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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913043/evaluation-of-the-genexpert-mtb-rif-assay-on-extrapulmonary-and-respiratory-samples-other-than%C3%A2-sputum-a-low-burden-country-experience
#1
Sushil Pandey, Jacob Congdon, Bradley McInnes, Alina Pop, Christopher Coulter
The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay on extrapulmonary (EP) and respiratory (non-sputum) clinical samples of patients suspected of having tuberculosis (TB) from Queensland, Australia. A total of 269 EP and respiratory (non-sputum) clinical samples collected from Qld patients who were suspected of having TB were subjected to the GeneXpert MTB/RIF analysis, Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) culture and drug susceptibility testing. Phenotypic and genotypic data were compared...
November 29, 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910242/queensland-newsletter-report-october-2016
#2
Ian Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902951/exploring-children-s-perspectives-of-engagement-with-their-carers-using-factor-analysis
#3
Tania Withington, Ray Duplock, Judith Burton, Areana Eivers, Bob Lonne
Positive engagement between a child and carer in out-of-home care is understood to have long-term benefits for children who have experienced abuse or neglect. This study analysed data from the 'Views of Children and Young People in Foster Care 2009' survey of 937 children in out-of-home care in Queensland, Australia, to identify factors that supported or hindered engagement between a child and carer. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and structural regression were used. Findings suggest that children's engagement with their carer is influenced by a range of internal and external factors including child characteristics, the care experience, contact with biological parents, and placement trajectory...
November 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897188/community-participation-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-queensland-australia
#4
J J Carr, M B Kendall, D I Amsters, K J Pershouse, P Kuipers, P Buettner, R N Barker
STUDY DESIGN: Sequential mixed method design. OBJECTIVES: Determine factors associated with community participation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Queensland, Australia. METHODS: Phase I consisted of a quantitative telephone survey of 270 people who had sustained a SCI within the past 50 years. To verify and interpret survey findings, Phase II involved a qualitative investigation. One focus group, one dyadic and one in-depth interview were conducted with a separate sample of eight people who had sustained a SCI within the past 50 years...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896894/perspectives-of-resettled-african-refugees-on-accessing-medicines-and-pharmacy-services-in-queensland-australia
#5
Kim Bellamy, Remo Ostini, Nataly Martini, Therese Kairuz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers to accessing medicines and pharmacy services among refugees in Queensland, Australia, from the perspectives of resettled African refugees. METHODS: A generic qualitative approach was used in this study. Resettled African refugees were recruited via a purposive snowball sampling method. The researcher collected data from different African refugee communities, specifically those from Sudanese, Congolese and Somalian communities...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892984/anatomical-distributions-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-population-based-study-in-queensland-australia
#6
Padmini Subramaniam, Catherine M Olsen, Bridie S Thompson, David C Whiteman, Rachel E Neale
Importance: Keratinocyte cancers (KCs), including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), are the most common cancers among fair-skinned populations worldwide. Although studies have indicated that the anatomical distribution of BCC and SCC differ, few have compared them directly in well-defined population samples. Objectives: To describe and compare the anatomical distribution of BCC and SCC in a population-based sample in Queensland, Australia...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891217/models-of-eucalypt-phenology-predict-bat-population-flux
#7
John R Giles, Raina K Plowright, Peggy Eby, Alison J Peel, Hamish McCallum
Fruit bats (Pteropodidae) have received increased attention after the recent emergence of notable viral pathogens of bat origin. Their vagility hinders data collection on abundance and distribution, which constrains modeling efforts and our understanding of bat ecology, viral dynamics, and spillover. We addressed this knowledge gap with models and data on the occurrence and abundance of nectarivorous fruit bat populations at 3 day roosts in southeast Queensland. We used environmental drivers of nectar production as predictors and explored relationships between bat abundance and virus spillover...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881767/daylight-saving-time-can-decrease-the-frequency-of-wildlife-vehicle-collisions
#8
William A Ellis, Sean I FitzGibbon, Benjamin J Barth, Amanda C Niehaus, Gwendolyn K David, Brendan D Taylor, Helena Matsushige, Alistair Melzer, Fred B Bercovitch, Frank Carrick, Darryl N Jones, Cathryn Dexter, Amber Gillett, Martin Predavec, Dan Lunney, Robbie S Wilson
Daylight saving time (DST) could reduce collisions with wildlife by changing the timing of commuter traffic relative to the behaviour of nocturnal animals. To test this idea, we tracked wild koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) in southeast Queensland, where koalas have declined by 80% in the last 20 years, and compared their movements with traffic patterns along roads where they are often killed. Using a simple model, we found that DST could decrease collisions with koalas by 8% on weekdays and 11% at weekends, simply by shifting the timing of traffic relative to darkness...
November 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881645/phylogenetic-diversity-of-koala-retrovirus-within-a-wild-koala-population
#9
K J Chappell, J C Brealey, A A Amarilla, D Watterson, L Hulse, C Palmieri, S D Johnston, E C Holmes, J Meers, P R Young
: Koala populations are in serious decline across many areas of mainland Australia, with infectious disease a contributing factor. Koala Retrovirus (KoRV) is a gammaretrovirus present in most wild Koala populations and captive colonies. Five subtypes of KoRV have been identified (A-E) based on amino acid sequence divergence in a hyper-variable region of the receptor binding domain of the envelope protein. However, analysis of viral genetic diversity has primarily been conducted on KoRV in captive koalas housed in zoos in Japan, the United States of America and Germany...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878078/cool-habitats-support-darker-and-bigger-butterflies-in-australian-tropical-forests
#10
Shuang Xing, Timothy C Bonebrake, Chin Cheung Tang, Evan J Pickett, Wenda Cheng, Sasha E Greenspan, Stephen E Williams, Brett R Scheffers
Morphology mediates the relationship between an organism's body temperature and its environment. Dark organisms, for example, tend to absorb heat more quickly than lighter individuals, which could influence their responses to temperature. Therefore, temperature-related traits such as morphology may affect patterns of species abundance, richness, and community assembly across a broad range of spatial scales. In this study, we examined variation in color lightness and body size within butterfly communities across hot and cool habitats in the tropical woodland-rainforest ecosystems of northeast Queensland, Australia...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878077/phylogeography-of-the-antilopine-wallaroo-macropus-antilopinus-across-tropical-northern-australia
#11
Jessica J Wadley, Damien A Fordham, Vicki A Thomson, Euan G Ritchie, Jeremy J Austin
The distribution of antilopine wallaroo, Macropus antilopinus, is marked by a break in the species' range between Queensland and the Northern Territory, coinciding with the Carpentarian barrier. Previous work on M. antilopinus revealed limited genetic differentiation between the Northern Territory and Queensland M. antilopinus populations across this barrier. The study also identified a number of divergent lineages in the Northern Territory, but was unable to elucidate any geographic structure. Here, we re-examine these results to (1) determine phylogeographic patterns across the range of M...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876203/impact-of-the-national-targeted-hepatitis-a-immunisation-program-in-australia-2000-2014
#12
Craig Thompson, Aditi Dey, Emily Fearnley, Benjamin Polkinghorne, Frank Beard
In November 2005, hepatitis A vaccine was funded under the Australian National Immunisation Program for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) children aged 12-24months in the targeted jurisdictions of Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. We reviewed the epidemiology of hepatitis A from 2000 to 2014 using data from the Australian National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, the National Hospital Morbidity Database, and Australian Bureau of Statistics causes-of-death data...
November 18, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873377/the-person-centred-care-of-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-in-acute-care-popac-scale-psychometric-evaluation
#13
Laurie Grealish, Wendy Chaboyer, Emma Harbeck, David Edvardsson
AIM: To test the reliability and validity of the Person-centred care of Older People with cognitive impairment in Acute Care scale to determine nurses' perceptions of person-centred care. BACKGROUND: One-third of older adults admitted to hospital are at risk of serious hospital-acquired complications such as falls, infections and pressure injuries because of cognitive impairment. These risks can be reduced through person-centred practices. The Person-centred care of Older People with cognitive impairment in Acute Care scale is a self-report staff instrument to explore the extent to which person-centred practices are undertaken; however psychometric testing is limited...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869758/the-impact-of-rurality-and-disadvantage-on-the-diagnostic-interval-for-breast-cancer-in-a-large-population-based-study-of-3202-women-in-queensland-australia
#14
Philippa H Youl, Joanne F Aitken, Gavin Turrell, Suzanne K Chambers, Jeffrey Dunn, Christopher Pyke, Peter D Baade
Delays in diagnosing breast cancer (BC) can lead to poorer outcomes. We investigated factors related to the diagnostic interval in a population-based cohort of 3202 women diagnosed with BC in Queensland, Australia. Interviews ascertained method of detection and dates of medical/procedural appointments, and clinical information was obtained from medical records. Time intervals were calculated from self-recognition of symptoms (symptom-detected) or mammogram (screen-detected) to diagnosis (diagnostic interval (DI))...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869728/a-holistic-model-of-care-to-support-those-living-with-and-beyond-cancer
#15
Tamara Cadet, Cindy Davis, Jacinta Elks, Patricia Wilson
BACKGROUND: Globally, the burden of cancer continues to increase and it is well-documented that while not a homogeneous population, cancer patients and cancer survivors face many physical, psychological, social, spiritual, and financial issues. Cancer care is shifting from a disease-focused to a patient-centered approach resulting in an increased need to address these concerns. METHODS: Utilizing a quality improvement approach, this paper describes an integrated cancer care model at Bloomhill Cancer Center (BCC) in Queensland, Australia that demonstrates the ability to meet the holistic needs of patients living with and beyond cancer and to identify opportunities for better practice and service provision...
November 18, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862986/analysing-the-emergency-department-patient-journey-discovery-of-bottlenecks-to-emergency-department-patient-flow
#16
Sankalp Khanna, Justin Boyle, Norm Good, Anthony Bell, James Lind
OBJECTIVE: Despite significant workflow reform to comply with the federally mandated National Emergency Access Target (NEAT), Australian public hospitals continue to face significant barriers in achieving good ED patient flow. This study was undertaken to identify and analyse the impact of individual waypoints on an ED patient's journey and identify which waypoints act as bottlenecks to a hospital's 4 h ED disposition performance. METHODS: This study involves retrospective analysis and simulation employing 2 years of ED administrative data from a sample of two major and two large metropolitan hospitals in Queensland, Australia...
November 8, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862573/association-between-change-in-employment-participation-and-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-colorectal-cancer-survivors-compared-with-general-population-controls
#17
Vanessa L Beesley, Jeff K Vallance, Gabor Mihala, Brigid M Lynch, Louisa G Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between change in employment participation over a 12-month period and quality of life among individuals with colorectal cancer compared to general population controls. METHODS: This was a prospective, registry-based study that enrolled middle-aged (45-64 years) residents of Queensland, Australia, who were in the paid workforce, and newly-diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Participants completed structured telephone interviews at six and 12 months after diagnosis assessing quality of life and employment status ('retired/ceased work', 'increased work', 'decreased work' and 'maintained work')...
November 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861348/central-nervous-system-nocardiosis-in-queensland-a-report-of-20-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Nastaran Rafiei, Anna Maria Peri, Elda Righi, Patrick Harris, David L Paterson
Nocardia infection of the central nervous system (CNS) is an uncommon but clinically important disease, often occurring in immunocompromised individuals and carrying a high mortality rate. We present 20 cases of microbiologically proven CNS nocardiosis diagnosed in Queensland from 1997 to 2015 and review the literature from 1997 to 2016.Over 50% of cases occurred in immunocompromised individuals, with corticosteroid use posing a particularly significant risk factor. Nine (45%) patients were immunocompetent and 3 had no comorbidities at time of diagnosis...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860085/clinical-profile-and-treatment-outcomes-of-advanced-neuroendocrine-tumours-in-rural-and-regional-patients-a-retrospective-study-from-a-regional-cancer-center-in-north-queensland-australia
#19
Umbreen Hafeez, Abhishek Joshi, Manoj Bhatt, Jenny Kelly, Sabe Sabesan, Venkat Vangaveti
AIM: To study the clinical profile, treatment and survival outcomes for advanced neuroendocrine tumour (NET) patients in Australian regional and remote settings. METHODS: We reviewed all adult patients who were diagnosed with NETs between 1994 and 2012. Patients' data was extracted from electronic databases of The Townsville Cancer Centre. Remoteness was based on postcodes with patients stratified as regional or rural North Queensland according to Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC)...
November 16, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855546/injuries-in-australian-school-level-rugby-union
#20
Felix T Leung, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Julie A Hides
There is a high incidence of injuries in rugby union due to the physical nature of the game. In youth rugby union, there are large variations in injury rates reported. Our study investigated the rates of injuries in school-level rugby union players in Australia using the consensus statement for rugby union injuries. Injury surveillance was conducted on 480 rugby players from 1 school in Queensland, Australia. Injury data were collected using paper-based injury recording forms during the 8-week rugby season using a "medical-attention" injury definition...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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