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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803249/a-brief-outline-of-the-use-of-new-technologies-for-treating-substance-use-disorders-in-the-european-union
#1
GianLuca Quaglio, Arnt Schellekens, Matthijs Blankers, Eva Hoch, Theodoros Karapiperis, Giovanni Esposito, Helmut Brand, David Nutt, Falk Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Clinicians in the field of drug addiction have started to exploit the growth of Technology-Based Interventions (TBIs). However, there is little information on how health personnel evaluate them. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 20 European experts. RESULTS: All of the interviewees recognised TBIs as a valuable tool to improve the management of substance-use disorders (SUDs). Most interviewees indicated that combining both traditional face-to-face therapist-patient clinic appointment with TBIs is probably the most effective method...
August 12, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791616/addressing-cultural-determinants-of-health-for-latino-and-hmong-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-practical-strategies-to-reduce-health-disparities
#2
Linda Park, R J Schwei, P Xiong, E A Jacobs
We explored how addressing culture may improve patient-provider relationships and reduce health disparities for racial and ethnic individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP). We analyzed qualitative data collected to explore health disparities in preventive cancer screenings for Hmong and Spanish-speaking LEP patients in a large Midwest healthcare system. We interviewed 20 participants (10 from each group) and the audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim, then back translated focusing on meaning...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765136/internet-based-support-for-self-management-strategies-for-people-with-copd-protocol-for-a-controlled-pragmatic-pilot-trial-of-effectiveness-and-a-process-evaluation-in-primary-healthcare
#3
André Nyberg, Karin Wadell, Helena Lindgren, Malin Tistad
INTRODUCTION: The use of adequate self-management strategies for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduces healthcare use, improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after acute exacerbations. However, not many people with COPD receive support that promotes the use of such strategies and therefore new methods to facilitate and promote the use of self-management strategies are highly warranted. This pilot trial aims to evaluate the feasibility of the study design and study procedures considering effectiveness of the novel intervention, the COPD-web...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731385/kids-sip-smarter-a-feasibility-study-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-middle-school-youth-in-central-appalachia
#4
Hannah Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Vivica Kraak, Jamie Zoellner
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of Kids SIP smartER, a school-based intervention to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). DESIGN: Matched-contact randomized crossover study with mixed-methods analysis. SETTING: One middle school in rural, Appalachian Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four sixth and seventh graders (5 classrooms) received Kids SIP smartER in random order over 2 intervention periods. Feasibility outcomes were assessed among 2 teachers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714836/the-importance-of-the-evaluation-of-expectations-and-perceptions-to-improve-the-dental-service-quality
#5
Juliana Rocha, Andres Pinto, Marilia Batista, Janice Simpson de Paula, Glaucia Ambrosano
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the use of SERVQUAL to assess service quality in Dentistry, by evaluating patients' expectations and perceptions of dental care and their association to patients' sociodemographic data. Design/methodology/approach The sample constituted of 379 subjects in the first assessment and 155 in the second phase. All employees of the companies that were clients of the dental insurance participated, a total of four companies in two states (São Paulo and Minas Gerais) of Brazil...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707495/individualizing-the-selection-of-long-acting-bronchodilator-therapy-for-patients-with-copd-considerations-in-primary-care
#6
Brian W Carlin, Sandra K Schuldheisz, Imre Noth, Gerard J Criner
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common condition encountered in primary care settings. COPD remains the third leading cause of death in the United States and carries a significant burden to both patients and the healthcare system. COPD is a chronic, progressive, irreversible lung disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Proper assessment and diagnosis requires spirometry which is currently underutilized in primary care. Management is focused on adequate symptom control, improving quality of breathing and quality of life, and preventing exacerbations and hospitalizations...
July 24, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698971/living-with-diabetes-personal-interviews-with-pakistani-women-in-norway
#7
Walaa Abuelmagd, Helle Håkonsen, Khadijah Qurrat-Ul-Ain Mahmood, Najmeh Taghizadeh, Else-Lydia Toverud
The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Pakistani women in Norway is remarkably high. This study aims to assess how they live with the disease and their response to lifestyle and medical information. 120 Pakistani women living in Norway (mean age: 55.7 years) were personally interviewed about their T2D using a structured questionnaire (response rate: 95%). The participants were first-generation immigrants (mean residence time: 28.7 years) of whom 27% were illiterates. Poor health was reported by one-third, and 71% had developed macrovascular comorbidities...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683743/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-among-frequent-users-of-health-care-services-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Éva Marjorie Couture, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Martin Fortin, Catherine Hudon
BACKGROUND: Although health literacy and quality of life are important concepts in health care, the link between them is unclear, especially for a population of frequent users of health care services with chronic diseases. Low health literacy is a common problem that has been linked to several negative health outcomes. Quality of life is an important health outcome in patient-centered care. Frequent users of health care services are a vulnerable population that deserves attention due to high costs and negative outcomes such as lower quality of life and higher mortality...
July 6, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677991/purpose-in-life-and-positive-health-outcomes-among-older-adults
#9
Shirley Musich, Shaohung S Wang, Sandra Kraemer, Kevin Hawkins, Ellen Wicker
Purpose in life (PIL) is conceptualized as having goals, a sense of direction, and a feeling that there is meaning to present and past life. PIL has been associated with positive health outcomes among older adults, including fewer chronic conditions, less disability, and reduced mortality. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of PIL among AARP Medicare Supplement insureds, identify associated characteristics, and measure impact on selected health outcomes. In 2016, surveys were sent to a random stratified sample; PIL was measured using a 7-item scale with 5 responses...
July 5, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673131/health-literacy-and-participation-in-sports-club-activities-among-adolescents
#10
Leena Paakkari, Sami Kokko, Jari Villberg, Olli Paakkari, Jorma Tynjälä
AIMS: The aim of this research was to compare the levels of perceived health literacy among adolescents who do or do not participate in sports club activities. Organized sport club activities reach a high proportion of adolescents, and have the potential to contribute to the development of their health literacy. METHODS: The cross-sectional data on health literacy among school children in Finland (aged 13 and 15, n=3852) were measured, as a part of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study, using the Health Literacy for School-aged Children (HLSAC) instrument...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669236/differences-in-nativity-age-and-gender-may-impact-health-behavior-and-perspectives-among-asian-indians
#11
Sohini Dhar, Beverly Gor, Deborah Banerjee, Sunil Krishnan, V K Dorai, Lovell Jones, Kanchan Kabad, Lakshmi Rai Naik, Sewa S Legha, Mala Pande
OBJECTIVE: Identify health perspectives among Asian Indians in greater Houston area, to guide a tailored community wide survey. DESIGN: Four focus groups of different ages, gender, and nativity were conducted at which participants were asked for their opinions about specific health topics. Key informant interviews were conducted with ten community leaders to validate focus group responses. Recordings from focus groups and key informant interviews were transcribed and analyzed...
July 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667501/a-review-of-hip-hop-based-interventions-for-health-literacy-health-behaviors-and-mental-health
#12
Cendrine Robinson, Elizabeth L Seaman, LaTrice Montgomery, Adia Winfrey
OBJECTIVE: African-American children and adolescents experience an undue burden of disease for many health outcomes compared to their White peers. More research needs to be completed for this priority population to improve their health outcomes and ameliorate health disparities. Integrating hip hop music or hip hop dance into interventions may help engage African-American youth in health interventions and improve their health outcomes. We conducted a review of the literature to characterize hip hop interventions and determine their potential to improve health...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651450/determinants-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-control-study
#13
Berhanu Elfu Feleke
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus is glucose intolerance first recognized during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to identify the determinant factors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the profile of study participants and binary logistic regression was used to identify the determinants of gestational diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: Gestational diabetes mellitus was associated with history of abortion (AOR 5...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646250/assessing-competence-at-a-higher-level-among-older-adults-development-of-the-japan-science-and-technology-agency-index-of-competence-jst-ic
#14
Hajime Iwasa, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Yuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Shimada, Rika Otsuka, Kazunori Kikuchi, Kumiko Nonaka, Hiroto Yoshida, Hideyo Yoshida, Takao Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Older adults' ever-improving health and changing lifestyles necessitate the development of a scale that can better measure their competence at a higher level. We developed the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence (JST-IC) via item analysis and assessed its psychometric properties. METHODS: Participants were 1306 community-dwelling older adults (623 men and 683 women, 74.0 ± 2.8 years old) who completed the 54-item draft JST-IC to determine their level of independence...
June 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559092/low-health-literacy-and-healthcare-utilization-among-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-switzerland
#15
Sarah Mantwill, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the association between functional health literacy and knowledge on when to seek medical help for potentially harmless (overutilization) or serious (underutilization) situations among immigrants and non-immigrants in Switzerland. METHODS: Data was collected among three immigrant groups and the native population (N=1146) in the German- and Italian-speaking part of Switzerland. Health literacy was assessed with the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy (S-TOFHLA) and three Brief Health Literacy Screeners...
May 13, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558904/depression-in-diabetes-mellitus-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-literature-from-an-indian-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Kamal Nath
Diabetes and depression are rapidly growing chronic health conditions that have significant negative impact upon the physical, psychological, social and occupational functioning, quality of life and often leads to socio-economic burden. Presence of both these comorbid diseases results in various short term and long term complications and increases the mortality as compared to those with depression or diabetes alone. OBJECTIVES: Systematic review of the epidemiological data, risk factors and relationship between depression and glycaemic control among the Indian studies...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#17
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535772/rural-urban-difference-in-the-use-of-annual-physical-examination-among-seniors-in-shandong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dandan Ge, Jie Chu, Chengchao Zhou, Yangyang Qian, Li Zhang, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Regular physical examination contributes to early detection and timely treatment, which is helpful in promoting healthy behaviors and preventing diseases. The objective of this study is to compare the annual physical examination (APE) use between rural and urban elderly in China. METHODS: A total of 3,922 participants (60+) were randomly selected from three urban districts and three rural counties in Shandong Province, China, and were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire...
May 23, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520551/strategies-for-sustained-weight-management-perspectives-from-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Felicia Hill-Briggs
Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify effective strategies for sustained weight management used by African American patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods In this study, nominal group technique was used to identify effective strategies for weight management used by 12 African Americans with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes who successfully lost or maintained their weight after completing DECIDE (Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday), a 9-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training program...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514989/help-seeking-intentions-for-anxiety-among-older-adults
#20
Katrina Anderson, Tushara Wickramariyaratne, Annaliese Blair
Mental health practices are not working for older people with anxiety in residential care, as there is a persistent lack of recognition and treatment. This suggests that alternative ways of reaching and meeting the needs of this population need to be explored. One possibility involves enabling older adults themselves to seek help. The current work explored various factors impacting on help-seeking behaviours. In total, 105 participants from independent living units in a residential care setting completed a questionnaire focusing on attitudes and stigma towards anxiety, likelihood to seek help, help-seeking barriers and literacy around the symptoms of anxiety...
May 18, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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