keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic Kidney Disease in Children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429520/performance-in-adolescents-of-the-two-japanese-serum-creatinine-based-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-equations-for-adults-and-paediatric-patients-a-study-of-the-japan-renal-biopsy-registry-and-japan-kidney-disease-registry-from-2007-to-2013
#1
Osamu Uemura, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Kenji Ishikura, Yoshimitsu Gotoh, Hiroshi Sato, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masataka Honda, Seiichi Matsuo
There are two different Japanese serum creatinine-based equations for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), for adults and paediatric patients, with both equations deemed applicable to 18-year-old subjects. This study assessed the relative accuracy of the two equations in assessing eGFR in patients aged 18 years with chronic kidney disease. A total of 3042 patients (1679 males and 1363 females), aged 2-20 years, who were registered in the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry or the Japan Kidney Disease Registry between 2007 and 2013 were evaluated...
June 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417430/the-emergence-of-kidney-stone-disease-during-childhood-impact-on-adults
#2
REVIEW
Jeremy R Bonzo, Gregory E Tasian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this chapter is to review the recent epidemiologic trends of kidney stone disease and discuss the impact of the increasing incidence of nephrolithiasis among children on adults with respect to extra-renal manifestations, surgical management, and secondary prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Among pediatric patients, kidney stone disease has been increasing at a rate of approximately 5-10% annually. Kidney stone disease has been associated with increased risks of coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease, hypertension, and decreased bone mineral density, which is concerning for patients diagnosed at a young age...
June 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412770/anemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Meredith A Atkinson, Bradley A Warady
Anemia is common and associated with adverse outcomes in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Many factors contribute to declining hemoglobin as CKD progresses, but impaired production of erythropoietin by failing kidneys is a central cause. Hepcidin-mediated iron restriction also contributes to anemia by downregulating both intestinal iron absorption and release of stored iron for erythropoiesis. The core components of anemia management remain erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) and iron supplementation, but despite these therapies, a substantial number of children remain anemic...
April 15, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402974/cardiac-changes-and-their-association-with-fetuin-a-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Abdullahi Mudi, Hopewell Ntsinjana, Caroline Dickens, Cecil Levy, Daynia Ballot
AIMS: In children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), fetuin-A and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) have been implicated in the mechanism and progression of several cardiac changes. This study aimed to determine the types and rates of cardiac changes in children with CKD and their association with fetuin-A, FGF-23, and other cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study recruited 88 children (5-18 years): 27 CKD I with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >90 mL/min/1...
April 13, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396941/effect-of-the-timing-of-dialysis-initiation-on-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-%C3%A4-nflammation-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Sevcan A Bakkaloğlu, Yaşar Kandur, Erkin Serdaroğlu, Aytül Noyan, Aysun Karabay Bayazıt, Lale Sever, Sare Gülfem Özlü, Gül Özçelik, İsmail Dursun, Caner Alparslan
BACKGROUND: The optimal time for dialysis initiation in adults and children with chronic kidney disease remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dialysis timing on different outcome parameters, in particular left ventricular (LV) morphology and inflammation, in pediatric patients receiving peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. METHODS: The medical records of pediatric dialysis patients who were followed-up in nine pediatric nephrology centers in Turkey between 2008 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 10, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392475/a-familial-case-of-severe-infantile-nephronophthisis-explained-by-oligogenic-inheritance
#6
Valentin Penchev, Anelia Boueva, Kunka Kamenarova, Dimitar Roussinov, Reni Tzveova, Mariya Ivanova, Violeta Dimitrova, Ivo Kremensky, Vanio Mitev, Radka Kaneva, Olga Beltcheva
Renal cysts are common malformation during the prenatal and postnatal period and frequent cause of chronic kidney or ESRD. More than 70 genes have been shown to play role in their pathology. Part of them are responsible for the structure and function of the cilia, which assigns a large proportion of the renal cystic diseases in the ciliopathies. Another group of genes responsible for cystic kidneys encodes transcription factors with crucial role during organogenesis. We describe here a systematic approach for identifying the genetic cause(s) of an unusually severe form of renal cystic disease in a family with multiple affected siblings...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392335/graves-disease-in-a-3-year-old-patient-with-agranulocytosis-due-to-anti-thyroid-drugs-radioiodine-ablation-therapy-as-an-effective-alternative
#7
E Espinosa-Muñoz, D Ramírez-Ocaña, A M Martín-García, F J Ruiz-García, C Puentes-Zarzuela
The case is presented of a 3 year-old girl with mitochondrial disease (subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy of Leigh syndrome), v-stage chronic kidney disease of a diffuse mesangial sclerosis, as well as developmental disorders, and diagnosed with hyperthyroidism Graves-Basedow disease. Six weeks after starting the treatment with neo-carbimazole, the patient reported a serious case of agranulocytosis. This led to stopping the anti-thyroid drugs, and was treated successfully with (131)I ablation therapy...
April 6, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391337/managing-glomerular-disease-in-pregnancy
#8
Michelle A Hladunewich, Kate Bramham, Belinda Jim, Sharon Maynard
Glomerular disease, especially lupus nephritis, is common in young women of childbearing age. As such, practicing nephrologists must have adequate knowledge and expertise to prepare these women for pregnancy, to diagnose and manage the numerous pregnancy-associated complications that are common in this vulnerable patient population and finally to support these young women who often struggle to manage both their young children along with an often onerous chronic disease. In this article we will review the pre-pregnancy counseling these women should ideally receive to allow them to make an informed decision about proceeding with a pregnancy, an approach to the diagnosis of pregnancy-associated worsening of kidney function and proteinuria as well as pregnancy-safe management strategies, including immunosuppression, antihypertensive agents and other medications necessary for the management of nephrotic syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382567/evaluating-risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#9
Jeffrey D Lebensburger, Gary R Cutter, Thomas H Howard, Paul Muntner, Daniel I Feig
BACKGROUND: Patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) have an increased prevalence of nephropathy and mortality from chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We evaluated the association of hyperuricemia and nocturnal hypertension with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using cystatin-C in patients aged 10-21 years with the HbSS or HbSB0 form of the disease during a non-acute clinic visit. eGFR and uric acid measurements were obtained in 83 and 81 participants, respectively, and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed in 44 participants...
April 5, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373590/vascular-damage-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-fog-is-dispersing
#10
Luminita Voroneanu, Adrian Covic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373588/vascular-stiffness-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Jonathan D Savant, Aisha Betoko, Kevin E C Meyers, Mark Mitsnefes, Joseph T Flynn, Raymond R Townsend, Larry A Greenbaum, Allison Dart, Bradley Warady, Susan L Furth
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is a measure of arterial stiffness associated with cardiovascular events in the general population and in adults with chronic kidney disease. However, few data exist regarding cfPWV in children with chronic kidney disease. We compared observed cfPWV assessed via applanation tonometry in children enrolled in the CKiD cohort study (Chronic Kidney Disease in Children) to normative data in healthy children and examined risk factors associated with elevated cfPWV. cfPWV Z score for height/gender and age/gender was calculated from and compared with published pediatric norms...
May 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372505/can-salivary-creatinine-and-urea-levels-be-used-to-diagnose-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-as-accurately-as-serum-creatinine-and-urea-levels-a-case-control-study
#12
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) develop many metabolic changes in blood that often necessitate frequent biochemical analysis. Serum analysis is an invasive and painful procedure. It would be highly beneficial if a noninvasive alternative process to serum analysis in children were identified. Saliva can be collected noninvasively, repeatedly, and without the use of healthcare personnel. The aims of this study were to compare serum and salivary urea and creatinine levels in children with CKD and healthy controls, and to determine if salivary creatinine and urea levels can be used to diagnose CKD in children as accurately as serum creatinine and urea levels...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366347/sleep-disturbance-in-pediatric-patients-on-automated-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
Cláudia Gomes, Lia Oliveira, Rosário Ferreira, Carla Simão
OBJECTIVE: There are few reports describing sleep disturbance (SD) in children on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD), and they are mostly based on the application of questionnaires. As far as we know, only two studies used polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard for the diagnosis of SD. This is the first study assessing SD in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on APD in our country. METHODS: This was an observational and descriptive study. Children up to 18 years of age who had undergone APD for a minimum of three months were considered eligible...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361229/obesity-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipients-and-the-risks-of-acute-rejection-graft-loss-and-death
#14
Maleeka Ladhani, Samantha Lade, Stephen I Alexander, Louise A Baur, Philip A Clayton, Stephen McDonald, Jonathan C Craig, Germaine Wong
BACKGROUND: Obesity is prevalent in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the health consequences of this combination of comorbidities are uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of obesity on the outcomes of children following kidney transplantation. METHODS: Using data from the ANZDATA Registry (1994-2013), we assessed the association between age-appropriate body mass index (BMI) at the time of transplantation and the subsequent development of acute rejection (within the first 6 months), graft loss and death using adjusted Cox proportional hazards models...
March 30, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359257/plasma-urotensin-ii-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-centre-study
#15
Anastasia Garoufi, Styliani Drapanioti, Antonios Marmarinos, Varvara Askiti, Andromachi J Mitsioni, Maria Mila, Georgia Grigoriadou, Dimitrios Georgakopoulos, Constantinos J Stefanidis, Dimitrios Gourgiotis
BACKGROUND: Increased plasma Urotensin II (UII) levels have been found in adults with renal diseases. Studies in children are scarce. The objective of the study is to estimate plasma UII levels in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 to 5 and renal transplant recipients (RTR). In addition, the correlation of UII with anthropometric features and biochemical parameters was assessed. METHODS: Fifty-four subjects, aged 3 to 20 years old, 23 with CKD, 13 with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and 18 RTR were enrolled...
March 31, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353009/acute-kidney-injury-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-compounding-a-chronic-problem
#16
EDITORIAL
Cherry Mammen, Mei Lin Bissonnette, Douglas G Matsell
In an article recently published in Pediatric Nephrology, Baddam and colleagues discuss the relatively underreported clinical problem of repeated episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Their report is a cautionary note about the importance of repeated kidney injury on the background of underlying chronic kidney injury and its potential implications on long-term kidney outcome. In children and adults with SCD, this includes the effects of repeated vaso-occlusive crises and the management of these painful episodes with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
March 28, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348065/genomic-disorders-and-neurocognitive-impairment-in-pediatric-ckd
#17
Miguel Verbitsky, Amy J Kogon, Matthew Matheson, Stephen R Hooper, Craig S Wong, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Ali G Gharavi
Children with CKD are at increased risk for neurocognitive impairment, but whether neurocognitive dysfunction is solely attributable to impaired renal function is unclear. Data from the CKD in Children Study Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) Study indicate that a subset of children with CKD have unsuspected genomic disorders that predispose them to organ malformations and neurocognitive impairment. We therefore tested whether the CKiD Study participants with genomic disorders had impaired neurocognitive performance at enrollment...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341559/-moyamoya-disease-associated-with-kidney-angiodysplasia-in-a-child
#18
A Dibi, Z Maana, F Jabourik, A Bentahila
INTRODUCTION: Moyamoya disease is a progressive, chronic occlusive vascular disease of the circle of Willis arteries leading to the development of collateral circulation to compensate the occlusion. CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old girl presented an abrupt loss of consciousness and a right-sided motor deficit. Clinical examination found hypertension with 220/120mmHg arterial blood pressure. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a large left hemispheric ischemic lesion...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339567/role-of-biomechanical-forces-in-hyperfiltration-mediated-glomerular-injury-in-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract
#19
Tarak Srivastava, Ganesh Thiagarajan, Uri S Alon, Ram Sharma, Ashraf El-Meanawy, Ellen T McCarthy, Virginia J Savin, Mukut Sharma
Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) including solitary kidney constitute the main cause of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. Children born with CAKUT develop signs of CKD only during adolescence and do not respond to renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers. Early cellular changes underlying CKD progression to end-stage renal disease by early adulthood are not well understood. The mechanism of maladaptive hyperfiltration that occurs from loss of functional nephrons, including solitary kidney, is not clear...
January 17, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334964/mutations-in-the-leukemia-inhibitory-factor-receptor-lifr-gene-and-lifr-deficiency-cause-urinary-tract-malformations
#20
Anne Kosfeld, Frank Brand, Anna-Carina Weiss, Martin Kreuzer, Michaela Goerk, Helge Martens, Stephanie Schubert, Anne-Kathrin Schäfer, Vera Riehmer, Imke Hennies, Jan Hinrich Bräsen, Lars Pape, Kerstin Amann, Lars Krogvold, Anna Bjerre, Christoph Daniel, Andreas Kispert, Dieter Haffner, Ruthild G Weber
Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the most common cause of chronic kidney disease in children. As CAKUT is a genetically heterogeneous disorder and most cases are genetically unexplained, we aimed to identify new CAKUT causing genes. Using whole-exome sequencing and trio-based de novo analysis, we identified a novel heterozygous de novo frameshift variant in the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIFR) gene causing instability of the mRNA in a patient presenting with bilateral CAKUT and requiring kidney transplantation at one year of age...
March 8, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
keyword
keyword
13433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"