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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534293/psychiatric-illness-and-parasomnias-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Flavie Waters, Umberto Moretto, Thien Thanh Dang-Vu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Little is known about the presence of parasomnias such as nightmare disorder, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and sleep-related eating disorders (SRED) in people with mental illness. A predominant view suggests that psychotropic medications might be contributing to parasomnias. This article summarizes knowledge regarding the relationships between psychiatric disorders and parasomnias, and possible confounds. A systematic search of the literature in the past 10 years identified 19 articles...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526249/modified-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-for-behavioral-sleep-problems-a-validation-study
#2
Karen A Bonuck, Beth L Goodlin-Jones, Clyde Schechter, Judith Owens
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral sleep problems (BSPs) are prevalent and consequential in young children. There is a need for screening tools that identify BSPs-which are often rooted in the parent-young child relationship-and typically respond to behavior management. Such a tool would increase capacity to identify and treat BSPs. We sought to validate a short-form version of the widely used Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (SF-CSHQ) that omitted items that would not be responsive to behavioral strategies...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513054/is-there-a-common-motor-dysregulation-in-sleepwalking-and-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder
#3
Mehdi Haridi, Sebastian Weyn Banningh, Marion Clé, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Marie Vidailhet, Isabelle Arnulf
This study sought to determine if there is any overlap between the two major non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement parasomnias, i.e. sleepwalking/sleep terrors and rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. We assessed adult patients with sleepwalking/sleep terrors using rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder screening questionnaires and determined if they had enhanced muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep. Conversely, we assessed rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder patients using the Paris Arousal Disorders Severity Scale and determined if they had more N3 awakenings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509968/sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-associations-with-parenting-style-and-sleep-hygiene
#4
Emma Sciberras, Jie Cheng Song, Melissa Mulraney, Tibor Schuster, Harriet Hiscock
We aimed to examine the association between sleep problems and parenting and sleep hygiene in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants included 5-13-year-old children with DSM 5 defined ADHD and a parent-reported moderate-to-severe sleep problem (N = 361). Sleep was assessed using the parent-reported Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Parents also completed checklists assessing sleep hygiene, parenting consistency, and parenting warmth. Linear regression established prediction models controlling for confounding variables including child age and sex, ADHD symptom severity, comorbidities, medication use, and socio-demographic factors...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486878/sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-adhd
#5
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Serkan Günes, Nuran Ekinci, Gülhan Örekeci, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk
Objective Attention problems are common in children who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The differential features of TBI-related Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and primary ADHD are largely unknown. This study aimed to compare sleep problems and quality of life between children with TBI and ADHD and children with primary ADHD. Methods Twenty children with TBI (mean age = 12.7 ± 3.1 years) who had clinically significant ADHD symptoms according to the structured diagnostic interview and rating scales and a control group with primary ADHD (n = 20) were included...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460563/a-review-of-sleep-disorders-and-melatonin
#6
Zizhen Xie, Fei Chen, William A Li, Xiaokun Geng, Changhong Li, Xiaomei Meng, Yan Feng, Wei Liu, Fengchun Yu
Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis and cause significant impairments in social and occupational functions. Although currently approved medications are efficacious, they are far from satisfactory. Benzodiazepines, antidepressants, antihistamines and anxiolytics have the potential for dependence and addiction. Moreover, some of these medications can gradually impair cognition. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is an endogenous hormone produced by the pineal gland and released exclusively at night...
June 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381508/clinical-manifestations-of-the-anti-iglon5-disease
#7
Carles Gaig, Francesc Graus, Yarko Compta, Birgit Högl, Luis Bataller, Norbert Brüggemann, Caroline Giordana, Anna Heidbreder, Katya Kotschet, Jan Lewerenz, Stefan Macher, Maria J Martí, Teresa Montojo, Jesus Pérez-Pérez, Inmaculada Puertas, Caspar Seitz, Mateus Simabukuro, Nieves Téllez, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Alex Iranzo, Guadalupe Ercilla, Lidia Sabater, Joan Santamaría, Josep Dalmau
OBJECTIVE: To report the presentation, main syndromes, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association, and immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass in the anti-IgLON5 disease: a disorder with parasomnias, sleep apnea, and IgLON5 antibodies. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical analysis of 22 patients. The IgG subclass was determined using reported techniques. RESULTS: Patients' median age was 64 years (range 46-83). Symptoms that led to initial consultation included sleep problems (8 patients; 36%), gait abnormalities (8; 36%), bulbar dysfunction (3; 14%), chorea (2; 9%), and cognitive decline (1; 5%)...
May 2, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366343/the-french-sleep-disturbance-scale-for-children
#8
Benjamin Putois, Wendy Leslie, Marie Paule Gustin, Marie-Josèphe Challamel, Aude Raoux, Anne Guignard-Perret, Diane Weick, Jean-Baptiste Sauzeau, Vania Herbillon, Filio Zourou, Karen Spruyt, Patricia Franco
OBJECTIVE: The psychometric properties of the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) have been shown to be accurate, even when translated into several languages. The aim of the present study was to translate, adapt, and validate the SDSC for a French-speaking population. METHODS: After forward- and back-translation, the tool was further translated and adapted into the French language. It was then pretested in terms of clarity on 33 French-speaking parents. Pretesting demonstrated that the questionnaire was well understood, indicating good clarity...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364495/sexsomnia-a-specialized-non-rem-parasomnia
#9
Anne-Laure Dubessy, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Isabelle Arnulf
Introduction: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers. Aims and Methods: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS), and were monitored 1-2 nights with video-polysomnography. Results: Seventeen patients (70.6% male, aged 17-76 years) had sexsomnia, with amnestic fondling of the bed partner (n = 11), complete sexual intercourse (n = 8), masturbation (n = 8), and spontaneous orgasm (n = 1)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363448/trauma-associated-sleep-disorder-a-parasomnia-induced-by-trauma
#10
REVIEW
Vincent Mysliwiec, Matthew S Brock, Jennifer L Creamer, Brian M O'Reilly, Anne Germain, Bernard J Roth
Nightmares and disruptive nocturnal behaviors that develop after traumatic experiences have long been recognized as having different clinical characteristics that overlap with other established parasomnia diagnoses. The inciting experience is typically in the setting of extreme traumatic stress coupled with periods of sleep disruption and/or deprivation. The limited number of laboratory documented cases and symptomatic overlap with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have contributed to difficulties in identifying what is a unique parasomnia...
January 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320604/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-moderate-to-severe-persistent-allergic-rhinitis
#11
Jessica Loekmanwidjaja, Ana Cláudia F Carneiro, Maria Lúcia T Nishinaka, Daniela A Munhoes, Gabriela Benezoli, Gustavo F Wandalsen, Dirceu Solé
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis is associated with several complications, including sleep disorders. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire has been recently translated and validated in Portuguese for the evaluation of sleep disorders in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep disorders in children with moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis and to correlate the findings with disease severity markers. METHODS: We evaluated 167 children (4-10 years), 112 with allergic rhinitis and 55 controls...
February 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215254/epidemiology-of-sleep-and-sleep-disorders-in-the-netherlands
#12
Gerard A Kerkhof
OBJECTIVE: There is a surging public interest in The Netherlands concerning sleep, sleep disorders and associated health. For a proper perspective, it is necessary to have reliable information on the prevalence of sleep characteristics at the national level. This study set out to assess prevalence rates and key characteristics of sleep and sleep disorders in The Netherlands. METHODS: In 2012, a nationally representative sample of 2089 individuals, aged 18-70 years, responded to a set of 48 questions, including the Holland Sleep Disorders Questionnaire, a validated questionnaire based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163603/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-rbd-update-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
Birgit Högl, Ambra Stefani
BACKGROUND: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is parasomnia characterized by dream enactment and enabled by disruption of physiological muscle atonia during REM sleep. Over the past few years, diagnostic criteria and the methods used to confirm diagnosis have been updated. OBJECTIVE: In this review article, the current knowledge regarding RBD diagnosis and treatment is presented. METHODS: A selective literature search was carried out. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Although several RBD screening questionnaires have been developed, diagnosis can only be definitely confirmed on the basis of polysomnography...
2017: Somnologie: Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin, Somnology: Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159093/legal-and-regulatory-aspects-of-sleep-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Lourdes M DelRosso, Nancy A Collop
Sleep disorders may interact with the law, making awareness important. Insufficient sleep and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are prevalent and associated with excessive sleepiness. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil or criminal liability if they fall asleep and cause a motor vehicle accident. Awareness of screening and treatment of OSA is increasing in certain industries. Parasomnia associated sleep-related violence represents a challenge to clinicians, who may be called on to consider parasomnia as a contributing, mitigating, or exculpatory factor in criminal proceedings...
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132976/diagnosis-disease-notification-and-management-of-rapid-eye-movement-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Takayoshi Shimohata, Yuichi Inoue, Koichi Hirata
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by dream enactment behavior during REM sleep. It has been demonstrated that patients with idiopathic RBD are at a significantly increased risk of developing one of the α-synucleinopathies later in life, and this is called "phenoconversion". Although some physicians argue against disclosing information that could cause patients psychological stress, the patients also have a "right to know" about their own disease. Therefore, determining when and how to disclose this information, in addition to appropriate follow-up, is important...
February 25, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131614/why-catathrenia-is-a-parasomnia
#16
EDITORIAL
Dirk A Pevernagie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126342/the-sleeping-brain-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-focus-on-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder-and-related-parasomnias-for-practicing-neurologists
#17
REVIEW
Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Jirada Sringean, Watchara Rattanachaisit, Daniel D Truong
Sleep disorders are identified as common non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) and recently this recognition has been expanded to include parasomnias, encompassing not only REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD), but also other non-REM forms. RBD, a prototypical parasomnia in PD, exists even in the prodromal stage of the disease, and is characterized by the presence of dream enactment behaviours occurring alongside a loss of normal skeletal muscle atonia during REM sleep. In contrast, non-REM parasomnias are more frequently observed in the late stage PD...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123649/sexsomnia-and-rem-predominant-obstructive-sleep-apnea-effectively-treated-with-a-mandibular-advancement-device
#18
Miguel Meira E Cruz, Rodolfo Soca
Parasomnias with sexual behavior or sexsomnias are considered a subtype of NREM parasomnias. Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea (OSAH) has been described as a known triggering factor for parasomnias including sexsomnia. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) has been the standard of treatment for OSAH but mandibular advancement devices (MAD) are becoming an important treatment alternative. We present the case of a patient with mild OSAH and sexsomnia who had resolution of both conditions with a MAD...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095975/sleep-related-abnormal-sexual-behaviors-sexsomnia-successfully-treated-with-a-mandibular-advancement-device-a-case-report
#19
Imran S Khawaja, Thomas D Hurwitz, Carlos H Schenck
Sleep-related abnormal sexual behaviors (sexsomnia) are classified as a subtype of non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnias. There are reported cases of control of sexsomnia with treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure. We present a case of sexsomnia controlled with the treatment of OSA with a mandibular advancement device.
April 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095968/catathrenia-nocturnal-groaning-a-social-media-survey-and-state-of-the-art-review
#20
Jose Alonso, Macario Camacho, Dinesh K Chhetri, Christian Guilleminault, Soroush Zaghi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Catathrenia is an underrecognized nocturnal vocalization phenomenon that can be a source of perplexity to patients, bed partners, and medical providers. Catathrenia is distinct from both sleep talking (a parasomnia with loud talking during sleep) and snoring (noise due to vibration of upper airway soft tissues related to variations in airway resistance). The objective of this review is to provide an evidence-based resource to help the practitioner reliably evaluate and manage patients with this condition...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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