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Sara Schapiro-Halberstam, Lawrence Josephs
Narcissistic men that engage in out-of-control extra-marital sex can be challenging to treat when their cultural background reinforces their misogyny and sense of entitlement, as it does among ultra-orthodox Jewish men. A case study illustrates the challenges for a female clinician helping an unfaithful, married, narcissistic male from an ultra-orthodox Jewish background refrain from seeing prostitutes when he devalued the approach of his female therapist. The patient had to learn that he was not entitled to women's love and respect, but that he needed to earn it by transcending his egocentrism and demonstrating empathy rather than contempt for women...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Barbara Nevicka, Annelies E M Van Vianen, Annebel H B De Hoogh, Bart C M Voorn
Although narcissists often emerge as leaders, research has thus far shown inconsistent results on the relationship between leader narcissism and effectiveness in the eyes of followers. Here we draw on leader distance theory (Shamir, 1995) and implicit leader theory (Lord & Maher, 1991) to propose that followers' assessment of a narcissistic leader and followers' overall job attitudes depend on the leader's visibility to the followers. The more opportunities followers have to observe narcissistic leaders the more they will experience these leaders' toxic behavior (e...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
Pete Buth, Benoit de Gryse, Sean Healy, Vincent Hoedt, Tara Newell, Giovanni Pintaldi, Hernan Del Valle, Julian C Sheather, Sidney Wong
Humanitarian organisations often work alongside those responsible for serious wrongdoing. In these circumstances, accusations of moral complicity are sometimes levelled at decision makers. These accusations can carry a strong if unfocused moral charge and are frequently the source of significant moral unease. In this paper, we explore the meaning and usefulness of complicity and its relation to moral accountability. We also examine the impact of concerns about complicity on the motivation of humanitarian staff and the risk that complicity may lead to a retreat into moral narcissism...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Michael J Diamond
Manifestations of failures in both symbolic and actual flesh-and-blood fathering reveal the inescapable role played by the father's unconscious transmissions in the ever present triadic matrix. Perelberg's crucial distinction between the murdered narcissistic father and the dead symbolic father suggests the problematic internalizations that fail to uphold the paternal law required for oedipal resolution. Three father-child narratives derived from classical literature and mythology are presented in order to elucidate significant unconscious paternal fantasies pertaining to lethal rivalry and neglect of the child's otherness...
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Sara Konrath, Brian P Meier, Brad J Bushman
Empathy involves feeling compassion for others and imagining how they feel. In this article, we develop and validate the Single Item Trait Empathy Scale (SITES), which contains only one item that takes seconds to complete. In seven studies (N=5,724), the SITES was found to be both reliable and valid. It correlated in expected ways with a wide variety of intrapersonal outcomes. For example, it is negatively correlated with narcissism, depression, anxiety, and alexithymia. In contrast, it is positively correlated with other measures of empathy, self-esteem, subjective well-being, and agreeableness...
April 2018: Journal of Research in Personality
Steven K Huprich, Sharon Nelson, Aimee Sohnleitner, Ketrin Lengu, Sneha Shankar, Kyle Rexer
In the clinical and empirical literature, vulnerable narcissism and malignant self-regard (MSR) have been found to be highly interrelated and associated with theoretically related personality constructs, suggesting that the two constructs may be much more similar than different. The present study set out to test this hypothesis by examining the relationship of vulnerable narcissism and MSR to experiences and expressions of anger, the factor structure of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with MSR, the associations of MSR and vulnerable narcissism to the five factor model of personality, and to global self-esteem in self-report measures within 1168 undergraduate students...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Tobias Altmann, Marcus Roth
Self-esteem stability describes fluctuations in the level of self-esteem experienced by individuals over a brief period of time. In recent decades, self-esteem stability has repeatedly been shown to be an important variable affecting psychological functioning. However, measures of self-esteem stability are few and lacking in validity. In this paper, we present the Self-Esteem Stability Scale (SESS), a unidimensional and very brief scale to directly assess self-esteem stability. In four studies (total N = 826), we describe the development of the SESS and present evidence for its validity with respect to individual outcomes (life satisfaction, neuroticism, and vulnerable narcissism) and dyadic outcomes (relationship satisfaction in self- and partner ratings) through direct comparisons with existing measures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Antoinette Molinie, Geoffrey Bodenhausen
As a punishment for his trickery, King Sisyphus was made to endlessly roll a huge boulder up a steep hill. The maddening nature of the punishment was reserved for King Sisyphus due to his hubristic belief that his cleverness surpassed that of Zeus himself. Today's scientists also pay a heavy price for their hubris and narcissism. They try to trick the editors of a few 'top' journals by peppering their papers with glitter and 'bling-bling', making overblown promises, and giving minimal credit to their predecessors...
March 2018: Journal of Biosciences
Jennifer S Mills, Laura A Weinheimer, Janet Polivy, C Peter Herman
We review the research on the association between personality and dietary restraint as measured by commonly-used self-report assessment instruments (Restraint Scale, TFEQ, DEBQ, and EDE-Q). In order to expand our understanding of the potentially different types of dieters, we examine the different personality profiles that emerge from existing studies of restraint and personality, including associations between restraint and body dissatisfaction and body focus, self-esteem, neuroticism, sensation seeking, impulsivity, perfectionism and narcissism...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
Sebastian Euler, Dominik Stöbi, Julia Sowislo, Franziska Ritzler, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Johannes Wrege, Marc Walter
BACKGROUND: Little is known about narcissistic traits in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This exploratory study aimed to illustrate the associations between total, grandiose, and vulnerable narcissism and gender, diagnostic features of BPD and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), and psychopathology in BPD patients. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The Pathological Narcissism Inventory and psychometric measures for impulsivity, anger, borderline symptom severity, personality organization, depression, and rejection sensitivity were completed by 65 BPD patients...
February 21, 2018: Psychopathology
Katherine H Rogers, Marina T Le, Erin E Buckels, Mikayla Kim, Jeremy C Biesanz
INTRODUCTION: The Dark Tetrad traits (subclinical psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and everyday sadism) have interpersonal consequences. At present, however, how these traits are associated with the accuracy and positivity of first impressions is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: The present manuscript addresses three primary questions. First, to what extent are perceiver levels of Dark Tetrad traits associated with differing levels of perceptive accuracy? Second, to what extent are target levels of Dark Tetrad traits associated with differing levels of expressive accuracy? Finally, to what extent can Dark Tetrad traits be differentiated when examining perceptions of and by others? METHODS: In a round-robin design, participants (N = 412) in small groups engaged in brief, naturalistic, unstructured dyadic interactions before providing impressions of their partner...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Personality
Guyonne Rogier, Patrizia Velotti
Gambling Disorder (GD) is a complex psychopathology involving a numbers of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and neurobiological determinants. Previous research suggests that GD may frequently co-occur with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. However, there is still a lack of study investigating Pathological Narcissism (PN) in both its vulnerable and grandiose facets among clinical population. Moreover, emotional dysregulation is commonly thought to underlie GD albeit research on this topic remains poor. The present study aims to investigate the role of both vulnerable and grandiose narcissism in relation to GD as well as the mediator role played by emotion dysregulation in such link...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Adrian Furnham, Kelly Petropoulou
BACKGROUND: This study looked at lay theories of how people with sub-clinical personality disorders experience the world of work. AIMS: The aim was to investigate the paradox that subclinical and clinical personality disorders are seen as beneficial for success, rather than a handicap in certain jobs. METHODS: In all, 230 participants read 14 vignettes derived from Oldham and Morris's book describing DSMIII personality disorders for a popular audience...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Alexander Obbarius, Nina Obbarius, Felix Fischer, Gregor Liegl, Matthias Rose
BACKGROUND: Screening for personality dysfunction is regarded as increasingly important for treatment planning in clinical settings as this allows to determine specific clinical pathways in an early stage. Recently, the 12-item OPD Structure Questionnaire (OPD-SQS) was developed for this purpose and initial results of the factor structure and validity have been published. This study aimed to investigate and validate the OPD-SQS in further patient samples beyond the team of developers and to provide reference values...
February 15, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Thibouw François, Anna Hallier, Levasseur Julie, Mondoloni Céline, Aubriot-Lorton Marie-Hélène, Zwetyenga Narcisse
Carcinoma cuniculatum, a very well differentiated sub-type of epidermoid carcinoma, is a rare invasive tumor with a low risk of metastasis. It principally affects the lower limbs, notably the soles of the feet. Facial involvement is exceptional.A case of a patient with carcinoma cuniculatum of the lower lip is presented and diagnostic difficulties of head locations of this tumor, as well as their management are discussed.
February 9, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Pearl A McElfish, Christopher R Long, Nalin Payakachat, Holly Felix, Zoran Bursac, Brett Rowland, Jonell S Hudson, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse
BACKGROUND: Adherence to medication treatment plans is important for chronic disease (CD) management. Cost-related nonadherence (CRN) puts patients at risk for complications. Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPI) suffer from high rates of CD and socioeconomic disparities that could increase CRN behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Examine factors related to CRN to medication treatment plans within an understudied population. RESEARCH DESIGN: Using 2014 NHPI-National Health Interview Survey data, we examined CRN among a nationally representative sample of NHPI adults...
February 9, 2018: Medical Care
Era Dutta, Payal Sharma, Nilesh Shah, Anup Bharati, Sushma Sonavane, Avinash Desousa
Background: The recent and rapidly popularized social phenomenon of selfie taking has been showing an increasing trend. It is thus imperative to assess the knowledge, attitude, and perception of the groups toward this phenomenon. Selfie taking is associated with younger age groups and hence, we aimed to explore the attitudes toward selfie taking and its relation toward body image and narcissism in medical college students. Methodology: This was cross-sectional study and had two groups with Group A comprising 92 first year medical students and Group B including 103 postgraduate (PG) medical students from various specialties...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Arthur Felix, Edouard Hallet, Anne Favre, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Olivier Fléchelles, Jean-Marc Rosenthal, Maylis Douine, Mathieu Nacher, Narcisse Elenga
RATIONALE: A major epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection occurred in French Guiana and West Indies. French national epidemiological surveillance estimated that 1650 pregnant women contracted the ZIKV during epidemic period from January 2016 to October 2016 in French Guiana. PATIENT CONCERNS: ZIKV infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and birth defects. DIAGNOSES: In this report, we describe 2 children with proven in utero ZIKV exposure...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shuyan Wang, Lin Du, Jianqiang Zhu, Narcisse Tchinda Tsona, Shijie Liu, Yifeng Wang, Maofa Ge, Wenxing Wang
Allyl acetate (AA) is widely used as monomer and intermediate in industrial chemicals synthesis. To evaluate the atmospheric outcome of AA, kinetics and mechanism of its gas-phase reaction with main atmospheric oxidants (O3, OH, Cl and NO3) have been investigated in a Teflon reactor at 298±3 K. Both absolute and relative rate methods were used to determine the rate constants for AA reactions with the four atmospheric oxidants. The obtained rate constants (in units of cm3 molecule-1 s-1) are (1.8±0.3)×10-18, (3...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Alexandra Tsoukas, Evita March
Previous literature has extensively considered factors that influence short- and long-term mating orientations, with specific attention given to individual differences (e.g., sex and personality). Although research has established the role "darker" personality traits (i.e., the dark triad) play in mating orientation, this triad has recently been reconceptualized as a tetrad. Due to this reconceptualization, the current study sought to establish the utility of sex and the dark tetrad in predicting individual short- and long-term mating orientations...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
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