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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340444/comparative-effectiveness-of-dual-action-versus-single-action-antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#1
Jon C Mills, Jeffrey S Harman, Robert L Cook, Nicole M Marlow, Christopher A Harle, R Paul Duncan, Angela M Bengtson, Brian W Pence
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common psychiatric comorbidity among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Little is known about the comparative effectiveness between different types of antidepressants used to treat depression in this population. We compared the effectiveness of dual-action and single-action antidepressants in PLWHA for achieving remission from depression. METHODS: We used data from the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinic Systems to identify 1175 new user dual-action or single-action antidepressant treatment episodes occurring from 2005 to 2014 for PLWHA diagnosed with depression...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339686/movement-patterns-in-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-use-of-a-mood-monitoring-mobile-application-in-pregnancy
#2
Laura J Faherty, Liisa Hantsoo, Dina Appleby, Mary D Sammel, Ian M Bennett, Douglas J Wiebe
Objectives: To examine, using a smartphone application, whether mood is related to daily movement patterns in pregnant women at risk for perinatal depression. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six women with elevated depression symptoms (PHQ-9 ≥ 5) in pregnancy used the application for 8 weeks. Mood was reported using application-administered surveys daily (2 questions) and weekly (PHQ-9 and GAD-7). The application measured daily mobility (distance travelled on foot) and travel radius...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338849/a-preventative-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults-lifestyle-matters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Gail Mountain, Gill Windle, Daniel Hind, Stephen Walters, Anju Keertharuth, Robin Chatters, Kirsty Sprange, Claire Craig, Sarah Cook, Ellen Lee, Tim Chater, R Woods, Louise Newbould, Lauren Powell, Katy Shortland, Jennifer Roberts
Objectives: to test whether an occupation-based lifestyle intervention can sustain and improve the mental well-being of adults aged 65 years or over compared to usual care, using an individually randomised controlled trial. Participants: 288 independently living adults aged 65 years or over, with normal cognition, were recruited from two UK sites between December 2011 and November 2015. Interventions: lifestyle Matters is a National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommended multi-component preventive intervention designed to improve the mental well-being of community living older people at risk of decline...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333536/mom-net-evaluation-of-an-internet-facilitated-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-low-income-depressed-mothers
#4
Lisa B Sheeber, Edward G Feil, John R Seeley, Craig Leve, Jeff M Gau, Betsy Davis, Erik Sorensen, Steve Allan
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an Internet-facilitated cognitive-behavioral treatment intervention for depression, tailored to economically disadvantaged mothers of young children. METHOD: Economically disadvantaged mothers (N = 266) of preschool aged children, who reported elevated levels of depressive symptoms, were randomized to either the 8-session, Internet-facilitated intervention (Mom-Net) or to Motivational Interviewing and Referral to Services (MIRS). Outcomes were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9; Spitzer et al...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330680/screening-for-and-subsequent-participation-in-a-trial-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-treated-in-primary-care-who-do-we-reach
#5
Corinne H Stoop, Giesje Nefs, Victor J Pop, François Pouwer
AIMS: This study investigated (factors related to) (a) the response to a screening procedure for depression and anxiety in people with type 2 diabetes in primary care, and (b) participation in a subsequent randomised controlled trial targeting depressive or anxiety symptoms. METHODS: People with type 2 diabetes (n=1837) received a screening questionnaire assessing depressive symptoms (PHQ-9) and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7). Eligible persons who scored above the cut-off score (PHQ-9≥7 or GAD-7≥8) were offered to participate in the trial...
March 18, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324317/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-and-migraine-a-symptom-based-approach-research
#6
Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, Juliane P P Mercante, Patricia R Tobo, Helder Kamei, Marcelo Eduardo Bigal
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and mood disorders have been shown to be the most relevant psychiatric comorbidities associated with migraine, influencing its clinical course, treatment response, and clinical outcomes. Limited information is available on how specific anxiety and depression symptoms are related to migraine. Symptoms-based approach, a current trend in mental health research, may improve our understanding in migraine comorbidity. The purpose of this study was to analyze how anxiety and depression aspects are related to migraine through a symptom-based approach...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321455/comorbid-psychopathology-and-everyday-functioning-in-a-brief-intervention-study-to-reduce-khat-use-among-somalis-living-in-kenya-description-of-baseline-multimorbidity-its-effects-of-intervention-and-its-moderation-effects-on-substance-use
#7
Marina Widmann, Bernice Apondi, Abednego Musau, Abdulkadir Hussein Warsame, Maimuna Isse, Victoria Mutiso, Clemens Veltrup, David Ndetei, Michael Odenwald
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Migration and khat use were found to correlate with high rates of psychopathology. In this paper we aimed for assessing baseline multimorbidity and its interactions with a Brief Intervention. METHODS: In the RCT, 330 male Somali khat users were assigned to treatment conditions (khat use is a predominantly male habit). The ASSIST-linked BI for khat users was administered. Using the TLFB Calendar, the PHQ-9, a Somali short version of the PDS and parts from the CIDI, khat use and comorbidity was assessed...
March 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319167/association-between-internet-addiction-and-depression-in-thai-medical-students-at-faculty-of-medicine-ramathibodi-hospital
#8
Thummaporn Boonvisudhi, Sanchai Kuladee
OBJECTIVE: To study the extent of Internet addiction (IA) and its association with depression in Thai medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital. Participants were first- to fifth-year medical students who agreed to participate in this study. Demographic characteristics and stress-related factors were derived from self-rated questionnaires. Depression was assessed using the Thai version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319001/impact-on-psychosocial-outcomes-of-a-nationally-available-weight-management-program-tailored-for-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Lauren Holland-Carter, Peter W Tuerk, Thomas A Wadden, Ken N Fujioka, Lynne E Becker, Karen Miller-Kovach, Priscilla L Hollander, W Timothy Garvey, Daniel Weiss, Domenica M Rubino, Robert F Kushner, Robert J Malcolm, William J Raum, Kathie L Hermayer, Jan L Veliko, Stephanie L Rost, Nicoleta D Sora, Jonny L Salyer, Patrick M O'Neil
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can substantially decrease quality of life (QOL). This study examined the effects on QOL-relevant psychosocial measures of a widely available commercial weight loss program enhanced for individuals with T2DM. METHODS: A year-long multi-site randomized clinical trial compared the Weight Watchers (WW) approach, supplemented with phone and email counseling with a certified diabetes educator (CDE), to brief standard diabetes nutrition counseling and education (Standard Care; SC)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316064/depression-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-southwest-regional-hospitals-of-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Pleasure Atoh Ngum, Peter Nde Fon, Roland Cheofor Ngu, Vincent Siysi Verla, Henri Namme Luma
INTRODUCTION: HIV patients are now having longer life expectancies with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the issue of mental illness has surfaced with depression being the most common in these patients, which has markedly reduced patient adherence to ART. In Cameroon, the management of HIV/AIDS does not incorporate psychiatric manifestations and depression is therefore underdiagnosed. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms and their association with adherence to ART among HIV/AIDS patients on HAART in the Southwest Regional Hospitals of Cameroon...
March 18, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314227/reliability-and-validity-of-chinese-version-of-perceived-deficits-questionnaire-for-depression-in-patients-with-mdd
#11
Chuan Shi, Gang Wang, Feng Tian, Xiaolei Han, Sha Sha, Xiaomeng Xing, Xin Yu
Although cognitive symptoms are prevalent and negatively affect psychosocial functioning, they are not commonly assessed in clinical practice, particularly in China. Perceived Deficits Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) provides a subjective measure of cognitive dysfunction. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of Chinese version of PDQ-D in patients with MDD. The study sample comprised of 129 patients with MDD and 128 community volunteers. All patients with MDD were assessed with PDQ-D, Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS), Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Specific Health Problem (WPAI-SPH), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9), and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST)...
March 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283261/-evaluation-of-depressive-symptoms-and-resilience-in-patients-on-pharmacotherapeutic-follow-up
#12
N C Gomes, P H O Abrão, M R Fernandes, L A Beijo, L A M Marques
This study aimed to carry out the pharmacotherapeutic follow-up of patients with depression and to assess its impact on the resilience of the patients. Patients were followed-up for 8 months. The pharmacist evaluated depressive symptoms, resilience, and the need for pharmaceutical intervention. The measurement tools used were the Dader method, PHQ-9, and a resilience scale. Data were analysed using BioStat 5.0 software and the performing of the Wilcoxon and Pearson correlation tests. There was a reduction in the rate of depressive symptoms from 12...
March 7, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277857/usefulness-of-self-report-questionnaires-for-psychological-assessment-of-patients-with-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-and-patients-views-of-the-questionnaires
#13
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the relevance and applicability of psychological questionnaires to patients seeking help for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis. DESIGN: This was a questionnaire-based survey. The following questionnaires were administered: Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), Mini-Social Phobia Inventory (Mini-SPIN), Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R), Panic Disorder Severity Scale-Self Report (PDSS-SR), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated version (PSWQ-A)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274941/supporting-insulin-initiation-in-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-results-of-the-stepping-up-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
John Furler, David O'Neal, Jane Speight, Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis, Alexandra Gorelik, Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott, Louise Ginnivan, Doris Young, James Best, Elizabeth Patterson, Danny Liew, Leonie Segal, Carl May, Irene Blackberry
Objective To compare the effectiveness of a novel model of care ("Stepping Up") with usual primary care in normalising insulin initiation for type 2 diabetes, leading to improved glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels.Design Cluster randomised controlled trial.Setting Primary care practices in Victoria, Australia, with a practice nurse and at least one consenting eligible patient (HbA1c ≥7.5% with maximal oral treatment).Participants 266 patients with type 2 diabetes and 74 practices (mean cluster size 4 (range 1-8) patients), followed up for 12 months...
March 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274223/prevalence-of-depression-and-its-associated-factors-among-primary-caregivers-of-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-in-southwest-ethiopia
#15
Habtamu Derajew, Daniel Tolessa, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Fikir Addisu, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Depression is a serious mental illness that affects patients' treatment outcome and caregiver's day to day life. The prevalence of depression among caregivers of patients with severe mental illness is greater than the general population. Little is known about depression among primary caregivers of patients with severe mental illness in Ethiopia. This study is aimed at assessing prevalence of depression and associated factors among primary caregivers of patients with mental illness...
March 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273586/alterations-of-circulating-nucb2-nesfatin-1-during-short-term-therapeutic-improvement-of-anxiety-in-obese-inpatients
#16
Tobias Hofmann, Elena Weibert, Anne Ahnis, Alexander Obbarius, Ulf Elbelt, Matthias Rose, Burghard F Klapp, Andreas Stengel
In addition to its anorexigenic properties in the neuroendocrine regulation of hunger and satiety, mounting evidence indicates a role for NUCB2/nesfatin-1 in the regulation of emotional stress responses which seems to occur in a sex-specific way. In the present study, we investigated the association of NUCB2/nesfatin-1 plasma levels with anxiety, depressiveness and perceived stress in obese men and women and their alterations during inpatient treatment. We expected a decrease of NUCB2/nesfatin-1 levels in female and an increase in male patients reporting a relevant alleviation of anxiety...
February 21, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266318/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-for-treatment-resistant-depression-the-halifax-depression-study
#17
Joel M Town, Allan Abbass, Chris Stride, Denise Bernier
BACKGROUND: While short-term psychodynamic psychotherapies have been shown effective for major depression, it is unclear if this could be a treatment of choice for depressed patients, many of whom have chronic and complex health issues, who have not sufficiently responded to treatment. METHOD: This superiority trial used a single blind randomised parallel group design to test the efficacy of time-limited Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) for treatment resistant depression (TRD)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263003/the-factor-structure-and-use-of-the-demoralization-scale-ds-it-in-italian-cancer-patients
#18
Luigi Grassi, Anna Costantini, David Kissane, Serena Brunetti, Rosangela Caruso, Giulia Piazza, Paolo Marchetti, Silvana Sabato, Maria Giulia Nanni
BACKGROUND: Demoralization is a commonly observed syndrome in cancer patients, deserving to be carefully assessed in cross-cultural contexts. AIMS: To examine the factor structure, concurrent and divergent validity of the Italian version of the Demoralization Scale (DS-IT) in cancer patients. METHODS: The sample included 194 Italian cancer outpatients who were assessed by using the DS-IT and the Diagnostic Criteria of Psychosomatic Research-demoralization module (DCPR/D) to examine demoralization...
March 6, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259151/effects-of-five-minute-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-simplified-emotion-focused-mindfulness-on-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Remi Noguchi, Yoichi Sekizawa, Mirai So, Sosei Yamaguchi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Notwithstanding a high expectation for internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for reducing depressive symptoms, many of iCBT programs have limitations such as temporary effects and high drop-out rates, possibly due to their complexity. We examined the effects of a free, simplified, 5-minute iCBT program by comparing it with a simplified emotion-focused mindfulness (sEFM) exercise and with a waiting list control group. METHODS: A total of 974 participants, who were recruited using the website of a market research company, were randomly assigned to the iCBT group, the sEFM group, and the control group...
March 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254959/telephone-supported-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-reeact-2-large-scale-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Simon Gilbody, Sally Brabyn, Karina Lovell, David Kessler, Thomas Devlin, Lucy Smith, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Sarah Knowles, Elizabeth Littlewood, David A Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Gillian Worthy
BackgroundComputerised cognitive-behavioural therapy (cCBT) for depression has the potential to be efficient therapy but engagement is poor in primary care trials.AimsWe tested the benefits of adding telephone support to cCBT.MethodWe compared telephone-facilitated cCBT (MoodGYM) (n = 187) to minimally supported cCBT (MoodGYM) (n = 182) in a pragmatic randomised trial (trial registration: ISRCTN55310481). Outcomes were depression severity (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9), anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD)-7) and somatoform complaints (PHQ-15) at 4 and 12 months...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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