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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332681/sleep-duration-sleep-quality-and-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-2013-2015-national-health-interview-survey
#1
Adena M Galinsky, Brian W Ward, Sarah S Joestl, James M Dahlhamer
INTRODUCTION: This study identifies associations between sleep outcomes and sexual orientation net of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics, and produces estimates generalizable to the US adult population. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: We used 2013-2015 National Health Interview Survey data (46,909 men; 56,080 women) to examine sleep duration and quality among straight, gay/lesbian, and bisexual US adults. Sleep duration was measured as meeting National Sleep Foundation age-specific recommendations for hours of sleep per day...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330031/mental-health-disorders-mediate-association-of-sexual-minority-identity-with-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Lezhou Wu, Randy L Sell, Alexis M Roth, Seth L Welles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about cardiovascular health disparities for lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) persons and whether these disparities are mediated by mental health disorders due to sexual minority stress. We hypothesize LGB identity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and that major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) may mediate this association. METHODS: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a longitudinal, nationally-representative study of non-institutionalized U...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329960/the-future-of-lgbt-cancer-care-practice-and-research-implications
#3
REVIEW
David Rice, Matthew B Schabath
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize state of the knowledge collected in this volume and propose future directions for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) cancer practice, education, research, and advocacy. DATA SOURCES: Current and extant literature. CONCLUSION: Health care disparities that are known but not yet fully elucidated in the LGBT population carry into the cancer arena. Substantially more effort is required in the domains of patient care, nursing practice, nursing and patient-facing services provider education, patient education, nursing and interprofessional research, governmental commitment, professional organization action, and patient advocacy...
January 9, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326961/trends-in-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-students-in-a-canadian-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Tracey Peter, Tamara Edkins, Ryan Watson, Jones Adjei, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc
Objectives: Despite evidence from numerous studies that document disparities in suicidality for sexual minorities, few have investigated whether or not these trends have improved over time, which is the objective of the current study. Methods: Using school-based population data over a 15-year period (1998 to 2013), multivariate logistic regressions were used to calculate age-adjusted odds ratios separately by gender. Interactions were included to test widening or narrowing disparities within orientation groups, which makes this one of the first studies to test whether gaps in disparities between heterosexual and sexual minorities have widened or narrowed over time...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326140/navigating-the-residency-application-process-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-student-pharmacists
#5
Calvin C Daniels, Tate N Trujillo, Christopher M Scott, Lindsey R Kelley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325817/cancer-screening-considerations-and-cancer-screening-uptake-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-persons
#6
REVIEW
Marc Ceres, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Matthew Loscalzo, David Rice
OBJECTIVES: To describe the current state of cancer screening and uptake for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons and to propose cancer screening considerations for LGBT persons. DATA SOURCES: Current and historic published literature on cancer screening and LGBT cancer screening; published national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Despite known cancer risks for members of the LGBT community, cancer screening rates are often low, and there are gaps in screening recommendations for LGBT persons...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325816/lgbt-cultural-competence-and-interventions-to-help-oncology-nurses-and-other-health-care-providers
#7
REVIEW
Asa Radix, Shail Maingi
OBJECTIVES: To define and give an overview of the importance of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competency and offer some initial steps on how to improve the quality of care provided by oncology nurses and other health care professionals. DATA SOURCES: A review of the existing literature on cultural competency. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients experience cancer and several other diseases at higher rates than the rest of the population...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325815/intersectionality-and-the-lgbt-cancer-patient
#8
REVIEW
Penny Damaskos, Beau Amaya, RuthAnn Gordon, Chasity Burrows Walters
OBJECTIVES: To present the ways in which race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation interact in the context of cancer risk, access to care, and treatment by health care providers. Cancer risk factors, access to care, and treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients are discussed within the context of intersectionality and cultural humility. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles, cancer organizations, and clinical practice. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients have multiple identities that intersect to create unique experiences...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#9
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320286/tobacco-policies-and-alcohol-sponsorship-at-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-pride-festivals-time-for-intervention
#10
Jasmine D Spivey, Joseph G L Lee, Stacy W Smallwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319435/black-lgb-identities-and-perceptions-of-same-sex-marriage
#11
Jess Lee
The 2015 SCOTUS ruling legalizing same-sex marriage was hailed as a universal victory for the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community, but the pervasive support mobilized to achieve this goal may mask important dissension and inequality within the community. Specifically, how race may shape or perpetuate inequalities in the LGB community through same-sex marriage has largely been absent from the discussion. Focusing on the perceived impact of same-sex marriage in respondents' lives, I investigate the relationship between black LGBs' perception of same-sex marriage legalization and their intersectional identities and community membership...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313191/paths-to-parenthood-among-self-identified-bisexual-individuals-in-the-united-states
#12
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Elizabeth Bartelt, Megan Simmons, J Dennis Fortenberry
Bisexual parents have been notably absent from prior research on parenting, despite comprising the largest proportion of parents among "lesbian, gay, and bisexual" (LGB) individuals. Indeed, recent national probability data indicate that young bisexual women are more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to report having at least one child. Intentions to have children, patterns of family planning and contraception use, and related issues have important implications for health and healthcare-related decisions and priorities among bisexual parents...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309754/providing-quality-family-planning-services-to-lgbtqia-individuals-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
David A Klein, Erin N Berry-Bibee, Kristin Keglovitz Baker, Nikita M Malcolm, Julia M Rollison, Brittni N Frederiksen
OBJECTIVE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, intersex and asexual (LGBTQIA) individuals have unique sexual and reproductive health needs; however, facilitators and barriers to optimal care are largely understudied. The objective of this study was to synthesize findings from a systematic review of the literature regarding the provision of quality family planning services to LGBTQIA clients to inform clinical and research strategies. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen electronic bibliographic databases (e...
January 5, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306523/palliative-and-end-of-life-care-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers
#14
REVIEW
Kristin G Cloyes, William Hull, Andra Davis
OBJECTIVE: To identify the unique needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cancer patients and caregivers, and review recommendations supporting more effective and inclusive palliative and end-of-life care. DATA SOURCES: Published research and clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: Transitions in care raise particular challenges for LGBT patients, including provider communication, perceptions of safety and acceptance, and assessing and respecting patients' definitions of family and spirituality...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303404/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-in-military-families-findings-from-the-california-healthy-kids-survey
#15
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Holly Shim-Pelayo
BACKGROUND: In addition to the challenges associated with military life, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in military families may face stressors associated with having a stigmatized sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression, placing them at risk of substance use. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study exploring substance use outcomes among LGBT youth in military families. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the role of military connection, LGB identity, and transgender identity on lifetime and past 30-day substance use...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303396/mental-health-correlates-of-cigarette-use-in-lgbt-individuals-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#16
Christopher F Drescher, Eliot J Lopez, James A Griffin, Thomas M Toomey, Elizabeth D Eldridge, Lara M Stepleman
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals is higher than for heterosexual, cisgender individuals. Elevated smoking rates have been linked to psychiatric comorbidities, substance use, poverty, low education levels, and stress. OBJECTIVES: This study examined mental health (MH) correlates of cigarette use in LGBT individuals residing in a metropolitan area in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants were 335 individuals from an LGBT health needs assessment (mean age 34...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300994/sexual-orientation-discrimination-and-tobacco-use-disparities-in-the-united-states
#17
Sean Esteban McCabe, Tonda L Hughes, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Brady T West, Carol J Boyd, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren
Introduction: Differences in tobacco/nicotine use by sexual orientation are well documented. Development of interventions requires attention to the etiology of these differences. This study examined associations among sexual orientation discrimination, cigarette smoking, any tobacco/nicotine use, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder (TUD) in the U.S. Methods: We used data from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions based on in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized U...
December 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297777/the-one-child-policy-eldercare-and-lgb-chinese-a-social-policy-explanation-for-family-pressure
#18
Timothy Hildebrandt
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people in China consistently report family pressure as the greatest challenge they face in their daily lives. This problem has been primarily explained by highlighting sociocultural factors. While such explanations are important to understanding family pressure, they do not easily lead to actionable policy interventions to relieve it. This article suggests a new way of looking at family pressure by positing a social policy explanation. In particular, it reveals how both the one-child policy and eldercare reforms have strong heteronormative biases which negatively and disproportionately affect LGB people and explores social policy interventions that may help address them...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297774/unraveling-health-disparities-among-sexual-and-gender-minorities-a-commentary-on-the-persistent-impact-of-stigma
#19
Ronald O Valdiserri, David R Holtgrave, Tonia C Poteat, Chris Beyrer
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) populations experience disparities in health outcomes, both physical and mental, compared to their heterosexual and cis-gender peers. This commentary confronts the view held by some researchers that the disparate rates of mental health problems reported among LGBT populations are the consequences of pursuing a particular life trajectory, rather than resulting from the corrosive and persistent impact of stigma. Suggesting that mental health disparities among LGBT populations arise internally, de novo, when individuals express non-heterosexual and non-conforming gender identities ignores the vast body of evidence documenting the destructive impact of socially-mediated stigma and systemic discrimination on health outcomes for a number of minorities, including sexual and gender minorities...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297753/alcohol-expectancies-heavy-drinking-and-indicators-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-a-community-based-sample-of-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#20
Jessica N Fish, Tonda L Hughes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations among alcohol expectancies, heavy episodic drinking (HED), and indicators of alcohol abuse and dependence in a community sample of lesbian and bisexual women. METHODS: We used adjusted logistic regression models to assess associations between alcohol expectancies and alcohol-related outcomes. RESULTS: Drinking expectancies were positively related to outcomes. Expectancies of "forgetting worries when depressed" were positively related to HED, whereas expectancies of increased aggression and ability to express anger were positively related to indicators of alcohol abuse and dependence...
January 3, 2018: LGBT Health
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