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Critical care, public health research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910248/parents-online-discussions-about-children-s-dental-caries-a-critical-content-analysis
#1
Avery Milne, Cynthia A Weijs, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Lindsay McLaren
OBJECTIVES: Through an analysis of postings to an online parenting forum, we aimed to explore the many ways in which parents orient to (i.e., take up, challenge, re-articulate) information about child dental health in the context of their online interactions. Our analysis is anchored in Nettleton's theoretical work on dental authority and power, which we apply in a digital context. METHODS: We examined discussion threads from the public online forums on BabyCenter Canada...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906047/a-systematic-review-to-explore-influences-on-parental-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Helen Bosley, Catherine Henshall, Jane V Appleton, Debra Jackson
AIM: To understand the factors influencing parental attitudes towards antibiotic prescribing. BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics and inappropriate prescribing has resulted in rapid development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and is significant global threat to patient safety. In Primary Care settings, substantial numbers of antibiotics are prescribed for young children, despite viral nature of illness for which antibiotics are ineffective. Parents, play a vital role in decision making regarding accessing healthcare services and requesting treatment for their children...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905227/genomics-for-all-in-the-21st-century
#3
Martina C Cornel, Vence L Bonham
As the field of genomics enters the second decade after the completion of the International Human Genome Project, human genomics research is still far from reflective of the ancestral diversity found in global populations. This special issue of the Journal of Community Genetics brings together a global perspective on the need for researchers and health care professionals to support achievable milestones that will enhance global ancestral diversity in genomic research for the 21st century, and integrate the resulting knowledge into health care that benefits everyone...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893264/maximizing-research-study-effectiveness-in-malaria-elimination-settings-a-mixed-methods-study-to-capture-the-experiences-of-field-based-staff
#4
Sara E Canavati, Cesia E Quintero, Britt Haller, Dysoley Lek, Sovann Yok, Jack S Richards, Maxine Anne Whittaker
BACKGROUND: In a drug-resistant, malaria elimination setting like Western Cambodia, field research is essential for the development of novel anti-malarial regimens and the public health solutions necessary to monitor the spread of resistance and eliminate infection. Such field studies often face a variety of similar implementation challenges, but these are rarely captured in a systematic way or used to optimize future study designs that might overcome similar challenges. Field-based research staff often have extensive experience and can provide valuable insight regarding these issues, but their perspectives and experiences are rarely documented and seldom integrated into future research protocols...
September 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#5
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874610/the-2017-global-initiative-for-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-report-and-practice-implications-for-the-respiratory-therapist
#6
Michael W Hess
Since 1998, the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) has worked with health care professionals, medical researchers, and public health officials around the world to optimize the prevention, treatment, and management of COPD. GOLD has continually worked to ensure COPD management strategy recommendations are aligned with current published research. The 2017 GOLD report represents a major revision to GOLD strategy guidelines, the first such major revision in the last 5 years. As such, the 2017 report has significant implications for the diagnosis of COPD, the management of stable disease, and the treatment of exacerbations...
September 5, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870189/can-digital-stories-go-where-palliative-care-research-has-never-gone-before-a-descriptive-qualitative-study-exploring-the-application-of-an-emerging-public-health-research-method-in-an-indigenous-palliative-care-context
#7
Lisa Williams, Merryn Gott, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Stella Black, Shuchi Kothari, Sarina Pearson, Tessa Morgan, Matua Rawiri Wharemate, Whaea Whio Hansen
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has called for global approaches to palliative care development. Yet it is questionable whether one-size-fits-all solutions can accommodate international disparities in palliative care need. More flexible research methods are called for in order to understand diverse priorities at local levels. This is especially imperative for Indigenous populations and other groups underrepresented in the palliative care evidence-base. Digital storytelling (DST) offers the potential to be one such method...
September 4, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870096/major-health-service-transformation-and-the-public-voice-conflict-challenge-or-complicity
#8
Graham P Martin, Pam Carter, Mike Dent
Objectives Calls for major reconfigurations of health services have been accompanied by recommendations that wide ranging stakeholders be involved. In particular, patients and the wider public are seen as critical contributors as both funders and beneficiaries of public health care. But public involvement is fraught with challenges, and little research has focused on involvement in the health service transformation initiatives. This paper examines the design and function of public involvement in reconfiguration of health services within the English NHS...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868929/voices-and-views-of-congolese-refugee-women-a-qualitative-exploration-to-inform-health-promotion-and-reduce-inequities
#9
Shannon McMorrow, Jyotika Saksena
Refugees have recently been thrust into the spotlight worldwide. The strikingly negative rhetoric currently surrounding refugees calls for increased action from public health educators. In 2016, the largest proportion of refugees to the United States came from the Democratic Republic of Congo. This presents the opportunity to explore health needs as Congolese refugees resettle in the United States, with women taking priority due to health disparities linked to gender-based discrimination, trauma, sexual and gender-based violence, lower literacy rates, and less access to learning English...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856134/interprofessional-oral-health-education-improves-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-for-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#10
REVIEW
Devon Cooper, JungSoo Kim, Karen Duderstadt, Ray Stewart, Brent Lin, Abbey Alkon
Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic childhood disease in the United States. Dental caries affects the health of 60-90% of school-aged children worldwide. The prevalence of untreated early childhood dental caries is 19% for children 2-5 years of age in the U.S. Some factors that contribute to the progression of dental caries include socioeconomic status, access to dental care, and lack of anticipatory guidance. The prevalence of dental caries remains highest for children from specific ethnic or racial groups, especially those living in underserved areas where there may be limited access to a dentist...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833511/detection-and-care-practices-for-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-public-sector-obstetric-units-in-mexico-qualitative-results-from-a-resource-constrained-setting
#11
Jean Marie S Place, Betania Allen-Leigh, Deborah L Billings, Kiya M Dues, Filipa de Castro
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is amenable to detection and treatment, but effectively addressing it is contingent on policies, practices, and health care providers working together to address the issue. The aim of this study is to describe a sample of health care providers' existing practices in public-sector obstetric units in Mexico related to detecting and offering care to women with depressive symptomology. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 40 health care providers (16 physicians, 13 nurses, three social workers, and eight psychologists) from one tertiary-level and two secondary-level, public-sector obstetric units, were conducted by members of a trained research team from May to July 2012...
August 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827238/making-a-balanced-plate-for-pregnant-women-to-improve-birthweight-of-infants-a-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#12
Morseda Chowdhury, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Ashraful Alam, Michael J Dibley
OBJECTIVES: Low birthweight significantly contributes to neonatal mortality, morbidities and psychosocial debilities throughout the course of life. A large proportion of infants (36-55%) in Bangladesh is born with low birthweight. Nutritional status of women during pregnancy is critical for optimal growth and development of the fetus. Nutrition education has been found to improve maternal nutritional status. Our study aims to determine whether nutrition education with a practical demonstration during pregnancy is an effective intervention for improving the birthweight of infants compared with standard nutrition education only...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822238/the-environmental-injustice-of-beauty-framing-chemical%C3%A2-exposures-from-beauty-products-as-a-health%C3%A2-disparities-concern
#13
Ami R Zota, Bhavna Shamasunder
The obstetrics-gynecology community has issued a call to action to prevent toxic environmental chemical exposures and their threats to healthy human reproduction. Recent committee opinions recognize that vulnerable and underserved women may be impacted disproportionately by environmental chemical exposures and recommend that reproductive health professionals champion policies that secure environmental justice. Beauty product use is an understudied source of environmental chemical exposures. Beauty products can include reproductive and developmental toxicants such as phthalates and heavy metals; however, disclosure requirements are limited and inconsistent...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821637/ensuring-due-process-in-the-iacuc-and-animal-welfare-setting-considerations-in-developing-noncompliance-policies-and-procedures-for-institutional-animal-care-and-use-committees-and-institutional-officials
#14
REVIEW
Barbara C Hansen, Sylvia Gografe, Stacy Pritt, Kai-Lin Catherine Jen, Camille A McWhirter, Susan M Barman, Anthony Comuzzie, Molly Greene, Justin A McNulty, Daniel Eugene Michele, Naz Moaddab, Randall J Nelson, Karen Norris, Karen D Uray, Ron Banks, Karin N Westlund, Bill J Yates, Jerald Silverman, Kenneth D Hansen, Barbara Redman
Every institution that is involved in research with animals is expected to have in place policies and procedures for the management of allegations of noncompliance with the Animal Welfare Act and the U.S. Public Health Service Policy on the Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. We present here a model set of recommendations for institutional animal care and use committees and institutional officials to ensure appropriate consideration of allegations of noncompliance with federal Animal Welfare Act regulations that carry a significant risk or specific threat to animal welfare...
August 15, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807019/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-antenatal-syphilis-screening-and-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-congenital-syphilis-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-and-zambia-results-of-qualitative-formative-research
#15
Dalau Nkamba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Arlette Mavila Kilonga, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Amanda Mabel Berrueta, Agustina Mazzoni, Fernando Althabe, Ezequiel Garcia-Elorrio, Antoniette K Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Pierre M Buekens, Maria Belizan
BACKGROUND: The impact of untreated syphilis during pregnancy on neonatal health remains a major public health threat worldwide. Given the high prevalence of syphilis during pregnancy in Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Preventive Congenital Syphilis Trial (PCS Trial), a cluster randomized trial, was proposed to increase same-day screening and treatment of syphilis during antenatal care visits. To design an accepted and feasible intervention, we conducted a qualitative  formative research...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770599/effect-of-frequency-of-clinic-visits-and-medication-pick-up-on-antiretroviral-treatment-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Tsitsi Mutasa-Apollo, Nathan Ford, Matthew Wiens, Maria Eugenia Socias, Eyerusalem Negussie, Ping Wu, Evan Popoff, Jay Park, Edward J Mills, Steve Kanters
INTRODUCTION: Expanding and sustaining antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage may require simplified HIV service delivery strategies that concomitantly reduce the burden of care on the health system and patients while ensuring optimal outcomes. We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of reduced frequency of clinic visits and drug dispensing on patient outcomes. METHODS: As part of the development process of the World Health Organization antiretroviral (ARV) guidelines, we systematically searched medical literature databases for publications up to 30 August 2016...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768534/the-use-of-traditional-medicine-in-maternity-care-among-african-women-in-africa-and-the-diaspora-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Zewdneh Shewamene, Tinashe Dune, Caroline A Smith
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature describing traditional health practices and beliefs of African women. The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the use of traditional medicine (TM) to address maternal and reproductive health complaints and wellbeing by African women in Africa and the diaspora. METHOD: A literature search of published articles, grey literature and unpublished studies was conducted using eight medical and social science databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, Infomit, Ovid Medline, ProQuest, PsychINFO, PubMed and SCOPUS) from the inception of each database until 31 December 2016...
August 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766742/research-gaps-in-routine-health-information-system-design-barriers-to-data-quality-and-use-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Manish Kumar, David Gotz, Tara Nutley, Jason B Smith
Despite the potential impact of health information system (HIS) design barriers on health data quality and use and, ultimately, health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), no comprehensive literature review has been conducted to study them in this context. We therefore conducted a formal literature review to understand system design barriers to data quality and use in LMICs and to identify any major research gaps related understanding how system design affects data use. We conducted an electronic search across 4 scientific databases-PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Global Health-and consulted a data use expert...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764218/sepsis-mortality-in-critical-care-and-prior-statin-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-central-argentina
#19
Liberth Incahuanaco Paricahua, Alexis Fabian Oleynick Goncalves, Sandaly Oliveira da Silva Pacheco, Fabio Juliano Pacheco
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a major public health problem, frequent, costly, and often fatal. Despite of improvements in supportive treatments the incidence of sepsis and the number of deaths related to sepsis is increasing. Statins have been recently proposed as adjuvants in the treatment of sepsis, but its effects on mortality show conflicting results worldwide. AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical outcome of patients diagnosed with sepsis in a university-affiliated hospital in central Argentina and to evaluate it in relation to a group of septic patients with previous use of statins before the onset of sepsis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763385/a-spatial-analysis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-rates-in-new-york-state-in-relation-to-hospitals-along-state-jurisdictional-borders
#20
Abigail J Stamm, Sanghamitra S Savadatti, Sanjaya Kumar, Syni-An Hwang
INTRODUCTION: Patients experiencing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are likely to visit the nearest hospital providing appropriate services since timely care is a critical determinant in the treatment and progression of AMI. We comparatively examined AMI rates in border and nonborder census tracts. The New York State (NYS) Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) program, in conjunction with the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System, will work on developing memoranda of understanding with neighboring states to be able to more comprehensively access NYS residents' out-of-state health records...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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