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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539935/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-triple-therapy-containing-ilaprazole-levofloxacin-and-amoxicillin-as-first-line-treatment-in-helicobacter-pylori-infections
#1
Hyo Jun Ahn, Dong Pil Kim, Myeong Su Chu, Hyeon Jeong Yun, Seok-Hwan Kim, Seung Woo Lee, Dong Soo Lee
Background and Aims. To establish the efficacy and safety of ilaprazole, levofloxacin, and amoxicillin as a first-line eradication treatment for Helicobacter pylori. Methods. Patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, or gastritis, as detected by esophagogastroduodenoscopy with confirmed H. pylori infection between September 2014 and November 2015, were enrolled in the study. All participants received ilaprazole (10 mg bid), levofloxacin (500 mg bid), and amoxicillin (1000 mg bid) for 10 days. H. pylori eradication was confirmed by a (13)C-urea breath test at 6-8 weeks after the end of treatment...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539579/serotyping-and-genetic-characterization-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd-associated-enteroviruses-of-no-ev71-and-non-cva16-circulating-in-fujian-china-2011-2015
#2
Yuwei Weng, Wei Chen, Wenxiang He, Meng Huang, Ying Zhu, Yansheng Yan
BACKGROUND Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common contagious disease in infants; it is caused by multiple serotypes of human enterovirus (EV), which belongs to the enterovirus genus of the picornavirus family. According to sentinel surveillance, infection with EVs other than EV71 and CVA 16 have become increasingly common in recent years among HFMD patients, posing new challenges for HFMD control. This study aimed to explore the spectrum of serotypes in the other EVs (non-EV71 and non-CVA16) in Fujian province in southeastern China...
May 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537013/can-diastolic-blood-pressure-decrease-in-emergency-department-setting-be-anticipated
#3
Irit Ayalon-Dangur, Tzippy Shochat, Shachaf Shiber, Alon Grossman
INTRODUCTION: There are no obvious guidelines for therapy of elevated blood pressure (BP) in the emergency department (ED). Diastolic BP is probably more difficult to control compared with systolic BP. AIM: To characterize patients who respond with a significant decrease in diastolic BP in the ED, whether treated or not. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, all patients attending a tertiary care ED with elevated BP were evaluated. Clinical characteristics of patients in whom diastolic BP decreased ≥20% were compared with those in whom diastolic BP decreased <20%...
May 23, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530081/-evaluation-of-the-association-between-antihypertensive-treatment-and-development-of-stroke
#4
Margarita Fraimovitch, Yosef Tzvi, Reuven Zimlichman
INTRODUCTION: An ischemic stroke is an event that occurs due to cerebral vascular disease and is directly related to the degree of vascular damage. This process is associated with atherosclerosis progression and is influenced by the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. AIMS: One of the goals of our research was to examine whether specific medications used for treating hypertension are associated with the development of strokes. METHODS: In a retrospective study of patients who were hospitalized between the years 2003-2008 due to a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), 916 cases of stroke patients were reviewed...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510272/diabetes-mellitus-is-associated-with-increased-acute-kidney-injury-and-1-year-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-meta-analysis
#5
George S Mina, Priyanka Gill, Demiana Soliman, Pratap Reddy, Paari Dominic
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with adverse outcomes after surgical aortic valve replacement. However, there are conflicting data on the impact of DM on outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). HYPOTHESIS: DM is associated with poor outcomes after different cardiac procedures. Therefore, DM can also be associated with poor outcomes after TAVR. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies that evaluated outcomes after TAVR and stratified at least 1 of the studied endpoints by DM status...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506006/immediate-responses-to-backpack-carriage-on-postural-angles-in-young-adults-a-crossover-randomized-self-controlled-study-with-repeated-measures
#6
Ukachukwu O Abaraogu, Elochukwu F Ezenwankwo, Ijeoma B Nwadilibe, Geoffrey C Nwafor, Bianca O Ugwuele, Pascal C Uzoh, Ifunanya Ani, Kinsley Amarachineke, Collins Atuma, Obed Ewelunta
BACKGROUND: Heavy backpacks have been associated with various postural changes and consequently musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the immediate responses of varying backpack loads on cranio-vertebral angle (CVA), sagittal shoulder angle (SSA) and trunk forward lean (TFL) of young adults between the ages of 18-25 years. METHODS: This was a 3×3 cross over randomized controlled study with repeated measures among a convenience sample of young adults (n = 30; 50% male, 50% female)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495534/hybrid-treatment-of-the-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-arteria-lusoria-feasibility-study-on-180-angio-cts
#7
Nicla Settembre, Charbel Saba, Zakariyae Bouziane, Fanette Jeannon, Damien Mandry, Serguei Malikov
OBJECTIVES: The aberrant right subclavian artery or arteria lusoria (AL) is the most frequent anatomical variation of the supra-aortic trunks (SAT). Treatment is only warranted in presence of an aneurysm because of the risk of rupture or in symptomatic cases with signs of compression of the esophagus or the trachea, with embolisms causing right upper limb ischemia of vertebrobasilar cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). The conventional surgical treatment of AL is the closure of the origin of AL and the revascularization of the artery right subclavian through a left thoracotomy...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481738/outcomes-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-for-equinovarus-deformity-in-patients-with-cva-a-case-series
#8
Priya Karakkattil, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Heather Hilliard Brown, Patrick Hammontree, Mary Okolo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that Botulinum Toxin-A (BTX-A) reduces focal spasticity associated with equinovarus to improve gait in patients poststroke. However, there is little research examining whether gait improvements are maintained after the effectiveness period of BTX-A injections. The purpose of this observational study was to determine whether there was a difference in gait parameters in three patients before BTX-A injection versus four and ten weeks after. CASE SERIES: Three women, ages 63, 60, and 42 postischemic stroke with hemiparesis and equinovarus underwent measurements for: plantar flexor spasticity, ankle dorsiflexion ROM, temporal-spatial gait parameters, and gait endurance...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479516/risk-model-for-predicting-complications-in-patients-undergoing-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-short-title-risk-score-for-predicting-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-complications
#9
Santosh K Padala, Sampath Gunda, Parikshit S Sharma, Le Kang, Jayanthi N Koneru, Kenneth A Ellenbogen
BACKGROUND: Predictors of complications from AF ablation have been identified in small studies. The combination of risk factors to predict complications after ablation has not yet been explored. OBJECTIVE: To develop a risk score model that predicts complications after AF ablation. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample database was utilized to identify 106,105 patients who underwent AF ablation. The study population was split into derivation cohort (DC, 2007-2010, n= 56,658) and validation cohort (VC, 2011-2013, n= 49,447)...
May 4, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466436/three-dimensional-geometric-morphometric-analysis-reveals-ethnic-dimorphism-in-the-shape-of-the-femur
#10
Etienne Cavaignac, Ke Li, Marie Faruch, Frederic Savall, Philippe Chiron, W Huang, Norbert Telmon
BACKGROUND: Ethnic dimorphism in the distal femur has never been studied in a three-dimensional analysis focused on shape instead of size. Yet, this dimorphism has direct implications in orthopedic surgery and in anthropology. The goal of this study was to show that differences in distal femur shape related to ethnic dimorphism could be identified, visualized, and quantified using 3D geometric morphometric analysis. METHODS: CT scans of the distal femur were taken from 482 patients who were free of any bone-related pathology: 240 patients were European (E) and 242 were Asian (A)...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457560/three-year-follow-up-of-patients-with-acetylcholine-induced-coronary-artery-spasm-combined-with-insignificant-coronary-stenosis
#11
Byoung Geol Choi, Sung Hun Park, Seung-Woon Rha, Jihun Ahn, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Hu Li, Ahmed Mashaly, Min Suk Shim, Jun Hyuk Kang, Woohyeun Kim, Jah Yeon Choi, Eun Jin Park, Sunki Lee, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery spasm (CAS) and significant coronary stenosis are known to be major causes of myocardial ischemia. However, their association and the impact of insignificant coronary stenosis (ICS) on long-term clinical outcomes of CAS patients are largely unknown. METHODS: A total of 2797 patients without significant coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent the acetylcholine (ACH) provocation test between November 2004 and October 2010 were enrolled...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457078/postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-predicts-long-term-atrial-fibrillation-and-stroke
#12
Yuval Konstantino, Dana Zelnik Yovel, Michael D Friger, Gideon Sahar, Boris Knyazer, Guy Amit
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, occurring in 20%-40% of patients, mostly during the first week after surgery. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but data are limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between new-onset in-hospital AF following CABG and long-term AF, cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or death. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of 161 consecutive patients who underwent isolated CABG surgery in a tertiary center during the period 2002-2003...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456248/cold-wire-constant-voltage-anemometry-to-measure-temperature-fluctuations-and-its-application-in-a-thermoacoustic-system
#13
Sarah Cleve, Emmanuel Jondeau, Philippe Blanc-Benon, Geneviève Comte-Bellot
The knowledge of temperature fluctuations is essential for most thermoacoustic systems. In the present paper, cold wire constant-voltage anemometry (CVA) to measure temperature fluctuations is presented. Corrections for the thermal inertia and for the end losses of the wire are applied during the post-processing. The correction for the thermal inertia of the cold wire is achieved by applying a time dependent thermal lag as proposed originally for a constant-current anemometry (CCA) system. This thermal lag is measured in parallel by a hot wire...
April 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453447/correlation-between-forward-head-posture-respiratory-functions-and-respiratory-accessory-muscles-in-young-adults
#14
Mi-Sun Kim, Yong-Jun Cha, Jong-Duk Choi
BACKGROUND: Forward head posture (FHP) causes changes in the strengths and rigidities of cervical muscles. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between FHP and respiratory functions and the muscle activities of respiratory accessory muscles in young adults in their 20s. METHODS: A volunteer sample of 33 healthy young adults participated in this study. Craniovertebral angle (CVA), cranial rotational angle (CRA), vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV), and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and upper trapezius activity ratios were measured...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451496/carotid-artery-injury-in-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-multicenter-cohort-study-and-literature-review
#15
Roger Härtl, Marjan Alimi, Mohamed Abdelatif Boukebir, Connor D Berlin, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Paul M Arnold, Michael G Fehlings, Thomas E Mroz, K Daniel Riew
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study and literature review. OBJECTIVE: To provide more comprehensive data about carotid artery injury (CAI) or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) related to anterior cervical spine surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, multicenter, case series study involving 21 high-volume surgical centers from the AOSpine North America Clinical Research Network. Medical records of 17 625 patients who went through cervical spine surgery (levels from C2 to C7) between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2011, were analyzed...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442520/development-and-application-of-a-duplex-real-time-rt-pcr-assay-for-simultaneous-detection-of-coxsackievirus-a6-and-coxsackievirus-a10
#16
Peiyan He, Yongxiang Li, Jianyong Luo, Henghui Wang, Yong Yan, Zhongwen Chen
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a serious public health problem. Generally, it is considered that HFMD is mainly caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16). Nevertheless, the incidence of HFMD caused by coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) and coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) has increased significantly and CVA6 and CVA10 have become major causes of HFMD epidemic. This study develops a duplex real-time reverse transcript polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for simultaneous detection of CVA 6 and CVA 10...
March 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431909/antipsychotics-and-the-risk-of-cerebrovascular-accident-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#18
Wan-Ting Hsu, Amin Esmaily-Fard, Chih-Cheng Lai, Darshan Zala, Sie-Huei Lee, Shy-Shin Chang, Chien-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the association between antipsychotic use and the risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) showed inconsistent results. AIM: Conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether use of antipsychotics is associated with increased risk of CVA. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from 1970 to October 2016 for observational studies investigating the risk of CVA among users of antipsychotics...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414666/just-a-puff-of-smoke
#19
A Leonard
CASE: A 44 year old woman with a history of stroke s/p aneurysm clipping, seizure, and substance abuse was brought to the hospital after a family member received a call from her friend saying she was acting unusual and may have had a seizure while hanging out on the street. At her baseline, she needed modest assistance in daily activities after her CVA and conversed without issue. Her mother died of a stroke. On exam the patient was afebrile, normotensive with mild tachycardia to 110...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410995/transcatheter-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-non-high-surgical-risk-severe-aortic-stenosis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Tariq H Enezate, Arun Kumar, Mazen Abu Fadel, Mitul Patel, Ashraf Al Dadah, Jad Omran
OBJECTIVE: Transcatether aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as an acceptable alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with high-risk surgical profile. In this analysis, we compare both approaches in non-high surgical risk severe aortic stenosis. METHODS: Only studies comparing SAVR and TAVR and enrolling patients with low-intermediate risk were included from January 2000 through May 2016. Primary endpoints were assessed at 1 and 12months including: mortality, cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and myocardial infarction (MI)...
February 20, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
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