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Narcissism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326048/developing-a-taxonomy-of-dark-triad-triggers-at-work-a-grounded-theory-study-protocol
#1
Annika Nübold, Josef Bader, Nera Bozin, Romil Depala, Helena Eidast, Elisabeth A Johannessen, Gerhard Prinz
In past years, research and corporate scandals have evidenced the destructive effects of the dark triad at work, consisting of narcissism (extreme self-centeredness), psychopathy (lack of empathy and remorse) and Machiavellianism (a sense of duplicity and manipulativeness). The dark triad dimensions have typically been conceptualized as stable personality traits, ignoring the accumulating evidence that momentary personality expressions - personality states - may change due to the characteristics of the situation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301969/the-internet-s-effect-on-personality-traits-an-important-casualty-of-the-internet-addiction-paradigm
#2
Elias Aboujaoude
Background and aims The "Internet addiction" paradigm has been criticized for several shortcomings, including inattention to specific online behaviors, not distinguishing the Internet from other media, insufficient focus on comorbidities, and definitions that do not take into account the constant access now possible. The paradigm's biggest casualty, however, may be that it has diverted attention away from subtle personality changes that seem to occur online, including in users who cannot be considered "addicted" under any definition...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301765/controversies-in-narcissism
#3
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, W Keith Campbell
There has been a surge in interest in and research on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). Despite or because of this increased attention, there are several areas of substantial debate that surround the construct, including descriptions of grandiose and vulnerable dimensions or variants, questions regarding the existence of a consensual description, central versus peripheral features of narcissism, distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism, possible etiological factors, the role of self-esteem narcissism, where narcissism should be studied, how it can be assessed, and its representation in diagnostic nosologies...
March 15, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293674/monitoring-and-analysis-of-the-change-process-in-curriculum-mapping-compared-to-the-national-competency-based-learning-objective-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm-at-four-medical-faculties-part-i-conducive-resources-and-structures
#4
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Marianne Giesler, Maryna Gornostayeva, Elisabeth Narciss, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Jan Griewatz, Olaf Fritze
Objective: After passing of the National Competency-based Learning Objectives Catalogue in Medicine (Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin, [NKLM, retrieved on 22.03.2016]), the German medical faculties must take inventory and develop their curricula. NKLM contents are expected to be present, but not linked well or sensibly enough in locally grown curricula. Learning and examination formats must be reviewed for appropriateness and coverage of the competences. The necessary curricular transparency is best achieved by systematic curriculum mapping, combined with effective change management...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293673/monitoring-and-analysis-of-the-change-process-in-curriculum-mapping-compared-to-the-national-competency-based-learning-objective-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm-at-four-medical-faculties-part-ii-key-factors-for-motivating-the-faculty-during
#5
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Marianne Giesler, Maryna Gornostayeva, Elisabeth Narciss, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Jan Griewatz, Olaf Fritze
Objective: After adoption of the National Competency-based Learning Objectives Catalogue in Medicine [Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin, NKLM], the German medical faculties are asked to test the learning obejctives recorded in it and evaluate them critically. The faculties require curricular transparency for competence-oriented transition of present curricula, which is best achieved by systematic curriculum mapping in comparison to the NKLM. Based on this inventory, curricula can be further developed target-oriented...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263094/development-and-validation-of-the-treatment-attrition-retention-scale-for-personality-disorders
#6
Dominick Gamache, Claudia Savard, Sophie Lemelin, Evens Villeneuve
This study is an investigation of the psychometric properties of the Treatment Attrition-Retention Scale for Personality Disorders (TARS-PD), an instrument developed to identify patients with personality disorder (PD) at risk of early dropout from psychotherapy. In a first study, assessment files from 320 patients referred for PD evaluation at an outpatient clinic were examined to assess the instrument's inter-rater reliability, construct validity, and discriminant validity. Results showed that the global scale could be scored with excellent reliability...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253006/duplicity-among-the-dark-triad-three-faces-of-deceit
#7
Daniel N Jones, Delroy L Paulhus
Although all 3 of the Dark Triad members are predisposed to engage in exploitative interpersonal behavior, their motivations and tactics vary. Here we explore their distinctive dynamics with 5 behavioral studies of dishonesty (total N = 1,750). All 3 traits predicted cheating on a coin-flipping task when there was little risk of being caught (Study 1). Only psychopathy predicted cheating when punishment was a serious risk (Study 2). Machiavellian individuals also cheated under high risk-but only if they were ego-depleted (Study 3)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252974/validation-of-the-narcissistic-admiration-and-rivalry-questionnaire-short-scale-narq-s-in-convenience-and-representative-samples
#8
Marius Leckelt, Eunike Wetzel, Tanja M Gerlach, Robert A Ackerman, Joshua D Miller, William J Chopik, Lars Penke, Katharina Geukes, Albrecht C P Küfner, Roos Hutteman, David Richter, Karl-Heinz Renner, Marc Allroggen, Courtney Brecheen, W Keith Campbell, Igor Grossmann, Mitja D Back
Due to increased empirical interest in narcissism across the social sciences, there is a need for inventories that can be administered quickly while also reliably measuring both the agentic and antagonistic aspects of grandiose narcissism. In this study, we sought to validate the factor structure, provide representative descriptive data and reliability estimates, assess the reliability across the trait spectrum, and examine the nomological network of the short version of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ-S; Back et al...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208077/personality-dimensions-in-schizophrenia-a-family-study
#9
Vina M Goghari
Studies have demonstrated that personality traits differ in schizophrenia patients and family members compared to controls, suggesting familial risk. This study evaluated personality traits in a family study of schizophrenia, as well as the relationship between personality traits and symptoms and social functioning in schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two schizophrenia patients, 28 adult non-psychotic relatives, and 27 community controls completed the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206792/christian-self-enhancement
#10
Jochen E Gebauer, Constantine Sedikides, Alexandra Schrade
People overestimate themselves in domains that are central to their self-concept. Critically, the psychological status of this "self-centrality principle" remains unclear. One view regards the principle as an inextricable part of human nature and, thus, as universal and resistant to normative pressure. A contrasting view regards the principle as liable to pressure (and subsequent modification) from self-effacement norms, thus questioning its universality. Advocates of the latter view point to Christianity's robust self-effacement norms, which they consider particularly effective in curbing self-enhancement, and ascribe Christianity an ego-quieting function...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204806/paediatric-bone-and-joint-infections-in-french-guiana-a-6-year-retrospective-review
#11
Lindsay Osei, Nawal El Houmami, Philippe Minodier, Anicet Sika, Thierry Basset, Hervé Seligmann, Anne Terraz, Magalie Demar, Jacques Pochard, Jérôme Clouzeau, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Narcisse Elenga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197113/what-is-seen-is-who-you-are-are-cues-in-selfie-pictures-related-to-personality-characteristics
#12
Bojan Musil, Andrej Preglej, Tadevž Ropert, Lucia Klasinc, Nenad Č Babič
Developments and innovation in the areas of mobile information technology, digital media and social networks foster new reflections on computer-mediated communication research, especially in the field of self-presentation. In this context, the selfie as a self-portrait photo is interesting, because as a meaningful gesture, it actively and directly relates the content of the photo to the author of the picture. From the perspective of the selfie as an image and the impression it forms, in the first part of the research we explored the distinctive characteristics of selfie pictures; moreover, from the perspective of the potential reflection of a selfie image on the personality of its author, in the second part we related the characteristics of selfie pictures to various personality constructs (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196111/epidemiological-assessment-of-the-severity-of-dengue-epidemics-in-french-guiana
#13
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Christelle Prince, Philippe Abboud, Vanessa Ardillon, Luisiane Carvalho, Magalie Demar, Rachida Boukhari, Martine Papaix-Puech, Narcisse Elenga, Dominique Rousset, Séverine Matheus, Mathieu Nacher, Philippe Quenel, Félix Djossou
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is the most important arboviral infection that affects humans, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Here, we provide the first comprehensive overview of the severity of dengue epidemics in French Guiana. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We monitored hospitalized cases between 2008 and 2013. Detailed clinical features and biological parameters were collected on a daily basis from all cases. Among the 1,356 cases, 216 (16%) were classified according to the WHO 2009 classification as dengue without warning signs (WS), 926 (68%) were classified as dengue with WS and 214 (16%) were classified as severe dengue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191317/intersect-between-self-esteem-and-emotion-regulation-in-narcissistic-personality-disorder-implications-for-alliance-building-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Elsa Ronningstam
Building an alliance with patients with pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder, NPD, can be challenging and include avoidance, negative reactivity and disruptions. A main contributing factor can be the complex interaction between emotion and self-esteem regulation, which affects patients' ability to engage in a therapeutic alliance and treatment. Recent studies, especially in neuroscience have identified functional characteristic and compromises in self-esteem and emotion regulation related to NPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186693/science-narcissism-and-the-quest-for-visibility
#15
Bruno Lemaitre
How narcissism, a personality associated with a 'need for power', influences scientific behaviour is analysed. The caption shows the sadness of a scientist (in a submissive posture) whose work has been scooped. The community maintains this scientist at a low status, by preventing him from being galvanised by the social attention of others.
February 10, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174546/once-an-impression-manager-always-an-impression-manager-antecedents-of-honest-and-deceptive-impression-management-use-and-variability-across-multiple-job-interviews
#16
Nicolas Roulin, Joshua S Bourdage
Research has examined the antecedents of applicants' use of impression management (IM) tactics in employment interviews. All existing empirical studies have measured IM in one particular interview. Yet, applicants generally interview multiple times for different positions, and thus have multiple opportunities to engage in IM, before they can secure a job. Similarly, recent theoretical advances in personnel selection and IM research have suggested that applicant behaviors should be considered as dynamic and adaptive in nature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170106/narcissism-and-social-networking-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#17
Timo Gnambs, Markus Appel
OBJECTIVE: The increasing popularity of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter has given rise to speculations that the intensity of using these platforms is associated with narcissistic tendencies. However, recent research on this issue has been all but conclusive. METHOD: We present a three-level, random-effects meta-analysis including 289 effect sizes from 57 studies (total N = 25,631) on the association between trait narcissism and social networking behavior...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170100/vulnerable-narcissism-is-mostly-a-disorder-of-neuroticism
#18
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Colin Vize, Michael Crowe, Chelsea Sleep, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Lauren R Few, W Keith Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention has been paid to the distinction between the dimensions of narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability. We examine the degree to which basic traits underlie vulnerable narcissism with a particular emphasis on the importance of neuroticism and agreeableness. METHODS: Across four samples (undergraduate, online community, clinical-community), we conduct dominance analyses to partition the variance predicted in vulnerable narcissism by the five-factor model personality domains...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144225/the-selfie-paradox-nobody-seems-to-like-them-yet-everyone-has-reasons-to-take-them-an-exploration-of-psychological-functions-of-selfies-in-self-presentation
#19
Sarah Diefenbach, Lara Christoforakos
Selfies appear as a double-edged phenomenon. Taking, posting, and viewing selfies has become a daily habit for many. At the same time, research revealed that selfies often evoke criticism and disrespect, and are associated with non-authenticity and narcissism. The present study (N = 238) sheds further light on the somewhat contradictory phenomenon of selfies and their psychological value. In addition to previous studies on selfies and personality traits, the present research explores relations to popular, habitual self-presentation strategies, self-reflections on own and others' selfie-taking behavior, selfie-related affect, and perceived consequences of selfies, by applying a combination of self-constructed and existing scales [e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132598/the-narcissism-spectrum-model
#20
Zlatan Krizan, Anne D Herlache
The narcissism spectrum model synthesizes extensive personality, social-psychological, and clinical evidence, building on existing knowledge about narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability to reveal a view of narcissism that respects its clinical origins, embraces the diversity and complexity of its expression, and reflects extensive scientific evidence about the continuity between normal and abnormal personality expression. Critically, the proposed model addresses three key, inter-related problems that have plagued narcissism scholarship for more than a century...
January 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
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