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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451425/biliary-tract-infecting-myxosporeans-from-estuarine-and-reef-stonefish-scorpaeniformes-synanceiidae-off-eastern-australia-with-descriptions-of-sphaeromyxa-horrida-n-sp-and-myxidium-lapipiscis-n-sp-myxosporea-bivalvulida
#1
Terrence Miller, Samantha Barnett, Jamie Seymour, Timothy Jenkins, Marissa McNamara, Robert Douglas Adlard
Two new species of myxosporeans are described from the gall bladders of Estuarine Stonefish, Synanceia horrida, and Reef Stonefish, Synanceia verrucosa, from localities off Cairns, in tropical north Queensland (QLD) and in Moreton Bay in southern QLD, Australia. Sphaeromyxa horrida n. sp. can be distinguished from congeners in the morphologically distinct "balbianii" species group within Sphaeromyxa based on morphometric differences in length and width of mature spores, length and width of polar capsules and unique SSU rDNA sequence composition relative to other taxa...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442403/increasing-injuries-as-trampoline-parks-expand-within-australia-a-call-for-mandatory-standards
#2
Lisa N Sharwood, Susan Adams, Tracy Blaszkow, David Eager
OBJECTIVE: To quantify an apparent increase in indoor trampoline park related injuries in children and young people across Australia, and to understand the implications for current regulatory standards. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of three state-based Injury Surveillance databases, identifying children and adolescents presenting to emergency departments between the years 2005 and 2017, who had sustained injuries during trampolining activity at an indoor trampoline park...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442395/paediatric-thoracic-empyema-in-the-tropical-north-queensland-region-of-australia-epidemiological-trends-over-a-decade
#3
Anil Gautam, Gregory G Wiseman, Marika L Goodman, Simon Ahmedpour, Daniel Lindsay, Adele Heyer, Harry Stalewski, Robert E Norton, Andrew V White
AIM: The Townsville Hospital and Health Service is the regional referral centre for children in the north of Queensland. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people make up 7-10% of the population. Increasing numbers of children with paediatric thoracic empyema (pTE) are being referred to Townsville Hospital and Health Service for management. This study aims to describe the incidence rates, epidemiology, microbiology and trends of this disease in North Queensland over a 10-year period...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441506/development-of-a-procedure-for-the-government-provision-of-bone-anchored-prosthesis-using-osseointegration-in-australia
#4
Laurent Frossard, Gregory Merlo, Tanya Quincey, Brendan Burkett, Debra Berg
BACKGROUND: Governmental organizations are facing challenges in adjusting procedures providing equitable assistance to consumers with amputation choosing newly available osseointegrated fixations for bone-anchored prostheses (BAPs) over socket-suspended prostheses. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (1) present a procedure focusing on tasks, documents and costs of prosthetic care, and (2) share observed obstacles and facilitators to implementation. METHODS: This research aimed at developing a governmental procedure for the provision of BAPs was designed as an action research study...
December 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440945/molecular-epidemiology-of-the-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-clones-a-synthetic-review
#5
REVIEW
Lia Monica Junie, Ionuţ Isaia Jeican, Luminiţa Matroş, Stanca Lucia Pandrea
The article presents a synthetic molecular characterization of the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and describes the most important community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) clones that circulate nowadays in the world: the main molecular and epidemiological characteristics, as well as notions related to the clinic of infections produced by these clones and their antibiotic resistance spectrum. The predominant clone of CA-MRSA in North America is USA300 - ST8-IV in North America, in Australia - Queensland (Qld) MRSA (ST93-IV), in Europe - ST80-IV, in Asia there is a high heterogeneity of clones population, in Africa the distribution of CA-MRSA clones is unclear, and in South America - USA 1100 and USA300-Latin American variant are predominant...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437751/what-are-the-costs-associated-with-child-and-maternal-healthcare-within-australia-a-study-protocol-for-the-use-of-data-linkage-to-identify-health-service-use-and-health-system-and-patient-costs
#6
Emily J Callander, Haylee Fox
INTRODUCTION: The current literature in Australia demonstrates that there are variations in access and outcomes in perinatal care based on socioeconomic factors. However, little has been done looking at the level of out-of-pocket healthcare costs associated with perinatal care. The primary aim of this project will be to quantify health service use and out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure associated with childbearing and early childhood in Queensland, Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This project will build Australia's first model (called Maternal & Child Cost MOD) of out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure by using administrative data from the Queensland Perinatal Data Collection, of all childbearing women and their resultant children, who gave birth in Queensland between 1 July 2012 and 30 June 2016...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436107/rationale-and-developmental-methodology-for-the-simple-approach-a-systematised-interdisciplinary-malnutrition-pathway-for-implementation-and-evaluation-in-hospitals
#7
Jack J Bell, Adrienne Young, Jan Hill, Merrilyn Banks, Tracy Comans, Rhiannon Barnes, Heather H Keller
AIM: Changing population demographics, service demands, and healthcare provider expectations suggest that a shift is required regarding how malnutrition care is managed in hospitals. The present study aims to build the reason for required change, and to describe the process used to develop a model for managing malnutrition for implementation across six Queensland hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of approaches to managing malnutrition in Queensland public hospitals, and development of a new model of care (guided by Knowledge-to-Action Framework and qualitative interviews) for testing within a broader implementation program...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431219/morphological-comparison-of-the-ampullae-of-lorenzini-of-three-sympatric-benthic-rays
#8
A R G Gauthier, D L Whitehead, I R Tibbetts, B W Cribb, M B Bennett
This study investigated and compared the morphology of the electrosensory system of three species of benthic rays. Neotrygon trigonoides, Hemitrygon fluviorum and Maculabatis toshi inhabit similar habitats within Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Like all elasmobranchs, they possess the ability to detect weak electrical fields using their ampullae of Lorenzini. Macroscopically, the ampullary organs of all three species are aggregated in three bilaterally paired clusters: the mandibular, hyoid and superficial ophthalmic clusters...
February 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427831/australian-nursing-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-pressure-injury-prevention-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Janie Brown, Tamara Power, Jackie Lea, Marie Hutchinson, Carey Mather, Andrea Miller, Annette Saunders, Jane Mills, Lin Zhao, Karen Yates, Marie Bodak, Joanne Southern, Debra Jackson
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess student nurses' knowledge of and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention evidence-based guidelines. BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries are a substantial problem in many healthcare settings causing major harm to patients, and generating major economic costs for health service providers. Nurses have a crucial role in the prevention of pressure injuries across all health care settings. DESIGN: A multi-centered, cross-sectional study was conducted using a paper-based questionnaire with undergraduate nursing students enrolled in seven universities with campuses across five Australian states (Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania)...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420926/process-redesign-of-a-surgical-pathway-improves-access-to-cataract-surgery-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-south-east-queensland
#10
Lisa Penrose, Yvette Roe, Natalie A Johnson, Erica L James
The Institute for Urban Indigenous Health (IUIH) aimed to improve access to cataract surgery in urban South East Queensland (SEQ) for Indigenous Australians, without compromising clinical visual outcomes. The Penchansky and Levesque concept of access as the 'fit' between the patient's needs and the ability of the system to meet those needs was used to inform the redesign of the mainstream cataract surgical pathway. The IUIH staff and community stakeholders mapped the traditional external cataract surgical pathway and then innovatively redesigned it to reduce the number of patients being removed by the system at key transition points...
February 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417344/two-species-of-phyllodistomum-braun-1899-trematoda-gorgoderidae-from-moreton-bay-australia
#11
Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
Two species of the trematode genus Phyllodistomum Braun, 1899 (Gorgoderidae) are reported infecting teleost fishes from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Phyllodistomum hyporhamphi n. sp. is described from two species of garfishes (Hemiramphidae), Hyporhamphus regularis ardelio (Whitley) and H. australis (Steindachner). The new species differs from other marine species of Phyllodistomum in possessing a forebody length less than half that of the body, a body length to width ratio < 4:1, an oral sucker width to ventral sucker width ratio > 1:1 and < 2:1, 7-9 strong, marginal undulations on each side of the body and large, slightly lobed vitelline masses...
February 7, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414919/online-relinquishments-of-dogs-and-cats-in-australia
#12
Susan J Hazel, Caitlin J Jenvey, Jonathan Tuke
While traditionally people relinquish their pets to an animal shelter or pound, the internet provides a newer method to re-home. We analyzed advertisements (ads) on the largest website in Australia for trading dogs and cats: Gumtree. Data was collected in 2016. Dogs were sampled on 7, 16 and 24 February 2016 and cats on 9, 19 and 26 February 2016, with 2640 ads for relinquished dogs, and 2093 ads for relinquished cats. It was estimated >31,000 puppies/dogs and >24,000 kittens/cats are relinquished on Gumtree per year...
February 7, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413370/addition-of-supervised-exercise-training-to-a-post-hospital-disease-management-program-for-patients-recently-hospitalized%C3%A2-with-acute-heart-failure-the-ejection-hf-randomized-phase-4-trial
#13
Alison M Mudge, Charles P Denaro, Adam C Scott, Deborah Meyers, Julie A Adsett, Robert W Mullins, Jessica M Suna, John J Atherton, Thomas H Marwick, Paul Scuffham, Peter O'Rourke
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to measure the impact on all-cause death or readmission of adding center-based exercise training (ET) to disease management programs for patients with a recent acute heart failure (HF) hospitalization. BACKGROUND: ET is recommended for patients with HF, but evidence is based mainly on ET as a single intervention in stable outpatients. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial with blinded outcome assessor, enrolling adult participants with HF discharged from 5 hospitals in Queensland, Australia...
February 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400003/incidence-and-outcome-of-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-in-the-general-and-emergency-department-populations-in-queensland-from-2010-to-2014
#14
Kevin H Chu, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Xiang-Yu Hou, Craig D Winter, Rosalind L Jeffree, Nathan J Brown, Anthony Ft Brown
OBJECTIVES: To determine: (i) incidence and outcome of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) in the general population; and (ii) proportions of SAH in both the general ED population and in ED patients presenting with headache. METHODS: A population-based study in Queensland from January 2010 to December 2014 was conducted. Data were sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Queensland Hospital Admitted Patient Data Collection linked to the Queensland death registry and ED Information System...
February 5, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399777/investigation-of-the-effect-of-equivac%C3%A2-hev-hendra-virus-vaccination-on-thoroughbred-racing-performance
#15
K Schemann, E J Annand, P A Reid, M F Lenz, P C Thomson, N K Dhand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Equivac® HeV Hendra virus vaccine on Thoroughbred racing performance. DESIGN: Retrospective pre-post intervention study. METHODS: Thoroughbreds with at least one start at one of six major south-eastern Queensland race tracks between 1 July 2012 and 31 December 2016 and with starts in the 3-month periods before and after Hendra virus vaccinations were identified. Piecewise linear mixed models compared the trends in 'Timeform rating' and 'margin to winner' before and after initial Hendra virus vaccination...
February 4, 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398570/reliability-of-patient-led-screening-with-the-malnutrition-screening-tool-agreement-between-patient-and-health-care-professional-scores-in-the-cancer-care-ambulatory-setting
#16
Alexandra Di Bella, Claire Blake, Adrienne Young, Anita Pelecanos, Teresa Brown
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of malnutrition in patients with cancer is reported as high as 60% to 80%, and malnutrition is associated with lower survival, reduced response to treatment, and poorer functional status. The Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) is a validated tool when administered by health care professionals; however, it has not been evaluated for patient-led screening. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the reliability of patient-led MST screening through assessment of inter-rater reliability between patient-led and dietitian-researcher-led screening and intra-rater reliability between an initial and a repeat patient screening...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397645/perceptions-about-alcohol-harm-and-alcohol-control-strategies-among-people-with-high-risk-of-alcohol-consumption-in-alberta-canada-and-queensland-australia
#17
Diana C Sanchez-Ramirez, Richard C Franklin, Donald Voaklander
Objectives: To explore alcohol perceptions and their association hazardous alcohol use in the populations of Alberta, Canada and Queensland, Australia. Methods: Data from 2500 participants of the 2013 Alberta Survey and the 2013 Queensland Social Survey was analyzed. Regression analyses were used to explore the association between alcohol perceptions and its association with hazardous alcohol use. Results: Greater hazardous alcohol use was found in Queenslanders than Albertans (p<0...
January 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394930/evaluating-the-prevalence-and-opportunity-for-technology-use-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ann Bonner, Kerri Gillespie, Katrina L Campbell, Katina Corones-Watkins, Bronwyn Hayes, Barbara Harvie, Jaimon T Kelly, Kathryn Havas
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide and early education to improve adherence to self-management is a key strategy to slow CKD progression. The use of the internet and mobile phone technologies (mHealth) to support patients is considered an effective tool in many other chronic disease populations. While a number of mHealth platforms for CKD exist, few studies have investigated if and how this population use technology to engage in self-management. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design across five health districts in Queensland (Australia), a 38-item self-report survey was distributed to adults with CKD attending outpatient clinics or dialysis units to measure current use and type of engagement with mHealth, perceived barriers to use, and opportunities to support CKD self-management...
February 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393766/recruiting-research-higher-degree-students-into-veterinary-science
#19
Michelle Sinclair, Clive Phillips
Research at veterinary schools is usually driven by post-graduate students, yet there has been little or no study of how these students are selected. We undertook a review of the challenges faced in enlisting research higher degree (RHD) students at a long-established veterinary school, the School of Veterinary Science at the University of Queensland. Our aim was to identify the best methods of developing a strategic recruitment program that would enhance veterinary research in the school. A total of 21 academic research supervisors completed a quantitative survey assessing the associated importance placed on a variety of selection criteria and the level of potential challenges presented in recruiting suitable RHD students...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392816/clinically-relevant-improvements-achieved-from-a-facilitated-implementation-of-a-gestational-diabetes-model-of-care
#20
Shelley A Wilkinson, Sally J McCray, Alison Kempe, Bernadette Sellwood
AIM: Medical nutrition therapy is a cornerstone treatment in gestational diabetes; however, most Australian women diagnosed with gestational diabetes do not receive this. The project evaluated adaptation of a successful evidence-based gestational diabetes model of care implementation from a tertiary centre into regional sites with varied demographics, population size and service capacity. METHODS: The project used a hub (project team)-spoke (sites) model in Far North Queensland (Site 1) and regional South-East Queensland (Site 2)...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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