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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434135/son-preference-of-immigrants-to-the-united-states-data-from-u-s-birth-certificates-2004-2013
#1
Embry M Howell, Huanjun Zhang, Dudley L Poston
Son preference has existed for centuries in many cultures and societies. In some Asian countries, including China and India, the sex ratio at birth (SRB, number of male infants divided by number of female infants times 100) is elevated above the worldwide biological norm of about 105. We investigate whether this ratio is elevated in the U.S. for immigrant women. We analyze U.S. birth certificates for 2004-2013 and categorize births by mother's and father's race/ethnicity; mother's place of birth, and birth order of the child...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434117/associations-of-tim-1-genetic-polymorphisms-with-asthma-a-meta-analysis
#2
Xiaochuan Xie, Xiaohan Shi, Peng Chen, Li Rao
PURPOSE: Recently, the roles of TIM-1 genetic polymorphisms in asthma have been extensively studied, with conflicting results. Therefore, we performed the present meta-analysis to better assess potential associations of TIM-1 genetic polymorphisms with asthma. METHODS: Eligible articles were searched in PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and CNKI up to December 2016. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to detect any potential associations between TIM-1 genetic polymorphisms and asthma...
April 22, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434053/chinese-beliefs-in-luck-are-linked-to-gambling-problems-via-strengthened-cognitive-biases-a-mediation-test
#3
Matthew S M Lim, Robert D Rogers
Problematic patterns of gambling and their harms are known to have culturally specific expressions. For ethnic Chinese people, patterns of superstitious belief in this community appear to be linked to the elevated rates of gambling-related harms; however, little is known about the mediating psychological mechanisms. To address this issue, we surveyed 333 Chinese gamblers residing internationally and used a mediation analysis to explore how gambling-related cognitive biases, gambling frequency and variety of gambling forms ('scope') mediate the association between beliefs in luck and gambling problems...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433894/a-functional-snp-mcp-1-2518a-g-predispose-to-renal-disorder-in-indian-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#4
Vinod D Umare, Vandana D Pradhan, Anjali G Rajadhyaksha, Kanjaksha Ghosh, Anita H Nadkarni
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically heterogeneous chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that affects multiple organs where exact etiology of the disease is not yet clearly understood. Various evidences suggest that genetic polymorphisms in inflammatory mediators like cytokines and chemokines may influence development of the disease. Here, we investigated whether functional polymorphism at the Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1) regulatory region associates with disease phenotype in Indian SLE patients...
April 20, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433876/maternal-responsivity-to-infants-in-the-high-chair-assessment-longitudinal-relations-with-toddler-outcomes-in-a-diverse-low-income-sample
#5
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey Weston, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Lisa J Berlin, Ranga Atapattu
Infant-parent interactions occur across many situations, yet most home-based assessments of parenting behaviors are conducted under conditions of low stress, such as free play. In this study, low-income mothers from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project were observed at home interacting with their 14-month-olds in the mildly stressful "High Chair" assessment (n=1718 dyads). This methodological study tested whether High Chair maternal responsiveness and detachment predicted later toddler cognitive and emotion outcomes, over and above equivalent maternal predictors during free play...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433854/comorbidity-age-of-onset-and-suicidality-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-an-international-collaboration
#6
V Brakoulias, V Starcevic, A Belloch, C Brown, Y A Ferrao, L F Fontenelle, C Lochner, D Marazziti, H Matsunaga, E C Miguel, Ycj Reddy, M C do Rosario, R G Shavitt, A Shyam Sundar, D J Stein, A R Torres, K Viswasam
OBJECTIVES: To collate data from multiple obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) treatment centers across seven countries and five continents, and to report findings in relation to OCD comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders, and suicidality, in a large clinical and ethnically diverse sample, with the aim of investigating cultural variation and the utility of the psychiatric diagnostic classification of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. METHODS: Researchers in the field of OCD were invited to contribute summary statistics on current and lifetime psychiatric comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders and suicidality in their patients with OCD...
April 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433619/lack-of-pathogenic-mutations-in-sos1-gene-in-phenytoin-induced-gingival-overgrowth-patients
#7
Katia Margiotti, Giulia Pascolini, Federica Consoli, Valentina Guida, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Anna Teresa Giallonardo, Antonio Pizzuti, Alessandro De Luca
OBJECTIVE: Gingival overgrowth is a side effect associated with some distinct classes of drugs, such as anticonvulsants, immunosuppressants, and calcium channel blockers. One of the main drugs associated with gingival overgrowth is the antiepileptic phenytoin, which affects gingival tissues by altering extracellular matrix metabolism. It has been shown that mutation of human SOS1 gene is responsible for a rare hereditary gingival fibromatosis type 1, a benign gingival overgrowth. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the possible contribution of SOS1 mutation to gingival overgrowth-related phenotype...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433616/investigating-the-link-between-benign-prostatic-hypertrophy-bmi-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
B Shivananda Nayak, Khaleel Sinanan, Shivang Sharma, Vashista Shripat, Rukaiya Sidat, Safiyah Siddiqui, Niketa Sieunarine, Seymour Sieunarine
AIMS: To investigate the link between benign prostatic hypertrophy, BMI and type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was the retrospective study conducted at the urology clinic of NCRHA and SWRHA, in Trinidad. Data was obtained from 85 patients with high PSA values (>4.0ng/mL). The data collected were age, ethnicity, weight, height, lifestyle and their most recent blood sugar levels were recorded. Ultrasound reports of patients diagnosed with BPH were also analyzed to gather data on whether their hyperplasia was benign or malignant...
April 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433546/symptom-trajectories-in-children-receiving-treatment-for-leukemia-a-latent-class-growth-analysis-with-multitrajectory-modeling
#9
Marilyn J Hockenberry, Mary C Hooke, Cheryl Rodgers, Olga Taylor, Kari M Koerner, Pauline Mitby, Ida Moore, Michael E Scheurer, Wei Pan
CONTEXT: Cancer treatment symptoms play a major role in determining the health of children with cancer. Symptom toxicity often results in complications, treatment delays, and therapy dose reductions that can compromise leukemia therapy and jeopardize chances for long-term survival. Critical to understanding symptom experiences during treatment is the need for exploration of "why" inter-individual symptom differences occur; this will determine who may be most susceptible to treatment toxicities...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433207/correlation-of-frontal-sinus-recess-anatomy-with-ethnicity-gender-and-pathology
#10
Laura K House, Scott P Stringer, Samantha Seals
PURPOSE: Research on frontal sinus cells has been conflicting regarding relationship between frontal sinus cells and frontal sinus disease. There are no published studies regarding gender differences in frontal sinus disease. No comparisons between African Americans and Caucasians and frontal sinus disease have been published. This study attempts to define the above relationships as well as the relationship between number and types of cells and disease. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on sinus CT scans done from 2003 to 2011 at an academic medical center...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433102/the-genetics-of-wilson-disease
#11
Irene J Chang, Si Houn Hahn
Wilson disease (WD) is an autosomal-recessive disorder of hepatocellular copper deposition caused by pathogenic variants in the copper-transporting gene, ATP7B. Early detection and treatment are critical to prevent lifelong neuropsychiatric, hepatic, and systemic disabilities. Due to the marked heterogeneity in age of onset and clinical presentation, the diagnosis of Wilson disease remains challenging to physicians today. Direct sequencing of the ATP7B gene is the most sensitive and widely used confirmatory testing method, and concurrent biochemical testing improves diagnostic accuracy...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432682/prognostics-factors-and-survival-in-acral-lentiginous-melanoma
#12
M M Asgari, L Shen, M M Sokil, I Yeh, E Jorgenson
BACKGROUND: Acral lentiginous melanoma is a rare melanoma subtype that disproportionately afflicts people of color. Acral lentiginous melanomas have a worse prognosis than other melanomas subtypes, which has been attributed to aggressive biological behavior, more advanced stage at presentation and possible disparities in access to healthcare. OBJECTIVES: Using comprehensive patient data and long-term follow-up information in a well-characterized cohort, to examine how patient, tumor, and clinical management variables impact overall and melanoma-specific survival...
April 22, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432578/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-rise-a-community-based-culturally-congruent-adherence-intervention-for-black-americans-living-with-hiv
#13
Laura M Bogart, Matt G Mutchler, Bryce McDavitt, David J Klein, William E Cunningham, Kathy J Goggin, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Nikki Rachal, Kelsey A Nogg, Glenn J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have typically shown medium-sized effects on adherence. Prior evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have not been culturally adapted specifically for Black/African Americans, the population most affected by HIV disparities in the USA, who exhibit lower adherence than do members of other racial/ethnic groups. PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Rise, a 6-month culturally congruent adherence counseling intervention for HIV-positive Black men and women...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431867/whole-exome-sequencing-identification-of-novel-candidate-genes-in-patients-with-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#14
Cindy Ung, Angie V Sanchez, Lishuang Shen, Samaneh Davoudi, Tina Ahmadi, Daniel Navarro-Gomez, Ching J Chen, Heather Hancock, Alan Penman, Suzanne Hoadley, Mark Consugar, Carlos Restrepo, Vinay A Shah, Joseph F Arboleda-Velasquez, Lucia Sobrin, Xiaowu Gai, Leo A Kim
Rare or novel gene variants in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy may contribute to disease development. We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on patients at the phenotypic extremes of diabetic retinal complications: 57 patients diagnosed with proliferativediabetic retinopathy (PDR) as cases and 13 patients with no diabetic retinopathy despite at least 10 years of type 2 diabetes as controls. Thirty-one out of the 57 cases and all 13 controls were from the African American Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Study (AA)...
April 18, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431619/age-sex-and-race-ethnic-temporal-trends-in-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-among-individuals-with-myocardial-infarction-or-stroke-in-the-united-states
#15
Alain Lekoubou, Bruce Ovbiagele, Daniela Markovic, Nerses Sanossian, Amytis Towfighi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. METHODS: We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥18years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999-2010 and who fasted for 8h (n=12,502)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431552/strategies-to-improve-engagement-of-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-research-on-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#16
Ann E M Liljas, Kate Walters, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to identify facilitators, barriers and strategies for engaging 'hard to reach' older people in research on health promotion; the oldest old (≥80 years), older people from black and minority ethnic groups (BME) and older people living in deprived areas. METHODS: Eight databases were searched to identify eligible studies using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods. Using elements of narrative synthesis, engagement strategies, and reported facilitators and barriers were identified, tabulated and analysed thematically for each of the three groups of older people...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431511/validation-of-the-short-version-of-the-10-66-dementia-diagnosis-in-multiethnic-asian-older-adults-in-singapore
#17
Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Boon Yiang Chua, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: To validate the short version of the 10/66 dementia diagnosis against the standard version of the 10/66 dementia diagnosis and clinical diagnosis and examine concurrent validity with the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment schedule and care needs in a multiethnic Asian older adult population in Singapore. METHODS: Data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older Singapore Resident population aged 60 years and above was used...
April 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431415/potential-impact-of-affordable-care-act-related-insurance-expansion-on-trauma-care-reimbursement
#18
John W Scott, Pooja U Neiman, Peter A Najjar, Thomas C Tsai, Kirstin W Scott, Mark G Shrime, David M Cutler, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: Nearly one quarter of trauma patients are uninsured and hospitals recoup less than 20% of inpatient costs for their care. This study examines changes to hospital reimbursement for inpatient trauma care if the full coverage expansion provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) were in effect. METHODS: We abstracted nonelderly adults (ages 18-64 years) admitted for trauma from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample during 2010-the last year before most major ACA coverage expansion policies...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431040/prospective-assessment-of-pain-and-comfort-in-chronic-pain-patients-undergoing-interventional-pain-management-procedures
#19
Thomas Simopoulos, Daniel Leffler, Sheila Barnett, Devon Campbell, Shu Jing Lian, Jatinder S Gill
Objective.:  Interventional pain management procedures have an important role in the management of chronic pain. The present study seeks to identify the proportion of patients who experience severe pain during pain procedures either with or without sedation. There is then an attempt to identify any association of high pain levels with factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, preprocedure pain level, procedure type, tobacco use, and baseline pharmaceuticals taken for both pain and/or mood disorder management...
April 18, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430972/identifying-subpopulations-vulnerable-to-the-thyroid-blocking-effects-of-perchlorate-and-thiocyanate
#20
Jenica McMullen, Akhgar Ghassabian, Brenda Kohn, Leonardo Trasande
Context: Common environmental contaminants can disrupt normal thyroid function, which plays essential but varying roles at different ages. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate, three sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) inhibitors, and thyroid function in different age-sex-stratified populations. Design, Setting, Participants, and Intervention: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) evaluating the exposure to perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate in 3,151 participants aged 12-80...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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