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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208923/long-term-outcome-in-patients-with-esophageal-stenting-for-cancer-esophagus-our-experience-at-a-rural-hospital-of-punjab-india
#1
Parvinder Singh, Abhitesh Singh, Anantbir Singh, Ghansham Sharma, Parmod Kumar Bhatia, Amarjeet Singh Grover
INTRODUCTION: Cancer of the esophagus is among the leading cause of cancer deaths in Punjab, India. Patients generally present with dysphagia as their first symptom and more often they have advanced disease at the time of presentation to a tertiary care centre. Palliative procedures have important roles in this setting. Stenting is the best option to palliate the symptoms of dysphagia, from which patient is suffering the most. AIM: To know the success rate, early and long term complications and mortality in esophageal stenting, when it was done in malignant esophageal stricture patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198822/pitfalls-of-invasive-blood-pressure-monitoring-using-the-caudal-ventral-artery-in-rats
#2
Hiroki Ohta, Takao Ohki, Yuji Kanaoka, Makoto Koizumi, Hirotaka J Okano
During rodent experiments, the caudal ventral artery (CVA) is useful for blood pressure (BP) measurement. However, CVA measurements may not reflect the true BP. This study was performed to verify the site-specific accuracy of invasive arterial BP monitoring during surgery in rats. Invasive arterial BP was simultaneously measured in rats via the CVA and the common carotid artery (CCA). The BP values were analysed while the rats were subjected to cooling of the head or tail. Additionally, the rats underwent digital subtraction angiography and histological examination of these arteries...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188231/diurnal-and-long-term-variation-in-plasma-concentrations-and-renal-clearances-of-circulating-markers-of-kidney-proximal-tubular-secretion
#3
Matthew B Rivara, Leila R Zelnick, Andrew N Hoofnagle, Rick Newitt, Russell P Tracy, Mario Kratz, David S Weigle, Bryan R Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND: The renal proximal tubule is essential for removing organic solutes and exogenous medications from the circulation. We evaluated diurnal, prandial, and long-term biological variation of 4 candidate endogenous markers of proximal tubular secretion. METHODS: We used LC-MS to measure plasma and urine concentrations of hippurate (HA), cinnamoylglycine (CMG), indoxyl sulfate (IS), and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) in 25 healthy adults. We measured plasma concentrations of secreted solutes at 13 time points over a 24-h period, and again after 2 weeks and 14 weeks of follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177551/the-significance-of-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-right-aortic-arch
#4
Anna Wójtowicz, Maria Respondek-Liberska, Maciej Słodki, Paulina Kordjalik, Joanna Płużańska, Anna Knafel, Hubert Huras
OBJECTIVES: To analyze a population of fetuses with prenatally diagnosed right aortic arch (RAA). METHODS: Retrospective study of fetuses with RAA diagnosed prenatally between 2011 and 2015 in 2 referral centers. RESULTS: RAA was found in 4.4% (46/1036) of fetuses with cardiovascular abnormalities (CVA). As an isolated anomaly, RAA was present in 30.4% of cases; in 32.6%, other CVA were detected; in 23.9%, CVA and extracardiac anomalies; and in 13...
February 8, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169333/an-assessment-of-the-contrast-sensitivity-in-patients-with-ametropic-and-anisometropic-amblyopia-in-achieving-the-corrected-visual-acuity-of-1-0
#5
Guipan Wang, Congling Zhao, Qiang Ding, Ping Wang
Both visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) are important parameters for measuring visual function. In this research, we investigated the CS of patients with ametropic or anisometropic amblyopia, whose corrected visual acuity (CVA) recovered to 1.0. Fifty-five cases with amblyopia and 22 control cases with a normal visual acuity of 1.0 were enrolled. The CS of the patients whose ametropic amblyopia had recovered to a CVA of 1.0 at 18 cpd spatial frequency was still lower than that of the normal control group under both photopic and scotopic conditions (P = 0...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151808/techniques-for-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-intestinal-transplantation
#6
Gabriel E Gondolesi, Nicolás F Aguirre
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One of the most important challenges in the intestinal (ITx) and multivisceral transplant (MVTx) is to achieve a successful abdominal wall closure. RECENT FINDINGS: A tension-free primary closure should be our aim. In most of the cases, we need to perform a component separation technique, alone or combined, to the use of a synthetic mesh. If those options are not feasible, the abdominal wall composite vascularized allograft transplant (AW-CVA) utilizing direct orthotopic vascularization can be considered...
February 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149569/how-should-this-patient-with-repeated-aspiration-pneumonia-be-managed-and-treated-a-proposal-of-the-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-and-tracheostomy-penlight-procedure
#7
REVIEW
Zhongheng Zhang, Jason Akulian, Yucai Hong, Ning Liu, Yuhao Chen
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is commonly seen among the elderly with a substantial proportion of patients suffering from long-term dysphagia and/or an inability to protect their airway. This potentially imposes on them an increased risk of malnutrition and aspiration pneumonia. In this article, we present a patient with malnutrition and dysphagia secondary to CVA. We propose a procedure for which we will name the Percutaneous ENdoscopIc Gastrostomy and Tracheostomy (PENlIGhT) procedure for placement of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and tracheostomy tube (TT) at the same time...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126319/is-there-a-role-for-coronary-artery-calcification-scoring-in-primary-prevention-of-cerebrovascular-disease
#8
REVIEW
Kazuhiro Osawa, Rine Nakanishi, Matthew J Budoff
Cerebrovascular disease (CVA) is one of the most prevalent causes of death and disability in the United States, and its primary prevention is crucial. For the primary prevention of CVA, it is commonly recommended that all adults should initially undergo an office-based traditional risk assessment using established predictive models, such as the Framingham Stroke Profile Score or the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk calculator from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA)...
January 13, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123618/comparison-of-neurological-clinical-manifestation-in-patients-with-hemorrhagic-and-ischemic-stroke
#9
Seyedhossein Ojaghihaghighi, Samad Shams Vahdati, Akram Mikaeilpour, Ali Ramouz
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is the third leading cause of death and disability in developed countries. Anyone suspected of having a stroke should be taken immediately to a medical facility for diagnosis and treatment. The symptoms that follow a stroke aren't significant and depend on the area of the brain that has been affected and the amount of tissue damaged. Parameters for predicting long-term outcome in such patients have not been clearly delineated, therefore the aim of this study was to investigate this possibility and to test a system that might practicably be used routinely to aid management and predict outcomes of individual stroke patients...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116653/classical-and-additional-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-blood-samples-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-and-healthy-controls
#10
Narin-Nard Carmel-Neiderman, David Tanne, Idan Goren, Pnina Rotman-Pikielny, Yair Levy
Classical antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLa) are found in 6-25% of blood samples from stroke patients. The frequency of novel aPLa antibodies in blood samples of CVA patients is not known. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were performed on blood samples from 209 CVA patients (170 samples were obtained during the acute phase and 39 samples were from patients with complete carotid stenosis) and compared to 54 healthy controls. Subjects were tested for the presence of the classical aPL antibodies anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-beta2-glycoprotein (aβ2gI), in addition to antiphosphatidylethanolamine (aPE), anti-phosphatidylserine (aPS), and Annexin V...
January 23, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111138/biologic-variability-of-n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-in-healthy-dogs-and-dogs-with-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease
#11
Randolph L Winter, Ashley B Saunders, Sonya G Gordon, Jesse S Buch, Matthew W Miller
INTRODUCTION: To determine the biologic variability of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) in healthy dogs and dogs with various stages of myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). ANIMALS: Thirty-eight privately owned dogs: 28 with MMVD and 10 healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective clinical study with comprehensive evaluation used to group dogs as healthy or into three stages of MMVD based on current guidelines...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104118/cerebrovascular-accident-rate-is-different-between-centrifugal-and-axial-flow-pumps-but-survival-and-driveline-infection-rates-are-similar
#12
M Kimura, K Nawata, O Kinoshita, H Yamauchi, Y Itoda, T Imamura, M Hatano, K Kinugawa, M Ono
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the outcome of patients with implantable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) at the University of Tokyo Hospital to compare those with centrifugal pumps (CE group: Duraheart and Evaheart) and those with axial-flow pumps (AX group: Heartmate II and Jarvik 2000). METHODS: A total of 68 patients who underwent implantation of LVADs (Duraheart: n = 15; Evaheart: n = 23; Heartmate II: n = 22; Jarvik 2000: n = 8) as a bridge to transplantation at our institution from May 2011 to April 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098098/a-study-of-clinical-assessment-of-frailty-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-supported-by-cashless-government-scheme
#13
Manjusha Yadla, Jyothi Priyadarshini John, Mahesh Mummadi
This is a prospective cohort study to assess the prevalence of frailty in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD) under the government-funded scheme at our center and to assess the relationship between frailty and falls, hospitalizations, and mortality. This was done at our center which is completely supported by the government, which provides HD to all the patients under poverty line. Epidemiological data, anthropometric measurements, comorbidities assessment, frailty assessment using Fried criteria, subsequent hospitalizations, falls, and mortality were recorded in our prevalent dialysis population at our center between October 2014 and October 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095051/improving-personal-self-advocacy-skills-for-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-randomized-pilot-feasibility-study
#14
Lenore Hawley, Don Gerber, Clare Morey
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a self-advocacy intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel-design, randomized feasibility study. METHODS: Twelve participants, 1-year or more post-ABI (TBI and cerebral vascular accident (CVA)), were randomized into treatment/control groups. The treatment group received a group intervention and workbook; the control group received the workbook only. Outcome measures, taken at baseline, post-treatment and 6-weeks follow-up, included the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) and two exploratory measures developed for the study: the Self Advocacy Scale (SAS) and the Personal Advocacy Activity Scale (PAAS)...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088474/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-measurement-in-predicting-cough-variant-asthma-and-eosinophilic-bronchitis-in-adults-with%C3%A2-chronic-cough-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Woo-Jung Song, Hyun Jung Kim, Ji-Su Shim, Ha-Kyeong Won, Sung-Yoon Kang, Kyoung-Hee Sohn, Byung-Keun Kim, Eun-Jung Jo, Min-Hye Kim, Sang-Heon Kim, Heung-Woo Park, Sun-Sin Kim, Yoon-Seok Chang, Alyn H Morice, Byung-Jae Lee, Sang-Heon Cho
BACKGROUND: Individual studies have suggested the utility of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (Feno) measurement in detecting cough-variant asthma (CVA) and eosinophilic bronchitis (EB) in patients with chronic cough. OBJECTIVE: We sought to obtain summary estimates of diagnostic test accuracy of Feno measurement in predicting CVA, EB, or both in adults with chronic cough. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies published until January 2016, without language restriction...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081319/chronic-cough-clinical-characteristics-and-etiologies-of-510-cases
#16
Guiyuan Jiang, Xinying Huang, Tianlin Li, Dongping Xu
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the clinical features and underlying etiologies of chronic cough (CC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and ten CC patients were enrolled. The phases, characteristics and associated clinical manifestations of CC among the gastroesophageal reflux cough (GERC), cough-variant asthma (CVA), and upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) groups were compared, and the diagnostic values of each group were evaluated by multiple regression analysis...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077832/-frailty-and-its-related-factors-in-vulnerable-elderly-population-by-age-groups
#17
Eunok Park, Mi Yu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate factors affecting frailty by age groups among vulnerable elders in Korea. METHODS: In this secondary analysis, data were collected from records for 22,868 eldesr registered in the Visiting Health Management program of Publci Health Centers in 2012. Health behaviors, clinically diagnosed disease, frailty, depression and cognitive condition were assessed. Data were analyzed using stepwise regression to determine the associated factors of frailty by age group...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042404/in-hospital-and-one-year-clinical-outcome-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman-oman-pci-registry
#18
Prashanth Panduranga, Majdah Al-Rashidi, Fatma Al-Hajri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the in-hospital and one-year clinical outcome of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center, observational study looking at patients > 18 years old who underwent a PCI from 1 January to 31 December 2013. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as death, any myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) with either repeat PCI or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031679/elevated-factor-viii-levels-associated-with-acute-graft-occlusion-and-arterial-and-venous-thrombosis-after-off-pump-cabg
#19
Crystal A Kyaw, Pey-Jen Yu, Frank Manetta
Factor VIII is a common acute phase reactant and elevated levels confer an increased risk of thrombosis. Such thrombotic events have been documented in the literature, though to a limited extent. We present the case of a 54-year-old man presenting with a non-Q-wave myocardial infarction who was found to have triple vessel disease and subsequently underwent a 4-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Postoperatively, he was found to have multiple occluded vessels, deep vein thromboses, and a cerebrovascular accident (CVA)...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012984/virulence-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profile-of-extraintestinal-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-an-avian-colisepticemia-outbreak
#20
Jonas Fernandes Maciel, Letícia Beatriz Matter, Michele Martins Trindade, Giovana Camillo, Maristela Lovato, Sônia de Ávila Botton, Agueda Castagna de Vargas
In this study an avian colisepticemia outbreak was investigated. Two isolates from a chicken with colisepticemia were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence factors profile. For this purpose 7 antimicrobial and 29 genes (fimH, hrlA/hek, iha, papC, sfa/focCD, tsh, mat, tia, gimB, ibeA, chuA, fyuA, ireA, iroN, irp2, iucD, sitD. chr., sitD. ep., iss, neuC, ompA, traT, astA, hlyA, sat, vat, pic, malX, cvi/cva) were tested. The outbreak happened in a hick chicken breeding located in the northwestern region of Rio Grande do Sul state in South of Brazil and caused 28...
December 21, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
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