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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333349/annual-and-spatial-variation-in-composition-and-activity-of-terrestrial-mammals-on-two-replicate-plots-in-lowland-forest-of-eastern-ecuador
#1
John G Blake, Bette A Loiselle
Terrestrial mammals are important components of lowland forests in Amazonia (as seed dispersal agents, herbivores, predators) but there are relatively few detailed studies from areas that have not been affected by human activities (e.g., hunting, logging). Yet, such information is needed to evaluate effects of humans elsewhere. We used camera traps to sample medium to large-sized terrestrial mammals at a site in lowland forests of eastern Ecuador, one of the most biologically rich areas in the world. We deployed cameras on two study plots in terra firme forest at Tiputini Biodiversity Station...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331841/culture-beats-gender-the-importance-of-controlling-for-identity-and-parenting-related-risk-factors-in-adolescent-psychopathology
#2
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Malte Persike, Elias Besevegis, Cecilia Chau, Neslihan Güney Karaman, Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Katharzyna Lubiewska, Iffat Rohail
This study analyzed the unique effects of gender and culture on psychopathology in adolescents from seven countries after controlling for factors which might have contributed to variations in psychopathology. In a sample 2259 adolescents (M = 15 years; 54% female) from France, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Pakistan, and Poland identity stress, coping with identity stress, maternal parenting (support, psychological control, anxious rearing) and psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing and total symptomatology) were assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331308/a-tribute-in-life-to-the-world-icon-of-the-cardiology-of-heights-dr-dante-pe%C3%A3-aloza-from-peru
#3
REVIEW
Jorge Luis Sotomayor-Perales, Edgardo Schapachnik, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326111/low-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-peru
#4
Catherine P Benziger, José Alfredo Zavala-Loayza, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Robert H Gilman, William Checkley, Liam Smeeth, German Malaga, Juan Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of and factors associated with ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) by sociodemographic characteristics in Peru is not well known. METHODS: The American Heart Association's ICH score comprised 3 ideal health factors (blood pressure, untreated total cholesterol and glucose) and 4 ideal health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, high physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption). ICH was having 5 to 7 of the ideal health metrics...
January 11, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325987/transfer-of-pectobacterium-carotovorum-subsp-carotovorum-strains-isolated-from-potatoes-grown-at-high-altitudes-to-pectobacterium-peruviense-sp-nov
#5
Malgorzata Waleron, Agnieszka Misztak, Michal Waleron, Martyna Franczuk, Bartosz Wielgomas, Krzysztof Waleron
Seven Gram-negative, rod-shaped pectinolytic bacteria strains designated as IFB5227, IFB5228, IFB5229, IFB5230, IFB5231, IFB5232, IFB5636, isolated from potato tubers cultivated in Peru at high altitude (2400-3800m) were subjected to polyphasic analyses that revealed their distinctiveness from the other Pectobacterium species. Phylogenetic analyses based on five housekeeping genes (gyrA, recA, recN, rpoA and rpoS) clearly showed strains separateness, simultaneously indicating Pectobacterium atrosepticum, Pectobacterium wasabiae, Pectobacterium parmentieri and Pectobacterium betavasculorum as the closest relatives...
December 21, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323834/%C3%A2-venga-y-rel%C3%A3-jese-pilot-stress-reduction-program-for-migrant-latina-women-living-in-low-resource-settings-from-milwaukee-to-lima
#6
Elizabeth S Abbs, Maebe Brown, Melissa Lemke, Lauren Bauer, Steve Ohly, Cynthia Haq
Latina women living in low-income communities frequently report a high prevalence of feeling physically and/or emotionally "unwell." Formative focus groups were used to design a 3-session stress reduction curriculum called ¡Venga y Relájese! (Come and relax yourself!). Survey data from 5 Milwaukee cohorts and 1 Peruvian cohort revealed statistically significant improvements in general health status, perceived stress status, and confidence to manage future stress among women who completed all sessions (n=54)...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320968/hiv-in-prison-results-from-a-national-prison-census-in-peru
#7
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Bertha Huarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320513/a-harm-reduction-model-of-abortion-counseling-about-misoprostol-use-in-peru-with-telephone-and-in-person-follow-up-a-cohort-study
#8
Daniel Grossman, Sarah E Baum, Denitza Andjelic, Carrie Tatum, Guadalupe Torres, Liza Fuentes, Jennifer Friedman
BACKGROUND: In Peru, abortion is legal only to preserve the life and health of the woman. A non-profit clinic system in Peru implemented a harm-reduction model for women with unwanted pregnancy that included pre-abortion care with instructions about misoprostol use and post-abortion care; they started offering telephone follow-up for clients in 2011. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the harm-reduction model, and to compare outcomes by type of follow-up obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317303/herbal-medicine-uses-to-treat-people-with-epilepsy-a-survey-in-rural-communities-of-northern-peru
#9
Auditeau Emilie, Moyano Luz Maria, Bourdy Geneviève, Nizard Mandy, Jost Jérémy, Ratsimbazafy Voa, Preux Pierre-Marie, Boumediene Farid
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Epilepsy affects 150,000 people in Peru, with a prevalence of 16.6/1,000 and a treatment gap of 75%. Herbal medicine (HM) is widely used in this country. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to assess the use of plants in a rural community in northern Peru as part of therapeutic strategies for people with epilepsy (PWE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional observational and descriptive study. The inclusion criteria for people with epilepsy were 2 years of age and over, having lived in the study area for at least 3 months and a confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy by a neurologist...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316052/an-assessment-of-drinking-water-contamination-with-helicobacter-pylori-in-lima-peru
#10
Kevin F Boehnke, Rebecca K Brewster, Brisa N Sánchez, Manuel Valdivieso, Alejandro Bussalleu, Magaly Guevara, Claudia Gonzales Saenz, Soledad Osorio Alva, Elena Gil, Chuanwu Xi
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a gut bacterium that is the primary cause of gastric cancer. H. pylori infection has been consistently associated with lack of access to sanitation and clean drinking water. In this study, we conducted time-series sampling of drinking water in Lima, Peru, to examine trends of H. pylori contamination and other water characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Drinking water samples were collected from a single faucet in Lima's Lince district 5 days per week from June 2015 to May 2016, and pH, temperature, free available chlorine, and conductivity were measured...
January 8, 2018: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313760/-the-disease-is-mine-the-body-is-mine-i-decide-individual-interpersonal-and-institutional-barriers-and-facilitators-among-survivors-of-women-s-cancers-in-andean-countries
#11
Caroline M Johnson, Yamile Molina, Magaly Blas, Mallory Erickson, Angela Bayer, Marina Chiappe Gutierrez, Paul E Nevin, Isaac Alva, Deepa Rao
Recent national cancer plans address high cancer mortality in Latin America, particularly in Andean countries. Little is known about which individual, interpersonal, and institutional facilitators and barriers persist, particularly from the perspective of cancer survivors. We conducted 15 semi-structured interviews with survivors of breast and cervical cancers during and after a Pan American Health Organization-sponsored conference on women's cancers in Lima, Peru. We analyzed data using an inductive content analysis approach...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313193/the-relationship-between-risk-perception-and-frequency-of-hiv-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-lima-peru
#12
S K Vargas, K A Konda, S R Leon, B Brown, J D Klausner, C Lindan, C F Caceres
HIV infections in Peru are concentrated among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW). HIV testing rates among them remain low, delaying entrance into care. We assessed the prevalence of frequent HIV testing (at least every 6 months) and associated factors among 310 MSM and TW who attend sexual health clinics in Lima, Peru, and who reported that they were HIV seronegative or unaware of their status. Only 39% of participants tested frequently, and 22% had never tested; 29% reported that they were at low or no risk for acquiring HIV...
January 8, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309577/epidemiology-of-sapovirus-infections-in-a-birth-cohort-in-peru
#13
Gerardo J Sánchez, Holger Mayta, Monica J Pajuelo, Karen Neira, Liu Xiaofang, Lilia Cabrera, Sarah Blythe Ballard, Jean E Crabtree, Dermot Kelleher, Vitaliano Cama, Caryn Bern, Hitoshi Oshitani, Robert H Gilman, Mayuko Saito
Background: Sapovirus is one of the primary viral causes of acute gastroenteritis, especially in settings where rotavirus vaccination has been implemented. The characteristics and impact of natural infection at the community level, however, have not been well documented. Methods: Stool samples were analyzed from 100 children randomly selected from a community-based birth cohort study in Peru. All diarrheal and one non-diarrheal stools collected trimonthly from children up to two years of age (n=1669) were tested for sapovirus detection...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306607/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-frailty-in-urban-and-rural-populations-in-latin-america-china-and-india-a-10-66-population-based-survey
#14
Juan J Llibre Rodriguez, A Matthew Prina, Daisy Acosta, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, K S Jacob, Ivonne Z Jimenez-Velasquez, Aquiles Salas, Ana Luisa Sosa, Joseph D Williams, A T Jotheeswaran, Isaac Acosta, Zhaorui Liu, Martin J Prince
BACKGROUND: There have been few cross-national studies of the prevalence of the frailty phenotype conducted among low or middle income countries. We aimed to study the variation in prevalence and correlates of frailty in rural and urban sites in Latin America, India, and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based catchment area surveys conducted in 8 urban and 4 rural catchment areas in 8 countries; Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Peru, Mexico, China, and India...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306028/unique-mtb-protein-found-in-urine-of-tb-patients-discovery-of-a-unique-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-protein-through-proteomic-analysis-of-urine-from-patients-with-active-tuberculosis
#15
Nira Pollock, Rakesh Dhiman, Nada Daifalla, Maha Farhat, Antonio Campos-Neto
Identification of pathogen-specific biomarkers present in patients' serum or urine samples can be a useful diagnostic approach. In efforts to discover Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) biomarkers we identified by mass spectroscopy a unique 21-mer Mtb peptide sequence (VVLGLTVPGGVELLPGVALPR) present in the urines of TB patients from Zimbabwe. This peptide has 100% sequence homology with the protein TBCG_03312 from the C strain of Mtb (a clinical isolate identified in New York, NY, USA) and 95% sequence homology with Mtb oxidoreductase (MRGA423_21210) from the clinical isolate MTB423 (identified in Kerala, India)...
January 3, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305300/-epidemiological-characteristics-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-peru-results-of-the-peruvian-registry-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-perstemi
#16
Manuel Chacón-Diaz, Alejandro Vega, Ofelia Aráoz, Patricia Ríos, Roberto Baltodano, Fernando Villanueva, Alexander Montesinos, Jorge Martos, John Zevallos, David Miranda, Jorge Gutierrez, José Carasas, Alex Pecho, Sandra Negrón, Henry Anchante, Nassip Llerena, German Yabar, Javier Chumbe, Sara Ramírez, Marco Lazo, Jorge Sotomayor, Marco López, Carlos Perez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological characteristics, treatment, reperfusion strategies and in-hospital adverse events of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction in Peru. METHODS: Observational, prospective multicentre study in patients over 18 years admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of ST elevation myocardial infarction. RESULTS: A total of 396 patients were enrolled in the registry during February 2016 to February 2017...
January 2, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303683/assessment-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-organochlorine-pesticides-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-the-blood-of-humboldt-penguins-spheniscus-humboldti-from-the-punta-san-juan-marine-protected-area-peru
#17
Michael J Adkesson, Jeffrey M Levengood, John W Scott, David J Schaeffer, Jennifer N Langan, Susana Cárdenas-Alayza, Santiago de la Puente, Patricia Majluf, Sandra Yi
Persistent organic pollutants were assessed in Humboldt Penguins ( Spheniscus humboldti) from the Punta San Juan Marine Protected Area, Peru, in the austral winter of 2009. Plasma samples from 29 penguins were evaluated for 31 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and 11 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) by using gas chromatography coupled to an ion trap mass spectrometer and for 15 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners by using gas chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry. The detection rate for PCBs in the samples was 69%, with congeners 105, 118, 180, and 153 most commonly detected...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302614/disparities-in-children-s-vocabulary-and-height-in-relation-to-household-wealth-and-parental-schooling-a-longitudinal-study-in-four-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Sarah A Reynolds, Chris Andersen, Jere Behrman, Abhijeet Singh, Aryeh D Stein, Liza Benny, Benjamin T Crookston, Santiago Cueto, Kirk Dearden, Andreas Georgiadis, Sonya Krutikova, Lia C H Fernald
Children from low socio-economic status (SES) households often demonstrate worse growth and developmental outcomes than wealthier children, in part because poor children face a broader range of risk factors. It is difficult to characterize the trajectories of SES disparities in low- and middle-income countries because longitudinal data are infrequently available. We analyze measures of children's linear growth (height) at ages 1, 5, 8 and 12y and receptive language (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) at ages 5, 8 and 12y in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam in relation to household SES, measured by parental schooling or household assets...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301877/draft-genome-sequences-of-enterohemorrhagic-and-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-alpacas-in-peru
#19
Lenin Maturrano, Marjorie Aleman, Dennis Carhuaricra, Jorge Maximiliano, Juan Siuce, Luis Luna, Raul Rosadio
The draft genome sequences of two strains of Escherichia coli, isolated from alpacas in Peru, are reported here. ECA1 has been determined to be a strain of enterohemorrhagic E. coli and ECB1 a strain of enteropathogenic E. coli These pathogens are responsible for hemolytic-uremic syndrome in humans and diarrhea in different mammals, respectively.
January 4, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301472/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-peruvian-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Claudia Elera-Fitzcarrald, Magaly Alva, Rocío Gamboa-Cardenas, Claudia S Mora-Trujillo, Francisco Zevallos, Augusto García-Poma, Mariela Medina, Zoila Rodriguez-Bellido, Risto A Perich-Campos, César A Pastor-Asurza, María I Segami, Manuel F Ugarte-Gil
Objective In this paper, we aim to define factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Mestizo patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods We evaluated patients with SLE from Peru's two largest hospitals between October 2012 and July 2015 to ascertain HRQoL. Using a standard protocol, we incorporated demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations and treatment in our analysis. HRQoL was measured with the LupusQoL, disease activity was ascertained with the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), and damage was appraised with the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) damage index (SDI)...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
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