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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087800/health-care-engagement-among-lgbt-older-adults-the-role-of-depression-diagnosis-and-symptomatology
#1
Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Optimal engagement in health care plays a critical role in the success of disease prevention and treatment, particularly for older adults who are often in greater need of health care services. However, to date, there is still limited knowledge about the relationship between depression and health care engagement among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study utilized data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, Sexuality/Gender Study, from the 2014 survey with 2,450 LGBT adults 50 years old and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087799/factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-among-lgb-older-adults-the-roles-of-gender-social-support-perceived-stress-discrimination-and-stigma
#2
Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have elevated rates of high-risk alcohol consumption compared with heterosexual adults. Although drinking tends to decline with age in the general population, we know little about LGB older adults' drinking. Using 2014 data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), we aimed to identify factors associated with high-risk drinking in LGB older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A U...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087798/social-network-types-and-mental-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#3
Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study was designed to identify social network types among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults and examine the relationship between social network type and mental health. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the 2014 survey data of LGBT adults aged 50 and older (N = 2,450) from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study. Latent profile analyses were conducted to identify clusters of social network ties based on 11 indicators...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#4
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087795/who-says-i-do-the-changing-context-of-marriage-and-health-and-quality-of-life-for-lgbt-older-adults
#5
Jayn Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Until recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults were excluded from full participation in civil marriage. The purpose of this study is to examine how legal marriage and relationship status are associated with health-promoting and at-risk factors, health, and quality of life of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) participants who resided in states with legalized same-sex marriage in 2014 (N = 1,821)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#6
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087792/the-unfolding-of-lgbt-lives-key-events-associated-with-health-and-well-being-in-later-life
#7
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Sarah Jen, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Life events are associated with the health and well-being of older adults. Using the Health Equity Promotion Model, this article explores historical and environmental context as it frames life experiences and adaptation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was the largest study to date of LGBT older adults to identify life events related to identity development, work, and kin relationships and their associations with health and quality of life (QOL)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076251/comparison-of-medical-diagnoses-among-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-partnered-patients
#8
Katie M Heiden-Rootes, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer, F David Schneider, Craig W Smith
BACKGROUND: Health disparities for gay and lesbian individuals are well documented in survey research. However, a limitation throughout the existing literature is the reliance on self-reported health conditions. This study used medical record diagnoses for gay and lesbian patients seen in primary care clinics. METHODS: This study used medical records of primary care patients (n = 31,569) seen at Midwestern, university-affiliated primary care clinics. First, all records with information about the sexual partnering of the patient were identified (n = 13,509)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068208/a-qualitative-study-of-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-smoking-cessation-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-smokers-who-are-interested-in-quitting
#9
Alicia K Matthews, John Cesario, Raymond Ruiz, Natalie Ross, Andrea King
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are significantly more likely to smoke compared with their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers to and facilitators of smoking cessation readiness among LGBT smokers. METHODS: This descriptive study used a qualitative approach. Four 90-minute focus groups (eligibility criteria: age ≥21, self-identify as LGBT, current smoker, interest in quitting smoking) were conducted...
January 9, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066158/turning-points-in-the-lives-of-lesbian-and-gay-adults-age-50-and-over
#10
Anna Muraco, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
Little is known about how lesbians and gay men perceive the turning points that define their life trajectories. This study uses qualitative interview data to understand which experiences lesbian women and gay men age 50 and older identify as turning points and explore gender differences. In depth, face-to-face qualitative interviews were conducted with a subset of participants (n=33) from the Caring and Aging with Pride survey. The most common turning points identified were relationship and occupation related...
December 2016: Advances in Life Course Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066015/homosexuality-leaves-from-antiquity-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-population-a-tamil-perspective
#11
Ottilingam Somasundaram, A G Tejus Murthy
Homosexuality has been present in human civilization from ancient times, and the condition as it existed in the Tamil land is described along with a reference to the terminology, concepts, and description. Some instances appear in the old Tamil classics and poems. The present legal status of this sexual orientation is also mentioned.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063463/need-for-more-research-on-and-health-interventions-for-transgender-people
#12
Yeimer Ortiz-Martínez, Carlos Miguel Ríos-González
Background: Recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) scientific production is growing, but transgender (TG) people is less considered in the LGBT-related research, highlighting the lack of representative data on this neglected population. Methods: To assess the current status of scientific production on TG population, a bibliometric study was performed using the articles on TG people deposited in five databases, including PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Science Citation Index (SCI), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS)...
January 9, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063072/a-hazard-analysis-of-risk-factors-of-mortality-in-individuals-who-inject-drugs-in-denver-co
#13
Jonathan M Davis, Katie Suleta, Karen F Corsi, Robert E Booth
Despite multiple risk factors for mortality among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID), more research is warranted that examines sub-populations within PWID. Mortality data from PWID participating in longitudinal HIV prevention research in Denver were obtained from The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Risk factors for both all-cause and acute-toxicity related mortality were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression. Two-thousand seven individuals were interviewed at baseline. Eighty-six individuals died during the time frame of the study, 58 of which were due to acute-toxicity...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059616/challenges-health-implications-and-advocacy-opportunities-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-global-health-providers
#14
Jason M Nagata
In this commentary, I reflect on challenges with conducting global health research internationally as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, grapple with decisions related to coming out in regions with anti-LGBT laws, and outline the risks and benefits of different advocacy options related to the promotion of LGBT health globally. Despite significant advances in LGBT rights in many countries, homosexuality remains illegal in many others. Using a critical medical anthropology framework, I argue that anti-LGBT laws constitute structural violence and have many detrimental consequences including discrimination and violence; poorer mental and physical health outcomes; and risky sexual behaviors...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059574/the-activation-of-incompetence-schemas-in-response-to-negative-sexual-events-in-heterosexual-and-lesbian-women-the-moderator-role-of-personality-traits-and-dysfunctional-sexual-beliefs
#15
Maria Manuela Peixoto, Pedro Nobre
Personality traits and dysfunctional sexual beliefs have been described as vulnerability factors for sexual dysfunction in women, and have also been proposed as dispositional variables for the activation of incompetence schemas in response to negative sexual events. However, no study has tested the role of personality traits and dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the activation of incompetence schemas. The current study aimed to assess the moderator role of neuroticism, extraversion, and dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the association between frequency of unsuccessful sexual episodes and activation of incompetence schemas in heterosexual and lesbian women...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056883/marijuana-use-and-sex-with-multiple-partners-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youth-results-from-a-national-sample
#16
Xiaoyun Zhang, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: Sex with multiple partners (SMP) is one of the important contributing factors for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents and young adults, especially among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) youth. Past studies mainly focus on examining associations of alcohol or club drugs use with unprotected sexual behaviors among adult homo/bisexual men, while little is known about the temporal association between marijuana use (MU) and SMP among LGB youth. METHODS: This study examined the relationship between MU and SMP among LGB adolescents and young adults...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053011/dismantling-the-silence-lgbtq-aging-emerging-from-the-margins
#17
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
Historical, environmental, and cultural contexts intersect with aging, sexuality, and gender across communities and generations. My scholarship investigates health and well-being over the life course across marginalized communities, including LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) midlife and older adults, native communities experiencing cardiovascular risk, and families in China living with HIV, in order to balance the realities of unique lives in contemporary society. By probing the intersection of age, sexuality, and gender, my analysis is informed by both personal and professional experiences...
January 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049674/dental-students-knowledge-of-resources-for-lgbt-persons-findings-from-three-dental-schools
#18
Xiaoying Feng, Leda Mugayar, Edna Perez, Pamela R Nagasawa, David G Brown, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Recently, there has been increased attention to including cultural diversity in the education of health professionals, including concern for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) inclusion and visibility. Studies regarding cultural exposure and acceptance of LGBT populations have been concentrated in medicine, with findings showing that medical providers often graduate having missed the preparation required to care for LGBT persons. A visible, comprehensive, culturally competent environment in dental schools would help ensure that all oral health professionals and students are aware of services available to address the particular needs of LGBT students...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049365/mental-health-issues-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-a-high-school-setting
#19
Susan G Williams
High school students are maturing physically, psychosocially, and sexually. Some may be unsure of their sexual orientation. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students who self-identified as homosexual-lesbian/gay, bisexual (LGB), and unsure of sexual orientation had more stressful life events (SLEs), perceived stress, bullying victimization, and depressive symptoms as compared to heterosexual peers. Cortisol was examined to determine whether levels were within normal range for age and followed a normal diurnal rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043996/minority-stress-factors-as-mediators-of-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-treatment-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#20
Richard Bränström
BACKGROUND: Substantial mental health disparities between lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals compared with heterosexuals have been identified. The aim was to examine potential sexual orientation-based disparities in mental health treatment in a prospectively analysed population-based sample in Sweden and to explore potential moderators and mediators. METHOD: 30 730 individuals from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort were followed up with questionnaires and registry-based health record data on psychiatric healthcare visits and prescription drug use between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2011...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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