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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344537/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-promoting-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Shima Chahardah-Cherik, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Simin Jahani, Bahman Cheraghian
Background: Health promoting behaviors are known to be a key factor in managing type 2 diabetes and improving the quality of life in diabetic patients. However, there is little known about the factors influencing these behaviors in diabetic patients. This study aimed to find the relationship between the health literacy and health promoting behaviors in patients with type II diabetes. Methods: This correlational study was conducted from August to September 2016 on 175 eligible diabetic patients (20 to 65 year-old) who referred to the selected centers of diabetes control in Ahvaz City...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344034/socio-demographic-determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study-tlgs
#2
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Sepideh Bakht, Zeinab Shayeghian, Leila Cheraghi, Fereidoun Azizi
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept that is affected by different variables. A large body of evidence shows that socio-demographic factors have a significant influence on HRQOL. When considering differences in cultural contexts and social values of various countries and the lack of evidence regarding socio-demographic determinants of HRQOL among the Iranian general population, it is important to verify the main socio-demographic determinants of HRQOL in an urban Iranian population...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339931/assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-information-literacy-instruction-for-rehabilitation-sciences-students-a-scoping-review
#3
Jill T Boruff, Pamela Harrison
Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338694/development-of-a-physical-literacy-model-for-older-adults-a-consensus-process-by-the-collaborative-working-group-on-physical-literacy-for-older-canadians
#4
Gareth R Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W Young, Andrew V Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell, Peter Nordland
BACKGROUND: Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health promoters must consider innovative ways to increase PA adoption and long-term sustainability. Physical literacy (PL) is emerging as a promising strategy to increase lifelong PA participation in younger age-groups, yet there is relatively little evidence of PL being used to support older adults in achieving the PA guidelines...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335160/mobile-phone-use-among-patients-and-health-workers-to-enhance-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-south-africa
#5
Jocelyn Olivia Todd Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Frances Griffiths
Mobile phones have the potential to improve access to healthcare information and services in low-resourced settings. This study investigated the use of mobile phones among patients with chronic diseases, pregnant women, and health workers to enhance primary healthcare in rural South Africa. Qualitative research was undertaken in Mpumalanga in 2014. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 113 patients and 43 health workers from seven primary healthcare clinics and one district hospital. Data were thematically analysed...
January 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335056/vegetable-and-fruit-consumption-among-chinese-adults-and-associated-factors-a-nationally-representative-study-of-170-847-adults
#6
Yi Chong Li, Bo Jiang, Mei Zhang, Zheng Jing Huang, Qian Deng, Mai Geng Zhou, Zhen Ping Zhao, You Fa Wang, Li Min Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined vegetable and fruit (VF) consumption rate and its associated factors among Chinese adults. METHODS: Nationally representative data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Surveillance survey were used. Dietary intake data, including VF consumption during the last 12 months, were collected. All analyses were weighted to obtain nationally representative estimates. Associations between VF consumption and other factors (e.g., meal frequency and physical activity) were examined through logistic regression analysis...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333531/patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-as-a-preoperative-assessment-tool
#7
Sunghye Kim, Pamela W Duncan, Leanne Groban, Hannah Segal, Rica Moonyeen Abbott, Jeff D Williamson
Aim of review: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) on functional, social, and behavioral factors might be important preoperative predictors of postoperative outcomes. We conducted a literature review to explore associations of preoperative depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, and nutritional status with surgical outcomes. Methods: Two electronic data bases, including PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched linking either depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, or nutritional status with surgery, postoperative complications, or perioperative period within the past 2 decades...
November 28, 2017: Journal of anesthesia and perioperative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330666/heidegger-communication-and-healthcare
#8
Casey Rentmeester
Communication between medical professionals and patients is an important aspect of therapy and patient satisfaction. Common barriers that get in the way of effective communication in this sphere include: (1) gender, age, and cultural differences; (2) physical or psychological discomfort or pain; (3) medical literacy; and (4) distraction due to technological factors or simply being overworked. The author examines these communicative barriers from a philosophical lens and then utilizes Martin Heidegger's phenomenology and hermeneutics to provide guidance for medical professional-patient interactions...
January 12, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327995/the-impact-of-library-tutorials-on-the-information-literacy-skills-of-occupational-therapy-and-physical-therapy-students-in-an-evidence-based-practice-course-a-rubric-assessment
#9
April J Schweikhard, Toni Hoberecht, Alyssa Peterson, Ken Randall
This study measures how online library instructional tutorials implemented into an evidence-based practice course have impacted the information literacy skills of occupational and physical therapy graduate students. Through a rubric assessment of final course papers, this study compares differences in students' search strategies and cited sources pre- and post-implementation of the tutorials. The population includes 180 randomly selected graduate students from before and after the library tutorials were introduced into the course curriculum...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#10
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322478/effect-of-health-literacy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-older-patients-with-long-term-conditions-a-large-cohort-study-in-uk-general-practice
#11
Maria Panagioti, Suzanne M Skevington, Mark Hann, Kelly Howells, Amy Blakemore, David Reeves, Peter Bower
PURPOSE: The levels of health literacy in patients with long-term conditions (LTCs) are critical for better disease management and quality of life (QoL). However, the impact of health literacy on QoL in older adults with LTCs is unclear. This study examined the association between health literacy and domains of QoL in older people with LTCs, investigating key socio-demographic and clinical variables, as confounders. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on older adults (n = 4278; aged 65 years and over) with at least one LTC, registered in general practices in Salford, UK...
January 10, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314862/exploring-the-utility-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-as-a-population-health-surveillance-indicator-for-children-and-youth-an-international-analysis-of-results-from-the-20-m-shuttle-run-test
#12
Justin J Lang
Emerging evidence has demonstrated the strong link between cardiorespiratory fitness and multiple aspects of health (i.e., physiological, physical, psychosocial, cognitive), independent of physical activity, among school-aged children and youth. Cardiorespiratory fitness is a trait that does not vary substantially from day-to-day, and provides an indication of recent physical activity levels, making it an important possible indicator of population health. Thus, the objective of this dissertation was to investigate the utility of cardiorespiratory fitness, measured using the 20-m shuttle run test, as a broad, holistic health indicator for population health surveillance among children and youth...
January 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283040/-just-say-it-like-it-is-use-of-a-community-based-participatory-approach-to-develop-a-technology-driven-food-literacy-program-for-adolescents
#13
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
FuelUp&Go! is a technology-driven food literacy program consisting of six in-person skill building sessions as well as fitness trackers, text messages, and a companion website. A community-based participatory research approach was used with adolescents who were recruited to participate in a Kid Council. Qualitative data were collected about the use of surveys, program activities, recipes, technology and text messages, and music and incentives. Changes suggested by Kid Councilmembers informed the design and development of a pilot program...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250016/for-the-love-of-nature-exploring-the-importance-of-species-diversity-and-micro-variables-associated-with-favorite-outdoor-places
#14
Morgan F Schebella, Delene Weber, Kiera Lindsey, Christopher B Daniels
Although the restorative benefits of nature are widely acknowledged, there is a limited understanding of the attributes of natural environments that are fundamental to restorative experiences. Faced with growing human populations and a greater awareness of the wellbeing benefits natural environments provide, park agencies and planners are increasingly challenged with balancing human and ecological outcomes in natural areas. This study examines the physical and experiential qualities of natural environments people referred to when describing their connection to their most valued natural environments in an online questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229462/regular-physical-activity-and-educational-outcomes-in-youth-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Katherine B Owen, Philip D Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to determine whether longitudinal changes in accelerometer-assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were associated with changes in educational outcomes (i.e., academic performance and mathematics engagement) and to examine whether the association was nonlinear. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected from 2,194 Australian adolescents (mean age = 13.40 years, standard deviation = .73) at two time points (Term 1, 2014, and Term 2, 2015)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216484/beliefs-about-the-causes-of-and-treatments-for-depression-and-bipolar-disorder-among-south-koreans
#16
Subin Park, Hyesue Jang, Adrian Furnham, Mina Jeon, Se Jin Park
Public beliefs about psychiatric disorders are important for understanding help-seeking behaviours. We investigated factors that affect South Koreans' beliefs about the causes and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. We recruited 654 participants aged 15-54 years using an online panel survey. Participants completed two questionnaires: 34 possible causes of and 33 possible treatments for depression and bipolar disorder. For both disorders, the questionnaires about causes revealed four factors: social-environmental, God/fate, heath/lifestyle, and biological; the questionnaires about treatments revealed five factors: self-help/stress management, physical treatment/health management, seeking mental health services, religious help, and resting...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200038/health-literacy-and-health-status-in-people-with-chronic-heart-failure
#17
June M Como
PURPOSE/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether health literacy, self-efficacy, and medication adherence can explain or predict the variance in health outcomes (measured as perceived physical or mental health status [HS]) in persons with chronic heart failure (HF). DESIGN: A nonexperimental cross-sectional survey study used data gathered from 175 patients with chronic HF from urban cardiology practices in the northeast United States. METHODS: The Paasche-Orlow and Wolf Causal Pathways conceptual model and Bandura's self-efficacy theory were used to select and test variables in the study...
January 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195725/benefits-of-a-bedtime-routine-in-young-children-sleep-development-and-beyond
#18
REVIEW
Jodi A Mindell, Ariel A Williamson
This paper presents a conceptual model and reviews the empirical evidence to support a nightly bedtime routine as a key factor in the promotion of not only healthy sleep, but also of broad development and wellbeing in early childhood. A bedtime routine embodies the characteristics of nurturing care and early child stimulation, which are deemed to be essential for positive outcomes, especially for at-risk children. Furthermore, common, adaptive components of a bedtime routine can contribute to an array of positive developmental outcomes beyond improved sleep, inclusive of language development, literacy, child emotional and behavioral regulation, parent-child attachment, and family functioning, among other outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182043/a-cross-national-exploration-of-societal-level-factors-associated-with-child-physical-abuse-and-neglect
#19
Joanne Klevens, Katie A Ports, Chelsea Austin, Ivan J Ludlow, Jacqueline Hurd
Children around the world experience violence at the hands of their caregivers at alarming rates. A recent review estimates that a minimum of 50% of children in Asia, Africa, and North America experienced severe physical violence by caregivers in the past year, with large variations between countries. Identifying modifiable country-level factors driving these geographic variations has great potential for achieving population-level reductions in rates of child maltreatment. This study builds on previous research by focusing on caregiver-reported physical abuse and neglect victimisation, examining 22 societal factors representing 11 different constructs among 42 countries from 5 continents at different stages of development...
November 28, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176096/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-obesity-in-hispanic-manufacturing-workers
#20
Grant Benham, Suad F Ghaddar, Liza Talavera-Garza
The present study examined the relationship between obesity and sleep duration among Hispanic manufacturing workers. Two hundred and twenty eight Hispanic workers from eight manufacturing plants completed an in-person interview that included measures of demographics, health literacy, and sleep duration. Height and weight were directly assessed. A logistic regression, controlling for gender, education, age, income, physical activity levels, self-reported health status, and health literacy, indicated that workers who slept six hours or less were significantly more likely to be obese than those sleeping seven to nine hours (OR: 1...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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