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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945062/early-recanalization-of-veins-in-patients-with-dvt-treated-with-rivaroxaban-do-we-need-to-move-from-bedside-to-bench-again
#1
Eduardo Ramacciotti, Giuliano Giova Volpiani, Ronaldo Dávila, Valeria C Resende Aguiar, Jawed Fareed
Rivaroxaban is one of the direct non-vitamin K antagonists (DOACs) that is globally approved for single drug approach to treat venous thromboembolism (VTE). Its usage is growing quickly, given the practicality of single daily dose, no need for monitoring and a better safety profile compared with that of vitamin K antagonists (VKA). As real world experience with rivaroxaban accumulates, isolated reports regarding its ability to promote earlier and more intense venous recanalization compared with VKA treatment have been published...
September 22, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945061/a-comparative-study-of-cfd-of-canine-model-of-common-carotid-fusiform-aneurysm-and-vertebrobasilar-fusiform-aneurysm-in-human-patients
#2
Shewei Guo, Peng Jiang, Jian Liu, Xinjian Yang, Chuhan Jiang, Youxiang Li, Zhongxue Wu
BACKGROUND: Intracranial fusiform aneurysm (IFA) is a relatively uncommon subgroup of aneurysms. There are few reports that focus on the hemodynamics of IFA. In this study, we compared the hemodynamics of the canine model of common carotid fusiform aneurysm and vertebrobasilar fusiform aneurysms in human patients. METHODS: Five male mongrel dogs were randomly chosen, and there unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) and external jugular vein were surgically exposed individually...
September 22, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945060/benefits-of-micronized-purified-flavonoid-fraction-as-adjuvant-therapy-on-the-inflammatory-response-after-sclerotherapy
#3
Vadim Y Bogachev, Boris V Boldin, Victor N Lobanov
BACKGROUND: Sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice for telangiectasias. The aim of this study was to investigate the systemic and local inflammatory response after sclerotherapy in women with chronic venous disease (CVD) and to assess the effects of micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) in combination with sclerotherapy on markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: 60 women with primary CVD CEAP class C1 were randomly assigned sclerotherapy in combination with MPFF treatment (N=30) or sclerotherapy alone (control) group (N=30)...
September 22, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945059/tissue-dielectric-constant-and-circumference-measurement-in-the-follow-up-of-treatment-related-changes-in-lower-limb-lymphedema
#4
Alper Tugral, Tuomas Viren, Yesim Bakar
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema of lower limbs is a chronic condition that requires life-long management. Therapeutic effect of Complex Decongestive Physiotherapy (CDP) is most often followed by circumference measurements (CM). However, the CM measurements are not specific to interstitial tissue fluid and have problems in sensitivity and objectivity. The aim of present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of CDP with a new tissue water specific measurement technique, in patients with lower limb lymphedema (LLL)...
September 22, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945056/the-changing-landscape-of-ependymomas-diagnostic-and-treatment-approaches
#5
Isabelle M Germano, Ekkehard M Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945055/adjuvant-treatments-for-ependymomas
#6
E Alton Sartor, Patrick Y Wen
Ependymomas are rare primary central nervous system tumors occurring in children and young adults. They can be indolent or locally aggressive depending on location, histology, and extent of resection. Treatment involves maximal surgical resection and usually focal radiation therapy, depending on the presence of residual disease and tumor grade. Chemotherapy has been studied for both adults and children but do not have an established role in adjuvant therapy. In both age groups, treatment with mainly cisplatin based regimens can be considered in the setting of residual disease after surgery or for salvage therapy when surgery or further radiation is not indicated...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945054/intracranial-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#7
Andrew A Fanous, Dheerendra Prasad, David Mathieu, Andrew J Fabiano
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is the use of a single high dose of radiation, stereotactically directed to an intracranial region of interest, in order to create a lesion or obliterate a preexisting one. This technology has evolved over the years into the use of multiple radiation sources oriented at a variety of angles, thus permitting the creation of various treatment target shapes. This allows for non-open surgical treatment of intracranial pathologies, which significantly decreases the risk of morbidity...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945053/surgery-for-posterior-fossa-ependymomas-in-adults
#8
Yosef Laviv, Isabelle M Germano, Anand Mahadevan, Ekkehard M Kasper
Ependymomas of the posterior fossa in adults are relatively rare, represent less than 1% of adult intracranial gliomas. Most of the cases are WHO grade II. Due to their rarity, there are no randomized studies regarding the best management of these tumors. It seems that surgical resection has a major role in their management. Unlike the scenario in children, these tumors can be cured by gross total resection without adjuvant therapy in the majority of cases. Hence, knowing the different surgical approaches, with their pros and cons, is important in order to offer the patient the best treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945047/-analysis-of-chinese-patent-medicine-prescriptions-for-qi-stagnation-and-blood-stasis-syndrome
#9
Jia-Liang Gao, Guang Chen, Qing-Yong He, Jun Li, Jie Wang
To analyze the medication characteristics and compatibility rules in treatment of Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Chinese patent medicine prescriptions for Qi stagnation and blood stasis were collected from the 2015 edition of Pharmacopoeia of the people's Republic of China(herein after referred to as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and Drug Standards of the People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Health-Chinese Patent Drug(herein after referred to as Chinese Patent Drug). Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system(TCMISS V2...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945046/-analysis-of-on-medication-rules-for-qi-deficiency-and-blood-stasis-syndrome-of-chronic-heart-failure-based-on-data-mining-technology
#10
Qian Wang, Geng-Zhen Yao, Guang-Ming Pan, Jing-Yi Huang, Yi-Pei An, Xu Zou
To analyze the medication features and the regularity of prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure based on modern literature. In this article, CNKI Chinese academic journal database, Wanfang Chinese academic journal database and VIP Chinese periodical database were all searched from January 2000 to December 2015 for the relevant literature on traditional Chinese medicine treatment for Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945044/-effect-of-qishen-yiqi-droplet-on-adenylate-contents-in-myocardium-of-cor-pulmonale-rats
#11
Shi-Han Geng, Qiu-Yue Shan, Meng-Xi Xu, Yi-Dan Zhang, Li-Li Song, Ning Hou, Wen Zhang, Mi-Xia Zhang, Peng-Wei Zhuang, Yan-Jun Zhang
Cor pulmonale rat models were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of monocrotaline(MCT), and the sham group received a single intraperitioneal injection of normal saline. After the model rats received intragastric administration of Qishen Yiqi droplet(QS) for 6 weeks, the contents of adenylate(ATP, ADP and AMP) in right myocardial tissues were measured by HPLC, and then the metabolism changes in myocardium of cor pulmonale rats with QS were investigated. The results showed that ATP, ADP, and AMP were well separated, with a good linearity within a certain range of concentration; and the recovery rates were within the range of 90%-108%...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945032/-optimize-concentrate-process-of-alkaloid-from-leonurus-japonicus-by-ultrafultration-nanofiltration-coupling-technology
#12
Cun-Yu Li, Yun Ma, Yi-Zhou Liu, Hong-Yang Li, Jia-Mei Gu, Guo-Ping Peng
To optimize the concentrate process of alkaloid from Leonurus japonicus by nanofiltration-ultrafiltration coupling technology with response surface methodology. The experiment showed that after ultrafiltration pre-treatment, the total protein removal rate was 94.38% in aqueous extract from L. japonicus, and the nanofiltration technology had obvious advantages over the conventional concentrate process. The optimal concentrate conditions were as follows:molecular weight cut-off 450, pH 3.07, concentration of stachydrine hydrochloride 80...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945030/-cloning-and-expression-analysis-of-kaurenoic-acid-oxidase-gene-in-tripterygium-wilfordii
#13
Yi-Feng Zhang, Ping Su, Tian-Yuan Hu, Jia-Wei Zhou, Hong-Yu Guan, Wei Gao, Lu-Qi Huang
Kaurenoic acid oxidase involved in biosynthesis pathway of gibberellin. According to the transcriptome database, the specific primers were designed and used in cloning the full-length cDNA of TwKAO, the bioinformatic analysis of the sequence was performed. The qRT-PCR were used to detect the expression level of TwKAO after MeJA treatment.The full-length cDNA of the TwKAO was 1 874 bp encoding a polypeptide of 487 amino acids.The calculate molecular weight was about 56.02 kDa,and the theoretical isoelectric point (pI) was 8...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945028/-effects-of-methyl-jasmonate-on-accumulation-of-furanocoumarins-in-changium-smyrnioides-and-its-suspension-cells
#14
Jing Cai, Yun Ma, Jian-Wei Chen, Xiang Li, Ping Zhou
Changium smyrnioides is an endangered and endemic medicinal herb in China which contains rich furanocoumarins. Bergaptol, bergapten and xanthotoxin are natural furanocoumarins in Ch. smyrnioides, among which bergaptol is mainly contained in in vitro cultures while the latter ones distribute in all organs and cultures of the plant. In this study, methyl jasmonate was used to elicit furanocoumarins in both cultivated plant and suspension cells. The accumulations of biomass and 3 furanocoumarins as well as the activity of cell, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and antioxidase were detected...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945024/-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-insulin-resistance-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-interventional-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Wei Wu, Jing-Jing Yang, Yi-Gang Wan, Yue Tu, Ge Shi, Wen-Bei Han, Bu-Hui Liu, Jian Yao
The kidney is the target organ of insulin with abundant insulin receptors. Thereinto,the renal intrinsic cells including glomerular podocytes,endothelial cells,mesangial cells,renal tubular epitheliums and collecting duct epithelial cells are all highly sensitive to insulin as the effector cells. Furthermore,the structural and functional abnormalities of these cells are closely related to insulin and its receptors activity. It is reported that the chronic kidney disease(CKD)patients have systemic or renal insulin resistance(IR)...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945022/-progress-of-gene-editing-technologies-and-prospect-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Yan-Yan Ma, Jing-Zhe Li, Er-Ning Gao, Dan Qian, Ju-Ying Zhong, Chang-Zhen Liu
Gene editing is a kind of technologies that makes precise modification to the genome. It can be used to knock out/in and replace the specific DNA fragment, and make accurate gene editing on the genome level. The essence of the technique is the DNA sequence change with use of non homologous end link repair and homologous recombination repair, combined with specific DNA target recognition and endonuclease.This technology has wide range of development prospects and high application value in terms of scientific research, agriculture, medical treatment and other fields...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945021/-progress-of-new-antidepressant-drugs-development
#17
REVIEW
Xiao Zhang, Jun-Sheng Tian, Huan Liu, Xue-Mei Qin
Depression becomes more and more serious and has been greatly do harm to human's physical and mental health. WHO predicts that depression will become the second leading cause of abnormal death and disability by 2020. There is still the drug treatment as the first-line antidepressive therapy, but the effect of listed antidepressant drugs is not ideal. Therefore, discovery of new antidepressant drug of sunique, higher curative effect, less adverse reaction is the pursuit of pharmaceutical. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) of anti-depression and natural antidepressant in currently listed, drug development and drug discovery phase are summarized in this paper, aiming to provide reference for new antidepressant drug research...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945019/-molecular-mechanism-of-artemisinin-biosynthesis-and-regulation-in-artemisia-annua
#18
REVIEW
He-Xin Tan, Ling Xiao, Zheng Zhou, Lei Zhang, Wan-Sheng Chen
Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is the best available treatment, particularly for Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Artemisinin, whose main source is Artemisia annua, has large demand and shortsupply every year.Artemisininis synthesized,stored, and secreted by the glandular secretory trichomes of A. annua(AaGSTs).In general, the population and morphology of AaGSTs are often positively correlated with artemisinin content.This review article introduces the molecular mechanism of biosynthesis and regulation of artemisininin A...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945014/a-reloadable-self-healing-hydrogel-enabling-diffusive-transport-of-c-dots-across-gel-gel-interface-for-scavenging-reactive-oxygen-species
#19
Jing Chen, Shuya Li, Ye Zhang, Wei Wang, Xiang Zhang, Yangyang Zhao, Yucai Wang, Hong Bi
While reloadable drug delivery platforms are highly prized for the treatment of a broad spectrum of diseases, the gel-gel interface between hydrogels hinders the intergel diffusive transport of drugs and thus limits the application of hydrogels as reloadable depots. Here, this study reports the circumvention of this barrier by employing a self-healing hydrogel prepared from N-carboxyethyl chitosan and sodium alginate dialdehyde, which are cross-linked via a reversible Schiff base linkage. The injectable and bioadhesive hydrogel shows a rapid gelation time of 47 s...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945009/biomechanical-regulation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-cardiovascular-tissue-engineering
#20
REVIEW
Kayla Henderson, Andrew D Sligar, Victoria P Le, Jason Lee, Aaron B Baker
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an appealing potential therapy for vascular diseases; however, many challenges remain in their clinical translation. While the use of biochemical, pharmacological, and substrate-mediated treatments to condition MSCs has been subjected to intense investigation, there has been far less exploration of using these treatments in combination with applied mechanical force for conditioning MSCs toward vascular phenotypes. This review summarizes the current understanding of the use of applied mechanical forces to differentiate MSCs into vascular cells and enhance their therapeutic potential for cardiovascular disease...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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