keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthcare associated pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471470/a-registry-for-patients-with-asplenia-hyposplenism-reduces-the-risk-of-infections-with-encapsulated-organisms
#1
Alicia Arnott, Penelope Jones, Lucinda J Franklin, Denis Spelman, Karin Leder, Allen C Cheng
Background: Overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI) is a serious complication of asplenia. Clinical guidelines recommend a number of measures to reduce the risk of OPSI, but awareness and adherence to preventative measures is generally poor. We aimed to determine whether a registry for asplenic/hyposplenic patients was associated with a reduction in the incidence of infection with encapsulated bacteria. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of asplenic/hyposplenic patients in the state of Victoria, Australia who registered with Spleen Australia from 2003 - 2014...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462444/business-travel-associated-illness-a-geosentinel-analysis
#2
Lin H Chen, Karin Leder, Kira A Barbre, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Michael Libman, Jay Keystone, Marc Mendelson, Philippe Gautret, Eli Schwartz, Marc Shaw, Sue MacDonald, Anne McCarthy, Bradley A Connor, Douglas H Esposito, Davidson Hamer, Mary E Wilson
Background: Analysis of a large cohort of business travelers will help clinicians focus on frequent and serious illnesses. We aimed to describe travel-related health problems in business travelers. Methods: GeoSentinel Surveillance Network consists of 64 travel and tropical medicine clinics in 29 countries; descriptive analysis was performed on ill business travelers, defined as persons traveling for work, evaluated after international travel 1 January 1997 through 31 December 2014...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460754/delftia-tsuruhatensis-an-emergent-opportunistic-healthcare-associated-pathogen
#3
Alexandre Ranc, Grégory Dubourg, Pierre Edouard Fournier, Didier Raoult, Florence Fenollar
Delftia tsuruhatensis, which was first isolated in environmental samples, was rarely associated with human infections. We report on pneumonia caused by D. tsuruhatensis in an infant who underwent cardiac surgery. Retrospective analyses detected 9 other isolates from 8 patients. D. tsuruhatensis is an emergent pathogen, at least for immunocompromised patients.
March 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460284/dementia-and-risk-of-30-day-readmission-in-older-adults-after-discharge-from-acute-care-hospitals
#4
Nobuo Sakata, Yasuyuki Okumura, Kiyohide Fushimi, Miharu Nakanishi, Asao Ogawa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between dementia and risk of hospital readmission and to evaluate whether the effect of dementia on hospital readmission varies according to primary diagnosis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide discharge database of acute care hospitals in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older diagnosed with one of the 30 most common diagnoses and discharged from 987 hospitals between April 2014 and September 2015 (N = 1,834,378)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447204/comparison-of-viral-infection-in-healthcare-associated-pneumonia-hcap-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-cap
#5
Eun Sun Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Sang Hoon Lee, Yeon Joo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Young-Jae Cho, Ho Il Yoon, Choon-Taek Lee, Jae Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Although viruses are known to be the second most common etiological factor in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), the respiratory viral profile of the patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) has not yet been elucidated. We investigated the prevalence and the clinical impact of respiratory virus infection in adult patients with HCAP. METHODS: Patients admitted with HCAP or CAP, between January and December 2016, to a tertiary referral hospital in Korea, were prospectively enrolled, and virus identification was performed using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436438/healthcare-reconsultation-in-working-age-adults-following-hospitalisation-for-community-acquired-pneumonia
#6
Priya Daniel, Thomas Bewick, Tricia M McKeever, Mark Roberts, Deborah Ashton, Daniel Smith, Lenny Latip, Wei Shen Lim
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is associated with prolonged symptom persistence during recovery. However, the effect of the residual symptom load on healthcare utilisation is unknown. The aim of this study was to quantify healthcare reconsultation within 28 days of hospital discharge for an index episode of CAP, and explore reasons for these reconsultations. Adults of working age admitted to any of four hospitals in the UK, with a primary diagnosis of CAP, were prospectively studied. Of 108 patients, 71 (65...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433440/whole-genome-analysis-of-hypervirulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-community-and-hospital-acquired-bloodstream-infection
#7
Chaitra Shankar, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Laura Eve Buchnan Nabarro, Raji Ravi, Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi, Priscilla Rupali
BACKGROUND: Hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (hvKp) causes severe community acquired infections, predominantly in Asia. Though initially isolated from liver abscesses, they are now prevalent among invasive infections such as bacteraemia. There have been no studies reported till date on the prevalence and characterisation of hvKp in India. The objective of this study is to characterise the hypervirulent strains isolated from bacteraemic patients for determination of various virulence genes and resistance genes and also to investigate the difference between healthcare associated and community acquired hvKp with respect to clinical profile, antibiogram, clinical outcome and molecular epidemiology...
January 8, 2018: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432348/trends-of-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-elderly-patients-admitted-to-french-icus-between-2007-and-2014
#8
Cédric Dananché, Philippe Vanhems, Anaïs Machut, Martine Aupée, Caroline Bervas, François L'Hériteau, Alain Lepape, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Vincent Stoeckel, Jean-François Timsit, Anne Berger-Carbonne, Anne Savey, Thomas Bénet
OBJECTIVES: To assess trends and risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia according to age, particularly in the elderly admitted to French ICUs between 2007 and 2014. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective French national Healthcare-Associated Infection surveillance network of ICUs ("Réseau REA-Raisin"). SETTINGS: Two-hundred fifty six ICUs in 246 settings in France. PATIENTS: Included were all adult patients hospitalized greater than or equal to 48 hours in ICUs participating in the network...
February 9, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429440/neonatal-and-paediatric-bloodstream-infections-pathogens-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-and-prescribing-practice-at-khayelitsha-district-hospital-cape-town-south-africa
#9
H Crichton, N O'Connell, H Rabie, A C Whitelaw, A Dramowski
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of neonatal and paediatric community-acquired and healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (BSI) at South African (SA) district hospitals is under-researched. OBJECTIVE: Retrospective review of neonatal and paediatric BSI (0 - 13 years) at Khayelitsha District Hospital, Cape Town, SA, over 3 years (1 March 2012 - 28 February 2015). METHODS: We used laboratory, hospital, patient and prescription data to determine BSI rates, blood culture yield and contamination rates, pathogen profile, antimicrobial resistance, patient demographics, BSI outcome and antibiotic prescribing practice...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422174/efficacy-of-a-care-bundle-to-prevent-multiple-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-quasi-experimental-pretest-posttest-design-study
#10
Gulay Yazici, Hulya Bulut
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections extend hospitalization time, increase treatment costs and increase morbidity-mortality rates. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a care bundle aimed at preventing three most frequent intensive care unit-acquired infections. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This quasi-experimental study occurred in an 18-bed tertiary care intensive care unit at a university hospital in Turkey. The sample consisted of 120 patients older than 18years and receiving invasive mechanical ventilation therapy, or had a central venous catheter or urinary catheter...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421224/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-bacteremia-correlations-between-clinical-phenotypic-genotypic-characteristics-and-mortality-in-a-tertiary-teaching-hospital-in-malaysia
#11
Pik San Sit, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh, Nuryana Idris, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is a serious infection that can result in significant morbidity and mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine the predictors of mortality in patient with MRSA bacteremia correlating with clinical, phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the relevant strains. Most of the bacteremia cases were healthcare-associated (P < 0.0001). Older age (P < 0.0001) and comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypertension and chronic kidney disease) were identified as the risk factors for MRSA bacteremia...
February 6, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408389/hospital-ownership-a-risk-factor-for-nosocomial-infection-rates
#12
Christin Schröder, Michael Behnke, Christine Geffers, Petra Gastmeier
BACKGROUND: In some countries, a relationship between hospital ownership and the occurrence of healthcare associated infection rates (HCAI) has been described. AIM: To investigate the association between hospital ownership and occurrence of HCAI in Germany. METHODS: Five different components of the German national nosocomial infection surveillance system were analyzed with regard to the influence of hospital ownership in the period 2014-16 (Components for intensive care units (ICUs) with the endpoints ventilator associated pneumonia, central venous catheter associated bloodstream infections, and urinary catheter associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections (SSI) following hip prosthesis, and colon surgery, meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) and hand rub consumption per 1000 patient days)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407178/voltammeric-monitoring-of-linezolid-meropenem-and-theophylline-in-plasmas
#13
Ali K Attia, Medhat A Al-Ghobashy, Ghada M El-Sayed, Samah M Kamal
Treatment of healthcare associated Pneumonia (HCAP) caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) requires therapeutic protocols formed of linezolid (LIN) either alone or in combination with meropenem (MERO) and theophylline (THEO). The inter-individual pharmacokinetic variations require the development of reliable therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) tools especially in immunocompromised patients. A sensitive square wave voltammetric sensor using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) modified carbon paste electrode in Britton-Robinson buffer was developed and validated...
January 25, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395511/healthcare-associated-infections-in-the-neurological-intensive-care-unit-results-of-a-6-year-surveillance-study-at-a-major-tertiary-care-center
#14
Yasser B Abulhasan, Susan P Rachel, Marc-Olivier Châtillon-Angle, Najayeb Alabdulraheem, Ian Schiller, Nandini Dendukuri, Mark R Angle, Charles Frenette
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) occur frequently in neurological intensive care units (neuro-ICUs); however, data differentiating associations with various diagnostic categories and resulting burdens are limited. This prospective cohort study reported incidence rates, pathogen distribution, and patient-related outcomes of HAIs in a neuro-ICU population from April 2010 to March 2016. METHODS: Laboratory results and specific clinical indicators were used to categorize infections as per National Healthcare Safety Network nosocomial infection surveillance definitions...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390399/clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-risk-factors-of-healthcare-associated-pneumonia-in-a-korean-tertiary-teaching-hospital-erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378589/patients-perceptions-of-interactions-with-hospital-staff-are-associated-with-hospital-readmissions-a-national-survey-of-4535-hospitals
#16
Lianping Yang, Chaojie Liu, Cunrui Huang, Dana B Mukamel
BACKGROUND: Reducing 30-day hospital readmissions has become a focus of the current national payment policies. Medicare requires that hospitals collect and report patients' experience with their care as a condition of payment. However, the extent to which patients' experience with hospital care is related to hospital readmission is unknown. METHODS: We established multivariate regression models in which 30-day risk-adjusted readmission rates were the dependent variables and patients' perceptions of the responsiveness of the hospital staff and communication (as measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores) were the independent variables of interest...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373768/results-of-the-national-surveillance-of-antimicrobial-resistance-of-enterobacteriaceae-and-gram-negative-bacilli-in-health-care-associated-infections-in-colombia-2012-2014
#17
María Victoria Ovalle, Sandra Yamile Saavedra, María Nilse González, Andrea Melissa Hidalgo, Carolina Duarte, Mauricio Beltrán
INTRODUCTION: The Colombian National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System for the surveillance of healthcare-associated infections was set up to meet this problem in the third quarter of 2012. OBJECTIVE: To describe resistance profiles and laboratory-based surveillance based on the information collected by the System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study of the information notified to the Colombian Public Health Surveillance System (Sivigila), and in the Whonet databases covering the period from July 2012 to December 2014 provided by the primary data-generating units in the country, as well as laboratory surveillance results from 1,642 phenotypic and genotypic tests on carbapenemase isolates (927 from Enterobacteriaceae, 614 from Pseudomonas spp...
December 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357715/economic-burden-of-varicella-in-children-1-12-years-of-age-in-argentina-2009-2014
#18
Norberto Giglio, Homero Monsanto, Emmanouil Rampakakis, H Keri Yang, Barbara J Kuter, Lara J Wolfson
INTRODUCTION: In Argentina, varicella vaccination was included in the national schedule for mandatory immunizations in 2015. The vaccine has been shown to substantially reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with the virus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and economic burden associated with varicella in Argentina prior to vaccine introduction. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective chart review study among patients aged 1-12 years with a primary varicella diagnosis in 2009-2014 in Argentina...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340593/the-clinical-utility-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-nasal-screening-to-rule-out-mrsa-pneumonia-a-diagnostic-meta-analysis-with-antimicrobial-stewardship-implications
#19
Diane M Parente, Cheston B Cunha, Eleftherios Mylonakis, Tristan T Timbrook
Background: Recent literature has highlighted MRSA nasal screening as a possible antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) tool for avoiding unnecessary empiric MRSA therapy for pneumonia, yet current guidelines recommend MRSA therapy based on risk factors. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the diagnostic value of MRSA nasal screening in MRSA pneumonia. Methods: Pubmed and EMBASE were searched from inception to November 2016 for English studies evaluating MRSA nasal screening and development of MRSA pneumonia...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#20
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
February 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
keyword
keyword
13526
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"