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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821444/circumferential-fusion-a-comparative-analysis-between-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-posterior-pedicle-screw-fixation-and-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-l5-s1-isthmic-spondylolisthesis
#1
Erik Y Tye, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Andrea S Alonso, Roy Xiao, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz, Jason W Savage
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) or anterior lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screws (ALIFPS) offer significantly higher radiographic fusion rates than other fusion techniques for L5-S1 isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS). As it stands, there is a relative paucity of comparative data of the two techniques. PURPOSE: To define the clinical, radiographic, and financial differences between TLIF and ALIFPS for L5-S1 IS. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A retrospective cohort study conducted at a single-tertiary care center...
August 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818145/protective-effects-of-emotional-intelligence-and-proactive-coping-on-civil-pilots-mental-health
#2
Yaning Guo, Ming Ji, Xuqun You, Jie Huang
INTRODUCTION: Pilots' mental health is an issue of crucial importance that may endanger flight safety. As such, it is of profound significance to address the question of what characteristics are protective of mental health among pilots. The present study aimed to explore the indirect effects of emotional intelligence (EI) on depression and anxiety via proactive coping, and examine the moderating role of previous flight experience (PFE) in the conditional indirect effect of EI on depression through proactive coping...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#3
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810838/violence-and-depression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tanzania
#4
Lucy R Mgopa, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Pedro Pallangyo
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be at an increased risk of Violence, HIV transmission and Mental Disorders such as depression on top of many other bio-psycho-socio challenges they face as a result of their sexual orientation. METHODS: We recruited 345 MSM using a respondent driven sampling technique. Revised Conflict Tactic Scale, PHQ-9 and questions adapted from the TDHS 2010 were used to assess for violence, depression and HIV-risk behaviors respectively...
August 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806775/depression-screening-with-patient-targeted-feedback-in-cardiology-the-cost-effectiveness-of-depscreen-info
#5
Christian Brettschneider, Sebastian Kohlmann, Benjamin Gierk, Bernd Löwe, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Although depression is common in patients with heart disease, screening for depression is much debated. DEPSCREEN-INFO showed that a patient-targeted feedback in addition to screening results in lower depression level six months after screening. The purpose of this analysis was to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of DEPSCREEN-INFO. METHODS: Patients with coronary heart disease or arterial hypertension were included. Participants in both groups were screened for depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805404/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-care-implementation-using-re-aim
#6
Bethany M Kwan, Sanjay Chadha, Mika K Hamer, David Spagnolo, Sheila Kee
INTRODUCTION: Application of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework using mixed methods to evaluate a collaborative care practice implementation can inform the literature on real-world collaborative care experiences. METHOD: Two primary care practices serving Niagara Falls, NY, implemented collaborative care. Adults age 18 and over were screened at least annually for depression, anxiety, and alcohol use using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), and the AUDIT alcohol consumption questionnaire (AUDIT-C)...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803091/depression-a-major-contributor-to-poor-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#7
K S Grotmol, H C Lie, M J Hjermstad, N Aass, D Currow, S Kaasa, T Å Moum, A Pigni, J H Loge
CONTEXT: Quality of life (QoL) and depression are important patient-reported outcomes in cancer care. However, the relative importance of depression severity in predicting QoL remains unclear due to few methodologically sound studies. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether depression contributes to impairment of QoL irrespective of prognostic factors and symptom burden. METHODS: 563 patients were included from the European Palliative Care Research Collaborative Study (EPCRC-CSA), an international, multi-centre, cross-sectional study...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797829/time-to-remission-from-mild-to-moderate-depressive-symptoms-one-year-results-from-the-evident-study-an-rct-of-an-internet-intervention-for-depression
#8
Jan Philipp Klein, Christina Späth, Johanna Schröder, Björn Meyer, Wolfgang Greiner, Martin Hautzinger, Wolfgang Lutz, Matthias Rose, Eik Vettorazzi, Gerhard Andersson, Fritz Hohagen, Steffen Moritz, Thomas Berger
BACKGROUND: Internet interventions are effective in treating depressive symptoms but few studies conducted a long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of an internet intervention in increasing the remission rate over a twelve months period. METHODS: A total of 1013 participants with mild to moderate depressive symptoms were randomized to either care as usual alone or a 12-week internet intervention (Deprexis) plus usual care. Self-rated depression severity (PHQ-9) was assessed regularly over twelve months...
July 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794972/fractional-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-falff-in-post-stroke-depression
#9
Natalia Egorova, Michele Veldsman, Toby Cumming, Amy Brodtmann
Depression is a common outcome following stroke, associated with reduced quality of life and poorer recovery. Despite attempts to associate depression symptoms with specific lesion sites, the neural basis of post-stroke depression remains poorly understood. Resting state fMRI has provided new insights into the neural underpinnings of post-stroke depression, but has been limited to connectivity analyses exploring interregional correlations in the time-course of activity. Other aspects of resting state BOLD signal remain unexamined...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793892/utility-of-the-phq-9-to-identify-major-depressive-disorder-in-adult-patients-in-spanish-primary-care-centres
#10
Roger Muñoz-Navarro, Antonio Cano-Vindel, Leonardo Adrián Medrano, Florian Schmitz, Paloma Ruiz-Rodríguez, Carmen Abellán-Maeso, Maria Antonia Font-Payeras, Ana María Hermosilla-Pasamar
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Spanish primary care (PC) centres is high. However, MDD is frequently underdiagnosed and consequently only some patients receive the appropriate treatment. The present study aims to determine the utility of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to identify MDD in a subset of PC patients participating in the large PsicAP study. METHODS: A total of 178 patients completed the full PHQ test, including the depression module (PHQ-9)...
August 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783530/validation-of-the-who-5-as-a-first-step-screening-instrument-for-depression-in-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-diabetes-miles-australia
#11
Jennifer A Halliday, Christel Hendrieckx, Lucy Busija, Jessica L Browne, Giesje Nefs, François Pouwer, Jane Speight
AIMS: Screening for depression is recommended internationally. The World Health Organization's 5-item Well-being Index (WHO-5) is used clinically to screen for depression but its empirical suitability for this purpose is not well documented. We investigated the psychometric properties of the WHO-5 and its suitability for identifying likely depression in Australian adults with diabetes. METHODS: The Diabetes MILES - Australia study dataset provided a sample of N=3249 who completed the WHO-5 (positively-worded 5-item measure of emotional well-being) and the PHQ-9 (9-item measure of depressive symptoms)...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781162/outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-effects-on-patient-improvement-outcomes
#12
Fergus W Gardiner, Elizabeth Regan, Ezekiel U Nwose, Phillip T Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program had positive effects on the patient medically as well as effects on pathological risk factors, functional capacity, and mental health; and the extent to which targets for blood pressure (BP) control in patients with hypertension (HT) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are achieved. METHODOLOGY: CR participant data was collected from 1st June 2014 until 31st December 2015 (19 months), which included: demographics, medical history, social history, medications, lipid profiles and anthropometric measurements...
July 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781093/hair-cortisol-as-a-biological-marker-for-burnout-symptomatology
#13
Marlene Penz, Tobias Stalder, Robert Miller, Vera M Ludwig, Magdalena K Kanthak, Clemens Kirschbaum
Burnout is a syndrome with negative impact on cognitive performance and mood as a consequence of long-term stress at work. It is further associated with increased risk for mental and physical diseases. One potential pathway to mediate chronic work-stress and adverse health conditions in burnout is through alterations in long-term glucocorticoid secretion. Here, we present cross-sectional data on hair cortisol/cortisone (hairF/hairE) concentrations and burnout from a population-based sample of the Dresden Burnout Study (DBS; N=314 hair samples)...
July 23, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777954/association-between-blood-folate-concentrations-and-depression-in-reproductive-aged-u-s-women-nhanes-2011-2012
#14
Brenda Nguyen, Paul Weiss, Hind Beydoun, Vijaya Kancherla
BACKGROUND: Blood folate concentrations have been linked to an increased risk of depression in adults. Depression is particularly pronounced among women; however, the association between folate concentration and depression is not well-examined among women of reproductive age. The purpose of our study was to assess the association between low serum and red blood cell folate concentration and the risk of moderate to severe depression among non-pregnant women of reproductive age in the United States (U...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776084/the-association-of-depressive-symptoms-and-diabetes-distress-with-glycaemic-control-and-diabetes-complications-over-2%C3%A2-years-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Khalida Ismail, Calum D Moulton, Kirsty Winkley, John C Pickup, Stephen M Thomas, Roy A Sherwood, Daniel Stahl, Stephanie A Amiel
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We examined the associations between depressive symptoms and diabetes distress with glycaemic control and diabetes complications over 2 years, after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a multi-ethnic, primary care cohort (n = 1735) of adults, all with recent (<6 months) diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, we measured the associations between depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] score ≥10) and diabetes distress (Problem Areas in Diabetes [PAID] score ≥40), with change in 2 year HbA1c as the primary outcome and with incident rates of diabetes complications as secondary outcomes...
August 3, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763451/effectiveness-of-a-stepped-care-intervention-to-prevent-major-depression-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-or-coronary-heart-disease-and-subthreshold-depression-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Alide D Pols, Susan E van Dijk, Judith E Bosmans, Trynke Hoekstra, Harm W J van Marwijk, Maurits W van Tulder, Marcel C Adriaanse
PURPOSE: Given the public health significance of poorly treatable co-morbid major depressive disorders (MDD) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and coronary heart disease (CHD), we need to investigate whether strategies to prevent the development of major depression could reduce its burden of disease. We therefore evaluated the effectiveness of a stepped-care program for subthreshold depression in comparison with usual care in patients with DM2 and/or CHD. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial, with 27 primary care centers serving as clusters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763404/depression-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-prevalence-risk-factors-and-association-with-functional-disabilities
#17
Maytinee Srifuengfung, Kajohnsak Noppakun, Manit Srisurapanont
This study examined the prevalence, risk factors, and disability associated with depression. We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study in 217 consecutive kidney transplant (KT) recipients routinely followed-up at a Kidney Transplantation Clinic in Northern Thailand. Participants were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the 12-item self-report of World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, Version 2.0 (WHODAS). Twenty-eight (12...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762106/depression-symptoms-in-haemodialysis-patients-predict-all-cause-mortality-but-not-kidney-transplantation-a-cause-specific-outcome-analysis
#18
Joseph Chilcot, Ayman Guirguis, Karin Friedli, Michael Almond, Clara Day, Maria Da Silva-Gane, Andrew Davenport, Naomi A Fineberg, Benjamin Spencer, David Wellsted, Ken Farrington
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in haemodialysis (HD) patients and associated with poor outcomes. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether depression symptoms predict survival and transplantation in a large sample of haemodialysis patients using cause-specific survival models. METHODS: Survival data was collected between April 2013 and November 2015, as part of the screening phase of a multicentre randomised placebo-controlled trial of sertraline in HD patients...
July 31, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761646/psychometric-validation-of-the-hypoglycemia-fear-survey-ii-hfs-ii-in-singapore
#19
Amanda Yun Rui Lam, Xiaohui Xin, Wee Boon Tan, Daphne Su-Lyn Gardner, Su-Yen Goh
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional study to adapt and validate the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-II (HFS-II) for use in Singapore among persons with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 144 patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes on insulin therapy for at least a year completed the HFS-II between September and December 2013 in the Diabetes Center at Singapore General Hospital. We examined the validity (content, concurrent and discriminant validity, and construct validity) and reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability) of the instrument...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756141/evaluation-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-2-as-a-screening-tool-for-depression-during-the-acute-stroke-admission
#20
Lakshmi Shankar, Nicole Smith, Ken Uchino, Nicolas R Thompson, Leopoldo Pozuelo, Irene L Katzan
BACKGROUND: The ideal time to screen for poststroke depression remains uncertain. We evaluated the 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) as a screening tool for depression during the acute stroke admission by determining the prevalence of positive depression screen during admission and by calculating the level of agreement between positive screens during admission and follow-up. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of adult stroke survivors discharged January to December 2013 with principal discharge diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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