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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#1
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676225/post-stroke-social-networks-depressive-symptoms-and-disability-in-tanzania-a-prospective-study
#2
Altaf Saadi, Kigocha Okeng'o, Maijo R Biseko, Agness F Shayo, Theoflo N Mmbando, Sara J Grundy, Ai Xu, Robert A Parker, Leah Wibecan, Geetha Iyer, Peter M Onesmo, Boniphace N Kapina, Robert W Regenhardt, Farrah J Mateen
Background Evidence suggests that social networks improve functional recovery after stroke, but this work has not been extended to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Post-stroke depression interferes with functional outcome but is understudied in LMICs. Aims To determine the relationships between social networks, disability, and depressive symptoms in patients surviving 90-days post-stroke in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods Participants ≥ 18 years, admitted ≤ 14 days of stroke onset, were enrolled...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672748/biopsychosocial-profiles-and-functional-correlates-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-preliminary-study
#4
Debra K Weiner, Angela Gentili, Katherine Coffey-Vega, Natalia Morone, Michelle Rossi, Subashan Perera
Objective: To describe key peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) conditions in a group of older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and their association with pain severity and self-reported and performance-based physical function. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Outpatient VA clinics. Subjects: Forty-seven community-dwelling veterans with CLBP (age 68.0 ± 6.5 years, range = 60-88 years, 12.8% female, 66% white) participated...
April 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670500/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-smartphone-application-based-addiction-scale-sabas
#5
Sándor Csibi, Mark D Griffiths, Brian Cook, Zsolt Demetrovics, Attila Szabo
The goal of the study was to validate the English version of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS; Csibi et al. 2016), which is a short and easy-to-use tool for screening the risk of smartphone application-based addiction. Another aim was to identify the most frequently used smartphone applications and their perceived importance by the participants. Data were collected online from 240 English-speaking volunteers, aged 18 to 69 years. The instruments used were the SABAS, the Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q), the Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS), the Deprivation Sensation Scale (DSS), and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668911/the-validity-and-reliability-of-screening-measures-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Charles N Bernstein, Lixia Zhang, Lisa M Lix, Lesley A Graff, John R Walker, John D Fisk, Scott B Patten, Carol A Hitchon, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, Renée El-Gabalawy, James Marriott, Ruth Ann Marrie
Background: We evaluated the validity and reliability of multiple symptom scales for depression and anxiety for persons with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: IBD participants in a cohort study completed a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders (SCID) and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Kessler-6 Distress Scale, PROMIS Emotional Distress Depression Short-Form 8a (PROMIS Depression) and Anxiety Short-Form 8a (PROMIS Anxiety), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale, and Overall Anxiety and Severity Impairment Scale...
April 13, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668725/comparison-of-mental-health-screening-tools-for-detecting-antenatal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-south-african-women
#7
Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman, Mark Tomlinson, Sally Field, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in low and middle-income countries. Screening of pregnant women in primary care antenatal settings provides an opportunity for entry to care, but data are needed on the performance of different screening tools. We compared five widely-used questionnaires in a sample of pregnant women in urban South Africa. METHOD: Pregnant women attending a primary care antenatal clinic were administered five tools by trained research assistants: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Kessler Psychological Distress scale (K10) and a shortened 6-item version (K6), the Whooley questions and the two-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-2)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665820/work-impairment-osteoarthritis-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-in-japan
#8
Ken Nakata, Toshinaga Tsuji, Jeffrey Vietri, Dena H Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of health and work impairment; however, this relationship, especially in Japan, is not well characterized. This study examined work impairment and OA in Japanese workers, specifically the relationship with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional observational study included the data of employed adults with a self-reported OA diagnosis from the 2014 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665516/-cool-and-hot-executive-functions-in-suicide-attempters-with-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Ming-Chou Ho, Yi-Chieh Hsu, Mong-Liang Lu, Michael Gossop, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
RATIONALE: The World Health Organization reports that, by 2030, depression is expected to be the largest contributor to disease burden. Only small proportion of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieves remission and the majority of them do not achieve long-term functional recovery. One of the neuropsychological domains that have been shown to be particularly impaired in depression, is that of executive function (EF). OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the patients with MDD with and without suicide attempts had deteriorated 'cool' EF and 'hot' EF...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665515/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-extended-inpatient-treatment-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-an-examination-of-treatment-response-remission-and-deterioration
#10
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: Experts express reluctance to hospitalize patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) for more than a few days, arguing that extended inpatient care leads to deterioration and adverse events. To date, there is no empirical support for these assertions. AIMS: The current study examined the assumption of iatrogenic effects among BPD adults. METHODS: Clinically significant and reliable change in symptoms, functional capacities, and adverse events were quantified for both inpatients with BPD (n = 245) and a well-matched inpatient reference (n = 220) sample...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663083/-self-hypnosis-training-for-in-hospital-chronic-pain-patients-a-retrolective-observational-study
#11
Peter C Keil, Nicole Lindenberg, Christoph L Lassen, Bernhard M Graf, Jens Meier, Christoph H Wiese
BACKGROUND: Hypnosis is probably one of the oldest therapies known to man. In the last decades modern hypnosis has mainly been used by psychotherapists; however, hypnosis is becoming increasingly more important as a therapeutic method in medicine. Hypnosis can be used for a variety of medical indications. In the literature there is much evidence for the effectiveness of hypnosis. The aim of the present investigation was to demonstrate the effectiveness of hypnosis in inpatient treatment of chronic pain patients and to present a self-hypnosis program, which can be easily integrated into pain therapy...
April 16, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662259/psychometric-validation-of-the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-in-spanish-speaking-adolescents
#12
Daniel Serrani Azcurra
Introduction: Adolescent suicide is a major public health issue, and early and accurate detection is of great concern. There are many reliable instruments for this purpose, such as the Columbia-Suicide severity rating scale (C-SSRS), but no validation exists for Spanish speaking Latin American adolescents. Objetive: To assess psychometric properties and cut-off scores of the C-SSRS in Spanish speaking adolescents. Methods: Exploratory assessment with principal component analysis (PCA) and Varimax rotation, and confirmatory analysis (CFA) were performed on two groups with 782 and 834 participants respectively (N=1616)...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660645/the-association-between-severity-of-depression-and-prescription-opioid-misuse-among-chronic-pain-patients-with-and-without-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Daniel Feingold, Silviu Brill, Itay Goor-Aryeh, Yael Delayahu, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: In light of the increased rates of Prescription Opioid (PO) misuse and associated mortality in several developed countries in recent years, efforts have been made to identify populations who may be at increased risk for misuse of POs. Though the association between depression and PO misuse among pain patients is well documented, little is known regarding the effects of severity of depression on rates of misuse. In this study we explored rates of PO misuse among chronic pain patients screening positive for depression according to level of severity...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659757/depression-and-anxiety-as-risk-factors-for-delayed-care-seeking-behavior-in-hiv-positive-individuals-in-south-africa
#14
Madhura S Rane, Ting Hong, Sabina Govere, Hilary Thulare, Mahomed-Yunus Moosa, Connie Celum, Paul K Drain
Background: Facility- and community-based efforts to improve HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa may benefit from understanding how mental health influences HIV care-seeking behavior. Methods: We conducted a study among adults presenting for HIV testing in the Umlazi township of South Africa. Prior to testing, we measured depression using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and anxiety using Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scale. We categorized patients as delayed presenters (presenting to clinic >3 months after first HIV positive test), late testers (presenting within 3 months of diagnosis with a CD4 count ≤200 cells per μl), or neither...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659106/individual-treatment-selection-for-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Anne-Katharina Deisenhofer, Jaime Delgadillo, Julian A Rubel, Jan R Böhnke, Dirk Zimmermann, Brian Schwartz, Wolfgang Lutz
BACKGROUND: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Tf-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are two highly effective treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, on an individual level, PTSD patients vary substantially in treatment response. The aim of the paper is to test the application of a treatment selection method based on a personalized advantage index (PAI). METHOD: The study used clinical data for patients accessing treatment for PTSD in a primary care mental health service in the north of England...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655640/how-are-ocular-signs-and-symptoms-of-dry-eye-associated-with-depression-in-women-with-and-without-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#16
John A Gonzales, Annie Chou, Jennifer R Rose-Nussbaumer, Vatinee Y Bunya, Lindsey A Criswell, Caroline H Shiboski, Thomas M Lietman
PURPOSE: To determine whether ocular phenotypic features of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and/or participant-reported symptoms of dry eye disease are associated with depression in women participants enrolled in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Women enrolled in the SICCA registry from 9 international research sites. Participants met at least one of five inclusion criteria for registry enrollment (including complaints of dry eyes or dry mouth, a previous diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), abnormal serology (positive anti-Sjögren's syndrome-related antigen A and/or B (anti-SSA and/or anti-SSB), or elevated anti-nuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor), bilateral parotid gland enlargement, or multiple dental caries)...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653416/the-structure-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-pregnant-women-in-spain
#17
Rosa Marcos-Nájera, Huynh-Nhu Le, María F Rodríguez-Muñoz, María Eugenia Olivares Crespo, Nuria Izquierdo Mendez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate psychometric properties and the factor structure of the Spanish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) in pregnant women received care in an urban public hospital in Spain. RESEARCH DESIGN/SETTING: In a cross-sectional study, the reliability and factor structure were examined. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the latent structure of the PHQ-9 with a pregnant Spanish-speaking sample (n = 445) recruited during the first trimester in an obstetrics clinic in Madrid...
March 27, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653295/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-group-intervention-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety
#18
Barbara Shulman, Royce Dueck, Deirdre Ryan, Genevieve Breau, Isabel Sadowski, Shaila Misri
BACKGROUND: Many women experience moderate-to-severe depression and anxiety in the postpartum period for which pharmacotherapy is often the first-line treatment. Many breastfeeding mothers are reticent to increase their dose or consider additional medication, despite incomplete response, due to potential adverse effects on their newborn. These mothers are amenable to non-pharmacological intervention for complete symptom remission. The current study evaluated the feasibility of an eight-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644783/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-and-psychosocial-distress-in-german-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-aya
#19
Kristina Geue, Elmar Brähler, Hermann Faller, Martin Härter, Holger Schulz, Joachim Weis, Uwe Koch, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: This study provides prevalence data of mental disorders (four-week, one-year, lifetime) and psychological distress in AYAs with cancer. METHODS: We included an AYA-subsample (15 to 39 year olds; diagnosed within the last 5 years) extracted from a larger sample (4.020 cancer patients) who had been recruited for an epidemiological study across all major tumor entities. Participants were assessed with a depression screener (PHQ-9). Following that, 50% of the participants who scored below the cutoff of 9 and all patients who scored above were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for Oncology (CIDI-O)...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644388/the-relation-between-obesity-and-depressed-mood-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-study
#20
Deborah Gibson-Smith, Mariska Bot, Marieke Snijder, Mary Nicolaou, Eske M Derks, Karien Stronks, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
PURPOSE: To examine the association between obesity and depressed mood in a large multi-ethnic population and check for consistency in this association across six ethnic groups. METHODS: Data of 21,030 persons (18-70 years) were sourced from the HELIUS study. Cross-sectional relationships between obesity measures [body mass index (kg/m2 ) and waist circumference (cm)] and depressed mood (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10) were analysed. Consistency of associations was investigated across ethnic groups by interaction terms (ethnicity*obesity measures) in basic (age, sex, education) and fully (health behaviours and somatic health) adjusted models...
April 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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