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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906001/moonlighting-in-residency-a-dermatology-perspective
#1
Jaclyn Chesner, Lauren M Ogrich, Carrie Ann Cusack, John R Durkin
BACKGROUND: Moonlighting refers to the practice of medicine outside one's training institution in exchange for financial compensation. High medical debt-to-income ratios drive residents to seek additional compensation during residency. OBJECTIVE: To gather information to establish the current practices of moonlighting and to better understand the thoughts and experiences of dermatology residency program directors regarding moonlighting. METHODS: All allopathic and osteopathic dermatology residency program directors in the United States and Puerto Rico received a blinded survey between February 1, 2017 and April 1, 2017 through an email link...
April 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896978/associations-between-cancer-screening-behavior-and-complementary-medicine-use-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-9151-australian-women
#2
Jane Elizabeth Frawley, Erica McIntyre, David Sibbritt, Jon Wardle, Janet Schloss, Romy Lauche, Jon Adams
INTRODUCTION: Complementary medicine (CM) use has been found to influence the uptake of conventional cancer treatment. This study examines associations between CM use and cancer screening rates. METHODS: Women aged 62 to 67 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were surveyed regarding their use of cancer screening initiatives. Associations between cancer screening behavior and visits to CM practitioners were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 9151 women, 9049 (98...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889933/medical-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-with-regard-to-skin-cancer-and-sun-protective-behaviors
#3
Nedyalko N Ivanov, Aili Swan, Emily Hill Guseman, Jonathon Whipps, Laura L Jensen, Elizabeth A Beverly
Background: Skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the United States. Training medical students about the importance of sun-protective behaviors is critical to reducing skin cancer rates. However, minimal research has explored osteopathic medical students' knowledge and behaviors with regard to the sun's effect on skin health. Objective: To assess first-year osteopathic medical students' knowledge about skin cancer and UV radiation, attitudes toward tanning, and sun-protective behaviors to establish baseline values...
June 11, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884165/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-designed-to-increase-the-uptake-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-best-practices-among-musculoskeletal-professionals-a-systematic-review
#4
Fadi M Al Zoubi, Anita Menon, Nancy E Mayo, André E Bussières
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate evidence about the effectiveness of knowledge translation (KT) interventions to improve the uptake and application of clinical practice guidelines and best practices for a wide range of musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders and health care professionals. METHODS: A search for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English was conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid interface), EMBASE, CINAHL, and CENTRAL (Cochrane library)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861226/experiences-of-pregnant-women-receiving-osteopathic-care
#5
Anna Sheraton, Julie Streckfuss, Sandra Grace
The state of women's health during pregnancy and in the post-natal period can have profound and long-term effects on their own health and that of their children. Women are increasingly seeking complementary and alternative therapies during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of women who received osteopathic treatment during pregnancy. METHOD: This phenomenological study used semi-structured interviews with pregnant patients who were undergoing osteopathic care in northern NSW and south-east Queensland, Australia...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861222/osteopathic-manual-therapy-in-heart-failure-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Sergio R Thomaz, Felipe A Teixeira, Alexandra C G B de Lima, Gerson Cipriano Júnior, Magno F Formiga, Lawrence Patrick Cahalin
BACKGROUND: Heart Failure (HF) patients usually present with increased arterial resistance and reduced blood pressure (BP) leading to an impaired functional capacity. Osteopathic Manual Therapy (OMT) focused on myofascial release techniques (MRT) and in the balancing of diaphragmatic tensions, has been shown to improve blood flow in individuals using the resistive index (RI). However, its effects in HF patients have not been examined. PURPOSE: To evaluate the acute response of selected osteopathic techniques on RI, heart rate (HR), and BP in patients with HF...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861220/successful-outcome-of-musculoskeletal-injury-leads-to-a-reduction-in-chronic-fatigue-a-case-report
#7
Carl Todd DO
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a general term used to describe a number of medical conditions that lead to persistent levels of fatigue and distress. OBJECTIVES: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) combined with shoulder exercises to resolve musculoskeletal sports injury may have also led to a reduction in pain and improved strength with the patient reporting a change in CFS levels. CLINICAL FEATURES: 19-year-old male student, (statue 194cm and mass 80kg) who had played county level cricket and hockey...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861217/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-chronic-coccydynia-a-case-series
#8
D Origo, A G Tarantino, A Nonis, L Vismara
BACKGROUND: Coccydynia is a disorder associated with pain/discomfort at the base of the spine. The role of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in chronic coccydynia as well as for low back pain (LBP) and radicular pain (RP) associated with coccydynia, has not previously been investigated. This study seeks to analyse the effects of OMT on chronic coccydynia compared to physical therapy and pharmacological treatment (PTPT). The secondary objective is to analyse the effect of OMT on LBP and RP associated with coccydynia...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861216/the-immediate-effect-of-osteopathic-cervical-spine-mobilization-on-median-nerve-mechanosensitivity-a-triple-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Gary Whelan, Ross Johnston, Charles Millward, Darren J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Neurodynamics is a clinical medium for testing the mechanical sensitivity of peripheral nerves which innervate the tissues of both the upper and lower limb. Currently, there is paucity in the literature of neurodynamic testing in osteopathic research, and where there is research, these are often methodologically flawed, without the appropriate comparators, blinding and reliability testing. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the physiological effects (measured through Range of Motion; ROM), of a commonly utilized cervical mobilization treatment during a neurodynamic test, with the appropriate methodology, i...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809262/osteopathic-cranial-manipulative-medicine-in-the-setting-of-concussion
#10
Chris Warren, Jordan Keys, Stacey Pierce-Talsma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809258/use-of-a-clinical-pathologic-conference-to-demonstrate-residents-acgme-emergency-medicine-milestones-aid-in-faculty-development-and-increase-academic-output
#11
Kathleen Kane, Kevin Weaver, Gavin Barr, Shawn Quinn, Terrence Goyke, Amy Smith, Dawn Yenser, Bryan Kane
The Emergency Medicine Milestones Project, developed by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Emergency Medicine, includes competence targets for residents to attain and, ultimately, to exceed American Osteopathic Association and ACGME expectations for residents. The authors sought to use the clinical pathologic conference (CPC) format in their institutions' Emergency Medicine Milestones Project to provide measurable residency academic and faculty development outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809257/osteopathic-manipulative-therapy-potentiates-motor-cortical-plasticity
#12
Viviana Ponzo, Alex Martino Cinnera, Francesco Mommo, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch, Marco Tramontano
Context: Osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh; manipulative care provided by foreign-trained osteopaths) is effective in managing pain caused by a variety of clinical conditions. Nevertheless, the physiologic mechanisms at the basis of the clinical improvement are poorly understood. Objective: To investigate the effects of OMTh, muscle stretching, and soft touch interventions on motor cortical excitability through a rapid-rate paired associative stimulation (PAS) protocol...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809256/first-year-osteopathic-medical-students-knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-physical-activity
#13
Emily Hill Guseman, Jonathon Whipps, Cheryl A Howe, Elizabeth A Beverly
Context: Current guidelines recommend that primary care physicians provide physical activity counseling as part of routine preventive health care. However, education regarding physical activity counseling often is not included or is inadequately covered in medical school curriculum, and it is unclear whether future physicians are prepared to offer effective counseling in this area. Objective: To examine first-year medical students' knowledge of and attitudes toward physical activity and the importance of physical activity in patient counseling...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809255/practice-area-intentions-of-graduates-of-colleges-of-osteopathic-medicine-what-role-does-debt-play
#14
Jesse R Richards, Caleb J Scheckel, Matt Kunz, Jessica R Newman, Kenneth G Poole, Lanyu Mi
Context: Enrollment in colleges of osteopathic medicine continues to increase, as does the need for physicians practicing in underserved areas. The cost of osteopathic medical education is substantial, with students often incurring debt of $200,000 or more. It is unclear whether practice patterns of new graduates will be affected by debt-to-income ratios. Objective: To determine whether the intended practice location of graduates of colleges of osteopathic medicine is associated with medical education debt...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809254/reducing-health-disparities-understanding-the-unintended-effects-of-health-care-professional-and-patient-characteristics-on-treatment
#15
Samantha Nazione, Anthony Nazione
Context: The responsibility-affect-helping model proposes that helping behavior is a function of perceived responsibility and affect. Objective: To examine the effect of medical students' degree (DO or MD) and gender on attitudes toward patients and how these factors could act as moderators in the responsibility-affect-helping model. Methods: This 2×3 experimental study included third- and fourth-year osteopathic (ie, DO) and allopathic (ie, MD) medical students...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809252/official-call-2018-annual-business-meeting-of-the-american-osteopathic-association
#16
Mark A Baker, Ray L Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787734/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-including-specific-diaphragm-techniques-improves-pain-and-disability-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-trial
#17
Mireia Martí-Salvador, Laura Hidalgo-Moreno, Julio Doménech-Fernández, Juan Francisco Lisón, Maria Dolores Arguisuelas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) which includes a diaphragm intervention compared to the same OMT with a sham-diaphragm intervention in chronic non-specific low back pain (NS-CLBP). DESIGN: Parallel group randomized controlled trial SETTING: private and institutional health centers. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-six subjects (18-60 yrs.) with a diagnosis of NS-CLBP lasting at least 3 months. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive either an OMT protocol including specific diaphragm techniques (n=33) or the same OMT protocol with a sham-diaphragm intervention (n=33), conducted in five sessions provided during 4 weeks...
May 19, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782181/effectiveness-of-an-osteopathic-abdominal-manual-intervention-in-pain-thresholds-lumbopelvic-mobility-and-posture-in-women-with-chronic-functional-constipation
#18
María José Martínez-Ochoa, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Javier González-Iglesias, François Ricard, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of an osteopathic abdominal manual intervention (AMI) on pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), mobility, hip flexibility, and posture in women with chronic functional constipation. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: Subjects were recruited for the study by referral from different gastroenterology outpatient clinics in the city of Madrid (Spain). SUBJECTS: Sixty-two patients suffering from chronic functional constipation according to the guidelines of the Congress of Rome III...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780605/an-evaluation-of-osteopathic-treatment-on-psychological-outcomes-with-patients-suffering-from-chronic-pain-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-collected-through-a-health-and-well-being-academy
#20
Darren J Edwards, Craig Toutt
Co-morbid mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression and fear avoidance are often associated with chronic pain. This novel study aimed to explore the impact of osteopathic treatment on several psychological outcome measures relating to anxiety, depression, mental health and fear avoidance for a chronic pain population receiving osteopathic treatment over a 2-week period. The findings show that there were significant reductions in anxiety, pain, mental health dysfunction and improvements in self-care...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
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