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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142578/food-exchange-list-and-dietary-management-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-cultural-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Mahnaz Nasir Khan, Samia Kalsoom, Ayyaz Ali Khan
This review focuses at highlighting the importance of Food Exchange List in cultural perspective, as an effective dietary tool to help individuals' manage their dietary modifications in relation to non communicable diseases whilst specifying measures that can help improve the quality of Food Exchange Lists for combating various non communicable diseases and addressing adherence related issues to specialized diets. A search was done using PubMed & Google Scholar till June 2016. Search terms used were food exchange list AND disease, diet AND non-communicable diseases...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142435/characterization-of-the-phenolic-compound-gallic-acid-from-sansevieria-roxburghiana-schult-and-schult-f-rhizomes-and-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-evaluation
#2
Rajalekshmi Maheshwari, Chandrashekara Shastry Shreedhara, Picheswara Rao Polu, Renuka Suresh Managuli, Seena Kanniparambil Xavier, Richard Lobo, Manjunath Setty, Srinivas Mutalik
Background: Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. and Schult. f. (Asparagaceae) grows in India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and tropical Africa. Even though the plant has been traditionally used for the treatment of many ailments, the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of S. roxburghiana methanol extract and its fractions have not yet been explored. Materials and Methods: Quantitative estimation of phenols and different antioxidant assays were performed using standard methods...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142401/phytochemical-compositions-and-in-vitro-assessments-of-antioxidant-and-antidiabetic-potentials-of-fractions-from-ehretia-cymosa-thonn
#3
Akintayo Ogundajo, Anofi Tom Ashafa
Background: Ehretia cymosa Thonn. is a popular medicinal plant used in different parts of West Africa for the treatment of various ailments including diabetes mellitus. Objective: The current study investigates bioactive constituents and in vitro antioxidant and antidiabetic potentials of fractions from extract of E. cymosa. Materials and Methods: Phytochemical investigation and antioxidant assays were carried out using standard procedures...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142398/cytotoxic-antimitotic-and-antiproliferation-studies-on-rasam-a-south-indian-traditional-functional-food
#4
Agilandeswari Devarajan, M K Mohan Maruga Raja
Background: Rasam is a traditional South Indian food, prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with a variety of spices. Rasam, with all its ingredients medicinally claimed for various ailments, is a functional food. Systematic consumption of traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Objective: To study rasam for cytotoxic, antimitotic, and antiproliferation potential beyond its culinary and nutritional effect...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141602/association-between-sarcopenia-and-low-back-pain-in-local-residents-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-gaina-study
#5
Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino, Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common ailments that people experience in their lifetime. On the other hands, Sarcopenia also leads to several physical symptoms and contributes to reducing the quality of life of elderly people.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia and low back pain among the general population. METHODS: The subjects included 216 adults (79 men and 137 women; mean age, 73.5 years) undergoing a general medical examination in Hino, Japan...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141025/suppression-of-inflammatory-and-infection-responses-in-lung-macrophages-by-eucalyptus-oil-and-its-constituent-1-8-cineole-role-of-pattern-recognition-receptors-trem-1-and-nlrp3-the-map-kinase-regulator-mkp-1-and-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#6
Niket Yadav, Harish Chandra
Eucalyptus oil (EO) used in traditional medicine continues to prove useful for aroma therapy in respiratory ailments; however, there is a paucity of information on its mechanism of action and active components. In this direction, we investigated EO and its dominant constituent 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol) using the murine lung alveolar macrophage (AM) cell line MH-S. In an LPS-induced AM inflammation model, pre-treatment with EO significantly reduced (P ≤0.01or 0.05) the pro-inflammatory mediators TNF-α, IL-1 (α and β), and NO, albeit at a variable rate and extent; 1,8-cineole diminished IL-1 and IL-6...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137206/ancient-food-habits-dictate-that-food-can-be-medicine-but-medicine-cannot-be-food
#7
Hit Kishore Goswami, Hitendra Kumar Ram
Background: Extensive surveys of several population settlements in different parts of India-covering plains, mountains, valleys, river banks and deeper areas of forests at different altitudes-between 1968 and 2016 demonstrated that the basic vital need of hunger is being fulfilled since antiquity by plants in the wild. Methods: Based on collections, consultations with local population personnel and literature searches, this paper presents many plants that are commonly used as food and focuses on their products, which are rich in alkaloids, polysaccharides, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, aminoacids, fatty acids and antibiotics etc...
November 13, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137205/oleanolic-acid-and-its-derivatives-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-potential-in-chronic-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Taiwo Betty Ayeleso, Mashudu Given Matumba, Emmanuel Mukwevho
The increasing demand for natural products as an alternative therapy for chronic diseases has encouraged research into the pharmacological importance of bioactive compounds from plants. Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the therapeutic potential of oleanolic acid (OA) in the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Oleanolic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid widely found in plants, including fruits and vegetables with different techniques and chromatography platforms being employed in its extraction and isolation...
November 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136774/an-overview-of-neuroprotective-and-cognitive-enhancement-properties-of-lignans-from-schisandra-chinensis
#9
REVIEW
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Ponnuvel Deepa, Minju Kim, Se Jin Park, Songmun Kim
Schisandra chinensis fruits have been traditionally used for thousands of years in Korea, China and Japan to treat various ailments. The fruits contain a variety of bioactive metabolites, especially lignan components have been reported to have various biological activities and have potential in the treatment of numerous neurodegenerative diseases. The lignans from S. chinensis are mainly grouped under dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans. Previous studies have reported that the crude extracts and the isolated pure lignan components effectively protect the neuronal cell damage and significantly enhance the cognitive performances...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134229/decursin-and-decursinol-angelate-molecular-mechanism-and-therapeutic-potential-in-inflammatory-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Adeeb Shehzad, Sajida Parveen, Munibah Qureshi, Fazli Subhan, Young Sup Lee
Epidemiological studies have shown that inflammation plays a critical role in the development and progression of various chronic diseases, including cancers, neurological diseases, hepatic fibrosis, diabetic retinopathy, and vascular diseases. Decursin and decursinol angelate (DA) are pyranocoumarin compounds obtained from the roots of Angelica gigas. Several studies have described the anti-inflammatory effects of decursin and DA. Decursin and DA have shown potential anti-inflammatory activity by modulating growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, transcription factors such as signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, cellular enzymes including matrix metalloproteinases cyclooxygenase, and protein kinases such as extracellular receptor kinase, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, and protein kinase C...
November 13, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134131/medicinally-important-aromatic-plants-with-radioprotective-activity
#11
REVIEW
Ravindra M Samarth, Meenakshi Samarth, Yoshihisa Matsumoto
Aromatic plants are often used as natural medicines because of their remedial and inherent pharmacological properties. Looking into natural resources, particularly products of plant origin, has become an exciting area of research in drug discovery and development. Aromatic plants are mainly exploited for essential oil extraction for applications in industries, for example, in cosmetics, flavoring and fragrance, spices, pesticides, repellents and herbal beverages. Although several medicinal plants have been studied to treat various conventional ailments only a handful studies are available on aromatic plants, especially for radioprotection...
November 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133866/gastric-microbiome-of-indian-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-their-interaction-networks
#12
Anubhav Das, Verima Pereira, Shruti Saxena, Tarini Shankar Ghosh, D Anbumani, Satyabrata Bag, Bhabatosh Das, G Balakrish Nair, Philip Abraham, Sharmila S Mande
The gastric microbiome is suspected to have a role in the causation of diseases by Helicobacter pylori. Reports on their relative abundance vis-à-vis H. pylori are available from various ethnic and geographic groups, but little is known about their interaction patterns. Endoscopic mucosal biopsy samples from the gastric antrum and corpus of 39 patients with suspected H. pylori infection were collected and microbiomes were analyzed by 16S rDNA profiling. Four groups of samples were identified, which harbored Helicobacter as well as a diverse group of bacteria including Lactobacillus, Halomonas and Prevotella...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125572/silybin-a-major-bioactive-component-of-milk-thistle-silybum-marianum-l-gaernt-chemistry-bioavailability-and-metabolism
#13
REVIEW
Michal Bijak
Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a medicinal plant that has been used for thousands of years as a remedy for a variety of ailments. The main component of S. marianum fruit extract (silymarin) is a flavonolignan called silybin, which is not only the major silymarin element but is also the most active ingredient of this extract, which has been confirmed in various studies. This compound belongs to the flavonoid group known as flavonolignans. Silybin's structure consists in two main units. The first is based on a taxifolin, the second a phenyllpropanoid unit, which in this case is conyferil alcohol...
November 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122673/involvement-of-dual-mechanisms-of-anti-muscarinic-and-ca-antagonistic-activities-to-validate-the-folkloric-uses-of-cyperus-niveus-retz-in-multiple-gastrointestinal-ailments
#14
Ambreen Aleem, Khalid Hussain Janbaz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cyperus species are famous for their traditional uses and very commonly used for their anti-spasmodic and anti-diarrheal activities. Cyperus niveus Retz. is used in local traditional system of medicine in Pakistan to treat various gastrointestinal ailments. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to validate the traditional uses and to provide the possible mechanisms for the medicinal use of Cyperus niveus Retz. in gastrointestinal ailments...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114197/low-levels-of-vitamin-d-an-emerging-risk-for-cardiovascular-diseases-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Farrukh Majeed
Sunlight is regarded among greatest gifts that are presented in abundance to the human beings from the God. Sunlight is also a rich source of Vitamin D (Vit D) that prevents us from numerous ailments such as autoimmune disorders, various types of cancer, and the above all cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Evident from recent research that Vit D deficiency may be the cause for hypertension, cardiac autonomic imbalance, vascular endothelial dysfunction, metabolic syndrome, and even diabetes. Concurrently, many studies present research outcomes that are contradictory to earlier results and also raised a concern not for general public but also among their treating physicians...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111322/phytochemical-analysis-and-antibacterial-activity-of-gentiana-macrophylla-extract-against-bacteria-isolated-from-burn-wound-infections
#16
Chaohong Yin, Longwei Xie, Yun Guo
The management of burn wound victims is often considered a difficult task due to frequent infections. Moreover, the treatment with conventional antibiotics is associated with the upsurge of drug resistant bacterial strains. Therefore there is pressing need to explore antimicrobials that could overcome these problems. Plant extracts have been used as antimicrobials in different systems of medicine. Gentiana species have been widely used in Chinese system of traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments including microbial infections...
October 27, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109370/olive-olea-europaea-l-biophenols-a-nutriceutical-against-oxidative-stress-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#17
Syed Haris Omar, Philip G Kerr, Christopher J Scott, Adam S Hamlin, Hassan K Obied
Plant biophenols have been shown to be effective in the modulation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology resulting from free radical-induced oxidative stress and imbalance of the redox chemistry of transition metal ions (e.g., iron and copper). On the basis of earlier reported pharmacological activities, olive biophenols would also be expected to have anti-Alzheimer's activity. In the present study, the antioxidant activity of individual olive biophenols (viz. caffeic acid, hydroxytyrosol, oleuropein, verbascoside, quercetin, rutin and luteolin) were evaluated using superoxide radical scavenging activity (SOR), hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) scavenging activity, and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assays...
October 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105641/enhancement-of-memory-function-by-antioxidant-potential-of-nigella-sativa-l-oil-in-restrained-rats
#18
Sana Sadaf, Shaista Emad, Naveed Ali Siddiqui, Seemeen Ghafoor, Sarwat Yousuf, Bushra Jabeen, Saida Haider, Tahira Perveen
Stress is a vulnerable state to cellular homeostasis which leads to oxidative damage via free radical generation. The acute stress induces alteration in antioxidant enzyme activities to an extent which produce oxidative stress and causes certain pathological conditions. The use of Nigella sativa L. oil (NSO) in folk medicine has increased throughout the world for the prevention or treatment of various ailments because of potent antioxidant properties. In the present study, potential therapeutic effects of NSO on memory in both unrestrained and 2h restrained rats were observed...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105630/a-hepatonephro-protective-phenolic-rich-extract-from-red-onion-allium-cepa-l-peels
#19
Atallah F Ahmed, Hanan M Al-Yousef, Jawaher H Al-Qahtani, Mansour S Al-Said
Onion peel is a common bio-waste, occasionally used in traditional medicine in treatment of liver ailment and inflammation. However, a phytochemical and biological study is further required to provide the scientific evidence for this use. A phenolic-rich extract of red onion peels (coded as ACPE) was primarily prepared and then subjected to chromatographic separation. From the extract, six phenolic antioxidant compounds along with two phytosterols were isolated and identified by means of spectroscopic (NMR and MS) analyses...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102914/bergenia-ciliata-a-comprehensive-review-of-its-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-safety
#20
REVIEW
Mushtaq Ahmad, Maryam Akram Butt, Guolin Zhang, Shazia Sultana, Akash Tariq, Muhammad Zafar
Bergenia ciliata is a medicinal plant used for the treatment of kidney stones. The presented review is the first attempt to gather utmost information about the distribution, ethno-medicines, phytochemical analysis, pharmacology and toxicology of B. ciliata. This review was designed with the aim to compile fragmented information about B. ciliata in addition to explore its therapeutic potential and future research opportunities. A total of 185 research papers were reviewed using several data sources such as; Web of Science, Scopus, Google scholar, Science direct and PubMed...
November 2, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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