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Community aquired pneumonia

Y Shi, P Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Michael E Egger, John A Myers, Forest W Arnold, Leigh Ann Pass, Julio A Ramirez, Guy N Brock
BACKGROUND: Adherence to guidelines for the treatment of hospitalized elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has been associated with improved clinical outcomes. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of adherence to guidelines for the treatment of CAP in an elderly hospitalized patient cohort. METHODS: Data from an international, multicenter observational study for patients age 65 years or older hospitalized with CAP from 2001 to 2007 were used to estimate transition probabilities for a multi-state Markov model traversing multiple health states during hospitalization for CAP...
March 15, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Lu Wnag, Chen Yang, Qian Zhang, Bing Han, Jun-jing Zhuang, Miao Chen, Nong Zou, Jian Li, Ming-hui Duan, Wei Zhang, Tie-nan Zhu, Ying Xu, Shu-jie Wang, Dao-bin Zhou, Yong-qiang Zhao, Hui Zhang, Peng Wang, Ying-chun Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, pathogens, and clinical features of infection in consecutive cases from 2010 to 2012 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. METHOD: The incidence, pathogen, treatment, and outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who had positive findings of bacterium in their samples from 2010 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: There were 449 positive samples (5.8%) from 4 890 patients during this period, among which 388 were proved to be with pathogenic bacteria...
August 2014: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Perlat Kapisyzi, Dhimitraq Argjiri, Anila Aliko, Jeta Beli, Ylli Vakeffliu, Roland Kore, Elenka Shehu, Ornela Nuredini, Regina Hasa, Loreta Bica, Mirela Tabaku, Epaminonda Fype
SESSION TYPE: Respiratory Infections Posters IIPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: The aim of the study was to eveluate benefical effect of corticosterides in short treatment of community aquired pneumonia (CAP).METHODS: We enrolled a total of 149 hospitalized patients, for a period of an year (Januay 2011 to Decembre 2011). The diagnose of CAP was made using standard clinical and radiological criteria. Disease severity was scored using Pneumonia Severity Index. Age , antibiotic treatment and PSI adjustement has been done between the groups...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Karina Jahnz-Rózyk
According to the WHO pneumonia are the third leading cause of death in low-and middle-income countries. In these countries, an important issue are also HIV/AIDS infections and tuberculosis. The clinical picture of severe pneumonia - outside hospital (community aquired pneumonia - CAP) and in-hospital (hospital-associated pneumonia - HAP & ventilator-associated pneumonia - VAP) is different similarly to laboratory examines results. In the etiology of infections the biological warfare pathogens were also included...
November 2012: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
O I Smian, V A Horbas', T P Bynda, O P Moshchych, P I Sichnenko, O K Romaniuk, O H Vasyl'ieva, A O Potapova
The article analyzed 60 patients with community-aquired pneumonia from ages 6 to 18 years. The dependences of trace levels of zinc and copper in the serum of these children on the activity of the inflammatory process. Analysis of survey results showed that in children with community-aquired pneumonia was observed imbalance of trace elements Zn, Cu. Severity of such violations depended mainly on severity disease and to a lesser extent on age. Normalization of detected metabolic microelement content in a period of convalescence practically advancing...
April 2012: Likars'ka Sprava
J R Bogner, A Gillissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2012: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Iu A Vitkovski, Iu V Golodnykh, B I Kuznik, I D Likhanov, A V Solpov
AIM: To investigate immunity and lymphocytic-thrombocytic adhesion in pneumonia patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The examination of 59 male patients with pneumonia aged 18-21 years included calculation of total leucocyte count, lymphocyte subpopulations, relative and absolute count of lymphocytic-thrombocytic aggregates (LTA), measurement of IgA, IgM, IgG concentrations. RESULTS: Pneumonia patients have high count of leukocytes and low count of total and relative count of lymphocytes, low number of main lymphocytic subpopulations (CD4+, CD8+, CD16+, CD22+)...
2009: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Krzysztof J Karwat, Magdalena Grabczak, Ryszarda Chazan
The aim of this prospective study was to determine the efficacy and safety of levofloxacin in the treatment of community-aquired pneumonia (CAP) in outpatient with ineffective antibiotic management, requiring hospitalization. The examined group included 25 patients (11 M, 14 F) of mean age 70+/-17,5 years with abnormalities in X-ray on admission to hospital. Risk factors for pneumonia and previous antibacterial therapy were analyzed. In the hospital they were treated for 7 days with levofloxacin 500 mg twice a day administred intravenously...
2006: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
E Meyer, W Ebner, A Heininger, F Schwab, H Rüden, F D Daschner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2005: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
S Ragnar Norrby
Community-aquired pneumonia caused by atypical bacteria or viruses was studied in a double-blind trial comparing fleroxacin 400 mg od and doxycycline 100 mg bd for 10 days. The aetiology was confirmed in 258 of 411 cases (66%), of which 133 were caused by Mycoplasma spp., Chlamydia spp. or Legionella spp.; 30 patients had viral infection, nine had pneumococcal or Haemophilus influenzae infection and 93 had mixed aetiology. In intention-to-treat analyses clinical response rates in fleroxacin-treated patients were 86% (157/182) and 75% (137/182) 2-8 days and 3-5 weeks after therapy, respectively...
April 1997: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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