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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936371/testing-cross-sectional-and-prospective-mediators-of-internalized-heterosexism-on-heavy-drinking-alcohol-problems-and-psychological-distress-among-heavy-drinking-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Alexis Kuerbis, Ethan H Mereish, Marie Hayes, Christine M Davis, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
OBJECTIVE: Minority stress theory is one of the primary theories used to understand substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. This study tested whether drinking to cope with stress (DTC), loneliness, and gay community participation (GCP) mediated the relationship between one type of minority stress (i.e., internalized heterosexism) and behavioral health outcomes. METHOD: Using secondary data analysis and the PROCESS procedure, relationships between internalized heterosexism, the mediators (DTC, loneliness, and GCP), and outcomes (heavy drinking, alcohol problems, and psychological distress) were explored, both cross-sectionally and in a lagged manner, among both treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking problem drinking men who have sex with men...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935987/patient-reported-treatment-satisfaction-with-rivaroxaban-for-stroke-prevention-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-french-observational-study-the-safari-study
#2
Olivier Hanon, Edouard Chaussade, Pierre Gueranger, Elise Gruson, Sabrina Bonan, Alain Gay
BACKGROUND: For antithrombotic treatments, Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) and patient satisfaction with treatment are essential data for physicians because of the strong relationship between patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment. The impact of rivaroxaban on patient satisfaction and quality of life was not sufficiently documented in phase III studies. There is a need for further data in this field especially in real life conditions. METHODS: The SAFARI study is composed of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), previously treated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA) and switched to rivaroxaban...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#3
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934281/the-estimated-six-year-mercury-dry-deposition-across-north-america
#4
Leiming Zhang, Zhiyong Wu, Irene Cheng, L Paige Wright, Mark L Olson, David A Gay, Martin R Risch, Steven Brooks, Mark S Castro, Gary D Conley, Eric S Edgerton, Thomas M Holsen, Winston Luke, Robert Tordon, Peter Weiss-Penzias
Dry deposition of atmospheric mercury (Hg) to various land covers surrounding 24 sites in North America was estimated for the years 2009 to 2014. Depending on location, multiyear mean annual Hg dry deposition was estimated to range from 5.1 to 23.8 μg m(-2) yr(-1) to forested canopies, 2.6 to 20.8 μg m(-2) yr(-1) to nonforest vegetated canopies, 2.4 to 11.2 μg m(-2) yr(-1) to urban and built up land covers, and 1.0 to 3.2 μg m(-2) yr(-1) to water surfaces. In the rural or remote environment in North America, annual Hg dry deposition to vegetated surfaces is dominated by leaf uptake of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), contrary to what was commonly assumed in earlier studies which frequently omitted GEM dry deposition as an important process...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932634/a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-about-people-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-intersex-or-questioning
#5
Nathan J Wilson, Jemima Macdonald, Brenda Hayman, Alexandra M Bright, Patsie Frawley, Gisselle Gallego
This narrative review of the research literature presents a summary about the key issues facing people with intellectual disability (ID) who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex or questioning (LGBTIQ). The aim of this review was to consolidate research of the topic; to identify whether any pilot studies reporting social/sexual/educational interventions had been published; and to offer some perspective on the type of future research required to better inform policy, practice and theory that may lead to better outcomes for people with ID who identify as LGBTIQ...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931519/high-prevalence-of-hiv-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-attending-trusted-community-centres-in-abuja-and-lagos-nigeria
#6
Babajide Keshinro, Trevor A Crowell, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, Sheila Peel, Charlotte A Gaydos, Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Stefan D Baral, Melissa J Walsh, Ogbonnaya S Njoku, Sunday Odeyemi, Teclaire Ngo-Ndomb, William A Blattner, Merlin L Robb, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie Ake
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence have been reported to be higher amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria than in the general population. The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence of HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhoea in this population using laboratory-based universal testing. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 represents a cohort of MSM and transgender women (TGW) recruited at trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, using respondent-driven sampling (RDS)...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930901/a-longitudinal-study-of-persistent-smoking-among-hiv-positive-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-primary-relationships
#7
Kristi E Gamarel, Torsten B Neilands, Amy A Conroy, Samantha E Dilworth, Nadra Lisha, Jonelle M Taylor, Lynae A Darbes, Mallory O Johnson
INTRODUCTION: We examined the stability of smoking behaviors, and factors associated with persistent smoking in a longitudinal study of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men in primary relationships. METHODS: A sample of 377 HIV-positive men on antiretroviral therapy and their same-sex partners completed five assessments over two years. Participants completed semi-structured interviews which assessed smoking status, sociodemographic factors, relationship dynamics, and HIV-related disease characteristics...
November 18, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930741/correction-safety-of-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-smc-with-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-plus-amodiaquine-when-delivered-to-children-under-10-years-of-age-by-district-health-services-in-senegal-results-from-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
J L NDiaye, B Cissé, E H Ba, J F Gomis, C T Ndour, J F Molez, F B Fall, C Sokhna, B Faye, E Kouevijdin, F K Niane, M Cairns, J F Trape, C Rogier, O Gaye, B M Greenwood, P J M Milligan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162563.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929299/examining-moderators-of-discrimination-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals
#9
Richard P Douglass, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Blake A Allan
Research has found perceived discrimination to be a risk factor for mental health concerns among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but less clarity exists linking perceived discrimination with well-being outcomes. Building from Meyer's (2003) minority stress model, the present study examined the links between perceived discrimination and the 3 components of subjective well-being: positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. Self-esteem and stigma consciousness were explored as empirically and theoretically implied moderators...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929062/an-oxygen-sensitive-toxin-antitoxin-system
#10
Oriol Marimon, João M C Teixeira, Tiago N Cordeiro, Valerie W C Soo, Thammajun L Wood, Maxim Mayzel, Irene Amata, Jesús García, Ainara Morera, Marina Gay, Marta Vilaseca, Vladislav Yu Orekhov, Thomas K Wood, Miquel Pons
The Hha and TomB proteins from Escherichia coli form an oxygen-dependent toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. Here we show that YmoB, the Yersinia orthologue of TomB, and its single cysteine variant [C117S]YmoB can replace TomB as antitoxins in E. coli. In contrast to other TA systems, [C117S]YmoB transiently interacts with Hha (rather than forming a stable complex) and enhances the spontaneous oxidation of the Hha conserved cysteine residue to a -SOxH-containing species (sulfenic, sulfinic or sulfonic acid), which destabilizes the toxin...
December 8, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925256/pharmacokinetic-drug-drug-interactions-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-a-focus-on-cytochrome-p450-transporters-and-acid-suppression-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Caroline Gay, Delphine Toulet, Pascal Le Corre
The extensive use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI's) in hematology and oncology has shown that these drugs have a significant potential for drug-drug interactions. Since these drugs have a rather low therapeutic window, some drug interactions are of particular clinical relevance either on drug toxicity or on patient's response. Significant interactions occur with concomitant use of acid-suppressive therapy leading to a decreased oral bioavailability. However, such interactions are drug dependent according to their solubility pattern and to the duration of action of acid-suppressive therapy, which is coprescribed...
December 7, 2016: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924835/longitudinal-study-of-pesticide-residue-levels-in-human-milk-from-western-australia-during-12-months-of-lactation-exposure-assessment-for-infants
#12
Jian Du, Zoya Gridneva, Melvin C L Gay, Ching T Lai, Robert D Trengove, Peter E Hartmann, Donna T Geddes
The presence of pesticides in human milk (HM) is of great concern due to the potential health effects for the breastfed infant. To determine the relationships between HM pesticides and infant growth and development, a longitudinal study was conducted. HM samples (n = 99) from 16 mothers were collected at 2, 5, 9 and 12 months of lactation. A validated QuEChERS method and Gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) were used for the analysis of 88 pesticides in HM. Only p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDT and β-HCH were detected with a mean concentration (±SD) of 52...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924008/misperceptions-of-harm-among-natural-american-spirit-smokers-results-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#13
Jennifer L Pearson, Amanda Johnson, Andrea Villanti, Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Amy Cohn, Shyanika W Rose, Raymond Niaura, Cassandra A Stanton
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated differences in cigarette harm perceptions among smokers of the Natural American Spirit (NAS) brand-marketed as 'natural', 'organic' and 'additive-free'-compared to other smokers, and examined correlates of NAS use. METHODS: Data were drawn from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, a nationally representative study of US adults (2013-2014). Weighted analyses using a subset of current adult smokers (n=10 565) estimated the prevalence of NAS use (vs all other brands) and examined associations between NAS use and sociodemographics, tobacco/substance use, tobacco harm perceptions, quit intentions, quit attempts and mental/behavioural health...
December 6, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#14
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921269/graded-structure-in-sexual-definitions-categorizations-of-having-had-sex-and-virginity-loss-among-homosexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women
#15
Ava D Horowitz, Edward Bedford
Definitions of sexual behavior display a robust hierarchy of agreement regarding whether or not acts should be classed as, for example, sex or virginity loss. The current research offers a theoretical explanation for this hierarchy, proposing that sexual definitions display graded categorical structure, arising from goodness of membership judgments. Moderation of this graded structure is also predicted, with the focus here on how sexual orientation identity affects sexual definitions. A total of 300 18- to 30-year-old participants completed an online survey, rating 18 behaviors for how far each constitutes having "had sex" and virginity loss...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#16
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918736/predictive-factors-of-difficulty-in-lower-third-molar-extraction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
J Alvira-González, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón, C Quesada-Gómez, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Several publications have measured the difficulty of third molar removal, trying to establish the main risk factors, however several important preoperative and intraoperative variables are overlooked. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study comprising a total of 130 consecutive lower third molar extractions was performed. The outcome variables used to measure the difficulty of the extraction were operation time and a 100mm visual analogue scale filled by the surgeon at the end of the surgical procedure...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918366/oculographic-clinical-test-of-sensory-integration-and-balance-and-computerized-dynamic-posturography-findings-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#18
Juan Carlos Amor-Dorado, Maria P Barreira-Fernandez, Javier Llorca, Miguel A Gonzalez-Gay
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency and characteristics of the oculographic findings and the usefulness of the clinical test of sensory integration and balance (CTSIB) for the evaluation of balance in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) by comparing this test with the computerized dynamic posturography (CDP). STUDY DESIGN: A series of consecutive patients that fulfilled the Moll and Wright criteria for PsA and matched controls were studied. SETTING: The study was performed at the Otolaryngology Division of a tertiary reference center...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916220/preventive-and-primary-care-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#19
REVIEW
Sarah R Floyd, Deidre M Pierce, Stephen A Geraci
Among the minorities underserved by today׳s healthcare system, the lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) population may be the least studied, and the least understood by healthcare providers. High-quality evidence is often lacking regarding optimal preventive care measures, both in medical areas that (to date) fail to identify differences in need between LGB and heterosexual patients, and in those more prevalent in or more specific (or both) to sexual minorities. Issues of substance abuse, sexual health and sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and other eating disorders, cardiovascular prevention, cancer prevention and screening, depression and other psychological disorders, social isolation and personal and intimate partner violence are all as or more important to address in LGB patients as they are in the general American population...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915088/exploring-awareness-and-help-seeking-intentions-for-testicular-symptoms-among-heterosexual-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-ireland-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#20
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant and benign testicular disorders among young men is on the rise. Evidence from three reviews suggest that men's knowledge of these disorders is lacking and their help-seeking intention for testicular symptoms is suboptimal. Qualitative studies have addressed men's awareness of testicular cancer, with none exploring their awareness of non-malignant diseases such as epididymitis, testicular torsion, and varicocele and none including sexual minorities...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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