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Environmental psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521552/unmet-needs-in-the-depressed-primary-care-elderly-and-their-relation-to-severity-of-depression-results-from-the-agemoode-study
#1
Sophie Alltag, Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Wolfgang Maier, Lisa Miebach, Martin Scherer, Anne Stark, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining the distribution of unmet environmental, physical, social and psychological care needs in a sample of the oldest old primary care patients with different levels of depression severity. Furthermore, the objective of this study was to analyze the association between specific unmet care needs and severity of depression. METHOD: The sample of patients aged 75 years (n = 202) and more was derived from the multicenter prospective cohort study AgeMooDe ('Late-life depression in primary care: Needs, health care utilization and costs')...
May 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515800/dimensions-of-mindfulness-and-their-relations-with-psychological-well-being-and-neuroticism
#2
Luca Iani, Marco Lauriola, Valentina Cafaro, Fabrizio Didonna
In this study we examined whether differences in the habitual use of mindfulness skills were associated with specific well-being and neuroticism aspects. Two hundred eleven volunteers aged 21-84 years completed measures of mindfulness, neuroticism, psychological well-being (PWB), and subjective well-being (SWB). Describing, observing, and acting with awareness (i.e., the mindfulness "what" skills) were positively correlated with personal growth, purpose in life, and autonomy (i.e., the "core" eudaimonic components of PWB)...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515182/health-assets-in-older-age-a-systematic-review
#3
Yvonne Claire Hornby-Turner, Nancye May Peel, Ruth Eleanor Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Finding ways to optimise health in older age is key to reducing the impact of population ageing on health and social care systems. A salutogenic approach takes into account an individual's health assets-internal or external strengths or accessible resources which improve and preserve physical, social and mental wellness, independence and quality of life. The aim of this narrative systematic review was to provide a summary and appraisal of the evidence for factors that act as health assets within personal, social, economic and environmental domains...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510656/associations-of-environmental-factors-with-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#4
Robbert J J Gobbens, Marcel A L M van Assen
Purpose of the Study: Environmental factors play an important role in the quality of life of older people who often have difficulty maintaining physical, psychological, and social functioning. In this study, we aimed at (a) developing a measurement instrument assessing the factors of older adults' perceptions of their environment, (b) examining the associations of these environmental factors with quality of life domains physical health, psychological, social relations, and environmental, controlling for background characteristics...
May 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508957/genetic-and-environmental-correlations-between-subjective-wellbeing-and-experience-of-life-events-in-adolescence
#5
Robyn E Wootton, Oliver S P Davis, Abigail L Mottershaw, R Adele H Wang, Claire M A Haworth
Some life events appear heritable due to the genetic influence on related behaviours. Shared genetic influence between negative behaviours and negative life events has previously been established. This study investigated whether subjective wellbeing and positive life events were genetically associated. Participants in the Twins Early Development Study (aged 16.32 ± .68 years) completed subjective wellbeing and life events assessments via two separate studies (overlapping N for wellbeing and life events measures ranged from 3527 to 9350)...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508690/gene-polymorphisms-associated-with-temperament
#6
Xiaoyan Qiu, Graeme B Martin, Dominique Blache
When individuals are exposed to stressful environmental challenges, the response varies widely in one or more of three components: psychology, behavior and physiology. This variability among individuals can be defined as temperament. In recent years, an increasing large body of evidence suggests that the dimensions of temperament, as well as personality, psychological disorders and behavioral traits, are influenced by genetic factors, and much of the variation appears to involve variation in genes or gene polymorphisms in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and the behavior-controlling neurotransmitter networks...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#7
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507817/which-psychological-social-and-physical-environmental-characteristics-predict-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-during-early-retirement-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: In the context of healthy ageing, it is necessary to identify opportunities to implement health interventions in order to develop an active lifestyle with sufficient physical activity and limited sedentary time in middle-aged and older adults. The transition to retirement is such an opportunity, as individuals tend to establish new routines at the start of retirement. Before health interventions can be developed, the psychological, social and physical environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviors during early retirement should be identified, ideally with longitudinal studies...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507771/association-between-suicidal-symptoms-and-repeat-suicidal-behaviour-within-a-sample-of-hospital-treated-suicide-attempters
#9
Derek P de Beurs, Claudia D van Borkulo, Rory C O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour is the end result of the complex relation between many factors which are biological, psychological and environmental in nature. Network analysis is a novel method that may help us better understand the complex association between different factors. AIMS: To examine the relationship between suicidal symptoms as assessed by the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation and future suicidal behaviour in patients admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt, using network analysis...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506202/subtle-and-severe-microaggressions-among-racially-diverse-sexual-minorities
#10
Amanda Weber, Shelly-Ann Collins, Tracy Robinson-Wood, Elda Zeko-Underwood, Bianca Poindexter
In recent years, understanding prejudice and discrimination towards minorities has developed to include the investigation of microaggressions. Microaggressions are brief and commonplace verbal, behavioral or environmental indignities. They are intentional or unintentional and communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative slights towards racial and sexual minorities. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to chronicle the prevalence and type of microaggressions experienced among a sample of 18 highly educated and racially diverse sexual minorities, 24-65 years of age...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499209/precursors-in-adolescence-of-adult-onset-bipolar-disorder
#11
Ayako Hiyoshi, Julia A Sabet, Hugo Sjöqvist, Carren Melinder, Robert J Brummer, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Although the estimated contribution of genetic factors is high in bipolar disorder, environmental factors may also play a role. This Swedish register-based cohort study of men examined if physical and psychological characteristics in late adolescence, including factors previously linked with bipolar disorder (body mass index, asthma and allergy), are associated with subsequent bipolar disorder in adulthood. Unipolar depression and anxiety are analysed as additional outcomes to identify bipolar disorder-specific associations...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494612/oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-induced-by-environmental-and-psychological-stressors-a-biomarker-perspective
#13
Pietro Ghezzi, Luciano Floridi, Diana Boraschi, Antonio Cuadrado, Gina Manda, Snezana Levic, Fulvio D'Acquisto, Alice Laura Hamilton, Toby Athersuch, Liza Selley
SIGNIFICANCE: The environment can elicit biological responses such as oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation as consequence of chemical, physical or psychological changes. As population studies are essential for establishing these environment-organism interactions, biomarkers of oxidative stress or inflammation are critical in formulating mechanistic hypotheses. Recent advances. By using examples of stress induced by various mechanisms, we focus on the biomarkers that have been used to assess oxidative stress and inflammation in these conditions...
May 11, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#14
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489808/mental-health-status-after-living-donor-hepatectomy
#15
Szu-Han Wang, Ping-Yi Lin, Jiun-Yi Wang, Mei-Feng Huang, Hui-Chuan Lin, Chia-En Hsieh, Ya-Lan Hsu, Yao-Li Chen
Donor safety and preservation of donor health after living liver donation are of paramount importance. In addition, the preoperative mental state of a donor is an important factor in determining the psychological impact of donor hepatectomy. Thus, we aimed to explore the mental health status of living liver donors after hepatectomy. We enrolled 60 donors who were scheduled to undergo living donor hepatectomy during the period January 2014 to March 2015 at a single medical center. Mental health status was measured before and 3 months after surgery using 3 self-report questionnaires, namely the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) to assess depressive symptoms, the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire to measure quality of life, and the Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ) to screen for minor psychiatric disorders...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482994/assessing-the-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-health-literacy-frameworks-to-guide-research-and-practice
#16
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress negatively impacts fetal development and may result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment during the postpartum period. Female adolescents may be experiencing environmental and psychosocial stressors during the pre- and postnatal periods that may predispose them to psychological distress. Health literacy has been used to assess the needs of individuals who have chronic illnesses. Mental health literacy however has not been assessed as extensively, particularly among pregnant adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482854/medical-decision-making-in-children-and-adolescents-developmental-and-neuroscientific-aspects
#17
REVIEW
Petronella Grootens-Wiegers, Irma M Hein, Jos M van den Broek, Martine C de Vries
BACKGROUND: Various international laws and guidelines stress the importance of respecting the developing autonomy of children and involving minors in decision-making regarding treatment and research participation. However, no universal agreement exists as to at what age minors should be deemed decision-making competent. Minors of the same age may show different levels of maturity. In addition, patients deemed rational conversation-partners as a child can suddenly become noncompliant as an adolescent...
May 8, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482849/quality-of-life-of-depressed-and-suicidal-patients-seeking-services-from-traditional-and-faith-healers-in-rural-kenya
#18
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Sameera S Nayak, David M Ndetei, David C Henderson, Joske Bunders
BACKGROUND: In rural Kenya, traditional and faith healers provide an alternative pathway to health care, including mental health care. However, not much is known about the characteristics of the populations they serve. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between depression, suicidal ideation, and socio-demographic variables with Quality of Life (QoL) indicators in a sample seeking mental health services from traditional and faith healers in rural Kenya. Understanding QoL in this sample can help develop mental health policy and training to improve the well-being of this population...
May 8, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481584/population-growth-underlies-most-other-environmental-problems-comment-on-clayton-et-al-2016
#19
Bruce Bridgeman
The need to protect our environment is urgent, and psychology can contribute to accomplishing this goal. Combating climate change, resource exhaustion, species extinction, and other problems is an admirable goal, but such efforts will fail in the long run if the population growth that creates or exacerbates the other problems is not addressed. The large and growing human population inevitably demands more and more resources. In this comment on Clayton et al. (2016), the author proposes that psychology can identify reasons why the underlying population issue is not adequately addressed and can suggest ways to improve the situation...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473252/alcohol-seeking-and-relapse-a-focus-on-incentive-salience-and-contextual-conditioning
#20
REVIEW
Milan D Valyear, Franz R Villaruel, Nadia Chaudhri
Environmental stimuli that reliably accompany alcohol intake can become associated with the pharmacological effects of alcohol through classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. Of growing interest to addiction researchers is whether or not this process results in the attribution of incentive salience to alcohol-predictive cues, which could motivate alcohol-seeking behavior and relapse. To evaluate this question, we present a review of rodent behavioral studies that examined the capacity of alcohol-predictive cues to (i) support sign-tracking behavior, (ii) serve as conditioned reinforcers, and (iii) produce Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer...
May 1, 2017: Behavioural Processes
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