keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expectation effects

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821032/using-oxidized-amylose-as-carrier-of-linalool-for-the-development-of-antibacterial-wound-dressing
#1
Yongbo Lyu, He Ren, Mengchao Yu, Xinying Li, Defu Li, Changdao Mu
This study aimed to prepare antibacterial wound dressings based on collagen and linalool/oxidized amylose inclusion complex. Encapsulation with oxidized amylose was used as an effective way to introduce linalool into collagen matrix. Our results showed that the content of linalool in the composite dressings was efficiently increased thanks to the solubilization effect of oxidized amyloses. The developed composite dressings possessed porous structure. They had abilities to keep the wound in moist environment and meanwhile prevent the excess exudates accumulation...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820652/decreasing-stroke-code-to-ct-time-in-patients-presenting-with-stroke-symptoms
#2
Aleksandrs Kalnins, L Jake Mickelsen, Daisha Marsh, Christoph Zorich, Stephanie Casal, Waimei Amy Tai, Nirali Vora, Gennette Olalia, Max Wintermark, David B Larson
Guided quality improvement (QI) programs present an effective means to streamline stroke code to computed tomography (CT) times in a comprehensive stroke center. Applying QI methods and a multidisciplinary team approach may decrease the stroke code to CT time in non-prenotified emergency department (ED) patients presenting with symptoms of stroke. The aim of this project was to decrease this time for non-prenotified stroke code patients from a baseline mean of 20 minutes to one less than 15 minutes during an 18-week period by applying QI methods in the context of a structured QI program...
August 18, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820648/natural-bioactive-food-components-for-improving-enteral-tube-feeding-tolerance-in-adult-patient-populations
#3
Adam J Kuchnia, Beth Conlon, Norman Greenberg
Tube feeding (TF) is the most common form of nutrition support. In recent years, TF administration has increased among patient populations within and outside hospital settings, in part due to greater insurance coverage, reduced use of parenteral nutrition, and improved formularies suitable for sole source nutrition. With increasing life expectancy and improved access to TFs, the number of adults dependent on enteral nutrition is expected to grow. However, enteral TF intolerance (ETFI) is the most common complication of TFs, typically presenting with at least 1 adverse gastrointestinal event, including nausea, diarrhea, and constipation...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820573/magnetically-aligned-co-c-mwcnts-composite-derived-from-mwcnts-interconnected-zeolitic-imidazolate-frameworks-for-lightweight-and-highly-efficient-electromagnetic-wave-absorber
#4
Yichao Yin, Xiaofang Liu, Xiaojun Wei, Ya Li, Xiaoyu Nie, Ronghai Yu, Jianglan Shui
Developing lightweight and highly efficient electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorbing materials is crucial but challenging for anti-electromagnetic irradiation and interference. Herein, we used MWCNTs as templates for growth of Co-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), and obtained Co-C/MWCNTs composite by post pyrolysis. The MWCNTs interconnected the ZIF-derived Co-C porous particles, constructing a conductive network for electron hopping and migration. Moreover, the Co-C/MWCNTs composite was aligned in paraffin matrix under an external magnetic field, which led to the stretch of MWCNTs along the magnetic field direction...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820538/from-blue-to-full-color-theoretical-design-and-characterization-of-a-series-of-ir-iii-complexes-containing-azoline-ligand-with-potential-application-in-oleds
#5
Ying-Chen Duan, Yong Wu, Xin-Yao Ren, Liang Zhao, Yun Geng, Min Zhang, Guang-Yan Sun, Zhong-Min Su
Two reported Ir(iii) complexes 1a and 1b containing oxazoline and imidazoline in ancillary ligand, respectively, were investigated by DFT/TD-DFT method. In order to obtain full-color display materials, we designed a group of Ir(iii) complexes 2a-3d based on 1a, which exhibits higher quantum efficiency in phosphorescence, by introducing electron-donating/electron-withdrawing moieties to different positions of the ancillary ligand to adjust emission color. In addition to calculating the radiation rate and analyzing its determining factors, we also estimated nonradiative ability by evaluating the spin-orbit coupling matrix element between the ground state (S0) and the lowest triplet state (T1) as well as the reorganization energy from T1 to S0 to estimate quantum efficiency more accurately...
August 18, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820333/protease-dead-separase-inhibits-chromosome-segregation-and-rab-11-vesicle-trafficking
#6
Xiaofei Bai, Joshua N Bembenek
Separase cleaves cohesin to allow chromosome segregation. Separase also regulates cortical granule exocytosis and vesicle trafficking during cytokinesis, both of which involve RAB-11. We investigated whether separase regulates exocytosis through a proteolytic or non-proteolytic mechanism. In C. elegans, protease-dead separase (SEP-1(PD)::GFP) is dominant negative. Consistent with its role in cohesin cleavage, SEP-1(PD)::GFP causes chromosome segregation defects. As expected, partial depletion of cohesin rescues this defect, confirming that SEP-1(PD)::GFP acts through a substrate trapping mechanism...
August 18, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820231/interventions-for-treating-persistent-pain-in-survivors-of-torture
#7
REVIEW
Emma Baird, Amanda C de C Williams, Leslie Hearn, Kirstine Amris
BACKGROUND: Persistent (chronic) pain is a frequent complaint in survivors of torture, particularly but not exclusively pain in the musculoskeletal system. Torture survivors may have no access to health care; where they do, they may not be recognised when they present, and the care available often falls short of their needs. There is a tendency in state and non-governmental organisations' services to focus on mental health, with poor understanding of persistent pain, while survivors may have many other legal, welfare, and social problems that take precedence over health care...
August 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820041/a-report-of-7-year-experience-on-pediatric-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#8
Ayse Filiz Yetimakman, Selman Kesici, Murat Tanyildiz, Umut Selda Bayrakci, Benan Bayrakci
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) either as continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) or hemodiafiltration (CVVHD) are used frequently in critically ill children. Many clinical variables and technical issues are known to affect the result. The factors that could be modified to increase the survival of renal replacement are sought. As a contribution, we present the data on 104 patients who underwent CRRT within a 7-year period. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 104 patients admitted between 2009 and 2016 were included in the study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819771/the-impact-of-bridging-lrt-on-survival-in-patients-listed-for-liver-transplantation
#9
Peiman Habibollahi, Stephen Hunt, Terence Gade, Mandeep S Dagli, Jeffrey I Mondschein, Deepak Sudheendra, S William Stavropoulos, Michael Soulen, Nadolski Gregory
PURPOSE: Locoregional therapy (LRT) is recommended for certain groups of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) listed for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) with expected wait times greater than 6 months. A retrospective single-center study was performed to evaluate the effect of LRT on the outcomes of patients with HCC listed for OLT. METHODS: Institutional database was reviewed to identify the patients listed for OLT with HCC (March 1998-December 2010)...
August 17, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819449/self-assembly-dna-polyplex-vaccine-inside-dissolving-microneedles-for-high-potency-intradermal-vaccination
#10
Jing-Fong Liao, Jin-Ching Lee, Chun-Kuang Lin, Kuo-Chen Wei, Pin-Yuan Chen, Hung-Wei Yang
The strong immunogenicity induction is the powerful weapon to prevent the virus infections. This study demonstrated that one-step synthesis of DNA polyplex vaccine in microneedle (MN) patches can induce high immunogenicity through intradermal vaccination and increase the vaccine stability for storage outside the cold chain. More negative charged DNA vaccine was entrapped into the needle region of MNs followed by DNA polyplex formation with branched polyethylenimine (bPEI) pre-coated in the cavities of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) molds that can deliver more DNA vaccine to immune-cell rich epidermis with high transfection efficiency...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819293/effects-of-temporal-correlations-in-social-multiplex-networks
#11
Michele Starnini, Andrea Baronchelli, Romualdo Pastor-Satorras
Multi-layered networks represent a major advance in the description of natural complex systems, and their study has shed light on new physical phenomena. Despite its importance, however, the role of the temporal dimension in their structure and function has not been investigated in much detail so far. Here we study the temporal correlations between layers exhibited by real social multiplex networks. At a basic level, the presence of such correlations implies a certain degree of predictability in the contact pattern, as we quantify by an extension of the entropy and mutual information analyses proposed for the single-layer case...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818658/cue-dependent-inhibition-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Zachary W Adams, Michael Meinzer, Howard Mandel, Joshua Voltin, Blaine Caughron, Floyd R Sallee, Mark Hamner, Zhewu Wang
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among military veterans, but the comorbidity of these two psychiatric disorders remains largely unstudied. Evaluating response inhibition and cue-dependent learning as behavioral and neurocognitive mechanisms underlying ADHD/PTSD can inform etiological models and development of tailored interventions. METHOD: A cued go/no-go task evaluated response inhibition in 160 adult males...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818625/the-therapeutic-potential-of-crth2-dp2-beyond-allergy-and-asthma
#13
REVIEW
Katharina Jandl, Akos Heinemann
Prostaglandin (PG) D2 has been in the focus of research for quite a long time, but its biological effects and its roles in human disease are still not fully characterized. When in 2001 a second major PGD2 receptor termed chemoattractant receptor homologue expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2; alternative name DP2) was discovered, diverse investigations started to shed more light on the complex and often controversial actions of the prostaglandin. With various immunomodulating effects, such as induction of migration, activation, and cytokine release of leukocytes observed both in vivo and in vitro, CRTH2 has emerged as a promising target for the treatment of allergic diseases...
August 14, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818622/benefits-of-immune-protection-versus-immunopathology-costs-a-synthesis-from-cytokine-ko-models
#14
Gabriele Sorci, Cédric Lippens, Clothilde Léchenault, Bruno Faivre
The inflammatory response can produce damage to host tissues and in several infectious diseases the most severe symptoms are due to immunopathology rather than a direct effect of pathogen multiplication. One hypothesis for the persistence of inflammatory damage posits that the benefits of protection towards infection outweigh the costs. We used data on knocked-out (KO) cytokine models [and the corresponding wild-type (WT) controls] to test this hypothesis. We computed differences in pathogen load and host survival between WT and KO and divided them by the WT values...
August 14, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818359/environment-of-care-is-it-time-to-reassess-microbial-contamination-of-the-operating-room-air-as-a-risk-factor-for-surgical-site-infection-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#15
REVIEW
Javad Parvizi, Sue Barnes, Noam Shohat, Charles E Edmiston
In the modern operating room (OR), traditional surgical mask, frequent air exchanges, and architectural barriers are viewed as effective in reducing airborne microbial populations. Intraoperative sampling of airborne particulates is rarely performed in the OR because of technical difficulties associated with sampling methodologies and a common belief that airborne contamination is infrequently associated with surgical site infections (SSIs). Recent studies suggest that viable airborne particulates are readily disseminated throughout the OR, placing patients at risk for postoperative SSI...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818268/-metformin-resistant-folic-acid-producing-probiotics-or-folic-acid-against-metformin-s-adverse-effects-like-diarrhea
#16
Abdullah Olgun
Metformin, first line medication in the treatment of type2 diabetes by millions of patients worldwide, causes gastrointestinal adverse effects (i.e. diarrhea) in approximately 30% of patients, frequently leading to discontinuation. Interestingly, metformin was reported to increase life span in a microscopic worm, Caenorhabditis elegans, by decreasing folate and methionine production of bacteria that this worm uses as a food source. Metformin can be expected to have a similar effect on some microorganisms of human gut microbiota...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818261/contemporary-medical-therapies-of-atherosclerotic-carotid-artery-disease
#17
Suk F Cheng, Martin M Brown
Contemporary medical therapy consists of identification and treatment of all patient-modifiable vascular risk factors. Specific atherosclerotic disease therapies are designed to reduce the risk of thrombosis, and the disease progression in order to reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events. Contemporary medical management emphasizes the need to support the patient in achieving lifestyle modifications and to adjust medication to achieve individualized target values for specific quantifiable risk factors...
March 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818113/respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-entry-is-inhibited-by-serine-protease-inhibitor-aebsf-when-present-during-an-early-stage-of-infection
#18
Winke Van der Gucht, Annelies Leemans, Marjorie De Schryver, Annick Heykers, Guy Caljon, Louis Maes, Paul Cos, Peter L Delputte
BACKGROUND: Host proteases have been shown to play important roles in many viral activities such as entry, uncoating, viral protein production and disease induction. Therefore, these cellular proteases are putative targets for the development of antivirals that inhibit their activity. Host proteases have been described to play essential roles in Ebola, HCV, HIV and influenza, such that specific protease inhibitors are able to reduce infection. RSV utilizes a host protease in its replication cycle but its potential as antiviral target is unknown...
August 17, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818046/can-resources-moderate-the-impact-of-levels-of-frailty-on-adverse-outcomes-among-pre-frail-older-people-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Linda P M Op Het Veld, Bart H L Ament, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Henrica C W de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema, Anna J H M Beurskens
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of frailty result in higher risks of adverse frailty outcomes such as hospitalisation and mortality. There are, however, indications that more factors than solely frailty play a role in the development of these outcomes. The presence of resources, e.g. sufficient income and good self-management abilities, might slow down the pathway from level of frailty to adverse outcomes (e.g. mortality). In the present paper we studied whether resources (i.e. educational level, income, availability of informal care, living situation, sense of mastery and self-management abilities) moderate the impact of the level of frailty on the adverse outcomes mortality, hospitalisation and the development of disability over a two-year period...
August 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818000/exploring-the-relation-between-visual-mental-imagery-and-affect-in-the-daily-life-of-previously-depressed-and-never-depressed-individuals
#20
Christien Slofstra, Maaike H Nauta, Emily A Holmes, Elisabeth H Bos, Marieke Wichers, Nikolaos Batalas, Nicola S Klein, Claudi L H Bockting
Previously depressed individuals experience disturbances in affect. Affective disturbances may be related to visual mental imagery, given that imagery-based processing of emotional stimuli causes stronger affective responses than verbal processing in experimental laboratory studies. However, the role of imagery-based processing in everyday life is unknown. This study assessed mental imagery in the daily life of previously and never depressed individuals. Higher levels of visual mental imagery was hypothesised to be associated with more affective reactivity to both negatively and positively valenced mental representations...
August 17, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
keyword
keyword
13452
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"