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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245022/cost-effective-way-to-reduce-stimulant-abuse-among-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-a-cost-comparison
#1
S X Zhang, S Shoptaw, C J Reback, K Yadav, A M Nyamathi
OBJECTIVES: A randomized controlled study was conducted with 422 homeless, stimulant-using gay/bisexual (G/B) men and 29 transgender women (n = 451) to assess two community-based interventions to reduce substance abuse and improve health: (a) a nurse case-managed program combined with contingency management (NCM + CM) versus (b) standard education plus contingency management (SE + CM). STUDY DESIGN: Hypotheses tested included: a) completion of hepatitis A/B vaccination series; b) reduction in stimulant use; and c) reduction in number of sexual partners...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241986/the-effects-of-gender-and-sexuality-based-harassment-on-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-substance-use-disparities
#2
Robert W S Coulter, Melina Bersamin, Stephen T Russell, Christina Mair
PURPOSE: We tested three competing models about whether gender- and sexuality-based harassment at school have nonindependent, additive, or interactive effects on adolescents' electronic cigarette use (i.e., vaping), cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking (HED). We also tested whether harassment mediated substance use disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) adolescents and their cisgender heterosexual peers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey, including 316,766 students in grades 7, 9, and 11 from more than 1,500 middle and high schools...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240739/office-design-and-health-a-systematic-review
#3
Ann Richardson, John Potter, Margaret Paterson, Thomas Harding, Gaye Tyler-Merrick, Ray Kirk, Kate Reid, Jane McChesney
AIM: To carry out a systematic review of recent research into the effects of workplace design, comparing individual with shared workspaces, on the health of employees. METHODS: The research question was "Does workplace design (specifically individual offices compared with shared workspaces) affect the health of workers?" A literature search limited to articles published between 2000 and 2017 was undertaken. A systematic review was carried out, and the findings of the reviewed studies grouped into themes according to the primary outcomes measured in the studies...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238237/adolescent-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-current-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Daisy Maria Machado, Alexandre Machado de Sant'Anna Carvalho, Rachel Riera
Adolescents are a critical population that is disproportionately impacted by the HIV epidemic. More than 2 million adolescents between the age group of 10 and 19 years are living with HIV, and millions are at risk of infection. HIV risks are considerably higher among girls, especially in high-prevalence settings such as eastern and southern Africa. In addition to girls, there are other vulnerable adolescent subgroups, such as teenagers, who use intravenous (IV) drugs, gay and bisexual boys, transgender youth, male sex workers, and people who fall into more than one of these categories...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237004/surrogacy-families-headed-by-gay-men-relationships-with-surrogates-and-egg-donors-fathers-decisions-over-disclosure-and-children-s-views-on-their-surrogacy-origins
#5
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Demetria Manzi, Chiara Antoniucci, Victoria Caricato, Eugenio Pagliarulo, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: How do gay father families experience surrogacy in terms of their relationships with surrogates and egg donors, fathers' disclosure decisions and children's views on their surrogacy origins? SUMMARY ANSWER: More families had a relationship with the surrogate than the egg donor, and almost all had started to disclose to their children, the majority of whom expressed limited interest in their surrogacy conception. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Gay fathers tend to report greater contact with the surrogate than the egg donor and to disclose only the use of a surrogate (omitting discussion of the egg donor and the respective fathers' genetic relatedness)...
December 11, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232979/gendered-accounts-of-managing-diabetes-in-same-sex-relationships-a-discursive-analysis-of-partner-support
#6
Adam Jowett
The gendered dimensions of partner support in relationships where one partner has a chronic condition has been a recurring focus within the literature on gender and health. Such literature however typically focuses exclusively on heterosexual couples while same-sex relationships are rendered invisible, leading to the discourse around partner support being heteronormative. This article examines gendered dimensions within accounts of lesbian, gay and bisexual people with diabetes using a discursive psychological approach...
February 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232170/correlates-of-never-testing-for-hiv-among-sexually-active-internet-recruited-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#7
Kimberly M Nelson, David W Pantalone, Kristi E Gamarel, Michael P Carey, Jane M Simoni
In the United States, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite great strides in HIV prevention, including biobehavioral HIV prevention strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, there has been relatively low uptake of these strategies. The success of biobehavioral prevention strategies requires HIV testing but a subset of GBMSM have never been tested. To optimize prevention efforts, we sought to understand the characteristics of GBMSM who report never testing for HIV...
December 12, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231172/cefazolin-and-coagulation-disorders-a-case-report
#8
Eugénie Gay, Anne Barthel, Nicolas Rouzic, Basile Henriot, Baptiste Quélennec, Aurélien Lorleac'h, Nathalie Prades, François Schmitt
We report the case of a 79-year-old patient, admitted to the department of infectious diseases at Bretagne Sud Hospital Center for a right calcaneal osteitis, complicated by a pacemaker leads infectious endocarditis. Meticillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was documented by blood culture. Antibiotic treatment was established using intravenous cefazolin for an initial 6 weeks period. Prothrombin time (PT) decreased as well as vitamin K dependent factors, without anticoagulation therapy, at day 7 of cefazolin treatment...
December 12, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230071/west-hollywood-is-not-that-big-on-anything-but-white-people-constructing-gay-men-of-color
#9
Chong-Suk Han, George Ayala, Jay P Paul, Kyung-Hee Choi
Rather than a defined endpoint that is waiting to be discovered or developed, racial and sexual identities can be considered social identities which are fluid, malleable, and socially created through a social process that defines what it means to be a member of a social group. This paper expands the work on how social identities are constructed by examining personal anecdotes used by gay men of color to discuss how they come to see themselves as "gay men of color." In doing so, we find that gay men of color use a number of cultural tropes that provide them the framework necessary to structure their experiences within a larger social context of a largely white, heterosexual society...
2017: Sociological Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229842/male-homosexuality-and-maternal-immune-responsivity-to-the-y-linked-protein-nlgn4y
#10
Anthony F Bogaert, Malvina N Skorska, Chao Wang, José Gabrie, Adam J MacNeil, Mark R Hoffarth, Doug P VanderLaan, Kenneth J Zucker, Ray Blanchard
We conducted a direct test of an immunological explanation of the finding that gay men have a greater number of older brothers than do heterosexual men. This explanation posits that some mothers develop antibodies against a Y-linked protein important in male brain development, and that this effect becomes increasingly likely with each male gestation, altering brain structures underlying sexual orientation in their later-born sons. Immune assays targeting two Y-linked proteins important in brain development-protocadherin 11 Y-linked (PCDH11Y) and neuroligin 4 Y-linked (NLGN4Y; isoforms 1 and 2)-were developed...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226695/racial-disparities-in-health-and-health-behaviors-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-the-brfss-sop
#11
Zelma Tuthill, Justin T Denney, Bridget Gorman
OBJECTIVES: Research on sexual minority health lack examinations of how sexual orientation intersects with other identities, including racial/ethnic identity, to shape health outcomes among U.S. adults. This study examines how health status and health behavior varies for gay, lesbian, and bisexual men and women who identify as non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Latino, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaskan Native. By examining health and health behaviors within and across sexual minority subgroups, our study reports on race/ethnic, gender, and sexual orientation specific health risks...
December 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226584/wool-derived-keratin-hydrogel-enhances-implant-osseointegration-in-cancellous-bone
#12
Warwick J Duncan, Philippa F C Greer, Min-Ho Lee, Carolina Loch, Jennifer H A Gay
AIM: This study investigated whether a keratin hydrogel derived from wool enhances ossointegration of dental implants, using a cancellous bone model in sheep. METHOD: Ten female sheep received one dental implant per hind leg in the distal femoral condyles. Test implants were coated with 1 mL of keratin hydrogel containing sulphonated keratin and hydroxyapatite; control implants remained uncoated; implants were not functionally loaded axially. Biomechanical stability was tested with resonance frequency analysis (RFA) at placement and euthanasia...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225412/identity-victimization-and-support-facebook-experiences-and-mental-health-among-lgbtq-youth
#13
Elizabeth A McConnell, Antonia Clifford, Aaron K Korpak, Gregory Phillips, Michelle Birkett
The rise of social networking sites (SNSs) has created new contexts within which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth and young adults manage their social identities and relationships. On one hand, SNSs provide important social support; on the other, they comprise another realm for victimization and discrimination. Context collapse refers to the ways diverse subgroups (e.g., family, co-workers) are often united in Facebook networks, which presents unique challenges related to outness...
November 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223563/sexual-identity-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidal-behaviors
#14
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Amberlee Baxa, Christopher Gay, Sandra Larson, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of sexual identity and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on suicidal behaviors in a population-based sample of high school students. METHODS: A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used to recruit 5,108 students from 97 high schools. A total of 4,955 students (97%) provided information that allowed for classification of sexual identity into three groups: (1) lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) (10%); (2) not sure (4...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222737/differences-by-sexual-orientation-in-perceptions-of-neighborhood-cohesion-implications-for-health
#15
Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales
A large body of research documents the relationship between health and place, including the positive association between neighborhood cohesion and health. However, very little research has examined neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. This paper addresses that gap by examining differences in perceived neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. We use data from the 2016 National Health Interview Survey (n = 28,164 respondents aged 18 years and older) to examine bivariate differences by sexual orientation in four measures of neighborhood cohesion...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220710/life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-among-money-boys-in-china
#16
A Zhang, J Yan, G Yang, X Tan, X Wang, S Tan
OBJECTIVES: Money Boy (MB) is a unique term used in China referring to a specialized population of men who sell sex to other men. Life satisfaction can influence one's health-related behaviors. The aim of our study was to find out the situation of MBs' life satisfaction and its associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among MBs was conducted between July and December 2013 in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling method was used for recruitment, with the initial seven 'seeds' found from a gay dating website, and 234 participants were enrolled into the study...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220634/justification-suppression-and-normative-window-of-prejudice-as-determinants-of-bias-toward-lesbians-gays-and-bisexual-adoption-applicants
#17
Alicia DeVault, Monica K Miller
Despite gains in equality for lesbians, gays, and bisexuals (LGB), these couples still face discrimination in adoption scenarios. Guided by the normative window of prejudice and the justification-suppression model, participants read about a suitable or unsuitable couple applying to adopt a child. Participants indicated whether the couple should be allowed to adopt the child and how committed the couple is to being parents. Heterosexuals were perceived as less committed parents compared to LGB parents; sexual orientation was not related to adoption decisions...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220631/economic-myths-regarding-gay-men-and-lesbians
#18
Wayne W Wilkinson
Based on Badgett (2001), the present research was aimed at developing a measure of economic myths regarding the gay community. Using undergraduate (N = 332) and Amazon Mechanical Turk (N = 212) samples, Study 1 resulted in a 6-item unidimensional and reliable measure, the Economic Myths regarding Gays Scale (EMGS), that was minimally related to other measures of sexual orientation attitudes. Study 2 (N = 210 undergraduates) found that endorsement of economic myths was associated with system justification beliefs that economic inequalities were natural and due to individual merit; however, general attitudes toward gays showed no such relationships...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220624/godly-homonormativity-christian-lgbt-organizing-in-contemporary-poland
#19
Magdalena Mikulak
This article discusses the emergence of Christian LGBT organizing in Poland and the production of what I term 'godly homonormativity' via a particular strand of organizing exemplified by Wiara i Tęcza (WiT; Faith and Rainbow). I argue that despite being an important initiative representing people - LGBT Christians - whose voices are often excluded from the mainstream LGBT movement, WiT's project is a largely assimilationist one, seeking acceptance within the existing, patriarchal and highly inequitable power relationship of the Catholic Church...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220585/-it-takes-a-man-to-put-me-on-the-bottom-gay-men-s-experiences-of-masculinity-and-anal-intercourse
#20
James P Ravenhill, Richard O de Visser
In anal intercourse between gay men, men who are typically insertive ("tops") are often perceived as, and may identify as, more masculine than those who are typically receptive ("bottoms"). "Versatile" men, who may adopt either position, may be perceived as more gender balanced and may transcend the gender-role stereotypes associated with self-labeling as top or bottom. The aim of this study was to explore how gay men's beliefs about masculinity were associated with their beliefs about the gendered nature of sexual self-labels and their behavior in anal intercourse...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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