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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241067/weed-seed-spread-and-its-prevention-the-role-of-roadside-wash-down
#1
Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Thi Nguyen, Sheldon Navie, Chris O'Donnell, Steve Adkins
Vehicles are one of the major vectors of long-distance weed seed spread. Viable seed removed from vehicles at roadside wash down facilities was studied at five locations in central Queensland, Australia over a 3-year period. Seed from 145 plant species, belonging to 34 different families, were identified in the sludge samples obtained from the wet particulate matter collection pit of the wash down facilities. Most of the species were annual forbs (50%) with small or very small seed size (<2 mm in diameter)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238982/niche-partitioning-of-intertidal-seagrasses-evidence-of-the-influence-of-substrate-temperature
#2
Marnie L Campbell, Lara D Heppenstall, Rebecca Hendry, Ross Martin, Stine Sørensen, Ashley N Rubenstein, Chad L Hewitt
The influence of soil temperature on rhizome depths of four intertidal seagrass species was investigated in central Queensland, Australia. We postulated that certain intertidal seagrass species are soil temperature-sensitive and vertically stratify rhizome depths. Below-ground vertical stratification of intertidal seagrass rhizome depths was analysed based upon microclimate (soil temperature) and microhabitat (soil type). Soil temperature profiles exhibited heat transfer from surface layers to depth that varied by microhabitat, with vertical stratification of rhizome depths between species...
December 14, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237837/molecular-dynamics-and-mode-of-transmission-of-koala-retrovirus-korv-as-it-invades-and-spreads-through-a-wild-queensland-koala-population
#3
Bonnie Chaban, Vanissa A Ong, Jonathan Hanger, Peter Timms
The recent acquisition of a novel retrovirus (KoRV) by koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) has created new opportunities for retroviral research and new challenges for koala conservation. There are currently two major subtypes of KoRV; KoRV-A, which is believed to be endogenous only in koalas from the northern part of Australia, and KoRV-B, which appears to be exogenous. Understanding and management of these subtypes requires population-level studies of their prevalence and diversity, especially when co-infected in the same population, and investigations of their modes of transmission in the wild...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236077/a-pilot-study-of-children-s-blood-lead-levels-in-mount-isa-queensland
#4
Donna Green, Marianne Sullivan, Nathan Cooper, Annika Dean, Cielo Marquez
Mount Isa, Queensland, is one of three Australian cities with significant lead emissions due to nonferrous mining and smelting. Unlike the two other cities with lead mines or smelters, Mount Isa currently has no system of annual, systematic, community-wide blood lead level testing; and testing rates among Indigenous children are low. In previous screenings, this group of children has been shown to have higher average blood lead levels than non-Indigenous children. The first aim of this study was to assess whether parents and children would participate in less invasive, rapid point-of-care capillary testing...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233795/using-microsimulation-to-estimate-the-future-health-and-economic-costs-of-salmonellosis-under-climate-change-in-central-queensland-australia
#5
Dimity Maree Stephen, Adrian Gerard Barnett
BACKGROUND: The incidence of salmonellosis, a costly foodborne disease, is rising in Australia. Salmonellosis increases during high temperatures and rainfall, and future incidence is likely to rise under climate change. Allocating funding to preventative strategies would be best informed by accurate estimates of salmonellosis costs under climate change and by knowing which population subgroups will be most affected. OBJECTIVE: We used microsimulation models to estimate the health and economic costs of salmonellosis in Central Queensland under climate change between 2016 and 2036 to inform preventative strategies...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230646/abundance-of-naegleria-fowleri-in-roof-harvested-rainwater-tank-samples-from-two-continents
#6
Monique Waso, Penelope Heather Dobrowsky, Kerry Ann Hamilton, Geoffrey Puzon, Haylea Miller, Wesaal Khan, Warish Ahmed
Roof-harvested rainwater (RHRW) has been used as an alternative source of water in water scarce regions of many countries. The microbiological and chemical quality of RHRW has been questioned due to the presence of bacterial and protozoan pathogens. However, information on the occurrence of pathogenic amoeba in RHRW tank samples is needed due to their health risk potential and known associations with opportunistic pathogens. Therefore, this study aims to determine the quantitative occurrence of Naegleria fowleri in RHRW tank samples from Southeast Queensland (SEQ), Australia (AU), and the Kleinmond Housing Scheme located in Kleinmond, South Africa (SA)...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227153/profiles-by-suicide-methods-an-analysis-of-older-adults
#7
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego de Leo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate choice of suicide method in individuals aged 65 years and over. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Queensland Suicide Register, Australia. Univariate and multi-variate logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: The predominant methods in older adults were hanging (21.5%), firearms and explosives (20.9%), drug poisoning (18.5%), followed by other poisoning (mainly MVCO) (12.6%), suffocation by plastic bag (8...
December 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223126/hpev-3-predominated-among-parechovirus-a-positive-infants-during-an-outbreak-in-2013-2014-in-queensland-australia
#8
Donna McNeale, Claire Y T Wang, Katherine E Arden, Ian M Mackay
BACKGROUND: Parechoviruses (HPeV) are endemic seasonal pathogens detected from the respiratory tract, gut, blood and central nervous system (CNS) of children and adults, sometimes in conjunction with a range of acute illnesses. HPeV CNS infection may lead to neurodevelopmental sequelae, especially following infection by HPeV-3, hence screening and genotyping are important to inform epidemiology, aetiology and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterise HPeVs circulating during an outbreak between November 2013 and April 2014 in Queensland, Australia...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220703/referral-to-specialist-physiotherapists-in-the-management-of-whiplash-associated-disorders-perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners
#9
Aila Nica Bandong, Andrew Leaver, Martin Mackey, Michele Sterling, Joan Kelly, Carrie Ritchie, Trudy Rebbeck
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for whiplash associated disorders (WAD) recommend early referral to specialists (e.g. specialist physiotherapists) of people who are not recovering. This recommendation is a key component of a proposed clinical pathway of care for WAD. OBJECTIVE: To explore healthcare practitioners' opinions about referral to specialist physiotherapists of people with WAD at high risk of non-recovery. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study...
November 22, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#10
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218762/comparison-of-paired-and-single-clinical-placement-models-a-time-use-analysis
#11
Marita Bhagwat, Ronelle Hewetson, Lee Jones, Anne Hill, Jennifer Nunn, Rachel Tosh, Louise Cahill
BACKGROUND: To meet rising clinical placement demand caused by increasing health student numbers, the use of paired (two students) rather than single (one student) placement models has been proposed. There is, however, limited research available to inform placement providers about the relative effects of both models on healthcare services, including patient- and non-patient-related activities and patient occasions of service. AIMS: To investigate a key clinical question: Does clinical educator (supervisor) and student time use differ during paired placements compared with single placements? Also to examine the satisfaction levels of clinical educators (CEs) and students with paired and single clinical placement models...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217937/are-past-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-currently-pregnant-women
#12
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Rosa Alati, Steve Kisely, Jake Moses Najman
Background: There has been a great deal of concern about the mental health of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, termination of a pregnancy (ToP), child death or where a child has been given up for adoption. Despite this concern there has been remarkably little population-based research which has addressed the long-term consequences of pregnancy loss and child death. This study investigated the maternal mental health consequences of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, ToP, child death or where a child has been given up for adoption at two different time points, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and baseline mental health...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215380/applying-the-ottawa-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-rule-on-a-cohort-of-emergency-department-patients-with-headache
#13
Kevin H Chu, Gerben Keijzers, Jeremy S Furyk, Robert M Eley, Frances B Kinnear, Ogilvie N Thom, Tegwen E Howell, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Joseph Y S Ting, Anthony F T Brown
OBJECTIVE: The Ottawa subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) rule suggests that alert patients older than 15 years with a severe nontraumatic headache reaching maximum intensity within 1 h and absence of high-risk variables effectively have a SAH ruled out. We aimed to determine the proportion of emergency department (ED) patients with any headache fulfilling the entry criteria for the Ottawa SAH rule. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Ottawa SAH rule was applied retrospectively in a substudy of a prospective snapshot of 34 EDs in Queensland, Australia, carried out over 4 weeks in September 2014...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208060/pertussis-epidemiology-prior-to-the-introduction-of-a-maternal-vaccination-program-queensland-australia
#14
L McHugh, K A Viney, R M Andrews, S B Lambert
Pertussis morbidity is highest in infants too young to be fully protected by routine vaccination schedules. Alternate vaccine strategies are required to maximise protection in this age-group. To understand baseline pertussis epidemiology prior to the introduction of the maternal pertussis vaccination program in 2014, we conducted a retrospective case series analyses of 53 901 notifications and temporal trends from 1997 to 2014. Notifications were highest in infants younger than 4 months of age and highest annual notification rates in infants younger than 1 month of age (308/100 000 per year)...
December 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202718/google-as-a-cancer-control-tool-in-queensland
#15
Xiaodong Huang, Peter Baade, Danny R Youlden, Philippa H Youl, Wenbiao Hu, Michael G Kimlin
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in methodologies utilizing "big data" have allowed researchers to investigate the use of common internet search engines as a real time tool to track disease. Little is known about its utility with tracking cancer incidence. This study aims to investigate the potential correlates of monthly internet search volume indexes (SVIs) and observed monthly age standardised incidence rates (ASRs) for breast cancer, colorectal cancer, melanoma and prostate cancer. METHODS: The monthly ASRs for the four cancers in Queensland were calculated using data from the Queensland Cancer Registry between January 2006 and December 2012...
December 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195135/urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-esters-concentrations-and-age-trends-in-australian-children
#16
Chang He, Leisa-Maree L Toms, Phong Thai, Nele Van den Eede, Xianyu Wang, Yan Li, Christine Baduel, Fiona A Harden, Amy L Heffernan, Peter Hobson, Adrian Covaci, Jochen F Mueller
There is growing concern around the use of organophosphate esters (OPEs) due to their suspected reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity, and neurotoxicity. OPEs are used as flame retardants and plasticizers, and due to their extensive application in consumer products, are found globally in the indoor environment. Early life exposure to OPEs is an important risk factor for children's health, but poorly understood. To study age and sex trends of OPE exposures in infants and young children, we collected, pooled, and analysed urine samples from children aged 0-5years from Queensland, Australia for 9 parent OPEs and 11 metabolites...
November 28, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193286/understanding-ed-performance-after-the-implementation-of-activity-based-funding
#17
Ghasem-Sam Toloo, John Burke, Julia Crilly, Ged Williams, Bridie McCann, Gerry FitzGerald, Anthony Bell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe emergency department (ED) activities and staffing after the introduction of activity-based funding (ABF) to highlight the challenges of new funding arrangements and their implementation. METHODS: A retrospective study of public hospital EDs in Queensland, Australia, was undertaken for 2013-2014. The ED and hospital characteristics are described to evaluate the alignment between activity and resourcing levels and their impact on performance...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187614/early-career-researchers-an-interview-with-paloma-gonzalez-bellido
#18
(no author information available yet)
Paloma Gonzalez Bellido is a Lecturer in the Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge, where she investigates insect vision. She received her Bachelor's degree in Marine Biology from the University of Queensland, Australia, before moving to the University of Sheffield for her PhD with Mikko Juusola, which she completed in 2009. Paloma has been awarded a Cozzarelli Prize and her research has been recognised by the Society for Neuroethology and the Society for Experimental Biology...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187157/consort-to-community-translation-of-an-rct-to-a-large-scale-community-intervention-and-learnings-from-evaluation-of-the-upscaled-program
#19
Carly Jane Moores, Jacqueline Miller, Rebecca Anne Perry, Lily Lai Hang Chan, Lynne Allison Daniels, Helen Anna Vidgen, Anthea Margaret Magarey
BACKGROUND: Translation encompasses the continuum from clinical efficacy to widespread adoption within the healthcare service and ultimately routine clinical practice. The Parenting, Eating and Activity for Child Health (PEACH™) program has previously demonstrated clinical effectiveness in the management of child obesity, and has been recently implemented as a large-scale community intervention in Queensland, Australia. This paper aims to describe the translation of the evaluation framework from a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to large-scale community intervention (PEACH™ QLD)...
November 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186787/improving-pool-fencing-legislation-in-queensland-australia-attitudes-and-impact-on-child-drowning-fatalities
#20
(no author information available yet)
Four-sided, non-climbable pool fencing is an effective strategy for preventing children from drowning in home swimming pools. In 2009, the Queensland Government introduced legislation to improve the effectiveness of pool fencing. This study explores community attitudes towards the effectiveness of these legislative changes and examines child (<5 years) drowning deaths in pools. Data from the 2011 Queensland Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) Social Survey include results from questions related to pool ownership and pool fencing legislation...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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