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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542026/combination-drug-therapy-of-pioglitazone-and-d-cycloserine-attenuates-chronic-orofacial-neuropathic-pain-and-anxiety-by-improving-mitochondrial-function-following-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#1
Danielle N Lyons, Liping Zhang, Jignesh D Pandya, Robert J Danaher, Fei Ma, Craig S Miller, Patrick G Sullivan, Cristian Sirbu, Karin N Westlund
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to determine how peripheral trigeminal nerve injury affects mitochondrial respiration and to test efficacy of combined treatment with two FDA approved drugs with potential for improving mitochondrial bioenergetics, pain and anxiety related behaviors in a chronic orofacial neuropathic pain mouse model. METHODS: Efficacy of (R)-(+)-4-amino-3-isoxazolidinone (D-cycloserine, DCS), an NMDA antagonist/agonist, and Pioglitazone (PIO), a selective agonist of nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was investigate in the trigeminal inflammatory compression (TIC) neuropathic nerve injury mouse model...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541464/quality-and-usability-of-arthritic-pain-self-management-apps-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
Priyanka Bhattarai, Tro Newton-John, Jane L Phillips
Objective.:  To appraise the quality and usability of currently available pain applications that could be used by community-dwelling older adults to self-manage their arthritic pain. Methods. : A systematic review. Searches were conducted in App Store and Google Play to identify pain self-management apps relevant to arthritic pain management. English language pain management apps providing pain assessment and documentation function and pain management education were considered for inclusion...
May 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541091/psychodynamic-therapy-as-efficacious-as-other-empirically-supported-treatments-a-meta-analysis-testing-equivalence-of-outcomes
#3
Christiane Steinert, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and psychodynamic therapy are most frequently applied to treat mental disorders. However, whether psychodynamic therapy is as efficacious as other empirically supported treatments is not yet clear. Thus, for the first time the equivalence of psychodynamic therapy to treatments established in efficacy was formally tested. The authors controlled for researcher allegiance effects by including representatives of psychodynamic therapy and CBT, the main rival psychotherapeutic treatments (adversarial collaboration)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541068/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-body-image-and-self-care-cbt-bisc-in-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Aaron J Blashill, Steven A Safren, Sabine Wilhelm, Jonathan Jampel, S Wade Taylor, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Body image disturbance is a distressing and interfering problem among many sexual minority men living with HIV, and is associated with elevated depressive symptoms and poor HIV self-care (e.g., antiretroviral therapy [ART] nonadherence). The current study tested the preliminary efficacy of a newly created intervention: cognitive-behavioral therapy for body image and self-care (CBT-BISC) for this population. METHOD: The current study entailed a 2-arm randomized controlled trial (N = 44) comparing CBT-BISC to an enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) condition...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541060/metacognition-and-cognition-in-inpatient-mct-and-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-study-of-within-person-effects
#5
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Pål G Ulvenes, KariAnne Vrabel, Bruce E Wampold
Psychotherapists have long questioned what mediating processes are linked to outcome of psychotherapy. Few studies examining this question have assessed within-person changes in the process outcome relationship over time. The present study examined changes in cognition and metacognition over the course of therapy using a dataset from a randomized controlled trial comparing Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The sample included 74 patients measured on process and symptom instruments weekly throughout therapy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536989/development-and-evaluation-of-an-online-mental-health-program-for-medical-students
#6
Emily G Lattie, Jennifer L Duffecy, David C Mohr, Kathleen Kashima
OBJECTIVE: Medical school presents a time of psychological distress for many students, who are less likely than the general population to seek mental health treatment due to multiple treatment barriers. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) programs may be an acceptable option for medical students. This study aims to assess acceptability and usability of ThinkFeelDo, an iCBT program, and to examine the impact of the program on perceived stress, quality of life, and the development of cognitive and behavioral coping skills...
May 23, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536810/fibromyalgia-treating-pain-in-the-juvenile-patient
#7
REVIEW
Sabrina Gmuca, David D Sherry
Presently, evidence for the efficacy of medications for the treatment of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) is limited. While there are medications approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (duloxetine, milnacipran and pregabalin) for adults with fibromyalgia syndrome, there are none for the treatment of JFMS. A variety of medications have been prescribed for the treatment of JFMS, including (but not limited to) non-opioid analgesics, opioids, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and muscle relaxants...
May 23, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538871/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-interventions-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Larissa Lyra, Luiz Eduardo Rizzo, Camila Sá Sunahara, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder. The manifestations of ASDs can have an important impact on learning and social functioning that may persist during adulthood. The aim here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on interventions for ASDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534928/music-genetics-research-association-with-musicality-of-a-polymorphism-in-the-avpr1a-gene
#9
Luiza Monteavaro Mariath, Alexandre Mauat da Silva, Thayne Woycinck Kowalski, Gustavo Schulz Gattino, Gustavo Andrade de Araujo, Felipe Grahl Figueiredo, Alice Tagliani-Ribeiro, Tatiana Roman, Fernanda Sales Luiz Vianna, Lavínia Schuler-Faccini, Jaqueline Bohrer Schuch
Musicality is defined as a natural tendency, sensibility, knowledge, or talent to create, perceive, and play music. Musical abilities involve a great range of social and cognitive behaviors, which are influenced by both environmental and genetic factors. Although a number of studies have yielded insights into music genetics research, genes and biological pathways related to these traits are not fully understood. Our hypothesis in the current study is that genes associated with different behaviors could also influence the musical phenotype...
May 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530532/the-effect-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-social-skills-in-institutionalized-elderly-patients-with-schizophrenia
#10
Fatemeh Mohammadi, Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz, Seyedeh Ameneh Motallebi, Shahnaz Boosepasi
BACKGROUND: There is limited scientific investigations on cognitive remediation in elderly patients with schizophrenia. The present study was aimed to examine the efficacy of cognitive remediation therapy on social skills in institutionalized elderly patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The study employed a randomized clinical trial. A total of 60 institutionalized elderly patients with schizophrenia from Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Tehran were selected and randomly allocated into two equal groups (control and intervention)...
May 22, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528567/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-positively-affects-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Lizanne E van den Akker, Heleen Beckerman, Emma H Collette, Jos Wr Twisk, Gijs Bleijenberg, Joost Dekker, Hans Knoop, Vincent de Groot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common symptom in multiple sclerosis (MS) and often restricts societal participation. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may alleviate MS-related fatigue, but evidence in literature is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of CBT to improve MS-related fatigue and participation. METHODS: In a multi-center, assessor-masked, randomized controlled trial, participants with severe MS-related fatigue were assigned to CBT or control treatment...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528015/the-mediating-effect-of-mindful-non-reactivity-in-exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety
#13
Erik Hedman, Hugo Hesser, Erik Andersson, Erland Axelsson, Brjánn Ljótsson
Exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of severe health anxiety, but little is known about mediators of treatment effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate mindful non-reactivity as a putative mediator of health anxiety outcome using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial. We assessed mindful non-reactivity using the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire-Non-Reactivity scale (FFMQ-NR) and health anxiety with the Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527272/-does-corticosteroid-treatment-during-the-pre-and-postnatal-periods-affect-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-premature-newborns
#14
Marita Lardón, José Uberos, Eduardo Narbona
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoids, widely used in the perinatal period, may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental effects. OBJECTIVES: To analyze neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of very low birth weight newborns treated with antenatal and/or postnatal corticosteroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which we included all very low birth weight babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital between 2008 and 2013...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527057/behavioral-therapy-emotion-and-pain-a-common-anatomical-background
#15
Lauren A-M Dahlke, Jeffrey J Sable, Frank Andrasik
Emotion and pain are closely intertwined in the brain, as the human experience of pain includes both affective and nociceptive components. Although each of these components relies on a different system in the brain, the two systems converge on the anterior cingulate and insular cortices, which interact with the prefrontal cortex and other frontal structures to influence behavior. Both emotional and physical pain elicit activity in these common areas, and conditions that affect one system (e.g., drugs, neural plasticity) may affect the function of the other-ultimately altering the experience of pain...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526672/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-e-mental-health-interventions-to-treat-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#16
Sara Simblett, Jennifer Birch, Faith Matcham, Lidia Yaguez, Robin Morris
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder characterized by unwanted intrusive re-experiencing of an acutely distressing, often life-threatening, event, combined with symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance, as well as negative thoughts and feelings. Evidence-based psychological interventions have been developed to treat these symptoms and reduce distress, the majority of which were designed to be delivered face-to-face with trained therapists. However, new developments in the use of technology to supplement and extend health care have led to the creation of e-Mental Health interventions...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526255/associations-of-objective-and-subjective-sleep-disturbance-with-cognitive-function-in-older-men-with-comorbid-depression-and-insomnia
#17
Daniel J Biddle, Sharon L Naismith, Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen, Ian B Hickie, Nicholas S Glozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether poor objective and subjective sleep quality are differentially associated with cognitive function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Participants were recruited from primary and secondary care, and directly from the community, in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 74 men 50years and older (mean [SD], 58.4 [6.2] years), with comorbid depression and above-threshold insomnia symptoms, participating in a trial of online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525541/safety-behaviors-and-stuttering
#18
Robyn Lowe, Fjola Helgadottir, Ross Menzies, Rob Heard, Sue O'Brian, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
Purpose: Those who are socially anxious may use safety behaviors during feared social interactions to prevent negative outcomes. Safety behaviors are associated with anxiety maintenance and poorer treatment outcomes because they prevent fear extinction. Social anxiety disorder is often comorbid with stuttering. Speech pathologists reported in a recent publication (Helgadottir, Menzies, Onslow, Packman, & O'Brian, 2014a) that they often recommended procedures for clients that could be safety behaviors...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524758/seeking-safety-group-therapy-for-co-occurring-substance-use-disorder-and-ptsd-among-transgender-women-living-with-hiv-a-pilot-study
#19
Susannah Empson, Yvette P Cuca, Jennifer Cocohoba, Carol Dawson-Rose, Katy Davis, Edward L Machtinger
Transgender women living with HIV experience high rates of substance use, violence, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Seeking Safety is a manualized, present-focused, cognitive-behavioral therapy program designed to address co-occurring substance use and PTSD. Seeking Safety has evidence of efficacy in a variety of populations but had not been evaluated specifically with people living with HIV or transgender women. We pilot-tested a 12-session Seeking Safety program with a group of transgender women living with HIV who reported substance use and a history of violence...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522348/the-impact-of-genetic-and-experimental-studies-on-classification-and-therapy-of-the-epilepsies
#20
REVIEW
Giuliano Avanzini, Massimo Mantegazza, Benedetta Terragni, Laura Canafoglia, Paolo Scalmani, Silvana Franceschetti
Different types of epilepsy are associated with gene mutations, in which seizures can be the only symptom (genetic epilepsies) or be one of the elements of complex clinical pictures that are often progressive over time (epileptic or epileptogenic encephalopathies). In epileptogenic encephalopathies, epileptic seizures and other neurological and cognitive signs are symptoms of genetically determined neuropathological or neurochemical disorders. In epileptic encephalopathies, epileptic activity itself is thought to contribute to severe cognitive and behavioral impairments above and beyond what might be expected from the underlying pathology alone...
May 15, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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