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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190915/the-employment-environment-for-youth-in-rural-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Andra Wilkinson, Audrey Pettifor, Molly Rosenberg, Carolyn Halpern, Harsha Thirumurthy, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn
South Africa has high youth unemployment. This paper examines the predictors of youth employment in rural Agincourt, Mpumalanga Province. A survey of 187 out-of-school 18-24 year olds found only 12% of women and 38% of men were currently employed. Men with skills/training were significantly more likely to report employment, mostly physical labour (aOR: 4.5; CI: 1.3, 15.3). In-depth interviews with 14 of the youth revealed women are perceived more suitable for formal employment, which is scarce informing why women were more likely to pursue further education and yet less likely to be employed...
2017: Development Southern Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182041/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
M Manavalan, A Majumdar, K T Harichandra Kumar, P S Priyamvada
Health-related quality of life is an important, yet neglected aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care. We evaluated the quality of life and its determinants across CKD 3 to 5D using a kidney disease specific tool (Kidney Disease Quality of Life-SF™) in an underprivileged, predominantly rural population with high rates of illiteracy and unemployment. The scores of individual domains were summarized to three composite scores - physical composite summary (PCS), mental composite summary (MCS), and kidney disease component summary score (KDCS)(...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181683/oral-health-needs-dental-care-utilization-and-quality-of-life-perceptions-among-oregonian-seniors
#3
Richie Kohli, Harjit S Sehgal, Sandra Nelson, Eli Schwarz
BACKGROUND: For a relevant planning process and advocate for improvement in oral health conditions of the senior population up-to-date data are necessary. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, dental care utilization and quality of life perceptions of seniors in Clackamas County in Oregon. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study on institutionalized and community dwelling older adults where participants completed a self-reported oral health survey, the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 questionnaire) and had clinical screenings...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165143/potentially-modifiable-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Nadia Reider, Amber R Salter, Gary R Cutter, Tuula Tyry, Ruth Ann Marrie
Physical activity levels among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) are worryingly low. We aimed to identify the factors associated with physical activity for people with MS, with an emphasis on factors that have not been studied previously (bladder and hand dysfunction) and are potentially modifiable. This study was a secondary analysis of data collected in the spring of 2012 during the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry. NARCOMS participants were surveyed regarding smoking using questions from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey; disability using the Patient Determined Disease Steps; fatigue, cognition, spasticity, sensory, bladder, vision and hand function using self-reported Performance Scales; health literacy using the Medical Term Recognition Test; and physical activity using questions from the Health Information National Trends Survey...
February 6, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122755/incorporating-a-pharmacist-into-an-interprofessional-team-providing-transgender-care-under-a-medical-home-model
#5
Cheyenne Newsome, Leslie Colip, Nathaniel Sharon, Jessica Conklin
PURPOSE: A pharmacist's role in providing care to transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) patients within a medical home model of care is described. SUMMARY: A comprehensive transgender services clinic was established in February 2015 in New Mexico. Clinic services are provided under an "informed consent" model of care, as opposed to the traditional "gatekeeper" approach. The clinic's interprofessional team consists of a clinical pharmacist, a psychiatrist, a nurse practitioner, an endocrinologist, a diabetes educator, a massage therapist, a nurse, a nutritionist, and medical assistants...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115299/effects-on-engagement-and-health-literacy-outcomes-of-web-based-materials-promoting-physical-activity-in-people-with-diabetes-an-international-randomized-trial
#6
Ingrid Muller, Alison Rowsell, Beth Stuart, Victoria Hayter, Paul Little, Kristin Ganahl, Gabriele Müller, Gerardine Doyle, Peter Chang, Courtney R Lyles, Don Nutbeam, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Developing accessible Web-based materials to support diabetes self-management in people with lower levels of health literacy is a continuing challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this international study was to develop a Web-based intervention promoting physical activity among people with type 2 diabetes to determine whether audiovisual presentation and interactivity (quizzes, planners, tailoring) could help to overcome the digital divide by making digital interventions accessible and effective for people with all levels of health literacy...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062133/cognitive-ability-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-two-year-survival-in-first-myocardial-infarction-men-a-swedish-national-registry-study
#7
John Wallert, Guy Madison, Claes Held, Erik Olsson
BACKGROUND: General cognitive ability (CA) is positively associated with later physical and mental health, health literacy, and longevity. We investigated whether CA estimated approximately 30years earlier in young adulthood predicted lifestyle-related risk factors and two-year survival in first myocardial infarction (MI) male patients. METHODS: Young adulthood CA estimated through psychometric testing at age 18-20years was obtained from the mandatory military conscript registry (INSARK) and linked to national quality registry SWEDEHEART/RIKS-HIA data on smoking, diabetes, hypertension, obesity (BMI>30kg/m(2)) in 60years or younger Swedish males with first MI...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025538/the-impact-of-health-literacy-status-on-the-comparative-validity-and-sensitivity-of-an-interactive-multimedia-beverage-intake-questionnaire
#8
Lucy P Hooper, Emily A Myers, Jamie M Zoellner, Brenda M Davy, Valisa E Hedrick
Self-reported dietary assessment methods can be challenging to validate, and reporting errors for those with lower health literacy (HL) may be augmented. Interactive multimedia (IMM) based questionnaires could help overcome these limitations. The objectives of this investigation are to assess the comparative validity and sensitivity to change of an IMM beverage intake questionnaire (IMM-BEVQ) as compared to dietary recalls and determine the impact of HL. Adults completed three 24-h dietary recalls and the IMM-BEVQ at baseline and after a six-month intervention targeting either sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or physical activity...
December 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969053/self-management-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-and-its-association-with-sociodemographic-and-clinical-variables
#9
Lan Wang, Annette Nygårdh, Yue Zhao, Jan Mårtensson
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the status of self-management in patients with COPD and its associations with sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 154 patients with COPD (mean age, 73 years) at four hospitals in Tianjin, China. The COPD Self-Management Scale was used to describe the level of self-management, and its associations with sociodemographic and clinical variables were examined with multiple regression analysis...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965863/a-theory-informed-approach-to-developing-visually-mediated-interventions-to-change-behaviour-using-an-asthma-and-physical-activity-intervention-exemplar
#10
Jennifer Murray, Brian Williams, Gaylor Hoskins, Silje Skar, John McGhee, Shaun Treweek, Falko F Sniehotta, Aziz Sheikh, Gordon Brown, Suzanne Hagen, Linda Cameron, Claire Jones, Dylan Gauld
BACKGROUND: Visualisation techniques are used in a range of healthcare interventions. However, these frequently lack a coherent rationale or clear theoretical basis. This lack of definition and explicit targeting of the underlying mechanisms may impede the success of and evaluation of the intervention. We describe the theoretical development, deployment, and pilot evaluation, of a complex visually mediated behavioural intervention. The exemplar intervention focused on increasing physical activity among young people with asthma...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940795/children-and-adolescents-and-digital-media
#11
Yolanda Linda Reid Chassiakos, Jenny Radesky, Dimitri Christakis, Megan A Moreno, Corinn Cross
Today's children and adolescents are immersed in both traditional and new forms of digital media. Research on traditional media, such as television, has identified health concerns and negative outcomes that correlate with the duration and content of viewing. Over the past decade, the use of digital media, including interactive and social media, has grown, and research evidence suggests that these newer media offer both benefits and risks to the health of children and teenagers. Evidence-based benefits identified from the use of digital and social media include early learning, exposure to new ideas and knowledge, increased opportunities for social contact and support, and new opportunities to access health promotion messages and information...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921632/access-to-healthcare-services-during-incarceration-among-female-inmates
#12
Rabia Ahmed, Cybele Angel, Rebecca Martel, Diane Pyne, Louanne Keenan
Purpose Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, in addition to substance use disorder and mental health illness, when compared to the general population ( Binswanger et al., 2009 ; Fazel et al., 2006 ; Fuentes, 2013; Kouyoumdjian et al., 2012 ). Women often enter the correctional system in poor health, making incarceration an opportunity to address health issues. The purpose of this paper is to explore the barriers to accessing health services that female inmates face during incarceration, the consequences to their health, and implications for correctional health services delivery...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859877/health-literacy-and-physical-activity-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#13
Leigh C Plummer, Kerry A Chalmers
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity after a diagnosis of breast cancer is associated with many health benefits. Health literacy has been shown to relate to physical activity, but there is limited research on this relationship. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between health literacy and physical activity in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Specifically, we examined which of Nutbeam's 3 levels of health literacy (functional, interactive, and critical health literacy) predicted physical activity in women who have completed treatment for breast cancer...
November 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848733/results-from-south-korea-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#14
Yoonkyung Song, Hyuk In Yang, Eun-Young Lee, Mi-Seong Yu, Min Jae Kang, Hyun Joo Kang, Wook Song, YeonSoo Kim, Hyon Park, Han Joo Lee, Sang-Hoon Suh, John C Spence, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND: South Korea's 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the first assessment of physical activity according to the indicators set by Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance. METHODS: National surveys were used as preferred sources of data. This was then supported by peer-reviewed papers and government reports identified by a systematic search of the literature written in English or Korean. A Research Working Group then graded indicators based on the collected evidence...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848727/results-from-canada-s-2016-participaction-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#15
Joel D Barnes, Christine Cameron, Valerie Carson, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Guy E J Faulkner, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Roger Kramers, Allana G LeBlanc, John C Spence, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the most comprehensive assessment of child and youth physical activity in Canada and provides an update or "state of the nation" that assesses how Canada is doing at promoting and facilitating physical activity opportunities for children and youth. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the results of the 2016 ParticipACTION Report Card. METHODS: Twelve physical activity indicators were graded by a committee of experts using a process that was informed by the best available evidence...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848724/results-from-wales-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth-is-wales-turning-the-tide-on-children-s-inactivity
#16
Richard Tyler, Marianne Mannello, Rebecca Mattingley, Chris Roberts, Robert Sage, Suzan R Taylor, Malcolm Ward, Simon Williams, Gareth Stratton
BACKGROUND: This is the second Active Healthy Kids Wales Report Card. The 2016 version consolidates and translates research related to physical activity (PA) among children and youth in Wales, and aims to raise the awareness of children's engagement in PA and sedentary behaviors. METHODS: Ten PA indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids-Canada Report Card methodology involving a synthesis and expert consensus of the best available evidence. RESULTS: Grades were assigned as follows: Overall PA, D+; Organized Sport Participation, C; Active and Outdoor Play, C; Active Transportation, C; Sedentary Behaviors, D-; Physical Literacy, INC; Family and Peer Influences, D+; School, B; Community and the Built Environment, C; and National Government Policy, Strategies, and Investments, B-...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818532/german-national-proficiency-scales-in-biology-internal-structure-relations-to-general-cognitive-abilities-and-verbal-skills
#17
Nele Kampa, Olaf Köller
National and international large-scale assessments (LSA) have a major impact on educational systems, which raises fundamental questions about the validity of the measures regarding their internal structure and their relations to relevant covariates. Given its importance, research on the validity of instruments specifically developed for LSA is still sparse, especially in science and its subdomains biology, chemistry, and physics. However, policy decisions for the improvement of educational quality based on LSA can only be helpful if valid information on students' achievement levels is provided...
September 2016: Science Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810484/cancer-screening-barriers-and-facilitators-for-under-and-never-screened-populations-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Dionne Gesink, Brooke Filsinger, Alanna Mihic, Todd A Norwood, C Sarai Racey, Daniel Perez, Joan Antal, Paul Ritvo, Lee Vernich
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening is below targets in Ontario, Canada. Our objective was to identify and quantify the barriers and facilitators for breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening for under and never screened (UNS) residents living in Ontario between 2011 and 2013. METHODS: We used a multi-phased mixed methods study design. Results from thematic analysis of focus group discussions with health care providers and UNS community members were used to develop an on-line, province-wide, cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence of barriers and facilitators for the provincial population...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776589/provider-perspectives-on-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-case-study
#19
A Daftary, N Padayatchi
OBJECTIVE: To examine influences on health care workers' (HCWs') capacity to deliver health care for multi- and/or extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/XDR-TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in South Africa. DESIGN: Qualitative data were collected via group and individual interviews with a purposive sample of 17 HCWs at a centralised, tertiary TB facility and analysed using grounded theory. RESULTS: Four themes were identified: 1) personal infection control practices among HCWs may be weakened by a workplace culture comprising low motivation, disparate risk perceptions and practices across workforce hierarchies, physical discomfort, and problems managing patients with treatment-induced hearing loss...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773449/health-literacy-in-heart-transplantation-prevalence-correlates-and-associations-with-health-behaviors-findings-from-the-international-bright-study
#20
Maan Isabella Cajita, Kris Denhaerynck, Fabienne Dobbels, Lut Berben, Cynthia L Russell, Patricia M Davidson, Sabina De Geest
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is a major determinant of health outcomes; however, there are few studies exploring the role of HL among heart transplant recipients. The objectives of this study were to: (1) explore and compare the prevalence of inadequate HL among heart transplant recipients internationally; (2) determine the correlates of HL; and (3) assess the relationship between HL and health-related behaviors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data of the 1,365 adult patients from the BRIGHT study, an international multicenter, cross-sectional study that surveyed heart transplant recipients across 11 countries and 4 continents...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
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