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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915423/premature-psychotherapy-termination-in-an-outpatient-treatment-program-for-personality-disorders-a-survival-analysis
#1
Dominick Gamache, Claudia Savard, Sophie Lemelin, Alexandre Côté, Evens Villeneuve
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatment for patients with personality disorders (PD) is plagued with a high proportion of early dropouts, and attempts to identify risk factors for attrition have generated very few conclusive results. The purpose of the present study is to identify significant predictors of early treatment termination in a long-term psychotherapy program for PD. METHODS: Data was retrospectively retrieved from 174 files of patients who began long-term psychotherapy in an outpatient treatment program in Quebec City, Canada...
August 9, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912740/the-dark-triad-traits-from-a-life-history-perspective-in-six-countries
#2
Peter K Jonason, Joshua D Foster, Marina S Egorova, Oksana Parshikova, Árpád Csathó, Atsushi Oshio, Valdiney V Gouveia
Work on the Dark Triad traits has benefited from the use of a life history framework but it has been limited to primarily Western samples and indirect assessments of life history strategies. Here, we examine how the Dark Triad traits (i.e., psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism) relate to two measures of individual differences in life history strategies. In Study 1 (N = 937), we replicated prior observed links between life history strategies, as measured by the Mini-K, and the Dark Triad traits using samples recruited from three countries...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903650/is-comparison-the-thief-of-joy-sexual-narcissism-and-social-comparisons-in-the-domain-of-sexuality
#3
Lisa C Day, Amy Muise, Emily A Impett
Are people who are high in sexual narcissism more sensitive to information comparing their sex lives with the sex lives of others? Does this sensitivity explain narcissists' lower sexual and relationship satisfaction? We conducted three studies to address this question. Participants completed the Sexual Narcissism Scale (Widman & McNulty, 2010), and then either recalled (Study 1), imagined (Study 2), or actually made (Study 3) a sexual comparison. We found that people high in sexual narcissism (compared with those lower in sexual narcissism) were more bothered when comparing themselves with someone with a higher sexual frequency and felt better about a comparison with someone with a lower sexual frequency...
February 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900230/the-influence-of-the-position-of-the-double-bond-and-ring-size-on-the-stability-of-hydrogen-bonded-complexes
#4
Shumin Cheng, Shanshan Tang, Narcisse T Tsona, Lin Du
To study the influence of the position of the double bond and ring size on the stability of hydrogen bonded complexes, the 1:1 complexes formed between 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) and three heterocyclic compounds including 2,3-dihydrofuran (2,3-DHF), 2,5-dihydrofuran (2,5-DHF) and 3,4-dihydropyran (3,4-DHP) were investigated systematically. The formation of hydrogen bonded TFE-2,3-DHF, TFE-2,5-DHF and TFE-3,4-DHP complexes were identified by gas phase FTIR spectroscopy at room temperature, and the OH-stretching fundamental transition of TFE was red shifted upon complexation...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889060/why-narcissists-are-at-risk-for-developing-facebook-addiction-the-need-to-be-admired-and-the-need-to-belong
#5
Silvia Casale, Giulia Fioravanti
Building upon previous research establishing a positive association between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and problematic social networking use, the present study tests a model that explains how grandiose and vulnerable narcissists might develop Facebook (Fb) addiction symptoms through the need for admiration and the need to belong. A sample of 535 undergraduates (50.08% F; mean age 22.70±2.76years) completed measures of grandiose narcissism, vulnerable narcissism, Fb addiction symptoms, and two brief scales measuring the need for admiration and the need to belong...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857578/awe-and-humility
#6
Jennifer E Stellar, Amie Gordon, Craig L Anderson, Paul K Piff, Galen D McNeil, Dacher Keltner
Humility is a foundational virtue that counters selfish inclinations such as entitlement, arrogance, and narcissism (Tangney, 2000). We hypothesize that experiences of awe promote greater humility. Guided by an appraisal-tendency framework of emotion, we propose that when individuals encounter an entity that is vast and challenges their worldview, they feel awe, which leads to self-diminishment and subsequently humility. In support of these claims, awe-prone individuals were rated as more humble by friends (Study 1) and reported greater humility across a 2-week period (Study 2), controlling for other positive emotions...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857141/when-parents-praise-inflates-children-s-self-esteem-deflates
#7
Eddie Brummelman, Stefanie A Nelemans, Sander Thomaes, Bram Orobio de Castro
Western parents often give children overly positive, inflated praise. One perspective holds that inflated praise sets unattainable standards for children, eventually lowering children's self-esteem (self-deflation hypothesis). Another perspective holds that children internalize inflated praise to form narcissistic self-views (self-inflation hypothesis). These perspectives were tested in an observational-longitudinal study (120 parent-child dyads from the Netherlands) in late childhood (ages 7-11), when narcissism and self-esteem first emerge...
August 30, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843628/association-between-physiological-oscillations-in-self-esteem-narcissism-and-internet-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Igor Pantic, Anita Milanovic, Barbara Loboda, Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Dejan Nesic, Sanja Mazic, Stefan Dugalic, Sinisa Ristic
Internet addiction is a novel and relatively uninvestigated form of dependence that is fairly common in adolescent population. Previous research has indicated that it may be associated with other mental health problems, such as dysthymic mood and narcissistic behavior. In our study, we tested the existence and strength of relationship between Internet addiction, self-esteem and narcissism in a student population. On a sample of 244 students, we also investigated social networking activities, such as number of self-portrait photographs ("selfies"), and their potential connection with self-esteem and narcissism...
August 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837345/gas-phase-reaction-of-methyl-n-propyl-ether-with-oh-no3-and-cl-kinetics-and-mechanism
#9
Jianqiang Zhu, Shuyan Wang, Narcisse T Tsona, Xiaotong Jiang, Yifeng Wang, Maofa Ge, Lin Du
Rate constants at room temperature (293 ± 2 K) and atmospheric pressure for the reaction of methyl n-propyl ether (MnPE), CH3OCH2CH2CH3, with OH and NO3 radicals and the Cl atom have been determined in a 100 L FEP-Teflon reaction chamber in conjunction with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) as the detection technique. The obtained rate constants k (in units of cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1)) are (9.91 ± 2.30) × 10(-12), (1.67 ± 0.32) × 10(-15), and (2.52 ± 0.14) × 10(-10) for reactions with OH, NO3, and Cl, respectively...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813478/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-measure-of-intellectual-humility
#10
Mark Alfano, Kathryn Iurino, Paul Stey, Brian Robinson, Markus Christen, Feng Yu, Daniel Lapsley
This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has four core dimensions: Open-mindedness (versus Arrogance), Intellectual Modesty (versus Vanity), Corrigibility (versus Fragility), and Engagement (versus Boredom). These dimensions display adequate self-informant agreement, and adequate convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813330/personality-and-performance-moving-beyond-the-big-5
#11
REVIEW
Ross Roberts, Tim Woodman
In this review, we examine the literature in relation to personality and performance. Much of the extant work in this area has focused on the role of the Big 5 traits (i.e., extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness, and neuroticism), at the expense of other personality variables that have a strong performance-focused rationale. Further, a focus on main effects has dominated the literature, without recourse to consider person×environment interactions. In this review we go beyond the Big 5 and consider the role of two personality traits, narcissism and alexithymia, in relation to performance...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813114/dimensions-of-youth-psychopathy-differentially-predict-concurrent-pro-and-antisocial-behavior
#12
Guilherme W Wendt, Alice J Bartoli, Adriane Arteche
Objective: To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior. Method: Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789672/challenges-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-anti-phospholipid-syndrome-a-case-from-cameroon
#13
Ahmadou M Jingi, Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate, Aurel T Tankeu, Narcisse Assene Ateba, Edvine Wawo Yonta, Jean Jacques Noubiap
BACKGROUND: Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APLS) is a condition characterized by the presence of raised plasma levels of anti-phospholipid antibodies associated with thrombo-embolic disease and/or poor obstetrical outcomes in women. The epidemiology of APLS is unknown in most sub-Saharan African countries due to limited access to diagnosis tools. We report the case of APLS in a 29-year-old obese woman that was preceded by pre-eclampsia and fetal death. The diagnosis of APLS was made during a thrombo-embolic episode 4 years after the poor obstetrical outcome...
August 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783573/vulnerable-narcissism-is-associated-with-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-in-dysthymic-patients
#14
Leire Erkoreka, Bárbara Navarro
Pathological narcissism involves grandiose and vulnerable presentations. Narcissism, and specifically the vulnerable presentation, has been associated to depression, although empirical research studying this relationship is limited. Dysthymia is characterized by a greater treatment resistance and poorer prognosis than other chronic depressive disorders. The presence of dysfunctional personality traits may explain it. We aim to explore the association between vulnerable narcissistic traits and severity of depressive symptoms in a sample of dysthymic patients...
July 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776657/stiffell-g-holtam-r-2016-beware-the-song-of-the-sirens-reflections-on-the-seductive-face-of-narcissism-british-journal-of-psychotherapy-32-1-37-52
#15
Joanna de Waal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749081/looking-ahead-through-a-fragile-lens-vulnerable-narcissism-and-the-future-self
#16
David Kealy, Sharan Sandhu, John S Ogrodniczuk
Empirical data are lacking with regard to the degree to which self-absorbed hypersensitivity may be related to perceptions of the future self. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and several components of future orientation among psychiatric outpatients. A sample of 132 adult outpatients seeking mental health services completed measures assessing vulnerable narcissism, optimism, personal growth initiative and symptom distress, along with several questions regarding specific future outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746006/erich-fromm-and-the-making-and-unmaking-of-the-sociocultural
#17
Catherine B Silver
This paper addresses issues of continuity and discontinuity regarding the role of the sociocultural in psychoanalysis. Starting with Freud's and Fromm's ideas on social change, the author discusses the dynamics whereby psychoanalytic culture gradually encouraged a process of delinking the psyche from the social. This disengagement from the sociocultural has encouraged dissociative mechanisms and social narcissism. Using a case study the author shows the importance of recapturing formulations that stress an analytic "Social Third...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744165/asymptomatic-multinodular-splenoma-splenic-hamartoma-in-a-child-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#18
Narcisse Elenga, Sylvain Labbé, Nicolas Leduc, Anicet Sika, Emma Cuadro, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Thierry Basset
Splenoma is a rare and benign malformation usually fortuitously diagnosed during imaging, surgery or, unfortunately, at autopsy. Although splenoma was first described in 1861, its association with hematological pathology is a very unusual condition in children. We report the case of an asymptomatic splenoma in an 8-year-old boy with sickle cell anemia, whose diagnosis was confirmed after conventional splenectomy.
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731199/achilles-a-homeric-hero-enamoured-with-the-absolute
#19
Nicolas Evzonas
This article explores through a psychoanalytical lens the character of Achilles in Homer's Iliad, the matrix behind the Western conception of heroism. The contribution reveals the psychological link binding the words and acts of the most valiant of warriors in Antiquity, which is situated in myth and termed "the Eros of the absolute." The paroxystic ideality underlying the aforementioned myth, which is rooted in the anthropological need to believe, is at the origin of Achilles' legendary μῆνις, that is, the flood of rage triggered by contests for supremacy, aggravated by the loss of his war comrade, aroused by the drama of aging and death, and then transfigured through song and memory...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724894/self-viewing-is-associated-with-negative-affect-rather-than-reward-in-highly-narcissistic-men-an-fmri-study
#20
Emanuel Jauk, Mathias Benedek, Karl Koschutnig, Gayannée Kedia, Aljoscha C Neubauer
Subclinical narcissism is a personality trait with two faces: According to social-cognitive theories it is associated with grandiosity and feelings of superiority, whereas psychodynamic theories emphasize vulnerable aspects like fluctuating self-esteem and emotional conflicts. The psychodynamic view, however, is commonly not supported by self-report studies on subclinical narcissism. Personality neuroscience might help to better understand the phenomenon of narcissism beyond the limits of self-report research...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
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