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Environmental psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352360/quality-of-life-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-related-to-female-gender-and-comorbid-insomnia
#1
Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan, Canan Gunduz, Sebnem Pirildar, Ozen K Basoglu
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder affecting health-related quality of life (QoL), and OSA severity is not a reliable indicator for QoL. The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the impact of gender on QoL and (2) to identify the predictors of QoL in OSA patients. METHODS: World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale short form (WHOQOL-Bref) was used for evaluating QoL in OSA patients undergoing polysomnography in sleep laboratory of a university hospital...
January 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349260/environmental-radiation-level-radiation-anxiety-and-psychological-distress-of-non-evacuee-residents-in-fukushima-five-years-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-multilevel-analyses
#2
Maiko Fukasawa, Norito Kawakami, Maki Umeda, Karin Miyamoto, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Naoko Horikoshi, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Evelyn J Bromet
The present study aimed to clarify the associations among radiation exposure or psychological exposure to the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident (i.e., fear/anxiety immediately after the accident), current radiation anxiety, and psychological distress among non-evacuee community residents in Fukushima five years after the Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred in March 2011. A questionnaire survey was administered to a random sample of non-evacuee community residents from 49 municipalities of Fukushima prefecture from February to April 2016, and data from 1684 respondents (34...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345801/individual-psychological-therapy-in-an-acute-inpatient-setting-service-user-and-psychologist-perspectives
#3
Catherine Small, Nancy Pistrang, Vyv Huddy, Claire Williams
OBJECTIVES: The acute inpatient setting poses potential challenges to delivering one-to-one psychological therapy; however, there is little research on the experiences of both receiving and delivering therapies in this environment. This qualitative study aimed to explore service users' and psychologists' experiences of undertaking individual therapy in acute inpatient units. It focused on the relationship between service users and psychologists, what service users found helpful or unhelpful, and how psychologists attempted to overcome any challenges in delivering therapy...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345549/veterinary-medical-students-motivations-for-exercise
#4
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Liara M Gonzalez, Gregory A Lewbart, Kate M Bailey
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) declares exercise to be one of the most important activities one can do to improve health. The benefits of exercise are well documented and include both physiologic and psychological health. Given the current landscape of wellness issues in veterinary medical education, it is necessary that students engage in exercise activities to manage stress and increase overall health. Therefore, to develop targeted interventions with the greatest likelihood for success, it is first necessary to understand what motivates veterinary medical students to exercise given their unique situational and environmental factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338915/the-significance-of-avoiding-household-food-waste-a-means-end-chain-approach
#5
Beate Richter, Wolfgang Bokelmann
Many humans suffer from hunger, while edible food is discarded. This study aims at showing the importance of avoiding food waste in households and its causes by applying the means-end-chain analysis. Additional the means-end-chain approach should be examined in how far the method is suitable to get insights towards this topic. Consumer backgrounds in terms of feelings and attitudes regarding food waste should be shown, with the particular question why food waste personally is important. The data collection occurred utilizing the hard laddering method within a quantitative online survey...
January 12, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338780/coping-with-dry-eyes-a-qualitative-approach
#6
Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common problem that affects many people worldwide, reducing quality of life and impacting daily activities. A qualitative approach often used in medicine and other disciplines is used to evaluate how people with dry eye cope with this impact. METHODS: Six focus group sessions were conducted at the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), premises of an eye research institute. These focus groups consist of a spectrum of dry eye sufferers (30 women, 8 men, aged 61 ± 11...
January 16, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337928/protective-factors-in-the-inuit-population-of-nunavut-a-comparative-study-of-people-who-died-by-suicide-people-who-attempted-suicide-and-people-who-never-attempted-suicide
#7
Véronique Beaudoin, Monique Séguin, Nadia Chawky, William Affleck, Eduardo Chachamovich, Gustavo Turecki
Epidemiological data shows an alarming prevalence of suicide in Aboriginal populations around the world. In Canada, the highest rates are found in Inuit communities. In this article, we present the findings of a secondary analysis conducted with data previously collected as part of a larger study of psychological autopsies conducted in Nunavut, Canada. The objective of this secondary analysis was to identify protective factors in the Inuit population of Nunavut by comparing people who died by suicide, people from the general population who attempted suicide, and people from the general population who never attempted suicide...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334694/home-alone-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-effects-of-individual-housing-on-body-weight-food-intake-and-visceral-fat-mass-in-rodents
#8
REVIEW
L Schipper, L Harvey, E M van der Beek, G van Dijk
Rats and mice are widely used to study environmental effects on psychological and metabolic health. Study designs differ widely and are often characterized by varying (social) housing conditions. In itself, housing has a profound influence on physiology and behaviour of rodents, affecting energy balance and sustainable metabolic health. However, evidence for potential long-term consequences of individual versus social housing on body weight and metabolic phenotype is inconsistent. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analyses assessing effects of individual versus social housing of rats and mice, living under well-accepted laboratory conditions, on measures of metabolic health, including body weight, food intake and visceral adipose tissue mass...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323416/citizenship-and-community-mental-health-care
#9
Allison N Ponce, Michael Rowe
Citizenship is an approach to supporting the social inclusion and participation in society of people with mental illnesses. It is receiving greater attention in community mental health discourse and literature in parallel with increased awareness of social determinants of health and concern over the continued marginalization of persons with mental illness in the United States. In this article, we review the definition and principles of our citizenship framework with attention to social participation and access to resources as well as rights and responsibilities that society confers on its members...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#10
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314508/how-the-dual-process-model-of-human-cognition-can-inform-efforts-to-de-implement-ineffective-and-harmful-clinical-practices-a-preliminary-model-of-unlearning-and-substitution
#11
Christian D Helfrich, Adam J Rose, Christine W Hartmann, Leti van Bodegom-Vos, Ian D Graham, Suzanne J Wood, Barbara R Majerczyk, Chester B Good, Leonard M Pogach, Sherry L Ball, David H Au, David C Aron
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: One way to understand medical overuse at the clinician level is in terms of clinical decision-making processes that are normally adaptive but become maladaptive. In psychology, dual process models of cognition propose 2 decision-making processes. Reflective cognition is a conscious process of evaluating options based on some combination of utility, risk, capabilities, and/or social influences. Automatic cognition is a largely unconscious process occurring in response to environmental or emotive cues based on previously learned, ingrained heuristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310735/what-do-clinical-supervisors-require-to-teach-residents-in-family-medicine-how-to-care-for-seniors
#12
Anik M C Giguere, Paule Lebel, Michèle Morin, Françoise Proust, Charo Rodríguez, Valerie Carnovale, Louise Champagne, France Légaré, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Bernard Martineau, Philippe Karazivan, Pierre J Durand
We assessed clinicians' continuing professional development (CPD) needs at family practice teaching clinics in the province of Quebec. Our mixed methodology design comprised an environmental scan of training programs at four family medicine departments, an expert panel to determine priority clinical situations for senior care, a supervisors survey to assess their perceived CPD needs, and interviews to help understand the rationale behind their needs. From the environmental scan, the expert panel selected 13 priority situations...
January 9, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308828/propofol-for-the-promotion-of-sleep-in-adults-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Phil Alderson, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: People in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience sleep deprivation caused by environmental disruption, such as high noise levels and 24-hour lighting, as well as increased patient care activities and invasive monitoring as part of their care. Sleep deprivation affects physical and psychological health, and people perceive the quality of their sleep to be poor whilst in the ICU. Propofol is an anaesthetic agent which can be used in the ICU to maintain patient sedation and some studies suggest it may be a suitable agent to replicate normal sleep...
January 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308412/the-identification-of-risk-factors-for-chronic-chikungunya-arthralgia-in-grenada-west-indies-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#14
Claire J Heath, Jason Lowther, Trevor P Noël, Idis Mark-George, Derek B Boothroyd, George Mitchell, Calum MacPherson, A Desiree LaBeaud
Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a re-emerging arboviral pathogen. In 2014, an explosive CHIKV outbreak occurred in Grenada, West Indies, infecting approximately 60% of the population. In approximately 50% of cases, CHIKV infection transitions to painful arthralgia that can persist for years. Elucidation of the risk factors for chronic disease is imperative to the development of effective risk management strategies and specific therapeutics. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 240 people who were tested for CHIKV during the outbreak...
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302707/vantage-sensitivity-a-framework-for-individual-differences-in-response-to-psychological-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Bernadette de Villiers, Francesca Lionetti, Michael Pluess
PURPOSE: People differ significantly in their response to psychological intervention, with some benefitting more from treatment than others. According to the recently proposed theoretical framework of vantage sensitivity, some of this variability may be due to individual differences in environmental sensitivity, the inherent ability to register, and process external stimuli. In this paper, we apply the vantage sensitivity framework to the field of psychiatry and clinical psychology, proposing that some people are more responsive to the positive effects of psychological intervention due to heightened sensitivity...
January 4, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298716/persistently-high-psychological-well-being-predicts-better-hdl-cholesterol-and-triglyceride-levels-findings-from-the-midlife-in-the-u-s-midus-longitudinal-study
#17
Barry T Radler, Attilio Rigotti, Carol D Ryff
BACKGROUND: Psychological correlates of blood lipid levels have been previously evaluated mostly in cross sectional studies. However, prospectively measured psychological factors might also predict favorable blood lipid profiles, thereby indicating a healthy mind/body interplay that is associated with less disease, better health and longer lives. METHODS: This paper examined whether longitudinal profiles of psychological well-being over 9-10 years are predictors of blood lipid profiles...
January 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295024/moderating-effects-of-resilience-on-depression-psychological-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-associated-with-interpersonal-violence
#18
Lisa Fedina, Boyoung Nam, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Tara Von Mach, Charlotte L Bright, Jordan DeVylder
Resilience has been found to attenuate the effects of negative mental health symptomology associated with interpersonal victimization; however, existing research has largely focused on resilience traits, such as individual cognitive and environmental factors that promote resilience. In addition, empirical knowledge on the extent to which resilience mitigates suicidal symptomology associated with interpersonal violence victimization is particularly limited. This study assesses whether the relationship between interpersonal violence (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294795/environmental-dysfunctions-childhood-maltreatment-and-women-s-intimate-partner-violence-victimization
#19
Maria Lo Cascio, Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Laura Mancuso, Anna Maria Parroco, Francesca Giannone
Childhood maltreatment is considered a crucial explanatory variable for intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. However, a developmental multifactorial model for the etiology of IPV is not shared by researchers yet. This study has investigated the role of a wide range of childhood maltreatments and family and social dysfunctions in predicting IPV; furthermore, it tests a model where childhood maltreatment mediates the relationship between environmental dysfunctions and IPV. The sample included 78 women: IPV (38) and non-IPV (40)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290505/hand-therapists-attitudes-environmental-supports-and-self-efficacy-regarding-intimate-partner-violence-in-their-practice
#20
Marudan Sivagurunathan, Tara Packham, Lindsay Dimopoulos, Robyn Murray, Kim Madden, Joy C MacDermid
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional. INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) may involve physical, psychological, or sexual abuse. Although hand injuries are reported as common sequelae of IPV, there is limited attention to this issue in hand therapy research reports or practice recommendations. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The primary aim is to describe the attitudes and beliefs of hand therapists (HTs) about IPV issues. METHODS: A sample of 189 HT completed a standardized survey investigating perceptions regarding issues pertaining to IPV...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
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