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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647972/-relationship-between-pesticide-exposure-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-reproductive-couples-in-rural-areas-of-china
#1
Y M Qu, S Chen, J J Li, R R Jin, H Pan, Y Jiang
Objective: To analyze the association between pesticide exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes in women from the rural areas of China. Methods: Data of "National Free Preconception Health Examination Project (NFPHEP)" from January 2010 to December 2012 was used for analysis. A total of 248 501 families that were planning to deliver a baby in the next 6 months were enrolled. Data on paternal exposure to pesticides before or during pregnancy was collected through questionnaires, with related outcomes on pregnancy recorded by doctors...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641378/staff-perceptions-of-key-factors-guiding-nursing-home-search-and-selection-within-the-veterans-health-administration
#2
Edward Alan Miller, Stefanie Gidmark, Emily Gadbois, James L Rudolph, Orna Intrator
Background and Objectives: Veterans enter nursing homes (NHs) for short-term postacute, rehabilitation, respite, or end-of-life care. They also enter NHs on a long-term basis due to frailty, disability, functional deficits, and cognitive impairment. Little is known about how a particular NH is chosen once the decision to enter a NH has been made. This study identified VA staff perceptions of the key factors influencing the search and selection of NHs within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)...
June 21, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639878/exploring-the-phenotype-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-aid-the-prediction-of-those-at-risk-of-transitioning-to-parkinson-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#3
Jennifer Y Y Szeto, Glenda M Halliday, Sharon L Naismith, Simon J G Lewis
To date, only limited research has concurrently investigated the presence of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and other features associated with Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) in people presenting with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). As a first step towards a longitudinal research project, the present study explored the relationships between MCI, RBD, and depression in 108 older adults who presented with subjective memory complaints but were not known to have a neurodegenerative condition...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634803/a-method-for-reducing-environmental-pollution-by-using-essential-oils-in-rodent-pest-management-program
#4
Goran Jokić, Tanja Blažić, Rada Đurović-Pejčev, Tijana Đorđević, Suzana Đedović, Marina Vukša
Strong-smelling plant extracts, such as essential oils, have a variety of feeding effects on mammals. Considering current concerns over long-term health issues and environmental effects of chemicals, plant-based products with repellent or antifungal activities may represent good solutions for improvement of rodent pest control programs. The present study was therefore focused on examining the effects of bergamot, lavender, and thyme essential oils as additional bait components on daily intakes of cereal-based baits by wild house mice...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633628/olfactory-testing-in-consecutive-patients-referred-with-suspected-dementia
#5
Ib Thrane Christensen, Elna-Marie Larsson, Ida E Holm, Ole B F Nielsen, Stig Andersen
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and early and accurate diagnosis is important. Olfactory dysfunction is an early sign of AD. The contribution by test of olfactory function has been surveyed in AD vs a line of conditions but remains to be settled in the workup of unselected patients referred with suspected dementia. METHODS: We performed a two-step investigation: first, a comparative study of healthy controls and probable AD patients to test the applicability of the chosen scents (cuisine study); second, a study of consecutive patients referred to our geriatric outpatient clinic for suspected dementia with the investigating personnel blinded to the results of the Olfactory Test (blinded study)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631840/the-effect-of-infant-vocalization-in-alloparental-responsiveness-of-common-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus
#6
Maricele Nascimento Barbosa, Maria Teresa da Silva Mota, Marcela Nascimento Barbosa
Among mammals, alloparental care can be influenced by hormones as well as by previous experience and sensory stimuli from the infants, such as sight and sound, smell, and physical contact with the infant. To determine the responsiveness of common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) nonreproductive females and males with and without previous experience in caretaking to infant sensory cues, we exposed 12 females and 12 males to vocalization recordings for 10 min under two conditions: (1) exposure to adult conspecific vocalization recordings, and (2) exposure to infant vocalization recordings...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624427/a-case-grafted-with-polyglycolic-acid-sheets-and-fibrin-glue-for-protection-after-temporary-resection-of-a-metastatic-cervical-skin-tumor
#7
Takashi Matsuzuka, Masahiro Suzuki, Masakazu Ikeda, Kaoru Sato, Junko Fujimoto, Rumi Hosaka, Yuko Tanji, Shu Soeda, Shigeyuki Murono
The aim of this case report was to evaluate the usefulness of a grafting with polyglycolic acid sheet and a fibrin glue spray (PGA sheet grafting) after resection of a cervical skin tumor. A 61-year-old woman presented with left cervical skin tumor resistance to chemo-radiotherapy. She had been undergoing multimodal therapy for ovarian serous papillary adenocarcinoma for the previous six years. Although she had a poor general condition and a cervical skin tumor of 9cm in diameter, which was painful and easy bleeding, had offensive smell, she hoped to return to her job...
June 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623665/position-paper-on-olfactory-dysfunction
#8
T Hummel, K L Whitcroft, P Andrews, A Altundag, C Cinghi, R M Costanzo, M Damm, J Frasnelli, H Gudziol, N Gupta, A Haehner, E Holbrook, S C Hong, D Hornung, K B Hüttenbrink, R Kamel, M Kobayashi, I Konstantinidis, B N Landis, D A Leopold, A Macchi, T Miwa, R Moesges, J Mullol, C A Mueller, G Ottaviano, G C Passali, C Philpott, J M Pinto, V J Ramakrishnan, P Rombaux, Y Roth, R A Schlosser, B Shu, G Soler, P Stjärne, B A Stuck, J Vodicka, A Welge-Luessen
BACKGROUND: Olfactory dysfunction is an increasingly recognised condition, associated with reduced quality of life and major health outcomes such as neurodegeneration and death. However, translational research in this field is limited by heterogeneity in methodological approach, including definitions of impairment, improvement and appropriate assessment techniques. Accordingly, effective treatments for smell loss are limited. In an effort to encourage high quality and comparable work in this field, among others, we propose the following ideas and recommendations...
June 17, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623343/data-driven-nanomechanical-sensing-specific-information-extraction-from-a-complex-system
#9
Kota Shiba, Ryo Tamura, Gaku Imamura, Genki Yoshikawa
Smells are known to be composed of thousands of chemicals with various concentrations, and thus, the extraction of specific information from such a complex system is still challenging. Herein, we report for the first time that the nanomechanical sensing combined with machine learning realizes the specific information extraction, e.g. alcohol content quantification as a proof-of-concept, from the smells of liquors. A newly developed nanomechanical sensor platform, a Membrane-type Surface stress Sensor (MSS), was utilized...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621763/why-don-t-more-smokers-switch-to-using-e-cigarettes-the-views-of-confirmed-smokers
#10
Neil McKeganey, Tiffany Dickson
Whilst e-cigarettes have been characterised by Public Health England as being around 95% less harmful than combustible tobacco products, only a minority of current smokers (around 16% within the UK) are using these devices. In this paper we report the results of an online survey of 650 smokers in contact with a smokers' rights group in the UK. A total of 91% of the smokers surveyed were smoking on a daily basis. Fifty nine percent reported having used electronic nicotine delivery systems, the majority of whom reported having used e-cigarettes...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620440/feeling-cold-and-other-underestimated-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-anecdotes-or-individual-profiles-for-advanced-patient-stratification
#11
REVIEW
Olga Golubnitschaja
Breast cancer (BC) epidemic is recognised as being characteristic for the early twenty-first century. BC is a multifactorial disease, and a spectrum of modifiable (preventable) factors significantly increasing risks has been described. This article highlights a series of underestimated symptoms for consequent BC risk assessment and patient stratification. Phenomena of the deficient thermoregulation, altered sensitivity to different stimuli (pain, thirst, smell, light, stress provocation), dehydration, altered circadian and sleep patterns, tendency towards headache, migraine attacks and dizziness, as well as local and systemic hypoxic effects are discussed for BC patients providing functional links and proposing new approaches in the overall BC management...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616959/smelling-seeing-tasting-old-senses-for-new-sensing
#12
Luca Guerrini, Eduardo Garcia-Rico, Nicolas Pazos-Perez, Ramon A Alvarez-Puebla
The senses are the physiological mechanisms of perception that enable an organism to interact with the surrounding media. For centuries, humans have utilized these senses in science; vision and olfaction have been used the most extensively in laboratories followed by gustation and somatosensation, whereas audition has only rarely been employed. Most of these applications of senses were developed spontaneously based on the natural behavior of the chemistry of the reactants producing changes in scent, taste, or color...
June 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615430/characterization-of-patients-with-longstanding-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#13
Alex Iranzo, Ambra Stefani, Monica Serradell, Maria Jose Martí, Francisco Lomeña, Philipp Mahlknecht, Heike Stockner, Carles Gaig, Ana Fernández-Arcos, Werner Poewe, Eduard Tolosa, Birgit Högl, Joan Santamaria
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of prodromal markers of Parkinson disease (PD) in patients with longstanding idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (IRBD), a small subgroup of individuals with IRBD with long-term follow-up thought not to be at risk of developing PD. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and neuroimaging markers of PD were evaluated in 20 patients with polysomnographic-confirmed long-standing IRBD and in 32 matched controls. RESULTS: Patients were 16 men and 4 women with mean age of 72...
June 14, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615376/smell-and-taste-dysfunction-is-associated-with-higher-serum-total-cholesterol-concentrations-in-chinese-adults
#14
Zhe Huang, Shue Huang, Hongliang Cong, Zheng Li, Junjuan Li, Kathleen L Keller, Gregory C Shearer, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
Background: Several lipid-related hormones and peptides, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 and leptin, are involved in the regulation of taste and smell function. However, to our knowledge, it remains unknown whether these chemosensory functions are associated with lipid profiles.Objective: We examined the cross-sectional association between taste and smell dysfunction and blood cholesterol concentrations.Methods: With the use of a questionnaire, we assessed chronic smell and taste dysfunction in 12,627 Chinese participants (10,418 men and 2209 women; mean age: 54...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613122/water-quality-and-inuit-health-an-examination-of-drinking-water-consumption-perceptions-and-contamination-in-rigolet-canada
#15
Carlee Wright
Canadian Inuit have often reported concerns about the quality of their municipal drinking water; research has also shown that some Inuit communities experience some of the highest incidence rates of self-reported acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) in Canada and globally. The goal of this thesis research was to investigate drinking water perceptions and consumption patterns, as well as water contamination and potential associations with AGI in the Inuit community of Rigolet, Canada. Three census cross-sectional surveys captured data on AGI, drinking water, and water storage (2012-2014); additionally, bacterial contamination of household drinking water was assessed alongside the 2014 survey...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611058/gnrhr-biallelic-and-digenic-mutations-in-patients-with-normosmic-congenital-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#16
Catarina Inês Gonçalves, José Maria Aragüés, Margarida Bastos, Luísa Barros, Nuno Vicente, Davide Carvalho, Manuel C Lemos
Objective: Normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nCHH) is a rare disorder characterized by lack of pubertal development and infertility, due to deficient production, secretion or action of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and, unlike Kallmann syndrome, is associated with a normal sense of smell. Mutations in the GNRHR gene cause autosomal recessive nCHH. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of GNRHR mutations in a group of 40 patients with nCHH. Design: Cross sectional study of 40 unrelated patients with nCHH...
June 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607883/evaluation-of-requirements-for-staging-the-procedure-of-reconstruction-of-middle-ear-after-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#17
C Ravishankar, R K Datta
Cholesteatoma is a progressive destructive ear disease which can affect any age group. It has been found to be more severe in children and young adults. It erodes the surrounding bone of middle ear, mastoid and ossicles. It causes partial to total deafness, unpleasant smelling discharge, pain, tinnitus, vertigo and facial paralysis. It can even cause meningitis, brain abscess and death. The post-operative outcome of hearing, and the state of the reconstructed middle-ear cavity after concurrent and staged reconstruction of middle ear after canal wall down mastoidectomy was studied in 30 ears with middle-ear cholesteatoma...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598896/assessing-pathophysiology-of-cancer-anorexia
#18
Alessandro Laviano, Angela Koverech, Marilia Seelaender
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer anorexia is a negative prognostic factor and is broadly defined as the loss of the interest in food. However, multiple clinical domains contribute to the phenotype of cancer anorexia. The characterization of the clinical and molecular pathophysiology of cancer anorexia may enhance the efficacy of preventive and therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical trials showed that cancer anorexia should be considered as an umbrella encompassing different signs and symptoms contributing to appetite disruption in cancer patients...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595287/conversion-to-parkinson-disease-in-the-pars-hyposmic-and-dopamine-transporter-deficit-prodromal-cohort
#19
Danna Jennings, Andrew Siderowf, Matthew Stern, John Seibyl, Shirley Eberly, David Oakes, Kenneth Marek
Importance: Detecting individuals at risk for Parkinson disease (PD) during the prodromal phase could clarify disease mechanisms and allow for treatment earlier in the disease process to possibly slow or prevent the onset of motor PD. Objective: To determine if the combination of smell identification testing followed by dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging can accurately and efficiently identify individuals from the general population at risk for conversion to a clinical diagnosis of PD...
June 8, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589110/citelli-s-abscess-following-otitis-media-a-case-report
#20
Anjan-Kumar Sahoo, Chappity Preetam, Dillip-Kumar Samal, Sourav Sarkar
INTRODUCTION: Citelli's abscess is an extratemporal complication of otitis media. It occurs when pus from the mastoid tip trickles down along the posterior belly of the digastric muscle to the occipital and cervical region. It is a very unusual presenting complication of chronic otitis media with no available data in the until now. CASE REPORT: A 10-year-old female was presented to our outpatient department with a 1 month history of hi-grade fever and headache and pain around the left half of the face...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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