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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146458/tap-versus-bottled-water-consumption-the-influence-of-social-norms-affect-and-image-on-consumer-choice
#1
Anita Etale, Marilou Jobin, Michael Siegrist
What drives consumers to choose bottled water instead of tap water where the latter is safe, accessible, costs far less, and in spite of its environmental impacts? This research investigates the influence of hitherto unexplored psychological drivers in an attempt to generate a more holistic understanding of the phenomenon, and strategies for designing more effective consumption reduction campaigns. Using data from an internet survey of Swiss and German respondents (N = 849) we investigated the role of, social norms, affect and image on water consumption...
November 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124904/mind-the-gaps-in-research-on-the-control-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-of-farmed-ruminants-and-pigs
#2
J Charlier, S M Thamsborg, D J Bartley, P J Skuce, F Kenyon, T Geurden, H Hoste, A R Williams, S Sotiraki, J Höglund, C Chartier, P Geldhof, J van Dijk, L Rinaldi, E R Morgan, G von Samson-Himmelstjerna, J Vercruysse, E Claerebout
Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode control has an important role to play in increasing livestock production from a limited natural resource base and to improve animal health and welfare. In this synthetic review, we identify key research priorities for GI nematode control in farmed ruminants and pigs, to support the development of roadmaps and strategic research agendas by governments, industry and policymakers. These priorities were derived from the DISCONTOOLS gap analysis for nematodes and follow-up discussions within the recently formed Livestock Helminth Research Alliance (LiHRA)...
November 10, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124498/effects-of-a-9-month-resistance-training-intervention-on-quality-of-life-sense-of-coherence-and-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Tiia Kekäläinen, Katja Kokko, Sarianna Sipilä, Simon Walker
PURPOSE: (1) To determine the effects of a 9-month resistance training intervention on quality of life, sense of coherence, and depressive symptoms in older adults, and (2) to compare effects between different training frequencies. METHODS: Men and women aged 65-75 (N = 106) were randomized to four groups according to training frequency: training groups RT1 (n = 26), RT2 (n = 27), and RT3 (n = 28) and non-training control group (n = 25). All training groups attended supervised resistance training twice a week for 3 months...
November 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124447/psychiatric-screening-and-interventions-for-minor-refugees-in-europe-an-overview-of-approaches-and-tools
#4
Annerieke Horlings, Irma Hein
Currently hundreds of thousands of minor refugees entered Europe. This group has been exposed to traumatic events pre-, during, and post-migration and is at increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders. In this article, we describe the results of our literature search on screening and interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in minor refugees, in order to make recommendations for clinical practice. Results show that studies on diagnostic accuracy of assessment instruments and efficacy of mental healthcare interventions in this population are lacking...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123345/effect-of-supportive-psychotherapy-on-mental-health-status-and-quality-of-life-of-female-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-disease
#5
Anindita Mukherjee, Koustav Mazumder, Vikrant Kaushal, Sushmita Ghoshal
Context: Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy for their recurrent disease often report the presence of anxiety and depression. Aims: In the study, we intended to find out the mental health status and overall quality of life (QOL) of such patients and to identify the effect of supportive psychotherapy. Subjects and Methods: Forty cancer patients undergoing second or subsequent line chemotherapy(CCT) were selected for psychotherapy session...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122253/the-effect-of-nature-sounds-on-physiological-indicators-among-patients-in-the-cardiac-care-unit
#6
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Maryam Nasari, Hamid Haghani, Habiballah Rezaei Loieh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Environmental noises may create physiological and psychological disorders in patients hospitalized in the CCU. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of nature sounds on physiological indicators among patients in the CCU. MATERIALS & METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 93 patients hospitalized in the cardiac care units of three teaching hospitals in 2016. The patients were selected using the convenient method with three randomized blocks...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116878/evaluation-of-methadone-treatment-in-malaysia-findings-from-the-malaysian-methadone-treatment-outcome-study-mytos
#7
Norsiah Ali, Salina Abd Aziz, Salmah Nordin, Norliza Che Mi, Norni Abdullah, V Paranthaman, Maimunah Mahmud, Anne Yee, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Opioid misuse and dependence is a global issue with a huge negative impact. In Malaysia, heroin is still the main illicit drug used, and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been used since 2005. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of MMT. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 103 treatment centers between October and December 2014 using a set of standard questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 20...
November 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115159/independent-and-synergistic-effects-of-self-and-public-stigmas-on-quality-of-life-of-hiv-infected-persons
#8
Linlin Lindayani, Kusman Ibrahim, Jung-Der Wang, Nai-Ying Ko
Stigma has a potential impact on the quality of life of HIV-infected individuals over time. There is little empirical evidence regarding the first appearance and dynamic changes among different types of stigma, self-stigma and public-stigma, and their impacts on quality of life over time in HIV-infected persons. The purpose of this study was to assess the dynamic changes in self-stigma and public-stigma along the time course and determined their independent and synergistic impacts on quality of life. A Cross-sectional study was conducted at Two HIV-designed hospitals and two branches of non-government an-AIDS organizations in Wes Java, Indonesia...
November 8, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111610/the-function-and-mechanism-of-vocal-accommodation-in-humans-and-other-primates
#9
Hanna Ruch, Yvonne Zürcher, Judith M Burkart
The study of non-human animals, in particular primates, can provide essential insights into language evolution. A critical element of language is vocal production learning, i.e. learning how to produce calls. In contrast to other lineages such as songbirds, vocal production learning of completely new signals is strikingly rare in non-human primates. An increasing body of research, however, suggests that various species of non-human primates engage in vocal accommodation and adjust the structure of their calls in response to environmental noise or conspecific vocalizations...
November 7, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108521/minority-stressors-rumination-and-psychological-distress-in-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-sexual-minority-status
#10
Liam Timmins, Katharine A Rimes, Qazi Rahman
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals report higher levels of depression and anxiety than heterosexual people. Genetic factors may be a 'common cause' of sexual minority status and psychological distress. Alternatively, these may be correlated because of non-genetic environmental factors (e.g. minority stressors). This study investigated minority stressors and distress in monozygotic twins discordant for sexual minority status. This design provides a test of the role of non-shared environmental factors while minimizing differences due to genetics...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107828/perturbation-evoked-potentials-significance-and-application-in-balance-control-research
#11
REVIEW
Jessy Parokaran Varghese, Robert E McIlroy, Michael Barnett-Cowan
Historically, balance control was thought to be mediated solely by subcortical structures based on animal research. However, recent findings provide compelling evidence of cortical involvement during balance reactions evoked by whole-body postural perturbations. In humans, an external perturbation elicits an evoked potential, termed the perturbation-evoked potential (PEP). PEPs are widely distributed over fronto-centro-parietal areas with maximal amplitude at the FCz/Cz electrode. From our literature review it is evident that the PEPs are comprised of a small positive potential (P1) that peaks around 30-90ms after perturbation onset, a large negative potential (N1) that peaks around 90-160ms, followed by positive (P2) and negative (N2) potentials between 200 and 400ms...
October 28, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104876/psychopathological-symptoms-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-mexican-undergraduate-students
#12
Mariel Contreras, Ana Mariela de León, Estela Martínez, Elsa Melissa Peña, Luana Marques, Julia Gallegos
College life involves a process of adaptation to changes that have an impact on the psycho-emotional development of students. Successful adaptation to this stage involves the balance between managing personal resources and potential stressors that generate distress. This epidemiological descriptive and transversal study estimates the prevalence of psychopathological symptomatology and psychological well-being among 516 college students, 378 (73.26%) women and 138 (26.74%) men, ages between 17 and 24, from the city of Monterrey in Mexico...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Science Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102532/prospects-for-pro-environmental-protein-consumption-in-europe-cultural-culinary-economic-and-psychological-factors
#13
Joop de Boer, Harry Aiking
The current ratio between plant and animal protein in the Western diet is causing serious threats to both public health and the environment. Healthy, pro-environmental protein consumption requires a transition to a diet with more plant protein and considerably less animal protein. The present paper focuses on the prospects of this transition by analyzing consumer responses to some key options in the context of regional differences across Europe. The aim is to assess how responses to the options might be shaped by 1) cultural, culinary and economic spatial gradients (including GDP per capita) at regional level and 2) differences in environmental friendly behavior and gender at individual level...
November 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096238/correlates-of-tummy-time-in-infants-aged-0-12-months-old-a-systematic-review
#14
Lyndel Hewitt, Rebecca M Stanley, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Tummy time, defined as an infant being placed on their stomach whilst they are awake and supervised, has been shown to have a positive effect on infant development and head shape. Tummy time can be influenced by a number of factors. Using a social ecological model, categories of potential variables can be examined to determine their influence on behaviours such as tummy time. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine potential correlates of tummy time in infants from birth to 12 months old...
October 28, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090457/annual-research-review-suicide-among-youth-epidemiology-potential-etiology-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Christine B Cha, Peter J Franz, Eleonora M Guzmán, Catherine R Glenn, Evan M Kleiman, Matthew K Nock
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death and a complex clinical outcome. Here, we summarize the current state of research pertaining to suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth. We review their definitions/measurement and phenomenology, epidemiology, potential etiological mechanisms, and psychological treatment and prevention efforts. RESULTS: We identify key patterns and gaps in knowledge that should guide future work. Regarding epidemiology, the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youth varies across countries and sociodemographic populations...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089140/resilience-following-emotional-abuse-by-teachers-insights-from-a-cross-sectional-study-with-greek-students
#16
Finiki Nearchou
An integrative socio-ecological model was developed to investigate the impact of emotional abuse by teachers on children's psychological functioning and test the role of social support and self-confidence as protective factors associated with resilience. Emotional abuse by teachers, social support from family, peers, school and a significant adult from the community, self-confidence and psychological functioning were assessed in a sample of young Greek school students aged 9-12 years (n=223, mean age=10.8, SD=0...
October 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084107/postrehabilitation-mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#17
Jacob A Finn, Greg J Lamberty, Xinyu Tang, Marie E Saylors, Lillian Flores Stevens, Tracy Kretzmer
OBJECTIVE: To identify preinjury variables related to mental health treatment utilization at 2 years post-traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Veterans Affairs (VA) TBI Model Systems includes 5 VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans and service members enrolled in TBI Model Systems who completed the year 2 follow-up assessment and provided mental health information. Sample was largely male (97%) and White (72%), with median age of 30 years...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075362/psychological-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-asthma-exacerbations-and-morbidity-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Alyssa A Oland, Genery D Booster, Bruce G Bender
Asthma is the most common childhood illness and disproportionately affects low-income, minority children who live in urban areas. A range of risk factors are associated with asthma morbidity and mortality, such as treatment non-adherence, exposure to environmental triggers, low-income households, exposure to chronic stress, child psychological problems, parental stress, family functioning, obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diets. These risk factors often have complex interactions and inter-relationships...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073908/explaining-discrepancies-in-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-frail-older-people-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Anne van der Vorst, G A Rixt Zijlstra, Nico De Witte, Ruth G M Vogel, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
BACKGROUND: Most research on multidimensional frailty focuses on deficits and risks of adverse outcomes. However, although some frail older people report a low quality of life (QoL), others still report a relatively high QoL. More knowledge about these discrepancies might give new insight into developing frailty prevention strategies. Therefore, this mixed-method study aimed (a) to identify characteristics related to QoL among frail older people; and (b) to explain discrepancies between higher and lower levels of QoL, with a specific interest in identifying strengths frail older people with a higher QoL still have...
October 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071653/demographic-clinical-dispositional-and-social-environmental-characteristics-associated-with-psychological-response-to-a-false-positive-ovarian-cancer-screening-test-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Amanda T Wiggins, Edward J Pavlik, Michael A Andrykowski
Cancer screening can facilitate early detection that improves survival, but also can identify an abnormal finding that is not malignant and deemed benign. While such false positive (FP) results can impact a variety of psychological outcomes, little is known about demographic, clinical, dispositional, and social-environmental characteristics associated with psychological outcomes after a FP result. Women participating in an ovarian cancer (OC) screening program and experiencing a FP screening test result (n = 375) completed assessments at baseline and 4-months...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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