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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691203/addressing-participant-validity-in-a-small-internet-health-survey-the-restore-study-protocol-and-recommendations-for-survey-response-validation
#1
James Dewitt, Benjamin Capistrant, Nidhi Kohli, B R Simon Rosser, Darryl Mitteldorf, Enyinnaya Merengwa, William West
BACKGROUND: While deduplication and cross-validation protocols have been recommended for large Web-based studies, protocols for survey response validation of smaller studies have not been published. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the challenges of survey validation inherent in a small Web-based health survey research. METHODS: The subject population was North American, gay and bisexual, prostate cancer survivors, who represent an under-researched, hidden, difficult-to-recruit, minority-within-a-minority population...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689129/attitudes-towards-and-knowledge-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-among-italian-nurses-an-observational-study
#2
Carlo Della Pelle, Francesca Cerratti, Pamela Di Giovanni, Francesco Cipollone, Giancarlo Cicolini
PURPOSE: To assess Italian nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards gay and lesbian sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, as there is currently no literature exploring the attitudes of nurses in Italy. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2015 to January 2016, using a data collection tool composed of three validated questionnaires and a sociodemographic form. FINDINGS: Eight hundred twenty-four nurses filled out the questionnaire...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688270/risk-factors-and-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-persons-the-hiv-outpatient-study-1999-2015
#3
Richard M Novak, Abdelhamid Ghanem, Rachel Hart, Douglas Ward, Carl Armon, Kate Buchacz
Background: Since 2000, the incidence of syphilis has been increasing, especially among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (U.S.). We assessed temporal trends and associated risk factors for newly diagnosed syphilis infections among HIV-infected patients during a 16-year period. Methods: We analyzed data from the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) cohort participants seen at ten U.S. HIV clinics during 1999 - 2015. New syphilis cases were defined based on laboratory parameters and clinical diagnoses...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687472/conscience-claims-metaphysics-and-avoiding-an-lgbt-eugenic
#4
Abram Brummett
Novel assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are poised to present our society with strange new ethical questions, such as whether lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) couples should be allowed to produce children biologically related to both parents, or whether trans-women who want to experience childbirth should be allowed to receive uterine transplants. Clinicians opposed to offering such technologies to LGBT couples on moral grounds are likely to seek legal shelter through the conscience clauses enshrined in U...
April 23, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684131/the-somatic-marker-hypothesis-and-sexual-decision-making-understanding-the-role-of-iowa-gambling-task-performance-and-daily-sexual-arousal-on-the-sexual-behavior-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#5
H Jonathon Rendina, Brett M Millar, Genevieve Dash, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Jeffrey T Parsons
Background: The sexual decision-making literature suggests that sexual arousal and behavior are associated. The somatic marker hypothesis suggests that individual neuropsychological differences in decision making, as measured by the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), may moderate these associations; however, this hypothesis has yet to be tested with event-level sexual behavior data. Purpose: We hypothesized that (a) daily sexual arousal would be positively associated with likelihood of engaging in sex and condomless anal sex (CAS) and (b) IGT scores would moderate these associations such that the associations would be stronger among those with higher IGT scores...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683699/minority-stress-and-relationship-functioning-among-young-male-same-sex-couples-an-examination-of-actor-partner-interdependence-models
#6
Brian A Feinstein, Elizabeth McConnell, Christina Dyar, Brian Mustanski, Michael E Newcomb
OBJECTIVE: In different-sex couples, individual and partner stress can both have a negative impact on relationship functioning (actor and partner effects). Gay and bisexual men experience unique stress (sexual minority stress), but few studies have examined the effects of this stress on relationship functioning among young male couples. The current study examined (a) actor and partner effects of general and minority stress (internalized stigma, microaggressions, victimization, and outness) on relationship functioning (relationship quality and negative relationship interactions), (b) interactions between individual and partner stress as predictors of relationship functioning, and (c) dyadic coping and relationship length as moderators of actor and partner effects...
May 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683115/timing-and-mode-of-breast-care-nurse-consultation-from-the-patient-s-perspective
#7
Janie Brown, Gay Refeld, Alannah Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To understand what, if any, differences exist in the perception of a breast care nurse (BCN) consultation between women who experienced a preoperative, face-to-face counseling and education opportunity with a BCN, and those who required a telephone consultation or were unable to experience a preoperative BCN consultation. SAMPLE & SETTING: A convenience sample of women in a private hospital in Western Australia who had breast surgery for breast cancer, BRCA gene mutation, or breast cancer risk reduction, and who experienced face-to-face contact, telephone contact, or no preoperative contact with a BCN...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683025/developing-resilience-gay-men-s-response-to-systemic-discrimination
#8
Ingrid Handlovsky, Vicky Bungay, John Oliffe, Joy Johnson
Gay men experience marked health disparities compared to heterosexual men, associated with profound discrimination. Resilience as a concept has received growing attention to increase understanding about how gay men promote and protect their health in the presence of adversity. Missing in this literature are the perspectives and experiences of gay men over 40 years. This investigation, drawing on grounded theory methods, examined how gay men over 40 years of age develop resilience over the course of their lives to promote and protect their health...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679419/sexual-orientation-differences-in-alcohol-use-trajectories-and-disorders-in-emerging-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-the-united-states
#9
Robert W S Coulter, Hee-Jin Jun, Jerel P Calzo, Nhan L Truong, Christina Mair, Nina Markovic, Brittany M Charlton, Anthony J Silvestre, Ron Stall, Heather L Corliss
AIMS: We estimated sexual-orientation differences in alcohol use trajectories during emerging adulthood, and tested whether alcohol use trajectories mediated sexual-orientation differences in alcohol use disorders (AUDs). DESIGN: Longitudinal self-reported survey data from the Growing Up Today Study. SETTING: USA. PARTICIPANTS: 12,493 participants aged 18-25 during the 2003, 2005, 2007, or 2010 surveys. MEASUREMENTS: Stratified by gender, longitudinal latent class analyses estimated alcohol use trajectories (using past-year frequency, quantity, and binge drinking from 2003-2010)...
April 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678827/detection-of-clonal-hematopoiesis-of-indeterminate-potential-in-clinical-sequencing-of-solid-tumor-specimens
#10
Eric A Severson, Gregory M Riedlinger, Caitlin F Connelly, Jo-Anne Vergilio, Mendel Goldfinger, Shakti Ramkissoon, Garrett M Frampton, Jeffrey S Ross, Anthony Fratella-Calabrese, Laurie Gay, Siraj Ali, Vincent Miller, Julia Elvin, Mohammad Hadigol, Kim M Hirshfield, Lorna Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Shridar Ganesan, Hossein Khiabanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675792/maintenance-in-myeloma-patients-achieving-complete-response-after-upfront-therapy-a-pooled-analysis
#11
Chiara Cerrato, Francesco Di Raimondo, Lorenzo De Paoli, Stefano Spada, Francesca Patriarca, Claudia Crippa, Roberto Mina, Tommasina Guglielmelli, Dina Ben-Yehuda, Daniela Oddolo, Chiara Nozzoli, Emanuele Angelucci, Nicola Cascavilla, Rita Rizzi, Stefano Rocco, Luca Baldini, Elena Ponticelli, Magda Marcatti, Clotilde Cangialosi, Tommaso Caravita, Giulia Benevolo, Roberto Ria, Arnon Nagler, Pellegrino Musto, Paola Tacchetti, Paolo Corradini, Massimo Offidani, Antonio Palumbo, Maria Teresa Petrucci, Mario Boccadoro, Francesca Gay
PURPOSE: Maintenance demonstrated to improve survival in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients and the achievement of complete response (CR) is a strong predictor of survival. Nevertheless, the role of maintenance according to response after induction/consolidation has not been investigated so far. To evaluate the impact of maintenance according to response, we pooled together and retrospectively analyzed data from 955 NDMM patients enrolled in two trials (GIMEMA-MM-03-05 and RV-MM-PI-209)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672086/self-compassion-matters-the-relationships-between-perceived-social-support-self-compassion-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals-in-turkey
#12
Ezgi Toplu-Demirtaş, Gülşah Kemer, Amber L Pope, Jeffry L Moe
Research on the well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people has predominately focused on Western (-ized) societies where individualism, and not collectivism, is emphasized. In the present study, we utilized a mediator model via Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to examine the relationships between self-compassion (i.e., self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness), perceived social support (i.e., family, friends, and significant others), and subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) in a sample of LGB-identified individuals living in Turkey, a traditionally collectivistic culture (Hofstede, 2001)...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671369/internalized-homophobia-scale-for-gay-chinese-men-conceptualization-factor-structure-reliability-and-associations-with-hypothesized-correlates
#13
Zhengjia Ren, Ralph W Hood
This study reports the development of an inventory to assess the perceived internalized homophobia of gay men in a collectivistic Chinese cultural context. The results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses using two samples suggested the viability and stability of a three-factor model: internalized heteronormativity (IHN), family-oriented identity (FOI), and socially oriented identity (SOI). The 11-item internalized homophobia inventory demonstrated good internal consistency and construct validity...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667501/does-organizational-and-coworker-support-moderate-diabetes-risk-and-job-stress-among-employees
#14
Marilyn B Wolff, Jennifer L Gay, Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
PURPOSE: Examine the moderating role of perceived organizational and coworker support on the relationship between job stress and type 2 diabetes risk among employees. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered to employees at the workplace. SETTING: One national retail organization. PARTICIPANTS: Baseline data were obtained from 1595 employees in 21 retail stores. MEASURES: Self-reported organizational and coworker support to encourage and fulfill job responsibilities and job stress...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666651/relative-risk-chart-score-for-the-assessment-of-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#15
Javier Rueda-Gotor, Fernanda Genre, Alfonso Corrales, Ricardo Blanco, Patricia Fuentevilla, Virginia Portilla, Rosa Expósito, Cristina Mata Arnaiz, Trinitario Pina, Carlos González-Juanatey, Luis Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Miguel A González-Gay
Objective: To determine if the use of the relative risk (RR) chart score may help to identify young ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Methods: 73 AS patients younger than 50 years were assessed. CV risk was calculated according to the total cholesterol systematic coronary risk evaluation (TC-SCORE) and the RR chart score. C-reactive protein (CRP) value at disease diagnosis and carotid ultrasound data were also analyzed...
2018: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665785/new-types-of-drug-use-and-risks-of-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hangzhou-china
#16
Lin He, Xiaohong Pan, Ning Wang, Jiezhe Yang, Jun Jiang, Yan Luo, Xingliang Zhang, Xiting Li
BACKGROUND: The use of new types of drugs has become more common among men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of the use of new types of drugs, such as methamphetamine, ketamine, ecstasy, and rush poppers, and to examine the factors associated with drug use and HIV infection among MSM in Hangzhou, China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2015 and April 2016. We used snowball sampling to recruit MSM; participants were recruited from voluntary counseling and testing centers, baths, bars, Blued (an app for the gay community), QQ groups, clubs, and other types of venues...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#17
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662697/supporting-capacity-for-research-on-malaria-in-africa
#18
Brian Greenwood, Oumar Gaye, Moses R Kamya, Gibson Kibiki, Victor Mwapasa, Kamija S Phiri, Harry Tagbor, Dianne Terlouw, Imelda Bates, Alister Craig, Pascal Magnussen, Thor G Theander, Amit Bhasin, Hazel McCullough, David Schellenberg
Substantial progress has been made in the control of malaria in Africa but much remains to be done before malaria elimination on the continent can be achieved. Further progress can be made by enhancing uptake of existing control tools but, in high transmission areas, additional tools will be needed. Development and evaluation of these new tools will require a substantial cadre of African scientists well trained in many different disciplines. This paper describes the activities undertaken by the Malaria Capacity Development Consortium (MCDC) to support the careers of PhD students and postdoctoral fellows undertaking research on malaria at five African universities...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661940/disparities-for-lgbtq-and-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#19
Laura Baams
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of childhood adversity in a sample of adolescents and assess disparities in these experiences for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning adolescents and by level of gender nonconformity. METHOD: By using the cross-sectional, statewide, anonymous 2016 Minnesota Student Survey, 81 885 students were included in the current study (50.59% male; mean age = 15.51). Participants were enrolled in grades 9 and 11 in a total of 348 schools...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661698/reproductive-health-care-priorities-and-barriers-to-effective-care-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-people-assigned-female-at-birth-a-qualitative-study
#20
Erin Wingo, Natalie Ingraham, Sarah C M Roberts
BACKGROUND: Little research documents the self-identified reproductive health priorities and health care experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ)-identified individuals who may be in need of services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with a diverse sample of 39 female-assigned-at-birth individuals (ages 18-44) who also identified as lesbian, bisexual, queer, and/or genderqueer, or transmasculine. Interviews were primarily conducted in person in the Bay Area of California, and Baltimore, Maryland, with 11 conducted remotely with participants in other U...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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