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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899330/rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder-not-just-a-bad-dream
#1
REVIEW
Elie Matar, Simon Jg Lewis
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterised by the loss of the normal atonia during the REM stage of sleep, resulting in overt motor behaviours that usually represent the enactment of dreams. Patients will seek medical attention due to sleep-related injuries or unpleasant dream content. Idiopathic RBD which occurs independently of any other disease occurs in up to 2% of the older population. Meanwhile, secondary RBD is very common in association with certain neurodegenerative conditions...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892547/non-rapid-eye-movement-arousal-parasomnias-in-children
#2
Vijayabharathi Ekambaram, Kiran Maski
Parasomnia is a common pediatric sleep disorder that can cause parents or caregivers distress when experienced by their children. Based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, parasomnias can be divided into two subgroups: non-rapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnias and rapid eye movement (REM) parasomnias. REM sleep parasomnias include nightmares, REM behavior disorder, and sleep paralysis, whereas NREM sleep parasomnias include disorders of arousal such as confusional arousals, sleepwalking, sleep talking, night terrors, and sleep-related eating disorder...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871332/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-autonomic-dysfunction-and-synuclein-related-neurodegeneration-where-do-we-stand
#3
REVIEW
Giacomo Chiaro, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Annagrazia Cecere, Francesco Mignani, Luisa Sambati, Giuseppe Loddo, Pietro Cortelli, Federica Provini
INTRODUCTION: From newfound parasomnia to a marker of future synucleinopathy, since its first description in 1986, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) has been systematically tackled from virtually many viewpoints in basic, translational, and clinical studies. The time delay between RBD and synucleinopathy onset offers an exceptional window for observation and design of neuroprotective trials. In the last few years, research has focused on characterizing possible differences within RBD patients in order to draw potential profiles more or less susceptible to further neurodegeneration...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866299/clinical-experience-using-intranasal-ketamine-in-the-longitudinal-treatment-of-juvenile-bipolar-disorder-with-fear-of-harm-phenotype
#4
Demitri Papolos, Mark Frei, Daniel Rossignol, Steven Mattis, Laura C Hernandez-Garcia, Martin H Teicher
OBJECTIVES: Fear of Harm (FOH) is a pediatric onset phenotype of bipolar disorder (BD) characterized by BD plus treatment resistance, separation anxiety, aggressive obsessions, parasomnias, and thermal dysregulation. Intranasal ketamine (InK) in 12 youths with BD-FOH produced marked improvement during a two-week trial. Here we report on the open effectiveness and safety of InK in maintenance treatment of BD-FOH from the private practice of one author. METHODS: As part of a chart review, patients 18 years or older and parents of younger children responded to a clinical effectiveness and safety survey...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850064/sleep-disorders-in-a-sample-of-adopted-children-a-pilot-study
#5
Meghna Rajaprakash, Elizabeth Kerr, Benita Friedlander, Shelly Weiss
Sleep disorders occur in up to 25% of children and are more prevalent in children who have attention problems and attachment issues. Research shows that foster children display sleep problems, but limited knowledge exists on sleep problems in adopted children. This pilot study aimed to identify the types of sleep disorders in adopted children and associated psychosocial factors. Parents of adopted children in Ontario, Canada, ages 2-10 years were asked to complete questionnaires evaluating demographic measures, sleep history, and the presence of behavioral problems...
August 29, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842725/-diagnosis-of-non-epileptic-paroxysmal-disorders-and-epileptic-seizures
#6
REVIEW
S Noachtar, B Güldiken
Non-epileptic paroxysmal disorders may clinically manifest in a similar way to epileptic seizures and have to be considered in the differential diagnosis of epilepsy. Syncope, non-epileptic psychogenic seizures, paroxysmal movement disorders, migraine, transient ischemic attacks and parasomnia constitute the major differential diagnoses. A meticulous history and a third party description are useful for the differential diagnosis. Neurological, psychiatric and cardiological examinations are required for the correct differential diagnosis...
August 25, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831514/-parasomnia-and-paroxysmal-dyskinesia
#7
REVIEW
J Rémi, K Bötzel
Short involuntary paroxysmal movements or behavioral patterns are an important differential diagnosis to epileptic seizures, especially when occurring for the first time. Typically, these attacks are not witnessed by medically trained personnel and the patient anamnesis or observations by a third party are often not specific enough to differentiate between epileptic seizures and the differential diagnoses. This review presents the epidemiology, the clinical presentation, the necessary diagnostic steps and the differential diagnostic approach to parasomnias and dyskinesias...
August 22, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807776/sleep-behaviors-in-children-with-different-frequencies-of-parental-reported-sleep-bruxism
#8
Claudia Restrepo, Daniele Manfredini, Frank Lobbezoo
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the relationship between sleep bruxism (SB) and sleep behaviors in children is still fragmental, especially when socioeconomic factors are concerned. To assess sleep behaviors in children with different frequencies of proxy-reported SB. METHODS: Parents of 1475 Colombian children, aged 9.8±1.6years, belonging to 3 different social layers, filled out a questionnaire on their childreńs sleep (Childreńs Sleep Habits Questionnaire [CSHQ])...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777180/sleep-wake-disorders-of-childhood
#9
Suresh Kotagal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-wake disorders occur in 10% to 28% of children and differ somewhat in pathophysiology and management from sleep-wake disorders in adults. This article discusses the diagnosis and management of key childhood sleep disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of sleep in memory consolidation and in the facilitation of learning has been increasingly recognized, even at the toddler stage. Cataplexy, a key feature of narcolepsy type 1, may be subtle in childhood and characterized by transient muscle weakness isolated to the face...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777175/non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-and-overlap-parasomnias
#10
Muna Irfan, Carlos H Schenck, Michael J Howell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the spectrum of non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep parasomnias, including sleepwalking, confusional arousals, and sleep terrors, which represent the range of phenotypic disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep that occurs in children and adults. RECENT FINDINGS: The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (ICSD-3) classifies parasomnias according to the sleep stage they emerge from: REM, non-REM, or other...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777174/rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-other-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-parasomnias
#11
Birgit Högl, Alex Iranzo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The most common rapid eye movement (REM) parasomnia encountered by neurologists is REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and nightmares are so frequent that every neurologist should be able to differentiate them from the dream enactment of RBD. Isolated sleep paralysis is relatively common and is often mistaken for other neurologic disorders. This article summarizes the current state of the art in the diagnosis of RBD, discusses the role of specific questionnaires and polysomnography in the diagnosis of RBD, and reviews recent studies on idiopathic RBD as an early feature of a synucleinopathy, secondary RBD, and its management...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761904/iglon5-antibody-neurological-accompaniments-and-outcomes-in-20-patients
#12
Josephe A Honorat, Lars Komorowski, Keith A Josephs, Kai Fechner, Erik K St Louis, Shannon R Hinson, Sabine Lederer, Neeraj Kumar, Avi Gadoth, Vanda A Lennon, Sean J Pittock, Andrew McKeon
OBJECTIVE: To describe the phenotypes, treatment response, and outcome of IgLON5 autoimmunity. METHODS: Archived serum and CSF specimens from 367 patients known to harbor unclassified antibodies which stained neural synapses diffusely (mimicking amphiphysin-IgG) were reevaluated by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using a composite of mouse tissues and recombinant IgLON5-transfected cell-based assay (CBA, Euroimmun). RESULTS: Available specimens (serum, 25; CSF, 9) from 26/367 patients (7%) had identical IFA appearance and robust IgLON5 CBA positivity...
September 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760912/when-sleep-related-hypermotor-epilepsy-she-met-charles-darwin-and-francis-galton
#13
Liborio Parrino, Giovanni Pavesi
Sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) is characterized by short-lasting seizures patterned by repetitive and stereotyped motor events in the same person. In autosomal dominant SHE, genetic factors play a well-known key role. In The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals, Charles Darwin quotes a plausible example of SHE illustrated by his cousin Sir Francis Galton: "the gentleman…lay fast asleep on his back in bed, raising his right arm slowly in front of his face, up to his forehead, and then dropping it with a jerk, so that the wrist fell heavily on the bridge of his nose...
August 1, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753086/gender-and-age-differences-in-sleep-problems-in-children-person-oriented-approach-with-multi-group-analysis
#14
Yi-Lung Chen, Wan-Ling Tseng, Li-Kuang Yang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify subtypes of sleep problems in children and to examine whether these patterns differed between gender and age groups. PARTICIPANTS: There were 3052 children (951 elementary school boys, 943 elementary school girls, 603 junior high school boys, and 555 junior high school girls) aged 7-16 years from two school-based epidemiological samples. METHODS: Sleep problems were measured by the Sleep Habit Questionnaire based on parent reports...
July 28, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735926/overlap-parasomnia-disorder-in-a-case-of-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease
#15
Monica Puligheddu, Patrizia Congiu, Ilaria Laccu, Michela Figorilli, Gioia Gioi, Lorenzo Polizzi, Patrizia Pisanu, F Marrosu, Federica Provini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735917/mother-father-agreement-and-one-year-stability-of-children-s-sleep-functioning
#16
Stephen P Becker, Paul A Isaacson, Mateu Servera, Belén Sáez, G Leonard Burns
OBJECTIVES: To (1) evaluate mother-father agreement of total sleep problems and specific sleep problem domains and (2) examine the one-year stability of children's sleep functioning, including cross-rater stability. METHODS: A community-based sample of 519 children (51% boys) in Spain was assessed in third grade and again 1 year later. At each time-point, both mothers and fathers provided ratings of sleep functioning using the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735913/gray-matter-abnormalities-of-the-dorsal-posterior-cingulate-in-sleep-walking
#17
Anna Heidbreder, Ambra Stefani, Elisabeth Brandauer, Ruth Steiger, Christian Kremser, Elke R Gizewski, Peter Young, Werner Poewe, Birgit Högl, Christoph Scherfler
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether voxel-based analysis of T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging is able to detect alterations of gray and white matter morphometry as well as measures of mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy in patients with non-rapid eye movement parasomnia. METHODS: 3 Tesla MRI was performed in 14 drug-free, polysomnography-confirmed adult patients with non-rapid eye movement parasomnia (age: 29 ± 4...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720127/parasomnia-overlap-disorder-parkinson-s-disease-and-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-three-case-reports
#18
Panagiotis Bargiotas, Julia Muellner, W M Michael Schuepbach, Claudio L Bassetti
BACKGROUND: Parasomnia overlap disorder (POD) is a distinct parasomnia and characterized by concomitant manifestation of rapid-eye-movement (REM)- and non-REM (NREM)-parasomnias. Although not uncommon among patients with Parkinson's disease, POD is often under-investigated. CASE PRESENTATION: This is the first report of patients with PD and features of POD that underwent deep brain stimulation. Our patients exhibited different outcomes of POD features after subthalamic deep brain stimulation...
July 18, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720085/my-child-cannot-breathe-while-sleeping-a-report-of-three-cases-and-review
#19
Won Hee Seo, Minkyu Park, So-Hee Eun, Seonkyeong Rhie, Dae Jin Song, Kyu-Young Chae
BACKGROUND: Sudden breath-holding episodes during sleep in young children are potentially related to sudden infant death syndrome and other life-threatening events. Additionally, these episodes can negatively affect child's growth and development. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present 3 cases of preschool children with similar paroxysmal nocturnal waking events associated with choking that had different etiologies (nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux disease, and parasomnia, respectively)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709007/a-patient-with-childhood-onset-aggressive-parasomnia-diagnosed-50-years-later-with-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-a-history-of-sleepwalking
#20
Junying Zhou, Bing Liang, Lina Du, Lu Tan, Xiangdong Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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