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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724301/sacred-space-and-the-healing-journey
#1
Paul L Alt
Sacred space and spirituality have long been used to heal the mind, body, and spirit. This article illuminates the origins of sacred space and its role as a healing environment from the first human construct, the burial mound, to the 5th Century BCE Greek healing city of Epidaurus. It then examines the role of spirituality as one of the necessary human institutions for a healthy society, according to the Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico. The conclusion then surveys three contemporary healing environments' architecture, the Department of Veteran Affairs Healing Environment Design Guideline (VAHEDG), and how these sacred spaces mend individual and community ailments...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723615/nanoformulations-of-curcumin-an-emerging-paradigm-for-improved-remedial-application
#2
REVIEW
Meeta Gera, Neelesh Sharma, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Do Luong Huynh, Sung Jin Lee, Taesun Min, Taeho Kwon, Dong Kee Jeong
Curcumin is a natural polyphenol and essential curcuminoid derived from the rhizome of the medicinal plant Curcuma longa (L.) is universally acknowledged as "Wonder drug of life". It is a vital consumable and restorative herb, commonly keened for several ailments such as cancer, arthritis, pain, bruises, gastrointestinal quandaries, swelling and much more. Despite its enormous curative potential, the poor aqueous solubility and consequently, minimal systemic bioavailability with rapid degradation are some of the major factors which restrict the utilization of curcumin at medical perspective...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721679/phytochemicals-as-potential-antidotes-for-targeting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
REVIEW
R Kowshik Aravilli, S Laveen Vikram, V Kohila
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune destructive arthropathy prevalent among people in the age group of 40-70 years. RA induces severe pain, swelling and stiffness of joints resulting in bone damage. RA leads to reduced life expectancy when left untreated. RA is characterized by synovial hyperplasia, infiltration of inflammatory cells resulting in formation of pannus. Synovial hyperplasia is mediated by proinflammatory cytokines, notably IL-1 and TNF-α. NF-κB is a predominant transcription factor in amplifying the inflammatory response...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720899/p32-heterozygosity-protects-against-age-and-diet-induced-obesity-by-increasing-energy-expenditure
#4
Yong Liu, Patrick L Leslie, Aiwen Jin, Koji Itahana, Lee M Graves, Yanping Zhang
Obesity is increasing in prevalence and has become a global public health problem. The main cause of obesity is a perturbation in energy homeostasis, whereby energy intake exceeds energy expenditure. Although mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to the deregulation of energy homeostasis, the precise mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we identify mitochondrial p32 (also known as C1QBP) as an important regulator of lipid homeostasis that regulates both aerobic and anaerobic energy metabolism. We show that while whole-body deletion of the p32 results in an embryonic lethal phenotype, mice heterozygous for p32 are resistant to age- and high-fat diet-induced ailments, including obesity, hyperglycemia, and hepatosteatosis...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716764/influence-of-time-and-direction-information-on-video-head-impulse-gains
#5
Oğuz Yılmaz, Ersoy Öz, Serkan Kurt, Öyküm Esra Aşkın, Elifnur Taşdemir, Berna Özge Mutlu, Ahmet Keleş, Raşit Cevizci
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish which factor leads to a higher vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain: the timing of the movement or the direction of the movement. For this purpose, healthy volunteers were examined under three conditions: (1) when they were informed about the timing of the head movement; (2) when they were informed about the direction of the head movement; and (3) when they knew both the timing and the direction of the head movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included data from 19 participants between the ages of 20 and 23 years with no neurological or vestibular ailments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713078/-the-influence-of-pain-aliments-and-vertebral-mobility-in-patients-after-whole-body-cryotherapy
#6
Zbigniew Śliwiński, Beata Michalak, Jarosław Pasek, Grzegorz Śliwiński, Sebastian Szajkowski, Aleksander Sieroń
INTRODUCTION: The motive efficiency depends from many factors, in this currently also form the state of health. The change in grounds of vertebral column causing the limitations of mobility and pain can significance worsen the functional state, motive efficiency and quality of patient's life. The leadership of active mode of life complying to recommendations the preventive style of life as well as the using with interventions of physical medicine influences on improvement significance the state of health...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706389/current-mycological-profile-of-onychomycosis-in-kashmir-valley-a-hospital-based-study
#7
Nazir Asifa, Kanth Farhath
INTRODUCTION: Onychomycosis is a common nail ailment associated with significant physical and psychological morbidity. It is caused by dermatophytes, nondermatophytic molds, and yeasts. Increased prevalence in the recent years is attributed to enhanced longevity, comorbid conditions such as diabetes, avid sports participation, and emergence of HIV. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to identify the mycological profile and etiological agents associated with this infection...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705748/effect-of-secondary-metabolite-of-actinidia-deliciosa-on-the-biofilm-and-extra-cellular-matrix-components-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#8
Vishvanath Tiwari, Deepika Tiwari, Varsha Patel, Monalisa Tiwari
Acinetobacter baumannii, opportunistic nosocomial pathogen, increases gradually in the clinical setup. The high level of resistance mechanisms acquired by these bacteria makes their eradication difficult and biofilm formation is one of them. Biofilm comprises of closely packed bacterial population crowded together by extra-cellular matrix (ECM). ECM contains bacterial secreted polymers such as exopolysaccharides (EPS), proteins and extracellular-DNA (e-DNA) and rarely amyloidogenic proteins. Biofilm offers protection of underlying bacterial population against chemotherapeutic agents and host immune system...
July 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701045/investigating-chemical-composition-and-indications-of-hydrosol-soft-drinks-aromatic-waters-used-in-persian-folk-medicine-for-women-s-hormonal-and-reproductive-health-conditions
#9
Azadeh Hamedi, Mehdi Afifi, Hamed Etemadfard
Hydrosol soft drinks in Persian nutrition culture are produced as side products of the essential oil industry to be used as safe remedies for treatment of some ailments. This study investigated hydrosols for women's hormonal health conditions. Detailed information was gathered by questionnaires. Chemical constituents of these mono- or poly-herbal hydrosols were identified after liquid/liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Hierarchical cluster and K-means analysis (SPSS software) were used to find their relevance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700944/viral-activation-of-heparanase-drives-pathogenesis-of-herpes-simplex-virus-1
#10
Alex M Agelidis, Satvik R Hadigal, Dinesh Jaishankar, Deepak Shukla
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) causes lifelong recurrent pathologies without a cure. How infection by HSV-1 triggers disease processes, especially in the immune-privileged avascular human cornea, remains a major unresolved puzzle. It has been speculated that a cornea-resident molecule must tip the balance in favor of pro-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic conditions observed with herpetic, as well as non-herpetic, ailments of the cornea. Here, we demonstrate that heparanase (HPSE), a host enzyme, is the molecular trigger for multiple pathologies associated with HSV-1 infection...
July 11, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699766/assessing-acute-psychological-distress-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-stroke
#11
Vanessa Juth, Michelle K Chan, Steven C Cramer, E Alison Holman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High acute stress may presage the development of subsequent cardiovascular ailments. Understanding how best to assess acute stress may inform early interventions seeking to prevent long-term morbidity/mortality following stroke. A mixed methods approach examined early post-stroke acute stress symptoms using the post-traumatic stress disorder checklist-5 (PCL-5) and the acute stress disorder scale (ASDS). METHODS: A focus group of stroke survivors and/or their caregivers ( N=8) evaluated PCL-5/ASDS feasibility, and 20 patients hospitalized for acute stroke were interviewed 2-10 days post-stroke onset, using either the PCL-5 or the ASDS...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695830/prevalence-and-density-of-demodex-folliculorum-and-demodex-brevis-acari-demodicidae-in-erzincan-province
#12
Engin Tilki, Erhan Zeytun, Salih Doğan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and density of Demodex folliculorum and D. brevis in Erzincan Province and the association between Demodex spp. and skin moisture, pH, and temperature. METHODS: The study included total 300 healthy participants without dermatological ailments and residing in Erzincan Province. Moisture, pH, and temperature of the cheek were measured, and the presence of mite was determined in samples from the cheek, nasolabial, and chin region using the standard superficial skin biopsy technique...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690172/managing-colonic-inflammation-associated-gut-derangements-by-systematically-optimised-and-targeted-ginger-extract-lactobacillus-acidophilus-loaded-pharmacobiotic-alginate-beads
#13
Parneet Kaur Deol, Pragyanshu Khare, Dhirendra Pratap Singh, Girish Soman, Mahendra Bishnoi, Kanthi Kiran Kondepudi, Indu Pal Kaur
Presently, we explore a cobiotic- ginger extract (GE; antioxidant-antiinflammatory) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (LAB, probiotic), for control of oxidative-stress, inflammation and dysbiosis mediated gut ailments. Since orally administered LAB looses viability while GE is a gastric irritant with poor ADME, we encapsulated them into calcium-alginate beads. Water-loving, viscolysing, and osmotic-building effects of polyethylene glycol were used to address poor probiotic encapsulation (≤10%) by effective sealing of numerous fine voids formed in the alginate gel...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690099/electrospun-polymeric-nanofibers-new-horizons-in-drug-delivery
#14
REVIEW
Shreya Thakkar, Manju Misra
Nanofibers obtained using electrospinning technique are being used since ages especially in fields of textile industry, sensors, filters, protective clothing and tissue engineering. Their use as drug delivery system is an emerging platform in the field of pharmaceuticals and now-a-days formulation scientists are paying great attention to the technology due to several advantages prime being easy modulation of drug release profile depending upon the properties of polymer/polymeric blends/other materials used...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689519/insulin-resistance-and-glucose-levels-in-subjects-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#15
Sikandar Hayat Khan, Nadeem Fazal, Aamir Ijaz, Syed Mohsin Manzoor, Naveed Asif, Tariq Rafi, Muhammad Yasir, Najmusaquib Khan Niazi
OBJECTIVE: To compare insulin resistance and glycemic indicators among subjects with euthyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pathology and Medicine, PNS Hafeez, Islamabad, in collaboration with the Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Rawalpindi, from December 2015 to September 2016...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688542/evaluation-of-apoptotic-activity-of-withania-coagulans-methanolic-extract-against-human-breast-cancer-and-vero-cell-lines
#16
Rumana Ahmad, Afreen Fatima, A N Srivastava, Mohsin Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: The genus Withania (Family: Solanaceae) holds an important position in Ayurveda, the Indian traditional system of medicine. Withania somnifera Dunal and Withania coagulans Dunal have been documented in folklore as panaceas for various ailments since time immemorial. W. coagulans (WC), commonly called as Indian cheese maker is used for fermenting milk for cheese production in various parts of India. OBJECTIVES: In the study, in vitro cytotoxicity of methanolic extract of dried fruits (berries) of WC was evaluated in a dose dependent manner using trypan blue dye exclusion method against human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 and normal kidney epithelial cell line Vero in the range 20-200 μg/ml...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686966/pectolinarigenin-from-the-leaves-of-clerodendrum-volubile-shows-potent-immunomodulatory-activity-by-inhibiting-t-cell-proliferation-and-modulating-respiratory-oxidative-burst-in-phagocytes
#17
Ochuko L Erukainure, M Ahmed Mesaik, Olubunmi Atolani, Aliyu Muhammad, Chika I Chukwuma, Md Shahidul Islam
There have been increasing interest in the use of plant-derived substance as immunomodulators for the treatment and management of inflammatory ailments. Clerodendrum volubile, a leafy vegetable is known for its folkloric applications in the treatments of several inflammatory related ailments, but with little scientific evidence. This study reports the isolation, structure elucidation and in vitro immunomodulatory potentials of pectolinarigenin from C. volubile leaves. The immunomodulatory potentials of the crude methanolic extract and fractions [n-hexane (Hex), dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and n - butanol (BuOH)] were investigated on whole blood, neutrophil and macrophage phagocytic respiratory burst using luminol-amplified chemiluminescence technique...
July 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686467/diagnosis-prediction-from-electronic-health-records-using-the-binary-diagnosis-history-vector-representation
#18
Ieva Vasiljeva, Ognjen Arandjelović
Large amounts of rich, heterogeneous information nowadays routinely collected by healthcare providers across the world possess remarkable potential for the extraction of novel medical data and the assessment of different practices in real-world conditions. Specifically in this work, our goal is to use electronic health records (EHRs) to predict progression patterns of future diagnoses of ailments for a particular patient, given the patient's present diagnostic history. Following the highly promising results of a recently proposed approach that introduced the diagnosis history vector representation of a patient's diagnostic record, we introduce a series of improvements to the model and conduct thorough experiments that demonstrate its scalability, accuracy, and practicability in the clinical context...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685179/management-of-common-ailments-requiring-referral-in-the-pharmacy-a-mystery-shopping-intervention-study
#19
Jack Charles Collins, Carl Richard Schneider, Renee Faraj, Frances Wilson, Abilio Cesar de Almeida Neto, Rebekah Jane Moles
Background Pharmacists can play a key role in managing ailments through their primary roles of supplying over-the-counter (non-prescription) medicines and advice-giving. It must be ensured that pharmacy staff practise in an evidence-based, guideline-compliant manner. To achieve this, mystery shopping can be used as an intervention to assess and train pharmacy staff. Objective To determine if repeated student pharmacist mystery shopping with immediate feedback affected the outcome of scenarios requiring referral to a medical practitioner...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684965/documentation-of-herbal-medicines-used-for-the-treatment-and-management-of-human-diseases-by-some-communities-in-southern-ghana
#20
Augustine A Boadu, Alex Asase
Traditional medicine is an important component of the health care system of most developing countries. However, indigenous knowledge about herbal medicines of many Ghanaian cultures has not yet been investigated. The aim of the present study was to document herbal medicines used by traditional healers to treat and manage human diseases and ailments by some communities living in Ghana. The study was conducted in eight communities in southern Ghana. Data were collected from 45 healers using ethnobotanical questionnaire and voucher specimens were collected...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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