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Mock Ryeon Kim, Hye Won Park, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Sun Hwan Bae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between colon transit time (CTT) test value and initial maintenance dose of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 or lactulose. METHODS: Of 415 children with chronic functional constipation, 190 were enrolled based on exclusion criteria using the CTT test, defecation diary, and clinical chart. The CTT test was performed with prior disimpaction. The laxative dose for maintenance was determined on the basis of the defecation diary and clinical chart...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Maria Luisa Veiga, Ana Aparecida N Braga, Maria Clara Carvalho, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate clinical aspects associated with the presence of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with a diagnosis of overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A data base of 200 children who were evaluated by a structured questionnaire was analysed retrospectively . OAB was defined as the presence of urinary urgency (n=183 cases) and/or daytime urinary incontinence associated with holding maneuvers (n=168 cases). Inclusion criteria were a confirmed diagnosis of OAB, age 5-16 years, and no anatomical or neurological alterations of the urinary tract...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Çiğdem Yektaş, Mehmet Akif Cansiz, Ali Evren Tufan
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most frequently reported coexisting psychiatric conditions in children with encopresis. Some case reports state that atomoxetine-a selective presynaptic norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor-approved for treatment of ADHD is also effective in the treatment of coexisting encopresis. Contrasting those reports, here we present a case diagnosed with ADHD and secondary encopresis without constipation whose encopretic symptoms increased after atomoxetine treatment and discuss possible mechanisms...
July 2016: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Jamie L Davis
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common ailment that in certain cases can lead to encopresis or fecal incontinence. The literature suggests that standard care varies in effectiveness, especially in the long term. Fecal incontinence can lead to frustration, guilt, and shame for both the child and family and has untold long-term psychological and physical consequences. OBJECTIVE: To address alternative treatment options for pediatric constipation and encopresis by using acupuncture and Chinese medicine...
June 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
John R Stephens, Michael J Steiner, Neal DeJong, Jonathan Rodean, Matt Hall, Troy Richardson, Jay G Berry
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the prevalence of diagnosis and treatment for constipation among children receiving Medicaid. (2) To compare healthcare utilization and spending for constipation among children based on number of complex chronic conditions (CCCs). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 4.9 million children aged 1 to 17 years enrolled in Medicaid from 2009-2011 in 10 states in the Truven Marketscan® Database. Constipation was identified using ICD-9 codes for constipation (564...
April 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Ha Yeong Yoo, Mock Ryeon Kim, Hye Won Park, Jae Sung Son, Sun Hwan Bae
PURPOSE: Each ethnic group has a unique life style, including diets. Life style affects bowel movement. The aim of this study is to describe the results of colon transit time (CTT) tests in Korean children who had chronic functional constipation based on highly refined data. METHODS: One hundred ninety (86 males) out of 415 children who performed a CTT test under the diagnosis of chronic constipation according to Rome III criteria at Konkuk University Medical Center from January 2006 through March 2015 were enrolled in this study...
March 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Ahmet Hamdi Alpaslan, Uğur Koçak, Kadriye Avci, Halil Ibrahim Güzel
OBJECTIVE: Enuresis and encopresis, both conditions are very distressful to children and their family members and it is responsible for significant social and psychological consequences in children and adolescents. The present study aims to determine the rate of abusive maternal attitudes towards children and adolescents with elimination disorders (EDs) and to investigate the maternal psychological and socio-cultural factors associated with abusive parenting attitudes. METHOD: N = 180 children with ED were included in the study...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Kalyan Ray Parashette, Shamaila Waseem, Debra Horn, Aali Shah, Joseph Croffie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to study the effect of octreotide on colonic motility in pediatric patients with recalcitrant chronic constipation/encopresis and other suspected colonic motility disorders. METHODS: This was a nonrandomized, single-center, open-label, prospective study evaluating the effect of a single subcutaneous dose of octreotide on colonic motility. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (5 boys) were enrolled in the study...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Leo Sher
Parental alienation is defined as a mental state in which a child, usually one whose parents are engaged in a high-conflict separation or divorce, allies himself strongly with one parent (the preferred parent) and rejects a relationship with the other parent (the alienated parent) without legitimate justification. Parental alienation may affect men's mental health: a) parental alienation negatively influences mental health of male children and adolescents who are victims of parental alienation. Alienated children/adolescents display guilt, sadness, and depressed mood; low self-esteem and lack of self-confidence; distress and frustration; lack of impulse control, substance abuse and delinquent behavior; separation anxiety, fears and phobias; hypochondria and increased tendency to develop psychosomatic illness; suicidal ideation and suicide attempt; sleep and eating disorders; educational problems; enuresis and encopresis; b) parental alienation negatively affects the mental health of adult men who were victims of parental alienation when they were children and/or adolescents...
November 13, 2015: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
William J Warzak, Stacy S Forcino, Sela Ann Sanberg, Amy C Gross
OBJECTIVE: To (1) identify and summarize procedures of Foxx and Azrin's classic toilet training protocol that continue to be used in training typically developing children and (2) adapt recent findings with the original Foxx and Azrin procedures to inform practical suggestions for the rapid toilet training of typically developing children in the primary care setting. METHOD: Literature searches of PsychINFO and MEDLINE databases used the search terms "(toilet* OR potty* AND train*)...
January 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jennifer M Colombo, Matthew C Wassom, John M Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Pediatrics in Review
F Catal, E Topal, N Soylu, O Ozel Ozcan, M H Celiksoy, A Babayiğit, H T E Karakoç, D Erge, R Sancak
BACKGROUND: To compare with a control group the frequency of psychiatric disorders and severity of psychiatric symptoms in preschool children with atopic eczema. METHODS: The study included children between the ages of 3-5 who were diagnosed to have atopic eczema. The parents of the children with atopic eczema were interviewed in person and were asked to fill in "The Early Childhood Inventory-4" form. This form assesses the psychiatric disorders and symptoms severity in children between the ages of 3-5...
March 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Aditi Dhir, Tanya Tekautz, Violette Recinos, Erin Murphy, Richard A Prayson, Paul Ruggieri, Johannes Wolff
We describe a pediatric patient with an atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) exclusively of the lumbar spine, with a different presentation from the two previously reported pediatric lumbar AT/RT. AT/RT are rare pediatric tumors of the central nervous system, with a dismal prognosis. Although there is sufficient literature on brain AT/RT, spinal AT/RT continues to be a rare entity, with a lumbar location even less frequently reported. A 30-month-old African American boy with multiple comorbidities presented with the inability to ambulate, encopresis and urinary dribbling...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Justine Niemczyk, Monika Equit, Sorina Borggrefe-Moussavian, Leopold Curfs, Alexander von Gontard
OBJECTIVE: Noonan Syndrome (NS) is an autosomal neurodevelopmental disorder with a high phenotypic variability. Mutations in several genes of the RASMAPK signaling pathways are now known to be responsible for NS. Most of the children with NS are of average intelligence, one-third have a mild intellectual disability (ID) (IQ 50-79). So far, no studies have assessed incontinence in persons with NS. The aim of this study therefore was to investigate the prevalence of incontinence and psychological problems in persons with NS...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Serhat Türkoğlu, Ayhan Bilgiç, Necati Uzun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
S Ebru Çengel-Kültür, Devrim Akdemir, İnci N Saltık-Temizel
The study aimed to evaluate the differences between groups of encopresis patients with constipation and without constipation. The Symptom Checklist- 90-Revised, the COPE Questionnaire, the Relationship Scales Questionnaire, the McMaster Family Assessment Device and the Parenting Style Scale were used to evaluate, respectively, maternal psychiatric symptoms, coping abilities, attachment style, family functioning and children's perceptions of parenting behaviors. Psychiatric diagnoses were evaluated using the K-SADS...
September 2014: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Kalyan Ray Parashette, Shamaila Waseem, Debra Horn, Aali Shah, Joseph Croffie
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of octreotide on colonic motility in pediatric patients with recalcitrant chronic constipation/encopresis and other suspected colonic motility disorders. METHODS: This was a non-randomized, single center, open label, prospective study evaluating the effect of a single subcutaneous dose of octreotide on colonic motility RESULTS:: Thirteen patients (5 male) were enrolled in the study. The age range was 4.6-16.2 years. Eleven patients (84%) had normal colonic manometry and two patients (16%) had colonic neuropathy...
May 25, 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Amira Peco-Antić, Gordana Miloševski-Lomić
A normal development of lower urinary tract function control evolves from involuntary bladder empting (incontinence) during infancy to daytime urinary continence, and finally a successful day and night continence that is generally achieved by the 5th to 7th year of age.This gradual process primarily depends on the progressive maturation of the neural control of the lower urinary tract, but it is also influenced by behavioral training that evolves through social support. Functional voiding disorders (bladder dysfunction) are common problems during childhood...
March 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
J Niemczyk, M Equit, L Hoffmann, A von Gontard
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and incontinence (nocturnal enuresis, daytime urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence) are common disorders in childhood. Both disorders are strongly associated with each other. OBJECTIVE: ADHD can affect compliance to incontinence therapy in a negative way; it can also affect outcome. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of incontinence, age of bladder and bowel control, and psychological symptoms in children having treatment for ADHD compared to a control group...
June 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ömer Faruk Akça, Savaş Yılmaz
Several medications are reported to be effective in treatment of encopresis. However, mechanisms of action related to these drugs are not known. We report a patient with ADHD and encopresis whose encopretic signs have disappeared with long acting methylphenidate while they have not changed with atomoxetine.
January 2015: Psychiatry Investigation
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