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Narcissism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920739/narcissistic-traits-and-explicit-self-esteem-the-moderating-role-of-implicit-self-view
#1
Rossella Di Pierro, Simone Mattavelli, Marcello Gallucci
Objective: Whilst the relationship between narcissism and self-esteem has been studied for a long time, findings are still controversial. The majority of studies investigated narcissistic grandiosity (NG), neglecting the existence of vulnerable manifestations of narcissism. Moreover, recent studies have shown that grandiosity traits are not always associated with inflated explicit self-esteem. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between narcissistic traits and explicit self-esteem, distinguishing between grandiosity and vulnerability...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907020/comparing-facebook-users-and-facebook-non-users-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-mental-health-variables-an-exploratory-study
#2
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
Over one billion people use Facebook as a platform for social interaction and self-presentation making it one of the most popular online sites. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in various personality traits and mental health variables between Facebook users and people who do not use this platform. The data of 945 participants (790 Facebook users, 155 Facebook non-users) were collected. Results indicate that Facebook users score significantly higher on narcissism, self-esteem and extraversion than Facebook non-users...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#4
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858527/parental-invalidation-and-the-development-of-narcissism
#5
Elizabeth Huxley, Boris Bizumic
Parenting behaviors and childhood experiences have played a central role in theoretical approaches to the etiology of narcissism. Research has suggested an association between parenting and narcissism; however, it has been limited in its examination of different narcissism subtypes and individual differences in parenting behaviors. This study investigates the influence of perceptions of parental invalidation, an important aspect of parenting behavior theoretically associated with narcissism. Correlational and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted using a sample of 442 Australian participants to examine the relationship between invalidating behavior from mothers and fathers, and grandiose and vulnerable narcissism...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854443/puffed-up-but-shaky-selves-state-self-esteem-level-and-variability-in-narcissists
#6
Katharina Geukes, Steffen Nestler, Roos Hutteman, Michael Dufner, Albrecht C P Küfner, Boris Egloff, Jaap J A Denissen, Mitja D Back
Different theoretical conceptualizations characterize grandiose narcissists by high, yet fragile self-esteem. Empirical evidence, however, has been inconsistent, particularly regarding the relationship between narcissism and self-esteem fragility (i.e., self-esteem variability). Here, we aim at unraveling this inconsistency by disentangling the effects of two theoretically distinct facets of narcissism (i.e., admiration and rivalry) on the two aspects of state self-esteem (i.e., level and variability). We report on data from a laboratory-based and two field-based studies (total N = 596) in realistic social contexts, capturing momentary, daily, and weekly fluctuations of state self-esteem...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834564/linking-narcissism-motivation-and-doping-attitudes-in-sport-a-multilevel-investigation-involving-coaches-and-athletes
#7
Doris Matosic, Nikos Ntoumanis, Ian David Boardley, Andrew Stenling, Constantine Sedikides
Research on coaching (Bartholomew, Ntoumanis, & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, 2009) has shown that coaches can display controlling behaviors that have detrimental effects on athletes' basic psychological needs and quality of sport experiences. The current study extends this literature by considering coach narcissism as a potential antecedent of coaches' controlling behaviors. Further, the study tests a model linking coaches' (n = 59) own reports of narcissistic tendencies with athletes' (n = 493) perceptions of coach controlling behaviors, experiences of need frustration, and attitudes toward doping...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816698/predicting-aggression-in-late-adolescent-romantic-relationships-a-short-term-longitudinal-study
#8
Christina N Caiozzo, Jessica Houston, John Grych
This study sought to prospectively predict aggression in the romantic relationships of 1180 college students from the United States (807 females; 373 males) over the course of two months with a set of intrapersonal risk and protective factors, including personality characteristics that rarely have been examined in this population. After accounting for prior dating aggression, perpetration of verbal aggression was predicted uniquely by aggressive attitudes, emotion regulation, and for females, narcissism. Perpetration of physical aggression was predicted by aggressive attitudes, but only at low levels of emotion regulation, and the interaction of callous-unemotional traits, emotion regulation, and gender: males with low levels of callous-unemotional traits perpetrated less physical aggression when they reported greater emotion regulation...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797551/narcissism-and-response-validity-do-individuals-with-narcissistic-features-underreport-psychopathology
#9
Chelsea E Sleep, Martin Sellbom, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
Narcissism is broadly described as a grandiose sense of self, feelings of entitlement, and a need for attention and admiration. Theorists have long suggested that to maintain an overly positive self-image, individuals with narcissistic features often self-enhance (Leary, 2007) and exhibit distorted (John & Robins, 1994) self-perceptions. Despite this theoretical link, little is known about its relationship to response style, particularly in regard to underreporting or defensiveness. Nevertheless, response style has been extensively studied in psychopathy, narcissism's closest neighbor, due to concerns that psychopathic individuals may lack insight into their traits and/or may be unwilling to admit to perceived faults or difficulties...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776612/psychopathic-traits-mediate-the-effects-of-neighbourhood-risk-on-juvenile-antisocial-behaviour
#10
Olalla Cutrín Mosteiro, José A Gómez Fraguela, Lorena Maneiro Boo, Jorge Sobral Fernández, María A Luengo Martín
BACKGROUND: Research of the indirect effects of neighbourhood risk through psychopathic personality traits (i.e., impulsiveness, narcissism and callous-unemotional traits) on juvenile antisocial behaviour has become relevant. METHODS: In the current study, mediation effects were assessed using a sample composed of 406 young people between 14 and 21 years old, 82.7% males, from juvenile centres in Galicia and Andalucía (Spain). RESULTS: The results showed significant mediation effects of neighbourhood risk on antisocial behaviour through impulsiveness and callous-unemotional traits...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769332/-low-tech-simulation-of-corneal-foreign-body-removal
#11
Kevin Gallagher, Pei-Fen Lin, Antigoni Koukkoulli, Renata Puertas, Narciss Okhravi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756637/orthorexia-nervosa-assessment-and-correlates-with-gender-bmi-and-personality
#12
Crystal D Oberle, Razieh O Samaghabadi, Elizabeth M Hughes
This study investigated whether orthorexia nervosa (ON; characterized by an obsessive fixation on eating healthy) may be predicted from the demographics variables of gender and BMI, and from the personality variables of self-esteem, narcissism, and perfectionism. Participants were 459 college students, who completed several online questionnaires that assessed these variables. A principal components analysis confirmed that the Eating Habits Questionnaire (Gleaves, Graham, & Ambwani, 2013) assesses three internally-consistent ON components: healthy eating behaviors, problems resulting from those behaviors, and positive feelings associated with those behaviors...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748510/the-two-bernard-berenson-cousins-the-interplay-among-immigration-culture-and-narcissism
#13
Susan G Goldberg
The lives of two 19th century cousins, both of whom changed their names to Bernard Berenson, are considered from historical and psychodynamic perspectives, using a psychobiographical method. The Jewish cousins immigrated separately to Boston from Lithuania in 1875 and 1882. One cousin, later calling himself simply B.B., became a world-renowned art historian. The other Bernard became a misanthrope after feeling deeply humiliated by his cousin's family in Boston. Many biographies were written about the famous B...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736106/differences-among-dark-triad-components-a-meta-analytic-investigation
#14
Colin E Vize, Donald R Lynam, Katherine L Collison, Joshua D Miller
Since its emergence 14 years ago the dark triad (DT), composed of narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism, has become an increasingly popular research focus. Yet questions remain over whether the DT components are sufficiently distinct from another. We examined the nomological networks of each DT component through a meta-analysis of the available literature on the DT. We conducted 3 separate analyses-an examination of the average intercorrelations among the DT components (k = 156), an examination of similarities in each DT component's nomological network (k = 159), and an examination of the effect sizes between DT components and 15 outcome categories (k range = 7 to 42)...
October 13, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720575/transoral-stensen-s-duct-approach-a-22-case-retrospective-study
#15
Jean-Marc Foletti, Luc Wajszczak, Marie Gormezano, Laurent Guyot, Narcisse Zwetyenga, Cyrille Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Parotid gland duct lithiasis is preferentially managed using minimally-invasive techniques such as sialendoscopy and lithotripsy. However, these 2 techniques cannot remedy all obstructions and other techniques such as the Transoral Stensen's Duct Approach (TSDA) may sometimes be helpful. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients treated with TSDA was conducted to evaluate this procedure between 2006 and 2013. Criteria for inclusion were: failures for lithiases (22 patients and 28 lithiases) treated with sialendoscopy and/or lithotripsy for parotid gland duct obstruction...
November 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719551/who-seeks-job-resources-and-who-avoids-job-demands-the-link-between-dark-personality-traits-and-job-crafting
#16
Marta Roczniewska, Arnold B Bakker
Although job crafting has been linked repeatedly to positive employee and organizational outcomes, its detrimental side has not been well explored. To understand the way dark personality traits affect the type of crafting in which employees engage, this research focuses on two frameworks: the PEN (psychopathy, extraversion, and neuroticism) framework and the Dark Triad (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism). In Study 1, we collected data on the PEN traits and job crafting from 155 individuals in various occupations...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718380/the-sense-of-relational-entitlement-among-adolescents-toward-their-parents-sreap-testing-an-adaptation-of-the-sre
#17
Rami Tolmacz, Yaniv Efrati, Boaz M Ben-David
The quality of the adolescent-parent relationship is closely related to the adolescent's sense of entitlement. Study 1 (458 central-Israel adolescents, 69% girls, ages: 11-16) developed the sense of relational entitlement among adolescents toward their parents (SREap, adapted from the original SRE on adults' romantic relationships) and provided initial validity evidence of its three-factor structure: exaggerated, restricted and assertive - replicating the SRE's factor structure. Studies 2-5 (1237 adolescents, 56% girls) examined the link between the SREap factors and relevant psychological measures...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704290/do-personality-traits-assessed-on-medical-school-admission-predict-exit-performance-a-uk-wide-longitudinal-cohort-study
#18
R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/ ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692157/connecting-the-obesity-and-the-narcissism-epidemics
#19
Bruno Lemaitre
Obesity and metabolic syndromes are major threats to health in both developed and developing countries. This opinion article is a holistic attempt to understand the obesity epidemic, by connecting it to the widespread narcissism in society. The narcissism epidemic refers to an increased prevalence of status-striving individualism and a decreased sense of community, observed in Westerns populations and spreading worldwide. Based on social personality and evolutionary psychology approaches, I speculate that this rise of narcissism underlies a steep social hierarchy resulting in increase of social stress...
October 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684371/personality-traits-are-associated-with-research-misbehavior-in-dutch-scientists-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Joeri K Tijdink, Lex M Bouter, Coosje L S Veldkamp, Peter M van de Ven, Jelte M Wicherts, Yvo M Smulders
BACKGROUND: Personality influences decision making and ethical considerations. Its influence on the occurrence of research misbehavior has never been studied. This study aims to determine the association between personality traits and self-reported questionable research practices and research misconduct. We hypothesized that narcissistic, Machiavellianistic and psychopathic traits as well as self-esteem are associated with research misbehavior. METHODS: Included in this cross-sectional study design were 535 Dutch biomedical scientists (response rate 65%) from all hierarchical layers of 4 university medical centers in the Netherlands...
2016: PloS One
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