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Shoulder surgery

Jae Hee Woo, Youn Jin Kim, Kwan Chang Kim, Chi Hyo Kim, Jeeyoung Jun
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ipsilateral shoulder pain occurs in 37% to 68% of patients undergoing a thoracotomy. We examined whether interscalene brachial plexus block using a lower concentration of local anesthetic would reduce the incidence of post-thoracotomy ipsilateral shoulder pain with assessment of pulmonary function in patients who underwent a lung lobectomy. METHODS: Forty-four patients who underwent a lung lobectomy were randomly assigned to either the control or the interscalene block group...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gürkan Gümüşsuyu, Mehmet A Çaçan, Yılmaz Mertsoy, Amjad Alrashdan, Bekir Y Uçar
Study Design: Prospective multicenter study. Objective: To analyze the effect of the Ucar convex rod rotation technique on coronal and sagittal correction in the treatment of Lenke type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Summary of Background Data: Various common curve correction techniques were used in scoliosis. This report describes the efficacy of the global vertebral correction technique with convex rod rotation. Materials and Methods: A total of 28 consecutive patients with Lenke type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis managed with Ucar convex rod rotation technique between October 2012 and September 2015 were included...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
M Robinson, L Ward, H Mehanna, V Paleri, S C Winter
BACKGROUND: Neck dissection is associated with post-operative shoulder dysfunction in a substantial number of patients, affecting quality of life and return to work. There is no current UK national practice regarding physiotherapy after neck dissection. METHOD: Nine regional centres were surveyed to determine their standard physiotherapy practice pre- and post-neck dissection, and to determine pre-emptive physiotherapy for any patients. RESULTS: Eighty-nine per cent of centres never arranged any pre-emptive physiotherapy for any patients...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
L H Mundbjerg, C R Stolberg, E-M Bladbjerg, P Funch-Jensen, C B Juhl, B Gram
Obesity and physical inactivity are major health problems. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery results in significant weight loss and reduces obesity-related morbidity and mortality. Physical activity lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. The aims of this study were to elucidate the effects of RYGB followed by 6 months of supervised physical training on physical capacity. In a randomized controlled trial, 60 participants eligible for RYGB were randomized 6 months post-surgery to either two weekly physical training sessions for 26 weeks (INT) or a control group (CON)...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Obesity
S Tongprasert, A Namchandee, K Sotthipoka, P Kammuang-Lue
STUDY DESIGN: It is a psychometrics study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the inter-rater reliability of the International Spinal Cord Injury Upper Extremity Basic Data Set (ISCI-UE). SETTING: Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand. METHODS: Individuals with subacute and chronic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) were recruited. One examiner rated five parts of the ISCI-UE, including the ability to reach and grasp, the shoulder function classification, utilization of adaptive devices used to enhance upper-extremity function, complications affecting upper-extremity function, and upper extremity/hand reconstructive surgery...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
Patrick Kornherr, Christiane Konerding, Mark Kovacevic, Klaus Wenda
Fractures of the scapula are rare and have an incidence of 1% of all fractures. Publications highlight glenoid rim fractures. Classification by Ideberg and Euler and Rüdi are accepted. Euler and Rüdi describe three extra-articular and two intra-articular fracture patterns. The indications for surgery are displaced glenoid fractures, scapula tilt of more than 40° and injuries to the superior shoulder suspensory complex. We describe a case of a 22 year old man, who while cycling collided with a moving car due to wet roads...
June 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, David Campillo-Recio, Tryno Muñoz-Perdomo, Ignacio Esteban-Feliu, Gerardo Mendez-Sanchez, Xavier Mir-Bullo
The treatment of advanced-stage Kienböck disease (KD) remains highly controversial. Particularly important is stage IIIC KD, which includes patients with a lunate coronal fracture. The purpose of this paper was to describe a new approach to KD in patients with Lichtman stage IIIC KD, and our results using it. The procedure combines a dorsolateral biplane closing radial osteotomy and lunate fixation. A total of 11 patients from January 2002 through December 2016 with documented KD who underwent this technique were included...
June 11, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Lorenzo Rocchi, Gianfranco Merendi, Luigi Mingarelli, Francesco Fanfani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess the results of antegrade percutaneous intramedullary Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation, for the treatment of unstable displaced metacarpal fractures in a large number of cases, in order to support the usage of this mini-invasive technique in the largest variety of fractures as possible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Every patient meeting the inclusion criteria was treated with closed reduction and antegrade intramedullary fixation with 1 or 2 K-wire from January 2013...
June 7, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Benedikt Schliemann, Lukas F Heilmann, Michael J Raschke, Helmut Lill, J Christoph Katthagen, Alexander Ellwein
Background: This study analyzed the indications for conservative management of isolated greater tuberosity (GT) fractures. The rate of secondary interventions for failed conservative treatment was also assessed. Methods: A retrospective data evaluation of isolated GT fractures was performed from the clinical database of two level-I trauma centers from January 2010 to June 2017. Conservatively treated GT fractures were identified and subdivided according to etiology, morphology, and amount of initial displacement...
2018: Obere Extremität
Jennifer Kurowicki, Samuel Rosas, Tsun Yee Law, Johnathan C Levy
Both anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) are routinely performed for patients who desire to continuously work or participate in sports. This study analyzes and compares the ability of patients to work and partake in sports following shoulder arthroplasty based on responses to clinical outcome surveys. A retrospective review of the shoulder surgery repository was performed for all patients treated with TSA and RSA and who completed questions 9 and 10 on the activity patient self-evaluation portion of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Assessment Form...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Geoffroy Nourissat, Michel Calò, Bernard Montalvan, Jacques Parier
Background: Os acromiale is a rare condition mostly reported in the literature through case reports, imaging studies, or reports of surgical treatment. This condition is the result of nonunion of growth plates of the acromion during the natural developmental process that occurs between 15 and 25 years of age. Its incidence is low, and few studies are available in the literature on athletes with high functional demands, and particularly on athletes within a specific sport. Purpose: To collect epidemiological data and to report the amount of time out of play as well as the type of treatment and its efficiency in professional tennis players...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Krzysztof Hermanowicz, Adrian Góralczyk, Konrad Malinowski, Piotr Jancewicz, Marcin E Domżalski
Despite the development in shoulder surgery, massive irreparable rotator cuff tears still remain challenging for orthopaedic surgeons. Many surgical methods are addressed to this kind of pathology, but each of them has its own limitations. We decided to fuse the ideas of superior capsular reconstruction, "GraftJacket" technique, and partial rotator cuff repair. In this way, the technique using the long head biceps tendon simultaneously as a vascularized bridge between rotator cuff remnants and greater tubercle and as a depressor for the humeral head was created...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Philipp Moroder, Elisabeth Böhm, Markus Scheibel
To date, specific surgical procedures are available for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability with substantial bony glenoid defects, as well as for patients without osseous lesions. However, specific treatment options are lacking for the frequently observed small to intermediate glenoid defects, which may not necessitate glenoid reconstruction surgery according to current guidelines but can still jeopardize the outcome after mere soft-tissue stabilization procedures. This article describes the so-called arthroscopic Bankart-Plus procedure for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability with small to intermediate bony glenoid defects...
April 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Ekavit Keyurapan, Chaiwat Chuaychoosakoon
Two standard patient positions for shoulder arthroscopy are the beach-chair and lateral decubitus positions. Both positions have advantages and disadvantages in many aspects. Surgeons choose the position based on their preferences, mainly the orientation of the anatomy. If an operation needs to be converted to an open procedure, a patient who is placed in the lateral decubitus position might need to undergo repositioning and re-draping, which result in extending the operative time and increasing the risk of infection...
April 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Peter Magnusson, Per Liv
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess among pacemaker patients their overall satisfaction with the pacemaker system, pain, soreness/discomfort, cosmetic results, restrictions due to impaired movement of the shoulder/arm/chest, related sleep disturbances, and concern about possible device malfunction. METHODS: The seven-item questionnaire was mailed to patients from a single center who had a pacemaker implant or replacement between 2006 and 2016. A higher score indicated worse outcome on a visual analog scale (VAS) of 0-100 mm...
June 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Demetrio Larraín, Francisco Suárez, Hernán Braun, Javier Chapochnick, Lidia Diaz, Iván Rojas
Objective: To describe our experience with the multidisciplinary management of both thoracic/diaphragmatic endometriosis (TED), applying a broadened definition of the “thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES)” to define cases. Material and Methods: We present a retrospective series of consecutive patients affected by pathology-proven TED, treated at our institution, during a period of 7 years. Results: Five women were included. Two cases were referred due to catamenial chest/shoulder pain, one due to recurrent catamenial pneumothorax, one due to new-onset diaphragmatic hernia...
June 5, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
C Scott Humphrey, Jonathan T Bravman
Because humeral head offset values vary widely from patient to patient, the final position of the proximal portion of a stemmed humeral prosthesis will sometimes not align well with respect to the center of rotation of the humeral head. This is especially notable when a humeral component with limited modularity is used. To address this problem, a prosthesis-specific method is presented for orienting a reverse shoulder humeral component (AltiVate Reverse, DJO Surgical, Austin, TX). With the metaphyseal-centering technique, priority is given to the positioning of the shell portion of the prosthesis over that of the stemmed portion during bone preparation...
June 2018: Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery
Firat Seyfettinoğlu, Hasan Ulaş Oğur, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hakan Çiçek, Ahmet Kapukaya
Background: To evaluate the treatment efficacy and complications of the lateral minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) method in geriatric patients with a humerus diaphyseal fracture with proximal extension. Patients and methods: The study included a total of 21 patients (18 females, 3 males; mean age 74±6.3 years, range 65-89 years) who underwent surgery with the lateral MIPO technique for a humerus diaphyseal fracture with proximal extension during the period January 2011 to December 2016...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Ying-Chao Chou, Chun-Jui Weng, Chun-Ying Cheng
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to investigate the long-term outcomes of radial head replacement and to analyze the relationship between functional outcomes and periprosthetic radiolucency. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 patients who underwent unilateral radial head replacement between 2004 and 2011. Data on patient characteristics including age, gender, injury complexity, associated trauma, injury chronicity, and number of surgeries were collected and analyzed...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Choon Sung Lee, Chang Ju Hwang, Dong-Ho Lee, Jae Hwan Cho
Proximal fusion level selection in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with a double thoracic curve (Lenke-2) remains debatable. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological outcomes of corrective surgery for Lenke-2 AIS according to the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV). This study included 74 patients who underwent corrective surgery for Lenke-2 AIS with the right main thoracic and left proximal thoracic (PT) curve at a single center. Various radiological parameters were measured using whole-spine standing radiographs preoperatively and postoperatively...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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