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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651355/evaluation-of-welfare-parameters-in-laying-hens-on-the-basis-of-a-bavarian-survey
#1
H Louton, S M Bergmann, E Rauch, C Liebers, S Reese, M H Erhard, C Hoeborn, A Schwarzer
Health issues like infestation with poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and behavioral problems such as feather pecking and cannibalism are reported as current problems on laying hen farms. However, the epidemiological prevalence of these issues in Bavaria, Germany, is not known. The objective of the present survey was to determine the epidemiological prevalence of health and behavioral parameters and the management of hen farms in practice. The survey was sent to all laying hen farmers with more than 1,000 hens in Bavaria, Germany, and contained questions regarding flock management, behavior problems and health issues...
June 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651326/heterogeneity-in-cultivation-based-monitoring-of-airborne-bacterial-biodiversity-in-animal-farms
#2
Udo Jäckel, Elena Martin, Jenny Schäfer
Diversity analyses of bioaerosol samples from highly loaded workplaces as found in agricultural production or waste management help to improve the knowledge of exposure levels of workers. However, different used methods resulting in the detection of different bacterial species at the same work places. The present study obviously supports the deviation of received results using cultivation and further isolation approaches. Within the present study, the bacterial community at workplaces was estimated using the powerful tool of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses after cultivation procedure...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#3
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651293/-tuberculosis-guideline-for-adults-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-including-ltbi-testing-and-treatment-of-the-german-central-committee-dzk-and-the-german-respiratory-society-dgp
#4
Tom Schaberg, Torsten Bauer, Folke Brinkmann, Roland Diel, Cornelia Feiterna-Sperling, Walter Haas, Pia Hartmann, Barbara Hauer, Jan Heyckendorf, Christoph Lange, Albert Nienhaus, Ralf Otto-Knapp, Martin Priwitzer, Elvira Richter, Rudolf Rumetshofer, Karl Schenkel, Otto Dagobert Schoch, Nicolas Schönfeld, Ralf Stahlmann
Since 2015 a significant increase in tuberculosis cases is notified in Germany, mostly due to rising numbers of migrants connected to the recent refugee crisis. Because of the low incidence in previous years, knowledge on tuberculosis is more and more limited to specialized centers. However, lung specialist and healthcare workers of other fields have contact to an increasing number of tuberculosis patients. In this situation, guidance for the management of standard therapy and especially for uncommon situations will be essential...
June 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651292/acute-onset-neurological-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-literature-review
#5
Zita Ferraz, Joana Parra, Ana Luísa Areia, Elsa Vasco, Paulo Moura
Objectives To characterize the most common peripheral and central neurological disorders during pregnancy. Methods Original research and review of the literature on neurological complications during pregnancy. We searched for keywords related to the topic on different databases. Results Pregnancy involves physiological changes that can trigger peripheral neurological and/or central nervous system pathologies, which can sometimes be associated with hypertensive disorders. A definitive diagnosis of neurological disorders can be made according to the trimester of pregnancy and the clinical findings...
June 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651218/urban-water-metabolism-indicators-derived-from-a-water-mass-balance-bridging-the-gap-between-visions-and-performance-assessment-of-urban-water-resource-management
#6
M A Renouf, S Serrao-Neumann, S J Kenway, E A Morgan, D Low Choy
Improving resource management in urban areas has been enshrined in visions for achieving sustainable urban areas, but to date it has been difficult to quantify performance indicators to help identify more sustainable outcomes, especially for water resources. In this work, we advance quantitative indicators for what we refer to as the 'metabolic' features of urban water management: those related to resource efficiency (for water and also water-related energy and nutrients), supply internalisation, urban hydrological performance, sustainable extraction, and recognition of the diverse functions of water...
May 29, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651196/dancing-to-death-a-case-of-heat-stroke
#7
K Nadesan, Chandra Kumari, Mohd Afiq
Heat stroke is a medical emergency which may lead to mortality unless diagnosed early and treated effectively. Heat stroke may manifest rapidly, hence making it difficult to differentiate it from other clinical causes in a collapsed victim.(1) We are presenting a case report of twelve patients who were admitted to our emergency department from a music festival held on 13-15th of March 2014. They developed complications arising from a combination of severe adverse weather condition, prolonged outdoor physical exertion due to long hours of dancing and drug-use, resulting in heat stroke...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651194/reference-intervals-for-hematological-and-biochemical-parameters-acute-phase-proteins-and-markers-of-oxidation-in-holstein-dairy-cows-around-3-and-30days-after-calving
#8
Pierangelo Moretti, Saverio Paltrinieri, Erminio Trevisi, Monica Probo, Annarita Ferrari, Andrea Minuti, Alessia Giordano
The establishment of specific reference intervals (RIs) is advisable when different metabolic conditions in the patient population are present or when existing RIs are not suitable. Holstein dairy cows, at the start of lactation, experience a negative energy balance and an altered immune function that can lead to different levels of blood parameters compared with cows at peak lactation. The aim of this study was the determination of RIs for Holstein cows at 3±1 and 30±3days in milk. To this aim, 145 cows, from 4 herds, were sampled...
June 20, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651157/different-patterns-in-the-risk-of-newly-developed-fatty-liver-and-lipid-changes-with-tamoxifen-versus-aromatase-inhibitors-in-postmenopausal-women-with-early-breast-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#9
Namki Hong, Han Gyul Yoon, Da Hea Seo, Seho Park, Seung Il Kim, Joo Hyuk Sohn, Yumie Rhee
BACKGROUND: Management of metabolic complications of long-term adjuvant endocrine therapy in early breast cancer remained an unmet need. We aimed to compare the effects of tamoxifen (TMX) and aromatase inhibitors (AIs) on the risk of fatty liver in conjunction with longitudinal changes in the serum lipid parameters. METHODS: Among 1203 subjects who were taking adjuvant TMX or AI (anastrozole or letrozole) without fatty liver at baseline, those taking TMX or AI were 1:1 matched on the propensity score...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651152/methylphenidate-disintegration-from-oral-formulations-for-intravenous-use-by-experienced-substance-users
#10
G D Bjarnadottir, M Johannsson, A Magnusson, B O Rafnar, E Sigurdsson, S Steingrimsson, V Asgrimsson, I Snorradottir, H Bragadottir, H M Haraldsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Methylphenidate (MPH) is a prescription stimulant used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. MPH is currently the preferred substance among most intravenous (i.v.) substance users in Iceland. Four types of MPH preparations were available in Iceland at the time of study: Immediate-release (IR), sustained-release (SR), osmotic controlled-release oral delivery (OROS) tablet and osmotic-controlled release (OCR). MPH OROS has previously been rated the least desirable by i...
June 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651124/a-review-of-people-who-did-not-attend-an-epilepsy-clinic-and-their-clinical-outcomes
#11
I Minshall, A Neligan
PURPOSE: To review the clinical outcomes of people who failed to attend or failed subsequent follow up in a Primary Care based specialist epilepsy service. METHOD: The case notes of 200 people who had failed to initially attend the service or subsequent follow up from 2005 to 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: Clinical outcomes were determined for 152 people, with the remaining 48 having left the area. For those not attending at all, 64% had no further recorded events, a further 22% came under alternative specialist care and were managed appropriately, 6% were already in remission at the time of referral or at follow up and stayed seizure free...
June 17, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651117/mantle-cell-lymphoma-current-standards-of-care-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Peter Martin, Paola Ghione, Martin Dreyling
Over the past decade we have seen significant changes in the biological characterization and strategies for treatment of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). MCL is heterogeneous a disease, and so are the people that have it; although guidelines are appropriate, therapeutic approaches must be individualized based on a variety of factors. In this review, we summarize data on the range of therapeutic options, from observation in patients with slowly progressive low-tumor-burden MCL, to bendamustine-based regimens in typical MCL, to high-dose cytarabine-based regimens in young, fit patients...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651111/the-rise-of-zika-infection-and-microcephaly-what-can-we-learn-from-a-public-health-emergency
#13
REVIEW
B McCloskey, T Endericks
OBJECTIVES: To consider why Zika was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), why it stopped being one and what we can learn from this for the future. STUDY DESIGN: This paper reviews the sequence of events and evidence base for the decision to declare Zika a PHEIC, the global response to this, the challenges in maintaining an evidence-based approach to outbreak response and identifies learning outcomes. METHODS: Evidence review, all published articles in reputable UK and international journals were identified...
June 23, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651084/treatment-of-food-waste-recycling-wastewater-using-anaerobic-ceramic-membrane-bioreactor-for-biogas-production-in-mainstream-treatment-process-of-domestic-wastewater
#14
Yeongmi Jeong, Slawomir W Hermanowicz, Chanhyuk Park
A bench-scale anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) equipped with submerged flat-sheet ceramic membranes was operated at mesophilic conditions (30-35 °C) treating domestic wastewater (DWW) supplemented with food wasterecycling wastewater (FRW) to increase the organic loading rate (OLR) for better biogas production. Coupling ceramic membrane filtration with AnMBR treatment provides an alternative strategy for high organic wastewater treatment at short hydraulic retention times (HRTs) with the potential benefits of membrane fouling because they have a high hydrophilicity and more robust at extreme conditions...
June 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651083/characterization-of-organic-precursors-in-dbp-formation-and-aoc-in-urban-surface-water-and-their-fate-during-managed-aquifer-recharge
#15
Hyun-Chul Kim, Won Mo Lee, Seunghak Lee, Jaewon Choi, Sung Kyu Maeng
In this study, the organic components were identified that are mainly responsible for the formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and for the biostability of urban surface water. The compositional distribution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) was strongly associated with the potential for both DBP formation and bacterial growth. Further evaluation was carried out (1) to compare the potential for DBP formation upon chlorination of treated water, (2) to determine the biostability that might result from minimizing assimilable organic carbon (AOC), and (3) to use laboratory-scale soil-column experiments to compare the effects of removal of trace organic chemicals (TOrCs) between managed aquifer recharge (MAR) hybrid systems (such as bank filtration followed by artificial recharge and recovery: ARR), and ozonation followed by ARR...
June 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651067/necrotizing-lip-infection-causing-septic-thrombophlebitis-of-the-neck-a%C3%A2-rare-variant-of-lemierre-syndrome
#16
Karl Cuddy, Nariman Saadat, Baber Khatib, Ashish Patel
Lemierre syndrome is an uncommon condition in which internal jugular vein thrombosis presents after recent oropharyngeal infection. Frequently, this is accompanied by septic emboli. This report outlines a variant of this disease process, with septic thrombophlebitis of the neck associated with a necrotizing skin infection of the lower lip and chin. A 25-year-old man with lower lip and chin swelling, initially managed with intravenous antibiotics, progressed to the development of a left facial vein thrombus, septic emboli to the lungs, and a necrotizing lower lip and chin infection that was managed with debridement, thrombectomy, and prolonged hemodynamic and pulmonary support...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651066/thalassemia-major-transfusion-and-chelation-or-transplantation
#17
REVIEW
Said Yousuf Mohamed
Thalassemia is the most common monogenic hematologic disease that affects millions in the world and kills thousands of patients every year. Without transfusion or transplantation, patients with thalassemia major are expected to die within months of diagnosis. However, long-term transfusion and chelation therapy is highly challenging for many developing countries where the disease is prevalent, representing a major and unsustainable health burden. Stem cell transplantation is the only cure for thalassemia. It has witnessed major developments that have made it less toxic, more successful, and feasible for a larger number of patients with diverse comorbidities and from a wider range of donors...
June 20, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651032/evidence-based-practice-guideline-persistent-pain-management-in-older-adults
#18
Paul Arnstein, Keela A Herr, Howard K Butcher
More individuals develop and endure constant or recurring pain in older adulthood. Although 40% of these individuals receive no treatment, many evidence-based treatments are available. Accurate assessment of pain, its impact on functioning, and preventing treatment-related harms lay the foundation of safe, effective pain control. Analgesic agents are often necessary, but require a delicate balance to prevent under-treatment, the unnecessary abandonment of therapy, or exposure to potentially serious adverse effects...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651012/the-economic-burden-of-human-papillomavirus-related-precancers-and-cancers-in-sweden
#19
Ellinor Östensson, Maria Silfverschiöld, Lennart Greiff, Christine Asciutto, Johan Wennerberg, Marie-Louise Lydryp, Ulf Håkansson, Pär Sparén, Christer Borgfeldt
BACKGROUND: High-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is an established cause of malignant disease. We used a societal perspective to estimate the cost of HR HPV-related cervical, vulvar, vaginal, anal, and penile precancer and cancer, and oropharyngeal cancer in Sweden in 2006, 1 year before HPV vaccination became available in the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prevalence-based cost-of-illness study used diagnosis-specific data from national registries to determine the number of HR HPV-related precancers and cancers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651011/indications-of-airway-stenting-for-severe-central-airway-obstruction-due-to-advanced-cancer
#20
Hiroaki Nagano, Tomoo Kishaba, Yuichirou Nei, Shin Yamashiro, Hiroaki Takara
BACKGROUND: Management of severe central airway obstruction due to advanced cancer is a medical and technical challenge. The impact of airway stenting on the clinical outcome of such patients is unclear. METHOD: This single-center, retrospective study evaluated 21 patients who underwent airway stenting for advanced cancer. We examined predictors of the post-stenting mortality, including age, serum albumin, tracheal diameter, smoking, opioid use, respiratory failure, and performance status (PS)...
2017: PloS One
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