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AKI on CKD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802086/acute-kidney-injury-is-common-with-intravenous-abuse-of-extended-release-oral-oxymorphone-and-delayed-renal-recovery-rates-are-associated-with-increased-kdigo-staging
#1
Alex K Bonnecaze, Matthew Whitaker Wilson, Ajay Dharod, Alison Fletcher, P J Miller
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid abuse poses a serious problem in the United States, representing 615 per 100,000 deaths annually. Extended-release oxymorphone (Opana-ER) is an oral opioid pain medication that has recently been found to cause thrombotic microangiopathy when intravenously abused. In this retrospective study, prevalence and outcomes of AKI among patients intravenously abusing extended-release oral oxymorphone were analyzed. METHODS: A query of electronic medical records for "drug abuse" at an academic medical center during January 2012 to December 2015 was performed and yielded 2350 patients...
August 12, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767184/antithrombin-iii-prevents-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-following-experimental-ischaemic-reperfusion-injury
#2
Jianyong Yin, Feng Wang, Yiwei Kong, Rui Wu, Guangyuan Zhang, Niansong Wang, Ling Wang, Zeyuan Lu, Mingyu Liang
Acute kidney disease (AKI) leads to increased risk of progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Antithrombin III (ATIII) is a potent anticoagulant with anti-inflammatory properties, and we previously reported that insufficiencies of ATIII exacerbated renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rats. In this study, we examined the characteristic of AKI-CKD transition in rats with two distinct AKI models. Based on our observation, left IRI plus right nephrectomy (NX-IRI) was used to determine whether ATIII had therapeutic effects in preventing CKD progression after AKI...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764919/effects-of-higher-quality-of-care-on-initiation-of-long-term-dialysis-in-patients-with-ckd-and-diabetes
#3
Hon-Yen Wu, Shingo Fukuma, Sayaka Shimizu, Edward C Norton, Yu-Kang Tu, Kuan-Yu Hung, Mei-Ru Chen, Kuo-Liong Chien, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: The burden of diabetes-related chronic kidney disease (CKD) on individuals and society is increasing, shifting attention toward improving the quality of care for patients with CKD and diabetes. We assessed the quality of CKD care and its association with long-term dialysis, acute kidney injury (AKI), and death. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (2004-2011). SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adults in Taiwan with incident CKD enrolled in the Longitudinal Cohort of Diabetes Patients...
July 29, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761770/extended-peritoneal-dialysis-and-renal-recovery-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-prolonged-aki-a-report-of-2-cases
#4
Donlawat Saengpanit, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Piyaporn Towannang, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has recently been established as a treatment option for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Its efficacy in providing fluid and small solute removal has also been demonstrated in clinical trials and is equivalent to hemodialysis (HD). However, effect of RRT modality on renal recovery after AKI remains a controversy. Moreover, the setting of human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) infected patients with AKI requiring RRT makes the decision on RRT initiation and modality selection more complicated...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724610/developing-better-mouse-models-to-study-cisplatin-induced-kidney-injury
#5
Cierra N Sharp, Leah J Siskind
Cisplatin is a potent chemotherapeutic used for the treatment of many types of cancer. However, its dose-limiting side effect is nephrotoxicity leading to acute kidney injury (AKI) (29, 30). Patients who develop AKI have an increased risk of mortality and are more likely to develop chronic kidney disease (CKD) (5, 14, 31). Unfortunately, there are no therapeutic interventions for the treatment of AKI. It has been suggested that the lack of therapies is due in part to the fact that the established mouse model used to study cisplatin-induced AKI does not recapitulate the cisplatin dosing regimen patients receive (41)...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708022/is-intravenous-administration-of-iodixanol-associated-with-increased-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-dialysis-or-mortality-a-propensity-score-adjusted-study
#6
Jennifer S McDonald, Robert J McDonald, Eric E Williamson, David F Kallmes
Purpose To compare the rates of acute kidney injury (AKI), emergent dialysis, and short-term mortality between patients who underwent intravenous administration of the iso-osmolar contrast material (IOCM) iodixanol 320 and patients who underwent a noncontrast computed tomography (CT) examination. Materials and Methods Study design and implementation were overseen by an institutional review board and conformed to HIPAA guidelines on patient data integrity. All patients who underwent an iodixanol-enhanced (IOCM group) or a noncontrast (noncontrast group) CT examination from January 2003 to December 2014 were identified...
July 13, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701839/a-study-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-and-acute-peritoneal-dialysis-in-hemodynamic-unstable-patients
#7
Ajay Jaryal, Sanjay Vikrant
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the following study was to assess the outcome of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) in dialysis-requiring renal failure in patients with hemodynamic instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all the patients who received CRRT and acute PD over a period of 1 year at our institute, a tertiary care center, was done for diagnosis, type of renal replacement therapy (RRT), and survival outcome...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667820/human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-conditioned-medium-attenuate-interstitial-fibrosis-and-stimulate-the-repair-of-tubular-epithelial-cells-in-an-irreversible-model-of-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction
#8
Bo Liu, Feng-Xia Ding, Yang Liu, Geng Xiong, Tao Lin, Da-Wei He, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, De-Ying Zhang, Guang-Hui Wei
AIM: The growing number of patients suffering from chronic renal disease (CKD) is a challenge for the development of innovative therapies. Researchers have studied the therapeutic effects of cell therapy in acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the therapeutical effect of conditional medium (CM) in the CKD models have been rarely reported. Here, we examined the effects of umbilical cord derived-mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) CM on renal fibrosis in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)...
July 1, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665281/experimental-model-for-acute-kidney-injury-caused-by-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#9
Beata Skowron, Agnieszka Baranowska, Jolanta Kaszuba-Zwoińska, Grażyna Więcek, Anna Malska-Woźniak, Piotr Heczko, Magdalena Strus
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the rapid deterioration of renal function, diagnosed on the basis of an increase in serum creatinine and abnormal urinary parameters. AKI is associated with increased risk of mortality or chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the study was to develop an experimental model for AKI resulting from Escherichia coli-induced pyelonephritis. E. coli was isolated from a patient with clinical symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI). MATERIAL/METHODS: The study included three groups of female Wistar rats (groups 1, 2 and 3), in which pyelonephritis was induced by transurethral inoculation with highly virulent E...
June 19, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615146/novel-insights-into-acute-kidney-injury-chronic-kidney-disease-continuum-and-the-role-of-renin-angiotensin-system
#10
REVIEW
Yu-Hsiang Chou, Tao-Min Huang, Tzong-Shinn Chu
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). If injury is mild, a repair process can be adaptive and lead to complete renal recovery. However, severe injury will be accompanied by a maladaptive repair which usually leads to nephron loss, fibrosis, vascular rarefaction, and chronic inflammation. Although various mechanisms underlying AKI-CKD transition have been explored, no intervention has been proved effective to block the transition until very recently. A lack of consensus for monitoring renal function and defining renal recovery after AKI should be the reasons for the slow advance in the discovery of a timely pharmacologic treatment to block AKI-CKD transition...
June 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583827/association-between-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-risk-of-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Derk C F Klatte, Alessandro Gasparini, Hong Xu, Pietro de Deco, Marco Trevisan, Anna L V Johansson, Björn Wettermark, Johan Ärnlöv, Cynthia J Janmaat, Bengt Lindholm, Friedo W Dekker, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Juan J Carrero
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) have been associated with acute kidney injury and recent studies suggest that they may be associated with the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis using the Stockholm creatinine measurements database, which contains information on diagnoses, dispensation claims, and laboratory test results for all citizens in the Stockholm region from 2007 through 2010. We identified new users of PPIs (n = 105,305) and new users of H2 blockers (H2B; n = 9578); data on renal outcomes were collected for a median 2...
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551821/short-and-long-term-outcomes-after-non-severe-acute-kidney-injury
#12
Carlos Arias-Cabrales, Eva Rodríguez, Sheila Bermejo, Adriana Sierra, Carla Burballa, Clara Barrios, María José Soler, Julio Pascual
BACKGROUND: Severe acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular events and increased mortality. However, little is known about the prognosis in hospitalized population suffering from non-severe AKI episodes. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of non-severe AKI episodes in cardiovascular events, mortality and CKD, on short and long term. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study to 360 patients who met the criteria for diagnosis of AKI according ADQI guidelines with full recovery of renal function after the AKI episode, admitted between January 2000 and December 2010 in our hospital...
May 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526011/risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-survival-in-patients-treated-with-metformin-an-observational-cohort-study
#13
Samira Bell, Bassam Farran, Stuart McGurnaghan, Rory J McCrimmon, Graham P Leese, John R Petrie, Paul McKeigue, Naveed Sattar, Sarah Wild, John McKnight, Robert Lindsay, Helen M Colhoun, Helen Looker
BACKGROUND: Whether metformin precipitates lactic acidosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains under debate. We examined whether metformin use was associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) as a proxy for lactic acidosis and whether survival among those with AKI varied by metformin exposure. METHODS: All individuals with type 2 diabetes and available prescribing data between 2004 and 2013 in Tayside, Scotland were included. The electronic health record for diabetes which includes issued prescriptions was linked to laboratory biochemistry, hospital admission, death register and Scottish Renal Registry data...
May 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487772/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-early-acute-kidney-injury-in-nonsurgical-patients-a-cohort-study
#14
Javier Enrique Cely, Elkin José Mendoza, Carlos Roberto Olivares, Oscar Julián Sepúlveda, Juan Sebastián Acosta, Rafael Andrés Barón, Juan José Diaztagle
Introduction. Detecting acute kidney injury (AKI) in the first days of hospitalization could prevent potentially fatal complications. However, epidemiological data are scarce, especially on nonsurgical patients. Objectives. To determine the incidence and risk factors associated with AKI within five days of hospitalization (EAKI). Methods. Prospective cohort of patients hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Department. Results. A total of 16% of 400 patients developed EAKI. The associated risk factors were prehospital treatment with nephrotoxic drugs (2...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486919/metabolic-imbalance-of-homocysteine-and-hydrogen-sulfide-in-kidney-disease
#15
O Karmin, Yaw L Siow
Homocysteine (Hcy) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are important molecules produced during the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids. Hcy metabolism is central to the supply of methyl groups that are essential for biological function. Hcy can be either regenerated to methionine or metabolized to cysteine, a precursor for glutathione synthesis. Cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) play a crucial role in metabolizing Hcy to cysteine through the transsulfuration pathway. These two enzymes are also responsible for H2S generation through desulfuration reactions...
May 9, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483780/renal-functional-outcomes-after-surgery-ablation-and-active-surveillance-of-localized-renal-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Hiten D Patel, Phillip M Pierorazio, Michael H Johnson, Ritu Sharma, Emmanuel Iyoha, Mohamad E Allaf, Eric B Bass, Stephen M Sozio
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Management strategies for localized renal masses suspicious for renal cell carcinoma include radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, thermal ablation, and active surveillance. Given favorable survival outcomes across strategies, renal preservation is often of paramount concern. To inform clinical decision making, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing renal functional outcomes for radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, thermal ablation, and active surveillance...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469119/blood-pressure-variation-and-its-correlates-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-for-renal-failure-in-benin-city-nigeria
#17
Enajite I Okaka, Chimezie G Okwuonu
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) variation is commonly encountered during hemodialysis (HD) procedure. Both intradialysis hypotension and hypertension have implications for outcome of treatment and overall morbidity and mortality of the patients. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study was carried out in the dialysis unit of a tertiary health institution in Benin City among patients who had HD for acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) over a 3-year period...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460776/pathophysiology-of-the-cardio-renal-syndromes-types-1-5-an-uptodate
#18
REVIEW
L Di Lullo, A Bellasi, V Barbera, D Russo, L Russo, B Di Iorio, M Cozzolino, C Ronco
According to the recent definition proposed by the Consensus conference on Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Group, the term cardio-renal syndrome (CRS) has been used to define different clinical conditions in which heart and kidney dysfunction overlap. Type 1 CRS (acute cardio- renal syndrome) is characterized by acute worsening of cardiac function leading to AKI (5, 6) in the setting of active cardiac disease such as ADHF, while type - 2 CRS occurs in a setting of chronic heart disease. Type 3 CRS is closely link to acute kidney injury (AKI), while type 4 represent cardiovascular involvement in chronic kidney disese (CKD) patients...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460634/acute-kidney-injury-during-pregnancy-and-puerperium-a-retrospective-study-in-a-single-center
#19
Chunhong Huang, Shanying Chen
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is rare in women during pregnancy and puerperium, however, it is related to increased morbidity and mortality rates. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of AKI during pregnancy and puerperium in a Chinese population. METHODS: In this study, pregnant women discharged from hospital between January 2008 and June 2015 were screened. AKI was defined if the level of serum creatitine >70...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457330/ileostomy-creation-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Linda Li, Kelsey S Lau, Venkat Ramanathan, Sonia T Orcutt, Shubhada Sansgiry, Daniel Albo, David H Berger, Daniel A Anaya
BACKGROUND: Ileostomy creation is associated with postoperative dehydration and readmission; however, the effect on renal function is unknown. Our goal was to characterize the impact of ileostomy creation on acute and chronic renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery at a tertiary referral institution (2005-2011). The relationship between ileostomy creation and acute kidney injury (AKI)-related readmission, severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) at 12 mo (glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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