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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456351/quality-of-sleep-and-sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-parkinsonism-a-polysomnography-based-study-from-rural-south-india
#1
Dushyanth Babu Jasti, Sarat Mallipeddi, A Apparao, B Vengamma, Satyarao Kolli, A Mohan
Objective: The objective of this study is to study the quality of sleep, sleep disorders, and polysomnographic profile in Parkinsonism patients from rural areas and to correlate polysomnographic profile with the staging of disease and with sleep questionnaire. Materials and Methods: Between May 2014 and December 2015, 168 Parkinsonism patients were prospectively screened using sleep questionnaire; Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Parkinson Disease Sleep Score-2 (PDSS-2)...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455893/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-to-treat-depression-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Jasmyn E A Cunningham, Colin M Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric illnesses, and it has a profound negative impact on an individual's ability to function. Up to 90% of individuals suffering from depression also report sleep and circadian disruptions. If these disruptions are not effectively resolved over the course of treatment, the likelihood of relapse into depression is greatly increased. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) has shown promise in treating these sleep and circadian disturbances associated with depression, and may be effective as a stand-alone treatment for depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455555/employment-status-is-related-to-sleep-problems-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-no-comorbid-intellectual-impairment
#3
Emma K Baker, Amanda L Richdale, Agnes Hazi
Both sleep problems and unemployment are common in adults with autism spectrum disorder; however, little research has explored this relationship in this population. This study aimed to explore factors that may be associated with the presence of an International Classification of Sleep Disorders-Third Edition defined sleep disorder in adults with autism spectrum disorder (IQ > 80). A total of 36 adults with autism spectrum disorder and 36 controls were included in the study. Participants completed a 14-day actigraphy assessment and questionnaire battery...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455460/one-year-longtudinal-study-found-a-bidirectional-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-disturbance-in-teenage-estonian-girls
#4
L Raudsepp
AIM: Studies have shown that physical activity declines during adolescence, especially among girls. We examined the relationship between changes in physical activity and sleep disturbance over the school year, including any bidirectional relationship between these two factors. METHODS: This longitudinal study focused on teenage girls who had a mean age of 13.2 ±0.2 years at baseline and were drawn from five randomly selected schools in the city of Tartu, Estonia...
February 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453926/sleep-disorder-prevalence-in-at-risk-adolescents-and-potential-effects-of-nightmare-triad-syndrome
#5
Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453745/investigating-the-effectiveness-acceptability-and-impact-on-healthcare-usage-of-providing-a-cognitive-behavioural-based-psychological-therapy-service-for-patients-with-primary-antibody-deficiency
#6
Mari Campbell, Alex Clarke, Andrew Symes, Sarita Workman, Hans Stauss, A David Webster
PURPOSE: Patients with primary antibody deficiency report poorer quality of life and higher rates of anxiety and depression than the general population. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has been shown to be a valuable treatment for patients with other long-term physical health conditions, improving well-being and enabling them to manage their symptoms more effectively. The aim of this project was to establish the feasibility and effectiveness of providing cognitive-behavioral based therapy to patients with primary antibody deficiency...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453034/adult-insecure-attachment-plays-a-role-in-hyperarousal-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-insomnia-disorder
#7
Laura Palagini, Eleonora Petri, Martina Novi, Danila Caruso, Umberto Moretto, Dieter Riemann
Studies show that unhelpful cognitive processes play a role in insomnia, whereas interpersonal factors have been less studied in insomnia. Attachment theory can be used as a cognitive-interpersonal framework for understanding insomnia. Because attachment insecurity (vs security) is related to psychiatric disorders the objective was to study the attachment style in insomnia. To this aim sixty-four subjects with Insomnia Disorder (DSM-5) and 38 good sleepers were evaluate in a cross-sectional study with: Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS), Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS) and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
January 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452128/are-sleep-disturbances-causally-linked-to-the-presence-and-severity-of-psychotic-like-dissociative-and-hypomanic-experiences-in-non-clinical-populations-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jack Barton, Simon D Kyle, Filippo Varese, Steven H Jones, Gillian Haddock
The present review aimed to 1) identify what sleep disturbances co-occur alongside psychotic-like, dissociative and hypomanic experiences; 2) assess the strength of potential associations between the severity of sleep disturbances and of the experiences studied; and 3) appraise evidence for a causal link. MedLine and PsycInfo were searched and 44 studies were deemed eligible. Results showed that insomnia was associated with all individual psychotic-like, dissociative and hypomanic experiences reviewed (effect size range: small-to-large)...
February 13, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451994/stroop-task-related-brain-activity-in-patients-with-insomnia-changes-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#9
Jeong Yeon Hwang, Nambeom Kim, Soohyun Kim, Juhyun Park, Jae-Won Choi, Seog Ju Kim, Chang-Ki Kang, Yu Jin Lee
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: In the present study, we compared differences in brain activity during the Stroop task between patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and good sleepers (GS). Furthermore, we evaluated changes in Stroop task-related brain activity after cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: The final analysis included 21 patients with CID and 25 GS. All participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing the color-word Stroop task...
February 16, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451830/quality-of-life-and-african-american-women-who-are-family-caregivers-a-literature-review-with-implications-for-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-registered-nurses
#10
Shaquita A Starks, Freida Outlaw, J Carolyn Graff, Wendy Likes, Shelley White-Means, Laura Melaro, Mona N Wicks
PURPOSE: To identify factors affecting the quality of life (QOL) of African American women (AAW) family caregivers of individuals with kidney failure. METHODS: Ferrans' Conceptual Model of QOL provided the framework for this literature review. Included studies were (a) peer- reviewed, (b) published within the last ten years, (c) written in English, and (d) examined QOL of AAW family caregivers. Using CINAHL© and PubMed©, we found 14 studies that described factors associated with these caregivers' QOL...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449026/validity-of-a-single-ptsd-checklist-item-to-screen-for-insomnia-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#11
Elizabeth C Parsons, Catherine L Hough, Michael V Vitiello, Brian Palen, Douglas Zatzick, Dimitry S Davydow
BACKGROUND: There is no insomnia screening tool validated in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. OBJECTIVES: To examine the validity of a single item from the PTSD checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C) to detect insomnia by Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a longitudinal investigation in 120 medical-surgical ICU survivors. At 1 year post-ICU, patients completed ISI, PCL-C, and Medical Short-Form 12 (SF-12) by telephone...
February 12, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448003/increased-hippocampal-prefrontal-functional-connectivity-in-insomnia
#12
Jeanne Leerssen, Rick Wassing, Jennifer R Ramautar, Diederick Stoffers, Oti Lakbila-Kamal, Joy Perrier, Jessica Bruijel, Jessica C Foster-Dingley, Moji Aghajani, Eus J W van Someren
Insomnia Disorder (ID) is the second-most common mental disorder and has a far-reaching impact on daytime functioning. A meta-analysis indicates that, of all cognitive domains, declarative memory involving the hippocampus is most affected in insomnia. Hippocampal functioning has consistently been shown to be sensitive to experimental sleep deprivation. Insomnia however differs from sleep deprivation in many aspects, and findings on hippocampal structure and function have been equivocal. The present study used both structural and resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a larger sample than previously reported to evaluate hippocampal volume and functional connectivity in ID...
February 12, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447647/association-of-pemphigus-and-systemic-corticosteroid-use-with-comorbid-health-disorders-a-case-control-study
#13
Derek Y Hsu, Joaquin Brieva, Beatrice Nardone, Dennis West, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is a group of debilitating autoimmune blistering disorders associated with painful blisters of the skin and/or mucous membranes. Identification and management of the comorbiditiesof pemphigus is critically important to minimize morbidity and decrease mortality. OBJECTIVE: To identify the comorbid health conditions of pemphigus vulgaris. METHODS: This was a case-control study of 130 cases of pemphigus verified by a clinical and laboratory diagnosis and 390 age and sex-matched controls with complete follow-up at a large metropolitanquaternary care medical center...
December 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445534/delayed-sleep-wake-phase-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Alexander D Nesbitt
Delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD) is the most commonly encountered of the circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSDs), and is often confused with sleep initiation insomnia. It typically emerges in teenage years and persists into adulthood. In essence, people with the disorder have an abnormally delayed major sleep episode relative to the dark phase of the solar cycle, and hence great difficulty initiating sleep at an appropriately early time, and, as a knock-on effect, waking at a desirable time in the morning, leading to chronic, and often quite severe sleep restriction trying to conform to a 9 to 5 schedule...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445533/insomnia-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-how-to-assess-your-patient-and-why-it-should-be-a-standard-part-of-care
#15
REVIEW
Kirstie N Anderson
Hippocrates recognized the importance of asking about sleep as long ago as 400 BC when he wrote " sleep and watchfulness, both of them when immoderate, constitute disease ". Disrupted sleep for any reason has immediate and long term consequences on physical and mental health. Insomnia disorder ("immoderate watchfulness") remains the commonest sleep disorder in primary and secondary care with an estimated 5-10% of the adult population affected. While it is commonly comorbid with other physical and mental health problems, the new diagnostic classification has been helpfully simplified such that it is considered a disorder in itself...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445409/suvorexant-for-insomnia-in-older-adults-a-perspective-review
#16
REVIEW
Rajesh R Tampi, Geetha Manikkara, Silpa Balachandran, Piyush Taparia, Stephanie Hrisko, Shilpa Srinivasan, Deena J Tampi
The aim of this review was to identify published randomized control trials (RCTs) that evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of suvorexant for the treatment of insomnia among older adults (≥65 years). A literature search was conducted of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cochrane collaboration databases for RCTs in any language evaluating suvorexant for the treatment of insomnia in older adults. Additionally, references of full-text articles that were included in this review were searched for further studies...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445307/sleep-problems-during-the-menopausal-transition-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Fiona C Baker, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Ian M Colrain, Bei Bei
A substantial number of women experience sleep difficulties in the approach to menopause and beyond, with 26% experiencing severe symptoms that impact daytime functioning, qualifying them for a diagnosis of insomnia. Here, we review both self-report and polysomnographic evidence for sleep difficulties in the context of the menopausal transition, considering severity of sleep complaints and links between hot flashes (HFs) and depression with poor sleep. Longitudinal population-based studies show that sleep difficulties are uniquely linked with menopausal stage and changes in follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol, over and above the effects of age...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440804/prevalence-and-severity-of-sleep-disturbances-among-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#18
Rami Fakih, Mahmoud Rahal, Lara Hilal, Lana Hamieh, Mohammed Dany, Simone Karam, Latifa Shehab, Nagi S El Saghir, Arafat Tfayli, Ziad Salem, Hazem Assi, Sally Temraz, Ali Shamseddine, Deborah Mukherji
Context: Data regarding health-related quality of life in breast cancer patients in the Middle East are limited with fatigue and sleep disturbance being the most distressing symptoms reported by patients treated for early breast cancer. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and incidence of insomnia among patients with early-stage breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. Subjects and Methods: This was a prospective cohort study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439326/is-there-a-characteristic-clinical-profile-for-patients-with-dementia-and-sundown-syndrome
#19
David Angulo Sevilla, María Teresa Carreras Rodríguez, Patricia Heredia Rodríguez, Marisa Fernández Sánchez, José Aurelio Vivancos Mora, Ana Beatriz Gago-Veiga
BACKGROUND: Sundown syndrome (SS) is the onset or worsening of behavioral symptoms in the evening in patients with dementia. OBJECTIVE: To identify the differential clinical profile of patients with dementia who present SS. METHODS: A cross-sectional, case-control observational study was conducted by retrospectively reviewing the medical records of patients with dementia in a specialized Memory Unit. We compared the characteristics of patients with and without SS, including sociodemographic variables, etiology, and severity of the dementia, behavioral symptoms, sleep disorders (considering insomnia and hypersomnia), other diseases and treatments employed...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438435/population-based-validation-of-a-german-version-of-the-brief-resilience-scale
#20
Andrea Chmitorz, Mario Wenzel, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Angela Kunzler, Christiana Bagusat, Isabella Helmreich, Anna Gerlicher, Miriam Kampa, Thomas Kubiak, Raffael Kalisch, Klaus Lieb, Oliver Tüscher
Smith and colleagues developed the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) to assess the individual ability to recover from stress despite significant adversity. This study aimed to validate the German version of the BRS. We used data from a population-based (sample 1: n = 1.481) and a representative (sample 2: n = 1.128) sample of participants from the German general population (age ≥ 18) to assess reliability and validity. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to compare one- and two-factorial models from previous studies with a method-factor model which especially accounts for the wording of the items...
2018: PloS One
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