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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241191/evaluation-of-behavioral-and-susceptibility-patterns-in-premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-control-study
#1
Saddam Al Demour, Mera A Ababneh
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are a major source of morbidity and healthcare costs. Risk factors associated with recurrence rates in premenopausal women can be attributed to patient lifestyle behavior. The aim of this study was to assess hygienic risk factors, determine pathogen distribution, and susceptibility patterns in premenopausal women with recurrent UTI. This was case-control study in which a face-to-face interview was conducted to obtain information from premenopausal women with recurrent UTI...
December 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240514/menopausal-asthma-much-ado-about-nothing-an-observational-study
#2
Katarzyna Bialek-Gosk, Marta Maskey-Warzechowska, Rafal Krenke, Marta Dabrowska, Magdalena Paplinska-Goryca, Patrycja Nejman-Gryz, Joanna Domagala-Kulawik, Tadeusz Przybylowski, Ryszarda Chazan
OBJECTIVE: Menopausal asthma is considered a distinct asthma phenotype. Our aim was to identify potential specific features of asthma in postmenopausal women in a cohort of Polish females. METHODS: Asthma severity and control, pulmonary function, exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), peripheral blood and induced sputum (IS) differential cell count were compared in three groups: women with premenopausal asthma (group 1), menopausal women with pre-existing asthma (group 2A) and menopausal women with asthma onset in the perimenopausal or menopausal period (group 2B)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239836/determinants-of-weight-gain-during-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-and-association-of-such-weight-gain-with-recurrence-in-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Akshara Raghavendra, Arup K Sinha, Janeiro Valle, Yu Shen, Debu Tripathy, Carlos H Barcenas
BACKGROUND: Weight gain is a negative prognostic factor in breast cancer (BC) patients. The risk factors for weight gain during adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) and the extent to which such weight gain is associated with disease recurrence remain unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified a cohort of women with a diagnosis of stage I-III, hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative BC from January 1997 to August 2008, who had received initial treatment at the MD Anderson Cancer Center, had completed 5 years of ET, and had remained free of locoregional or distant relapse or contralateral BC for ≥ 5 years after diagnosis...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238719/can-replacing-ca125-with-he4-in-risk-of-malignancy-indices-1-4-improve-diagnostic-performance-in-the-presurgical-assessment-of-adnexal-tumors
#4
Nabil Abdalla, Robert Piórkowski, Paweł Stanirowski, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
Aims: To assess whether replacing CA125 with HE4 in the classical formulas of risk of malignancy indices (RMIs) can improve diagnostic performance. Methods: For each of 312 patients with an adnexal mass, classical RMIs 1-4 were computed based on ultrasound score, menopausal status, and serum CA125 levels. Additionally, modified RMIs (mRMIs) 1-4 were recalculated by replacing CA125 with HE4. Results: Malignant pathology was diagnosed in 52 patients (16...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231918/-systemic-treatment-of-early-breast-cancer-current-state-of-knowledge-after-the-conference-st-gallen-2017
#5
REVIEW
Tomasz Sarosiek
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women around the globe. It is also the world's first cause of female deaths from cancer. With the introduction of screening programs in most developed countries, more and more cases of this cancer are diagnosed at local or localized stages, enabling radical treatment to be successful. At the same time, systemic treatment of early breast cancer is one of the most complex issues in clinical oncology. Because of the many prognostic factors that need to be taken into account when considering eligibility for treatment such as age, reproductive status (before or after menopause), type of cancer and severity of the disease, it is impossible to establish clear standards of conduct for many clinical situations...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231589/-effects-of-moxibustion-at-shenshu-bl-23-on-level-of-sex-hormones-and-amh-in-sub-health-peri-menopausal-women
#6
Jie Shen, Meihong Shen, Zhongren Li, Rongli Zhang, Xia Li, Bingwei Ai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects between moxibustion at Shenshu (BL 23) and oral administration of Vitamin E on quality of life and mechanism in sub-health perimenopausal women, aiming to provide clinical evidence of moxibustion for health care of sub-health female. METHODS: Sixty participants were randomly divided into a moxibustion group and a medication group, 30 cases in each one. The volunteers in the moxibustion group were treated with mild moxibustion at bilateral Shenshu (BL 23) for 15 min, once a day; five treatments were considered as a course of treatment, and totally 4 courses were given with an interval of 2 days between courses...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229752/ribociclib-extends-survival-in-hr-breast-cancer
#7
(no author information available yet)
Adding the CDK4/6 inhibitor ribociclib to standard first-line endocrine therapy significantly prolonged survival in premenopausal and perimenopausal women with advanced HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer enrolled in the MONALEESA-7 trial. This is the first definitive evidence that CDK4/6 inhibitor-based therapy is effective for first-line treatment of premenopausal and perimenopausal women.
December 11, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229550/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-oxidative-stress-among-premenopausal-women
#8
Chelsea Anderson, Ginger L Milne, Yong-Moon Mark Park, Dale P Sandler, Hazel B Nichols
Oxidative stress is one hypothesized mechanism linking anthropometric, behavioral, and medical risk factors with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated cross-sectional associations between CVD risk factors and biomarkers of oxidative stress, and investigated these biomarkers as predictors of incident diabetes and hypertension among premenopausal women. F2-isoprostane (F2-IsoP) and metabolite (15-F2t-IsoP-M), reliable biomarkers of oxidative stress, were measured in urine samples collected at enrollment from 897 premenopausal women (ages 35-54) enrolled in the Sister Study cohort without a CVD history...
December 8, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225554/recent-developments-in-psychopharmaceutical-approaches-to-treating-female-sexual-interest-and-arousal-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Stephanie Both
Purpose of Review: This review summarizes the recent literature and empirical studies on psychopharmacological approaches to treating female sexual interest/arousal disorder (FSIAD). Recent Findings: Several new drugs for FSIAD that are intended to increase sexual responsiveness by influencing central excitatory and inhibitory neuromodulatory processes are under development. Studies on flibanserin resulted in the first approved medication for the treatment of low sexual desire in premenopausal women...
2017: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225469/pelvic-vein-incompetence-clinical-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
David M Riding, Vivak Hansrani, Charles McCollum
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 24% of premenopausal women, accounts for 20%-30% of UK gynecology outpatient appointments, and has an annual pan-European economic cost of €3.8 billion. Despite extensive investigation, often including laparoscopy, up to 55% of women do not receive a diagnosis and endure persistent symptoms. In these patients, clinical management focuses on symptom control rather than treatment. It is possible that pelvic vein incompetence (PVI) is a cause of CPP, although the quality of studies investigating an association is generally low...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224098/role-of-estrogens-in-the-regulation-of-liver-lipid-metabolism
#11
Brian T Palmisano, Lin Zhu, John M Stafford
Before menopause, women are protected from atherosclerotic heart disease associated with obesity relative to men. Sex hormones have been proposed as a mechanism that differentiates this risk. In this review, we discuss the literature around how the endogenous sex hormones and hormone treatment approaches after menopause regulate fatty acid, triglyceride, and cholesterol metabolism to influence cardiovascular risk.The important regulatory functions of estrogen signaling pathways with regard to lipid metabolism have been in part obscured by clinical trials with hormone treatment of women after menopause, due to different formulations, routes of delivery, and pairings with progestins...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224089/cellular-mechanisms-driving-sex-differences-in-adipose-tissue-biology-and-body-shape-in-humans-and-mouse-models
#12
Kalypso Karastergiou, Susan K Fried
Sex differences in adipose tissue distribution and the metabolic, endocrine, and immune functions of different anatomical fat depots have been described, but they are incompletely documented in the literature. It is becoming increasingly clear that adipose depots serve distinct functions in males and females and have specific physiological roles. However, the mechanisms that regulate the size and function of specific adipose tissues in men and women remain poorly understood. New insights from mouse models have advanced our understanding of depot differences in adipose growth and remodeling via the proliferation and differentiation of adipose progenitors that can expand adipocyte number in the tissue or simply replace dysfunctional older and larger adipocytes...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223719/physical-activity-and-weight-loss-reduce-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-139-prospective-and-retrospective-studies
#13
Prue J Hardefeldt, Ross Penninkilampi, Senarath Edirimanne, Guy D Eslick
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and weight loss have been shown to reduce breast cancer incidence in numerous observational studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of both physical activity and weight loss on breast cancer incidence. Specifically, we aimed to complete subgroup analyses by the intensity of physical activity and menopausal status at breast cancer diagnosis to further elucidate the relationship between physical activity, weight loss, and breast cancer incidence...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222346/adiposity-inflammation-and-breast-cancer-pathogenesis-in-asian-women
#14
Neil M Iyengar, I-Chun Chen, Xi K Zhou, Dilip D Giri, Domenick J Falcone, Lisle A Winston, Hanhan Wang, Samantha Williams, Yen-Shen Lu, Tsu-Hsin Hsueh, Ann-Lii Cheng, Clifford A Hudis, Ching-Hung Lin, Andrew J Dannenberg
Obesity is associated with white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation in the breast, elevated levels of the estrogen biosynthetic enzyme, aromatase, and systemic changes that predispose to breast cancer development. We examined whether WAT inflammation and its associated systemic effects correlate with body fat levels in an Asian population where body mass index (BMI) is not an accurate assessment of obesity and cancer risk. We also investigated whether biologic differences could account for the greater proportion of premenopausal estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer in Asian versus western countries...
December 8, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221848/menopausal-related-symptoms-in-women-one-year-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#15
Melissa Mazor, Kathryn Lee, Anand Dhruva, Janine K Cataldo, Steven M Paul, Michelle Melisko, Betty J Smoot, Jon D Levine, Charles Elboim, Yvette P Conley, Christine Miaskowksi
CONTEXT: Approximately 60% to 100% of women with breast cancer experience at least one menopausal-related symptom. Little is known about associations between menopausal status and symptoms in women 12 months after breast cancer surgery. OBJECTIVE: Purpose of this study was to evaluate for differences in occurrence, severity, and distress of symptoms between pre- and post-menopausal women 12 months after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Women with breast cancer (n=327) completed the Menopausal Symptoms Scale, that evaluated the occurrence, severity, and distress of 46 common menopausal-related symptoms...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218771/menopause-related-appendicular-bone-loss-is-mainly-cortical-and-results-in-increased-cortical-porosity
#16
Åshild Bjørnerem, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, John L Hopper, Roger Zebaze, Ego Seeman
After menopause, remodeling becomes unbalanced and rapid. Each of the many remodeling transactions deposits less bone than it resorbed, producing microstructural deterioration. Trabecular bone is said to be lost more rapidly than cortical bone. However, because 80% of the skeleton is cortical, we hypothesized that most menopause-related bone loss and changes in bone microstructure are cortical, not trabecular in origin, and are the result of intracortical remodeling. Distal tibial and distal radial microstructure were quantified during 3...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218215/leiomyoma-of-round-ligament-mimicking-an-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-report-of-a-rare-case
#17
Christoforos Efthimiadis, Aristeidis Ioannidis, Marios Grigoriou, Konstantinia Kofina, Domniki Gerasimidou
Inguinal hernia is a common condition and may contain small or large bowel, omentum or other tissues. Leiomyomas of a round ligament are a rare condition occurring predominantly in premenopausal women. Abdominal, inguinal and vulvar locations have been described. Rare situations have been reported in which leiomyomas resemble to an incarcerated inguinal hernia. We describe a rare case of a leiomyoma of a round ligament in a young Caucasian female mimicking an incarcerated inguinal hernia. The treatment was surgical and we were able to remove the leiomyoma of the round ligament successfully...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216920/body-mass-index-had-different-effects-on-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-risks-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-with-3-318-796-subjects-from-31-cohort-studies
#18
Yanzi Chen, Li Liu, Quan Zhou, Mustapha Umar Imam, Jialin Cai, Yaxuan Wang, Minjie Qi, Panpan Sun, Zhiguang Ping, Xiaoli Fu
BACKGROUND: There is sufficient evidence supporting a relationship between increased body mass index (BMI) and an increased risk for breast cancer among postmenopausal women. However, most studies have found a decreased risk for premenopausal breast cancer. This study was conducted to find out the different effects of BMI on the risk of breast cancer among premenopausal and postmenopausal women, and explore the potential factors that influence the associations. METHODS: A dose-response meta-analysis with 3,318,796 participants from 31 articles was conducted...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216361/gnrh-receptor-antagonist-mono-and-combination-therapy-with-e2-neta-add-back-pharmacodynamics-and-safety-of-obe2109
#19
Oliver Pohl, Line Marchand, Neil Fawkes, Jean-Pierre Gotteland, Ernest Loumaye
Context: OBE2109 is a novel, potent, oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor antagonist being developed for the treatment of sex-hormone-dependent diseases in women. Objective: We assessed the pharmacodynamics and safety of OBE2109 alone and combined with estradiol(E2)/norethindrone acetate(NETA) add-back therapy on E2 levels and vaginal bleeding. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a single-center, open-label, randomized, parallel-group study in 76 healthy premenopausal women with regular menstrual cycles...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215604/dietary-factors-and-female-breast-cancer-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Ji Hyun Kim, Jeonghee Lee, So-Youn Jung, Jeongseon Kim
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer in females and has become a major global health priority. This prospective cohort study investigated the association of dietary factors, including food items and dietary habits, with the risk of breast cancer in Korean women. Study participants were women aged 30 years or older, recruited from the National Cancer Center in South Korea between August 2002 and May 2007. They were followed until December 2014 using the Korea Central Cancer Registry to identify breast cancer cases...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
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