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Physical literacy

Natália Duarte, Susan L Hughes, Constança Paúl
Fit & Strong! is a physical activity/behavior change evidence-based intervention for persons with osteoarthritis (OA) that was developed and tested in USA. This article describes the development of a new culturally adapted Portuguese version of Fit & Strong!, reviews the methods used, and describes the new features of the Portuguese program. Six steps were implemented for the cultural adaptation: training the Portuguese research team, materials translation, needs assessment which includes literature review, focus group with older adults with lower extremity joint pain, interviews with experts about Fit & Strong! format and content, program instructor training, and pilot study and program implementation...
March 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Luana Leal Roberto, Daniele Durães Noronha, Taiane Oliveira Souza, Ellen Janayne Primo Miranda, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista De Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Desirée Sant'ana Haikal
This study sought to investigate factors associated with the lack of access to information on oral health among adults. It is a cross-sectional study, carried out among 831 adults (35-44 years of age). The dependent variable was access to information on how to avoid oral problems, and the independent variables were gathered into subgroups according to the theoretical model for literacy in health. Binary logistic regression was carried out, and results were corrected by the design effect. It was observed that 37...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Deepa Singal, Chantalle Menard, Christine J Neilson, Marni Brownell, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Albert Chudley, Ryan Zarychanski, Ahmed Abou-Setta
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to provide a protocol for a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of evidence from randomised controlled trials comparing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions with placebo/dummy interventions or usual standards of care in children and adolescents (<18 years old). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following electronic databases will be searched: Medline (Ovid), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Plus with Full text (EBSCO), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library-Wiley), PsycINFO (ProQuest) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses will be searched from inception to March 2017 for relevant citations of published trials using individualised search strategies prepared for database...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
K R Amlaiev, M G Gevandova, Kh T Dakhkilgova
The article presents analysis of social economic health determinants of parents of children with oncologic diseases. The evaluation of their satisfaction with accessibility of qualitative medical care was carried out. The questionnaire covered issues concerning medical social aspects of health and satisfaction with quality of medical care. the sampling included 284 parents of children with oncologic diseases receiving treatment in the profile departments of Krasnodar, Stavropol, Volgograd, Makhachkala, Grozny, Cherkessk, Nalchik and Astrakhan in August-September 2015...
July 2017: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Dori Pekmezi, Cole Ainsworth, Taylor Holly, Victoria Williams, Tanya Benitez, Kaiying Wang, Laura Q Rogers, Bess Marcus, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
Telephone-delivered interventions do not require frequent clinic visits, literacy, or costly technology and thus may represent promising approaches to promoting physical activity in the Deep South, a largely rural U.S. region, with generally lower physical activity, income, and education levels. Building on past Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system-based HIV studies and extensive formative research (11 focus groups on physical activity intervention needs/preferences in the Deep South), the resulting IVR-supported physical activity intervention is now being tested in a randomized controlled trial with a waitlist control...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Linda K Ko, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Sonia Bishop, Oralia Cisneros, Sarah Holte, Beti Thompson
BACKGROUND: Hispanic children are disproportionally overweight and obese compared to their non-Hispanic white counterparts in the US. Community-wide, multi-level interventions have been successful to promote healthier nutrition, increased physical activity (PA), and weight loss. Using community-based participatory approach (CBPR) that engages community members in rural Hispanic communities is a promising way to promote behavior change, and ultimately weight loss among Hispanic children...
February 28, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Beverly E Thorn, Joshua C Eyer, Benjamin P Van Dyke, Calia A Torres, John W Burns, Minjung Kim, Andrea K Newman, Lisa C Campbell, Brian Anderson, Phoebe R Block, Bentley J Bobrow, Regina Brooks, Toya T Burton, Jennifer S Cheavens, Colette M DeMonte, William D DeMonte, Crystal S Edwards, Minjeong Jeong, Mazheruddin M Mulla, Terence Penn, Laura J Smith, Deborah H Tucker
Background: Chronic pain is common and challenging to treat. Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is efficacious, its benefit in disadvantaged populations is largely unknown. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of literacy-adapted and simplified group CBT versus group pain education (EDU) versus usual care. Design: Randomized controlled trial. ( NCT01967342). Setting: Community health centers serving low-income patients in Alabama...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Laura J Chavez, Connor Grannis, Millie Dolce, Deena J Chisolm
BACKGROUND: Caring for teens with special health care needs places physical and mental health burdens on parents, which can be exacerbated by the stresses of transitions to independence. Medical homes can improve teen transitions to greater self-management and reduce health care-related time and financial burdens for families. This analysis examines the association between parent-reported teen medical home status and caregiver health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: The study sample included parents/caregivers of teens with special health care needs, ages 15-18, recruited from a pediatric Medicaid accountable care organization who participated in a survey (response rate=40...
February 22, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Rebecca L Jessup, Richard H Osborne, Alison Beauchamp, Allison Bourne, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Health literacy refers to an individual's ability to find, understand and use health information in order to promote and maintain health. An individual's health literacy may also be influenced by the way health care organisations deliver care. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hospital service type (public versus private) on individual health literacy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ), a multi-dimensional self-report instrument covering nine health literacy domains...
February 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Rebecca Ashkenazy, Mary Elizabeth Peterson
There are powerful demographic, political, and environmental trends shaping women's health. Increases in life expectancy, literacy, and empowerment are fueling expansions in education and advocacy. Research and development focuses on women's health and fertility across an expanded age spectrum. There is also a cultural emphasis on antiaging and aesthetics. In parallel, the digital revolution is changing how health care is accessed by and delivered to women. A women's journey through menopause is at the crossroads of these transformations...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
Michala Lustigova, Dagmar Dzurova, Hynek Pikhart, Ruzena Kubinova, Martin Bobak
BACKGROUND: In the late 1980s, Czechia was among the countries which had the highest cardiovascular mortality in the world. In spite of enormous improvements since that time, there are still large opportunities in further improving cardiovascular health. METHODS: Based on the Czech Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial Factors in Eastern Europe sample (n=8449 at baseline, 12 years of follow-up, 494 cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths up to 2015-events), the impact of selected covariates such as education, smoking habits, high blood pressure, blood cholesterol level, diabetes, obesity, physical activity and binge drinking and their multifactorial effects on cardiovascular mortality was evaluated by Cox regression...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Michael S Wolf, Samuel G Smith, Anjali U Pandit, David M Condon, Laura M Curtis, James Griffith, Rachel O'Conor, Steven Rush, Stacy C Bailey, Gordon Kaplan, Vincent Haufle, David Martin
BACKGROUND: Although there has been increasing interest in patient engagement, few measures are publicly available and suitable for patients with limited health literacy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a Consumer Health Activation Index (CHAI) for use among diverse patients. METHODS: Expert opinion, a systematic literature review, focus groups, and cognitive interviews with patients were used to create and revise a potential set of items...
February 1, 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Clayton R Cook, Stephen P Kilgus, Matthew K Burns
School psychology research and practice has considerable room for growth to go beyond "did an intervention work?" to "what intervention worked for whom and how did it work?" The latter question reflects a more precise understanding of intervention, and involves strategic efforts to enhance the precision of services students with academic, behavioral, emotional, or physical health problems receive to enhance the degree to which interventions are appropriately tailored to and produce benefit for individual students...
February 2018: Journal of School Psychology
Guido Giunti, Jan Kool, Octavio Rivera Romero, Enrique Dorronzoro Zubiete
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the world's most common neurologic disorders, with symptoms such as fatigue, cognitive problems, and issues with mobility. Evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) helps people with MS reduce fatigue and improve quality of life. The use of mobile technologies for health has grown in recent years with little involvement from relevant stakeholders. User-centered design (UCD) is a design philosophy with the goal of creating solutions specific to the needs and tasks of the intended users...
February 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Avery D Faigenbaum
The good news is that a growing body of evidence recognizes resistance training as foundational to long-term physical development. Original research and reviews published in 2017 conclude that early exposure to developmentally appropriate resistance training can improve markers of health, increase muscular fitness, enhance physical literacy, and reduce the risk of injury in young athletes. Although the papers discussed in the commentary add to our understanding of the pleiotropic benefits of youth resistance training, they also raise concerns...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Natalie Kružliaková, Paul A Estabrooks, Wen You, Valisa Hedrick, Kathleen Porter, Michaela Kiernan, Jamie Zoellner
BACKGROUND: A pragmatic, self-reported physical activity measure is needed for individuals of varying health literacy status. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a 6-month behavioral intervention for rural Appalachian adults developed using health literacy strategies. We examined the relationship and responsiveness of the Stanford Leisure-Time Activity Categorical Item (L-Cat) and adapted Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ) and determined if baseline health literacy status moderates intervention effects...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jo-Ann Giandinoto, John Stephenson, Karen-Leigh Edward
The stigmatization of mental health is present in general hospital settings impacting quality of care. We hypothesized that health professionals in these areas would elicit negative attitudes and a perceived level of dangerousness across a range of mental health disorders. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine these attitudes and perceptions. We searched the bibliographic databases of CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection in May 2017 (no date parameters were set)...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
LaPrincess C Brewer, Sarah Jenkins, Kandace Lackore, Jacqueline Johnson, Clarence Jones, Lisa A Cooper, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Sharonne N Hayes, Christi Patten
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) interventions are promising avenues to promote cardiovascular (CV) health among African-Americans (AAs) and culturally tailored technology-based interventions are emerging for this population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to recruit AAs into a pilot intervention study of an innovative mHealth CV health promotion program and to characterize technology use patterns and eHealth literacy (EHL)...
January 31, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Michael R Kauth, Terri L Barrera, David M Latini
This study explored the characteristics of lesbian, gay, and transgender veteran users of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) services and nonusers, using a national convenience sample. Participants responded to an online, anonymous survey posted on LGBT websites and forwarded through personal contacts, using a snow-ball sampling strategy, resulting in a final sample of 218. Most participants were enrolled in VHA (n = 151). VHA users were older, more ethnically diverse, had less income, and were less public about their sexual or gender minority identity than nonusers...
January 25, 2018: Psychological Services
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