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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162496/clinical-information-extraction-applications-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Yanshan Wang, Liwei Wang, Majid Rastegar-Mojarad, Sungrim Moon, Feichen Shen, Naveed Afzal, Sijia Liu, Yuqun Zeng, Saeed Mehrabi, Sunghwan Sohn, Hongfang Liu
BACKGROUND: With the rapid adoption of electronic health records (EHRs), it is desirable to harvest information and knowledge from EHRs to support automated systems at the point of care and to enable secondary use of EHRs for clinical and translational research. One critical component used to facilitate the secondary use of EHR data is the information extraction (IE) task, which automatically extracts and encodes clinical information from text. OBJECTIVES: In this literature review, we present a review of recent published research on clinical information extraction (IE) applications...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#2
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157285/map-of-biomedical-research-in-cameroon-a-documentary-review-of-approved-protocols-from-1997-to-2012
#3
Ebile Akoh Walter, Ateudjieu Jerome, Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Watcho Pierre
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in biomedical research in Cameroon. However, the question of whether these research projects target major health priorities, vulnerable populations and geographic locations at risk remains to be answered. The aim of this paper is to describe the state of biomedical research in Cameroon which is a key determinant that would guide future health care policies and promote equitable access to healthcare. METHODS: A documentary review of all approved protocols (proposals) of biomedical research projects, from 1997 through 2012, at the Cameroon National Ethics Committee...
November 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152459/marking-15-years-of-the-genetic-and-rare-diseases-information-center
#4
Janine Lewis, Michelle Snyder, Henrietta Hyatt-Knorr
BACKGROUND: The Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), a program of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, was established in 2002 to assist the public in finding reliable, timely, and easy-to-understand information about genetic and/or rare diseases in English or Spanish. OBJECTIVE: A review of longitudinal data on GARD inquiries from 2002 to 2016 and assessment of the results of two user satisfaction surveys were conducted to understand the demographics and needs of GARD customers over time...
May 25, 2017: Translational Science of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130405/what-is-the-role-of-community-at-the-end-of-life-for-people-dying-in-advanced-age-a-qualitative-study-with-bereaved-family-carers
#5
Merryn Gott, Janine Wiles, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Stella Black, Lisa Williams, Ngaire Kerse, Gabriella Trussardi
BACKGROUND: New public health approaches to palliative care prioritise the role of community at end of life. However, little is known about community support for the increasing numbers of people dying in advanced age. AIM: To explore the role of community at end of life for people dying in advanced age from the perspective of their bereaved family caregivers. DESIGN: A constructionist framework underpinned a qualitative research design. Data were analysed using critical thematic analysis...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119872/adapting-operational-research-training-to-the-rwandan-context-the-intermediate-operational-research-training-programme
#6
Jackline Odhiambo, Cheryl L Amoroso, Peter Barebwanuwe, Christine Warugaba, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Promoting national health research agendas in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) requires adequate numbers of individuals with skills to initiate and conduct research. Recently, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have joined research capacity building efforts to increase research leadership by LMIC nationals. Partners In Health, an international NGO operating in Rwanda, implemented its first Intermediate Operational Research Training (IORT) course to cultivate Rwandan research talent and generate evidence to improve health care delivery...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105227/openness-inclusion-and-transparency-in-the-practice-of-public-involvement-in-research-a-reflective-exercise-to-develop-best-practice-recommendations
#7
Laura J E Brown, Tommy Dickinson, Stuart Smith, Christine Brown Wilson, Maria Horne, Kate Torkington, Paul Simpson
CONTEXT: Reflective accounts of public involvement in research (PI) are important for helping researchers plan and deliver more effective PI activities. In particular, there is a need to address power differentials between team members that can prohibit effective and meaningful involvement. OBJECTIVE: To critically reflect on the PI practices that underpinned our research project on intimacy and sexuality in care homes, to develop a series of recommendations for improving future PI activities...
November 3, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073914/measuring-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-a-review-of-terminology-and-methodological-approaches
#8
REVIEW
Virginia Savage, Arachu Castro
BACKGROUND: Although mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth has received increasing recognition as a critical issue throughout the world, there remains a lack of consensus on operational definitions of mistreatment and best practices to assess the issue. Moreover, only minimal research has focused on mistreatment in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region notable for social inequalities and inequitable access to maternal health care. METHODS: In this article, we discuss the results of a literature review that sought to contribute to the determination of best practices in defining and measuring the mistreatment of women during childbirth, particularly within Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068719/a-critical-review-of-health-social-and-prevention-outcomes-associated-with-employment-for-people-living-with-hiv
#9
Liza M Conyers, Lindsey A Richardson, Paul A Datti, Lynn C Koch, Mark Misrok
A growing need has emerged among HIV service providers, policymakers, and researchers to understand ways in which employment, as a key social determinant of health, can be leveraged toward improved health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the prevention of HIV transmission. This critical review summarizes and assesses current research related to (a) the employment needs and challenges among populations disproportionately impacted by HIV, (b) the relationship between employment and important health outcomes associated with the HIV Care Continuum, and (c) implications for policy, service provision, and future research...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065984/systematic-literature-review-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-has-it-yet-become-state-of-the-art
#10
REVIEW
Lotte van der Weijst, Veerle Surmont, Wim Schrauwen, Yolande Lievens
Lung cancer and its treatment have an important impact on the patients' health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL). A systematic literature review of prospective clinical studies published since 2005 and measuring HRQoL in patients with locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA- NSCLC) was performed. Besides reviewing the HRQoL impact of LA-NSCLC treatment, it critically examined the frequency, methodology and quality of HRQoL data collection and analysis in LA-NSCLC clinical studies. Out of 814 potentially eligible publications, only 27 (representing 19 individual studies) met the inclusion criteria...
November 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061618/critical-care-cycling-study-cyclist-trial-protocol-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-usual-care-plus-additional-in-bed-cycling-sessions-versus-usual-care-in-the-critically-ill
#11
Marc R Nickels, Leanne M Aitken, James Walsham, Adrian G Barnett, Steven M McPhail
INTRODUCTION: In-bed cycling with patients with critical illness has been shown to be safe and feasible, and improves physical function outcomes at hospital discharge. The effects of early in-bed cycling on reducing the rate of skeletal muscle atrophy, and associations with physical and cognitive function are unknown. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A single-centre randomised controlled trial in a mixed medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) will be conducted. Adult patients (n=68) who are expected to be mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours and remain in ICU for a further 48 hours from recruitment will be randomly allocated into either (1) a usual care group or (2) a group that receives usual care and additional in-bed cycling sessions...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061613/reaching-consensus-on-reporting-patient-and-public-involvement-ppi-in-research-methods-and-lessons-learned-from-the-development-of-reporting-guidelines
#12
Jo Brett, Sophie Staniszewska, Iveta Simera, Kate Seers, Carole Mockford, Susan Goodlad, Doug Altman, David Moher, Rosemary Barber, Simon Denegri, Andrew Robert Entwistle, Peter Littlejohns, Christopher Morris, Rashida Suleman, Victoria Thomas, Colin Tysall
INTRODUCTION: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is inconsistently reported in health and social care research. Improving the quality of how PPI is reported is critical in developing a higher quality evidence base to gain a better insight into the methods and impact of PPI. This paper describes the methods used to develop and gain consensus on guidelines for reporting PPI in research studies (updated version of the Guidance for Reporting Patient and Public Involvement (GRIPP2)). METHODS: There were three key stages in the development of GRIPP2: identification of key items for the guideline from systematic review evidence of the impact of PPI on health research and health services, a three-phase online Delphi survey with a diverse sample of experts in PPI to gain consensus on included items and a face-to-face consensus meeting to finalise and reach definitive agreement on GRIPP2...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038512/levels-of-exhaled-carbon-monoxide-measured-during-an-intervention-program-predict-1-year-smoking-cessation-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#13
Huei-Guan Shie, Sheng-Wei Pan, Wen-Kuang Yu, Wei-Chih Chen, Li-Ing Ho, Hsin-Kuo Ko
Life-long smoking cessation is a critical public health objective, but it is difficult for numerous people. This study aimed to identify the independent predictors of 1-year abstinence in smokers motivated to quit and participating in an intervention program. This 6-year retrospective observational cohort study was conducted in smokers who participated in an intervention program. The exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) was sequentially measured on day 1, 8, 15, and 22 of the intervention program. The primary outcome measure was smoking status at 1 year of follow-up...
October 16, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036453/heath-sector-network-governance-and-state-building-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#14
Aembe Bwimana
Longstanding patterns of interaction exist between state and non-state actors seeking to improve public health in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC is a weak state, and, in many cases, private actors have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of state health care provision. However, the role of these interactions in creating a governance network in the health sector has been underexplored. Using data from 18 months of qualitative field research, this study aimed to explore governance networks in DRC's health sector, examining how multiple stakeholders work to manage the health system and how the resulting governance network has been relevant for the state-building process...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028375/health-disparities-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-blueprint-for-action-an-official-american-thoracic-society-statement
#15
REVIEW
Arunabh Talwar, Joe G N Garcia, Halley Tsai, Matthew Moreno, Tim Lahm, Roham T Zamanian, Roberto Machado, Steven M Kawut, Mona Selej, Stephen Mathai, Laura Hoyt D'Anna, Sonu Sahni, Erik J Rodriquez, Richard Channick, Karen Fagan, Michael Gray, Jessica Armstrong, Josanna Rodriguez Lopez, Vinicio de Jesus Perez
BACKGROUND: Health disparities have a major impact in the quality of life and clinical care received by minorities in the United States. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare cardiopulmonary disorder that affects children and adults and that, if untreated, results in premature death. The impact of health disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome of patients with PAH has not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: The specific goals of this research statement were to conduct a critical review of the literature concerning health disparities in PAH, identify major research gaps and prioritize direction for future research...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016515/performance-measures-for-contraceptive-care-a-new-tool-to-enhance-access-to-contraception
#16
Michelle H Moniz, Loretta E Gavin, Vanessa K Dalton
Contraception is an essential health service for reducing unintended pregnancy rates, improving health outcomes, and reducing health care costs. However, contraceptive services may not consistently provide access to the full method mix and to patient-centered care. Improving the quality of contraceptive care is a critical strategy to improve contraceptive use, health outcomes, and the patient experience of care. We here describe the three National Quality Forum-endorsed performance measures for contraceptive care, which are intended to monitor 1) provision of most and moderately effective methods, 2) access to long-acting reversible contraception, and 3) provision of most and moderately effective methods and access to long-acting reversible contraception after childbirth...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985545/shaping-innovation-in-health-care-a-content-analysis-of-innovation-policies-in-the-english-nhs-1948-2015
#17
Tomas Farchi, Torsten-Oliver Salge
Governments around the world seek to design policies that enhance the innovative capacity of public service. Hence, identifying the underlying meanings attributed to innovation concepts in public policies is critical, as these very understandings inform not only the policy discourses, but also the overall institutional landscape regulating innovation activities. This paper examines such fundamental definitional aspects in the specific context of the National Health Service in England. For this purpose, it traces the evolution of the innovation concept in policy discourse based on the analysis of 21 key policy documents published or commissioned by the English Department of Health between 1948 and 2015...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972530/health-literacy-in-selected-populations-individuals-families-and-communities-from-the-international-and-cultural-perspective
#18
Diane Levin-Zamir, Angela Yee Man Leung, Sarity Dodson, Gillian Rowlands
International and cultural perspectives of health literacy help deepen the understanding of the global context within which health literacy plays an important role. Throughout this chapter, we explore the significance of health literacy initiatives, interventions, practices, and research for addressing health challenges on a variety of levels in the international and global context. More specifically, in this chapter, the notion of health literacy as a dynamic construct is introduced, after which we examine health literacy throughout the life course, emphasizing the impact of health literacy among children and the elderly in their families and in the community...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965525/the-general-public-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-resource-management-collaboration-and-community-assistance-centers-during-disasters
#19
Rachel L Charney, Terri Rebmann, Amy Endrizal, Preeti Dalawari
BACKGROUND: The key to resilience after disasters is the provision of coordinated care and resource distribution to the affected community. Past research indicates that the general public lacks an understanding regarding agencies' roles and responsibilities during disaster response. Study Objectives This study's purpose was to explore the general public's beliefs regarding agencies or organizations' responsibilities related to resource management during disasters. In addition, the public's attitudes towards the management and use of community disaster assistance centers were explored...
October 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963077/payment-and-care-for-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-patients-toward-a-specialized-medical-home-for-complex-care-patients
#20
James L Gajewski, Mark B McClellan, Navneet S Majhail, Parameswaran N Hari, Christopher N Bredeson, Richard T Maziarz, Charles F LeMaistre, Michael C Lill, Stephanie H Farnia, Krishna V Komanduri, Michael J Boo
Patient-centered medical home models are fundamental to the advanced alternative payment models defined in the Medicare Access and Children's Health Insurance Plan Reauthorization Act (MACRA). The patient-centered medical home is a model of healthcare delivery supported by alternative payment mechanisms and designed to promote coordinated medical care that is simultaneously patient-centric and population-oriented. This transformative care model requires shifting reimbursement to include a per-patient payment intended to cover services not previously reimbursed such as disease management over time...
September 28, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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