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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775869/mathematics-intervention-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-replication-and-extension-of-the-math-interactive-learning-experience-mile-program
#1
Katrina Kully-Martens, Jacqueline Pei, Julie Kable, Claire D Coles, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) experience deficits in behavior, cognition, and academic functioning resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Although receiving intervention for developmental disabilities is a strong protective factor against negative outcomes in FASD, intervention research in this population is in its infancy. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend a mathematics intervention, the Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE) program, which was developed in the USA specifically for children with FASD...
May 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753864/long-term-reductions-in-the-population-of-gabaergic-interneurons-in-the-mouse-hippocampus-following-developmental-ethanol-exposure
#2
Clark W Bird, Devin H Taylor, Natalie J Pinkowski, G Jill Chavez, C Fernando Valenzuela
Developmental exposure to ethanol leads to a constellation of cognitive and behavioral abnormalities known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). Many cell types throughout the central nervous system are negatively impacted by gestational alcohol exposure, including inhibitory, GABAergic interneurons. Little evidence exists, however, describing the long-term impact of fetal alcohol exposure on survival of interneurons within the hippocampal formation, which is critical for learning and memory processes that are impaired in individuals with FASDs...
May 10, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707515/the-postural-stability-of-children-with-foetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-during-one-leg-stance-a-feasibility-study
#3
Yolandi Brink, John Cockcroft, Soraya Seedat, Philip May, Wendy Kalberg, Quinette Louw
Background: Postural control may be impaired in children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The study assessed the protocol feasibility in terms of (1) recruiting children with FASD in a rural, small town; (2) using the measurement instruments in a real-life setting; (3) the one-leg standing (OLS) task and (4) presenting preliminary results on postural stability of children with and without FASD. Methods: Nine-year-old children diagnosed with and without FASD were invited to participate...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703853/a-modified-delphi-study-towards-developing-a-guideline-to-inform-policy-on-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-south-africa-a-study-protocol
#4
Babatope O Adebiyi, Ferdinand C Mukumbang, Kufre J Okop, Anna-Marie Beytell
INTRODUCTION: Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy can result in mental and physical birth defects in individuals. These birth defects are usually described as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). With an estimated 183-259 per 1000 children born with FASDs, South Africa is identified to have the highest prevalence of FASDs in the world. Nevertheless, there is a lack of appropriate policies, guidelines and interventions addressing the issues around FASDs. This protocol outlines a proposed process for developing a guideline to inform policies on FASDs...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700936/online-scan-of-fasd-prevention-and-health-promotion-resources-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities
#5
Hayley M Williams, Nikki A Percival, Nicole C Hewlett, Rahni B J Cassady, Sven R Silburn
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) includes a range of life-long impairments caused by alcohol exposure in utero. Health professionals are vital to preventing FASD but many are hesitant to discuss FASD with clients due to their need for additional resources to aid the conversation. This scan sought to identify the scope and gaps in publicly available FASD prevention and health promotion resources, and assess their cultural appropriateness for use among five key groups of Indigenous Australian people including: (i) pregnant women, (ii) women of childbearing age, (iii) grandmothers and aunties, (iv) men, and (v) health professionals...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691979/the-bdnf-val68met-polymorphism-modulates-how-developmental-ethanol-exposure-impacts-the-hippocampus
#6
Clark W Bird, Brian C Baculis, Jacob J Mayfield, Glenna J Chavez, Tiahna Ontiveros, Dana J Paine, Aaron J Marks, Alicia L Gonzales, Dorit Ron, C Fernando Valenzuela
Prenatal exposure to alcohol causes a wide range of deficits known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). Many factors determine vulnerability to developmental alcohol exposure including timing and pattern of exposure, nutrition, and genetics. Here, we characterized how a prevalent single nucleotide polymorphism in the human brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (val66met) modulates FASDs severity. This polymorphism disrupts BDNF's intracellular trafficking and activity dependent secretion, and has been linked to increased incidence of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety...
April 24, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688328/ethanol-exposure-in-utero-disrupts-radial-migration-and-pyramidal-cell-development-in-the-somatosensory-cortex
#7
Laurie C Delatour, Pamela W Yeh, Hermes H Yeh
Deficits in sensory processing in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) implicate dysfunction in the somatosensory cortex. However, the effects of prenatal ethanol exposure on the development of this region await elucidation. Here, we used an established mouse model of FASD with binge-type ethanol exposure from embryonic day 13.5-16.5 to investigate the effects of prenatal ethanol exposure on pyramidal neurons in the somatosensory cortex. Specifically, we focused on the radial migration of primordial pyramidal neurons during embryonic corticogenesis and their morphology and function during active synaptogenesis in early postnatal development...
April 24, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679679/activation-of-cyclic-gmp-dependent-protein-kinase-blocks-alcohol-mediated-cell-death-and-calcium-disruption-in-cerebellar-granule-neurons
#8
Dimitrios E Kouzoukas, Ramesh C Bhalla, Nicholas J Pantazis
Alcohol during brain development leads to the widespread neuronal death observed in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). In comparison, the mature brain is less vulnerable to alcohol. Studies into maturation-acquired alcohol resistance uncovered a protective mechanism that reduces alcohol-induced neuronal death through nitric oxide-cGMP-cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (NO-cGMP-cGK) signaling. However, the downstream processes underlying this neuroprotection remain unclear. Alcohol can disrupt levels of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+ ]i ) in vulnerable neuronal populations to trigger cell death in both in vivo and in vitro models of FASD...
April 18, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672868/fetal-cerebral-circulation-as-target-of-maternal-alcohol-consumption
#9
Anna N Bukiya, Alex M Dopico
Alcohol (ethanol) is one of the most widely used psychoactive substances worldwide. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy may result in a wide range of morphological and neurodevelopmental abnormalities termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), with the most severe cases diagnosed as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS and FASD are not readily curable and currently represent the leading preventable causes of birth defect and neurodevelopmental delay in the US. The etiology of FAS/FASD remains poorly understood...
April 19, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662519/response-to-a-critique-for-the-new-canadian-fasd-diagnostic-guidelines
#10
Jocelynn L Cook, Courtney R Green, Christine Lilley, R Psych, Sally Anderson, Mary Ellen Baldwin, Albert E Chudley, Julianne Conry, Nicole LeBlanc, Christine A Loock, Bernadene Mallon, Audrey McFarlane, Valerie Temple, C Psych
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658509/-experimental-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-behavioral-disorders-associated-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#11
E V Razumkina, P K Anokhin, T V Proskuryakova, I Yu Shamakina
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term which covers a wide range of deficits in prenatal and postnatal growth, anatomy and CNS functions produced by prenatal alcohol exposure. The most severe form of FASD is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) characterized by additional specific craniofacial and brain malformations. Despite a high prevalence and extensive clinical studies, the fundamental mechanisms of FASD are still poorly understood. Thereby, experimental models, which allow better control for both socio-environmental and genetic factors, are critical to our understanding of FASD...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623043/developmental-ethanol-exposure-causes-reduced-feeding-and-reveals-a-critical-role-for-neuropeptide-f-in-survival
#12
Amanda Guevara, Hillary Gates, Brianna Urbina, Rachael French
Food intake is necessary for survival, and natural reward circuitry has evolved to help ensure that animals ingest sufficient food to maintain development, growth, and survival. Drugs of abuse, including alcohol, co-opt the natural reward circuitry in the brain, and this is a major factor in the reinforcement of drug behaviors leading to addiction. At the junction of these two aspects of reward are alterations in feeding behavior due to alcohol consumption. In particular, developmental alcohol exposure (DAE) results in a collection of physical and neurobehavioral disorders collectively referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581212/study-protocol-for-a-self-controlled-cluster-randomised-trial-of-the-alert-program-to-improve-self-regulation-and-executive-function-in-australian-aboriginal-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#13
Bree Wagner, James P Fitzpatrick, Trevor G Mazzucchelli, Martyn Symons, Heather Carmichael Olson, Tracy Jirikowic, Donna Cross, Edie Wright, Emma Adams, Maureen Carter, Kaashifah Bruce, Jane Latimer
INTRODUCTION: While research highlights the benefits of early diagnosis and intervention for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), there are limited data documenting effective interventions for Australian children living in remote communities. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This self-controlled cluster randomised trial is evaluating the effectiveness of an 8-week Alert Program school curriculum for improving self-regulation and executive function in children living in remote Australian Aboriginal communities...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571046/the-contributions-of-dr-kathleen-k-sulik-to-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-research-and-prevention
#14
REVIEW
Scott E Parnell, Edward P Riley, Kenneth R Warren, Kathleen T Mitchell, Michael E Charness
Dr. Kathleen Sulik (Kathy) has spent 35 years studying fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Beginning with her landmark 1981 Science paper describing the early gestational window when alcohol can cause the craniofacial malformations characteristic of FAS, Kathy has contributed a vast amount of research furthering our knowledge of FASD. After her seminal work that definitively demonstrated that alcohol is the causative factor in FAS, she and her lab went on to explore and define the stage-dependent effects of early gestational alcohol exposure on the face and brain in numerous different ways throughout her career...
June 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551660/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-fasd-what-we-know-and-what-we-should-know-the-knowledge-of-german-health-professionals-and-parents
#15
Mirjam N Landgraf, Lucia Albers, Birte Rahmsdorf, Katharina Vill, Lucia Gerstl, Michaela Lippert, Florian Heinen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the knowledge about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and the implementation of the German guideline for FASD among different professionals in the health and social system and among parents with children with FASD. METHODS: A questionnaire about FASD, containing 20 items, was sent by post to all children's hospitals (n = 287), all hospitals for child and adolescent psychiatry (n = 173), all social paediatric centres (n = 162), all neuropaediatricians (n = 129) and all youth welfare offices (n = 672) in Germany...
May 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550584/proceedings-of-the-2017-annual-meeting-of-the-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-study-group
#16
REVIEW
Jeffrey R Wozniak, Anna Y Klintsova, Derek A Hamilton, Sandra M Mooney
The 2017 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group (FASDSG) meeting was titled "Prenatal alcohol exposure in the context of multiple factors affecting brain development." The theme was reflected in the interactions between members of the Teratology Society and the FASDSG this year. The first keynote speaker, Elaine Faustman, Ph.D., was a liaison between the societies and spoke about systems biology and the multiple genetic and environmental influences on development. The second keynote speaker, Rebecca Knickmeyer, Ph...
November 1, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544064/translating-to-the-community-t2c-a-protocol-paper-describing-the-development-of-canada-s-first-social-epigenetic-fasd-biobank
#17
Brenda Si Elias, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Betty Head, Geoffrey G Hicks
Translating to the Community (T2C) is a social bio-repository designed to advance new diagnostic tools and realign community-clinical processes, with the aim to mitigate the short-and-long term impacts of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), prenatal alcohol exposure, and its co-morbidities and behaviors. In this paper, we describe the evolution of this repository as a new translational partnership to advance a precision medicine approach to FASD. Key to its evolution was a partnership between academic researchers, Indigenous communities, families and a regional diagnostic clinic...
March 15, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538360/role-of-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-identification-of-children-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-during-the-first-year-of-life
#18
Ludmila N Bakhireva, Jean Lowe, Laura M Garrison, Sandra Cano, Yuridia Leyva, Fares Qeadan, Julia M Stephen
BackgroundEarlier identification of children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to identify neurobehavioral (NB) outcomes associated with PAE in infants.MethodsThis manuscript evaluates NB outcomes at 6.33±1.12 months of age in 93 infants (39 PAE and 54 No-PAE) recruited prospectively into the ENRICH cohort. PAE was assessed by prospective repeated TLFB interviews and a panel of ethanol biomarkers. NB outcomes were evaluated by the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-III), Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ-R), and Infant Sensory Profile (ISP)...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533680/copy-number-variation-in-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#19
Mehdi Zarrei, Geoffrey G Hicks, James N Reynolds, Bhooma Thiruvahindrapuram, Worrawat Engchuan, Molly Pind, Sylvia Lamoureux, John Wei, Zhouzhi Wang, Christian R Marshall, Richard F Wintle, Albert E Chudley, Stephen W Scherer
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is characterized by a combination of neurological, developmental, and congenital defects that may occur as a consequence of prenatal alcohol exposure. Earlier reports showed that large chromosomal anomalies may link to FASD. Here, we examined the prevalence and types of copy number variations (CNVs) in FASD cases previously diagnosed by a multidisciplinary FASD team in sites across Canada. We genotyped 95 children with FASD and 87 age-matched, typically developing controls on the Illumina Human Omni2...
April 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526773/altered-brain-functional-connectivity-and-behaviour-in-a-mouse-model-of-maternal-alcohol-binge-drinking
#20
Lídia Cantacorps, Héctor González-Pardo, Jorge L Arias, Olga Valverde, Nélida M Conejo
Prenatal and perinatal alcohol exposure caused by maternal alcohol intake during gestation and lactation periods can have long-lasting detrimental effects on the brain development and behaviour of offspring. Children diagnosed with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) display a wide range of cognitive, emotional and motor deficits, together with characteristic morphological abnormalities. Maternal alcohol binge drinking is particularly harmful for foetal and early postnatal brain development, as it involves exposure to high levels of alcohol over short periods of time...
June 8, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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