keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Environmental psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092708/-applying-ethics-placating-ethics-or-applying-ourselves-to-ethics-a-critical-view-of-environmental-ethics-as-applied-ethics
#1
Alejandro Serani Merlo
There is actually a pervasive tendency to consider environmental ethics and bioethics as specific cases pertaining to a supposed kind of ″applied ethics″. Application can be understood in two different meanings: a concrete sense, as in technical applications, and a psychological meaning, as when we mentally apply ourselves to a task. Ethics has been always thought as a practical knowledge, in a ″praxical″ sense and not in a ″poietic″ one. Ethics has to do with ″ends″ not with ″means″; in this sense ethics is ″useless″...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089638/the-effects-of-acute-psychological-stress-on-circulating-and-stimulated-inflammatory-markers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Anna L Marsland, Catherine Walsh, Kimberly Lockwood, Neha A John-Henderson
Inflammatory reactivity to acute laboratory stress is thought to reflect individual differences in responsivity to environmental stressors and may confer future health risk. To characterize this response, we conducted a meta-analysis of 34 studies that measured circulating inflammatory markers and 15 studies that measured stimulated production of inflammatory markers before and after exposure to laboratory challenge. Results showed significant stress-related increases in circulating interleukin (IL)-1β (d = 0...
January 12, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#3
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#4
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077722/higher-heart-rate-variability-is-associated-with-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-activity-and-increased-resistance-to-temptation-in-dietary-self-control-challenges
#5
Silvia U Maier, Todd A Hare
: Higher levels of self-control in decision making have been linked to better psychosocial and physical health. A similar link to health outcomes has been reported for heart-rate variability (HRV), a marker of physiological flexibility. Here, we sought to link these two, largely separate, research domains by testing the hypothesis that greater HRV would be associated with better dietary self-control in humans. Specifically, we examined whether total HRV at sedentary rest (measured as the SD of normal-to-normal intervals) can serve as a biomarker for the neurophysiological adaptability that putatively underlies self-controlled behavior...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064543/itolizumab-a-novel-anti-cd6-monoclonal-antibody-a-safe-and-efficacious-biologic-agent-for-management-of-psoriasis
#6
Sunil Dogra, Shraddha Uprety, Swaroop Hassan Suresh
Psoriasis, a chronic immune-mediated skin disorder is associated with significant physical, psychological, and quality of life impairments. Along with well-documented genetic and environmental factors, immunological factors also contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Among the immunological factors, CD6 - dependent T-cell proliferation to form Th1 and Th17 cells play a major role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Itolizumab is the first humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody, which selectively targets CD6...
January 9, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062899/bibi-ergo-sum-the-effects-of-a-placebo-and-contextual-alcohol-cues-on-motivation-to-drink-alcohol
#7
Paul Christiansen, Gareth Townsend, Graeme Knibb, Matt Field
RATIONALE: Acute 'priming' doses of alcohol reliably increase alcohol-seeking behaviour in social drinkers. However, the effects of the anticipated (rather than pharmacological) effects of alcohol, and their interaction with contextual alcohol cues, are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the extent to which an alcohol-placebo drink increases craving, subjective intoxication and beer consumption, while conjointly investigating the impact of contextual alcohol cues...
January 7, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062261/disability-multilevel-modelling-in-first-episodes-of-psychosis-at-3-year-follow-up
#8
Blanca Mellor-Marsá, Francisco Félix Caballero, María Cabello, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Esther Setién-Suero, Javier Vázquez-Bourgon, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola
The description of longitudinal bio-psycho-social profiles in FEP samples may be useful for the prediction of disability trajectories. This study aimed to describe the differences between disability status of FEP patients at baseline and their change over time, analysing how variables associated to the psychological status, and the environment of the patient can affect his or her disability trajectory, once the influence of health condition and socio-demographic variables has been controlled for. Using data from a 3-year follow-up study on early psychosis (PAFIP), a multilevel structure in which the longitudinal measurements (within level) were nested within the individuals (between level), was modeled...
January 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059971/geographical-information-system-evaluation-and-trends-of-nonaccidental-trauma-at-a-level-i-trauma-center-pilot-study
#9
Michael Robert Smith, Robert Lee Davis, Patricia Anne Phillips, Tatyana Shvilkina, Kamalijit Kaur, Heather Katrina Tabolt, Matthew Krause, Vincent Galdi
PREMISE: Although trauma may be considered a random act, geographical patterns of trauma potentially emerge. Our institution is unique in that it rests at an intersection of two of the highest areas of poverty and assault in New York City and has adequate data to analyze these patterns. METHODS: We review the incident reports logged by emergency medical services (EMS) technicians arriving with intentionally injured trauma patients from January 1 to December 31, 2013 at a single institution...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054711/nature-meets-nurture-in-religious-and-spiritual-development
#10
Pehr Granqvist, Frances Nkara
We consider nurture's (including culture's) sculpting influences on the evolved psychological predispositions that are expressed in religious and spiritual (R&S) development. An integrated understanding of R&S development requires a move away from the largely one-sided (nature-or-nurture) and additive (nature + nurture) accounts provided in the extant literature. R&S development has been understood as an expression of evolved cognitive modules (nature) on the one hand, and of socialization and social learning (nurture) on the other, or in similar albeit additive terms (e...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053279/prevalence-of-maternal-affective-disorders-in-chinese-mothers-of-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Y W Yu, K H Chung, Y K Lee, W C Lam, M Gc Yiu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of affective disorders and identify their associated factors among Chinese mothers of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Autism Spectrum Disorders Multidisciplinary Clinic of the United Christian Hospital from August 2012 to June 2013. All mothers of a consecutive series of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders at their first visit to the clinic were recruited...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#12
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049828/correction-for-iliev-et-al-linguistic-positivity-in-historical-texts-reflects-dynamic-environmental-and-psychological-factors
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049354/the-life-course-model-as-a-framework-for-post-conflict-health-analysis-reflections-on-the-gulf-war-critical-period
#14
Charles W Cange
In the Kuwait context, from January 1991 to December 1991, there were a series of chemical and psychological Gulf War-era exposures that left persistent, long-term damage. Extreme stress from a critical event speeds up the usual disease latency period, and may be part of a synergistic effect that leads to higher disease rates over a shorter period of time. I am interested in the impact of armed conflict on health outcomes over the life course in Kuwait, and particularly the pathways through which armed conflict causes changes in health on a population level...
January 3, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040518/smoking-and-sedentary-behavior-changes-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-a-multilevel-modeling-perspective
#15
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
The present research investigated a) the effects of psychological (e.g., depressive symptoms, delinquency) and neighborhood socioeconomic environmental factors (e.g., education, poverty, proportion of racial/ethnic minorities) on changes in smoking and sedentary behaviors from adolescence to emerging adulthood and b) whether there were any cross-level interactions based on socio-ecological models. A series of multilevel analyses (level-1: individual-level; level-2: neighborhood-level) were conducted with the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) wave I (1995) and wave III (2001) data among about 10,000 US adolescents...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035522/analysis-of-gene-candidate-snp-and-ancestral-origin-associated-to-obesity-and-postoperative-weight-loss-in-a-cohort-of-obese-patients-undergoing-rygb
#16
David Velázquez-Fernández, Gabriela Mercado-Celis, Jeny Flores-Morales, Diana Clavellina-Gaytán, Ramón Vidrio, Eduardo Vidrio, Maureen Mosti, Hugo Sánchez-Aguilar, Donaji Rodriguez, Pablo León, Miguel F Herrera
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is the result of a complex interaction between multiple genetic traits and psychological, behavioral, nutritional and environmental factors. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were (a) to comparatively evaluate the presence of 20 candidate gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in morbidly obese patients, (2) their association to comorbid conditions and (3) their impact on weight loss after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred forty-nine patients were eligible for this study...
December 29, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029441/is-history-of-suicidal-behavior-related-to-social-support-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-bipolar-i-disorder
#17
Paula Studart, Amanda Galvão-de Almeida, Severino Bezerra-Filho, André Caribé, Nayanne Reis Afonso, Carla Daltro, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
Bipolar disorder (BD) affects the social functioning and quality of life (QoL) of its patients. This study aimed to investigate whether there is an association between social support (SS), and suicidal behavior in BD I patients compared to healthy controls; secondarily, we evaluated the influence of QoL on those variables. A total of 119 euthymic outpatients with BD I, 46 of whom had attempted suicide (SAs) and 73 who had not (non-SAs), were compared to 63 healthy controls, through the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale and World Health Organization's Quality of Life Instrument...
October 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018631/life-history-theory-and-climate-change-resolving-population-and-parental-investment-paradoxes
#18
Mark Caudell, Robert Quinlan
Population growth in the next half-century is on pace to raise global carbon emissions by half. Carbon emissions are associated with fertility as a by-product of somatic and parental investment, which is predicted to involve time orientation/preference as a mediating psychological mechanism. Here, we draw upon life-history theory (LHT) to investigate associations between future orientation and fertility, and their impacts on carbon emissions. We argue 'K-strategy' life history (LH) in high-income countries has resulted in parental investment behaviours involving future orientation that, paradoxically, promote unsustainable carbon emissions, thereby lowering the Earth's K or carrying capacity...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012292/behavioral-and-physiological-consequences-of-enrichment-loss-in-rats
#19
Brittany L Smith, Carey E Lyons, Fernanda Guilhaume Correa, Stephen C Benoit, Brent Myers, Matia B Solomon, James P Herman
Significant loss produces the highest degree of stress and compromised well-being in humans. Current rodent models of stress involve the application of physically or psychologically aversive stimuli, but do not address the concept of loss. We developed a rodent model for significant loss, involving removal of long-term access to a rewarding enriched environment. Our results indicate that removal from environmental enrichment produces a profound behavioral and physiological phenotype with depression-like qualities, including helplessness behavior, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis dysregulation and overeating...
December 2, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004961/rethinking-the-transmission-gap-what-behavioral-genetics-and-evolutionary-psychology-mean-for-attachment-theory-a-comment-on-verhage-et-al-2016
#20
Nicole Barbaro, Brian B Boutwell, J C Barnes, Todd K Shackelford
Traditional attachment theory posits that attachment in infancy and early childhood is the result of intergenerational transmission of attachment from parents to offspring. Verhage et al. (2016) present meta-analytic evidence addressing the intergenerational transmission of attachment between caregivers and young children. In this commentary, we argue that their appraisal of the behavioral genetics literature is incomplete. The suggested research focus on shared environmental effects may dissuade the pursuit of profitable avenues of research and may hinder progress in attachment theory...
January 2017: Psychological Bulletin
keyword
keyword
13417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"