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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641315/sequential-vs-concurrent-epirubicin-and-docetaxel-as-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-high-risk-node-negative-early-breast-cancer-an-interim-analysis-of-a-randomised-phase-iii-study-from-the-hellenic-oncology-research-group
#1
Dimitrios Mavroudis, Emmanouil Saloustros, Ioannis Boukovinas, Pavlos Papakotoulas, Stylianos Kakolyris, Nikolaos Ziras, Charalampos Christophylakis, Nikolaos Kentepozidis, Georgios Fountzilas, Georgios Rigas, Ioannis Varthalitis, Konstantinos Kalbakis, Sofia Agelaki, Dora Hatzidaki, Vasilios Georgoulias
BACKGROUND: Sequential anthracyclines and taxanes are standard adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with high-risk axillary node-positive breast cancer. We compared a sequential to a concurrent regimen in high-risk node-negative early breast cancer. METHODS: Patients were eligible if they had tumours >2 cm or T1c with two of the following characteristics: no oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression, histological grade III, Ki67 >40% and vascular, lymphovascular or perineural invasion...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635407/ovarian-reserve-after-fibroid-embolization-in-premenopausal-women
#2
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Bachar Manav, Zacharoula Koukouli, Grigorios Trypsiannis, Georgios Galazios, Dimitrios Souftas, Vasileios Souftas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for fibroids on ovarian pool of premenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case control study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and twenty premenopausal women, aged between 40 and 50 years, who underwent UAE for symptomatic uterine fibroids and the same number of women, aged between 40 and 50 years, with symptomatic uterine fibroids, who were not offered treatment were recruited for this study...
February 24, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634755/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-lower-female-genital-tract-an-analysis-of-144-cases
#3
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Michail Alevizakos, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Steven S Witkin, Kevin Holcomb
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to elucidate the clinico-pathological characteristics of female patients with lower genital tract rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) stratified by age group and investigate their prognosis, using a multi-institutional database. METHODS: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was accessed (1973-2013) and a cohort of females diagnosed with RMS of the lower genital tract (vulva, vagina, cervix) was drawn...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632729/radiation-associated-breast-cancer-and-gonadal-hormone-exposure-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#4
Chaya S Moskowitz, Joanne F Chou, Charles A Sklar, Dana Barnea, Cécile M Ronckers, Danielle Novetsky Friedman, Joseph P Neglia, Lucie Turcotte, Rebecca M Howell, Tara O Henderson, Gregory T Armstrong, Wendy M Leisenring, Leslie L Robison, Flora E van Leeuwen, Malcolm C Pike, Kevin C Oeffinger
BACKGROUND: The relationship between hormone exposure and breast cancer risk in women treated with chest radiotherapy for childhood cancer is uncertain. METHODS: Participants included 1108 females from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study who were diagnosed with childhood cancer 1970-1986, treated with chest radiotherapy, and survived to ages ⩾20 years. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from Cox models adjusted for chest radiation field, delivered dose, anthracycline exposure, and age at childhood cancer estimated risk...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631536/should-ovaries-be-removed-or-not-in-early-stage-cervical-adenocarcinoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-105-patients
#5
Jun Hu, Xiaobing Jiao, Zhifeng Yang, Heng Cui, Hongyan Guo, Yumei Wu, Lirong Zhu
The study population consisted of 105 patients with stage IA to IIB cervical adenocarcinoma (AC) who underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy from three institutions between 1994 and 2015, including 86 patients with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) and 19 patients with ovarian preservation operation. Ovarian metastasis were diagnosed in 3 of 86 patients in BSO group with an incidence rate of 3.5% (3/86). Among the 19 patients with ovarian preservation, none developed an ovarian recurrence in the follow-up (2-71 months)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624865/bone-marrow-fat-contributes-to-insulin-sensitivity-and-adiponectin-secretion-in-premenopausal-women
#6
Federica Ermetici, Silvia Briganti, Alessandra Delnevo, Paola Cannaò, Giovanni Di Leo, Stefano Benedini, Ileana Terruzzi, Francesco Sardanelli, Livio Luzi
PURPOSE: Bone marrow fat is a functionally distinct adipose tissue that may contribute to systemic metabolism. This study aimed at evaluating a possible association between bone marrow fat and insulin sensitivity indices. METHODS: Fifty obese (n = 23) and non-obese (n = 27) premenopausal women underwent proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure vertebral bone marrow fat content and unsaturation index at L4 level. Abdominal visceral, subcutaneous fat, and epicardial fat were also measured using magnetic resonance imaging...
June 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623983/clinical-presentation-of-women-with-pelvic-source-varicose-veins-in-the-perineum-as-a-first-step-in-the-development-of-a-disease-specific-patient-assessment-tool
#7
Kathleen Gibson, Renee Minjarez, Brian Ferris, Moni Neradilek, Matthew Wise, Julianne Stoughton, Mark Meissner
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic venous incompetence can cause symptomatic varicose veins in the perineum, buttock, and thigh. Presentation, symptom severity, and response to treatment of pelvic source varicose veins are not well defined. Currently available tools to measure the severity of lower extremity venous disease and its effects on quality of life may be inadequate to assess disease severity in these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histories, demographics, and clinical presentations of women with pelvic source varicose veins and to compare these data to a population of women with nonpelvic source varicose veins...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622875/does-the-severity-of-overactive-bladder-symptoms-correlate-with-risk-for-female-sexual-dysfunction
#8
Cássia Raquel Teatin Juliato, Iane Glauce Ribeiro Melotti, Luiz Carlos Santos Junior, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Britto, Cássio Luiz Zanettini Riccetto
BACKGROUND: Several studies have associated overactive bladder (OAB) with female sexual dysfunction (FSD); however, there are no reports using a quantitative approach to measure OAB severity and to relate OAB to the risk of FSD. AIM: To evaluate women with OAB and to correlate the severity of their urinary symptoms with their sexual function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 267 women older than 18 years with untreated OAB. All subjects completed the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621469/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-breast-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-the-literature
#9
Nikolaos S Salemis
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms. They were first described as spindle-cell tumors originating from the pleura, but they may arise in any anatomical site. SFT of the breast is an exceedingly rare clinical entity. Our literature review yielded only 21 cases reported so far. We describe a case of a SFT of the breast in a premenopausal patient who presented with a gradually enlarging palpable breast mass. Diagnostic evaluation and management are discussed along with a review of the relevant literature...
June 16, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620545/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-women-with-self-reported-infertility
#10
Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Fangui Sun, J Jojo Cheng, Erika T Chow, Kathryn L Lunetta, Joanne M Murabito
BACKGROUND: Amongst women with certain types of ovulatory disorder infertility, the studies are conflicting whether there is an increased risk of long-term cardiovascular disease risk. This paper evaluates the associations of several CVD risk factors among Framingham women with self-reported infertility. METHODS: Women who completed the Framingham Heart Study Third Generation and Omni Cohort 2 Exam 2 (2008-2011), and reported on past history of infertility and current cardiovascular disease status were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616825/correlation-of-cardio-metabolic-parameters-with-vitamin-d-status-in-healthy-premenopausal-women
#11
S Giovinazzo, A Alibrandi, A Campennì, F Trimarchi, R M Ruggeri
PURPOSE: Vitamin D has been associated with metabolic disorders and increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases, with conflicting results. Aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship, if any, between cardio-metabolic risk factors and serum 25(OH)D concentrations in healthy women in premenopausal age. METHODS: We enrolled 200 healthy women, aged 19-50 years (mean age ± SD, 38 ± 11 years). In each subject, we measured serum 25(OH)D in relation to metabolic biomarkers and cardiovascular parameters...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616233/long-standing-aggressive-angiomyxoma-as-a-paratesticular-mass-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Ahmet M Aydin, Kubra Katipoglu, Dilek E Baydar, Cenk Y Bilen
OBJECTIVES: Aggressive angiomyxoma is known as a mesenchymal tumor of premenopausal women and it is extremely rare in men. METHODS: Herein, we report a 66-year-old male with a firm scrotal mass that had gradually enlarged over 20 years. RESULTS: Radiological studies revealed 10 x 15 cm mass lesion confined to right scrotum with neither local invasion nor distant metastasis. Inguinal orchiectomy was performed and histopathology showed characteristic features of an aggressive angiomyxoma occupying paratesticular region, which was a challenging diagnosis due to its unexpected occurrence in the male gender...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612709/potential-phytoestrogen-alternatives-exert-cardio-protective-mechanisms-via-estrogen-receptors
#13
Marthandam Asokan Shibu, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chia-Hua Kuo, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Chia-Yao Shen, Li-Chin Chung, Chao-Hung Lai, Lung-Fa Pan, V Vijaya Padma, Chih-Yang Huang
The 17 beta-estradiol (E2) is a sex hormone that is most abundant and most active estrogen in premenopausal women. The importance of E2 in providing cardioprotection and reducing the occurrence of heart disease in women of reproductive age has been well recognized. There are three subtype of estrogen receptors (ERs), including ERα, ERβ and GPR30 have been identified and accumulating evidence reveal their roles on E2-mediated genomic and nongenomic pathway in cardiomyocytes against various cardiac insults...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612617/-breast-cancer-in-young-women-correlation-of-clinical-histomorphological-and-molecular-genetic-features-of-breast-carcinoma-in-women-younger-than-35-years-of-age
#14
A Metelková, A Skálová, J Fínek
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, breast cancer is the leading type of malignancy in women. For premenopausal women, the disease brings much higher risk as it is usually more aggressive with worse prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 92 women treated at the Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy in Pilsen were selected from a basic cohort of 356 women under 35 years of age with breast cancer who were diagnosed between 2006 and 2015. The control group comprised 100 postmenopausal women over 65 years of age who were treated for invasive breast cancer...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612598/relationship-between-breast-cancer-and-oral-contraceptive-use-among-thai-premenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#15
Wisit Chaveepojnkamjorn, Natchaporn Pichainarong, Rungsinoppadol Thotong, Pratana Sativipawee, Supachai Pitikultang
Background: Breast cancer (BC) is an important issue both in medicine and public health as it is the leading malignancy with high incidence and mortality among women worldwide. The objective of this research was to determine the associations of BC with oral contraceptive (OC) use among Thai premenopausal women (TPW). Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted among TPW attending the National Cancer Institute, with 257 cases and 257 controls in 2013-2014. Cases and controls were matched by age (± 5 years), residential area and duration of attendance...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611542/protecting-effects-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-on-chemotherapy-induced-ovarian-damage-in-premenopausal-breast-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Fang Bai, Yunshu Lu, Kejin Wu, Qing Chen, Longlong Ding, Meixin Ge, Ziyi Weng
OBJECTIVE: There is no universal consensus on whether gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist could protect chemotherapy-induced ovarian damage in premenopausal breast cancer patients. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the protective effects of GnRH agonist on premenopausal breast cancer patients in details. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI and the Chinese Wangfang Database, conference proceedings and clinical trials were searched to find studies reported since 2000...
March 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611442/competing-factors-link-to-bone-health-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-takes-a-toll
#17
Shirin Kalyan, Millan S Patel, Elaine Kingwell, Hélène C F Côté, Danmei Liu, Jerilynn C Prior
Chronic inflammation predisposes to poor bone health. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) experience androgen excess, ovulatory disturbances, insulin resistance, abdominal adiposity and chronic inflammation. Our objective was to investigate the relationships among bone health parameters, chronic subclinical inflammation and anthropometric measures in premenopausal women with and without PCOS. In 61 premenopausal women, 22 women with PCOS and 39 controls, we assessed bone parameters (total hip bone mineral density [BMD] by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and radius strength-strain index [SSI] by peripheral quantitative computed tomography), inflammation (C-reactive protein/albumin), oxidative stress (leukocyte telomere length, urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine); hemoglobin A1c; anthropometric measures (body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, cross-sectional muscle area)...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609712/two-week-waits-what-are-we-waiting-for
#18
Ahmed R Abdelraheim, Mohammed Khairy, Mo'men Mohammed, Alexandra Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the two-week referral system by analysing the 2-week wait (2WW) referrals to the rapid access gynaecology clinic over one year. We have also sought to identify the risk factors for endometrial cancer to help setting criteria that can be used to prioritise urgent appointments, refine subsequent management strategies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of the data of all women referred for suspected gynaecological cancers over one year via the 2 WW office at Queen's Hospital, Romford, UK...
June 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609387/long-term-sertraline-treatment-and-depression-effects-on-carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-premenopausal-female-primates
#19
Marnie G Silverstein-Metzler, Jamie N Justice, Susan E Appt, Leanne Groban, Dalane W Kitzman, John Jeffrey Carr, Thomas C Register, Carol A Shively
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis developed during premenopausal years predicts postmenopausal atherosclerosis burden. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, recently approved for hot flushes, have been associated with increased ischemic stroke risk in several observational studies; however, effects on carotid artery atherosclerosis, a strong predictor of future vascular events, are unknown. METHODS: The effects of chronic administration of a commonly prescribed SSRI, sertraline HCl, on atherosclerosis in the carotid artery was assessed in a placebo-controlled, longitudinal, randomized study of premeonopausal depressed and nondepressed cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis; n = 42)...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609386/prevalence-severity-and-associated-factors-of-menopausal-symptoms-in-middle-aged-chinese-women-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-southeast-china
#20
Yibing Lan, Yizhou Huang, Yang Song, Linjuan Ma, Peiqiong Chen, Qian Ying, Wei Li, Yuqun Cai, Jianhong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to specify the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms, and to investigate associated factors in Chinese middle-aged women. METHODS: A cross-sectional, community-based study was carried out involving 1,054 participants aged 40 to 60 years in Gongshu District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, PR China. The presence and severity of symptoms were evaluated by having the participants complete a modified Kupperman Menopausal Index questionnaire...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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