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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025788/brief-mindfulness-meditation-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#1
Zoë Thomas, Marta Novak, Susanna Gabriela Torres Platas, Maryse Gautier, Angela Potes Holgin, Rebecca Fox, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Mark Lipman, Steven Selchen, Istvan Mucsi, Nathan Herrmann, Soham Rej
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Up to 50% of patients undergoing hemodialysis suffer from symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. Access to traditional pharmacotherapies and psychotherapies for depression or anxiety in this patient population has been inadequate. The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of brief mindfulness meditation intervention for patients on hemodialysis with depression and anxiety symptoms. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This study was a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded trial conducted in an urban hemodialysis unit...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024821/improving-the-efficiency-of-psychological-treatment-using-outcome-feedback-technology
#2
Jaime Delgadillo, Karen Overend, Mike Lucock, Martin Groom, Naomi Kirby, Dean McMillan, Simon Gilbody, Wolfgang Lutz, Julian A Rubel, Kim de Jong
AIMS: This study evaluated the impact of applying computerized outcome feedback (OF) technology in a stepped care psychological service offering low and high intensity therapies for depression and anxiety. METHODS: A group of therapists were trained to use OF based on routine outcome monitoring using depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7) measures. Therapists regularly reviewed expected treatment response graphs with patients and discussed cases that were "not on track" in clinical supervision...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022872/arterial-stiffness-is-associated-with-depression-in-middle-aged-men-the-maastricht-study
#3
Veronica Onete, Ronald M Henry, Simone J S Sep, Annemarie Koster, Carla J van der Kallen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Nicolaas Schaper, Sebastian Köhler, Koen Reesink, Coen D A Stehouwer, Miranda T Schram
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffening may underlie the association between depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but reported data are inconsistent. We investigated the associations between aortic stiffness and major depressive disorder (MDD) and depressive symptoms, and whether these differed by sex and age. METHODS: We measured carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using applanation tonometry, and we assessed depression using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in a cohort of participants from The Maastricht Study...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021766/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-functional-relaxation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychoeducation-for-stress
#4
Claas Lahmann, Maria Gebhardt, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Christoph Pieh, Thomas Probst
This randomized controlled trial investigated whether adding the psychodynamically based body-oriented psychotherapy "Functional Relaxation" (FR) to psychoeducation (PE) is more effective than PE alone to reduce stress and stress-associated complaints. Eighty-one participants with elevated stress-levels, ≥50 points on the global scale of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), received either 10 sessions of manualized FR + PE (n = 42) or two sessions of manualized PE alone (n = 39) in a group setting. Six FR trainers took part in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016669/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicide-risk-among-adult-outpatients-at-several-general-hospitals-in-a-chinese-han-population
#5
Haiyan Li, Xinni Luo, Xiaoyin Ke, Qing Dai, Wei Zheng, Chanjuan Zhang, Ryan M Cassidy, Jair C Soares, XiangYang Zhang, Yuping Ning
BACKGROUND: Somatic complaints are often the presenting symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) in the outpatient context, because this may go unrecognized. It is well understood that MDD carries an increased risk of suicide. This study aimed to identify the risk factors and association with both MDD and suicidality among Han Chinese outpatients. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out in 5189 outpatient adults (≥18 years old) in four general hospitals in Guangzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#6
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992900/cultural-differences-in-symptom-representation-for-depression-and-somatization-measured-by-the-phq-between-vietnamese-and-german-psychiatric-outpatients
#7
Annegret Dreher, Eric Hahn, Albert Diefenbacher, Main Huong Nguyen, Kerem Böge, Hannah Burian, Michael Dettling, Ronald Burian, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVE: Despite an extensive body of research on somatic symptom presentation among people of East- and Southeast-Asian descent, results are still inconclusive. Examining and comparing symptom presentation in clinically and ethnically well-characterized populations may constitute a step towards understanding symptom presentation between patients with a different cultural background. This study aims to compare Vietnamese and German patients regarding cultural dynamics of symptom presentation upon first admission to a psychiatric outpatient service...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992899/tailored-online-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-with-or-without-therapist-support-calls-to-target-psychological-distress-in-adults-receiving-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Sam Norton, Federica Picariello, David Game, Amy Carroll, Jonathan Spencer, Paul McCrone, Matthew Hotopf, Lucy Yardley, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent in haemodialysis (HD) patients yet access to psychotherapy remains limited. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of online cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) tailored for HD patients, with or without therapist support, for managing psychological distress. METHODS: This feasibility randomised controlled trial recruited patients from a UK HD centre. Following psychological distress screens, patients with mild-moderate psychological distress (Patient Health Questionnaire PHQ-9; score: 5-19 and/or Generalised Anxiety Disorder; GAD-7 score: 5-14) who met remaining inclusion criteria were approached for consent...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991949/post-intensive-care-unit-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-quality-of-life
#9
Sophia Wang, Chris Mosher, Anthony J Perkins, Sujuan Gao, Sue Lasiter, Sikandar Khan, Malaz Boustani, Babar Khan
The prevalence of psychiatric symptoms ranges from 17% to 44% in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. The relationship between the comorbidity of psychiatric symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in ICU survivors has not been carefully examined. This study examined the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and QoL in 58 survivors of ICU delirium. Patients completed 3 psychiatric screens at 3 months after discharge from the hospital, including the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire for anxiety, and the Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS- 10) questionnaire for posttraumatic stress disorder...
October 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985589/screening-for-psychological-distress-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-anxiety-and-depression-scale-phq-ads-initial-validation-of-structural-validity-in-dialysis-patients
#10
Joseph Chilcot, Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Amy Carroll, David Game, Anna Simpson, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: To validate the factor structure of the Patient Health Questionnaire Anxiety and Depression Scale (PHQ-ADS)- which is a composite measure of depression and anxiety using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), in a sample of haemodialysis patients. METHOD: Screening data (n=182) used to select entry into a feasibility study of an online cognitive-behavioural therapy intervention for distress in dialysis patients were analysed here...
September 28, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984000/phase-ii-trial-of-a-depression-self-care-intervention-for-adult-cancer-survivors
#11
Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Rosana Faria, Sylvie Lambert, Madeline Li, Joannie Poirier-Bisson, Mona Magalhaes, Manon de Raad
Supported self-care interventions are a low-intensity treatment for depression that has received little research attention in the cancer population. This is a phase II intervention only study to test the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effectiveness of a depression self-care intervention for cancer patients who have completed their primary treatment and have moderate depressive symptoms. The self-care intervention was adapted from a successful model for people with chronic physical conditions, following focus groups with cancer care professionals and patients...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983580/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbidly-obese-adolescents-in-singapore
#12
Dallan Dargan, Dmitrii Dolgunov, Khin Thida Soe, Pamela Er, Fathimath Naseer, Davide Lomanto, Jimmy By So, Asim Shabbir
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) outcomes among adolescents and adolescent obesity associated factors in Singapore were evaluated. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of patients aged 16-19 years at first presentation who underwent LSG was retrospectively reviewed. A questionnaire was completed incorporating cigarette, alcohol, dietary and exercise habits; family history of obesity; Berlin and Epworth scores; and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores...
October 6, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983385/can-geriatric-psychiatry-patients-complete-symptoms-self-reports-using-tablets-a-randomized-study
#13
Ghizlane Moussaoui, Ching Yu, Vincent Laliberté, Dominique Elie, Artin A Mahdanian, Benjamin Dawson, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Rej Soham
BACKGROUND: With our aging population and limited number of geriatric psychiatrists, innovations must be made in order to meet the growing demands for geriatric psychiatry services. Emerging technologies could greatly improve access to care and systematic data collection. METHODS: This randomized study compared completion rates and time to completion (primary outcomes) when using iPad technology vs. traditional paper forms to complete self-report psychiatric symptoms...
September 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978366/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-between-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-heterosexual-individuals-receiving-a-primary-care-psychological-intervention
#14
Katharine A Rimes, Matthew Broadbent, Rachel Holden, Qazi Rahman, David Hambrook, Stephani L Hatch, Janet Wingrove
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals experience more anxiety and depression than heterosexual people. Little is known about their comparative treatment response to psychological interventions. AIMS: To compare sociodemographic/clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes across sexual orientation groups, for adults receiving primary care psychological interventions from Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services in London, adjusting for possible confounders...
October 5, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974741/age-specific-association-between-body-mass-index-and-depression-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2014
#15
J Oh, J-H Chae, T-S Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Decades of research have investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and depression. Although it has been suggested that obesity lowers the risk of depression in elderly adults, the association of overweight and obesity with depression across age groups remains controversial. Thus, we aimed to investigate how the odds of depression vary between BMI groups in the general population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this study, data were collected from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2014 (KNHANES VI; n=7550), and 4932 adults were included in the study sample...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969250/prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-stress-anxiety-or-depression-in-functional-dyspepsia-and-outcome-after-appropriate-intervention
#16
Kirti Katherine Kabeer, Nilakanthan Ananthakrishnan, Chetan Anand, Sivaprakash Balasundaram
INTRODUCTION: The association between psychological factors and non-ulcer dyspepsia remains controversial. AIM: To determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) and Stress/Anxiety/Depression (SAD) in patients with Functional Dyspepsia (FD) and assess the outcome at three months after appropriate intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective non-randomized interventional study was conducted on 120 patients with FD. Initial workup included upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to confirm HP infection with either of two tests, the urease test or histopathology...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965089/are-there-researcher-allegiance-effects-in-diagnostic-validation-studies-of-the-phq-9-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Laura Manea, Jan Rasmus Boehnke, Simon Gilbody, Andrew S Moriarty, Dean McMillan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether an authorship effect is found that leads to better performance in studies conducted by the original developers of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) (allegiant studies). DESIGN: Systematic review with random effects bivariate diagnostic meta-analysis. Search strategies included electronic databases, examination of reference lists and forward citation searches. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Included studies provided sufficient data to calculate the diagnostic accuracy of the PHQ-9 against a gold standard diagnosis of major depression using the algorithm or the summed item scoring method at cut-off point 10...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964994/randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-comparing-standard-weekly-versus-optional-weekly-therapist-support
#18
H D Hadjistavropoulos, L H Schneider, M Edmonds, E Karin, M N Nugent, D Dirkse, B F Dear, N Titov
Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is effective for treating anxiety and depression. The relative benefits of offering standard weekly compared to optional weekly therapist support in conjunction with ICBT within routine care has not been examined. Patients seeking ICBT for depression and or anxiety in routine care were randomized to standard (n=92) or optional (n=88) weekly support. The optional approach resulted in therapists receiving half as many messages from (1.70 vs. 3.96) and sending half as many messages to patients (3...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964447/scale-linking-to-enable-patient-reported-outcome-performance-measures-assessed-with-different-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Irene L Katzan, Youran Fan, Sandra D Griffith, Paul K Crane, Nicolas R Thompson, David Cella
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome performance measures (PRO-PMs) incorporate outcomes from the patient's perspective into performance measures and may have great potential to impact health care. The various patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used to assess the same outcome challenge widespread use of PRO-PMs. A potential solution is to statistically link PROMs to provide equivalent PRO-PM conclusions to be drawn regardless of which PROM was used. OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of agreement in the performance of two depression-related PRO-PMs assessed using the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) depression scale and the eight-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Depression short form and the PHQ-9 cocalibrated on the PROMIS metric...
September 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961650/the-prevalence-and-mental-and-physical-health-correlates-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-vulnerable-and-underresourced-primary-care-patients-referred-to-a-behavioral-health-provider
#20
Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Candice N Selwyn, Selena Jackson, Keri Johns, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan, Mary B Smith-West
CONTEXT: The prevalence of trauma exposure among vulnerable, impoverished patients seeking primary care services is considerable. However, assessment of trauma-related symptoms is rare, even among behavioral health patients receiving primary care services within integrated health care centers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of clinically noteworthy trauma-related symptoms and their associations with other co-occurring mental and physical symptoms as well as self-reported resiliency...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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