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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#1
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#2
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441934/health-literacy-in-childhood-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-models
#3
Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullich Bauer, Dirk Bruland, Sandra Schlupp, Torsten M Bollweg, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Emma Bond, Kristine Sørensen, Eva-Maria Bitzer, Susanne Jordan, Olga Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Graça S Carvalho, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Diane Levin-Zamir, Jürgen Pelikan, Diana Sahrai, Albert Lenz, Patricia Wahl, Malcolm Thomas, Fabian Kessl, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Children and young people constitute a core target group for health literacy research and practice: during childhood and youth, fundamental cognitive, physical and emotional development processes take place and health-related behaviours and skills develop. However, there is limited knowledge and academic consensus regarding the abilities and knowledge a child or young person should possess for making sound health decisions. The research presented in this review addresses this gap by providing an overview and synthesis of current understandings of health literacy in childhood and youth...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441697/hypertension-management-in-a-population-of-older-adults-in-rural-south-africa
#4
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Ryan G Wagner, Alisha Wade, Till W Bärnighausen, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
OBJECTIVE: Assess awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, as an indication of its management, in rural South Africa, especially regarding modifiers of these variables. METHODS: A population-representative sample of adults aged at least 40 years residing in the rural Agincourt subdistrict (Mpumalanga Province) covered by a long-term health and sociodemographic surveillance system was recruited. In-person interviews, physical exams, and dried blood spots were collected...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420244/occupation-based-practices-and-homelessness-a-scoping-review
#5
Laurence Roy, Catherine Vallée, Bonnie H Kirsh, Carrie Anne Marshall, Rebecca Marval, Alissa Low
BACKGROUND: Persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness have occupational needs that are seldom addressed in the Canadian system of care. The lack of documented evidence on occupational therapy practices in this field hinders the development of the profession. PURPOSE: This article identifies current and potential practices that aim to enable or support the occupations of persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted, including evidence from both occupational therapy and non-occupational therapy sources...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413842/-i-do-not-have-time-is-there-a-handout-i-can-use-combining-physicians-needs-and-behavior-change-theory-to-put-physical-activity-evidence-into-practice
#6
R E Clark, C McArthur, A Papaioannou, A M Cheung, J Laprade, L Lee, R Jain, L M Giangregorio
Guidelines for physical activity exist and following them would improve health. Physicians can advise patients on physical activity. We found barriers related to physicians' knowledge, a lack of tools and of physician incentives, and competing demands for limited time with a patient. We discuss interventions that could reduce these barriers. INTRODUCTION: Uptake of physical activity (PA) guidelines would improve health and reduce mortality in older adults. However, physicians face barriers in guideline implementation, particularly when faced with needing to tailor recommendations in the presence of chronic disease...
April 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#7
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#8
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382298/hiv-futures-8-protocol-for-a-repeated-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-survey-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-australia
#9
Jennifer Power, Graham Brown, Anthony Lyons, Rachel Thorpe, Gary W Dowsett, Jayne Lucke
INTRODUCTION: More than 27,000 Australians currently live with HIV. Most of these people have access to quality clinical care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) and can expect good general health. However, HIV-related stigma is a problem and many people living with HIV experience poorer than average mental health. Issues of aging are also of increasing concern. This paper describes the methods and sample for the HIV Futures 8 study, a national survey of people living with HIV in Australia that aimed to identify factors that support health and well-being among this population...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381394/using-smartphones-and-health-apps-to-change-and-manage-health-behaviors-a-population-based-survey
#10
Clemens Ernsting, Stephan U Dombrowski, Monika Oedekoven, Julie L O Sullivan, Melanie Kanzler, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Paul Gellert
BACKGROUND: Chronic conditions are an increasing challenge for individuals and the health care system. Smartphones and health apps are potentially promising tools to change health-related behaviors and manage chronic conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore (1) the extent of smartphone and health app use, (2) sociodemographic, medical, and behavioral correlates of smartphone and health app use, and (3) associations of the use of apps and app characteristics with actual health behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380073/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-adapting-and-evaluating-the-functional-assessment-of-hiv-infection-fahi-swahili-version-for-use-with-low-literacy-populations
#11
Moses K Nyongesa, Antipa Sigilai, Amin S Hassan, Janet Thoya, Rachael Odhiambo, Fons J R Van de Vijver, Charles R J C Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Despite bearing the largest HIV-related burden, little is known of the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. One of the factors contributing to this gap in knowledge is the lack of culturally adapted and validated measures of HRQoL that are relevant for this setting. AIMS: We set out to adapt the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) Questionnaire, an HIV-specific measure of HRQoL, and evaluate its internal consistency and validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374349/readability-of-orthopaedic-patient-reported-outcome-measures-is-there-a-fundamental-failure-to-communicate
#12
Jorge L Perez, Zachary A Mosher, Shawna L Watson, Evan D Sheppard, Eugene W Brabston, Gerald McGwin, Brent A Ponce
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to quantify patients' perceptions of functional ability. The American Medical Association and NIH suggest patient materials be written at or below 6th to 8th grade reading levels, respectively, yet one recent study asserts that few PROMs comply with these recommendations, and suggests that the majority of PROMs are written at too high of a reading level for self-administered patient use. Notably, this study was limited in its use of only one readability algorithm, although there is no commonly accepted, standard readability algorithm for healthcare-related materials...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371935/self-rated-health-literacy-is-associated-with-exercise-frequency-among-adults-aged-50-in-ireland
#13
S Gibney, G Doyle
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-rated health literacy and self-reported exercise frequency among people aged 50+ in Ireland. Data were from the European Health Literacy Survey (2011) a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of adults aged 15+ from eight countries. Health literacy was measured using composite indices (0-50, low to high) in three domains: healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion. Participants reported how often they exercised for 30 min or longer in the month prior to survey...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367774/the-singaporean-public-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness-results-from-a-multi-ethnic-population-based-study
#14
S Pang, M Subramaniam, S P Lee, Y W Lau, E Abdin, B Y Chua, L Picco, J A Vaingankar, S A Chong
AIMS: To identify the common causal beliefs of mental illness in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian community and describe the sociodemographic associations to said beliefs. The factor structure to the causal beliefs scale is explored. The causal beliefs relating to five different mental illnesses (alcohol abuse, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dementia and schizophrenia) and desire for social distance are also investigated. METHODS: Data from 3006 participants from a nationwide vignette-based study on mental health literacy were analysed using factor analysis and multiple logistic regression to address the aims...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303441/association-between-health-literacy-and-hypertension-management-in-a-chinese-community-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Di Shi, Jiangbo Li, Yong Wang, Si Wang, Kai Liu, Rufeng Shi, Qiang Zhang, Xiaoping Chen
Low health literacy is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The relationship between literacy and blood pressure (BP) has been inconsistent. We investigated the determinants of health literacy and the potential relationship between health literacy and hypertension management. We conducted a retrospective cohort trial of 360 hypertensive patients. Scale measurements, physical examination, and laboratory tests were performed based on a standard protocol. To determine factors associated with health literacy, multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and the discriminatory power of the scale score for hypertension control was assessed by the area under the receiver operating curve...
March 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302545/identifying-female-community-health-volunteers-understanding-and-motivations-about-blood-pressure-control-a-prerequisite-for-developing-community-based-interventions-for-hypertension-in-nepal
#16
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva R Mishra, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Health literacy and attitudes of female community health volunteers (FCHV) toward hypertension management in the context of Nepal are not well understood. Therefore, it is important to explore the potential for the effectiveness for blood pressure screening and perceptions on their likely ability to promote a blood pressure reduction at community level. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the knowledge and attitudes of FCHV related to hypertension prevention and control...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#17
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292571/health-literacy-and-quality-of-care-of-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#18
Emilie Zuercher, Ibrahima Dina Diatta, Bernard Burnand, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy (HL) may lead to poor health outcomes and inappropriate healthcare use, particularly in patients with chronic diseases. We aimed to assess the association between functional HL (FHL) and quality of care, as measured by process- and outcome-of-care indicators, in patients with diabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2013 CoDiab-VD cohort follow-up, which included non-institutionalised adults with diabetes from canton of Vaud, Switzerland...
June 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290760/translation-of-fit-strong-for-use-by-hispanics-with-arthritis-a-feasibility-trial-of-%C3%A2-en-forma-y-fuerte
#19
Cheryl Der Ananian, Renae Smith-Ray, Brad Meacham, Amy Shah, Susan Hughes
This study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of translating the evidence-based program, Fit & Strong! into a Spanish program, ¡En Forma y Fuerte!. A single-group, quasi-experimental design (n=34, mean age = 58.8 [8.1], 87.2% Female, 87.2% reported speaking mostly Spanish) was used to assess implementation feasibility and the impact of ¡En Forma y Fuerte! on arthritis-related outcomes in Hispanics with arthritis. Significant improvements in lower-extremity strength, perceived physical function and pain were observed from baseline to 8 weeks (p<0...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290733/comparing-mental-health-literacy-and-physical-health-literacy-an-exploratory-study
#20
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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