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Narcissism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792507/comparing-self-report-measures-of-grandiose-narcissism-vulnerable-narcissism-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-a-male-offender-sample
#1
Elizabeth A Krusemark, W Keith Campbell, Michael L Crowe, Joshua D Miller
Despite a growing interest in the use of self-report measures of narcissism among student, community, and clinical samples, the research on narcissism in prison samples is sparse, despite elevated rates of narcissism in these samples. The current study examined the relations between commonly used measures of grandiose narcissism (Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 [NPI-13]), vulnerable narcissism (Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale [HSNS]), and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD; Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire [PDQ]) in a sample of adult male offenders (N = 179)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792092/the-relationship-between-narcissism-and-personality-traits-of-the-five-factor-model-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#2
Marc Allroggen, Peter Rehmann, Eva Schürch, Carolyn C Morf, Michael Kölch
Introduction: Narcissism is seen as a multidimensional construct that consists of two manifestations: grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. In order to define these two manifestations, their relationship to personality factors has increasingly become of interest. However, so far no studies have considered the relationship between different phenotypes of narcissism and personality factors in adolescents. Method: In a cross-sectional study, we examine a group of adolescents (n = 98; average age 16...
May 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791267/jealousy-as-a-driving-force-for-murder
#3
Nicolas Evzonas
This essay draws on analytic concepts and artistic examples in order to explore murder as the ultimate fate of jealousy. The paper first explores two seemingly neurotic forms of possessive fury that result in a crime of passion. Both cases probe the criminal potential of a supposedly normal subject and question the frontiers of narcissism and self-love, while discussing gender stereotypes. The author then examines criminal jealousy from the vantage point of the specular stakes at play: the enamoration of the double pervaded with aggressiveness that stems from the pre-oedipal fraternal complex and leads to outbursts of psychotic allure...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781662/development-and-validation-of-the-narcissistic-vulnerability-scale-an-adjective-rating-scale
#4
Michael L Crowe, Elizabeth A Edershile, Aidan G C Wright, W Keith Campbell, Donald R Lynam, Joshua D Miller
There is an ongoing debate regarding the nature of narcissism such that some argue that narcissistic individuals oscillate between grandiose and vulnerable states, whereas others argue these dimensions are stable traits (e.g., grandiose individuals remain in grandiose states). Scales sensitive to fluctuations in narcissistic states are necessary to address this question. The current study (N = 1,613 across three samples) validates the newly developed Narcissistic Vulnerability Scale (NVS), a brief (11-item) adjective-based measure of vulnerable narcissism...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776622/sleep-deficiency-among-native-hawaiian-pacific-islander-black-and-white-americans-and-the-association-with-cardiometabolic-diseases-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey-data
#5
Ellyn E Matthews, Chenghui Li, Christopher R Long, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Bradley C Martin, Pearl Anna McElfish
PURPOSE: Examine sleep deficiency, factors, and associations with cardiometabolic diseases in United States Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders (NHPI), Blacks, and Whites. DESIGN: Data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey and NHPI National Health Interview Survey household interviews of adults were analyzed. PARTICIPANTS: Of 31,724 participants, 7% were NHPI, 14% were Black, and 79% were White. METHODS: Habitual sleep duration and quality, sociodemographic/economic covariates, health behaviors, psychological distress, and chronic diseases were self-reported...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774852/angiostrongylus-cantonensis-infection-of-central-nervous-system-guiana-shield
#6
Antoine L Defo, Noémie Lachaume, Emma Cuadro-Alvarez, Chimène Maniassom, Elise Martin, Falucar Njuieyon, Fanny Henaff, Yajaira Mrsic, Annabelle Brunelin, Loic Epelboin, Denis Blanchet, Dorothée Harrois, Nicole Desbois-Nogard, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Magalie Demar, Céline Dard, Narcisse Elenga
We report a case of eosinophilic meningitis complicated by transverse myelitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis in a 10-year-old boy from Brazil who had traveled to Suriname. We confirmed diagnosis by serology and real-time PCR in the cerebrospinal fluid. The medical community should be aware of angiostrongyliasis in the Guiana Shield.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772113/health-research-participation-opportunity-and-willingness-among-minority-and-rural-communities-of-arkansas
#7
Pearl A McElfish, Christopher R Long, James P Selig, Brett Rowland, Rachel S Purvis, Laura James, Angel Holland, Holly C Felix, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse
Prior research suggests that rural and minority communities participate in research at lower rates. While rural and minority populations are often cited as being underrepresented in research, population-based studies on health research participation have not been conducted. This study used questions added to the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand factors associated with i) health research participation, ii) opportunities to participate in health research, and iii) willingness to participate in health research from a representative sample (n = 5,256) of adults in Arkansas...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750073/new-taxonomic-and-conservation-status-of-ossiculum-vandeae-orchidaceae-a-highly-threatened-and-narrow-endemic-angraecoid-orchid-from-central-africa
#8
Murielle Simo-Droissart, Tariq Stévart, Bonaventure Sonké, Sandrine Mayogo, Narcisse Kamdem, Vincent Droissart
In the context of producing a revised phylogenetic Linnean taxonomy of angraecoid orchids, the monotypic and narrow-endemic genus Ossiculum is synonymised with Calyptrochilum . Accordingly, a new combination in Calyptrochilum is proposed for Ossiculum aurantiacum . The morphological and DNA-based evidence for this transfer is discussed. Moreover, Calyptrochilum aurantiacum is here firstly reported outside Cameroon, with a record from the Republic of the Congo. The Red List conservation status of this species is reassessed and it is to be downgraded from "Critically Endangered" (CR) to "Endangered" (EN), following the recent discovery of additional subpopulations in Cameroon...
2018: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749584/droplet-digital-pcr-detects-high-rate-of-tp53-r249s-mutants-in-cell-free-dna-of-middle-african-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Agnès Marchio, Marie Amougou Atsama, Aubin Béré, Narcisse-Patrice Komas, Dominique Noah Noah, Paul Jean Adrien Atangana, Serge-Magloire Camengo-Police, Richard Njouom, Claudine Bekondi, Pascal Pineau
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still a major killing malignancy in sub-Saharan Africa. Lifelong intoxication with aflatoxin B1 is considered as one of the primary causes of this situation. The role of aflatoxin in HCC from a given population is commonly estimated through the prevalence of R249S mutation of TP53, a hallmark for previous exposure to the mycotoxin. However, the role of AFB1 is barely known in large part of Africa. We conducted a survey on circulating cell-free DNA from 149 patients with HCC and 213 control subjects with and without liver diseases from Cameroon and Central African Republic using droplet digital PCR technique...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749072/individualized-prediction-of-trait-narcissism-from-whole-brain-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#10
Chunliang Feng, Jie Yuan, Haiyang Geng, Ruolei Gu, Hui Zhou, Xia Wu, Yuejia Luo
Narcissism is one of the most fundamental personality traits in which individuals in general population exhibit a large heterogeneity. Despite a surge of interest in examining behavioral characteristics of narcissism in the past decades, the neurobiological substrates underlying narcissism remain poorly understood. Here, we addressed this issue by applying a machine learning approach to decode trait narcissism from whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC). Resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) data were acquired for a large sample comprising 155 healthy adults, each of whom was assessed for trait narcissism...
May 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729185/eyebrows-cue-grandiose-narcissism
#11
Miranda Giacomin, Nicholas O Rule
OBJECTIVE: Though initially charming and inviting, narcissists often engage in negative interpersonal behaviors. Identifying and avoiding narcissists therefore carries adaptive value. Whereas past research has found that people can judge others' grandiose narcissism from their appearance (including their faces), the cues supporting these judgments require further elucidation. Here, we investigated which facial features underlie perceptions of grandiose narcissism and how they convey that information...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724213/the-ability-of-non-cognitive-traits-to-predict-undergraduate-performance-in-medical-schools-a-national-linkage-study
#12
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722995/from-theoretical-to-empirical-considering-reflections-of-psychopathy-across-the-thin-blue-line
#13
Diana M Falkenbach, Justin Balash, Maria Tsoukalas, Stephanie Stern, Scott O Lilienfeld
The majority of psychopathy research has focused on negative outcomes in criminal populations. However, psychopathy encompasses a variety of traits, and recent research suggests that certain features of psychopathy, such as a fearless temperament, may be related to psychological resiliency, "successful" functioning, and even heroic behavior (Hall & Benning, 2006; Lykken, 1995). Despite anecdotal discussion, little is known about the possible "successful" or adaptive reflections of psychopathic personality traits in ostensible heroes...
May 3, 2018: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717650/the-shadows-in-healthcare-leadership
#14
Tracey Lynn Nigro
This article outlines personality traits such as psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and sadism which, when elevated in health leaders, may have negative effects upon teams, the organizations they work for, and ultimately the public. The implications of such traits for specific core health leadership competency domains are explored as well as potential mitigation approaches to minimize and possibly redirect such personality traits.
May 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716646/evaluation-of-in-vitro-culture-systems-for-the-maintenance-of-microfilariae-and-infective-larvae-of-loa-loa
#15
Denis Zofou, Fanny Fri Fombad, Narcisse V T Gandjui, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Arnaud Jonas Kengne-Ouafo, Patrick W Chounna Ndongmo, Fabrice R Datchoua-Poutcheu, Peter A Enyong, Dizzle Tayong Bita, Mark J Taylor, Joseph D Turner, Samuel Wanji
BACKGROUND: Suitable and scalable in vitro culture conditions for parasite maintenance are needed to foster drug research for loiasis, one of the neglected tropical diseases which has attracted only limited attention over recent years, despite having important public health impacts. The present work aims to develop adequate in vitro culture systems for drug screening against both microfilariae (mf) and infective third-stage larvae (L3) of Loa loa. METHODS: In vitro culture conditions were evaluated by varying three basic culture media: Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI-1640), Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) and Iscove's modified Dulbecco's medium (IMDM); four sera/proteins: newborn calf serum (NCS), foetal bovine serum (FBS), bovine serum albumin (BSA) and the lipid-enriched BSA (AlbuMax® II, ALB); and co-culture with the Monkey Kidney Epithelial Cell line (LLC-MK2) as a feeder layer...
May 2, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700167/moral-narcissism-and-moral-complicity-in-global-health-and-humanitarian-aid
#16
EDITORIAL
Mark Sheehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698488/hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-d-virus-infections-in-the-central-african-republic-twenty-five-years-after-a-fulminant-hepatitis-outbreak-indicate-continuing-spread-in-asymptomatic-young-adults
#17
Narcisse Patrice Komas, Sumantra Ghosh, Mariama Abdou-Chekaraou, Pierre Pradat, Nasser Al Hawajri, Alexandre Manirakiza, Gina Laure Laghoe, Claudine Bekondi, Ségolène Brichler, Jean-Omer Ouavéné, Abdoulaye Sépou, Brice Martial Yambiyo, Jean Chrysostome Gody, Valentin Fikouma, Athénais Gerber, Natali Abeywickrama Samarakoon, Dulce Alfaiate, Caroline Scholtès, Nora Martel, Frédéric Le Gal, Hugo Lo Pinto, Ikram Amri, Olivier Hantz, David Durantel, Jean-Louis Lesbordes, Emmanuel Gordien, Philippe Merle, Tudor Drugan, Christian Trépo, Fabien Zoulim, Jean-Claude Cortay, Alan Campbell Kay, Paul Dény
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) increases morbidity in Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients. In the mid-eighties, an outbreak of HDV fulminant hepatitis (FH) in the Central African Republic (CAR) killed 88% of patients hospitalized in Bangui. We evaluated infections with HBV and HDV among students and pregnant women, 25 years after the fulminant hepatitis (FH) outbreak to determine (i) the prevalence of HBV and HDV infection in this population, (ii) the clinical risk factors for HBV and/or HDV infections, and (iii) to characterize and compare the strains from the FH outbreak in the 1980s to the 2010 HBV-HDV strains...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698029/power-increases-the-socially-toxic-component-of-narcissism-among-individuals-with-high-baseline-testosterone
#18
Nicole L Mead, Roy F Baumeister, Anika Stuppy, Kathleen D Vohs
The corrosive effects of power have been noted for centuries, but the self-related changes responsible for those effects have remained somewhat elusive. Narcissists tend to rise to-and abuse-positions of power, so we considered the possibility that positions of power may corrupt because they inflate narcissism. Two pathways were considered: Powerholders abuse their power because having power over others makes them feel superior (grandiosity pathway) or deserving of special treatment (entitlement pathway). Supporting the entitlement pathway, assigning participants to a position of power (vs...
April 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688185/-facebook-addiction
#19
Balázs Dávid, Attila Körmendi
Among behavioural addictions, addiction towards social media sites are identified, which are subtypes of compulsive internet usage. Among these, the most significant is the so-called Facebook addiction. Scientific experts agree, that this new phenomenon hasn't been known in detail yet, so it needs intensified scientific exploration. Different aspects of the personality are inclined to raise the probability of developing Facebook addiction. Neurotic and narcissistic traits of the personality are modifying the characteristic of Facebook use, and by this tendency, risk the individual for developing addiction...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683047/using-media-while-interacting-face-to-face-is-associated-with-psychosocial-well-being-and-personality-traits
#20
Mindy Lee, Karen Murphy, Glenda Andrews
Positive face-to-face human interactions are known to benefit well-being. Drawing upon previous work regarding the interference of media (via technological devices or print) in social interaction, the aim of this study was to identify whether using media during face-to-face interaction could potentially limit the positive effect of interaction on well-being. Participants were 437 university students who completed an online survey which assessed media multitasking behaviors, well-being (trait depression, trait anxiety, social anxiety, empathy, and psychological well-being), and personality traits (Big-5 and narcissism)...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
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