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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303441/association-between-health-literacy-and-hypertension-management-in-a-chinese-community-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Di Shi, Jiangbo Li, Yong Wang, Si Wang, Kai Liu, Rufeng Shi, Qiang Zhang, Xiaoping Chen
Low health literacy is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The relationship between literacy and blood pressure (BP) has been inconsistent. We investigated the determinants of health literacy and the potential relationship between health literacy and hypertension management. We conducted a retrospective cohort trial of 360 hypertensive patients. Scale measurements, physical examination, and laboratory tests were performed based on a standard protocol. To determine factors associated with health literacy, multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and the discriminatory power of the scale score for hypertension control was assessed by the area under the receiver operating curve...
March 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302545/identifying-female-community-health-volunteers-understanding-and-motivations-about-blood-pressure-control-a-prerequisite-for-developing-community-based-interventions-for-hypertension-in-nepal
#2
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva R Mishra, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Health literacy and attitudes of female community health volunteers (FCHV) toward hypertension management in the context of Nepal are not well understood. Therefore, it is important to explore the potential for the effectiveness for blood pressure screening and perceptions on their likely ability to promote a blood pressure reduction at community level. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the knowledge and attitudes of FCHV related to hypertension prevention and control...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#3
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292571/health-literacy-and-quality-of-care-of-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Emilie Zuercher, Ibrahima Dina Diatta, Bernard Burnand, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy (HL) may lead to poor health outcomes and inappropriate healthcare use, particularly in patients with chronic diseases. We aimed to assess the association between functional HL (FHL) and quality of care, as measured by process- and outcome-of-care indicators, in patients with diabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2013 CoDiab-VD cohort follow-up, which included non-institutionalised adults with diabetes from canton of Vaud, Switzerland...
March 11, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290760/translation-of-fit-strong-for-use-by-hispanics-with-arthritis-a-feasibility-trial-of-%C3%A2-en-forma-y-fuerte
#5
Cheryl Der Ananian, Renae Smith-Ray, Brad Meacham, Amy Shah, Susan Hughes
This study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of translating the evidence-based program, Fit & Strong! into a Spanish program, ¡En Forma y Fuerte!. A single-group, quasi-experimental design (n=34, mean age = 58.8 [8.1], 87.2% Female, 87.2% reported speaking mostly Spanish) was used to assess implementation feasibility and the impact of ¡En Forma y Fuerte! on arthritis-related outcomes in Hispanics with arthritis. Significant improvements in lower-extremity strength, perceived physical function and pain were observed from baseline to 8 weeks (p<0...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290733/comparing-mental-health-literacy-and-physical-health-literacy-an-exploratory-study
#6
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278568/phosphatidylethanol-confirmed-alcohol-use-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-persons-who-denied-consumption-in-rural-uganda
#7
Winnie R Muyindike, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Robin Fatch, Nneka I Emenyonu, Julian Adong, Christine Ngabirano, Debbie M Cheng, Michael R Winter, Jeffrey H Samet, Judith A Hahn
Under-reporting of alcohol use by HIV-infected patients could adversely impact clinical care. This study examined factors associated with under-reporting of alcohol consumption by patients who denied alcohol use in clinical and research settings using an alcohol biomarker. We enrolled ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults at Mbarara Hospital HIV clinic in Uganda. We conducted baseline interviews on alcohol use, demographics, Spirituality and Religiosity Index (SRI), health and functional status; and tested for breath alcohol content and collected blood for phosphatidylethanol (PEth), a sensitive and specific biomarker of alcohol use...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274209/mental-health-literacy-about-schizophrenia-and-depression-a-survey-among-chinese-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorder
#8
Shubao Chen, Qiuxia Wu, Chang Qi, Huiqiong Deng, Xuyi Wang, Haoyu He, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Tieqiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge of schizophrenia and depression among caregivers of patients with mental disorder in China. METHOD: A convenience sample of 402 caregivers at the Department of Psychiatry of a general hospital in China was investigated (response rate 95.7%), using vignettes based investigation methodology. RESULTS: The number of caregivers using the term "depression" to describe the depression vignette was 43.6%, which was significantly higher than the number of caregivers using the term "schizophrenia" to describe the schizophrenia one (28...
March 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252375/policy-at-play-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-and-active-living-guidelines-in-municipal-child-care-settings
#9
Kelly McKay, Sherry Nigro
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) partnered with the City of Ottawa Municipal Child Care (MCC) Services to develop Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Guidelines. SETTING: The Guidelines aim to promote consistent standards of practice in child care settings related to healthy environments and food, physical activity, physical literacy, decreased sedentary behaviours, and positive role modeling by staff. The Guidelines targeted 498 children aged 18 months to 5 years, attending MCC centres...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240978/evaluation-of-the-self-fitting-process-with-a-commercially-available-hearing-aid
#10
Elizabeth Convery, Gitte Keidser, Mark Seeto, Margot McLelland
BACKGROUND: Hearing aids and personal sound amplification products that are designed to be self-fitted by the user at home are becoming increasingly available in the online marketplace. While these devices are often marketed as a low-cost alternative to traditional hearing health-care, little is known about people's ability to successfully use and manage them. Previous research into the individual components of a simulated self-fitting procedure has been undertaken, but no study has evaluated performance of the procedure as a whole using a commercial product...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239013/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-lifestyle-improvement-through-food-and-exercise-life-study
#11
Elizabeth Lynch, Laurin J Mack, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth Avery, Rebecca Liebman, Kathryn S Keim, Crystal M Glover, Leon Fogelfeld
African Americans experience poorer diabetes outcomes than non-Hispanic Whites. Few clinical trials of diabetes self-management interventions specifically target African Americans, perhaps due to well-documented barriers to recruitment in this population. This paper describes strategies used to successfully recruit 211 low-income African Americans from community clinics of a large, urban public hospital system to a randomized clinical trial of an 18-month diabetes self-management intervention. Diabetes-related physiological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of the sample are reported...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231260/effects-of-the-skills4genius-sports-based-training-program-in-creative-behavior
#12
Sara Santos, Sergio Jiménez, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
Team Sports has been suggested as a suitable environment to investigate creative behavior. This study's purpose was two-fold: first, it intended to identify the effects of the Skills4Genius sports-bases training program in thinking, motor, and in-game creative behavior in team sports. Second, it aimed to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and in-game creativity. Forty children from primary school were allocated into control (n = 18, age: 9.2±0.4) and experimental (n = 22, age: 9.5±0.7) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#13
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216109/the-evolution-of-health-literacy-and-communication-introducing-health-harmonics
#14
REVIEW
Amy McNeil, Ross Arena
In the last fifteen years, research on the link between health literacy (HL) and poor health outcomes has resulted in mixed results. Since 2004, concerted effort has been made to improve not only practitioner training, but also the HL of the United States population. And yet, to this day, only 12% of adults are considered health literate. Along with increased awareness of HL, creation of strategies and initiatives, such as shared decision, plain language, and decision aides, have improved patient-centered approaches to facilitating a person's ability to obtain and understand health information to the extent that they are able to affect a level of health autonomy; efforts have clearly fallen short given that during the same amount of time, the unhealthy living phenotype and chronic disease burden persists globally...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190915/the-employment-environment-for-youth-in-rural-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Andra Wilkinson, Audrey Pettifor, Molly Rosenberg, Carolyn Halpern, Harsha Thirumurthy, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn
South Africa has high youth unemployment. This paper examines the predictors of youth employment in rural Agincourt, Mpumalanga Province. A survey of 187 out-of-school 18-24 year olds found only 12% of women and 38% of men were currently employed. Men with skills/training were significantly more likely to report employment, mostly physical labour (aOR: 4.5; CI: 1.3, 15.3). In-depth interviews with 14 of the youth revealed women are perceived more suitable for formal employment, which is scarce informing why women were more likely to pursue further education and yet less likely to be employed...
2017: Development Southern Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182041/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
M Manavalan, A Majumdar, K T Harichandra Kumar, P S Priyamvada
Health-related quality of life is an important, yet neglected aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care. We evaluated the quality of life and its determinants across CKD 3 to 5D using a kidney disease specific tool (Kidney Disease Quality of Life-SF™) in an underprivileged, predominantly rural population with high rates of illiteracy and unemployment. The scores of individual domains were summarized to three composite scores - physical composite summary (PCS), mental composite summary (MCS), and kidney disease component summary score (KDCS)(...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181683/oral-health-needs-dental-care-utilization-and-quality-of-life-perceptions-among-oregonian-seniors
#17
Richie Kohli, Harjit S Sehgal, Sandra Nelson, Eli Schwarz
BACKGROUND: For a relevant planning process and advocate for improvement in oral health conditions of the senior population up-to-date data are necessary. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, dental care utilization and quality of life perceptions of seniors in Clackamas County in Oregon. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study on institutionalized and community dwelling older adults where participants completed a self-reported oral health survey, the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 questionnaire) and had clinical screenings...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165143/potentially-modifiable-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Nadia Reider, Amber R Salter, Gary R Cutter, Tuula Tyry, Ruth Ann Marrie
Physical activity levels among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) are worryingly low. We aimed to identify the factors associated with physical activity for people with MS, with an emphasis on factors that have not been studied previously (bladder and hand dysfunction) and are potentially modifiable. This study was a secondary analysis of data collected in the spring of 2012 during the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry. NARCOMS participants were surveyed regarding smoking using questions from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey; disability using the Patient Determined Disease Steps; fatigue, cognition, spasticity, sensory, bladder, vision and hand function using self-reported Performance Scales; health literacy using the Medical Term Recognition Test; and physical activity using questions from the Health Information National Trends Survey...
April 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122755/incorporating-a-pharmacist-into-an-interprofessional-team-providing-transgender-care-under-a-medical-home-model
#19
Cheyenne Newsome, Leslie Colip, Nathaniel Sharon, Jessica Conklin
PURPOSE: A pharmacist's role in providing care to transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) patients within a medical home model of care is described. SUMMARY: A comprehensive transgender services clinic was established in February 2015 in New Mexico. Clinic services are provided under an "informed consent" model of care, as opposed to the traditional "gatekeeper" approach. The clinic's interprofessional team consists of a clinical pharmacist, a psychiatrist, a nurse practitioner, an endocrinologist, a diabetes educator, a massage therapist, a nurse, a nutritionist, and medical assistants...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115299/effects-on-engagement-and-health-literacy-outcomes-of-web-based-materials-promoting-physical-activity-in-people-with-diabetes-an-international-randomized-trial
#20
Ingrid Muller, Alison Rowsell, Beth Stuart, Victoria Hayter, Paul Little, Kristin Ganahl, Gabriele Müller, Gerardine Doyle, Peter Chang, Courtney R Lyles, Don Nutbeam, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Developing accessible Web-based materials to support diabetes self-management in people with lower levels of health literacy is a continuing challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this international study was to develop a Web-based intervention promoting physical activity among people with type 2 diabetes to determine whether audiovisual presentation and interactivity (quizzes, planners, tailoring) could help to overcome the digital divide by making digital interventions accessible and effective for people with all levels of health literacy...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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