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Narcissism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641202/pathological-narcissism-and-maladaptive-self-regulatory-behaviours-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadian-men
#1
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
Clinical observation has linked externalizing coping strategies such as substance overuse and aggressive behaviours with narcissistic personality dysfunction. This study examined the relationship between pathological narcissism and maladaptive self-regulatory behaviours among Canadian men. An online survey was distributed among a stratified, nationally representative sample of 1000 men from across Canada. The survey included brief self-report measures of pathological narcissism, maladaptive externalizing coping behaviours, and general psychological distress...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639483/assessing-narcissism-using-rorschach-based-imagery-and-behavior-validated-by-clinician-reports-studies-with-adult-patients-and-nonpatients
#2
Emanuela S Gritti, David P Marino, Margherita Lang, Gregory J Meyer
We evaluate 11 Rorschach variables with potential for assessing grandiosity and narcissism. Seven of these variables were drawn from previous literature: Omnipotence, Idealization, Reflection, Personal Knowledge Justification, Exhibitionism, Magic, and Elevated Mood States; four were developed for this research: Expanded Personal Reference, Narcissistic Devaluation, Narcissistic Deflation, and Narcissistic Denial. Using Rorschach protocols from American normative adults and Italian adult outpatients, the dimensional structure of these variables was evaluated by principal components analysis, and validity was tested by correlations with clinician ratings of narcissism on two scales from the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 that were made after at least five sessions with the primary clinician...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638134/melancholia-narcissism-and-depression
#3
Teresa Pinheiro, Julio Verztman, Diane Viana
This paper discusses ideas about depression as a paradigmatic symptom of contemporaneous psychological suffering and makes a comparison between depression and melancholia. The ideas we describe were stimulated by two comparative studies that were conducted based on an analysis of how depressed subjects relate to the concept of desire, their feelings of shame and their self-image in today's age.
September 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632514/childhood-precursors-of-the-narcissistic-personality
#4
Phebe Cramer
This research identifies the childhood personality characteristics that predict the presence of narcissism in adulthood. Using data from the longitudinal study of Block and Block (The California Child Q-set. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1980), childhood personality characteristics were assessed at age 11 (N = 100) using the California Child Q-set. A number of these were shown to differentially predict the presence of grandiose or vulnerable narcissism at age 23. Factor analyses of the Child Q-set items showed that the presence of Grandiose Narcissism was positively related to childhood factors representing social presence and negatively related to planfulness...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618886/emotional-sequelae-of-elective-abortion-the-role-of-guilt-and-shame
#5
Donna Krupkin Whitney
Although estimates vary, many women experience long-term emotional, spiritual, psychological and interpersonal difficulties following abortion, including complicated grief, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and relationship disturbances. Developmental, drive, object-relations and narcissism models for perinatal loss also illuminate the dynamics of post-abortion syndromes. Guilt and shame play important roles in generating and concealing post-abortion sequelae. Pastoral care and healthcare providers can increase their awareness of post-abortion sequelae and provide effective care for women experiencing these syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617000/how-do-leaders-react-when-treated-unfairly-leader-narcissism-and-self-interested-behavior-in-response-to-unfair-treatment
#6
Haiyang Liu, Jack Ting-Ju Chiang, Ryan Fehr, Minya Xu, Siting Wang
In this article we employ a trait activation framework to examine how unfairness perceptions influence narcissistic leaders' self-interested behavior, and the downstream implications of these effects for employees' pro-social and voice behaviors. Specifically, we propose that narcissistic leaders are particularly likely to engage in self-interested behavior when they perceive that their organizations treat them unfairly, and that this self-interested behavior in turn decreases followers' pro-social behavior and voice...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613132/the-wheel-and-the-ladder-freudian-and-loewaldian-accounts-of-individuation
#7
Linus Recht
In this paper, I use comparisons of Freud, Loewald, and Plato to explore what it means to individuate and to desire in a world of frustration, pain, and loss. The metaphors of the "wheel" versus the "ladder" present basic images for Freud's tragic conception of a person's emerging into a world of pain, transience and loss, in contrast to Loewald's sense of individuation as an increasing attainment of individual ego and world enrichment, constructed from metabolized grieved objects. I then argue that Plato's Symposium offers comparable visions of the possibilities of love, and that the juxtaposition of Freud and Loewald can be connected to ancient philosophical considerations...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604264/emotional-uses-of-facebook-and-twitter
#8
Jose Errasti, Isaac Amigo, Manuel Villadangos
Facebook and Twitter have change interpersonal relationships. Adolescents are the sector of the population who use most these networks. They use them in an emotional way, to express their emotions and to comment on those of others. Empathy, narcissism, and self-esteem may play an important role in the use of these networks. Using a sample of 503 Spanish adolescents (272 males, 231 females), this work studies the relationship between the Basic Empathy Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and emotional and empathic use of Facebook and Twitter...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603508/not-all-selfies-took-alike-distinct-selfie-motivations-are-related-to-different-personality-characteristics
#9
Shir Etgar, Yair Amichai-Hamburger
Selfies have become a frequent and commonplace occurrence, though the reasons which lead people to take selfies remain unclear. This research explores what motivates selfie taking, and suggests that this is not a uniform phenomenon and varying motivations may be found among selfie takers. In addition, the connection between these distinct selfie motivations and personality characteristics, including the big five, narcissism, and self-esteem, as well as types of selfie behaviors are examined. At the first stage of the research, 117 participants filled out a questionnaire dealing with their reasons for taking selfies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579967/leader-narcissism-and-outcomes-in-organizations-a-review-at-multiple-levels-of-analysis-and-implications-for-future-research
#10
REVIEW
Susanne Braun
Narcissists often pursue leadership and are selected for leadership positions by others. At the same time, they act in their own best interest, putting the needs and interests of others at risk. While theoretical arguments clearly link narcissism and leadership, the question whether leader narcissism is good or bad for organizations and their members remains unanswered. Narcissism seems to have two sides, a bright and a dark one. This systematic literature review seeks to contribute to the ongoing academic discussion about the positive or negative impact of leader narcissism in organizations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556413/concomitant-screening-for-liver-fibrosis-and-steatosis-in-french-type-2-diabetic-patients-using-fibroscan
#11
Dominique Roulot, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval, Gisele Nkontchou, Narcisse Kouacou, Jean Luc Costes, Ghassan Elourimi, Hervé Le Clesiau, Marianne Ziol, Michel Beaugrand
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for steatohepatitis and fibrosis. Non-invasive liver stiffness (LS) and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) measurements by Fibroscan allow assessing liver fat and fibrosis. AIM: To determine the prevalence of steatosis and significant fibrosis in a community-based diabetic population METHODS: LS and CAP were measured in 705 patients using the standard "M probe". A second "XL probe" was used, without CAP measurement, in case of failure with the "M probe"...
May 27, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544862/narcissistic-force-meets-systemic-resistance-the-energy-clash-model
#12
Constantine Sedikides, W Keith Campbell
This article focuses on the interplay between narcissistic leaders and organizations. It attempts to capture the gist of this interplay with a model outlining the narcissistic organizational trajectory. The Energy Clash Model borrows and adapts a phase/state physics metaphor to conceptualize narcissism as a force that enters or emerges in a stable system (i.e., organization) as a leader, destabilizes it, and stabilizes it at a different state or is expelled. The model consists of three time-contingent phases: perturbation, conflict, and resolution...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544739/factor-analysis-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-dark-triad-dirty-dozen
#13
Danilo Garcia, Shane MacDonald, Max Rapp-Ricciardi
The aim of this study was to test the proposed three-factor structure of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen measure. A confirmatory factor analysis showed mixed evidence for model fit. In contrast to expectations, men did not score significantly higher than women in Machiavellianism and narcissism. Nevertheless, men scored higher than women in psychopathy.
May 22, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537767/assessing-dimensions-of-pathological-narcissism-psychometric-properties-of-the-short-form-of-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory-in-a-sample-of-italian-university-students
#14
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Joshua D Miller
To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory-Short Form (FFNI-SF), 1,063 Italian university students were administered the scale, along with the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) and the Measure of Disordered Personality Functioning (MDPF). In general, the FFNI-SF scales showed good internal consistency (median α = .76; median interitem r = .44) and structural analyses suggested a 3-component model of FFNI-SF scales that was similar to that reported by Sherman et al...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536549/self-in-art-self-as-art-museum-selfies-as-identity-work
#15
Robert Kozinets, Ulrike Gretzel, Anja Dinhopl
Selfies, digital images characterized by the desire to frame the self in a picture taken to be shared with an online audience, are important reflections of the contemporary self. Much extant psychological research on selfies has taken a pathologizing view of the phenomenon, focusing on its relationship to narcissism. Our investigation seeks to contribute to a holistic, contextualized and cultural perspective. We focus on the context of museums, places where art, history, education, and culture merge into the selfie taking behaviors of patrons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524048/infantile-systemic-hyalinosis-a-report-of-two-new-cases-one-with-prolonged-survival
#16
Narcisse Elenga, Claude Chenel, Marianne Besnard, Jérôme Pasche, Stéphane Darteyre, Hélène Gatti, Marie-Paule De Barthez, Francisca Yang, Alain Verloes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513344/pathological-narcissism-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#17
Sindes Dawood, Hans S Schroder, M Brent Donnellan, Aaron L Pincus
Few studies have examined associations between pathological narcissism and self-harm, but those that do indicate that narcissistic vulnerability (not narcissistic grandiosity) relates to self-harm. The current study extends this literature by investigating how facets of pathological narcissism assessed by the Pathological Narcissism Inventory relate to specific nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors assessed by the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury using statistical models appropriate for non-normally distributed count data...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509415/ratings-of-affective-and-interpersonal-tendencies-differ-for-grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-a-replication-and-extension-of-gore-widiger
#18
Courtland S Hyatt, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Thomas A Widiger, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptions of narcissism have long been characterized by two seemingly opposing poles: grandiosity and vulnerability. The goal of the current study was to investigate the extent to which traits associated with one profile are perceived to co-occur with the other within an individual. METHOD: Lay raters (n = 862; 56% female; 80% Caucasian; mean age = 37) recruited from Amazon's MTurk and assigned to one of four conditions in which they rated how often a series of narcissistic traits were displayed by a prototypical grandiose narcissist, vulnerable narcissist, a close friend, or themselves...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489741/salmonella-enterica-serovar-panama-meningitis-in-exclusive-breastfeeding-infants-report-of-4-cases-clinical-features-and-therapeutic-challenges
#19
Narcisse Elenga, Emma Cuadro, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka H Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Fanny Henaff, Aba Mahamat
RATIONALE: The pathway of Nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis, especially in exclusive breastfeeding infants, has not been well characterized. PATIENT CONCERNS: We analyzed data related to nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis in 4 infants. DIAGNOSES: No diarrhea was observed and the coproculture was negative for all patients. INTERVENTIONS: Early diagnosis and treatment with combination of third-generation cephalosporins plus quinolones for a minimum of 3 weeks is necessary to avoid severe sequelae and death...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467630/psychological-traits-predict-impaired-awareness-of-deficits-independently-of-neuropsychological-factors-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Zorry Belchev, Neta Levy, Itamar Berman, Hila Levinzon, Dan Hoofien, Asaf Gilboa
OBJECTIVES: To dissociate injury-related factors from psychological contributions to impaired awareness of deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI); impaired awareness is theorized to partly reflect psychological factors (e.g., denial), but empirical evidence for this theory is scarce. DESIGN: We examined how different factors predict awareness in patients undergoing rehabilitation (N = 43). Factors included (1) neurological (injury severity), (2) neuropsychological loss, (3) psychological (denial, projection, identification), and (4) personality (narcissism)...
May 3, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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