keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

parasomnia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765596/an-evolutionary-perspective-on-night-terrors
#1
Sean D Boyden, Martha Pott, Philip T Starks
Night terrors, also known as sleep terrors, are an early childhood parasomnia characterized by screams or cries, behavioral manifestations of extreme fear, difficulty waking and inconsolability upon awakening. The mechanism causing night terrors is unknown, and a consistently successful treatment has yet to be documented. Here, we argue that cultural practices have moved us away from an ultimate solution: cosleeping. Cosleeping is the norm for closely related primates and for humans in non-Western cultures...
2018: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759275/sleep-related-drug-therapy-in-special-conditions-children
#2
REVIEW
Nicholas-Tiberio Economou, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Paschalis Steiropoulos
Sleep disorders in children may lead to neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive deficits; it is important to diagnose and treat them properly. Apart from the existing challenges in diagnosis, another drawback is that few therapies are currently approved. In this article, a comprehensive summary of the most common pediatric sleep disorders, along with the various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches for their management, is presented. Special attention has been paid to the currently available treatment options for pediatric insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, parasomnias, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome, and comparisons are made with the corresponding treatment options for sleep disorders in adults...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759270/drugs-used-in-parasomnia
#3
REVIEW
Paola Proserpio, Michele Terzaghi, Raffaele Manni, Lino Nobili
Patient education and behavioral management represent the first treatment approaches to the patient with parasomnia, especially in case of disorders of arousal (DOA). A pharmacologic treatment of DOA may be useful when episodes are frequent and persist despite resolution of predisposing factors, are associated with a high risk of injury, or cause significant impairment, such as excessive sleepiness. Approved drugs for DOA are still lacking. The most commonly used medications are benzodiazepines and antidepressants...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753639/nrem-parasomnias-a-treatment-approach-based-upon-a-retrospective-case-series-of-512-patients
#4
Panagis Drakatos, Lucy Marples, Rexford Muza, Sean Higgins, Nadia Gildeh, Raluca Macavei, Eptehal M Dongol, Alexander Nesbitt, Ivana Rosenzweig, Elaine Lyons, Grainne d'Ancona, Joerg Steier, Adrian J Williams, Brian D Kent, Guy Leschziner
BACKGROUND: Non-REM parasomnias are not uncommon conditions in the general population. Current treatment options are based on small case series and reports. In this study, we aimed to present the clinical experience from a large cohort of patients. PATIENTS: Five hundred and twelve patients with Non-REM parasomnia or parasomnia overlap disorder (POD), who had undergone a video polysomnography and were exposed to treatment, were retrospectively identified. Treatment outcome was assessed based on patients' reports, and treatment approach on a locally accepted hierarchy of interventions...
April 10, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750922/legal-aspects-of-sleep-medicine-in-the-21-st-century
#5
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Nancy A Collop
Multiple manifestations of sleep disorders may interact with the law making it important to increase awareness of such interactions among clinicians. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil (and in some states criminal) liability if they fall asleep while driving and cause a motor vehicle accident. Employers may be held vicariously liable due to the actions of sleepy employees. Hence awareness of causes of excessive sleepiness such as sleep deprivation and OSA is increasing among trucking, railroad, and other safety sensitive occupations...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741922/l-tryptophan-as-treatment-for-pediatric-non-rapid-eye-movement-parasomnia
#6
Louis T van Zyl, Sharon A Chung, Azmeh Shahid, Colin M Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: Parasomnias are common in childhood but there is no established treatment for parasomnias. The aim of this study was to (1) report on the outcome of using L-tryptophan to manage parasomnias in children and (2) examine sleep architecture and subjective psychological/sleep symptoms in children with parasomnia. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted of charts of children (3-18 years old) who underwent polysomnographic testing and were diagnosed with primary parasomnia...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734991/violent-parasomnia-with-recurrent-biting-and-surgical-interventions-case-report-and-differential-diagnosis
#7
Nilam Danish, Imran S Khawaja, Carlos H Schenck
A case is reported of recurrent, injurious self-biting during sleep, requiring surgical interventions, in a 55-year-old obese man with a 20-year history of violent complex parasomnia, with greatly increased frequency and severity of episodes induced by work stress during the preceding 3 years. After clinical evaluation and overnight, hospital-based video-polysomnography, the cause of the chronic injurious parasomnia was deemed to be a non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep parasomnia comorbid with severe obstructive sleep apnea...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700571/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-brain-tumors-a-pilot-study-based-on-a-sleep-disorder-questionnaire
#8
Chiara Pilotto, Eva Passone, Elisa Coassin, Silvia Birri, Ettore Bidoli, Giovanni Crichiutti, Paola Cogo, Maurizio Mascarin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence of sleep disorders (SD) between children treated for brain tumors and healthy children, and to define the type of SD. METHODS: A case-control study was performed from October 2014 to April 2015. Inclusion criteria were patients between 2 and 16 years with "cases" defined as children affected by central nervous system tumors at least 3 months after the end of treatment (surgery and/or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) at the time of evaluation and "controls" as healthy children...
April 26, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693445/qualitative-development-and-content-validation-of-the-promis-pediatric-sleep-health-items
#9
Katherine B Bevans, Lisa J Meltzer, Anna De La Motte, Amy Kratchman, Dominique Viél, Christopher B Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To develop the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Sleep Health item pool and evaluate its content validity. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 8 expert sleep clinician-researchers, 64 children ages 8-17 years, and 54 parents of children ages 5-17 years. METHODS: We started with item concepts and expressions from the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance and Sleep Related Impairment adult measures. Additional pediatric sleep health concepts were generated by expert (n = 8), child (n = 28), and parent (n = 33) concept elicitation interviews and a systematic review of existing pediatric sleep health questionnaires...
April 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644271/venlafaxine-induced-rem-sleep-behavioral-disorder-presenting-as-two-fractures
#10
R Ryan Williams, Gustavo Sandigo
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavioral disorder is characterized by the absence of muscular atonia during REM sleep. In this disorder, patients can violently act out their dreams, placing them at risk for traumatic fractures during these episodes. REM sleep behavioral disorder (RBD) can be a sign of future neurodegenerative disease and has also been found to be a side effect of certain psychiatric medications. We present a case of venlafaxine-induced RBD in a 55 year old female who presented with a 13 year history of intermittent parasomnia and dream enactment in addition to a recent history of two fractures requiring intervention...
October 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622043/aripiprazole-induced-sleep-related-eating-disorder-a-case-report
#11
Nobuyuki Kobayashi, Masahiro Takano
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related eating disorder is characterized by parasomnia with recurrent episodes of nocturnal eating or drinking during the main sleep period. Several drugs, including atypical antipsychotics, induce sleep-related eating disorder. However, aripiprazole has not previously been associated with sleep-related eating disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old Japanese man visited our clinic complaining of depression. The patient was treated with sertraline, which was titrated up to 100 mg for 4 weeks...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609724/did-ren%C3%A3-descartes-have-exploding-head-syndrome
#12
Abidemi Idowu Otaiku
René Descartes (1596-1650), "the Father of Modern Philosophy" and advocate of mind-body dualism, had three successive dreams on November 10, 1619 that changed the trajectory of his life and the trajectory of human thought. Descartes' influential dreams have been of interest to a number of commentators including the famous neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Descartes' second dream in particular, in which he heard a loud noise in his head before seeing a bright flash of light upon awakening, has been discussed extensively...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578489/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-alzheimer-s-disease-definitely-no-relationship
#13
Andrea Galbiati, Giulia Carli, Michael Hensley, Luigi Ferini-Strambi
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a REM sleep parasomnia characterized by the loss of the typical muscular atonia present during healthy REM sleep. RBD can occur in the absence of other neurological conditions or in association with a neurodegenerative disorder. It is now well established that RBD is a strong predictor of neurodegeneration, in particular synucleinopathies, such as Parkinson's disease, Lewy body dementia (LBD), or multiple system atrophy. However, some longitudinal studies report that a minority of patients develop either overlapping form of dementia or Alzheimer disease's (AD)...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557074/common-sleep-psychiatric-and-somatic-problems-according-to-work-schedule-an-internet-survey-in-an-eastern-european-country
#14
Bogdan I Voinescu
PURPOSE: A wide range of health problems was investigated, aiming to identify the presence and severity of a set of self-reported and common sleep, psychiatric, and somatic health problems among working professionals in four different shift schedules (morning, evening, rotating, and day) in several cities in Romania. METHODS: A heterogeneous sample of 488 workers of different professions completed online a battery of tests, namely the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, the Parasomnia Questionnaire, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the Patient Health Questionnaire, designed to identity symptoms of insomnia, sleepiness, snoring, parasomnia, as well as of depression, anxiety, eating, somatoform, and alcohol use disorders, respectively...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549772/can-subjective-sleep-problems-detect-latent-sleep-disorders-among-commercial-drivers
#15
Michael K Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Adam Hege, Sharon Newnam, Sevil Sönmez
INTRODUCTION: Long-haul truck drivers experience poor sleep health and heightened accident rates, and undiagnosed sleep disorders contribute to these negative outcomes. Subjective sleep disorder screening tools may aid in detecting drivers' sleep disorders. This study sought to evaluate the value of subjective screening methods for detecting latent sleep disorders and identifying truck drivers at-risk for poor sleep health and safety-relevant performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from 260 long-haul truck drivers, we: 1) used factor analysis to identify possible latent sleep disorders; 2) explored the construct validity of extracted sleep disorder factors by determining their associations with established sleep disorder risk factors and symptoms; and 3) explored the predictive validity of resulting sleep disorder factors by determining their associations with sleep health and safety-relevant performance...
June 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541053/non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-parasomnias-and-migraine-a-role-of-orexinergic-projections
#16
Antonietta Messina, Ilaria Bitetti, Francesco Precenzano, Diego Iacono, Giovanni Messina, Michele Roccella, Lucia Parisi, Margherita Salerno, Anna Valenzano, Agata Maltese, Monica Salerno, Francesco Sessa, Giuseppe Davide Albano, Rosa Marotta, Ines Villano, Gabriella Marsala, Christian Zammit, Francesco Lavano, Marcellino Monda, Giuseppe Cibelli, Serena Marianna Lavano, Beatrice Gallai, Roberto Toraldo, Vincenzo Monda, Marco Carotenuto
Introduction: Sleep and migraine share a common pathophysiological substrate, although the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The serotonergic and orexinergic systems are both involved in the regulation of sleep/wake cycle, and numerous studies show that both are involved in the migraine etiopathogenesis. These two systems are anatomically and functionally interconnected. Our hypothesis is that in migraine a dysfunction of orexinergic projections on the median raphe (MR) nuclei, interfering with serotonergic regulation, may cause Non-Rapid Eye Movement parasomnias, such as somnambulism...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500758/modification-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Terry Katz, Amy M Shui, Cynthia R Johnson, Amanda L Richdale, Ann M Reynolds, Lawrence Scahill, Beth A Malow
Sleep problems are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and adversely impact daytime functioning. Although no questionnaires have been developed to assess sleep in children with ASD, the 33-item Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) is widely used in this population. We examined the factor structure of the CSHQ in 2872 children (age 4-10 years) enrolled in the Autism Treatment Network. A four-factor solution (Sleep Initiation and Duration, Sleep Anxiety/Co-Sleeping, Night Waking/Parasomnias, and Daytime Alertness) with 5-6 items per factor explained 75% of the total variation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499579/-sleep-disorders-and-impaired-sleep-as-adverse-drug-reactions-of-psychotropic-drugs-an-evaluation-of-data-of-summaries-of-product-characteristics
#18
Maximilian Gahr, Bernhard J Connemann, René Zeiss, Albrecht Fröhlich
OBJECTIVE:  Psychopharmacotherapy is essential in the treatment of many mental disorders. Adverse drug reactions (ADR) have impact on compliance and tolerability. Sleep disorders or impaired sleep may occur as ADRs of psychopharmacotherapy. Sleep disorders are associated with an increased risk for physical and mental illness and may impair cognition, impulse control, emotion regulation and mood. Objective of the following study was the systematic presentation of type and risk of sleep disorders/impairments of sleep of frequently prescribed psychotropic drugs...
March 2, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466944/risk-variants-of-the-%C3%AE-synuclein-locus-and-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-genetic-association-study
#19
Kari Anne Bjørnarå, Lasse Pihlstrøm, Espen Dietrichs, Mathias Toft
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is a heterogeneous disorder where genetic factors may underlie clinical variability. Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia strongly linked to synucleinopathies, including Parkinson's disease. We hypothesized that SNCA variants conferring risk of Parkinson's disease would also predispose to an RBD phenotype. METHODS: We assessed possible RBD (pRBD) status using the RBD screening questionnaire and investigated known susceptibility variants for Parkinson's disease located in the α-synuclein (SNCA) and tau (MAPT) gene loci in 325 Parkinson's disease patients...
February 21, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453926/sleep-disorder-prevalence-in-at-risk-adolescents-and-potential-effects-of-nightmare-triad-syndrome
#20
Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
keyword
keyword
1349
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"