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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330078/potential-of-trichoderma-harzianum-for-control-of-banana-leaf-fungal-pathogens-when-applied-with-a-food-source-and-an-organic-adjuvant
#1
Suren Samuelian
Trichoderma isolates were obtained from diseased leaves and fruit collected from plantations in the main banana production area in Northern Queensland. Phylogenetic analyses identified the Trichoderma isolates as T. harzianum and T. virens. The Trichoderma spp. were found to be antagonistic against the banana leaf pathogens Mycosphaerella musicola, Cordana musae, and Deightoniella torulosa in vitro. Several products used by the banana industry to increase production, including molasses, Fishoil and Seasol, were tested as food source for the Trichoderma isolates...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329631/the-burden-of-keratinocyte-cancer-occurrence-multiplicity-and-predicting-risk
#2
David C Whiteman, Nirmala Pandeya, Bridie Thompson, Padmini Subramaniam, Jean Claude Dusingize, Rachel E Neale, Adele C Green, Catherine M Olsen
The costs of diagnosing and treating basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) are the highest of all cancers in Australia. However, information regarding incidence, multiplicity and risk are scarce as keratinocyte cancers (KCs) are not captured by most registries. To address these gaps, we initiated the QSKIN Study in 2010 recruiting 43,794 Queensland residents from a population register (participation 24%). Participants self-completed a baseline survey recording information on residential history, sun exposure, phenotype and medical and family history...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314748/flight-control-of-fruit-flies-dynamic-response-to-optic-flow-and-headwind
#3
Kiaran K K Lawson, Mandyam V Srinivasan
Insects are magnificent fliers that are capable of performing many complex tasks such as speed regulation, smooth landings, and collision avoidance, even though their computational abilities are limited by their small brain. To investigate how flying insects respond to changes in wind speed and surrounding optic flow, the open-loop sensorimotor response of female Queensland fruit flies (Bactrocera tryoni) was examined. 136 flies were exposed to stimuli comprising sinusoidally varying optic flow and air flow (simulating forward movement) under tethered conditions in a virtual reality arena...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303657/what-does-it-cost-medicare-to-diagnose-and-treat-men-with-localized-prostate-cancer-in-the-first-year
#4
Merehau C Mervin, Anthony Lowe, Robert A Gardiner, David P Smith, Joanne Aitken, Suzanne K Chambers, Louisa G Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate costs on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) attributable to the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. METHODS: We used data from a cohort study of 1064 men with localized prostate cancer recruited between 2005 and 2007 by 24 urologists across 10 sites in Queensland, Australia (ProsCan). We estimated the MBS and PBS costs attributable to prostate cancer from the date of initial appointment to 12 months after diagnosis in 2013 Australian dollars using a comparison group without prostate cancer...
March 16, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291600/evidence-of-multiple-species-of-chilodonella-protozoa-ciliophora-infecting-australian-farmed-freshwater-fishes
#5
Giana Bastos Gomes, Terrence L Miller, David B Vaughan, Dean R Jerry, Christina McCowan, Tracey L Bradley, Kate S Hutson
Parasitic Chilodonella species, Chilodonella piscicola and Chilodonella hexasticha, cause considerable economic losses globally to freshwater farmed fish production. Some genetic studies of Chilodonella spp. have indicated that many species within the genus may form cryptic species complexes. To understand the diversity of Chilodonella spp. infecting Australian freshwater farmed fish, specimens were isolated from infected barramundi (Lates calcarifer) and Murray cod (Maccullochella peelii) from fish farms in tropical north Queensland (QLD), temperate Victoria (Vic) and New South Wales (NSW) for genetic and morphological analysis...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285102/the-impact-of-an-emergency-department-ambulance-offload-nurse-role-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#6
Tanya Greaves, Marion Mitchell, Ping Zhang, Julia Crilly
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an Emergency Department Ambulance Offload Nurse (EDAOLN) role on patient and health services outcomes in one Queensland Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective study of all ED presentations (n=21,454) made to a tertiary hospital ED in Queensland, Australia, during July 9, 2012 - November 2, 2012; 39days before (T1), during (T2) and after (T3) the introduction of the trial of an EDAOLN role. The primary outcome of interest was time to be seen by a clinician...
March 8, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282911/public-understanding-and-attitudes-towards-meat-chicken-production-and-relations-to-consumption
#7
Ihab Erian, Clive J C Phillips
Little is known about public knowledge of meat chicken production and how it influences attitudes to birds' welfare and consumer behaviour. We interviewed 506 members of the public in SE Queensland; Australia; to determine how knowledge of meat chicken production and slaughter links to attitudes and consumption. Knowledge was assessed from 15 questions and low scores were supported by respondents' self-assessed report of low knowledge levels and agreement that their knowledge was insufficient to form an opinion about which chicken products to purchase...
March 9, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281296/sydney-barber-josiah-skertchly-1850-1926-scientist-educator-and-advocate-for-queensland-optometry
#8
Stephen J Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278415/paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-inaugural-annual-report-2014
#9
Yvonne A Zurynski, Jocelynne E McRae, Helen E Quinn, Nicholas J Wood, Kristine K Macartney
INTRODUCTION: The Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) network is a hospital-based active surveillance system employing prospective case ascertainment of selected uncommon vaccine preventable diseases and potential adverse events following immunisation (AEFI). PAEDS enhances other Australian surveillance systems by providing prospective detailed clinical and laboratory data for the same child. METHODS: Specialist surveillance nurses screen hospital admissions, emergency department records, laboratory and other data, to prospectively identify hospitalised children aged under 15 years in 5 paediatric tertiary referral hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268253/paediatric-horse-related-trauma
#10
Jane E Theodore, Sigrid G Theodore, Kellie A Stockton, Roy M Kimble
AIM: This retrospective cohort study reported on the epidemiology of horse-related injuries for patients presenting to the only tertiary paediatric trauma hospital in Queensland. The secondary outcome was to examine the use of helmets and adult supervision. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was examined in relation to helmet use. Morbidity and mortality were also recorded. METHODS: Included were all patients presenting with any horse-related trauma to the Royal Children's Hospital in Brisbane from January 2008 to August 2014...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266284/koala-retrovirus-genotyping-analyses-reveal-a-low-prevalence-of-korv-a-in-victorian-koalas-and-an-association-with-clinical-disease
#11
Alistair R Legione, Jade L S Patterson, Pam Whiteley, Simon M Firestone, Megan Curnick, Kate Bodley, Michael Lynch, James R Gilkerson, Fiona M Sansom, Joanne M Devlin
PURPOSE: Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is undergoing endogenization into the genome of koalas in Australia, providing an opportunity to assess the effect of retrovirus infection on the health of a population. The prevalence of KoRV in north-eastern Australia (Queensland and New South Wales) is 100 %, whereas previous preliminary investigations in south-eastern Australia (Victoria) suggested KoRV is present at a lower prevalence, although the values have varied widely. Here, we describe a large study of free-ranging koalas in Victoria to estimate the prevalence of KoRV and assess the clinical significance of KoRV infection in wild koalas...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266169/establishing-a-dedicated-toxicology-unit-reduces-length-of-stay-of-poisoned-patients-and-saves-hospital-bed-days
#12
Katherine Z Isoardi, Melanie C Armitage, Keith Harris, Colin B Page
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effect on the average length of stay (LOS), relative stay index (RSI), bed days and costs saved following the establishment of a dedicated clinical toxicology unit in an Australian tertiary referral hospital. METHODS: This retrospective descriptive study uses Health Roundtable and other state and federal data to compare the average LOS, RSI, estimated bed days and costs saved by patients admitted with a diagnosis-related group (DRG) of X62 (Poisoning/Toxic Effects of Drugs and Other Substances), over the 4 year period 2012-2015...
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264402/australian-species-of-i-ommatius-i-wiedemann-diptera-asilidae-with-an-anepimeral-bristle
#13
Greg Daniels
The presence of an anepimeral bristle in Australian Ommatius Wiedemann species is newly recorded and descriptions of seven new species possessing this character are presented: O. aquilonaris sp. nov., O. burwelli sp. nov., O. imaginis sp. nov., O. limbatus sp. nov., O. melasmus sp. nov., O. musselbrookensis sp. nov. and O. radamnis sp. nov. All species occur in Queensland but O. melasmus sp. nov. also occurs in New South Wales and O. musselbrookensis sp. nov. also occurs in the Northern Territory. A key to separate the species is presented...
February 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264029/the-epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-melioidosis-in-far-north-queensland-implications-for-patient-management
#14
James D Stewart, Simon Smith, Enzo Binotto, William J McBride, Bart J Currie, Josh Hanson
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology, clinical presentation and management of melioidosis vary around the world. It is essential to define the disease's local features to optimise its management. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Between 1998 and 2016 there were 197 cases of culture confirmed melioidosis in Far North Queensland; 154 (78%) presented in the December-April wet season. 145 (74%) patients were bacteraemic, 58 (29%) were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit and 27 (14%) died; nine (33%) of these deaths occurred within 48 hours of presentation...
March 6, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261623/epidemiology-of-isolated-foot-burns-in-children-presenting-to-a-queensland-paediatric-burns-centre-a-two-year-study-in-warmer-climate
#15
Florence Ngu, Bhaveshkumar Patel, Craig McBride
BACKGROUND: European studies of paediatric foot burns report scalds as the leading cause. Mechanisms of injury are different in warmer climates. We sought to characterize the mechanisms and outcomes of isolated foot burns in our population. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of all children aged 0-15 years presenting to a Queensland paediatric burns centre over a 26-month period. Non-parametric analyses such as the Mann-Whitney U and Pearson Chi-square were used...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260586/molecular-epidemiology-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bloodstream-infection-isolates-in-a-non-outbreak-setting
#16
Kate L McCarthy, Tim J Kidd, David L Paterson
PURPOSE: The molecular epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection (BSI) isolates has received limited attention. This study aims to characterize the molecular relationship of P. aeruginosa BSI isolates in the non-outbreak setting at a single tertiary healthcare facility. METHODOLOGY:   P. aeruginosa BSI isolates from patients who were admitted to the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital over a 13 month period from November 2009 were identified retrospectively from the Pathology Queensland Clinical and Scientific Information System...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260537/characterisation-of-invasive-clinical-haemophilus-influenzae-isolates-in-queensland-australia-using-whole-genome-sequencing
#17
M Staples, R M A Graham, A V Jennison
Haemophilus influenzae is an important aetiological organism of both adult and child respiratory disease. The number of non-typeable (NTHi) invasive H. influenzae isolates referred to the Queensland (QLD) Public Health Microbiology laboratory has increased notably year-by-year. In this study we used whole-genome sequencing to molecularly characterise 100 referred invasive H. influenzae, including 74 NTHi isolates over a 15-year period, observing the carriage of capsular and putative virulence genes, including the major adhesins, antimicrobial resistance genes and population diversity...
March 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259853/effectiveness-of-a-cough-management-algorithm-at-the-transitional-phase-from-acute-to-chronic-cough-in-australian-children-aged-15%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Keith Grimwood, Maree Toombs, Theo P Sloots, Michael Otim, David Whiley, Jennie Anderson, Sheree Rablin, Paul J Torzillo, Helen Buntain, Anne Connor, Don Adsett, Oon Meng Kar, Anne B Chang
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in Australian children and, if recurrent, are associated with increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life. Chronic (>4 weeks) cough in children following ARI is associated with decreased quality-of-life scores and increased health and societal economic costs. We will determine whether a validated evidence-based cough algorithm, initiated when chronic cough is first diagnosed after presentation with ARI, improves clinical outcomes in children compared with usual care...
March 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259090/gender-based-differences-in-injecting-drug-use-by-young-adults-who-experienced-maltreatment-in-childhood-findings-from-an-australian-birth-cohort-study
#19
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a range of adverse mental and psychosocial outcomes, but its association with subsequent injecting drug use (IDU) is less clear. This study investigates the associations between specific and multiple forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment and IDU reported at 21 years. METHOD: The Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy is a prospective birth cohort study. It recruited pregnant women at their first antenatal clinic visit and collected data on their children at 21 years...
February 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257064/a-pilot-study-into-the-association-between-oral-health-status-and-human-papillomavirus-16-infection
#20
Charles Xiaohang Sun, Nigel Bennett, Peter Tran, Kai Dun Tang, Yenkai Lim, Ian Frazer, Lakshman Samaranayake, Chamindie Punyadeera
BACKGROUND: Over the next 20 years, oropharyngeal cancers (OPC) will represent the majority of head and neck cancers (HNCs) in the United States. It is estimated that human papillomavirus (HPV) may account for as much as 70% to 80% of OPCs in North America and in certain parts of Europe. It is hence crucial to understand the disease risk factors and natural history of oral HPV infections. We hypothesized that poor oral health (by measures such as poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease) leads to a higher degree of oral HPV-16 infections within a patient cohort from a dental school clinic...
March 1, 2017: Diagnostics
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