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Encopresis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381366/nocturnal-incontinence-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-fasd-in-a-south-african-cohort
#1
Sylvia Roozen, Leana Olivier, Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard, Gjalt-Jorn Y Peters, Gerjo Kok, Denis Viljoen, Leopold Curfs
INTRODUCTION: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are one of the leading preventable causes of intellectual disabilities (ID). Not much is known about the topic of pediatric incontinence related to FASD, for example nocturnal enuresis (NE), daytime urinary incontinence (DUI), and fecal incontinence (FI). So far, incontinence problems have been examined among children with other specific syndromes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the possible presence of incontinence among children with FASD in a South African cohort...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#2
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211576/a-multidisciplinary-treatment-for-encopresis-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#3
Nathan A Call, Joanna Lomas Mevers, Barbara O McElhanon, Mindy C Scheithauer
Achieving continence of one's bowel movements is a key step in development and failure to do so leads to many negative consequences. Treatments for encopresis appearing in the literature have employed behavioral strategies; medications such as suppositories, laxatives, or enemas; and in some studies a combination of these approaches. To date, attempts to extend successful treatments for encopresis in typically developing children to those with developmental disabilities have been limited. The current study included three participants diagnosed with developmental disabilities who had a history of encopresis...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190558/antegrade-continence-enemas-improve-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medically-refractory-encopresis
#4
Joseph T Church, Sidd Simha, Laurie C Wild, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Peter F Ehrlich
PURPOSE: Fecal incontinence is a socially debilitating problem for many children. We hypothesized that in selected patients with medically-refractory encopresis, placement of an appendicostomy or cecostomy tube for administration of antegrade continence enemas (ACE) would improve quality of life (QOL). METHODS: We reviewed all patients with encopresis who underwent appendicostomy or cecostomy placement from 2003 to 2014 at our institution. We contacted subjects' parents by phone and administered 3 surveys: a survey reflecting current stooling habits, a disease-specific QOL survey, and the PedsQL™ QOL survey...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#5
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990158/chronic-functional-constipation-and-encopresis-in-children-in-relationship-with-the-psychosocial-environment
#7
Claudia Olaru, Smaranda Diaconescu, Laura Trandafir, Nicoleta Gimiga, Radian A Olaru, Gabriela Stefanescu, Gabriela Ciubotariu, Marin Burlea, Magdalena Iorga
Functional constipation is an issue for both the patient and his/her family, affecting the patient's psychoemotional balance, social relations, and their harmonious integration in the school environment. We aimed to highlight the connection between chronic constipation and encopresis and the patient's psychosocial and family-related situation. Material and Method. 57 patients with ages spanning from 6 to 15 were assessed within the pediatric gastroenterology ward. Sociodemographic, medical, and psychological data was recorded...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911597/evidence-based-psychosocial-treatments-for-pediatric-elimination-disorders
#8
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898211/response-to-lu-et-al-re-identifying-underlying-emotional-instability-and-utilizing-a-combined-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-constipation-and-encopresis-a-case-report
#9
COMMENT
Jamie L Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893275/re-identifying-underlying-emotional-instability-and-utilizing-a-combined-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-constipation-and-encopresis-a-case-report-by-jamie-l-davis-j-altern-complement-med-2016-22-489-492
#10
COMMENT
Hai Lu, Xuesong Ren, Zhimiao MuRong, Chunhong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738600/correlation-between-colon-transit-time-test-value-and-initial-maintenance-dose-of-laxative-in-children-with-chronic-functional-constipation
#11
Mock Ryeon Kim, Hye Won Park, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Sun Hwan Bae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between colon transit time (CTT) test value and initial maintenance dose of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 or lactulose. METHODS: Of 415 children with chronic functional constipation, 190 were enrolled based on exclusion criteria using the CTT test, defecation diary, and clinical chart. The CTT test was performed with prior disimpaction. The laxative dose for maintenance was determined on the basis of the defecation diary and clinical chart...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564293/enuresis-and-overactive-bladder-in-children-what-is-the-relationship-between-these-two-conditions
#12
Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Maria Luisa Veiga, Ana Aparecida N Braga, Maria Clara Carvalho, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate clinical aspects associated with the presence of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with a diagnosis of overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A data base of 200 children who were evaluated by a structured questionnaire was analysed retrospectively . OAB was defined as the presence of urinary urgency (n=183 cases) and/or daytime urinary incontinence associated with holding maneuvers (n=168 cases). Inclusion criteria were a confirmed diagnosis of OAB, age 5-16 years, and no anatomical or neurological alterations of the urinary tract...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332628/increased-frequency-of-encopresis-in-a-child-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-encopresis-after-atomoxetine-use-a-case-report
#13
Çiğdem Yektaş, Mehmet Akif Cansiz, Ali Evren Tufan
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most frequently reported coexisting psychiatric conditions in children with encopresis. Some case reports state that atomoxetine-a selective presynaptic norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor-approved for treatment of ADHD is also effective in the treatment of coexisting encopresis. Contrasting those reports, here we present a case diagnosed with ADHD and secondary encopresis without constipation whose encopretic symptoms increased after atomoxetine treatment and discuss possible mechanisms...
July 2016: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163279/identifying-underlying-emotional-instability-and-utilizing-a-combined-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-constipation-and-encopresis-a-case-report
#14
Jamie L Davis
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common ailment that in certain cases can lead to encopresis or fecal incontinence. The literature suggests that standard care varies in effectiveness, especially in the long term. Fecal incontinence can lead to frustration, guilt, and shame for both the child and family and has untold long-term psychological and physical consequences. OBJECTIVE: To address alternative treatment options for pediatric constipation and encopresis by using acupuncture and Chinese medicine...
June 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070656/healthcare-utilization-and-spending-for-constipation-in-children-with-versus-without-complex-chronic-conditions
#15
John R Stephens, Michael J Steiner, Neal DeJong, Jonathan Rodean, Matt Hall, Troy Richardson, Jay G Berry
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of diagnosis and treatment for constipation among children receiving Medicaid and to compare healthcare utilization and spending for constipation among children based on number of complex chronic conditions (CCCs). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 4.9 million children ages 1 to 17 years enrolled in Medicaid from 2009 to 2011 in 10 states in the Truven Marketscan Database. Constipation was identified using International Classification of Disease, 9th revision codes for constipation (564...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064388/colon-transit-time-test-in-korean-children-with-chronic-functional-constipation
#16
Ha Yeong Yoo, Mock Ryeon Kim, Hye Won Park, Jae Sung Son, Sun Hwan Bae
PURPOSE: Each ethnic group has a unique life style, including diets. Life style affects bowel movement. The aim of this study is to describe the results of colon transit time (CTT) tests in Korean children who had chronic functional constipation based on highly refined data. METHODS: One hundred ninety (86 males) out of 415 children who performed a CTT test under the diagnosis of chronic constipation according to Rome III criteria at Konkuk University Medical Center from January 2006 through March 2015 were enrolled in this study...
March 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974876/association-between-elimination-disorders-and-abusive-maternal-attitudes
#17
Ahmet Hamdi Alpaslan, Uğur Koçak, Kadriye Avci, Halil Ibrahim Güzel
OBJECTIVE: Enuresis and encopresis, both conditions are very distressful to children and their family members and it is responsible for significant social and psychological consequences in children and adolescents. The present study aims to determine the rate of abusive maternal attitudes towards children and adolescents with elimination disorders (EDs) and to investigate the maternal psychological and socio-cultural factors associated with abusive parenting attitudes. METHOD: N = 180 children with ED were included in the study...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595852/effect-of-octreotide-on-colonic-motility-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-recalcitrant-constipation
#18
Kalyan Ray Parashette, Shamaila Waseem, Debra Horn, Aali Shah, Joseph Croffie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to study the effect of octreotide on colonic motility in pediatric patients with recalcitrant chronic constipation/encopresis and other suspected colonic motility disorders. METHODS: This was a nonrandomized, single-center, open-label, prospective study evaluating the effect of a single subcutaneous dose of octreotide on colonic motility. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (5 boys) were enrolled in the study...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565536/parental-alienation-the-impact-on-men-s-mental-health
#19
Leo Sher
Parental alienation is defined as a mental state in which a child, usually one whose parents are engaged in a high-conflict separation or divorce, allies himself strongly with one parent (the preferred parent) and rejects a relationship with the other parent (the alienated parent) without legitimate justification. Parental alienation may affect men's mental health: a) parental alienation negatively influences mental health of male children and adolescents who are victims of parental alienation. Alienated children/adolescents display guilt, sadness, and depressed mood; low self-esteem and lack of self-confidence; distress and frustration; lack of impulse control, substance abuse and delinquent behavior; separation anxiety, fears and phobias; hypochondria and increased tendency to develop psychosomatic illness; suicidal ideation and suicide attempt; sleep and eating disorders; educational problems; enuresis and encopresis; b) parental alienation negatively affects the mental health of adult men who were victims of parental alienation when they were children and/or adolescents...
November 13, 2015: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26536008/advancing-continence-in-typically-developing-children-adapting-the-procedures-of-foxx-and-azrin-for-primary-care
#20
REVIEW
William J Warzak, Stacy S Forcino, Sela Ann Sanberg, Amy C Gross
OBJECTIVE: To (1) identify and summarize procedures of Foxx and Azrin's classic toilet training protocol that continue to be used in training typically developing children and (2) adapt recent findings with the original Foxx and Azrin procedures to inform practical suggestions for the rapid toilet training of typically developing children in the primary care setting. METHOD: Literature searches of PsychINFO and MEDLINE databases used the search terms "(toilet* OR potty* AND train*)...
January 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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