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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640865/association-between-suicide-related-ideations-and-affective-temperaments-in-the-japanese-general-adult-population
#1
Nobuyuki Mitsui, Yukiei Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Niki Udo, Kan Kitagawa, Yumi Wakatsuki, Rie Kameyama, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Yoichi M Ito, Yuji Kitaichi, Shin Nakagawa, Ichiro Kusumi
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates are vastly higher in Japan than in many other countries, although the associations between affective temperaments and suicide-related ideations in the general adult population remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate these associations in the present study. METHODS: We analyzed data from 638 Japanese volunteers who completed both the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634383/discrepancy-between-objective-and-subjective-cognition-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Manit Srisurapanont, Sirijit Suttajit, Kanokkwan Eurviriyanukul, Prirada Varnado
This study aimed to determine: i) the correlation between objective and subjective cognition, ii) the correlates of objective and subjective cognition and iii) the predictors of discrepancy between objective and subjective cognition. Participants were non-elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). We assessed subjective cognition using the Perceived Deficit Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) and objective cognition using Face I and Face II tests of the Wechsler Memory Scale, 3rd edition and Digit Span and Matrix Reasoning tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults, 3rd edition...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629295/reliability-and-validity-of-somali-version-of-the-phq-9-in-primary-care-practice
#3
Vasumathi Nallusamy, Mohamud Afgarshe, Heather Shlosser
Objectives Depression is one of the common mental health problems noticed in immigrants because of the experiences related to their resettlement which is the case for Somali population. Depression increases mortality, morbidity, disability, and costs of health care which can be controlled by screening depression in the primary care setting using a culturally and linguistically congruent screening tool. The aim of the current study is to translate the English PHQ-9 into Somali language using evidence-based translational methodology and establish psychometric properties of the Somali PHQ-9...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624902/screening-for-depression-in-arthritis-populations-an-assessment-of-differential-item-functioning-in-three-self-reported-questionnaires
#4
Jinxiang Hu, Michael M Ward
PURPOSE: To determine if persons with arthritis differ systematically from persons without arthritis in how they respond to questions on three depression questionnaires, which include somatic items such as fatigue and sleep disturbance. METHODS: We extracted data on the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Kessler-6 (K-6) scale from three large population-based national surveys. We assessed items on these questionnaires for differential item functioning (DIF) between persons with and without self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis using multiple indicator multiple cause models, which controlled for the underlying level of depression and important confounders...
June 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#5
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623911/moderate-mental-illness-as-a-predictor-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening
#6
Ginetta Salvalaggio, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Manca
BACKGROUND: Primary care plays a pivotal role in the provision of both mental health care and chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). Unfortunately, moderate mental illness (MMI) is associated with poorer general health outcomes. Part of this burden of illness may be due to reduced CDPS uptake. The Building on the Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention in Primary Care (BETTER) trial recruited 777 participants ages 40-65 from 32 family practice panels, of whom 135 (18...
June 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621706/nada-ear-acupuncture-an-adjunctive-therapy-to-improve-and-maintain-positive-outcomes-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#7
Kenneth Carter, Michelle Olshan-Perlmutter, Jonathan Marx, Janet F Martini, Simon B Cairns
The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol (NADA) is an adjunctive therapy using 1 to 5 invariant ear acupuncture/acupressure points. This is a randomized prospective study to determine if NADA plus traditional treatment enhance outcomes: quality of life, depression, anxiety and abstinence from substance abuse. There were 100 patients enrolled in the Keystone Substance Abuse Services-Winthrop University Department of Sociology and Anthropology NADA study. All patients completed Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES) prior to starting the program and at program completion...
June 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621153/depression-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yafei Cui, Lin Li, Rulan Yin, Qian Zhao, Shengnan Chen, Qiuxiang Zhang, Biyu Shen
There is substantial uncertainty regarding the prevalence of depression in Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). We conducted a systematic review aiming to evaluate the association of pSS with depression. PubMed, Web of Science, VIP, CNKI and Wanfang database were searched to find the published literatures (from these databases established to October 2016). Studies were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and the qualities of included studies were evaluated. The data was analyzed using Revman5...
June 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619701/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-intervention-in-reducing-depression-and-sickness-absence-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Till Beiwinkel, Tabea Eißing, Nils-Torge Telle, Elisabeth Siegmund-Schultze, Wulf Rössler
BACKGROUND: Depression is highly prevalent in the working population and is associated with significant loss of workdays; however, access to evidence-based treatment is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a Web-based intervention in reducing mild to moderate depression and sickness absence. METHODS: In an open-label randomized controlled trial, participants were recruited from a large-scale statutory health insurance and were assigned to two groups...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617024/evaluating-transformation-with-available-resources-the-influence-of-apex-on-depression-screening
#10
Peter C Smith, Shandra M Brown Levey, Corey Lyon
OBJECTIVE: The University of Colorado developed and piloted a team-based primary care delivery model called ambulatory process excellence (APEX) in a family medicine residency in 2015. We evaluated its impact on depression screening using found data and tools readily available to practice-based evaluators. METHOD: The APEX model calls for 5 medical assistants (MAs) supporting 2 providers. MAs have dedicated time to provide delegated care, including depression screening with 2 versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire: PHQ-2 and PHQ-9...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613971/cognitive-behavior-therapy-self-help-booklet-to-decrease-depression-and-alcohol-use-among-people-with-alcohol-dependence-in-thailand
#11
Darawan Thapinta, Sombat Skulphan, Voranut Kitsumban, Chaowanee Longchoopol
Individuals with disorders co-occurring of depression and alcohol dependence are clinically more complex and more difficult to keep well than those diagnosed with either depression or alcohol dependence alone. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has shown to help reduce patients' symptoms of depression and alcohol use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a CBT self-help booklet (CBT-SHB) with usual care in decreasing depression and alcohol use among people with co-occurring alcohol dependence and mild depression...
June 14, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613090/personality-disorders-in-primary-care-impact-on-depression-outcomes-within-collaborative-care
#12
Kurt B Angstman, Ashok Seshadri, Alberto Marcelin, Cesar A Gonzalez, Gregory M Garrison, Jay-Sheree Allen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with personality disorders (PDs) are high utilizers of primary care and mental health services; however, they struggle to utilize the care effectively and studies have shown a strong association between having a PD and higher impairment in social role functioning. This is especially important because PDs are highly comorbid with a wide range of other mental health disorders. The collaborative care model (CCM) for depression was developed with an emphasis on patient engagement and aimed to reduce health care utilization, while improving treatment outcomes in primary care...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611986/scipad-effective-implementation-of-telemedicine-using-ipads-with-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-case-series
#13
Kazuko Shem, Samantha J Sechrist, Eleanor Loomis, Linda Isaac
BACKGROUND: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) must often travel long distances to see a rehabilitation specialist. While telemedicine (TM) for pressure ulcer management has been used in this population, real-time video telecommunication using iPad has never been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide specialized care for persons with SCI through TM consultation expediently in order to address medical needs, manage secondary complications, and to improve quality of life (QoL) of individuals with SCI...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606494/screening-for-depression-rasch-analysis-of-the-structural-validity-of-the-phq-9-in-acutely-injured-trauma-survivors
#14
Kaj Sparle Christensen, Eva Oernboel, Doug Zatzick, Joan Russo
OBJECTIVE: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is widely used for screening of depression in acutely injured trauma survivors. Rasch analysis has been used to evaluate its measurement characteristics. This paper aims: 1) to assess the psychometric properties of the nine PHQ-9 items and 2) to determine the structural validity of using the total PHQ-9 score as a clinical outcome measure. METHODS: PHQ-9 data for 937 persons aged 18-60years admitted to 20 level 1 trauma centers in the United States were included...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605666/feasibility-of-screening-and-prevalence-of-prenatal-depression-in-an-obstetric-setting-in-spain
#15
María de la Fe Rodríguez-Muñoz, Huynh-Nhu Le, Ivette Vargas de la Cruz, María Eugenia Olivares Crespo, Nuria Izquierdo Méndez
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal depression is a significant public health problem and one of the main risk factors for postpartum depression. Limited research in perinatal depression has been conducted in Spain. The objectives of this study was to: (1) examine the feasibility of integrating a screening program for prenatal depression in an obstetrics setting in a large urban hospital in Spain; and (2) provide an initial estimate of the prevalence rate of the severity of depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603908/depression-profile-in-cancer-patients-and-patients-without-a-chronic-somatic-disease
#16
Christoph Nikendei, Valentin Terhoeven, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Imad Maatouk, Beate Wild, Wolfgang Herzog, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether depressed oncology patients show a specific depressive symptom profile, we compared depression symptoms in depressed cancer patients (CANCER-DEP) and depressed patients without a chronic somatic disease (NONCANCER-DEP). METHODS: Of a total of 2493 outpatients from a comprehensive cancer center and a center for psychosocial medicine, 1054 (42.3%) met the DSM-5 criteria for depression, measured with the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
June 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599624/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-medical-students-in-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Stewart Ndutard Ngasa, Carlson-Babila Sama, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Kilton Neba Nforchu, Maxime Tindong, Desmond Aroke, Christian Akem Dimala
BACKGROUND: Depression is an important contributor to the global burden disease that affects people of communities all over the world. With high level of demands in academics and psychosocial pressure, medical students during their course of training tend to become depressed, leading to problems later in professional life and compromising patient care. In Cameroon, there is lack of data on the prevalence of depression and its impact on medical students. To determine the prevalence and predisposing factors associated with depression among medical students in Cameroon (preclinical and clinical)...
June 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599621/the-comparative-effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-generic-counselling-in-the-treatment-of-depression-evidence-from-the-2-nd-uk-national-audit-of-psychological-therapies
#18
Jo Pybis, David Saxon, Andy Hill, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is the front-line psychological intervention for step 3 within UK psychological therapy services. Counselling is recommended only when other interventions have failed and its effectiveness has been questioned. METHOD: A secondary data analysis was conducted of data collected from 33,243 patients across 103 Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services as part of the second round of the National Audit of Psychological Therapies (NAPT)...
June 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592366/unmet-needs-for-information-and-psychosocial-support-in-relation-to-quality-of-life-and-emotional-distress-a-comparison-between-gynecological-and-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Hermann Faller, Elmar Brähler, Martin Härter, Monika Keller, Holger Schulz, Karl Wegscheider, Joachim Weis, Anna Boehncke, Katrin Reuter, Matthias Richard, Susanne Sehner, Uwe Koch, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: We compared gynecological and breast cancer patients regarding their needs for information and psychosocial support, quality of life (QoL), and emotional distress and the relationship among these constructs. METHODS: In a multicenter, cross-sectional study in Germany, we evaluated 1214 female cancer patients (317 with gynecological cancer, 897 with breast cancer). We obtained self-reports of unmet needs, using a self-developed measure. We measured QoL with the EORTC QLQ-C30, symptoms of depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and symptoms of anxiety with the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7)...
May 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591352/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-brazilian-adults-pns-2013
#20
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Renata Cruz Soares de Azevedo, Lhais Barbosa de Paula Medina, Claudia de Souza Lopes, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of health-related behaviors according to presence and type of depression in Brazilian adults. METHODS: Based on a sample of 49,025 adults (18 to 59 years) from the National Survey on Health 2013 (PNS 2013), we estimated the prevalence of health-related behaviors (smoking; passive smoking; frequent or risky alcohol consumption; leisure time physical activity; time watching TV; and eating pattern indicators), according to the presence of depression (minor and major), evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9), and the report of depressive mood (in up to seven days or more than seven days) over a two-week period...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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