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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224317/comparison-study-of-judged-clinical-skills-competence-from-standard-setting-ratings-generated-under-different-administration-conditions
#1
William L Roberts, John Boulet, Jeanne Sandella
When the safety of the public is at stake, it is particularly relevant for licensing and credentialing exam agencies to use defensible standard setting methods to categorize candidates into competence categories (e.g., pass/fail). The aim of this study was to gather evidence to support change to the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation standard setting design and administrative process. Twenty-two video recordings of candidates assessed for clinical competence were randomly selected from the 2014-2015 Humanistic domain test score distribution ranging from the highest to lowest quintile of performance...
February 21, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215390/osteopathic-management-of-chronic-constipation-in-women-patients-results-of-a-pilot-study
#2
Aurélie Belvaux, Michel Bouchoucha, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Constipation is a common problem in western countries. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for the treatment of constipated women with functional constipation (FC) or defeation disorders (DD). METHODS: Twenty-one constipated females referred to a tertiary center were recruited. A course of OMT, weekly for four weeks, was given. Clinical questionnaire, Bristol stool form scale and patients' subjective perception of constipation, bloating and abdominal pain, were recorded...
February 15, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192872/premedical-anatomy-experience-and-student-performance-in-medical-gross-anatomy
#3
Peter Kondrashov, Dalton J McDaniel, Rebecca M Jordan
INTRODUCTION: Gross anatomy is considered one of the most important basic science courses in medical education, yet few medical schools require its completion prior to matriculation. The effect of taking anatomy courses before entering medical school on performance in medical gross anatomy has been previously studied with inconsistent results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of premedical anatomy coursework on performance in medical gross anatomy, overall medical school grade point average (GPA), and Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination Level 1 (COMLEX 1) score was evaluated in 456 first-year osteopathic medical students along with a survey on its perceived benefits on success in medical gross anatomy course...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187005/the-state-of-disability-awareness-in-american-medical-schools
#4
Erica Seidel, Scott Crowe
This study was designed to: (1) determine how many American medical schools include disability awareness in their curriculum, (2) explore the format of disability awareness programs in existence, and (3) understand why some schools do not include disability awareness in their curriculum. An online survey was sent to deans of medical education (or equivalent positions) at accredited allopathic and osteopathic American medical schools (N = 167) in 2015. Seventy-five schools (45%) completed surveys. Fifty-two percent (39/75) reported having a disability awareness program...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179718/examining-health-care-students-attitudes-toward-e-professionalism
#5
Jacob P Gettig, Sandhya Noronha, John Graneto, Lillian Obucina, Kelli J Christensen, Nancy F Fjortoft
Objective. To compare pharmacy, osteopathic medicine, dental medicine, and physician assistant (PA) students' perceptions of e-professionalism. Methods. A 20-item questionnaire was developed and administered to four cohorts of health care professions students early in their first professional year. The questionnaire contained 16 scenarios in which a hypothetical health care student or professional shared information or content electronically and students were asked to indicate how much they agreed that the scenario represented professional behavior...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167171/professional-ballet-dancers-experience-of-injury-and-osteopathic-treatment-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-study
#6
Tobias Pollard-Smith, Oliver P Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Professional dancers suffer significant musculoskeletal injuries during the course of their careers. Treatment-seeking behaviour is important in all patient populations, yet is rarely investigated amongst professional dancers. This qualitative study aimed to form a better understanding of how dancers decide to seek treatment, and in particular to explore their experiences of receiving osteopathic care for their injuries. METHODS: A qualitative study design using grounded theory was used as a methodological framework for data collection and analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167164/experiences-of-intervertebral-motion-palpation-in-osteopathic-practice-a-qualitative-interview-study-among-swedish-osteopaths
#7
Niklas S Sposato, Kristofer Bjerså
BACKGROUND: Assessment in manual therapy includes quantitative and qualitative procedures, and intervertebral motion palpation (IMP) is one of the core assessment methods in osteopathic practice. The aim of this study was to explore osteopathic practitioners' experiences of clinical decision-making and IMP as a diagnostic tool for planning and evaluation of osteopathic interventions. METHOD: The study was conducted with semi-structured interviews that included eight informants...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144166/osteopathic-treatment-in-a-patient-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-with-left-brachialgia-a-case-report
#8
Bruno Bordoni, Fabiola Marelli, Bruno Morabito, Beatrice Sacconi
This study deals with an osteopathic approach used for a patient with left-ventricular assist device (L-VAD) affected by left brachialgia. Clinical examination revealed the presence of thoracic outlet syndrome and pectoralis minor syndrome, with compression of the left proximal ulnar nerve, related to the surgical sternotomy performed. The osteopathic techniques used can be classified as indirect and direct, addressed to the pectoralis minor and the first left rib, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first text in literature with an osteopathic treatment in a patient with L-VAD...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134961/somatic-dysfunction-in-the-diagnosis-of-uncommon-ectopic-pregnancies-surgical-correlation-and-comparison-with-related-pathologic-findings
#9
Daniel Martingano, Hannah Canepa, Setareh Fararooy, Dmitriy Rybitskiy, Sam Shahem, Francis X Martingano, George Aglialoro
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancies occur when the implantation of a fertilized ovum occurs outside the endometrial cavity. Such pregnancies occur in approximately 1.5% to 2.0% of all pregnancies and cause 6% of maternal deaths. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate osteopathic structural examination (OSE) findings in patients with ectopic pregnancies of uncommon locations and to establish the utility of these findings in the diagnosis of these ectopic pregnancies. METHODS: In this prospective case series, a focused OSE was performed on each patient with an ectopic pregnancy at her initial presentation after the patient history but before other diagnostic or laboratory tests were performed and surgical treatment was initiated...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134955/ruptured-primary-omental-pregnancy-mimicking-adnexal-implantation
#10
Daniel Martingano, Anton Bogdanov, Dmitriy Rybitskiy, Francis X Martingano, Sam Shahem
Ectopic pregnancies occur when the implantation of a fertilized ovum occurs outside of the endometrial cavity. The majority of ectopic pregnancies encountered in clinical practice are located within the fallopian tube. Abdominal pregnancies represent 1% of all ectopic pregnancies. Primary omental pregnancy, in which the extrauterine site of implantation is the greater omentum, is the least common form of abdominal pregnancy. The rarity of an ectopic pregnancy in the omentum and the absence of clinical symptoms often delays diagnosis and proper identification before rupture...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134953/comparison-of-basic-science-knowledge-between-do-and-md-students
#11
Glenn E Davis, Gregory G Gayer
CONTEXT: With the coming single accreditation system for graduate medical education, medical educators may wonder whether knowledge in basic sciences is equivalent for osteopathic and allopathic medical students. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether medical students' basic science knowledge is the same among osteopathic and allopathic medical students. METHODS: A dataset of the Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA student records from the classes of 2013, 2014, and 2015 and the national cohort of National Board of Medical Examiners Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (NBME-CBSE) parameters for MD students were used...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134952/pectus-excavatum-a-review-of-diagnosis-and-current-treatment-options
#12
Irfaan Abid, MennatAllah M Ewais, Joseph Marranca, Dawn E Jaroszewski
Osteopathic medicine places a special emphasis on the musculoskeletal system, and understanding how chest wall structure may influence function is critical. Pectus excavatum is a common congenital chest wall defect in which the sternum is depressed posteriorly. Patients may present with complaints of chest wall discomfort, exercise intolerance, and tachycardia. The medical implications, diagnosis, and treatment options for patients with pectus excavatum are reviewed.
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119789/integration-of-osteopathic-manual-treatments-in-management-of-cervical-dystonia-with-tremor-a-case-series
#13
Miriam Halimi, Adena Leder, Jayme D Mancini
BACKGROUND: Cervical dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is a chronic disorder in which patients exhibit involuntary repetitive contractions of neck muscles resulting in abnormal postures or movements. Occasionally, there is also a dystonic head tremor. The underlying mechanisms for cervical dystonia and dystonic tremor are not clear, and treatments are limited. CASE REPORT: In the present cases, two females with head tremor starting in adolescence developed worsening symptoms of cervical dystonia with dystonic tremor in their 60s...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116009/teaching-the-emergency-department-patient-experience-needs-assessment-from-the-cord-em-task-force
#14
Kory S London, Jeffrey Druck, Matthew Silver, Douglas Finefrock
INTRODUCTION: Since the creation of Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) patient satisfaction (PS) scores, patient experience (PE) has become a metric that can profoundly affect the fiscal balance of hospital systems, reputation of entire departments and welfare of individual physicians. While government and hospital mandates demonstrate the prominence of PE as a quality measure, no such mandate exists for its education. The objective of this study was to determine the education and evaluation landscape for PE in categorical emergency medicine (EM) residencies...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109570/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-improves-heart-surgery-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Vittorio Racca, Bruno Bordoni, Paolo Castiglioni, Maddalena Modica, Maurizio Ferratini
BACKGROUND: Controlling sternal pain after heart surgery is important to reduce the risk of postoperative complications, but pain is often undertreated because of contraindications and side effects of analgesic drugs. Recently, osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) was demonstrated to reduce pain in different clinical contexts, suggesting its potential utility after cardiac surgery. The aim of this open-label, controlled study is to assess whether OMT contributes to sternal pain relief and improves postoperative outcomes...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089800/osteopathic-manipulation-in-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chest-pain
#16
EDITORIAL
Daniel M Gelfman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055087/osteopathic-philosophy-and-manipulation-enhancement-program-influence-on-osteopathic-medical-students-interest-in-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine
#17
Mikhail Volokitin, Pavan V Ganapathiraju
CONTEXT: Interest in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) among first- and second-year osteopathic medical students typically declines toward the end of the second year of medical school. An osteopathic philosophy and manipulation enhancement (OPME) program was implemented for osteopathic medical students to gain additional exposure to OMM at the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York, New York. OBJECTIVE: To assess how additional exposure to OMM through the OPME program influenced first- and second-year students' interest in using OMM...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055086/keeping-osteopathic-medicine-osteopathic-in-a-single-accreditation-system-for-graduate-medical-education
#18
Martin S Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#19
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030420/changes-in-primary-care-graduate-medical-education-are-not-correlated-with-indicators-of-need-are-states-missing-an-opportunity-to-strengthen-their-primary-care-workforce
#20
Anastasia J Coutinho, Kathleen Klink, Peter Wingrove, Stephen Petterson, Robert L Phillips, Andrew Bazemore
PURPOSE: Federal and state graduate medical education (GME) funding exceeds $15 billion annually. It is critical to understand mechanisms to align undergraduate medical education (UME) and GME to meet workforce needs. This study aimed to determine whether states' primary care GME (PCGME) trainee growth correlates with indicators of need. METHOD: Data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Association of the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the U...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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