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Bronwyn R Griffin, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Linda Shields
INTRODUCTION: The main objective of this study is to describe incidence rates of low-speed vehicle run-over (LSVRO) events among children aged 0-14 years residing in Queensland from 1999 to 2009. A second objective was to describe the associated patterns of injury, with respect to gender, age group, severity, characteristics (host, vehicle and environment), and trends over time in relation to geographical remoteness. Final results are hoped to inform prevention policies. METHODS: In this statewide, retrospective, population-based study, data were collected on LSVRO events that occurred among children aged 0-14 years in Queensland from 1999 to 2009 from all relevant data sources across the continuum of care, and manually linked to obtain the most comprehensive estimate possible of the magnitude and nature of LSVRO events to date...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Louise Byrne, Helena Roennfeldt, Peri O'Shea, Fiona Macdonald
Mental health peer work is attracting growing interest and provides a potentially impactful method of service user involvement in mental health design and delivery, contributing to mental health reform. The need to effectively support this emerging workforce is consequently increasing. This study aimed to better understand the views of management in relation to peer work and specifically explores the value of peer work from the perspective of management. This qualitative research employed grounded theory methods...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sabira Sultana, John B Baumgartner, Bernard C Dominiak, Jane E Royer, Linda J Beaumont
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jonathan A Malo, Candice Colbran, Megan Young, Bhakti Vasant, Kari Jarvinen, Kerri Viney, Stephen B Lambert
OBJECTIVE: To determine the source of a Q fever outbreak in humans at an animal refuge and veterinary clinic in southeast Queensland from October to December 2016. METHODS: Case interviews and a retrospective cohort study of animal refuge and veterinary clinic staff using a self-administered questionnaire related to clinical history of Q fever, Q fever vaccination status and workplace activities during the exposure period. RESULTS: Seven cases (six confirmed, one probable) were identified...
April 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Dinh S Bui, Caroline J Lodge, John A Burgess, Adrian J Lowe, Jennifer Perret, Minh Q Bui, Gayan Bowatte, Lyle Gurrin, David P Johns, Bruce R Thompson, Garun S Hamilton, Peter A Frith, Alan L James, Paul S Thomas, Deborah Jarvis, Cecilie Svanes, Melissa Russell, Stephen C Morrison, Iain Feather, Katrina J Allen, Richard Wood-Baker, John Hopper, Graham G Giles, Michael J Abramson, Eugene H Walters, Melanie C Matheson, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Lifetime lung function is related to quality of life and longevity. Over the lifespan, individuals follow different lung function trajectories. Identification of these trajectories, their determinants, and outcomes is important, but no study has done this beyond the fourth decade. METHODS: We used six waves of the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS) to model lung function trajectories measured at 7, 13, 18, 45, 50, and 53 years. We analysed pre-bronchodilator FEV1 z-scores at the six timepoints using group-based trajectory modelling to identify distinct subgroups of individuals whose measurements followed a similar pattern over time...
April 5, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Shirley Chambers, Helen Healy, Wendy E Hoy, Adrian Kark, Sharad Ratanjee, Geoffrey Mitchell, Carol Douglas, Patsy Yates, Ann Bonner
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing global problem affecting around 10% of many countries' populations. Providing appropriate palliative care services (PCS) to those with advanced kidney disease is becoming paramount. Palliative/supportive care alongside usual CKD clinical treatment is gaining acceptance in nephrology services although the collaboration with and use of PCS is not consistent. METHODS: The goal of this study was to track and quantify the health service utilisation of people with CKD stages 3-5 over the last 12 months of life...
April 5, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Clare Heal, Jennifer Banks, Pranav Divakaran, Petra Buttner
BACKGROUND: Primary care research is underfunded. Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are conducted in a primary care setting. However, it is important that clinical practice be informed by adequate primary care evidence so general practitioners (GPs) have tools and guidelines applicable to the patients they see. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to describe and reflect on the experience of conducting five RCTs between 2003 and 2017 in a general practice setting with minimal funding, in North Queensland...
March 2018: Australian journal of general practice
Keith Eastwood, Peter D Massey, Penny Hutchinson, Debra van den Berg, Katrina Bosward, Stephen R Graves
BACKGROUND: Q fever often presents as an undifferentiated febrile illness. Cases occur throughout Australia, with higher rates occurring in northern New South Wales and southern Queensland. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide clinicians with an overview of Q fever, and covers epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, sequelae, management and prevention. DISCUSSION: In Australia, Q fever is the most commonly reported zoonotic disease...
March 2018: Australian journal of general practice
Bronwyn Griffin, Kerrianne Watt, Roy Kimble, Linda Shields
There is a growing body of literature regarding low speed vehicle runover (LSVRO) events among children. To date, no literature exists on evaluation of interventions to address this serious childhood injury. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour regarding LSVROs were assessed via survey at a shopping centre (pre-intervention), then five months later (post-intervention), to investigate the effect of a population level educational intervention in Queensland, Australia. Participants' knowledge regarding frequency of LSVRO events was poor...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Angela Bullanday Scott, David Phalen, Marta Hernandez-Jover, Mini Singh, Peter Groves, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio
The types of wildlife and the frequency of their visits to commercial chicken farms in Australia were assessed using infrared and motion-sensing camera traps. Cameras were set up on 14 free-range layer farms, three cage layer farms, two barn layer farms, five non-free-range meat chicken farms, and six free-range meat chicken farms in the Sydney basin region and South East Queensland. Wildlife visits were found on every farm type and were most frequent on cage layer farms (73%), followed by free-range layer farms (15%)...
March 2018: Avian Diseases
Clive T Darwell, Simon T Segar, James M Cook
BACKGROUND: Localised patterns of species diversity can be influenced by many factors, including regional species pools, biogeographic features and interspecific interactions. Despite recognition of these issues, we still know surprisingly little about how invertebrate biodiversity is structured across geographic scales. In particular, there have been few studies of how insect communities vary geographically while using the same plant host. We compared the composition (species, genera) and functional structure (guilds) of the chalcid wasp communities associated with the widespread fig tree, Ficus benjamina, towards the northern (Hainan province, China) and southern (Queensland, Australia) edges of its natural range...
April 3, 2018: BMC Ecology
Ellen M Leslie, Adrian Cherney, Andrew Smirnov, Robert Kemp, Jake M Najman
BACKGROUND: While young adults who engage in recreational drug use are at increased risk of contact with police, their experiences of police contact have been largely overlooked. METHOD: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 70 young adult amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS; i.e., ecstasy [MDMA] and methamphetamine) users who had experienced intensive alcohol and other drug-related police contact (e.g., being arrested, charged, or raided by police). These interviews focused on perceptions of personal experiences of alcohol and other drug-related police contact and general perceptions of police and policing and were conducted as part of a larger longitudinal study of drug use among a population-based sample of young adults from South-East Queensland, Australia...
March 30, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Kevin Healey, Chris Lawlor, Malcolm R Knox, Michael Chambers, Jane Lamb
The aim of these studies was to determine the reduction in pasture infectivity likely to be achieved by the supplementation of grazing sheep with BioWorma® , a product containing the chlamydospores of the nematophagous fungus Duddingtonia flagrans strain IAH 1297. Four placebo-controlled trials were conducted between 2009 and 2013 in sheep in different climatic regions of New South Wales and Queensland, Australia and across several seasons. The effectiveness of BioWorma was assessed by total worm counts in tracer sheep placed in paddocks grazed by parasitised sheep which were fed a daily supplement with and without BioWorma under group-feeding conditions...
April 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
O Okon, L Zhu, R M Kimble, K A Stockton
INTRODUCTION: Campfire burns in children are a significant health issue. It is imperative that the extent of the problem is examined and strategies discussed to inform future prevention campaigns. METHOD: A retrospective review of data from the Queensland Paediatric Burns Registry for all children presenting with campfire burns between January 2013 and December 2014 (inclusive). Information collected included patient demographics, detail regarding mechanism of injury, first aid, Total Body Surface Area (TBSA), burn depth, and treatment...
March 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Victoria Ross, Kairi Kõlves, Lisa Kunde, Diego De Leo
The death of a child by suicide is a severe trauma, placing parents at greater risk of psychological morbidity and physical health problems compared to other causes of death. However, few studies have examined the aftermath and bereavement experience for parents following the death of a child to suicide, limiting the ability to guide effective postvention services through empirical research. The current study, which was part of a larger longitudinal investigation of suicide bereavement in Queensland, Australia, examined the individual experiences of both mothers and fathers bereaved by suicide over time, specifically at the six month and 12 month time points after their loss...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Evan M Chua, Nicole Flint, Scott P Wilson, Sue Vink
Agricultural and mining activities contribute to metal inputs in freshwater ecosystems around the world, which can in turn bioaccumulate in biota such as fish. Monitoring of metals loads in biota thus provides insight into the concentrations of bioavailable metals within the environment. Little research has been conducted on the potential of Australian freshwater fish for biomonitoring metals. Within the Fitzroy Basin of Central Queensland, a major agricultural and coal mining region, three commonly-encountered fish taxa were analysed for tissue metal loads...
March 13, 2018: Chemosphere
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Spine
Roger W Byard, Mike Munro
On 30th March 1902 Police Constable George Doyle and Carnarvon Station manager Albert Dahlke were allegedly gunned down at Lethbridge's Pocket in Central Queensland. Approximately 90 kg of ash and burnt human remains with articles belonging to the two men were later found in saddle bags left at the scene on a police horse. Subsequently two local cattle and horse thieves, Patrick and James Kenniff, were convicted in the Queensland Supreme Court of the wilful murder of Constable Doyle. Patrick was executed by hanging on 12th January 1903 and James had his sentence reduced to life imprisonment with hard labor...
March 29, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Hwat Bing So, Ashraf M Khalifa, Bofu Yu, Chris Caroll, Peter Burger, David Mulligan
Open-cut coal mining in Queensland results in the formation of extensive saline overburden spoil-piles with steep slopes at the angle of repose (approximately 75% or 37o). These spoil-piles are generally found in multiple rows, several kilometers in length and heights of up to 50 or 60 m above the original landscape. They are highly dispersive and erodible. Legislation demands that these spoil piles be rehabilitated to minimize on-site and off-site discharges of sediment and salt into the surrounding environment...
2018: PloS One
Samantha A Hollingworth, Karl Winckel, Nargess Saiepour, Amanda J Wheeler, Nicholas Myles, Dan Siskind
RATIONALE: Clozapine is the gold-standard medicine for treating refractory schizophrenia but there are some notable serious adverse events (AE). We aimed to analyse reported rates of clozapine cardiac and haematological AEs in Australia. METHODS: Using data from the Therapeutic Goods Administration, we examined all reported clozapine AEs (1993-2014) with a specific focus on neutropenia, myocarditis and cardiomyopathy. We related AEs to clozapine-dispensing data in Queensland, scaled up to Australia...
March 27, 2018: Psychopharmacology
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