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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#1
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140898/a-construct-validation-study-of-playfun
#2
John Cairney, Scott Veldhuizen, Jeffrey D Graham, Christine Rodriguez, Chloe Bedard, Emily Bremer, Dean Kriellaars
INTRODUCTION: PLAYfun is a measure of motor competence, comprehension and confidence which is part of a suite of scales used to assess physical literacy in children and youth. However, its measurement properties have not been reported in the published literature. The purpose of this study is to examine the factor structure of PLAYfun, in addition to variations in PLAYfun subscale results by age and sex. METHOD: In this study, we use a sample of children and youth aged 7 to 14 years (n=215) to test a proposed factor structure for the motor competence component of PLAYfun and to examine age and sex differences in subscale and total scores...
November 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#3
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#4
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128304/symptoms-of-mental-illness-and-their-impact-on-managing-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#5
Adriana Cimo, Carolyn S Dewa
OBJECTIVES: People with mental illnesses are more likely to experience diabetes-related complications that can reduce life expectancy by 10 to 15 years. Diabetes management and outcomes can be improved when lifestyle interventions addressing healthful eating habits and physical activity use content tailored to the learning needs of individuals or groups. Understanding the challenges that prevent adherence to diabetes recommendations can start to inform the design of tailored diabetes education care...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#6
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096534/the-doctor-patient-relationship-and-patient-resilience-in-chronic-pain-a-qualitative-approach-to-patients-perspectives
#7
Lilla Náfrádi, Zlatina Kostova, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
Objectives To study patients' perspectives about the role of the doctor-patient relationship in promoting the resilience process. Methods We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 chronic pain patients. Using open-ended questions, the interviews explored aspects of the doctor-patient relationship that impacted the patients' perceptions of their resilience. Thematic analysis built on an inductive, adaptive approach to data coding was employed to organize a representation of key factors affecting resilience. Results The themes emerging from the interviews inform us about how the different aspects of the doctor-patient relationship can promote patient resilience in chronic pain...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094960/overconfidence-among-beginners-is-a-little-learning-a-dangerous-thing
#8
Carmen Sanchez, David Dunning
Across 6 studies we investigated the development of overconfidence among beginners. In 4 of the studies, participants completed multicue probabilistic learning tasks (e.g., learning to diagnose "zombie diseases" from physical symptoms). Although beginners did not start out overconfident in their judgments, they rapidly surged to a "beginner's bubble" of overconfidence. This bubble was traced to exuberant and error-filled theorizing about how to approach the task formed after just a few learning experiences...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094762/positive-discipline-harsh-physical-discipline-physical-discipline-and-psychological-aggression-in-five-caribbean-countries-associations-with-preschoolers-early-literacy-skills
#9
Elif Dede Yildirim, Jaipaul L Roopnarine
Physical punishment has received worldwide attention because of its negative impact on children's cognitive and social development and its implications for children's rights. Using UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 4 and 5 data, we assessed the associations between positive discipline, harsh physical punishment, physical punishment and psychological aggression and preschoolers' literacy skills in 5628 preschool-aged children and their caregivers in the developing nations of Belize, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica and Suriname...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083982/stop-the-spam-conference-ethics-and-decoding-the-subtext-in-post-truth-science-what-would-denis-diderot-say
#10
Vural Özdemir, Collet Dandara, Nezih Hekim, Kean Birch, Simon Springer, Tanja Kunej, Laszlo Endrenyi
Science and its practice always had a subtext, subject to influence by scientists', funders', and other innovation actors' values and assumptions. The recent emergence of post-truth, authoritarian and populist penchants, in both developed and developing countries, has further blurred the already fluid boundaries between material scientific facts and their social construction/shaping by scientific subtext, human values, powers, and hegemony. While there are certain checks, balances, and oversight mechanisms for publication ethics, other pillars of science communication, most notably, scientific conferences and their governance, are ill prepared for post-truth science...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064430/nature-elements-and-fundamental-motor-skill-development-opportunities-at-five-elementary-school-districts-in-british-columbia
#11
Christopher Lim, Andrew M Donovan, Nevin J Harper, Patti-Jean Naylor
The majority of Canadian children are not physically active enough for healthy development. School playgrounds are a primary location to promote physical activity and motor skill practice. The benefits of children's play in nature have also been highlighted, but few studies have evaluated children's access and exposure to nature for play on school grounds. This study examined children's access to nature on school grounds and the opportunities afforded by those natural elements for motor skill practice. RESULTS: Extensive naturescapes (multiple nature elements in one setting) were not common, and natural elements were limited, ranging from 1...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039291/asset-literacy-following-stroke-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#12
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016895/the-accuracy-of-a-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-general-practice
#13
Rosalind Gittins, Molly Howard, Ameer Ghodke, Timothy J Ives, Paul Chelminski
Objective: To compare the characteristics of people with fibromyalgia (FM) with those with other forms of nonmalignant chronic pain. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted in a chronic pain management clinic within an academic medical center. Setting. : Many symptoms of the chronic pain syndrome FM are common to other pain or musculoskeletal syndromes. FM may be misdiagnosed by clinicians. Subjects: Thirty-three patients with a working diagnosis of FM were identified: 26 (78...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972527/the-relevance-of-health-literacy-to-mhealth
#14
Gary L Kreps
This chapter examines the importance of health literacy to the design and use of mobile digital health information technology (mHealth) applications. Over the past two decades mHealth has evolved to become a major health communication channel for delivering health care, promoting health, and tracking health behaviors. Yet, there are serious communication challenges that must be addressed concerning the best way to design and utilize mHealth application to achieve key health promotion goals, including assuring the appropriateness and effectiveness of mHealth messaging for audiences with different communication competencies, styles, and health literacy levels, to ensure that mHealth applications are truly effective tools for health promotion...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957032/the-influence-of-parental-health-literacy-status-on-reach-attendance-retention-and-outcomes-in-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-program-virginia-2013-2015
#15
Jamie M Zoellner, Jennie Hill, Wen You, Donna Brock, Madlyn Frisard, Ramine Alexander, Fabiana Silva, Bryan Price, Ruby Marshall, Paul A Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Few interventions have evaluated the influence of parent health literacy (HL) status on weight-related child outcomes. This study explores how parent HL affects the reach, attendance, and retention of and outcomes in a 3-month multicomponent family-based program to treat childhood obesity (iChoose). METHODS: This pre-post, quasiexperimental trial occurred in the Dan River Region, a federally designated medically underserved area. iChoose research protocol and intervention strategies were designed using an HL universal precautions approach...
September 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955414/clinic-outcomes-of-the-pathway-to-care-model-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-adolescent-depression-in-malawi
#16
Stanley Kutcher, Michael Udedi, Heather Gilberds, Adena Brown, Rex Chapota, Kevin Perkins
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease and often has an onset during adolescence. While effective treatments are available, many low-income countries, such as Malawi, lack appropriately trained health providers in community health settings, and this limits access to effective mental healthcare for young people with depression. To address this need, a Canadian-developed youth depression Pathway to Care Model, linking school-based mental health literacy interventions to training of community healthcare providers, was adapted for use in Malawi and successfully applied...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954690/a-two-way-street-reciprocal-teaching-and-learning-in-refugee-health
#17
Timothy James Martin, Coen Butters, Linny Phuong
The Water Well Project is a health promotion charity that aims to improve the health literacy of individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant backgrounds. Health literacy is an important predictor of health status, but many Australians cannot demonstrate functional health literacy, and individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds are at higher risk of poor health literacy. The primary participants of The Water Well Project's health education sessions are individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant background, who are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality due to a range of factors...
September 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#18
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877636/is-the-newest-vital-sign-a-useful-measure-of-health-literacy-in-hiv-disease
#19
Victoria M Kordovski, Steven Paul Woods, Gunes Avci, Marizela Verduzco, Erin E Morgan
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy is common among persons infected with HIV and has been linked to poor mental and physical health outcomes, but there are no well-validated screening measures of health literacy in this vulnerable clinical population. The present study evaluates the usefulness of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) as a brief measure of health literacy in HIV disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight HIV+ adults were administered the NVS, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), and Single Item Literacy Screener (SILS)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877200/risk-factors-of-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-in-queensland-prevalence-attitudes-crash-risk-perception-and-task-management-strategies
#20
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Mark King, Md Mazharul Haque, Simon Washington
Distracted driving is one of the most significant human factor issues in transport safety. Mobile phone interactions while driving may involve a multitude of cognitive and physical resources that result in inferior driving performance and reduced safety margins. The current study investigates characteristics of usage, risk factors, compensatory strategies in use and characteristics of high-frequency offenders of mobile phone use while driving. A series of questions were administered to drivers in Queensland (Australia) using an on-line questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
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