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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026737/eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorder-presenting-as-intractable-vomiting-and-ascites-in-a-young-girl
#1
Ji Yoon Kwon, Ji Sun Huh, Bo Kyung Je, Kwang Dae Hong, Jee Hyun Lee
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EGID) is a rare disease in children that affects the bowel wall, with eosinophilic infiltration in the absence of any other causes for eosinophilia. The etiology remains unknown, but allergies and immunological imbalance are suspected triggers. We encountered a case of serosal EGID presenting as intractable vomiting and ascites in a 9-year-old girl, after influenza virus infection. Peripheral eosinophilia was not present. The diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy of the bowel wall through laparotomy and endoscopy, and controlled by 2 courses of steroid therapy due to recurring symptoms...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971652/-the-morbidity-and-mortality-of-influenza-patients-treated-at-rambam-medical-center-intensive-care-unit-in-the-years-2009-2014
#2
Yaron Bar-Lavie, Khetam Hussein, Ami Mayo, Daniel King, Zipi Kra-Oz, Michal Paul
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the characteristics and results of the treatment of patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) with influenza in Israel are limited. AIMS: We evaluated the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated at Rambam Medical Center at the adult department of critical care medicine for influenza between the years 2009-2014. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients were detected by laboratory reports and data were extracted from electronic medical records...
September 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956537/epidemiology-and-treatment-of-the-commonest-form-of-listeriosis-meningitis-and-bacteraemia
#3
Pasquale Pagliano, Ferhat Arslan, Tiziana Ascione
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacillus and facultative intracellular bacterium whose transmission occurs mainly through the consumption of contaminated food. Listeriosis has an incidence estimated at around three-six cases per million per year and the most common forms of the infection are neurolisteriosis, bacteraemia, and maternal-neonatal infection. Those affected by listeriosis are at the extremes age of the life or report specific risk factors, such as malignancies, causing a defect of cellular immunity...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921579/material-basis-studies-of-anti-influenza-a-active-ingredients-in-tanreqing-injection
#4
Haiyan Zhu, Mingcang Chen, Xunlong Shi, Chenchen Shi, Chenggang Huang
Tanreqing Injection (TRQ) has been used primarily in treating infections of the upper respiratory tract and serious influenza in China, as a classical compound herbal recipe. TRQ had been demonstrated to have effects of clearing heat, eliminating phlegm, detoxification, reducing inflammation and alleviating cough. The survival rate, histopathology of lungs and viral titers in mice were evaluated in this study to verify the curative effect of TRQ. However, there is not enough information about the components...
September 15, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892181/the-impact-of-obesity-and-timely-antiviral-administration-on-severe-influenza-outcomes-among-hospitalized-adults
#5
Hannah E Segaloff, Richard Evans, Samia Arshad, Marcus J Zervos, Carolyn Archer, Keith S Kaye, Emily T Martin
Obesity was identified as a risk factor for severe influenza during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1)pandemic, but evidence of this association has been mixed since. Post-pandemic antiviral treatment guidelines may have increased antiviral treatment among obese individuals. A prospective study of adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza in Detroit, Michigan in 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 was conducted. Patient information was collected from interviews and medical chart abstraction. Obese (BMI ≥ 30) and non-obese (BMI < 30) participants were compared...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801087/cause-of-acute-encephalitis-encephalopathy-in-japanese-children-diagnosed-by-a-rapid-and-comprehensive-virological-detection-system-and-differences-in-their-clinical-presentations
#6
Kei Takasawa, Ryuichi Nakagawa, Shigeru Takishima, Kengo Moriyama, Ken Watanabe, Koji Kiyohara, Takeshi Hasegawa, Masahiro Shimohira, Kenichi Kashimada, Norio Shimizu, Tomohiro Morio
BACKGROUND: Acute encephalitis/encephalopathy (AE/E) is a rare and severe complication of common childhood infections; however, a treatment strategy based on clinical and pathological evidence has not been established. METHODS: The clinical data and aetiological results using a rapid and comprehensive virological detection system of 62 Japanese children diagnosed with AE/E from 2010 to 2014 were collected. We assessed clinical differences between causes and effectiveness of our multiplex PCR system to establish a pathogen-based treatment strategy for AE/E...
August 8, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747261/enterovirus-d68-infection-in-a-cluster-of-children-with-acute-flaccid-myelitis-buenos-aires-argentina-2016
#7
Victor Ruggieri, Maria Ivana Paz, María Gabriela Peretti, Carlos Rugilo, Rosa Bologna, Cecilia Freire, Silvana Vergel, Andrea Savransky
OBJECTIVE: To report a outbreak of 11 cases of acute asymmetric flaccid myelopathy due to spinal motor neuron injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven children, six male, with a mean age of 3 years presented with acute flaccid myelitis. We analyzed clinical features, etiology, neuroradiological images, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: Nine children had bilateral and asymmetric flaccid myelitis of the upper limbs, 1 had upper limb monoplegia, and 1 presented with hemiparesis...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738364/risk-factors-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#8
Jordi Almirall, Mateu Serra-Prat, Ignasi Bolíbar, Valentina Balasso
We performed a systematic review of the literature to establish conclusive evidence of risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies) the primary outcome of which was to assess risk factors for CAP in both hospitalized and ambulatory adult patients with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were selected. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale specific for cohort and case-control designs was used for quality assessment. Twenty-nine studies (20 case-control, 8 cohort, and 1 cross-sectional) were selected, with 44...
July 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716363/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-patients-with-severe-influenza-receiving-intravenous-peramivir-salvage-therapy-in-intensive-care-units
#9
Ching-Yuan Yeh, Fu-Der Wang, Yu-Chung Chuang, Chia-Jui Yang, Shiang-Fen Huang, Wen-Sung Weng, Chun-Hsin Liaw, Wang-Huei Sheng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated patients with severe influenza who receive intravenous peramivir for salvage therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 71 patients with severe influenza who received intravenous peramivir therapy in the intensive care units of three medical centers between 2012 and 2016. All patients received oseltamivir or zanamivir before the administration of peramivir. RESULTS: A total of 44 men and 27 women with a median age of 55 years were enrolled...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633906/rsv-in-adult-ed-patients-do-emergency%C3%A2-providers-consider-rsv-as-an-admission-diagnosis
#10
William Binder, Jill Thorsen, Pierre Borczuk
BACKGROUND: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) has been recognized for over half a century as a cause of morbidity in infants and children. Over the past 20years, data has emerged linking RSV as a cause of illness in adults resulting in 177,000 annual hospitalizations and up to 14,000 deaths among older adults. OBJECTIVE: Characterize clinical variables in a cohort of adult RSV patients. We hypothesize that emergency physicians do not routinely consider RSV in the differential diagnosis (DDx) of influenza like illness...
August 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616442/human-coronavirus-hku1-infection-among-adults-in-cleveland-ohio
#11
Anubhav Kanwar, Suresh Selvaraju, Frank Esper
BACKGROUND: Human coronaviruses (CoV) have been long recognized as a common cause of respiratory tract disease including severe respiratory tract illness. Coronavirus-HKU1 has been described predominantly among children less than 5 years of age in the United States with few studies characterizing the disease spectrum among adults. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal specimens of patients with respiratory symptoms were analyzed for CoV-HKU1 by NxTAG Respiratory Pathogen Panel multiplex assay from February 7, 2016 to April 30, 2016...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560878/serial-metabolome-changes-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-subjects-with-influenza-viral-infection-and-comparison-with-dengue-fever
#12
Liang Cui, Jinling Fang, Eng Eong Ooi, Yie Hou Lee
Influenza virus infection (IVI) and dengue virus infection (DVI) are major public health threats. Between IVI and DVI, clinical symptoms can be overlapping yet infection-specific, but host metabolome changes are not well-described. Untargeted metabolomics and targeted oxylipinomic analyses were performed on sera serially collected at three phases of infection from a prospective cohort study of adult subjects with either H3N2 influenza infection or dengue fever. Untargeted metabolomics identified 26 differential metabolites, and major perturbed pathways included purine metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis and β-oxidation, tryptophan metabolism, phospholipid catabolism, and steroid hormone pathway...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542661/-benign-acute-childhood-myositis-clinical-series-and-literature-review
#13
Felipe Cavagnaro S M, Alejandra Aird G, Ingrid Harwardt R, Carmen Gloria Marambio Q
Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is a rare clinical condition that mainly affects pre-school and school age-children. It is usually preceded by a viral illness, particularly influenza virus infection. OBJECTIVE: To describe a cluster of BACM cases that were seen in a paediatric unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective series of cases that presented with a clinical picture suggestive of BACM between August and November 2012 in the paediatric emergency department of a private clinic...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500507/impact-of-severe-hematological-abnormalities-in-the-outcome-of-hospitalized-patients-with-influenza-virus-infection
#14
A Lalueza, H Trujillo, J Laureiro, B Ayuso, P Hernández-Jiménez, C Castillo, M Torres, D Folgueira, O Madrid, C Díaz-Pedroche, E Arrieta, C Arévalo, C Lumbreras
Although hematological abnormalities have been described among patients with influenza virus infection, little is known about their impact on the outcome of the patients. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and clinical impact of severe hematological abnormalities in patients with confirmed influenza virus infection. This was an observational retrospective study including all adult patients with diagnosis of influenza virus infection hospitalized from January to May 2016 in our institution. Influenza virus infection was diagnosed by means of rRT-PCR assay performed on respiratory samples...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489423/is-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-with-reduced-immunogenicity-of-the-influenza-vaccination-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Yafang Huang, Huili Wang, Wilson W S Tam
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether immunogenicity and safety of the influenza vaccination in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are significantly different from those in a healthy population. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched on 31 August 2016. Studies were included when they met the inclusion criteria. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study characteristics, methodological quality and outcomes. The primary outcome was seroprotection (SP) rate after immunization...
June 7, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329354/clinical-significance-of-human-coronavirus-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-samples-from-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-and-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#16
Chikara Ogimi, Alpana A Waghmare, Jane M Kuypers, Hu Xie, Cecilia C Yeung, Wendy M Leisenring, Sachiko Seo, Su-Mi Choi, Keith R Jerome, Janet A Englund, Michael Boeckh
Background.: The possible role of human coronavirus (HCoV) in lower respiratory tract disease (LRTD) in hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients and patients with hematologic malignancies (HM) has not been well studied. Methods.: We conducted a retrospective review of HCT/HM patients with HCoV detected in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). HCoV strains were identified in BAL samples using strain-specific polymerase chain reaction. Mortality rates were compared among HCT recipients with LRTD caused by HCoV, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza virus, or parainfluenza virus (PIV) by multivariable Cox regression analysis...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183847/human-rhinovirus-detection-in-the-lower-respiratory-tract-of-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-association-with-mortality
#17
Sachiko Seo, Alpana Waghmare, Emily M Scott, Hu Xie, Jane M Kuypers, Robert C Hackman, Angela P Campbell, Su-Mi Choi, Wendy M Leisenring, Keith R Jerome, Janet A Englund, Michael Boeckh
Human rhinoviruses are the most common respiratory viruses detected in patients after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Although rhinovirus appears to occasionally cause severe lower respiratory tract infection in immunocompromised patients, the clinical significance of rhinovirus detection in the lower respiratory tract remains unknown. We evaluated 697 recipients transplanted between 1993 and 2015 with rhinovirus in respiratory samples. As comparative cohorts, 273 recipients with lower respiratory tract infection caused by respiratory syncytial virus (N=117), parainfluenza virus (N=120), or influenza (N=36) were analyzed...
June 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144057/respiratory-viruses-in-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Parvaiz A Koul, Hyder Mir, Shabir Akram, Varsha Potdar, Mandeep S Chadha
OBJECTIVE: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) cause significant morbidity, mortality, and an inexorable decline of lung function. Data from developed countries have shown viruses to be important causes of AECOPD, but data from developing countries like India are scant. We set out to determine the contribution of viruses in the causation of hospitalized patients with AECOPD. METHODS: Twin nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal swabs collected from 233 patients admitted with an acute AECOPD and tested for respiratory viruses including respiratory syncytial virus A and B, parainfluenza were (PIV) 1, 2, 3, and 4, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) A and B, influenza A and B, enterovirus, corona NL65, OC43, and 229E viruses, adenovirus 2 and 4, rhinovirus, and bocavirus, by duplex real time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) using CDC approved primers and probes...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120567/lower-respiratory-tract-diseases-caused-by-common-respiratory-viruses-among-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients-a-single-center-experience-in-korea
#19
Kyung Wook Hong, Su Mi Choi, Dong Gun Lee, Sung Yeon Cho, Hyo Jin Lee, Jae Ki Choi, Si Hyun Kim, Sun Hee Park, Jung Hyun Choi, Jin Hong Yoo, Jong Wook Lee
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence, clinical courses, and risk factors for mortality of lower respiratory tract diseases (LRDs) caused by common respiratory viruses (CRVs) in stem cell transplantation (SCT) recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1038 patients who received SCT between January 2007 and August 2011 at a single center in Korea. RESULTS: Seventy-one CRV-LRDs were identified in 67 (6...
March 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885562/respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-influenza-are-the-key-viral-pathogens-in-children-2%C3%A2-years-hospitalized-with-bronchiolitis-and-pneumonia-in-islamabad-pakistan
#20
Uzma Bashir, Nadia Nisar, Yasir Arshad, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Asiya Ashraf, Hajra Sadia, Birjees Mazher Kazi, Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi
Pneumonia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Comprehensive surveillance data are needed to review the prevention and control strategies. We conducted active surveillance of acute lower respiratory infections among children aged <2 years hospitalized at two hospitals of Islamabad, Pakistan. Viral etiology was determined using real-time PCR on respiratory specimens collected during March 2011-April 2012. The overall mean age was 7.83 ± 5.25 months while no statistical difference between age or sex distribution of patients with positive and negative viral etiology (p > 0...
March 2017: Archives of Virology
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