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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048290/mycobacterium-shimoidei-a-rare-pulmonary-pathogen-queensland-australia
#1
Timothy M Baird, Robyn Carter, Geoffrey Eather, Rachel Thomson
Nontuberculous mycobacteria are human pathogens with increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Mycobacterium shimoidei is a rare cause of pulmonary disease, with only 15 cases previously reported. This series documents an additional 23 cases of M. shimoidei from Queensland, Australia, and highlights the pathogenicity and clinical role of this species.
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044793/clustering-of-prevention-behaviours-in-patients-with-high-risk-primary-melanoma
#2
Adèle C Green, Maria Celia B Hughes, Lena A von Schuckmann, Kiarash Khosrotehrani, B Mark Smithers
OBJECTIVE: Because melanoma patients are at high risk of further disease, we aimed to study their melanoma prevention behaviours. METHODS: In a large cohort of patients newly diagnosed with high-risk melanoma in Queensland, Australia, we assessed clustering of preventive behaviours using latent class analysis. We assessed associated factors with prevalence proportion ratios (PPRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) estimated by Poisson regression, and also if preventive behaviour was associated with better tumour prognosis at diagnosis...
October 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042676/semiochemical-mediated-enhancement-of-males-to-complement-sterile-insect-technique-in-management-of-the-tephritid-pest-bactrocera-tryoni-froggatt
#3
Mohammed Abul Monjur Khan, Nicholas C Manoukis, Terry Osborne, Idris M Barchia, Geoff M Gurr, Olivia L Reynolds
Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is the most significant pest of Australia's $9 billion horticulture industry. The sterile insect technique (SIT) and cue-lure (a synthetic analogue of raspberry ketone (RK))-based male annihilation technique (MAT) are two of the most effective management tools against this pest. However, combining these two approaches is considered incompatible as MAT kills sterile and 'wild' males indiscriminately. In the present study we tested the effect of pre-release feeding of B...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040591/revised-distribution-of-bactrocera-tryoni-in-eastern-australia-and-effect-on-possible-incursions-of-mediterranean-fruit-fly-development-of-australia-s-eastern-trading-block
#4
Bernard C Dominiak, Richard Mapson
Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae), commonly called 'Queensland fruit fly' in Australia, and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) are the two most economically important fruit fly in Australia with B. tryoni in the east and Mediterranean fruit fly in the west. The two species coexisted for several decades, but it is believed that B. tryoni displaced Mediterranean fruit fly. In southeastern Australia, this was deemed inadequate for export market access, and a large fruit fly free zone (fruit fly exclusion zone) was developed in 1996 where B...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035767/life-cycle-energy-impacts-for-adapting-an-urban-water-supply-system-to-droughts
#5
Ka Leung Lam, Jennifer R Stokes-Draut, Arpad Horvath, Joe L Lane, Steven J Kenway, Paul A Lant
In recent years, cities in some water stressed regions have explored alternative water sources such as seawater desalination and potable water recycling in spite of concerns over increasing energy consumption. In this study, we evaluate the current and future life-cycle energy impacts of four alternative water supply strategies introduced during a decade-long drought in South East Queensland (SEQ), Australia. These strategies were: seawater desalination, indirect potable water recycling, network integration, and rainwater tanks...
October 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033146/the-prevalence-and-performance-of-resistance-exercise-training-activities-in-an-australian-population-in-relation-to-health-authority-guidelines
#6
Brendan Humphries, Rob Stanton, Aaron Scanlan, Mitch J Duncan
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training research highlights the importance of training intensity to resistance exercise training (RET) and the associated benefits to health and function for healthy and at-risk populations. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommend specific intensities, frequencies, repetitions, and number of exercises of RET to be performed to maintain health. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of achieving recommended levels of RET in relation to ACSM guidelines for intensity, frequency, repetitions, and number of exercises in a regional Australian population...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031559/new-sesquiterpenoid-isonitriles-from-three-species-of-phyllidid-nudibranchs
#7
Desmond C-M Sim, I Wayan Mudianta, Andrew M White, Ni Wayan Martiningsih, Jasmine J M Loh, Karen L Cheney, Mary J Garson
Chemical investigation of the two nudibranch species Phyllidia ocellata and Phyllidiella pustulosa collected in Queensland, Australia, provided new stereoisomers of 4-isocyano-9-amorphene (1) and of 10-isocyano-4-amorphene (2), respectively. A specimen of Phyllidia picta collected from Bali, Indonesia, contained the axane sesquiterpenoids pictaisonitrile-1 3 and pictaisonitrile-2 4. The planar structures were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, while relative configurations were established using NOESY correlations, coupling constant data, and comparison with literature data...
October 12, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031046/contributors-to-young-drivers-driving-styles-a-comparison-between-israel-and-queensland
#8
Vera Skvirsky, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Timothy J Greenbury, Carlo G Prato
Among the numerous factors that contribute to young novice drivers' driving styles, personality characteristics, sociodemographic variables, family atmosphere, and friends' norms are known to have an important impact. However, cross-cultural comparisons are relatively rare in the safety literature concerning young drivers. This study aimed at comparing young drivers from Israel and Queensland (Australia) and examining the contribution of personality, sociodemographic, family and friends' aspects to their driving styles (reckless and careless; hostile and angry; anxious; patient and careful)...
October 10, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026356/comparison-of-in-hospital-maternal-mortality-between-hospital-systems-in-queensland-australia-and-louisiana-united-states
#9
James J Morong, Jane K Martin, Robert S Ware, Paul B Colditz, Alfred G Robichaux
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that the American maternal mortality ratio has increased during the years 2000-2015. The Australian maternal mortality ratio, in contrast, has decreased during the same time period, a trend common among most Western countries. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of cases of in-hospital maternal deaths in the Ochsner Health System (Louisiana, United States) and the Queensland Health System (Australia) from 1995 to 2013...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026169/potential-impacts-of-climate-change-on-habitat-suitability-for-the-queensland-fruit-fly
#10
Sabira Sultana, John B Baumgartner, Bernard C Dominiak, Jane E Royer, Linda J Beaumont
Anthropogenic climate change is a major factor driving shifts in the distributions of pests and invasive species. The Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni Froggatt (Qfly), is the most economically damaging insect pest of Australia's horticultural industry, and its management is a key priority for plant protection and biosecurity. Identifying the extent to which climate change may alter the distribution of suitable habitat for Qfly is important for the development and continuation of effective monitoring programs, phytosanitary measures, and management strategies...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024474/heart-failure-following-blood-cancer-therapy-in-pediatric-and-adult-populations
#11
Julie Franzon, Narelle M Berry, Shahid Ullah, Vincent L Versace, Alexandra L McCarthy, John Atherton, David Roder, Bogda Koczwara, Douglas Coghlan, Robyn A Clark
AIM: The link between chemotherapy treatment and cardiotoxicity is well established, particularly for adults with blood cancers. However, it is less clear for children. This analysis aimed to compare the trajectory and mortality of children and adults who received chemotherapy for blood cancers and were subsequently hospitalized for heart failure. METHODS: Linked data from the Queensland Cancer Registry, Death Registry and Hospital Administration records for initial chemotherapy and later heart failure were reviewed (1996-2009)...
October 12, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020839/learning-from-the-longitudinal-outcomes-of-children-with-hearing-impairment-lochi-study-summary-of-5-year-findings-and-implications
#12
Teresa Y C Ching, Harvey Dillon, Greg Leigh, Linda Cupples
OBJECTIVE: This article summarises findings of the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study, and discusses implications of the findings for research and clinical practice. DESIGN: A population-based study on outcomes of children with hearing loss. Evaluations were conducted at five years of age. STUDY SAMPLE: Participants were 470 children born with hearing loss between 2002 and 2007 in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland in Australia, and who first received amplification or cochlear implantation by three years of age...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020759/hazardous-alcohol-use-in-2-countries-a-comparison-between-alberta-canada-and-queensland-australia
#13
Diana C Sanchez-Ramirez, Richard Franklin, Donald Voaklander
Objectives: This article aimed to compare alcohol consumption between the populations of Queensland in Australia and Alberta in Canada. Furthermore, the associations between greater alcohol consumption and socio-demographic characteristics were explored in each population. Methods: Data from 2500 participants of the 2013 Alberta Survey and the 2013 Queensland Social Survey were analyzed. Regression analyses were used to explore the associations between alcohol risk and socio-demographic characteristics...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018604/effects-of-invasion-history-on-physiological-responses-to-immune-system-activation-in-invasive-australian-cane-toads
#14
Daniel Selechnik, Andrea J West, Gregory P Brown, Kerry V Fanson, BriAnne Addison, Lee A Rollins, Richard Shine
The cane toad (Rhinella marina) has undergone rapid evolution during its invasion of tropical Australia. Toads from invasion front populations (in Western Australia) have been reported to exhibit a stronger baseline phagocytic immune response than do conspecifics from range core populations (in Queensland). To explore this difference, we injected wild-caught toads from both areas with the experimental antigen lipopolysaccharide (LPS, to mimic bacterial infection) and measured whole-blood phagocytosis. Because the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is stimulated by infection (and may influence immune responses), we measured glucocorticoid response through urinary corticosterone levels...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017473/australian-consumer-perspectives-attitudes-and-behaviours-on-antibiotic-use-and-antibiotic-resistance-a-qualitative-study-with-implications-for-public-health-policy-and-practice
#15
Elaine P M Lum, Katie Page, Lisa Nissen, Jenny Doust, Nicholas Graves
BACKGROUND: Consumers receive over 27 million antibiotic prescriptions annually in Australian primary healthcare. Hence, consumers are a key group to engage in the fight against antibiotic resistance. There is a paucity of research pertaining to consumers in the Australian healthcare environment. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives, attitudes and behaviours of Australian consumers on antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance, to inform national programs for reducing inappropriate antibiotic consumption...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994630/clinical-presentations-treatments-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-in-cats-with-tick-paralysis-caused-by-ixodes-holocyclus-2077-cases-2008-2016
#16
Ellie Leister, John Morton, Rick Atwell, Rob Webster
Objectives The objective of this study was to describe seasonality, demographics, presentations, treatments, complications and outcomes for cats with Ixodes holocyclus causing tick paralysis, and to identify risk factors for mortality. Methods This was a retrospective single cohort study with 2077 cases occurring between 2008 and 2016, and presenting to one of four emergency clinics in south-eastern Queensland, Australia. Case mortality at 5 days post-presentation could be determined for 1742 cases, and potential risk factors for mortality were assessed using random-effects logistic regression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992928/domestic-dog-roaming-patterns-in-remote-northern-australian-indigenous-communities-and-implications-for-disease-modelling
#17
Emily G Hudson, Victoria J Brookes, Salome Dürr, Michael P Ward
Although Australia is canine rabies free, the Northern Peninsula Area (NPA), Queensland and other northern Australian communities are at risk of an incursion due to proximity to rabies infected islands of Indonesia and existing disease spread pathways. Northern Australia also has large populations of free-roaming domestic dogs, presenting a risk of rabies establishment and maintenance should an incursion occur. Agent-based rabies spread models are being used to predict potential outbreak size and identify effective control strategies to aid incursion preparedness...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992157/a-multi-state-multi-site-multi-sector-healthcare-improvement-model-implementing-evidence-for-practice
#18
Karen-Leigh Edward, Kim Walker, Jed Duff
Quality problem or issue: Healthcare is complex and we know that evidence takes nearly 20 years to find its way into clinical practice. Initial assessment: The slow process of translating research points to the need for effective translational research models to ensure patient care quality and safety are not compromised by such an epistemic failure. Choice of solution: Our model to achieve reasonably rapid and enduring improvements to clinical care draws on that developed and promulgated by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement in the United States of America model as well as that developed by the Johns Hopkins Quality and Safety Group known as the Translating Research into Practice implementation model...
October 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987133/implementing-change-evaluating-the-accelerated-chest-pain-risk-evaluation-acre-project
#19
William A Parsonage, Tanya Milburn, Sarah Ashover, Wade Skoien, Jaimi H Greenslade, Louise McCormack, Louise Cullen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hospital length of stay (LOS) and admission rates before and after implementation of an evidence-based, accelerated diagnostic protocol (ADP) for patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with chest pain. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design, with interrupted time series analysis for the period October 2013 - November 2015. Setting, participants: Adults presenting with chest pain to EDs of 16 public hospitals in Queensland. INTERVENTION: Implementation of the ADP by structured clinical re-design...
August 4, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985515/geographical-differences-in-risk-of-advanced-breast-cancer-limited-evidence-for-reductions-over-time-queensland-australia-1997-2014
#20
Paramita Dasgupta, Philippa H Youl, Joanne F Aitken, Gavin Turrell, Peter Baade
BACKGROUND: Reducing geographical inequalities in breast cancer stage remains a key focus of public health policy. We explored whether patterns of advanced breast cancer by residential accessibility and disadvantage in Queensland, Australia, have changed over time. METHODS: Population-based cancer registry study of 38,706 women aged at least 30 years diagnosed with a first primary invasive breast cancer of known stage between 1997 and 2014. Multilevel logistic regression was used to examine temporal changes in associations of area-level factors with odds of advanced disease after adjustment for individual-level factors...
October 3, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
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