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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428846/long-term-and-widespread-changes-in-agricultural-practices-influence-ring-necked-pheasant-abundance-in-california
#1
Peter S Coates, Brianne E Brussee, Kristy B Howe, Joseph P Fleskes, Ian A Dwight, Daniel P Connelly, Matt G Meshriy, Scott C Gardner
Declines in bird populations in agricultural regions of North America and Europe have been attributed to agricultural industrialization, increases in use of agrochemical application, and increased predation related to habitat modification. Based on count data compiled from Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) from 1974 to 2012, Christmas Bird Count (CBC) collected from 1914 to 2013, and hunter data from Annual Game Take Survey (AGTS) for years 1948-2010, ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in California have experienced substantial declines in agricultural environments...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422796/waterless-hand-rub-versus-traditional-hand-scrub-methods-for-preventing-the-surgical-site-infection-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#2
Kentaro Iwakiri, Akio Kobayashi, Masahiko Seki, Yoshiyuki Ando, Tadao Tsujio, Masatoshi Hoshino, Hiroaki Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study with prospectively collected data OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare SSI incidences, the cost of hand hygiene agents, and hand hygiene time between the traditional hand scrub and the waterless hand rub protocols before orthopaedic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical-site-infections (SSI) prolong hospitalization and are a leading nosocomial cause of morbidity as well as a source of excess cost. Recently, a waterless hand rub protocol comprising alcohol based chlorhexidine gluconate for use before surgery was developed, but no studies have yet examined its utility in orthopaedic surgery...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420167/treatment-and-prevention-of-bleeds-in-haemophilia-patients-with-inhibitors-to-factor-viii-ix
#3
REVIEW
Angiola Rocino, Massimo Franchini, Antonio Coppola
The development of alloantibodies neutralising therapeutically administered factor (F) VIII/IX (inhibitors) is currently the most severe complication of the treatment of haemophilia. When persistent and at a high titre, inhibitors preclude the standard replacement treatment with FVIII/FIX concentrates, making patients' management challenging. Indeed, the efficacy of bypassing agents, i.e., activated prothrombin complex concentrates (aPCC) and recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), needed to overcome the haemostatic interference of the inhibitor, is not comparable to that of factor concentrates...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418743/stockpile-model-of-personal-protective-equipment-in-taiwan
#4
Yu-Ju Chen, Po-Jung Chiang, Yu-Hsin Cheng, Chun-Wei Huang, Hui-Yun Kao, Chih-Kai Chang, Hsun-Miao Huang, Pei-Yin Liu, Jen-Hsin Wang, Yi-Chien Chih, Shu-Mei Chou, Chin-Hui Yang, Chang-Hsun Chen
The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) has established a 3-tier personal protective equipment (PPE) stockpiling framework that could maintain a minimum stockpile for the surge demand of PPE in the early stage of a pandemic. However, PPE stockpiling efforts must contend with increasing storage fees and expiration problems. In 2011, the Taiwan CDC initiated a stockpile replacement model in order to optimize the PPE stockpiling efficiency, ensure a minimum stockpile, use the government's limited funds more effectively, and achieve the goal of sustainable management...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418577/prospective-assessment-of-sleep-quality-before-and-after-primary-total-joint-replacement
#5
Blaine T Manning, Sean M Kearns, Daniel D Bohl, Tori Edmiston, Scott M Sporer, Brett R Levine
Sleep disruption is a common, yet rarely addressed, complaint among patients who have undergone total joint arthroplasty (TJA). This study assessed sleep quality before and after primary TJA. A total of 105 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prospectively completed questionnaires during the preoperative, early postoperative, and late postoperative periods. The survey included the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, current sleeping habits, and patient perspectives of sleep quality and duration...
April 18, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418007/saturated-fatty-acids-induce-development-of-both-metabolic-syndrome-and-osteoarthritis-in-rats
#6
Sunderajhan Sekar, Siti Raihanah Shafie, Indira Prasadam, Ross Crawford, Sunil K Panchal, Lindsay Brown, Yin Xiao
The predominant saturated fatty acids (SFA) in human diets are lauric acid (LA, C12:0), myristic acid (MA, C14:0), palmitic acid (PA, C16:0) and stearic acid (SA, C18:0). The aim of this study was to investigate whether diets containing individual SFA together with excess simple carbohydrates induce osteoarthritis (OA)-like changes in knee joints and signs of metabolic syndrome in rats. Rats were given either a corn starch diet or a diet composed of simple carbohydrates together with 20% LA, MA, PA, SA or beef tallow for 16 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412954/does-a-quality-improvement-campaign-accelerate-take-up-of-new-evidence-a-ten-state-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-institute-for-health-improvement-s-project-joints
#7
Eric C Schneider, Melony E Sorbero, Ann Haas, M Susan Ridgely, Dmitry Khodyakov, Claude M Setodji, Gareth Parry, Susan S Huang, Deborah S Yokoe, Don Goldmann
BACKGROUND: A decade ago, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement pioneered a quality improvement (QI) campaign, leveraging organizational and personal social networks to disseminate new practices. There have been few rigorous studies of the QI campaign approach. METHODS: Project JOINTS (Joining Organizations IN Tackling SSIs) engaged a network of state-based organizations and professionals in a 6-month QI campaign promoting adherence to three new evidence-based practices known to reduce the risk of infection after joint replacement...
April 17, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412103/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-compared-with-hemiarthroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-acute-proximal-humeral-fractures
#8
Michael van der Merwe, Matthew J Boyle, Christopher M A Frampton, Craig M Ball
BACKGROUND: Complex proximal humeral fractures may require prosthetic replacement of the humeral head. Surgical options include reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and shoulder hemiarthroplasty; however, the optimal technique remains controversial. The goal of this study was to compare functional outcomes and revision rates of RSA with hemiarthroplasty in patients with acute proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014, there were 218 patients who underwent RSA and 427 who underwent hemiarthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures identified through New Zealand Joint Registry records...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408203/surgeon-involvement-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-united-states-a-2016-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-survey
#9
Joseph E Bavaria, Richard L Prager, Keith S Naunheim, Mark S Allen, Robert S D Higgins, Vinod H Thourani, Thomas E MacGillivray, Natalie Boden, Joseph F Sabik
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) surveyed cardiothoracic surgeon participants in its Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (ACSD) to learn the extent of surgeon involvement in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures. METHODS: An electronic survey was delivered to 2,594 surgeons in June 2016. When the survey closed 2 weeks later, 487 completed surveys had been submitted for a response rate of 18.8%. RESULTS: Among the 487 participants in the ACSD who responded to the survey, 410 (84...
April 6, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405708/-supramalleolar-osteotomy-in-asymmetric-ankle-osteoarthritis-short-term-clinical-and-radiographic-results
#10
A Barg, M Wiewiorski, J Paul, M Wurm, M Jacxsens, K Nykytina, V Valderrabano
BACKGROUND: The main indication for the supramalleolar osteotomy is asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis with concomitant supramalleolar valgus or varus deformity. The aim of this prospective study was to analyze short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis. METHODS: A total of 16 patients with asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis and concomitant supramalleolar deformity - 7 patients with valgus deformity, 9 patients with varus deformity - were treated...
April 12, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405220/intraoperative-complications-during-revision-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-study-using-the-national-joint-registry-dataset
#11
Helen M Ingoe, Philip Holland, Paul Cowling, Lucksy Kottam, Paul N Baker, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: The surgical options for revision shoulder arthroplasty and the number of procedures performed are increasing. However, little is known about the risk factors for intraoperative complications associated with this complex surgery. METHODS: The National Joint Registry (NJR) is a surgeon reported database recording information on major joint replacements including revision shoulder arthroplasty. Using multivariable binary logistic regression modelling, we analyzed 1445 revision shoulder arthroplasties reported to the NJR between April 2012 and 2015...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403859/managing-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-surgeons-decision-making-for-one-stage-and-two-stage-revision-surgery-for-prosthetic-hip-joint-infection
#12
Andrew J Moore, Ashley W Blom, Michael R Whitehouse, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Approximately 88,000 primary hip replacements are performed in England and Wales each year. Around 1% go on to develop deep prosthetic joint infection. Between one-stage and two-stage revision arthroplasty best treatment options remain unclear. Our aims were to characterise consultant orthopaedic surgeons' decisions about performing either one-stage or two-stage revision surgery for patients with deep prosthetic infection (PJI) after hip arthroplasty, and to identify whether a randomised trial comparing one-stage with two-stage revision would be feasible...
April 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402447/infectious-disease-dynamics-inferred-from-genetic-data-via-sequential-monte-carlo
#13
R A Smith, E L Ionides, A A King
Genetic sequences from pathogens can provide information about infectious disease dynamics that may supplement or replace information from other epidemiological observations. Most currently available methods first estimate phylogenetic trees from sequence data, then estimate a transmission model conditional on these phylogenies. Outside limited classes of models, existing methods are unable to enforce logical consistency between the model of transmission and that underlying the phylogenetic reconstruction. Such conicts in assumptions can lead to bias in the resulting inferences...
April 8, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400660/anthropometric-analysis-of-the-hip-joint-in-south-indian-population-using-computed-tomography
#14
Vetrivel Chezian Sengodan, Elangovan Sinmayanantham, J Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Proximal femur has a significant functional modification on erect bipedal posture. Various proximal femoral parameters were analyzed in Western literature. This information was utilized in prosthetic designing. Implants designed for Western people are used in Indian patients undergoing hip surgeries such as internal fixation and replacement arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done among 200 individuals (400 hips) with a normal hip joint after ethical committee clearance...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399786/non-constrained-implant-arthroplasty-for-the-distal-radioulnar-joint
#15
B D Adams, J L Gaffey
A variety of surgical techniques are used to treat the arthritic distal radioulnar joint, which is influenced by aetiology and previous procedures. Four types of ulnar head arthroplasty exist: total ulnar head, partial ulnar head, unlinked total distal radioulnar joint, and linked distal radioulnar joint. Although long-term outcome studies are sparse, short-term clinical and biomechanical studies have shown encouraging results, leading to expanded indications. Based on our experience and a literature review, patients are advised that pain is improved but minor pain is common after strenuous activity...
May 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390883/is-orthopedic-department-teaching-status-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-of-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Matthew R Boylan, Dean C Perfetti, Qais Naziri, Aditya V Maheshwari, Carl B Paulino, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Although resident physicians play a vital role in the US health care system, they are believed to create inefficiencies in the delivery of care. Under the regional component of the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement model, teaching hospitals are forced to compete on efficiency and outcomes with nonteaching hospitals. METHODS: We identified 86,021 patients undergoing elective primary total hip arthroplasty in New York State between January 1, 2009, and September 30, 2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390607/endoscopic-middle-ear-exploration-in-pediatric-patients-with-conductive-hearing-loss
#17
John M Carter, Stephen R Hoff
OBJECTIVE: To describe our indications, findings, and outcomes for transcanal endoscopic middle ear exploration in pediatric patients with conductive hearing loss of unknown etiology, without effusions. METHODS: Prospective case series for all pediatric patients undergoing totally endoscopic transcanal middle ear exploration between April 2012 and October 2015 at a pediatric tertiary care referral hospital. Demographic data, operative findings, and hearing results were reviewed...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#18
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389760/surgical-treatment-of-monteggia-variant-fracture-dislocations-of-the-elbow-in-adults-surgical-technique-and-clinical-outcomes
#19
Hosam E Matar, Pavel I Akimau, David Stanley, Amjid A Ali
PURPOSE: Monteggia variant defined as Monteggia fracture dislocation with radial head or neck fracture, coronoid fracture, ulnohumeral joint dislocation or combination of these injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of Monteggia variant fracture dislocations with focus on the operative technique and management of associated radial head fractures. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2014, 22 patients (7 men, 15 women) with a mean age of 58...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384530/notoginsenoside-r1-suppresses-wear-particle-induced-osteolysis-and-rankl-mediated-osteoclastogenesis-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#20
Shuai Zhao, Lianqi Yan, Xiaolei Li, Zhen Zhang, Yu Sun, Jingcheng Wang
Aseptic periprosthetic osteolysis is a complication induced by wear particles after hip joint replacement, which shortens the service life of prostheses. Although many methods have been applied to prevent this complication, the results were not always successful. In the present study, we explored the prophylactic effect of notoginsenoside R1 (NG-R1) on a Ti particle-induced mouse calvarial osteolysis model and the inhibitory effect on RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast bone resorption. Our results indicated that intraperitoneal injection of NG-R1(10 or 20mg/kg/day), a constituent of notoginseng, alleviates Ti particle-induced mouse calvarial osteolysis after twelve days post-treatment...
April 3, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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