keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525320/sexual-and-reproductive-health-priorities-of-adolescent-girls-in-lagos-nigeria-findings-from-free-listing-interviews
#1
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Donaldson Conserve, Patricia Iwelunmor, John E Ehiri
Background Adolescent girls in Nigeria experience a disproportionately high burden of sexual and reproductive health disparities that affect their well-being. Yet, little is known about adolescent girls' own unique perspectives of the sexual and reproductive health challenges they face, and possible solutions to these challenges. Aims To explore top sexual and reproductive health concerns of female adolescents in Nigeria and their perceptions regarding potential solutions to these issues. Methods Eighty adolescent girls attending two public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria completed individual free-listing interviews...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522794/casual-or-causal-two-unique-cases-of-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Faizan Malik, Naveed Ali, Syed Imran Mustafa Jafri, Christian Fidler
BACKGROUND Immunosuppressive diseases and therapies have long been connected to risk of malignancies, especially lymphoma. With some diseases and drugs, the association is well established but the data is mostly anecdotal because of the rarity of the situation. CASE REPORT We present 2 rare cases. The first patient had psoriasis, was on etanercept, and developed Hodgkin's lymphoma. This case is rare because psoriasis and etanercept do not usually cause lymphoma, and if they do, it is predominantly Epstein-Barr virus-positive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506566/trends-in-racial-ethnic-disparities-of-new-aids-diagnoses-in-the-united-states-1984-2013
#3
Johanna Chapin-Bardales, Eli Samuel Rosenberg, Patrick Sean Sullivan
PURPOSE: In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) disproportionately impacts racial/ethnic minorities. We describe and evaluate trends in the Black-White and Hispanic-White disparities of new AIDS diagnoses from 1984 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: AIDS diagnosis rates by race/ethnicity for people ≥13 years were calculated using national HIV surveillance and Census data. Black-White and Hispanic-White disparities were measured as rate ratios...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496958/prevalence-of-hiv-aids-among-iranian-prisoners-a-review-article
#4
REVIEW
Morteza Akbari, Maryam Akbari, Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami, Hassan Joulaei, Maryam Nasiriyan, Maryam Hesampour, Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, prisoners are more at risk of being infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as hepatitis C and B in comparison with other risk groups. The combination of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), addiction and prison are factors that threaten the health of our society. Influence of risky behaviors is so common on transmission of AIDS into prisoners' bodies. This study used available information and reports to investigate the prevalence of HIV in Iranian prisons...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482964/the-sensitivity-of-the-quantiferon-%C3%A2-tb-gold-plus-assay-in-zambian-adults-with-active-tuberculosis
#5
L Telisinghe, M Amofa-Sekyi, K Maluzi, D Kaluba-Milimo, M Cheeba-Lengwe, K Chiwele, B Kosloff, S Floyd, S-L Bailey, H Ayles
SETTING AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sensitivity of the new interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), QuantiFERON®-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus), for active TB (used as a surrogate for latent tuberculous infection) in a Zambian TB clinic. DESIGN: Consecutive smear or Xpert® MTB/RIF-positive adult (age 18 years) pulmonary TB patients were recruited between June 2015 and March 2016. Venous blood was tested using QFT-Plus. The sensitivity was defined as the number positive divided by the total number tested...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482505/sirna-nanoparticle-conjugate-in-gene-silencing-a-future-cure-to-deadly-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Rituparna Acharya, Suman Saha, Sayantan Ray, Sugata Hazra, Manoj K Mitra, Jui Chakraborty
Alzheimers, cancer, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are considered to be some of the most deadly diseases of the 21st century on account of their severity and rapid increase in the number of affected population and with scarce cases of recovery, they still remain a troubling paradox. Specifically, with millions of cancer patients worldwide and lack of proper cure for the same, understanding the deadly disease at the molecular level and planning a therapeutic strategy in the same line is the need of the hour...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480270/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-aspirin-effects-on-immune-activation-in-chronically-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-on-virologically-suppressive-antiretroviral-therapy
#7
Meagan P O'Brien, Peter W Hunt, Douglas W Kitch, Karin Klingman, James H Stein, Nicholas T Funderburg, Jeffrey S Berger, Pablo Tebas, Brian Clagett, Daniela Moisi, Netanya S Utay, Fran Aweeka, Judith A Aberg
BACKGROUND: Immune activation persists despite suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and predicts non-Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) comorbidities including cardiovascular disease. Activated platelets play a key role in atherothrombosis and inflammation, and platelets are hyperactivated in chronic HIV infection. Aspirin is a potent inhibitor of platelet activation through the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) pathway. We hypothesized that platelet activation contributes to immune activation and that aspirin would reduce immune activation and improve endothelial function in ART-suppressed HIV-infected individuals...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479741/effect-of-naringenin-a-naturally-occurring-flavanone-against-pilocarpine-induced-status-epilepticus-and-oxidative-stress-in-mice
#8
Sheeba Shakeel, Muneeb U Rehman, Nahida Tabassum, Umar Amin, Manzoor Ur Rahman Mir
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures. It is a very common disease in which approximately 30% of patients do not respond favourably to treatment with anticonvulsants. Oxidative stress is associated with neuronal damage arising from epileptic seizures. The present study investigated the effects of naringenin in pilocarpine-induced epilepsy in mice. Naringenin, one of the most frequently occurring flavanone in citrus fruits, was evaluated for its shielding effect against the pilocarpine induced behavioural, oxidative and histopathological alterations in rodent model of epilepsy...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476105/case-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-hiv-infected-patient-revealed-by-nasal-involvement-with-maxillary-osteolysis
#9
A C Lehur, M Zielinski, J Pluvy, V Grégoire, S Diamantis, A Bleibtreu, C Rioux, A Picard, D Vallois
BACKGROUND: Disseminated Histoplasmosis (DH) is a rare manifestation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in European countries. Naso-maxillar osteolysis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc) is unusual in endemic countries and has never been reported in European countries. Differential diagnoses such as malignant tumors, cocaine use, granulomatosis, vasculitis and infections are more frequently observed and could delay and/or bias the final diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an immunocompromised patient infected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with naso-maxillar histoplasmosis in a non-endemic country...
May 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474549/haart-in-hiv-aids-treatments-future-trends
#10
Da Yong Lu, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Bin Xu, Jian Ding, Ting-Ren Lu, Hong Ying Wu
AIDS (acquired immune deficient syndrome) is a deadly human viral infectious disease caused by HIV (human immune-deficient virus) infection. Almost every AIDS patient losses his/her life before mid 1990s. AIDS was once the 1st disease killer in US (1993). After one decade hard work, antiviral drug cocktails-high active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) have been invented for almost all HIV infection treatments. Due to the invention of HAART, 80-90% HIV/AIDS patients still effectively response to HAART for deadly AIDS episode controls and life saving...
May 5, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471983/hospitalizations-of-hiv-patients-in-a-major-israeli-hiv-aids-center-during-the-years-2000-to-2012
#11
Keren Mahlab-Guri, Ilan Asher, Shira Bezalel-Rosenberg, Daniel Elbirt, Zev M Sthoeger
To evaluate hospitalization rates and causes among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients in the late highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. Data during the years 2000 to 2012 were obtained from hospital/clinical charts. Hospitalizations were defined as a ≥24 hours hospital admission. Obstetric admissions were excluded. Causes of hospitalizations were defined as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining illnesses, AIDS-related diseases (HAART adverse events, metabolic complications and non-AIDS-defining tumors/infections), and non-HIV-related diseases...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467444/human-cytomegalovirus-glycoprotein-polymorphisms-and-increasing-viral-load-in-aids-patients
#12
Xiao-Jing Jiang, Jun Zhang, Yong Xiong, Gerhard Jahn, Hai-Rong Xiong, Zhan-Qiu Yang, Yuan-Yuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Multiple strains infection of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) was found to be correlated with increased viral load in immunodeficient patients. However, the pathogenic mechanism underlying this correlation remains unclear. To evaluate genetic polymorphisms of HCMV glycoprotein and their potential role in its viral load, HCMV glycoprotein B, N, and O (gB, gN and gO) genotypes was studied in the population of HCMV infected acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. The association between glycoprotein polymorphisms and HCMV viral load was analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465838/a-critical-review-of-the-evidence-concerning-the-hiv-latency-reversing-effect-of-disulfiram-the-possible-explanations-for-its-inability-to-reduce-the-size-of-the-latent-reservoir-in-vivo-and-the-caveats-associated-with-its-use-in-practice
#13
REVIEW
Harry D J Knights
Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) effectively suppresses the replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), improves immune function, and decreases the morbidity of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, it is unable to eradicate the virus because it does not eliminate latently infected cells. The latent reservoir poses the major barrier to an HIV-1 cure. The "shock and kill" strategy aims to reactivate the virus and destroy latently infected cells. Many latency reversing agents (LRAs) reactivate HIV in vitro, but the absence of damaging side-effects and efficacy in vivo make disulfiram particularly promising...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456686/the-dual-modulatory-effects-of-efavirenz-on-gabaa-receptors-are-mediated-via-two-distinct-sites
#14
Renqi Huang, Zhenglan Chen, Sean Dolan, John A Schetz, Glenn H Dillon
Efavirenz is a widely prescribed medicine used to treat type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), the most prevalent pathogenic strain of the virus responsible for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic. Under prescribed dosing conditions, either alone or in combination therapy, efavirenz-induced CNS disturbances are frequently reported. Efavirenz was recently reported to interact in a similar concentration range with a number of receptors, transporters and ion channels including recombinant rat α1β2γ2 GABAA receptors whose actions were potentiated (Gatch et al...
April 27, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439420/an-unusual-cause-of-fatal-rapid-onset-ataxia-plus-syndrome
#15
Ivan Kmezic, Jan Weinberg, Dan Hauzenberger, Farouk Hashim, Evangelia Kollia, Monika Klimkowska, Inger Nennesmo, Martin Paucar
BACKGROUND: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system caused by reactivation of the JC-virus and is in most cases associated with underlying immunosuppression. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and hematological malignancies are well-known predisposing factors for PML. However, in the past ten years, various pharmacological agents have been associated with increased risk of PML. Based on the phenomenology PML can be divided into the cerebral form and the rare cerebellar form...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438442/molecular-identification-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-and-encephalitozoon-spp-in-immunodeficient-patients-in-ahvaz-southwest-of-iran
#16
Mehdi Tavalla, Masoumeh Mardani-Kateki, Rahman Abdizadeh, Roohangiz Nashibi, Abdollah Rafie, Shahram Khademvatan
Microsporidia are often considered as an opportunistic infection in patients with impaired immune systems such as transplant recipients and patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Due to the increasing prevalence of parasitic infections and immunodeficiency diseases; the aim of the study is to evaluate molecular identification of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. in immunodeficient patients in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. At first, 310 stool samples were collected from patients with immunodeficiency...
April 21, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429308/chronic-candidiasis-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Laura Green, William K Dolen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Healthy children may develop candidal infections as the result of exposure to antibiotics or corticosteroids, but chronic candidiasis in children after the newborn period is unusual. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) refers to a group of conditions characterized by recurrent or persistent infections with Candida species, particularly Candida albicans. CMC is a phenotype observed in a spectrum of immunologic disorders, some with endocrinologic and autoimmune features...
May 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410768/-small-fiber-neuropathy
#18
V Langlois, A-L Bedat Millet, M Lebesnerais, S Miranda, F Marguet, Y Benhamou, P Marcorelles, H Lévesque
Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is still unknown. Characterised by neuropathic pain, it typically begins by burning feet, but could take many other expression. SFN affects the thinly myelinated Aδ and unmyelinated C-fibers, by an inherited or acquired mechanism, which could lead to paresthesia, thermoalgic disorder or autonomic dysfunction. Recent studies suggest the preponderant role of ion channels such as Nav1.7. Furthermore, erythromelalgia or burning mouth syndrome are now recognized as real SFN. Various aetiologies of SFN are described...
April 11, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#19
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380114/morphological-changes-in-the-digestive-system-of-322-necropsies-of-patients-with-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-comparison-of-findings-pre-and-post-haart-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Lucinda Calheiros Guimarães, Ana Cristina Araújo Lemos da Silva, Adilha Misson Rua Micheletti, Everton Nunes Melo Moura, Mario Léon Silva-Vergara, Sebastião Tostes, Sheila Jorge Adad
Involvement of the digestive system in AIDS pathologies or injuries is frequent. Aiming at comparing the frequency, the importance that these lesions have for death and the survival time in patients using or not using HAART, we studied 322 necropsies classified as follows: Group A - without antiretroviral drugs (185 cases); B - one or two antiretroviral drugs or HAART for less than six months (83 cases); C - HAART for six months or longer (54 cases). In the overall analysis of the digestive system, changes were present in 73...
April 3, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
keyword
keyword
13476
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"