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Environmental psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733341/activity-limitations-and-subjective-well-being-after-stroke
#1
Darin B Zahuranec, Lesli E Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, Vicki A Freedman, James F Burke
OBJECTIVE: As limitations in activities of daily living are major components of many stroke outcome scales, we examined how well activity limitations predicted subjective well-being among stroke survivors in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Individuals with a self-reported history of stroke were identified from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Subjective well-being (primary outcome) was assessed with a validated 7-item measure (higher = greater well-being) assessing emotions (cheerful, bored, full of life, and upset) and self-realization (purpose in life, self-acceptance, and environmental mastery)...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730402/theoretical-perspectives-of-adherence-to-web-based-interventions-a-scoping-review
#2
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, John Sg Wells
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature as this relates to theoretical perspectives of adherence to web-based interventions, drawing upon empirical evidence from the fields of psychology, business, information technology and health care. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature utilising principles outlined by Arksey and O'Malley was undertaken. RESULTS: Several relevant theoretical perspectives have emerged, eight of which are charted and discussed in this review...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730302/internal-resources-among-informal-caregivers-trajectories-and-associations-with-well-being
#3
Kristin Litzelman, Gina Tesauro, Rebecca Ferrer
PURPOSE: The experiences, skills, and internal resources that informal caregivers bring into their role may play a critical part in their mental health and well-being. This study examined how caregiver internal resources changed over a 10 year period, and how this was related to caregivers' well-being. METHODS: Data are from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study, a national sample of adults, at two time points: 1995-1996 (T1) and 2004-2006 (T2). We identified subjects who reported being a caregiver at T2 and starting care after T1 (mean age = 56; 65% female)...
July 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729843/is-a-transdisciplinary-theory-of-engagement-in-organized-settings-possible-a-concept-analysis-of-the-literature-on-employee-engagement-consumer-engagement-and-patient-engagement
#4
REVIEW
Guendalina Graffigna
Organizations are experiencing increased competition, disruptive innovation, and continuous changes in their social and economic context. Furthermore, the decrease of resources (economic and human) in such a demanding context make it imperative for organizations to find new models and strategies to make their service delivery more sustainable at the economic, environmental and psychological levels. In such a complex scenario the concept of engagement of the individuals involved in organized settings (either as service providers or as final receivers) is a promising lever for innovation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729075/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-during-abstinence-in-morphine-dependent-parents-on-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-rat-offspring
#5
Alireza Pooriamehr, Parviz Sabahi, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
Chronic morphine exposure during puberty increased morphine-induced rewarding effects and sensitization in the next generation. Given the well-known beneficial effects of environmental enrichment on the severity of physical and psychological dependence on morphine, we examined effects of enriched environment during morphine abstinence in morphine dependent parental rats before mating on the anxiety and depressive-like behaviors, and voluntary morphine consumption in their offspring. Paternal and/or maternal rats were injected with bi-daily doses (10mg/kg, 12h intervals) of morphine for 14days followed by rearing in a standard environment (SE) or enriched environment (EE) during 30days of morphine abstinence before mating...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724471/what-influences-diet-quality-in-older-people-a-qualitative-study-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study-uk
#6
Ilse Bloom, Wendy Lawrence, Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Elaine Dennison, Avan Aihie Sayer, Cyrus Cooper, Sian Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences on diet in a group of community-dwelling older adults in the UK. DESIGN: Data were collected through focus group discussions with older people; discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and transcripts analysed thematically. SETTING: Hertfordshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Participants were sampled purposively from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, focusing on those whose diets had been assessed at two time points: 1998-2001 and 2011...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#7
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721501/examining-transgender-health-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-s-icf-contextual-factors
#8
REVIEW
Melissa Jacob, Steven R Cox
PURPOSE: For many transgender individuals, medical intervention is necessary to live as their desired gender. However, little is known about Contextual Factors (i.e., Environmental and Personal) that may act as facilitators and barriers in the health of transgender individuals. Therefore, this paper sought to examine Contextual Factors of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health that may facilitate or negatively impact the physical, psychological, and social functioning of transgender individuals...
July 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720377/sucrose-and-fat-content-significantly-affects-palatable-food-consumption-in-adolescent-male-and-female-rats
#9
Christine M Tenk, Tina Felfeli
Hyperpalatable foods are highly pleasurable and possess a heightened capacity to stimulate eating. Adolescents appear especially vulnerable to hyperpalatable foods. These foods are typically high in sugar, fat, or both, but the specific elements that underlie their increased consumption are still not clearly understood. Combinations of high fat and high sugar may particularly intensify overeating. Animal models allow investigation of the consumption of these foods separately from many of the environmental and psychological influences that impact eating in humans...
July 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719406/toward-a-biopsychosocial-ecology-of-the-human-microbiome-brain-gut-axis-and-health
#10
Karl J Maier, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVE: Rapidly expanding insights to the human microbiome and health suggest that Western medicine is poised for significant evolution, or perhaps revolution - this while the field continues on a trajectory from reductionism to a biopsychosocial (BPS) paradigm recognizing biological, psychological, and social influences on health. The apparent sensitivity of the microbiota to perturbations across BPS domains suggests that a broad and inclusive framework is needed to develop applicable knowledge in this area...
July 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718352/narratives-for-obesity-effects-of-weight-loss-and-attribution-on-empathy-and-policy-support
#11
Paul H Thibodeau, Rachel Uri, Briana Thompson, Stephen J Flusberg
Despite an urgent need to address the issue of obesity, little research has examined the psychological factors that influence support for obesity-related policy initiatives, which represent an important tool for addressing this complex health issue. In the present study, we measured the degree to which people supported obesity-related policy interventions and empathized with a person struggling with obesity after reading a personal account of his or her situation. The narrative described an obese individual who was portrayed as either successfully losing weight or not, and as attributing his or her weight-loss outcome to personal or environmental factors...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718221/multidimensional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-children-and-problems-of-parents-in-indian-society-after-pediatric-renal-transplant-beyond-the-conventional-thoughts
#12
Priyank Yadav, Sandeep Nunia, Ankur Bansal, Sanjoy K Sureka, Rahul Jena, Mohd Sualeh Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
This study evaluated multidimensional QoL after renal transplant to find the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues after pediatric transplant. Sixty-two patients under the age of 18 at the time of assessment were asked to complete WHOQOL questionnaires. Assessment of behavioral, emotional status of child, problems of parents, and SEC of family were also performed. The beneficial effect of transplantation was observed across all domains of QoL (physical, psychological, social, environmental, and overall QoL)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714330/-the-role-of-environmental-factors-in-managing-labour-stress
#13
Melinda Rados, Judit Mészáros
INTRODUCTION: Emotional, cognitive and behavioural aspects of birth and labour stress are strongly associated with the underlying physiological processes. AIM: To study the factors of physical security and social support, the administration of synthetic oxytocin, and how they relate to perceived stress during childbirth. METHOD: Women's experienced physical security, social support and oxytocin administration was measured with targeted questions, and their perceived stress with the short and modified version of the Perceived Stress Scale...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714268/nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#14
Ben Spears, Helen Tyrer, Peter Tyrer
Nidotherapy is a new form of psychological therapy that aims to improve mental health by a systematic and collaborative manipulation of the environment in all its forms without focusing on alleviation of symptoms. Following treatment with nidotherapy, we describe a dramatic, and continuing, improvement in a woman with comorbid severe depressive illness and borderline personality disorder. She had made repeated serious suicide attempts over the previous 25 years and had received many drug and psychological treatments without success...
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713981/neuroendocrine-factors-the-missing-link-in-non%C3%A2-melanoma-skin-cancer-review
#15
Mihai Lupu, Ana Caruntu, Constantin Caruntu, Laura Maria Lucia Papagheorghe, Mihaela Adriana Ilie, Vlad Voiculescu, Daniel Boda, Constantin Carolina, Cristiana Tanase, Maria Sifaki, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Charalampos Mamoulakis, George Tzanakakis, Monica Neagu, Demetrios A Spandidos, Boris N Izotov, Aristides M Tsatsakis
Non‑melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common form of cancer worldwide, comprising 95% of all cutaneous malignancies and approximately 40% of all cancers. In spite of intensive efforts aimed towards awareness campaigns and sun‑protective measures, epidemiological data indicate an increase in the incidence of NMSC. This category of skin cancers has many common environmental triggers. Arising primarily on sun‑exposed skin, it has been shown that ultraviolet radiation is, in the majority of cases, the main trigger involved in the pathogenesis of NMSC...
July 13, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713088/-pathogenic-factors-of-regulatory-mechanisms-of-organism-adaptation-to-conditions-with-a-high-level-of-psychoemotional-load
#16
Oksana V Gorsha, Vasily I Gorsha
INTRODUCTION: The urgency of the issue is determined by the value of the stress impact of environmental conditions on workers of the operator personnel contingent, because the deterioration of their health and well-being is a factor in dangerous situations. However, the search for early diagnostic markers forming diseases, with a view to their prevention, is still a challenge. The aim was to establish the most important (among studied) pathogenetic factors of status of regulatory mechanisms of adaptation of individuals with a high level of psychoemotional load that is conditional upon profession...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709765/acoustic-and-perceived-measurements-certifying-tango-as-voice-treatment-method
#17
Dionysios Tafiadis, Evangelia I Kosma, Spyridon K Chronopoulos, Aggelos Papadopoulos, Eugenia I Toki, Siafaka Vassiliki, Nausica Ziavra
Voice disorders are affecting everyday life in many levels, and their prevalence has been studied extensively in certain and general populations. Notably, several factors have a cohesive influence on voice disorders and voice characteristics. Several studies report that health and environmental and psychological etiologies can serve as risk factors for voice disorders. Many diagnostic protocols, in the literature, evaluate voice and its parameters leading to direct or indirect treatment intervention. This study was designed to examine the effect of tango on adult acoustic voice parameters...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705536/effects-of-confinement-duration-and-parity-on-stereotypic-behavioral-and-physiological-responses-of-pregnant-sows
#18
Ming-Yue Zhang, Xiang Li, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Hong-Gui Liu, Jian-Hong Li, Jun Bao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of space restriction stress on the stereotypic behavioral and physiological responses of different parity sows, and it is necessary to understand such effects due to space restriction to improve the welfare of the sows in confined conditions. We selected fifty pregnant sows (Large White) at primiparity and first to fifth parity in a confined farm with the same body condition and due date (3±1.5days). Behavioral observations and physiological analysis were carried out during spatial confinement throughout pregnancy...
July 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704984/the-effect-of-personal-familial-and-enviroinmental-characteristics-on-acne-vulgaris-a-prospective-multicenter-case-controlled-study-from-turkey
#19
Ayşe S Karadağ, İlknur Balta, Hayriye Saricaoğlu, Selim Kiliç, Kıymet H Kelekçi, Mehmet Yildirim, Deniz A Arica, Savaş Öztürk, Göksun Karaman, Aslı A Çerman, Serap G Bilgili, Enver Turan, Mustafa M Demirci, Tuğba K Uzunçakmak, Serdar C Güvenç, Arzu Ataseven, Ayten Ferahbaş, Berna Aksoy, Emine Çölgeçen, Özlem Ekiz, Filiz Topaloğlu Demir, Özlem Bilgiç, Seray Çakmak, Derya Uçmak, Pınar Özuğuz, Yeşim Kaymak Konkuralp, Aylin T Ermertcan, Gonca Gökdemir, Emel Bülbül Başkan, Gökçen Alyamaç, Hatice Şanli
BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies about epidemiological features of acne vulgaris in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical, familial and environmental characteristics of acne, the role of diet and aggravating factors and association of these factors with acne severity. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of mild-moderate to severe acne were consecutively interviewed at the participating centers during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 3826 patients and 759 control patients were involved in this study...
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704070/geographic-variation-in-mentally-unhealthy-days-air-pollution-and-altitude-perspectives
#20
Hoehun Ha
Ha, H. Geographic variation in mentally unhealthy days: air pollution and altitude perspectives. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.- Background: Mental health incorporates our emotional, psychological, and social well-being and it is critical at each phase of life, from youth and preadulthood through adulthood. METHODS: We assessed the association between mentally unhealthy days (MUDs), air pollutant concentrations, and altitude on the basis of cross-county studies. Data on poor mental health days for the United States were based on health-related telephone surveys conducted by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
July 13, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
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