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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806370/will-veterans-answer-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-questions
#1
Mollie A Ruben, John R Blosnich, Melissa E Dichter, Lorry Luscri, Jillian C Shipherd
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration does not routinely collect and document sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) data, despite existing health disparities among sexual and gender minority Veterans. Because of the legacy of previous Department of Defense (DoD) policies that prohibited disclosure of sexual or gender minority identities among active duty personnel, Veterans may be reluctant to respond to SOGI questions. OBJECTIVES: This population-based study assesses item nonresponse to SOGI questions by Veteran status...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806361/health-disparities-in-veterans-a-map-of-the-evidence
#2
Karli Kondo, Allison Low, Teresa Everson, Christine D Gordon, Stephanie Veazie, Crystal C Lozier, Michele Freeman, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Aaron Mendelson, Mark Friesen, Robin Paynter, Caroline Friesen, Johanna Anderson, Erin Boundy, Somnath Saha, Ana Quiñones, Devan Kansagara
BACKGROUND: Goals for improving the quality of care for all Veterans and eliminating health disparities are outlined in the Veterans Health Administration Blueprint for Excellence, but the degree to which disparities in utilization, health outcomes, and quality of care affect Veterans is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the research on health care disparities in the Veterans Health Administration by means of a map of the evidence. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a systematic search for research studies published from 2006 to February 2016 in MEDLINE and other data sources...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805508/corrigendum-to-effectiveness-of-a-multidimensional-web-based-intervention-program-to-change-brazilian-health-practitioners-attitudes-toward-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-population
#3
Angelo Brandelli Costa, Paola Fagundes Pase, Eric Seger de Camargo, Camila Guaranha, Adriano Henrique Caetano, Daniel Kveller, Heitor Thomé da Rosa Filho, Ramiro Figueiredo Catelan, Silvia Helena Koller, Henrique Caetano Nardi
Corrigendum to: J Health Psychol DOI 10.1177/1359105316628748 Unfortunately, the online published article has an error in one of the analyses. On page 365, fifth paragraph, the corrected statistical report is (Δ 1.66, 95% CI [3.32, .01], t (305) = -1.98, p<.05), not (Δ 1.66, 95% CI [3.32, .01], t (305) = -1.66, p <.05). In spite of this correction, there is no change in the direction of the test and therefore in the interpretation of this result.
June 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805403/where-s-the-lgbt-in-integrated-care-research-a-systematic-review
#4
Rachel L Hughes, Catherine Damin, Katie Heiden-Rootes
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience more negative health outcomes compared with their heterosexual peers. The health disparities are often related to family and social rejection of the LGBT individuals. Integrated care, and Medical Family Therapy in particular, may aid in addressing the systemic nature of the negative health outcomes. METHOD: To better understand the current state of the integrated care literature on addressing the health needs of LGBT individuals, a systematic review of the research literature was conducted from January 2000 to January 2016 for articles including integrated health care interventions for LGBT populations...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800283/predator-pet-lesbian-or-just-the-nanny-lgbtq-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-describe-categorization
#5
Margaret F Gibson
How are lesbian/gay/bisexual/trans/queer (LGBTQ) parents of children with disabilities categorized by service providers, and how do parents anticipate, interpret, and respond to such categorizations? This intersectional study investigated the experiences of LGBTQ parents of children with disabilities with service providers in Toronto, Canada. Parents described pressures to "fit" into providers' limited understanding of family. Some parents described facing overt discrimination, including one parent who was seen as a possible sexual predator...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800279/more-than-a-feeling-an-empirical-analysis-of-the-dual-continua-model-on-a-national-sample-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identified-canadians
#6
Tracey Peter
The goal of the study is to investigate whether positive mental health complements mental illness within a theoretically informed (the dual-continua model) and psychometrically tested (the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form) framework. National-level, population-based data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health (CCHS-MH) was used, with comparisons between sexual minority and heterosexual adults. Results show that gay, lesbian, and bisexual Canadians have substantially lower rates of positive mental health and are more likely to have been diagnosed with a mental illness, with the disparities between health and illness being the most pronounced among lesbians and bisexual females...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799888/challenging-the-black-church-narrative-race-class-and-homosexual-attitudes
#7
Yasmiyn A Irizarry, Ravi K Perry
In recent years, scholars have pointed to the black church as the driving force behind blacks' more conservative Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (LGBT) attitudes. Although evidence suggests a robust association between religiosity and LGBT attitudes, contemporary scholarship has not examined the role of class or the extent to which religiosity actually explains these trends. Using the 2004-2012 waves of the General Social Survey, we find that class moderates in the effect of race on negative LGBT attitudes, resulting in a noticeably larger gap between middle class blacks and whites than in the top or the bottom of the class distribution...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796758/recommendations-for-hiv-screening-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states-2017
#8
Elizabeth A DiNenno, Joseph Prejean, Kathleen Irwin, Kevin P Delaney, Kristina Bowles, Tricia Martin, Amrita Tailor, Gema Dumitru, Mary M Mullins, Angela B Hutchinson, Amy Lansky
CDC's 2006 recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing state that all persons aged 13-64 years should be screened for HIV at least once, and that persons at higher risk for HIV infection, including sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM), should be rescreened at least annually (1). Authors of reports published since 2006, including CDC (2), suggested that MSM, a group that is at highest risk for HIV infection, might benefit from being screened more frequently than once each year...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795897/living-as-an-lgbtq-adolescent-and-a-parent-s-child-overlapping-or-separate-experiences
#9
Christopher J Mehus, Ryan J Watson, Marla E Eisenberg, Heather L Corliss, Carolyn M Porta
It is well known that parental and community-based support are each related to healthy development in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth, but little research has explored the ways these contexts interact and overlap. Through go-along interviews (a method in which participants guide the interviewer around the community) with 66 youth in British Columbia, Massachusetts, and Minnesota, adolescents (aged 14-19 years) reported varying extent of overlap between their LGBTQ experiences and their parent-youth experiences; parents and youth each contributed to the extent of overlap...
May 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794617/sociodemographic-profile-and-predictors-of-outpatient-clinic-attendance-among-hiv-positive-patients-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-in-selangor-malaysia
#10
Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Lekhraj Rampal, Norlijah Othman, Faisal Ibrahim, Kadir Shahar Hayati, Anuradha P Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent literature evidence suggests that sociodemographic, economic, and system- and patient-related factors are associated with clinic attendance among the HIV-positive population receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) around the world. We examined the factors that predict outpatient clinic attendance among a cohort of HIV-positive patients initiating ART in Selangor, Malaysia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed secondary data on outpatient clinic attendance and sociodemographic, economic, psychosocial, and patient-related factors among 242 adult Malaysian patients initiating ART in Selangor, Malaysia...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793389/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-parents-experiences-of-nurses-attitudes-in-child-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#11
Anna-Eva Andersen, Catherine Moberg, Anita Bengtsson Tops, Pernilla Garmy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of nurses' attitudes in child health care. BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are often reluctant to disclose their gender identity for fear of discrimination. This fear may lead to avoidance of healthcare for themselves or their children and may negatively affect families' health and well-being. DESIGN: A qualitative inductive design was employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 lesbian, gay or bisexual parents (11 mothers and 3 fathers) with child health care experiences in southern Sweden...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792993/prevalence-risk-factors-and-hepatitis-b-immunization-helping-fill-the-gap-on-hepatitis-b-epidemiology-among-homeless-people-goi%C3%A3-nia-central-brazil
#12
Paulie Marcelly Ribeiro Dos Santos Carvalho, Marcos André de Matos, Regina Maria Bringel Martins, Raquel Silva Pinheiro, Karlla Antonieta Amorim Caetano, Márcia Maria de Souza, Megmar Aparecida Dos Santos Carneiro, Sheila Araujo Teles
Data are limited in Brazil on hepatitis B infection among homeless individuals, a marginalized population with high risk of sexually transmissible infections (STI), including hepatitis B. The aim of this study was to investigate hepatitis B epidemiology in homeless persons lodged in a public shelter in Goiânia, Central Brazil. From August 2014 to June 2015, 353 individuals were interviewed and tested for markers of HBV infection. Overall HBV prevalence was 21.8% (95%CI: 17,82-26,41), and 19,5% (95%CI: 15,75-24,0) showed a serological profile of previous HBV vaccination...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792886/mediating-effects-of-social-support-and-internalized-homonegativity-on-the-association-between-population-density-and-mental-health-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Demetria N Cain, Chloe Mirzayi, H Jonathon Rendina, Ana Ventuneac, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
PURPOSE: Depression negatively impacts the health and well-being of gay and bisexual men (GBM). However, little is known about the contexts in which rural GBM live relative to those living in urban areas and their overall mental health. The aim of this study was to examine associations between population density and depressive symptoms and the role of internalized homonegativity and social support as potential mediators. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1071 GBM (mean age = 40...
August 9, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#14
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777708/rhetoric-and-etiological-beliefs-about-sexuality-reader-responses-to-cynthia-nixon-s-new-york-times-interview
#15
Adam Jowett, Sophie Barker
In 2012, the US actress Cynthia Nixon was quoted in New York Times Magazine as having stated that "for me, it [being gay] is a choice. I understand that for many people it's not, but for me it's a choice, and you don't get to define my gayness for me". The interview attracted international media attention and public criticism by lesbian and gay activists. This paper suggests a rhetorical approach to understanding etiological beliefs and provides a discursive analysis of 198 online comments by readers of Pink News, a gay news website which reported on Nixon's controversial interview...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776830/paving-pathways-through-the-pain-a-grounded-theory-of-resilience-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-trans-and-queer-youth
#16
Kenta Asakura
This grounded theory study utilized interviews with 16 service providers and 19 lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) youth to develop a substantive theory of resilience processes among LGBTQ youth. The core category, paving pathways through the pain, suggests that LGBTQ youth build on emotional pain inflicted by external adversities to carve out pathways to resilience. Youth employed the following resilience processes: (1) navigating safety across contexts, (2) asserting personal agency, (3) seeking and cultivating meaningful relationships, (4) un-silencing marginalized identities, and (5) engaging in collective healing and action...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771090/challenges-and-strategies-of-sexual-minority-youth-research-in-southwest-virginia
#17
Erin S Lavender-Stott, Erika L Grafsky, Hoa N Nguyen, Emily Haugen, Sarah M Steelman
A research team that works on scholarship related to sexual minority issues has been conducting research and recruiting participants since the fall of 2012. In the years since the team was formed, there has been a variety of challenges with recruitment, approval for research through the Institutional Review Board, gaining access to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) community, and general mistrust of researchers. Using concepts from feminist-informed qualitative research methodology-including reflexivity, positionality, and engaging in research with individuals from marginalized communities-we present reflections on some of the methodological challenges the research team has encountered while trying to conduct LGBQ research in Southwest Virginia...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770637/many-shades-of-green-assessing-awareness-of-differences-in-mental-health-care-needs-among-subpopulations-of-military-veterans
#18
Eileen M Ahlin, Anne S Douds
The current study sought to examine access to services by various veteran subgroups: racial/ethnic minorities, females, rural populations, and LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer). Generally, the Veteran Service Officers (VSOs) interviewed for this study did not feel that these subgroups were well served by the program and treatment options presently available, and that other groups such as males and urban veterans received better access to necessary psychosocial and medical care. This research extends studies that explore overall connection to services by further demonstrating barriers to receipt of services by specific subgroups of veterans, particularly those at risk for involvement in the criminal justice system...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765305/sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people
#19
EDITORIAL
Nick Meader, Melissa K Y Chan
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young people have been found to be at greater risk of suicidal behaviour. National prevention strategies have identified the need to reduce suicide risk in this population. However, research on specific risk factors for LGB young people that might inform suicide prevention programmes are at an early stage of development.
August 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763487/nationally-representative-prevalence-estimates-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-have-served-in-the-u-s-military
#20
Karen W Hoover, Kevin L Tao, Philip J Peters
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of men in the U.S. military who are gay, bisexual, or other men who have sex with men (MSM) to inform the development of military and other federal policies. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from the National Surveys of Family Growth to estimate the number of U.S. men who were gay, bisexual, or MSM, and who had served in the military, compared to those who did not serve. We stratified using hierarchical categories of gay, bisexual, and other MSM to compare proportions in the military and general population...
2017: PloS One
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