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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921621/-but-we-want-to-work-the-movement-of-child-workers-in-peru-and-the-actions-for-reducing-child-labor
#1
Isidro Maya Jariego
The program Edúcame Primero (Educate Me First) is an evidence-based practice for eradicating child labor that has been applied with positive results in Colombia, Peru, and several Central American countries. In this article, we describe the difficulties of implementing the program in two poor areas of Lima (Peru) between 2014 and 2016. Specifically, we discuss three ethical challenges faced during the implementation of the program: (a) the existence of a movement of working children that defends the right of children to work; (b) the polarization of some community-based associations and government institutions on how to deal with the problems of working children; and (c) the use of network indicators in the evaluation of the community's level of cohesion...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918478/an-ibero-american-inter-laboratory-trial-to-evaluate-serological-tests-for-the-detection-of-anti-neospora-caninum-antibodies-in-cattle
#3
Lucía M Campero, Javier Moreno-Gonzalo, María C Venturini, Gastón Moré, Andrea Dellarupe, Magdalena Rambeaud, Ignacio E Echaide, Beatriz Valentini, Carlos M Campero, Dadín P Moore, Dora B Cano, Marcelo Fort, Rinaldo A Mota, Marcos E Serrano-Martínez, Carlos Cruz-Vázquez, Luis M Ortega-Mora, Gema Álvarez-García
We carried out an inter-laboratory trial to compare the serological tests commonly used for the detection of specific Neospora caninum antibodies in cattle in Ibero-American countries. A total of eight laboratories participated from the following countries: Argentina (n = 4), Brazil (n = 1), Peru (n = 1), Mexico (n = 1), and Spain (n = 1). A blind panel of well-characterized cattle sera (n = 143) and sera representative of the target population (n = 351) was tested by seven in-house indirect fluorescent antibody tests (IFATs 1-7) and three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs 1-3; two in-house and one commercial)...
September 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917312/first-finding-of-nymphal-stages-of-linguatula-serrata-in-a-south-american-camelid-a-vicu%C3%A3-a-from-peru
#4
Luis A Gomez-Puerta, Joel I Pacheco, José M Angulo-Tisoc, Maria T Lopez-Urbina, Armando E Gonzalez
Linguatula serrata, a pentastomid, was found parasitizing the lungs of a vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) from Cuzco, Peru. A total of 13 larvae were found encysted in the parenchymal tissue of the lungs. All larvae were identified as nymphal stages of L. serrata by morphological methods Diagnosis was confirmed by molecular analysis amplifying the cytochrome c oxidase 1 gene of three nymphs. Nucleotide sequences from the isolates were compared to previous sequences from GenBank, and it showed high similarity between them (>99%)...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917132/a-novel-real-time-rt-pcr-assay-for-influenza-c-tested-in-peruvian-children
#5
Leigh M Howard, Monika Johnson, Ana I Gil, Andrew Pekosz, Marie R Griffin, Kathryn M Edwards, Claudio F Lanata, Carlos G Grijalva, John V Williams
BACKGROUND: Influenza C virus (ICV) is associated with acute respiratory illness. Yet ICV remains under recognized, with most previous studies using only culture to identify cases. OBJECTIVES: To develop a sensitive and specific real-time RT-PCR assay for ICV that allows for rapid and accurate detection in a clinical or research setting. STUDY DESIGN: Multiple ICV sequences obtained from GenBank were analyzed, including 141 hemagglutinin-esterase (HE), 106 matrix (M), and 97 nucleoprotein (NP) sequences...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905263/the-cricotopus-oliveiriella-diptera-chironomidae-of-the-high-altitude-andean-streams-with-description-of-a-new-species-c-o-rieradevallae
#6
N Prat, A Paggi, C Ribera, R Acosta, B Ríos-Touma, C Villamarín, F Rivera, P Ossa, M Rieradevall
The genus Oliveiriella (Chironomidae, Orthocladiinae) was erected by Wiedenbrug & Fittkau (1997). The adults have characteristic black spots on their wings and other characteristics similar to the genus Cricotopus. Pupal skins are very characteristic with strong short spines in the anal lobe instead of setae, while larvae are distinguishable by the long anal papillae and the intense blue color of their body. However, Andersen et al (2013) consider Oliveiriella as a subgenera of Cricotopus. In this paper, using the sequences of the cox1 gene, we conclude that Oliveiriella should be considered a subgenus within Cricotopus, confirming its status in Andersen et al (2013)...
September 13, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905220/haplotype-study-in-sca10-families-provides-further-evidence-for-a-common-ancestral-origin-of-the-mutation
#7
Giovana B Bampi, Rafael Bisso-Machado, Tábita Hünemeier, Tailise C Gheno, Gabriel V Furtado, Diego Veliz-Otani, Mario Cornejo-Olivas, Pillar Mazzeti, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Laura B Jardim, Maria Luiza Saraiva-Pereira
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia and epilepsy. The disease is caused by a pentanucleotide ATTCT expansion in intron 9 of the ATXN10 gene on chromosome 22q13.3. SCA10 has shown a geographical distribution throughout America with a likely degree of Amerindian ancestry from different countries so far. Currently available data suggest that SCA10 mutation might have spread out early during the peopling of the Americas...
September 13, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904134/an-ant-plant-mutualism-through-the-lens-of-cgmp-dependent-kinase-genes
#8
Pierre-Jean G Malé, Kyle M Turner, Manjima Doha, Ina Anreiter, Aaron M Allen, Marla B Sokolowski, Megan E Frederickson
In plant-animal mutualisms, how an animal forages often determines how much benefit its plant partner receives. In many animals, foraging behaviour changes in response to foraging gene expression or activation of the cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) that foraging encodes. Here, we show that this highly conserved molecular mechanism affects the outcome of a plant-animal mutualism. We studied the two PKG genes of Allomerus octoarticulatus, an Amazonian ant that defends the ant-plant Cordia nodosa against herbivores...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902268/cystic-echinococcosis-in-south-america-a-call-for-action
#9
Carlos F Pavletic, Edmundo Larrieu, Eduardo A Guarnera, Natalia Casas, Pilar Irabedra, Ciro Ferreira, Julio Sayes, Cesar M Gavidia, Eduardo Caldas, Michael Laurence Zini Lise, Melody Maxwell, Marcos Arezo, Ana Maria Navarro, Marco A N Vigilato, Ottorino Cosivi, Marcos Espinal, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, a parasitic zoonosis caused by a cestode of the family Taeniidae, species Echinococcus granulosus, is endemic in Argentina, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, and southern Brazil. This report presents CE figures for these five countries in 2009 - 2014 and proposes indicators to measure national control programs. Nearly 5 000 new CE cases were diagnosed annually in the five countries during the study period. The average case fatality rate was 2.9%, which suggests that CE led to approximately 880 deaths in these countries during the 6-year period...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901543/role-of-mhealth-in-overcoming-the-occurrence-of-post-stroke-depression
#10
REVIEW
J J Miranda, M G Moscoso, M Toyama, V Cavero, F Diez-Canseco, B Ovbiagele
Depression associated with stroke affects roughly one-third of stroke survivors. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is thought to adversely influence functional outcome by limiting participation in rehabilitation, decreasing physical, social, and cognitive function, and affecting neuroplasticity thereby placing stroke survivors at high risk for future vascular events. PSD has also been associated with higher mortality rates after stroke. In Peru, a country where there is no national stroke program and mental health disorders are largely underdiagnosed and untreated, people with PSD are likely to be further challenged by dependency and impoverished conditions that will limit their use of ambulatory services, leading to inadequate clinical follow-up...
September 13, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898349/-teaching-blindly-need-for-surveys-and-evaluations-in-medical-students-and-physicians-from-peru
#11
Omar A Varela-Contreras, Mario J Valladares-Garrido, Carlos J Toro-Huamanchumo, Alvaro Taype-Rondan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890141/-gait-speed-and-the-appearance-of-neurocognitive-disorders-in-older-adults-results-of-a-peruvian-cohort
#12
José F Parodi, Wendy Nieto-Gutierrez, Walter A Tellez, Iris Ventocilla-Gonzales, Fernando M Runzer-Colmenares, Alvaro Taype-Rondan
INTRODUCTION: The prevention and management of neurocognitive disorders (NCD) among older adults can be improved by early identification of risk factors such as walking speed. The objective of the study is to assess the association between gait speed and NCD onset in a population of Peruvian older adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cohort conducted in older adults who attended the geriatrics service of Naval Medical Center (Callao, Peru). During the baseline assessment, participants' gait speed was recorded...
September 7, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888536/in%C3%A2-vitro-immunostimulatory-potential-of-fungal-%C3%AE-glucans-in-pacific-red-snapper-lutjanus-peru-cells
#13
Tomás Cárdenas-Reyna, Carlos Angulo, Crystal Guluarte, Sawako Hori-Oshima, Martha Reyes-Becerril
This study attempts to describe the immunostimulatory effects of three fungal glucans on innate immunity responses in an in vitro assays using Pacific red snapper leukocytes. First, the yield glucans obtained was higher in Aspergillus niger, follow by Aspergillus ochraceus and Alternaria botrytis (40, 20 and 10%, respectively). Structural characterization of these fungal glucans by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) indicated structures containing (1-6)-branched (1-3)-β-D-glucan. The immunostimulatory activity of fungal glucans were assessed in head-kidney leukocytes at 24 h using colorimetric assays and molecular gene expression...
September 6, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887588/exploring-institutional-mechanisms-for-scientific-input-into-the-management-cycle-of-the-national-protected-area-network-of-peru-gaps-and-opportunities
#14
M D López-Rodríguez, H Castro, M Arenas, J M Requena-Mullor, A Cano, E Valenzuela, J Cabello
Understanding how to improve decision makers' use of scientific information across their different scales of management is a core challenge for narrowing the gap between science and conservation practice. Here, we present a study conducted in collaboration with decision makers that aims to explore the functionality of the mechanisms for scientific input within the institutional setting of the National Protected Area Network of Peru. First, we analyzed institutional mechanisms to assess the scientific information recorded by decision makers...
September 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887215/antiprotozoal-activity-of-medicinal-plants-used-by-iquitos-nauta-road-communities-in-loreto-peru
#15
Pedro Vásquez-Ocmín, Sandrine Cojean, Elsa Rengifo, Soulaf Suyyagh-Albouz, Carlos A Amasifuen Guerra, Sébastien Pomel, Billy Cabanillas, Kember Mejía, Philippe M Loiseau, Bruno Figadère, Alexandre Maciuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the Peruvian Amazon, the use of medicinal plants is a common practice. However, there is few documented information about the practical aspects of their use and few scientific validation. The starting point for this work was a set of interviews of people living in rural communities from the Peruvian Amazon about their uses of plants. Protozoan diseases are a public health issue in the Amazonian communities, who partly cope with it by using traditional remedies...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886023/geographic-patterns-and-environmental-factors-associated-with-human-yellow-fever-presence-in-the-americas
#16
Patricia Najera Hamrick, Sylvain Aldighieri, Gustavo Machado, Deise Galan Leonel, Luz Maria Vilca, Sonia Uriona, Maria Cristina Schneider
BACKGROUND: In the Americas, yellow fever virus transmission is a latent threat due to the proximity between urban and wild environments. Although yellow fever has nearly vanished from North and Central America, there are still 13 countries in the Americas considered endemic by the World Health Organization. Human cases usually occur as a result of the exposure to sylvatic yellow fever in tropical forested environments; but urban outbreaks reported during the last decade demonstrate that the risk in this environment still exists...
September 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885997/susac-syndrome-the-first-case-report-in-peru
#17
Carolina Rivadeneira-Sotelo, María Meza Vega, Darwin Segura-Chávez, Sheila Castro-Suarez
Susac Syndrome is a rare entity, characterized by a triad of subacute encephalopathy, retinal artery occlusion and sensorineural hearing loss. It is more common in women and the age of onset fluctuates between 9-58 years of age. The pathogenesis is presented as microangiopathic changes at the cerebral, retinal and cochlear levels associated with an autoimmune mechanism. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman who started with a diffuse headache, puerile behavior, bradylalia and somnolence. As the disease progressed, she had auditory deficit and arterial obstruction of the right temporal retinal branch in retinal fluorescein angiography...
August 30, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885225/rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-copy-and-immediate-recall-3-minutes-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#18
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, M M Erlt, J M Muñoz Mancilla, C E García-Guerrero, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, A Aguayo Arelis, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, M D Barrios Nevado, M Vélez-Coto, T P Yacelga Ponce, A Rigabert, C García de la Cadena, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, M Soto-Añari, A I Peñalver Guia, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey- Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 5, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884482/histological-characterization-of-umbilical-cord-in-alpaca-vicugna-pacos
#19
L M Barrios-Arpi, J-L Rodríguez Gutiérrez, B Lopez-Torres
The histomorphometric features of umbilical cord constituents in seven foetuses of alpaca (Vicugna pacos) from Cerro de Pasco, Department, Peru, were determined. Sections of 2-5 cm of umbilical cord were fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin and processed for light microscopy. Standard histological slides stained with haematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome and Van Gieson's trichrome were obtained. Histologically, common features of umbilical artery and vein were observed as well as mucous connective tissue, some cell features that compound this tissue constituted by cells presented features of myofibroblasts...
September 7, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884331/paratuberculosis-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
I F Espeschit, D G G Schwarz, A C S Faria, M C C Souza, F A Paolicchi, R A Juste, I A Carvalho, M A S Moreira
Latin America is the definition of the American group, where languages of Latin origin are spoken, including countries in South, Central, and North America. Paratuberculosis is a gastrointestinal contagious chronic disease that affects ruminants, whose etiological agent is the bacilli Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Paratuberculosis is characterized by intermittent diarrhea, decreased milk production, dehydration, and progressive weight loss and is possibly involved in Crohn's disease, a human intestinal disease...
September 7, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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