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#1
(no author information available yet)
Background : the establishment of a colostomy is a difficult time for the patient since it undergoes physical, psychological and social changes resulting in the modification of the body self-image. Purpose and Framework : this study aims to identify adaptation strategies for colostomates who have a disturbance of self-image after a month of surgery depending on the Roy Adaptation Model. Methods : a descriptive quantitative study was realized with a sample of 70 patients with colostomy in the department of surgery Farhat Hached and Sahloul Hospital in Sousse...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944453/personalised-digital-interventions-for-reducing-hazardous-and-harmful-alcohol-consumption-in-community-dwelling-populations
#2
REVIEW
Eileen Fs Kaner, Fiona R Beyer, Claire Garnett, David Crane, Jamie Brown, Colin Muirhead, James Redmore, Amy O'Donnell, James J Newham, Frank de Vocht, Matthew Hickman, Heather Brown, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to interact directly via computer, mobile device or smartphone with digital interventions designed to address problem alcohol consumption...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944350/relationship-between-the-severity-of-malocclusion-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P McGrath
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of untreated malocclusion on different aspects of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All relevant literature published up to February 18, 2016 was collected from nine electronic databases. To make studies comparable, studies that used the dental aesthetic index (DAI), index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN), or index of complexity, outcome and need (ICON) to measure malocclusion and oral health impact profile (OHIP) to measure OHRQoL were selected for systematic review...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944220/determinants-for-further-wishes-for-cosmetic-and-reconstructive-interventions-in-1652-patients-with-surgical-treated-carcinomas-of-the-oral-cavity
#4
Henrik Holtmann, Simon Spalthoff, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Jörg Handschel, Julian Lommen, Norbert R Kübler, Gertrud Krüskemper, Majeed Rana, Karoline Sander
BACKGROUND: The impairment of the appearance is a major problem for patients with carcinomas of the oral cavity. These patients want to recover their preoperative facial appearance. Some do not realize that this is not always possible and hence develop a desire for further cosmetic and reconstructive surgery (CRS) which often causes psychological problems. METHOD: The desire of patients for CRS (N = 410; 26%) has been acquired in this DÖSAK rehab study including multiple reasons such as medical, functional, aesthetic and psychosocial aspects...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943841/microglia-an-interface-between-the-loss-of-neuroplasticity-and-depression
#5
REVIEW
Gaurav Singhal, Bernhard T Baune
Depression has been widely accepted as a major psychiatric disease affecting nearly 350 million people worldwide. Research focus is now shifting from studying the extrinsic and social factors of depression to the underlying molecular causes. Microglial activity is shown to be associated with pathological conditions, such as psychological stress, pathological aging, and chronic infections. These are primary immune effector cells in the CNS and regulate the extensive dialogue between the nervous and the immune systems in response to different immunological, physiological, and psychological stressors...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943829/perceptions-and-receptivity-of-non-spousal-family-support-a-mixed-methods-study-of-psychological-distress-among-older-church-going-african-american-men
#6
Daphne C Watkins, Tracy Wharton, Jamie A Mitchell, Niki Matusko, Helen Kales
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of non-spousal family support on mental health among older, church-going African American men. The mixed methods objective was to employ a design that used existing qualitative and quantitative data to explore the interpretive context within which social and cultural experiences occur. Qualitative data (n=21) were used to build a conceptual model that was tested using quantitative data (n= 401). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an inverse association between non-spousal family support and distress...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Mixed Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943722/from-faces-to-prosocial-behavior-cues-tools-and-mechanisms
#7
Ralph Adolphs, Anita Tusche
In this review we ask how looking at people's faces can influence prosocial behaviors towards them. Components of this process have often been studied by disparate literatures: one focused on perception and judgment of faces, using both psychological and neuroscience approaches; and a second focused on actual social behaviors, as studied in behavioral economics and decision science. Bridging these disciplines requires a more mechanistic account of how processing of particular face attributes or features influences social judgments and behaviors...
June 1, 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943707/burning-down-the-silos-integrating-new-perspectives-from-the-social-sciences-into-human-behavior-in-fire-research
#8
Erica Kuligowski
The traditional social science disciplines can provide many benefits to the field of human behavior in fire (HBiF). First, the social sciences delve further into insights only marginally examined by HBiF researchers, in turn, expanding the depth of HBiF research. In this paper, I present examples of studies from the fields of social psychology and sociology that would expand HBiF research into non-engineering or "unobservable" aspects of behavior during a fire event. Second, the social sciences can provide insight into new areas of research; in turn, expanding the scope of HBiF research...
August 2017: Fire Mater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942953/metacognitive-beliefs-as-psychological-predictors-of-social-functioning-an-investigation-with-young-people-at-risk-of-psychosis
#9
Measha Bright, Sophie Parker, Paul French, David Fowler, Andrew Gumley, Anthony P Morrison, Max Birchwood, Peter B Jones, Suzanne L K Stewart, Adrian Wells
Poor social functioning has been found to be present in those at risk for psychosis. This study aimed to examine metacognitive beliefs as potential predictors of structured activity (measure of social functioning) in those with an At Risk Mental State (ARMS). Regression and correlation analyses were conducted. The sample included 109 young people. Age was found to be positively correlated to structured activity. Metacognitive beliefs concerning uncontrollability and danger of worry were found to negatively predict structured activity...
September 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942906/the-underutilization-of-rehabilitation-to-treat-physical-impairments-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
REVIEW
Michael D Stubblefield
Breast cancer survivors can experience multiple neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, pain, and functional disorders as a result of their cancer and its treatment. Common disorders include shoulder dysfunction, postmastectomy syndrome, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, axillary cording, lymphedema, and a host of others. Cancer rehabilitation is a process that helps breast cancer and other survivors to obtain and maintain the highest possible physical, social, psychological, and vocational functioning within the limits created by cancer and its treatments...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942739/the-predictive-value-of-symptoms-for-anxiety-in-hospice-inpatients-with-advanced-cancer
#11
Danielle Zweers, Everlien de Graaf, Alexander de Graeff, Rebecca K Stellato, Petronella O Witteveen, Saskia C C M Teunissen
OBJECTIVE: Insight into symptoms as predictors for anxiety may help to foster early identification of anxiety and to ameliorate anxiety management. The aim of this study was to determine which frequently occurring symptoms are predictors for anxiety in advanced cancer patients recently admitted to a hospice. METHOD: Symptom burden was measured in patients admitted to a hospice who died ≤3 month after admission using the Utrecht Symptom Diary. This is a Dutch-translated and adapted version of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System to self-assess the 11 most prevalent symptoms and overall well-being on a 0-10 numerical rating scale...
September 25, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942675/cycling-through-cancer-exploring-childhood-cancer-survivors-experiences-of-well-and-ill-being
#12
Shaunna M Burke, Jennifer Brunet, Amanda Wurz, Christina Butler, Andrea Utley
The benefits of informal physical activity during recovery from childhood cancer have rarely been investigated. This study adopted a multiple case study approach to explore the impact of recreational cycling on childhood cancer survivors' experiences of well- and ill-being. Three semistructured interviews were conducted over a 3-month period with four survivors to explore their experiences of physical, psychological, and social well- and ill-being. Within-case analysis followed by cross-case analysis identified three themes that captured their well- and ill-being experiences with recreational cycling and cancer: (a) cultivating feelings and emotions, (b) experiencing physical changes, and (c) encountering positive and negative social interactions...
September 23, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942202/the-potential-protective-effect-of-friendship-on-the-association-between-childhood-adversity-and-psychological-distress-in-adulthood-a-retrospective-preliminary-three-wave-population-based-study
#13
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Previous studies that assessed the mediating role of social support in the association between childhood adversity and psychological distress based their inferences on very small, selective samples, which makes it impossible to generalise the findings to general population. The aim of this paper was to assess the mediating role of quantity and quality of social support in adulthood in the association between childhood adversity and psychological distress in adulthood. METHODS: The study has a three-wave design; the present analysis used longitudinal data collected from 1994 to 2008 within the framework of the Tromsø Study (N = 4530), a representative prospective cohort study of men and women...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940682/rural-urban-disparity-in-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Amal Gaber, Chantal Galarneau, Jocelyne S Feine, Elham Emami
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this population-based cross-sectional study was to estimate rural-urban disparity in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the Quebec adult population. METHODS: A 2-stage sampling design was used to collect data from the 1788 parents/caregivers of schoolchildren living in the 8 regions of the province of Quebec in Canada. Andersen's behavioural model for health services utilization was used as a conceptual framework. Place of residency was defined according to the Statistics Canada Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone classification...
September 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940467/an-examination-of-alcohol-use-disorder-symptoms-and-neighborhood-disorganization-from-age-21-to-39
#15
Christopher Cambron, Rick Kosterman, Isaac C Rhew, Richard F Catalano, Katarina Guttmannova, J David Hawkins
Living in disorganized neighborhoods characterized by high levels of poverty, crime, violence, and deteriorating buildings has been associated with increased alcohol consumption and mental health problems. Data drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project (N = 790), a theory-driven longitudinal study originating in Seattle, WA, were used to estimate trajectories of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) symptoms from age 21 to 39. Time-varying measures of neighborhood disorganization, psychological distress, and sociodemographic factors were associated with deviations from average AUD symptoms at each wave...
September 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940414/benefits-and-drawbacks-of-social-non-drinking-identified-by-british-university-students
#16
Dominic Conroy, Richard O de Visser
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Promoting the benefits of not drinking alcohol during social occasions where other peers may be drinking ('social non-drinking') may support more moderate drinking among young people. We analysed free-text responses from university students to gauge the frequency/focus of identified benefits of, and drawbacks to, social non-drinking. We also assessed whether/how identified benefits and drawbacks were associated with recent drinking behaviour and psychological correlates of harmful drinking...
September 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938955/cumulative-psychological-stress-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-middle-aged-and-older-women-rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#17
Michelle A Albert, Eva M Durazo, Natalie Slopen, Alan M Zaslavsky, Julie E Buring, Ted Silva, Daniel Chasman, David R Williams
Although a growing body of evidence indicates strong links between psychological stress (stress) and untoward cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, comprehensive examination of these effects remains lacking. The "Cumulative Psychological Stress and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Middle Aged and Older Women" study is embedded within the landmark Women's Health Study (WHS) follow-up cohort and seeks to evaluate the individual and joint effects of stressors (cumulative stress) on incident CVD risk, including myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary revascularization and CVD death...
October 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938881/prevalence-and-correlates-for-adhd-and-relation-with-social-and-academic-functioning-among-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-aids-in-uganda
#18
Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jonathan Levin, Kenneth D Gadow, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS (CA-HIV) attending five HIV clinics in central and South Western Uganda. METHODS: This study used a quantitative design that involved a random sample of 1339 children and adolescents with HIV and their caregivers. The Participants completed an extensive battery of measures including a standardized DSM-5 referenced rating scale, the parent version (5-18 years) of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5)...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938335/statistical-analysis-of-influences-on-the-psychosocial-status-of-children-with-hemangiomas-and-their-families
#19
Ji Ung Park, Soohee Kang, Tae Hyun Choi
The psychologic stress on the child and family, which arise from hemangiomas, the most common neoplasm of childhood, cannot be overestimated. This study determined the preoperative and postoperative psychosocial status and variation among Oriental children with hemangiomas and their families by questionnaire. Thirty patients who underwent surgery for hemangiomas were assessed for preoperative and postoperative psychosocial status by questionnaire. The distribution of the total mean score and variation between the preoperative and postoperative status was estimated...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938204/natural-outdoor-environments-and-mental-health-stress-as-a-possible-mechanism
#20
Margarita Triguero-Mas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Antònia Valentín, David Martínez, Graham Smith, Gemma Hurst, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Daniel Masterson, Magdalena van den Berg, Albert Ambròs, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Audrius Dedele, Naomi Ellis, Tomas Grazulevicius, Martin Voorsmit, Marta Cirach, Judith Cirac-Claveras, Wim Swart, Eddy Clasquin, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Jolanda Maas, Michael Jerret, Regina Gražulevičienė, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher J Gidlow, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Better mental health has been associated with exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE). However, comprehensive studies including several indicators of exposure and outcomes, potential effect modifiers and mediators are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We used novel, objective measures to explore the relationships between exposure to NOE (i.e. residential availability and contact) and different indicators of mental health, and possible modifiers and mediators...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Research
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