have multiple opportunities to engage in IM, before they can secure a job. Similarly, recent theoretical advances in personnel selection and IM research have suggested that applicant behaviors should be considered as dynamic and adaptive in nature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170106/narcissism-and-social-networking-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#9
Timo Gnambs, Markus Appel
OBJECTIVE: The increasing popularity of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter has given rise to speculations that the intensity of using these platforms is associated with narcissistic tendencies. However, recent research on this issue has been all but conclusive. METHOD: We present a three-level, random-effects meta-analysis including 289 effect sizes from 57 studies (total N = 25,631) on the association between trait narcissism and social networking behavior...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170100/vulnerable-narcissism-is-mostly-a-disorder-of-neuroticism
#10
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Colin Vize, Michael Crowe, Chelsea Sleep, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Lauren R Few, W Keith Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention has been paid to the distinction between the dimensions of narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability. We examine the degree to which basic traits underlie vulnerable narcissism with a particular emphasis on the importance of neuroticism and agreeableness. METHODS: Across four samples (undergraduate, online community, clinical-community), we conduct dominance analyses to partition the variance predicted in vulnerable narcissism by the five-factor model personality domains...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144225/the-selfie-paradox-nobody-seems-to-like-them-yet-everyone-has-reasons-to-take-them-an-exploration-of-psychological-functions-of-selfies-in-self-presentation
#11
Sarah Diefenbach, Lara Christoforakos
Selfies appear as a double-edged phenomenon. Taking, posting, and viewing selfies has become a daily habit for many. At the same time, research revealed that selfies often evoke criticism and disrespect, and are associated with non-authenticity and narcissism. The present study (N = 238) sheds further light on the somewhat contradictory phenomenon of selfies and their psychological value. In addition to previous studies on selfies and personality traits, the present research explores relations to popular, habitual self-presentation strategies, self-reflections on own and others' selfie-taking behavior, selfie-related affect, and perceived consequences of selfies, by applying a combination of self-constructed and existing scales [e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132598/the-narcissism-spectrum-model
#12
Zlatan Krizan, Anne D Herlache
The narcissism spectrum model synthesizes extensive personality, social-psychological, and clinical evidence, building on existing knowledge about narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability to reveal a view of narcissism that respects its clinical origins, embraces the diversity and complexity of its expression, and reflects extensive scientific evidence about the continuity between normal and abnormal personality expression. Critically, the proposed model addresses three key, inter-related problems that have plagued narcissism scholarship for more than a century...
January 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130728/investigating-measurement-equivalence-of-visual-analogue-scales-and-likert-type-scales-in-internet-based-personality-questionnaires
#13
Tim Kuhlmann, Michael Dantlgraber, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
Visual analogue scales (VASs) have shown superior measurement qualities in comparison to traditional Likert-type response scales in previous studies. The present study expands the comparison of response scales to properties of Internet-based personality scales in a within-subjects design. A sample of 879 participants filled out an online questionnaire measuring Conscientiousness, Excitement Seeking, and Narcissism. The questionnaire contained all instruments in both answer scale versions in a counterbalanced design...
January 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125250/pathological-narcissism-and-the-severity-variability-and-instability-of-depressive-symptoms
#14
Sindes Dawood, Aaron L Pincus
This study extended previous theory and cross-sectional research on narcissism-depression associations by taking a prospective longitudinal approach to examining how pathological narcissism relates to the severity, within-person variability, within-person instability, and change in depressive symptoms among a sample of 235 undergraduate students assessed weekly for 8 weeks. Findings revealed that, at baseline, pathological narcissism was concurrently positively associated with multiple measures of depressive symptoms (e...
January 26, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124372/how-likable-are-personality-disorder-and-general-personality-traits-to-those-who-possess-them
#15
Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate whether having higher scores on maladaptive personality traits was related to rating these traits as more likable. METHOD: Two studies were conducted, one with personality disorder traits (N = 219; Mean age = 19.4; 63.8% female; 76.6% Caucasian) and one with general personality traits (N = 198; Mean age = 19.5; 69.7% female; 77.3% Caucasian). In each study, participants self-rated their own personality and separately provided ratings of how "likable" they considered those personality traits...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123136/association-of-adaptive-and-maladaptive-narcissism-with-personal-burnout-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Roland VON Känel, Raphael M Herr, Annelies E M VAN Vianen, Burkhard Schmidt
Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1461employees (mean age 41.3±9.4 years, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107541/recent-themes-in-social-networking-service-research
#17
John S Liu, Mei Hsiu-Ching Ho, Louis Y Y Lu
The body of literature addressing the phenomenon related to social networking services (SNSs) has grown rather fast recently. Through a systematic and quantitative approach, this study identifies the recent SNS research themes, which are the issues discussed by a coherent and growing subset of this literature. A set of academic articles retrieved from the Web of Science database is used as the basis for uncovering the recent themes. We begin the analysis by constructing a citation network which is further separated into groups after applying a widely used clustering method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105766/sex-and-dark-times-strategy-the-dark-triad-and-time-perspective
#18
Fernando R G Moraga, Ali A Nima, Danilo Garcia
We investigated the effect of sex on associations between dark traits and time perspective dimensions. Responses by participants (N = 338) to the Short Dark Triad Inventory and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory showed that while sex was involved in different time perspective associations of Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism, it did not moderate the dark times' strategy.
January 20, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105661/college-instruction-is-not-so-stress-free-after-all-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study-of-academic-entitlement-uncivil-behaviors-and-instructor-strain-and-burnout
#19
Lixin Jiang, Thomas M Tripp, Phan Y Hong
The vast majority of today's college students are millennials, who have traits of confidence, tolerance, but also of entitlement and narcissism (Twenge, 2006). Therefore, college instructors face a unique challenge: dealing with the requests from academically entitled students, who have unreasonable expectations of receiving academic success, regardless of performance (Chowning & Campbell, 2009). We conducted two studies to examine whether student academic entitlement would increase instructors' strain and burnout via uncivil behaviors...
January 19, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093758/from-freudian-narcissism-to-the-buddhist-notion-of-anatman-via-jung-s-idea-of-identity
#20
François Martin-Vallas
Starting from the question the youthful Carl Gustav pondered as he sat on 'his' stone - 'Am I he who sits on the stone, or am I the stone on which he sits?' - the author has attempted to show that, for Jung, the idea of identity is founded on a wilful non-determination. This stance results in ethical and methodological repercussions that differentiate it both from the Freudian project and from Hindu and Buddhist thought, while at the same time having much in common with them. The paper refers to the notions of emergence and (Varela et al...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
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