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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776016/psoriasis-area-and-severity-index-pasi-response-in-moderate-severe-psoriatic-patients-switched-to-adalimumab-results-from-the-oppsa-study
#1
M Talamonti, M Galluzzo, N Bernardini, G Caldarola, S Persechino, F Cantoresi, C G Egan, C Potenza, K Peris, L Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared the efficacy of switching to adalimumab in the real-life setting in plaque psoriasis patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of adalimumab in psoriasis patients previously treated with other biologics. METHODS: In this multicentre study, psoriasis patients (N=262) treated with an anti-TNF alpha agent, ustekinumab or naïve to biologics then switched to adalimumab were included. Disease severity was assessed by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) at baseline and after 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776011/predicting-nonadherence-to-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#2
Arden L Corter, Reuben Broom, David Porter, Vernon Harvey, Michael Findlay
BACKGROUND: Failing to take endocrine therapy (ET) as prescribed (nonadherence) increases risk of morbidity and mortality from breast cancer recurrence. We explored predictors of nonadherence, including demographic, clinical, treatment and personal factors, among women newly prescribed ET for early stage breast cancer. We also examined predictors of their thoughts about stopping treatment (TST). METHODS: A baseline survey prior to ET assessed demographics, illness beliefs, beliefs about medicines, fear of recurrence, symptoms and negative affect...
May 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775985/sensorimotor-exercises-and-enhanced-trunk-function-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Steffen Mueller, Tilman Engel, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 6-week sensorimotor or resistance training on maximum trunk strength and response to sudden, high-intensity loading in athletes.Forty-three healthy, well-trained participants were randomized into sensorimotor (SMT; n=11), resistance training (RT; n=16) and control groups (CG; n=16). Treatment groups received either sensorimotor training (SMT) or resistance training (RT) for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. At baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention, participants' maximum isokinetic strength in trunk rotation and extension was tested (concentric/eccentric 30°/s)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#4
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775967/bilateral-breast-calciphylaxis-in-a-patient-who-survived-earlier-extensive-tissue-necrosis-5-years-previously-a-case-report
#5
E M J Verstappen, A J G Maaskant-Braat, M R Scheltinga
INTRODUCTION: Calciphylaxis is a rare condition including patchy dermal necrosis that mostly affects chronic hemodialysis patients. The syndrome usually heralds impending death although patients may survive following a set of measures including an adapted dialysis regimen. The present case is a unique patient who recovered from an earlier episode of upper leg calciphylaxis 5 years previously but developed fatal bilateral breast necrosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 69 year old Caucasian woman with a history of atrial fibrillation, hypertension, CVA, hyperparathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism and end stage renal disease with hemodialysis recovered in 2012 from extensive symptomatic left upper leg necrosis due to calciphylaxis...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775964/time-matters-for-intersex-bodies-between-socio-medical-time-and-somatic-time
#6
Limor Meoded Danon
This article focuses on the dynamic relationships between time and intersex bodies that exist, on the one hand, in medical policy on intersex bodies and, on the other, in intersex people's subjective experiences. Time, from a sociological perspective, is a biosocial agent that establishes diagnostic practices, regulations, and treatment policy regarding intersex bodies. The systematic construction of timeframes by biomedical professionals aims to rapidly diagnose and treat intersex patients and is deeply rooted in the "dimorphic soma-gender order" (DMSGO), the imagined unified relationship of female bodies to femininity and male bodies to masculinity...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775960/strategies-to-decrease-oxidative-stress-biomarker-levels-in-human-medical-conditions-a-meta-analysis-on-8-iso-prostaglandin-f-2%C3%AE
#7
Thomas J van 't Erve
The widespread detection of elevated oxidative stress levels in many medical conditions has led to numerous efforts to design interventions to reduce its effects. Efforts have been wide-ranging, from dietary changes to administration of antioxidants, supplements, e.g., omega-3-fatty acids, and many medications. However, there is still no systemic assessment of the efficacy of treatments for oxidative stress reduction across a variety of medical conditions. The goal of this meta-analysis is, by combining multiple studies, to quantitate the change in the levels of the popular oxidative stress biomarker 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α ) after a variety of treatment strategies in human populations...
May 9, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775957/how-treatment-improvement-in-adhd-and-cocaine-dependence-are-related-to-one-another-a-secondary-analysis
#8
Frances R Levin, C Jean Choi, Martina Pavlicova, John J Mariani, Amy Mahony, Daniel J Brooks, Edward V Nunes, John Grabowski
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is overrepresented among individuals seeking treatment for substance use disorders. We previously reported that treatment with extended release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS-XR) increased abstinence, compared to placebo, among patients with co-occurring ADHD and cocaine dependence. This secondary analysis investigates the temporal relationship between ADHD improvement and cocaine abstinence in the first six weeks of the trial...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775954/a-new-methodology-based-on-functional-principal-component-analysis-to-study-postural-stability-post-stroke
#9
M Luz Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Silvia Mena-Del Horno, Enrique Viosca-Herrero, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Beatriz Gisbert-Morant
BACKGROUND: A major goal in stroke rehabilitation is the establishment of more effective physical therapy techniques to recover postural stability. Functional Principal Component Analysis provides greater insight into recovery trends. However, when missing values exist, obtaining functional data presents some difficulties. The purpose of this study was to reveal an alternative technique for obtaining the Functional Principal Components without requiring the conversion to functional data beforehand and to investigate this methodology to determine the effect of specific physical therapy techniques in balance recovery trends in elderly subjects with hemiplegia post-stroke...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775953/effect-of-adjuvant-on-pendimethalin-and-dimethenamid-p-behaviour-in-soil
#10
Martin Kočárek, Radka Kodešová, Umrbek Sharipov, Miroslav Jursík
Adjuvants are used to improve pesticides' performance. It is expected that adjuvants should increase sorption and persistence, as well as decrease mobility of pesticides in soils. Impact of the "Grounded" brand adjuvant on the behaviour of two herbicides, pendimethalin and dimethenamid-P, was investigated in a Haplic Chernozem. Both herbicides were tested in a laboratory batch sorption experiment with and without adjuvant. The sorption experiment showed that adjuvant negligibly increased dimethenamid-P sorption (KF  = 2...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775948/novel-3-phenylcoumarin-lipoic-acid-conjugates-as-multi-functional-agents-for-potential-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Leili Jalili-Baleh, Hamid Nadri, Hamid Forootanfar, Alireza Samzadeh-Kermani, Tuba Tüylü Küçükkılınç, Beyza Ayazgok, Mahban Rahimifard, Maryam Baeeri, Mohsen Doostmohammadi, Loghman Firoozpour, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Mohammad Abdollahi, Mohammad Reza Ganjali, Saeed Emami, Mehdi Khoobi, Alireza Foroumadi
New series of triazole-containing 3-phenylcoumarin-lipoic acid conjugates were designed as multi-functional agents for treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The target compounds 4a-o were synthesized via the azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction and their biological activities were primarily evaluated in terms of neuroprotection against H2 O2 -induced cell death in PC12 cells and AChE/BuChE inhibition. The promising compounds 4j and 4i containing four carbons spacer were selected for further biological evaluations...
May 2, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775946/il-9-exhibits-elevated-expression-in-osteonecrosis-of-femoral-head-patients-and-promotes-cartilage-degradation-through-activation-of-jak-stat-signaling-in-vitro
#12
Wei Geng, Wen Zhang, Jinzhu Ma
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) often causes severe symptoms in young people and limits the mobility of the hip joint. Interleukin-9 (IL-9) is a multi-functional inflammatory factor that participates in lumbar disk herniation and arthritis and has been reported in many studies. However, the correlation between IL-9 and ONFH is unclear. The present study aimed to determine the role of IL-9 in the pathogenetic mechanism of osteonecrosis. To assess IL-9 expression in ONFH and femoral neck fracture patients, cartilage tissue was examined through western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry...
May 15, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775938/treatment-of-perfluoroalkyl-acids-by-heat-activated-persulfate-under-conditions-representative-of-in-situ-chemical-oxidation
#13
Thomas A Bruton, David L Sedlak
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are a class of organic contaminants notable for their extreme persistence. The unique chemical properties of these compounds make them difficult to remove from water using most standard water treatment techniques. To gain insight into the possibility of remediating contaminated groundwater by in situ chemical oxidation with heat-activated persulfate, PFAA removal and the generation of transformation products were evaluated under laboratory conditions. Solution pH had a strong influence on the removal of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), resulting in its transformation into shorter-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) at pH values below 3...
April 21, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775929/negative-impacts-of-elevated-nitrate-on-physiological-performance-are-not-exacerbated-by-low-ph
#14
Daniel F Gomez Isaza, Rebecca L Cramp, Craig E Franklin
Multiple environmental stressors, including nutrient effluents (i.e. nitrates [NO3 - ]) and altered pH regimes, influence the persistence of freshwater species in anthropogenically disturbed habitats. Independently, nitrate and low pH affect energy allocation by increasing maintenance costs and disrupting oxygen uptake, which ultimately results in impacts upon whole animal performance. However, the interaction between these two stressors has not been characterised. To address this, the effects of nitrate and pH and their interaction on aerobic scope and physiological performance were investigated in the blueclaw crayfish, Cherax destructor...
May 15, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775926/chlorophyll-a-%C3%AF-uorescence-and-transcriptome-reveal-the-toxicological-effects-of-bisphenol-a-on-an-invasive-cyanobacterium-cylindrospermopsis-raciborskii
#15
Rong Xiang, Junqiong Shi, Hongbo Zhang, Congcong Dong, Li Liu, JunKe Fu, Xinyu He, Yanjun Yan, Zhongxing Wu
Bisphenol A has attracted worldwide attention due to its harmful effects on humans, animals and plants. In this study, the toxicological effects of BPA on Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii were assessed based on chlorophyll a fluorescence and transcriptome analyses. The results showed that the growth of C. raciborskii was significantly inhibited when BPA exceeded 0.1 mg L-1 . A marked rise of phase J was observed at a concentration greater than 0.1 mg L-1 , while a K phase appeared at 20 mg L-1 . The chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters of RC/CS0 , F0 , φP0 , φE0 , and ψ0 , underwent a significant decline under all treatments of BPA, whereas a significant increase in both VJ and M0 occurred under all concentrations of BPA...
May 9, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775921/toxicological-investigation-in-blood-samples-from-suspected-impaired-driving-cases-in-the-milan-area-possible-loss-of-evidence-due-to-late-blood-sampling
#16
Davide Ferrari, Monica Manca, Simone Premaschi, Giuseppe Banfi, Massimo Locatelli
Driving under the influence of illicit drugs (DUID) represents a significant menace to public safety and is therefore sanctioned with severe fines and penalties such as driving disqualification or even arrest in case the accident has caused serious injury or death. In Italy, DUID is regulated by the article 187 of the National Street Code, however, the list of the substances to be searched and their threshold concentrations are left to the 20 Italian regional authorities. A further lack of legislative standardization concerns the type of detection methods and moreover the time gap between the car accident and blood sampling...
May 1, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775920/il-33-stimulates-expression-of-the-gpr84-ex33-fatty-acid-receptor-gene-and-of-cytokine-and-chemokine-genes-in-human-adipocytes
#17
Mohamed S Zaibi, Małgorzata A Kępczyńska, Parvathy Harikumar, Suliman Y Alomar, Paul Trayhurn
Expression of GPCR fatty acid sensor/receptor genes in adipocytes is modulated by inflammatory mediators, particularly IL-1β. In this study we examined whether the IL-1 gene superfamily member, IL-33, also regulates expression of the fatty acid receptor genes in adipocytes. Human fat cells, differentiated from preadipocytes, were incubated with IL-33 at three different dose levels for 3 or 24 h and mRNA measured by qPCR. Treatment with IL-33 induced a dose-dependent increase in GPR84 mRNA at 3 h, the level with the highest dose being 13...
May 15, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775919/effectiveness-of-a-flow-based-device-using-riboflavin-photochemistry-in-damaging-blood-borne-viral-nucleic-acids
#18
Liguo Zhu, Hongli Tong, Shufang Wang, Yang Yu, Zhong Liu, Changqing Li, Deqing Wang
BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of a flow-based treatment device using riboflavin photochemistry was demonstrated by cytopathic effect method using indicator viruses. However, inactivation efficacy against real blood-borne viruses needs to be evaluated, especially at nucleic acid level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Special plasma samples with varying concentrations of blood-borne virus were selected using a strict blood selection procedure and were treated with device treatment (DT)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775916/cortisol-trajectory-melancholia-and-response-to-electroconvulsive-therapy
#19
Brian J Mickey, Yarden Ginsburg, Adam F Sitzmann, Clara Grayhack, Srijan Sen, Clemens Kirschbaum, Daniel F Maixner, James L Abelson
While biomarkers have been used to define pathophysiological types and to optimize treatment in many areas of medicine, in psychiatry such biomarkers remain elusive. Based on previously described abnormalities of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in severe forms of depression, we hypothesized that the temporal trajectory of basal cortisol levels would vary among individuals with depression due to heterogeneity in pathophysiology, and that cortisol trajectories that reflect elevated or increasing HPA activity would predict better response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775908/mirror-therapy-for-improving-lower-limb-motor-function-and-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
P Broderick, F Horgan, C Blake, M Ehrensberger, D Simpson, K Monaghan
BACKGROUND: Mirror therapy has been proposed as an effective intervention for lower limb rehabilitation post stroke. RESEARCH QUESTION: This systematic review with meta-analysis examined if lower limb mirror therapy improved the primary outcome measures of muscle tone and motor function and the secondary outcome measures balance characteristics, functional ambulation, walking velocity, passive range of motion (PROM) for ankle dorsiflexion and gait characteristics in patients with stroke compared to other interventions...
May 12, 2018: Gait & Posture
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