Read by QxMD icon Read


Petr Zach, Petra Zimmelová, Jana Mrzílková, Martina Kutová
We present here significant difference in the evocation capability between sensory memories (visual, taste, and olfactory) throughout certain categories of the population. As object for this memory recall we selected French fries that are simple and generally known. From daily life we may intuitively feel that there is much better recall of the visual and auditory memory compared to the taste and olfactory ones. Our results in young (age 12-21 years) mostly females and some males show low capacity for smell and taste memory recall compared to far greater visual memory recall...
2018: BioMed Research International
Gordon Parker, Amelia Paterson, Mia Romano, Isabelle Granville Smith
OBJECTIVES: To increase awareness of the sensory changes experienced during hypo/manic and depressive states by those with a bipolar disorder and determine if the prevalence of such features is similar across differing bipolar sub-types. METHODS: We interviewed 66 patients who acknowledged sensory changes during hypo/manic states. They were allocated to bipolar I, bipolar II and soft bipolar diagnostic categories and the prevalence of 10 differing sensory changes was quantified during hypo/manic and depressive phases...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Erum Saleem Khan, Reeta Chander Parkash
Fibroid in pregnancy is common in clinical obstetric practice.There are conflicting reports in the literature on many so-called fibroid complications in pregnancy, and there are inadequate data on the optimum management strategy. We present a case of a pregnancy with large fibroid which was uneventful till delivery but ended in immediate postpartum complication of fibroid degenerating and prolapsing into vagina dealt with myomectomy at day 30 postnatal. Initially managed conservatively with intrauterine balloon tamponade and anaemia correction and discharged home...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ashiq Hussain, Mo Zhang, Habibe K Üçpunar, Thomas Svensson, Elsa Quillery, Nicolas Gompel, Rickard Ignell, Ilona C Grunwald Kadow
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002454.].
March 2018: PLoS Biology
Marco Alexander Fraatz, Michael Goldmann, Torsten Geissler, Egon Gross, Michael Backes, Jens-Michael Hilmer, Jakob Ley, Johanna Rost, Alexander Francke, Holger Zorn
A number of methyl-branched aldehydes impart interesting flavor impressions, and especially 12-methyltridecanal is a highly sought after flavoring compound for savory foods. Its smell is reminiscent of cooked meat and tallow. For the biotechnological production of 12-methyltridecanal, the literature was screened for fungi forming iso-fatty acids. Suitable organisms were identified and successfully grown in submerged cultures. The culture medium was optimized to increase the yields of branched fatty acids. A recombinant carboxylic acid reductase was used to reduce 12-methyltridecanoic acid to 12-methyltridecanal...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Godwin Sokpor, Eman Abbas, Joachim Rosenbusch, Jochen F Staiger, Tran Tuoc
The postnatal mammalian olfactory epithelium (OE) represents a major aspect of the peripheral olfactory system. It is a pseudostratified tissue that originates from the olfactory placode and is composed of diverse cells, some of which are specialized receptor neurons capable of transducing odorant stimuli to afford the perception of smell (olfaction). The OE is known to offer a tractable miniature model for studying the systematic generation of neurons and glia that typify neural tissue development. During OE development, stem/progenitor cells that will become olfactory sensory neurons and/or non-neuronal cell types display fine spatiotemporal expression of neuronal and non-neuronal genes that ensures their proper proliferation, differentiation, survival, and regeneration...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Runak Ghobadi, Rasoul Mohammadi, Javaher Chabavizade, Masoud Sami
Background: Ganoderma lucidum from Ganodermataceae family is a kind of mushroom known to have various therapeutic properties such as lowering high blood sugar and high blood pressure, boosting the immune system as well as its antibacterial and antioxidant effects. Materials and Methods: this study investigated the oxidative stability, microbial and sensory properties of sausage at three different treatments; (i) 1% w/w Ganoderma lucidum powder (GLP) without nitrite as a food preservative (P), (ii) 0...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Milica Ljaljević Grbić, Nikola Unković, Ivica Dimkić, Peđa Janaćković, Milan Gavrilović, Olja Stanojević, Miloš Stupar, Ljubodrag Vujisić, Aleksa Jelikić, Slaviša Stanković, Jelena Vukojević
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oils obtained from resins of Boswellia carteri Birdw. and Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl., commonly known as frankincense and true myrrh respectively, have been used extensively since 2800 B.C. for the treatment of skin sores, wounds, teeth, inflammation, and urinary tract diseases in traditional medicine; for preparation of mummification balms and unguents; and also as incense and perfumes. Since ancient times, burning of frankincense and myrrh in places of worship for spiritual purposes and contemplation (a ubiquitous practice across various religions) had hygienic functions, to refine the smell and reduce contagion by purifying the indoor air...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kimberly R Warren, Heidi J Wehring, Fang Liu, Robert P McMahon, Shuo Chen, Charlene Chester, Deanna L Kelly
Overweight and obesity in schizophrenia are prevalent, affecting half to three-quarters of people with schizophrenia. Hyperphagia and increased meal size have also been implicated as significant contributors to the weight gain problem. Oxytocin has shown to play a role in appetite control in humans and is considered an anorexigenic peptide. This two-day, within-subjects, challenge study involved the examination of satiety after administration of 24 IU oxytocin (intranasal) vs. placebo in participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (N = 16)...
March 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Pauline Uí Dhuibhir, Noelle Collura, Declan Walsh
Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are frequently prescribed for those at risk of malnutrition. Palatability is an important factor in long-term compliance. ONS selection is typically dietitian led, but the degree to which individual perceptions of palatability influence dietitian clinical decision making is unclear. This study aimed to explore factors that influence dietitians' ONS clinical practice, evaluate dietitian hedonic preferences and overall impression of specific ONS products, and study phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) sensitivity in relation to ONS hedonic ratings...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Oda Bjørklund, Jay Belsky, Lars Wichstrøm, Silje Steinsbekk
Children's eating behavior influences energy intake and thus weight through choices of type and amount of food. One type of eating behavior, food responsiveness, defined as eating in response to external cues such as the sight and smell of food, is particularly related to increased caloric intake and weight. Because little is known about the potential determinants of such behavior, we focus herein on child and parent predictors of food responsiveness in a large community sample of Norwegian 6-year-olds, followed up at ages 8 and 10...
March 8, 2018: Developmental Psychology
Juliane Bräuer, Julia Belger
There has been a growing interest in the cognitive skills of domestic dogs, but most current knowledge about dogs' understanding of their environment is limited to the visual or auditory modality. Although it is well known that dogs have an excellent olfactory sense and that they rely on olfaction heavily when exploring the environment or recognizing individuals, it remains unclear whether dogs perceive odors as representing specific objects. In the current study, we examined this aspect of dogs' perception of the world...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Comparative Psychology
C Fischer-Tenhagen, V Theby, V Krömker, W Heuwieser
Fast and accurate identification of disease-causing pathogens is essential for specific antimicrobial therapy in human and veterinary medicine. In these experiments, dogs were trained to identify Staphylococcus aureus and differentiate it from other common mastitis-causing pathogens by smell. Headspaces from agar plates, inoculated raw milk samples, or field samples collected from cows with Staphylococcus aureus and other mastitis-causing pathogens were used for training and testing. The ability to learn the specific odor of Staphylococcus aureus in milk depended on the concentration of the pathogens in the training samples...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Govindaraju Archunan
Olfaction is an important mechanism by which humans and animals communicate with environment. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) play crucial role in the olfactory mechanism. Here, we briefly discuss about the role of OBPs and their importance in industrial, pest management and therapeutic developments.
2018: Bioinformation
Rhea Choi, Bradley J Goldstein
Disorders causing a loss of the sense of smell remain a therapeutic challenge. Basic research has, however, greatly expanded our knowledge of the organization and function of the olfactory system. This review describes advances in our understanding of the cellular components of the peripheral olfactory system, specifically the olfactory epithelium in the nose. The article discusses recent findings regarding the mechanisms involved in regeneration and cellular renewal from basal stem cells in the adult olfactory epithelium, considering the strategies involved in embryonic olfactory development and insights from research on other stem cell niches...
February 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Jessica Mitchell, Michael A Cant, Emma I K Vitikainen, Hazel J Nichols
Preference for uninfected mates is presumed beneficial as it minimizes one's risk of contracting an infection and infecting one's offspring. In avian systems, visual ornaments are often used to indicate parasite burdens and facilitate mate choice. However, in mammals, olfactory cues have been proposed to act as a mechanism allowing potential mates to be discriminated by infection status. The effect of infection upon mammalian mate choice is mainly studied in captive rodents where experimental trials support preference for the odors of uninfected mates and some data suggest scent marking is reduced in individuals with high infection burdens...
June 2017: Current Zoology
Ilker Deniz Cingoz, Ceren Kizmazoglu, Gonul Guvenc, Murat Sayin, Abdulkadir Imre, Nurullah Yuceer
The aim of this study was to evaluate the olfactory function of patients who had undergone endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. In this prospective study, the "Sniffin' Sticks" test was performed between June 2016 and April 2017 at Izmir Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital. Thirty patients who were scheduled to undergo endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery were evaluated preoperatively and 8 weeks postoperatively using the Sniffin' Sticks test battery for olfactory function, odor threshold, smell discrimination, and odor identification...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sophia C Poletti, Gustavo Murta, Antje Hähner, Thomas Hummel
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we introduce an extension of previous work by Soler et al. (Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 6(3):293-298, 2016) on a modified endoscopic scoring system of the Lund-Kennedy Score (focusing on the olfactory cleft) to evaluate its correlation with the olfactory function in patients with various smell disorders. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two-hundred and eighty-eight participants were included and categorized in five groups according to the cause of their olfactory disorder: (0) control, (1) idiopathic, (2) sino-nasal, (3) postinfectious and (4) post traumatic olfactory loss...
February 27, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mohamad Z Saltagi, Cyrus C Rabbani, Jonathan Y Ting, Thomas S Higgins
BACKGROUND: Interest in the pathophysiology and management of phantom smells has increased rapidly over the last decade. A PubMed search for the term "phantosmia" demonstrated a near-doubling of articles published on phantosmia within the past 7 years. We aimed to systematically review the literature on the management of phantosmia. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for articles published since January 1990, using terms combined with pertinent Boolean search operators...
February 27, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Kyoko Hara, Seiji Yoshitomi, Hisashi Tsuji
A 66-years-old woman was referred to our hospital with the chief complaint of a huge exposed left breast mass, associated massive exudates, bleedingand foul-smelling discharge. Invasive ductal carcinoma was diagnosed by core needle biopsy. The computed tomography showed left axillary lymph node metastases and no distant metastasis. Her performance status(PS) was Grade 3. She had serious comorbidities such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver cirrhosis, renal dysfunction. DMpC therapy and Mohs paste therapy were started since her overall status was improved...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"