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Yujia Zhou, Gesheng Wang, Jialin Liu, Yong Du, Lei Wang, Xiaoyong Wang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of medical adhesive glue for tension-reduced duraplasty in decompressive craniotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 56 cases were enrolled for this study from Jan 2013 to May 2015. All patients underwent decompressive craniotomy and the dura was repaired in all of them with tension-reduced duraplasty using the COMPONT medical adhesive to glue artificial dura together. The postoperative complications and the healing of dura mater were observed and recorded...
October 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Daniel F Hanley, Richard E Thompson, John Muschelli, Michael Rosenblum, Nichol McBee, Karen Lane, Amanda J Bistran-Hall, Steven W Mayo, Penelope Keyl, Dheeraj Gandhi, Tim C Morgan, Natalie Ullman, W Andrew Mould, J Ricardo Carhuapoma, Carlos Kase, Wendy Ziai, Carol B Thompson, Gayane Yenokyan, Emily Huang, William C Broaddus, R Scott Graham, E Francois Aldrich, Robert Dodd, Cristanne Wijman, Jean-Louis Caron, Judy Huang, Paul Camarata, A David Mendelow, Barbara Gregson, Scott Janis, Paul Vespa, Neil Martin, Issam Awad, Mario Zuccarello
BACKGROUND: Craniotomy, according to the results from trials, does not improve functional outcome after intracerebral haemorrhage. Whether minimally invasive catheter evacuation followed by thrombolysis for clot removal is safe and can achieve a good functional outcome is not known. We investigated the safety and efficacy of alteplase, a recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, in combination with minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage. METHODS: MISTIE was an open-label, phase 2 trial that was done in 26 hospitals in the USA, Canada, the UK, and Germany...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Pilar Anton-Martin, Bruno Braga, Stephen Megison, Janna Journeycake, Jessica Moreland
Severe trauma may cause refractory life-threatening respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Concurrent traumatic brain injury, however, complicates the use of ECMO because of the major risk of intracranial bleeding with systemic anticoagulation. Craniotomy and/or craniectomy for hematoma evacuation during ECMO are extremely high-risk procedures secondary to ongoing anticoagulation, and there are only a few such case reports in the literature.We present the case of a child with multiple thoracic injuries and life-threatening respiratory failure supported on ECMO...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
P Pardes-Chavanes, M Afanetti, C Boyer, M Poirée
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains a cause of death in hematologic malignancies. Asparaginase represents a key agent in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The toxicity of asparaginase includes coagulopathy such as thrombotic or bleeding tendency. We report a case of fatal cerebral hemorrhage in a 12-year-old girl treated for ALL. Cerebral hemorrhage occurred after three injections of L-asparaginase. The patient presented with hypofibrinogenemia (0.36g/L), associated with thrombocytopenia (24,000/mm(3))...
October 12, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Ghaith Habboub, Mayur Sharma, Gene H Barnett, Alireza M Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Minimally-invasive approaches are attractive alternative to standard craniotomy for large intracranial tumors with potentially lesser morbidity. In this report, we describe a sequential combination of two minimally-invasive surgical techniques to treat a large intracranial tumor. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 49year-old woman presented with a history of breast cancer and large left parietal metastasis with significant perilesional edema. This was initially managed by whole brain radiation therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Y Wu, J Kang, Q Wang
Intracranial infection by gram-positive cocci is commonly found after craniotomy. Norvancomycin was independently developed in China, and had demonstrated therapeutic capability against gram-positive infection. This study investigated the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations in patients that received intravenous injection of norvancomycin after craniotomy. Patients with an indwelling catheter in the operational area/ventricle after craniotomy were administered norvancomycin by two approaches: (1) The conventional group consisted of 14 cases that were infused with 0...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Jessica Mani Penny Tevaraj, Evelyn Tai Li Min, Raja Azmi Mohd Noor, Azhany Yaakub, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam
Neurofibromatosis type 2 usually presents with bilateral acoustic schwannomas. We highlight the rare presentation of neurofibromatosis initially involving third nerve. A 23-year-old Malay female presented with left eye drooping of the upper lid and limitation of upward movement for 8 years. It was associated with right-sided body weakness, change in voice, and hearing disturbance in the right ear for the past 2 years. On examination, there was mild ptosis and limitation of movement superiorly in the left eye...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Erhan Gökçek, Ayhan Kaydu, Mehmet Salim Akdemir, Ferit Akil, Ibrahim Ozkan Akıncı
PURPOSE: To compared the effects of sevoflurane and desflurane on early anesthesia recovery in patients undergoing to craniotomy for intracranial lesions. METHODS: After IRB approval, the study included 50 patients aged 18-70 years who had ASA physical statuses of I-II and were scheduled for intracranial surgery. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: sevoflurane and desflurane. Anaesthesia was routinely induced in all patients followed by desflurane 5%-6% or sevoflurane 1%-2%...
September 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Peter Milos, Kerstin Metcalf, Patrick Vigren, Hans Lindehammar, Malin Nilsson, Sverre Boström
Awake craniotomy for brain tumours  Awake neurosurgery is a useful method in lesions near eloquent brain areas, particularly low-grade gliomas.The aim is to maximise tumour resection and preserve neurological function. We performed 40 primary awake surgeries and 8 residual surgeries. Patients were operated awake throughout the procedure or with a laryngeal mask and general anaesthesia during the opening stage and then awake during intracerebral surgery. Language and motor function were mapped with direct cortical stimulation, motor evoked potential and standardised neurological testing...
October 11, 2016: Läkartidningen
Jung Ju Choi, Hong Soon Kim, Kyung Cheon Lee, Hojin Hur, Youn Yi Jo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess whether preanesthetic laboratory values can predict in-hospital mortality and morbidity in patients who have undergone burr hole craniostomy due to chronic subdural hematoma. METHODS: From January 2007 to February 2016, the records of 502 consecutive patients who underwent burr hole craniotomy were analyzed. All cases of burr hole craniostomy were fitted with a drain, as required by our institutional protocol. RESULTS: Patients' demographic data and preoperative laboratory values were subjected to logistic regression analysis to predict in-hospital mortality and morbidity after burr hole craniostomy...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Laurent Lonjaret, Marine Guyonnet, Emilie Berard, Marc Vironneau, Françoise Peres, Sandrine Sacrista, Anne Ferrier, Véronique Ramonda, Corine Vuillaume, Franck Emmanuel Roux, Olivier Fourcade, Thomas Geeraerts
INTRODUCTION: After elective craniotomy for brain tumour surgery, patients are usually admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for monitoring. Our goal was to evaluate the incidence and timing of neurologic and non-neurologic postoperative complications after brain tumour surgery, to determine factors associated with neurologic events and to evaluate the timing and causes of ICU readmission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, observational and analytic study enrolled 188 patients admitted to the ICU after brain tumour surgery...
October 4, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Marc S Schwartz, Eric P Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: Auditory brainstem implants (ABIs), which have previously been used to restore auditory perception to deaf patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), are now being utilized in other situations, including treatment of congenitally deaf children with cochlear malformations or cochlear nerve deficiencies. Concurrent with this expansion of indications, the number of centers placing and expressing interest in placing ABIs has proliferated. Because ABI placement involves posterior fossa craniotomy in order to access the site of implantation on the cochlear nucleus complex of the brainstem and is not without significant risk, we aim to highlight issues important in developing and maintaining successful ABI programs that would be in the best interests of patients...
September 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
Ryosuke Tomio, Takenori Akiyama, Masahiro Toda, Takayuki Ohira, Kazunari Yoshida
OBJECTIVE Transcranial motor evoked potential (tMEP) monitoring is popular in neurosurgery; however, the accuracy of tMEP can be impaired by craniotomy. Each craniotomy procedure and changes in the CSF levels affects the current spread. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of several craniotomies on tMEP monitoring by using C3-4 transcranial electrical stimulation (TES). METHODS The authors used the finite element method to visualize the electric field in the brain, which was generated by TES, using realistic 3D head models developed from T1-weighted MR images...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Jwo-Leun Lee, Tzu-Chun Chen, Hung-Chang Huang, Ray-Jade Chen
BACKGROUND: Motorcycles are the most popular vehicles in Taiwan, where more than 14.8 million motorcycles (1 motorcycle per 1.6 people) are in service. Despite the mandatory helmet law passed in 1997, less than 80% of motorcyclists in Taiwan wear helmets. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse the effect of using motorcycle helmets on fatality rates. METHODS: A clinical data set comprising 2,868 trauma patients was analysed; the cross-sectional registration database was administered by a university medical centre in Central Taiwan...
October 7, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Hongzhi Xu, Zhiyong Qin, Ming Xu, Chunjui Chen, Junjie Zhang, Xiancheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative ultrasound is widely used in neurosurgery for the management of intracerebral hematoma and brain tumor. However, the clinical value of this method in the surgery of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has not been reported. In this study, the application of intraoperative ultrasound for AVMs surgery was evaluated prospectively. METHODS: This prospective clinical study comprised of 41 patients who underwent microsurgical resection of cerebral AVMs at our institute...
October 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Bruno Splavski, Dario Muzevic, Tatjana Ladenhauser-Palijan, Brano Splavski
INTRODUCTION: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) of T-cell origin is an exceptionally rare, highly malignant intracranial neoplasm. Although such a tumor typically presents with a focal mass lesion. CASE REPORT: Past medical history of a 26-year-old male patient with a PCNS lymphoma of T-cell origin was not suggestive of intracranial pathology or any disorder of other organs and organic systems. To achieve a gross total tumor resection, surgery was performed via osteoplastic craniotomy using the left frontal transcortical transventricular approach...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Lucas Elijovich, Asim F Choudhri, Adam S Arthur, Paul Klimo, Frederick A Boop, Alejandro Berenstein
In 1976 an infant boy initially presented with a choroidal vein of Galen malformation (cVOGM). Craniotomy and clipping of the anterior cerebral artery and posterior choroidal arteries was performed, which was reported in the literature 40 years ago. The patient remained asymptomatic until age 42 when he re-presented with an isolated intraventricular hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated cVOGM with venous sinus occlusive disease leading to venous hypertension and subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage. The angiogram also demonstrated a 'pseudo-nidus' composed of multiple arterial-to-arterial anastomoses that had developed as a result of the original surgical treatment...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Iliya Sigal, Margaret M Koletar, Dene Ringuette, Raanan Gad, Melanie Jeffrey, Peter L Carlen, Bojana Stefanovic, Ofer Levi
We report on a miniature label-free imaging system for monitoring brain blood flow and blood oxygenation changes in awake, freely behaving rats. The device, weighing 15 grams, enables imaging in a ∼ 2 × 2 mm field of view with 4.4 μm lateral resolution and 1 - 8 Hz temporal sampling rate. The imaging is performed through a chronically-implanted cranial window that remains optically clear between 2 to > 6 weeks after the craniotomy. This imaging method is well suited for longitudinal studies of chronic models of brain diseases and disorders...
September 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Sara Giovanna Romeo, Alfredo Conti, Francesca Polito, Chiara Tomasello, Valeria Barresi, Domenico La La Torre, Maria Cucinotta, Flavio Filippo Angileri, Marcello Bartolotta, Rosa Maria Di Giorgio, M'Hammed Aguennouz
Sirtuins are a family of 7 histone deacetylases largely involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, survival and death. The role of sirtuins in tumorigenesis and cancer progression has been previously studied in certain cancer types. Few studies have investigated sirtuin expression in gliomas, with controversial results. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of sirtuin-1 (Sirt-1) in diffuse astrocytoma [low grade astrocytoma (LGA)], anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and in primary glioma cell lines: PLGAC (primary LGA cells); PAAC (primary AA cells); and PGBMC (primary GBM cells)...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
V Gellner, W Koele, A Wolf, C Gerstenberger, M Mokry, H Stammberger, P V Tomazic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
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