keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783086/biomechanical-comparison-of-cemented-vs-non-cemented-anterior-screw-fixation-in-type-ii-odontoid-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-cadaveric-study
#1
Petr Rehousek, Edward Jenner, James Holton, Marcin Czyz, Lukas Capek, Petr Henys, Marketa Kulvajtova, Martin Krbec, Jiri Skala-Rosenbaum
Background Context Odontoid process fractures are the most common injuries of the cervical spine in the elderly. Anterior screw stabilisation of type 2 odontoid process fractures improves survival and function in these patients but may be complicated by failure of fixation. Purpose To determine whether cement augmentation of a standard anterior screw provides biomechanically superior fixation of type II odontoid fractures in comparison to a non-cemented standard screw. Study design Twenty human cadaveric C2 vertebrae from elderly donors (mean age 83 years) were obtained...
May 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783014/comparison-of-micro-clamping-stent-retriever-thrombectomy-with-conventional-stent-retriever-thrombectomy-in-intracranial-large-vessel-embolism
#2
Zhen-Sheng Liu, Gang Deng, Long-Jiang Zhou, Yong Sun, Xin-Jiang Zhang, Xiong-Wei Kuang, Yong-Lin Qin, Jia-Xiang Wang, Qing Shan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of micro-clamping stent-retriever thrombectomy (MSRT) in acute ischemic stroke patients with intracranial large vessel embolism (ILVE), and compare the same with conventional stent-retriever thrombectomy (CSRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a total of 108 ILVE patients treated by MSRT (n=52) and CSRT (n=56) from the two participating institutions between January 2016 and November 2017. The rates of successful (mTICI 2b or 3) and complete reperfusion (mTICI 3), time from guide catheter placement to reperfusion, rates of first-pass success, and the number of passes for reperfusion were compared between the MSRT and CSRT groups...
May 18, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783009/antiplatelet-medication-reversal-strategies-in-operative-intracranial-hemorrhage-a-survey-of-practicing-neurosurgeons
#3
Paul M Foreman, Adeel Ilyas, James Mooney, Philip G R Schmalz, Beverly C Walters, Christoph J Griessenauer
OBJECTIVE: Antiplatelet therapy is common and complicates the operative management of acute intracranial hemorrhage. Little data exist to guide antiplatelet reversal strategies. METHODS: An online survey detailing antiplatelet reversal strategies in patients presenting with acute operative intracranial hemorrhage (subdural hematoma (SDH), epidural hematoma (EDH), and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) was distributed to board certified neurosurgeons in the North America...
May 18, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782696/routine-antenatal-ultrasound-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-first-look-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Robert L Goldenberg, Robert O Nathan, David Swanson, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Fabian Esamai, David Muyodi, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, Elwyn Chomba, Melody Chiwala, Musaku Mwenechanya, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangako, Victor Lokomba Bolamba, Janet L Moore, Holly Franklin, Jonathan Swanson, Edward A Liechty, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Waldemar A Carlo, Nancy Kanaiza, Farnaz Naqvi, Irma Sayury Pineda, Walter López-Gomez, Dorothy Hamsumonde, Margo S Harrison, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Dennis D Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound is widely regarded as an important adjunct to antenatal care (ANC) to guide practice and reduce perinatal mortality. We assessed the impact of ANC ultrasound use at health centers in resource-limited countries. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Clusters within five countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Pakistan and Zambia). METHODS: Clusters were randomized to standard ANC or standard care plus two ultrasounds and referral for complications...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782689/common-and-distinctive-electrocardiographic-characteristics-and-effective-catheter-ablation-of-idiopathic-ventricular-arrhythmias-originating-from-different-areas-of-ventricular-septum-adjacent-to-atrioventricular-annulus
#5
Su-Qin Zhang, Cheng Zheng, Yue-Chun Li, Kang-Ting Ji, Ri-Peng Yin, Jia-Feng Lin, Jia Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics and radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) efficacy for premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and idiopathic ventricular tachycardias (IVTs) originating from ventricular septum areas adjacent to atrioventricular annulus (VS-AVA). METHODS: Among 1505 consecutive PVCs/IVTs cases, 106 (7.04%) were confirmed as origin of VS-AVA guided by both fluoroscopy and three-dimensional mapping system during RFCA...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782640/drug-gut-microbiota-interactions-implications-for-neuropharmacology
#6
REVIEW
Jacinta Walsh, Brendan T Griffin, Gerard Clarke, Niall P Hyland
The fate and activity of drugs are frequently dictated not only by the host per se but also by the microorganisms present in the gastrointestinal tract. The gut microbiome is known to, both directly and indirectly, affect drug metabolism. More evidence now hints at the impact that drugs can have on the function and composition of the gut microbiome. Both microbiota-mediated alterations in drug metabolism and drug-mediated alterations in the gut microbiome can have beneficial or detrimental effects on the host...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782605/trends-in-oncologic-hybrid-imaging
#7
REVIEW
Andreas G Wibmer, Hedvig Hricak, Gary A Ulaner, Wolfgang Weber
Hybrid imaging plays a central role in the diagnosis and management of a wide range of malignancies at all stages. In this article, we review the most pertinent historical developments, emerging clinical applications of novel radiotracers and imaging technologies, and potential implications for training and practice. This includes an overview of novel tracers for prostate, breast, and neuroendocrine tumors, assessment of tumor heterogeneity, the concept of image-guided 'biologically relevant dosing', and theranostic applications...
2018: Eur J Hybrid Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782504/measurement-agreement-of-the-self-administered-questionnaire-of-the-belgian-health-interview-survey-paper-and-pencil-versus-web-based-mode
#8
Elise Braekman, Finaba Berete, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Sabine Drieskens, Lydia Gisle, Geert Molenberghs, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden, Guido Van Hal
Before organizing mixed-mode data collection for the self-administered questionnaire of the Belgian Health Interview Survey, measurement effects between the paper-and-pencil and the web-based questionnaire were evaluated. A two-period cross-over study was organized with a sample of 149 employees of two Belgian research institutes (age range 22-62 years, 72% female). Measurement agreement was assessed for a diverse range of health indicators related to general health, mental and psychosocial health, health behaviors and prevention with kappa coefficients and intraclass correlation (ICC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782449/does-the-shoe-fit-considerations-for-proper-shoe-fitting
#9
Marie Mantini Blazer, Laura Beth Jamrog, Lauren Lindsay Schnack
It is important to be properly evaluated for shoes to avoid complications. Ill-fitting shoes can lead to pathologies in different populations. The focus of this article is to review the components and function of a basic athletic-type shoe, general shoe-fitting techniques, and selecting appropriate footwear for various populations including those with diabetes, elderly, and females. Poorly fitting shoes can exacerbate structural foot deformities. Unevenly distributed plantar pressures and wear can lead to ulcerations in diabetic populations...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782446/minimally-invasive-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-using-headless-screw-surgical-technique
#10
Elizabeth A Newman, Maria C Orbay, Fiesky A Nunez, Fiesky Nunez
Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthritis causes debilitating hand pain and instability leading to significant functional impairment. Arthrodesis remains the gold standard for treatment of PIP arthritis. We present a minimally invasive PIP arthrodesis that provides rigid fixation with a headless compression screw. Seven patients who presented to the senior author with PIP joint arthritis underwent PIP arthrodesis by minimally invasive technique. A 1 cm transverse incision is made over the PIP joint, incising skin, central band, and articular capsule...
June 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782440/management-for-simultaneous-patella-tendon-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-a-systematic-review-of-available-literature
#11
Alexander Handel Matthews, Ethan James Fraser, Benjamin Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Combined rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patella tendon (PT) is a rare injury pattern. Currently little evidence exists to help guide management decisions for these patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed (MEDLINE) and Scopus (EMBASE, MEDLINE) for all articles reporting on combined rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patella tendon (PT). The characteristic injury mechanisms, common presentation findings and outcomes of simultaneous and staged treatment strategies were determined to provide guidance for the management of this uncommon injury pattern...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782383/genetic-testing-of-xy-newborns-with-a-suspected-disorder-of-sex-development
#12
Malika Alimussina, Louise Ann Diver, Ruth McGowan, Syed Faisal Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review focuses on the neonatal presentation of disorders of sex development, summarize the current approach to the evaluation of newborns and describes recent advances in understanding of underlying genetic aetiology of these conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Several possible candidate genes as well as other adverse environmental factors have been described as contributing to several clinical subgroups of 46,XY DSDs. Moreover, registry-based studies showed that infants with suspected DSD may have extragenital anomalies and in 46,XY cases, being small for gestational age (SGA), cardiac and neurological malformations are the commonest concomitant conditions...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782335/novel-placement-of-cortical-bone-trajectory-screws-in-the-lumbar-spine-a-radiographic-and-cadaveric-study
#13
Hai Gao, Renjie Zhang, Chongyu Jia, Tao Xing, Jianxiang Zhang, Fulong Dong, Peng Ge, Peiwen Song, Peng Xu, Huaqing Zhang, Huimin Li, Cailiang Shen
STUDY DESIGN: This is a radiographic and cadaveric study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a detailed comparison about the parameters between the ideal cortical bone trajectory (CBT) and practical CBT screw. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CBT screws have recently become popular in spinal surgery, mainly because of their improved fixation while minimizing soft tissue dissection. However, to our knowledge, no previous study has provided a detailed comparison on the parameters between the ideal CBT and practical CBT screws...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782246/precision-medicine-and-radiogenomics-in-breast-cancer-new-approaches-toward-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Katja Pinker, Joanne Chin, Amy N Melsaether, Elizabeth A Morris, Linda Moy
Precision medicine is medicine optimized to the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of an individual and, when present, his or her disease. It has a host of targets, including genes and their transcripts, proteins, and metabolites. Studying precision medicine involves a systems biology approach that integrates mathematical modeling and biology genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. Moreover, precision medicine must consider not only the relatively static genetic codes of individuals, but also the dynamic and heterogeneous genetic codes of cancers...
June 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782241/thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-ti-rads-a-user-s-guide
#15
Franklin N Tessler, William D Middleton, Edward G Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#16
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782209/practical-assessment-and-management-of-vulnerabilities-in-older-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-asco-guideline-for-geriatric-oncology
#17
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782191/lipid-protein-and-microrna-composition-within-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes
#18
Hao Deng, Chun Sun, Yingxin Sun, Huhu Li, Lin Yang, Danbin Wu, Qing Gao, Xijuan Jiang
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were regarded as one of the most promising type of seed cells in tissue engineering due to its easy accessibility and multipotent feature of being able to differentiate into adipocyte, osteoblast, cardiomyocytes, and neurons. For years, MSCs have been applied in treating cardiovascular disease, reconstructing kidney injury, and remodeling immune system with remarkable achievements. Basic researches revealed that its clinic effects are not only due to their pluripotent ability but also through their paracrine function that they synthesize and secrete a broad spectrum of growth factors and cytokines...
May 21, 2018: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781980/disclosure-coaching-an-ask-tell-ask-model-to-support-clinicians-in-disclosure-conversations
#19
Jo Shapiro, Lynne Robins, Pamela Galowitz, Thomas H Gallagher, Sigall Bell
Error disclosure is a high-stakes, emotionally charged interaction for patients and families as well as clinicians. A failed disclosure can result in emotional distress, reduced patient and family trust, litigation, and lost opportunities to learn from and prevent subsequent errors. However, many clinicians have little expertise in handling these challenging interactions and can inadvertently make a bad situation worse. Even those clinicians who have had formal disclosure training may have trouble remembering what they were taught when faced with the need to actually discuss an error with patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#20
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
keyword
keyword
13399
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"