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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457538/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-infusion-during-spinal-anesthesia-on-hemodynamics-and-sedation
#1
Ebru Tarıkçı Kılıç, Gaye Aydın
We evaluated the effects of intravenous dexmedetomidine during spinal anesthesia on hemodynamics, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, sedpain, and compared them with those of saline infusion. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II cases were randomly divided into two groups. Patients were connected to the monitor after premedication, and spinal anesthesia was administered. Sensory and motor blockades were assessed using pinprick test and Bromage scale, respectively. Group I received dexmedetomidine infusion and Group II received saline infusion...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457468/experiences-of-racism-sexual-objectification-and-alcohol-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-of-colour
#2
Rusty Souleymanov, David J Brennan, Clemon George, Richard Utama, Andre Ceranto
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that experiences of racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with health risk behaviours among gay and bisexual men of colour. However, little is known about whether racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with alcohol use among this population. This community-based study examined the association between racial discrimination, sexual objectification and alcohol use in a sample of 369 gay and bisexual men of colour (Black/African/Caribbean, Latino/Latin American, South Asian, and East and Southeast Asian) in Toronto...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455719/community-engagement-and-venue-based-sampling-in-adolescent-male-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-research
#3
Mary A Ott, Julianne Campbell, Teresa M Imburgia, Ziyi Yang, Wanzhu Tu, Colette L Auerswald
OBJECTIVES: Middle adolescent males are a difficult group to recruit for community sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention research. We describe a process of community engagement, and venue-based sampling of 14-17-year-old adolescent males, and compare rates of STIs and STI risk behaviors by venue. METHODS: Community engagement consisted of (1) informational meetings with organizations; (2) participation in community meetings and events; (3) hiring community members as study personnel; and (4) an adolescent advisory board recruited from the community...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450600/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-co-occurrence-of-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-a-national-population-based-study-2008-2015
#4
Richard Bränström, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Although strong evidence documents the elevated prevalence of both substance use and mental health problems among sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, and bisexuals), relatively less research has examined whether risk of the co-occurrence of these factors is elevated among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. The object of this study was to (1) explore sexual orientation-based differences in substance use, psychological distress, and their co-occurrence in a representative sample in Sweden, and (2) examine if greater exposure to stressors, such as discrimination, victimization/threats, and social isolation, could explain these potential disparities and their co-occurrence...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450483/implementation-research-embracing-practitioners-views
#5
Julie L Feuerstein, Lesley B Olswang, Kathryn J Greenslade, Patricia Dowden, Gay Lloyd Pinder, Jodi Madden
Purpose: This research explores practitioners' perspectives during the implementation of triadic gaze intervention (TGI), an evidence-based protocol for assessing and planning treatment targeting gaze as an early signal of intentional communication for young children with physical disabilities. Method: Using qualitative methods, 7 practitioners from 1 early intervention center reported their perceptions about (a) early intervention for young children with physical disabilities, (b) acceptability and feasibility in the use of the TGI protocol in routine practice, and (c) feasibility of the TGI training...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#6
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447462/exploring-talk-about-sexuality-and-living-gay-social-lives-among-chinese-and-south-asian-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-auckland-new-zealand
#7
Jeffery Adams, Stephen Neville
OBJECTIVE: To identify ways Chinese and South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland talk about issues related to sexuality and experiences of living 'gay social lives.' Results will be available to inform health policy and practice. DESIGN: A qualitative design with individual interviews and thematic analysis was used. Semi-structured digitally recorded interviews were undertaken with 27 Chinese and 17 South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446005/assessing-oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-students
#8
Gaye Keser, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
The aim of this study was to assess oral cancer awareness among undergraduate dental students in Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry. A validated questionnaire which tested oral cancer awareness was given to third- and fifth-year students of the dental faculty of Marmara University. A total of 198 students participated in this survey. Knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and diagnosis procedures, dentistry student's attitude towards oral cancers, management practice regarding oral cancer, and oral cancer information sources were assessed using 25 questions...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440422/climate-for-women-in-climate-science-women-scientists-and-the-intergovernmental-panel-on-climate-change
#9
Miriam Gay-Antaki, Diana Liverman
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an authoritative and influential source of reports on climate change. The lead authors of IPCC reports include scientists from around the world, but questions have been raised about the dominance of specific disciplines in the report and the disproportionate number of scholars from the Global North. In this paper, we analyze the as-yet-unexamined issue of gender and IPCC authorship, looking at changes in gender balance over time and analyzing women's views about their experience and barriers to full participation, not only as women but also at the intersection of nationality, race, command of English, and discipline...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438203/does-periosteal-graft-combined-with-platelet-rich-plasma-enhance-the-healing-of-bone-defect
#10
Arzu Türkseven, Derya Özçelik, Mert Çaliş, Hakan Hamdi Celik, Fahri Yilmaz, Ömer Önbaş, Alper Vatansever, Gaye Toplu
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the effect of periosteal graft + platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combination on facial bone defect healing. METHODS: Five-millimeter critical sized defects in zygomatic arches of 12 adult New Zealand rabbits were created. Rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups: First group (control group): bone defects of left zygomatic arches of 6 rabbits were wrapped with a silicone tube. Second group (periosteal graft group): bone defects of left zygomatic arches of 6 rabbits were wrapped with periosteal graft...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436869/quality-of-web-based-family-building-information-for-lgbtq-individuals
#11
Fabiana M Kreines, Alex Farr, Frank A Chervenak, Amos Grünebaum
OBJECTIVE: The number of patients who seek health information on the internet is increasing. Rates are particularly high among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, due to health care barriers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and inclusivity of web-based information pertaining to LGBTQ family building. METHODS: The first 100 US-based websites pertaining to LGBTQ family building were identified through a terminology-based internet search...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435390/insights-in-public-health-in-what-ways-are-hawaii-s-hiv-prevention-services-engaging-gay-male-couples-and-using-technology
#12
Amber I Sophus, Loren Fujitani, Samantha Vallabhbhai, Jo Anna Antonio, Pua Lani Yang, Elyssa Elliott, Jason W Mitchell
Partner-oriented services and Health Information and Communication technology (HICT) in the forms of mHealth (eg, smartphone applications), eHealth (eg, interactive websites), telemedicine, and social media play an important and growing role in HIV prevention. Accordingly, the present study sought to describe: (1) the primary and secondary HIV prevention services available in Hawai'i, (2) the prevention services that are available for gay male couples and partners, and (3) the prevention services that use HICT...
February 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434584/tlr3-ligand-poly-i-c-exerts-distinct-actions-in-synovial-fibroblasts-when-delivered-by-extracellular-vesicles
#13
Mojca Frank-Bertoncelj, David S Pisetsky, Christoph Kolling, Beat A Michel, Renate E Gay, Astrid Jüngel, Steffen Gay
Extracellular vesicles (EV) can modulate the responses of cells to toll-like receptor (TLR) ligation; conversely, TLR ligands such as double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) can enhance the release of EV and influence of the composition and functions of EV cargos. Inflamed synovial joints in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are rich in EV and extracellular RNA; besides, RNA released from necrotic synovial fluid cells can activate the TLR3 signaling in synovial fibroblasts (SFs) from patients with RA. Since EV occur prominently in synovial joints in RA and may contribute to the pathogenesis, we questioned whether EV can interact with dsRNA, a TLR3 ligand, and modify its actions in arthritis...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431974/childhood-bullying-implications-for-physicians
#14
Mary M Stephens, Hazel T Cook-Fasano, Katherine Sibbaluca
Childhood bullying is common and can lead to serious adverse physical and mental health effects for both the victim and the bully. In teenagers, risk factors for becoming a victim of bullying include being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender; having a disability or medical condition such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, a skin condition, or food allergy; or being an outlier in weight and stature. An estimated 20% of youth have been bullied on school property, and 16% have been bullied electronically in the past year...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429865/mental-health-drug-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#15
Garrett Prestage, Mohamed Hammoud, Fengyi Jin, Louisa Degenhardt, Adam Bourne, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, among gay and bisexual men (GBM) prevalence rates of anxiety and depression, and of drug use, are high. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the relationship between mental health, sexual risk behavior, and drug use among Australian GBM. We identify factors associated with indicators of poor mental health. METHODS: Between September 2014 and July 2017, 3017 GBM responded to measures of anxiety and depression in an online cohort study of drug use...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429864/prevalence-and-correlates-of-recent-injecting-drug-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia-results-from-the-flux-study
#16
H Bui, I Zablotska-Manos, M Hammoud, F Jin, T Lea, A Bourne, J Iversen, N Bath, J Grierson, L Degenhardt, G Prestage, L Maher
BACKGROUND: While illicit drug use is prevalent among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia, little is known about the factors associated with injecting drug use among GBM. METHODS: The Following Lives Undergoing Change (FLUX) study is a national, online prospective observational cohort investigating drug use among Australian GBM. Eligible participants were men living in Australia who were aged 16.5 years or older, identified as gay or bisexual or had sex with at least one man in the last year...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422719/burnout-in-hiv-aids-volunteers-a-socio-cultural-analysis-among-latino-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-people
#17
Yamile Molina, Jessica Dirkes, Jesus Ramirez-Valles
Understanding factors associated with burnout among HIV/AIDS volunteers has long-ranging implications for community organizations and prevention. Using a cross-sectional sample of Latino gay/bisexual men and transgender people (N=309), we assess potential correlates of burnout identified by multiple theories, including factors associated with volunteering (experiences, motives) and contextual factors (stigma, sense of community). Reporting negative volunteering experiences was positively associated with burnout, while being motivated by personal HIV/AIDS experiences and having a greater sense of GLBT community was negatively related to burnout...
December 2017: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422452/population-size-estimation-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-social-media-based-platforms
#18
Stefan Baral, Rachael M Turner, Carrie E Lyons, Sean Howell, Brian Honermann, Alex Garner, Robert Hess, Daouda Diouf, George Ayala, Patrick S Sullivan, Greg Millett
BACKGROUND: Gay, bisexual, and other cisgender men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV pandemic. Traditionally, GBMSM have been deemed less relevant in HIV epidemics in low- and middle-income settings where HIV epidemics are more generalized. This is due (in part) to how important population size estimates regarding the number of individuals who identify as GBMSM are to informing the development and monitoring of HIV prevention, treatment, and care programs and coverage...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422324/abatacept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-interstitial-lung-disease-a-national-multicenter-study-of-63-patients
#19
Carlos Fernández-Díaz, Javier Loricera, Santos Castañeda, Raquel López-Mejías, Clara Ojeda-García, Alejandro Olivé, Samantha Rodríguez-Muguruza, Patricia E Carreira, Trinidad Pérez-Sandoval, Miriam Retuerto, Evelin C Cervantes-Pérez, Bryan J Flores-Robles, Blanca Hernández-Cruz, Ana Urruticoechea, Olga Maíz-Alonso, Luis Arboleya, Gema Bonilla, Íñigo Hernández-Rodríguez, Desirée Palma, Concepción Delgado, Rosa Expósito-Molinero, Ana Ruibal-Escribano, Belén Álvarez-Rodríguez, Juan Blanco-Madrigal, José A Bernal, Paloma Vela-Casasempere, Manuel Rodríguez-Gómez, Concepción Fito, Francisco Ortiz-Sanjuán, Javier Narváez, Manuel Moreno, Mireia López-Corbeto, Natalia Mena-Vázquez, Clara Aguilera-Cros, Susana Romero-Yuste, Sergi Ordóñez, Ignacio Villa-Blanco, M Carmen Gonzélez-Vela, Víctor Mora-Cuesta, Natalia Palmou-Fontana, José L Hernández, Miguel A González-Gay, Ricardo Blanco
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) in patients with ILD associated to RA. METHODS: National multicenter, non-controlled, open-label registry study of RA patients with ILD treated with ABA. RESULTS: 63 patients (36 women) with RA-associated ILD undergoing ABA therapy were studied. The mean ± standard deviation age at the time of the study was 63...
January 6, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422322/-exceptional-etiology-of-acute-renal-burkitt-s-lymphoma
#20
Cherif Dial, Kwame Doh, Ibou Thiam, Mariam Faye, Gisèle Woto-Gaye
INTRODUCTION: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an exceptional cause of acute renal failure (ARF). The origin of the tumor clone may be lymphoid follicles secondary to renal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. With the presentation of this clinical case, the pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and evolution of this extremely rare affection will be discussed. OBSERVATION: A 4-year-old patient with a recent history of acute osteomyelitis of the right thigh presented an ARF without indications of post-infectious glomerulonephritis...
February 5, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
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