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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812929/message-received-african-american-women-and-breast-cancer-screening
#1
Susan Racine Passmore, Kester F Williams-Parry, Erica Casper, Stephen B Thomas
African American women are more likely than other women to be diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age, to be diagnosed at a late stage, and to die from the disease. Yet we see evidence of irregular screening and follow-up. Previous research on psychosocial factors influencing decisions to screen reveals barriers: fear, fatalistic perceptions of cancer, inaccurate perceptions of risk, and associations with stigma. The current qualitative research with, largely, insured African American women ( n = 26), health navigators ( n = 6), and community stakeholders ( n = 24) indicates both positive and negative factors influencing decision making...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812330/black-and-minority-ethnic-group-involvement-in-health-and-social-care-research-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Shoba Dawson, Stephen M Campbell, Sally J Giles, Rebecca L Morris, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is growing internationally, but little is known about black and minority ethnic (BME) involvement and the factors influencing their involvement in health and social care research. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and critique the empirical literature on BME-PPI involvement in health and social care research. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic searches of six electronic bibliographic databases were undertaken, utilizing both MeSH and free-text terms to identify international empirical literature published between 1990 and 2016...
August 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812255/persisting-racial-disparities-in-colonoscopy-screening-of-persons-with-a-family-history-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Meng-Han Tsai, Sudha Xirasagar, Piet C de Groen
With 23 and 47% higher colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality, respectively, among African Americans vs. Whites, CRC screening studies are important. Screening guidelines recommend 5-yearly colonoscopy screening of persons with a family history of CRC (first-degree relatives, FDRs), beginning at 40 years of age. For this elevated-risk group, colonoscopy screening is preferred because of the risk of more aggressive cancer that may elude early detection by other methods. African Americans with a family history of CRC are at the intersection of two elevated risk demographics, race and FDR status...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#4
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811941/seizure-associated-takotsubo-syndrome-a-rare-combination
#5
Htay Htay Kyi, Nour Aljariri Alhesan, Sunil Upadhaya, Samer Al Hadidi
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is increasingly recognized in neurocritical care population especially in postmenopausal females. We are presenting a 61-year-old African American female with past medical history of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and hypertension who presented with multiple episodes of seizures due to noncompliance with antiepileptic medications. She was on telemetry which showed ST alarm. Electrocardiogram (ECG) was ordered and showed ST elevation in anterolateral leads and troponins were positive...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811738/predictors-of-retention-among-african-americans-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-healthy-eating-and-active-living-in-the-spirit-heals-intervention
#6
Oluwole A Babatunde, Swann Arp Adams, Michael D Wirth, Jan M Eberth, Jameson Sofge, Seul Ki Choi, Brook E Harmon, Lisa Davis, Ruby Drayton, Thomas G Hurley, Heather M Brandt, Cheryl A Armstead, James R Hébert
INTRODUCTION: Retention of racial/ethnic minority groups into research trials is necessary to fully understand and address health disparities. This study was conducted to identify participants' characteristics associated with retention of African Americans (AAs) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral intervention. METHODS: Using data from an RCT conducted from 2009 to 2012 among AAs, participant-level factors were examined for associations with retention between three measurement points (ie, baseline, 3-month, and 12-month)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#7
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811736/mentored-training-to-increase-diversity-among-faculty-in-the-biomedical-sciences-the-nhlbi-summer-institute-programs-to-increase-diversity-sipid-and-the-programs-to-increase-diversity-among-individuals-engaged-in-health-related-research-pride
#8
Treva K Rice, Donna B Jeffe, Josephine E A Boyington, Jared B Jobe, Victor G Dávila-Román, Juan E Gonzalez, Lisa de Las Fuentes, Levi H C Makala, Rita Sarkar, Gbenga G Ogedegbe, Anne L Taylor, Susan Czajkowski, Dabeeru C Rao, Betty S Pace, Girardin Jean-Louis, Mohamed Boutjdir
OBJECTIVE: To report baseline characteristics of junior-level faculty participants in the Summer Institute Programs to Increase Diversity (SIPID) and the Programs to Increase Diversity among individuals engaged in Health-Related Research (PRIDE), which aim to facilitate participants' career development as independent investigators in heart, lung, blood, and sleep research. DESIGN AND SETTING: Junior faculty from groups underrepresented in the biomedical-research workforce attended two, 2-3 week, annual summer research-education programs at one of six sites...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811734/differential-response-to-exercise-in-african-americans-with-high-levels-of-inflammation
#9
Jan Kretzschmar, Dianne M Babbitt, Keith M Diaz, Deborah L Feairheller, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Amanda M Perkins-Ball, Sheara T Williamson, Chenyi Ling, Heather Grimm, Michael D Brown
PURPOSE: Systemic inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein (CRP), is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. We investigated whether aerobic exercise training (AEXT) affects African Americans with high inflammation (HI) the same way it does African Americans with low inflammation (LI) in terms of CVD risk factors. METHODS: 23 African Americans with CRP levels <3 mg/L (LI) and 14 African Americans with CRP ≥3 mg/L (HI) underwent six months of AEXT...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811731/perceived-discrimination-and-reported-trust-and-satisfaction-with-providers-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#10
LáShauntá M Glover, Mario Sims, Karen Winters
OBJECTIVES: 1) To examine the association of multiple dimensions of discrimination with reported trust and satisfaction with providers; 2) to report within-group differences among African Americans (AAs). MAIN MEASURES: Measures of perceived discrimination included everyday, lifetime, burden from lifetime discrimination, and stress from discrimination. Outcomes included trust and satisfaction with providers. METHODS: Descriptive cross sectional study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#11
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810723/graft-survival-of-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipients-selected-for-de-novo-steroid-avoidance-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#12
Edward J Nehus, Chunyan Liu, Bo Lu, Maurizio Macaluso, Mi-Ok Kim
Background: Steroid-avoidance protocols have gained popularity in pediatric kidney transplant recipients at low immunologic risk. The long-term safety of steroid avoidance in children with immunologic risk factors remains unknown. Methods: Pediatric kidney transplant recipients from 2004 to 2014 in the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database who received tacrolimus and mycophenolate immunosuppression were investigated. Propensity score matching was used to compare graft survival in 1624 children who received steroid avoidance with 1624 children who received steroid-based immunosuppression...
August 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810474/racial-centrality-may-be-linked-to-mistrust-in-healthcare-institutions-for-african-americans
#13
Adolfo G Cuevas, Kerth O'Brien
Evidence suggests that racial identity is an important component to African Americans' self-concepts and therefore may be relevant to patients' trust in healthcare, yet little is known as to how racial identity may influence trust or mistrust. African American adults ( N = 220) in the greater Portland, Oregon, area provided survey reports of healthcare-related attitudes and experiences. Those who reported higher racial centrality had lower trust in healthcare institutions. Based on these findings, clinicians employing patient-centered care approaches should recognize racial identity as an important component to patients' experiences when they seek to deliver equitable care to African American patients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810419/body-image-and-dissatisfaction-among-rural-deep-south-african-american-women-in-a-weight-loss-intervention
#14
Erica R Johnson, Olivia Affuso, Emily B Levitan, Tiffany L Carson, Monica L Baskin
Body image perception may impact health-promoting behaviors as well as knowledge regarding health risks associated with obesity. Our cross-sectional analysis evaluated body image and its association with body mass index among overweight and obese treatment-seeking African American women ( N = 409). Differences between current and desired body image were captured using the Pulvers scale. Results indicated the presence of body image dissatisfaction among participants (median = 2.00, interquartile range: 2...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810418/preventing-cardiovascular-disease-participant-perspectives-of-the-faith-program
#15
LaPrincess C Brewer, Eleshia J Morrison, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Patrick Dean, Kandace Lackore, Sarah Jenkins, Consuelo Cohen, Jacqueline Johnson, Frances Ellis, D C Mangum, Sharonne N Hayes, Christi Patten
Striking cardiovascular health disparities exist among African-Americans in Minnesota compared to Whites; however, community-based interventions to address cardiovascular disease risk are lacking. This study explored participant perceptions of a culturally tailored, cardiovascular disease prevention program developed using a community-based participatory research process. Research participation perceptions, program benefits, and program satisfaction/acceptability were analyzed using a mixed-methods approach...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810416/is-disclosure-a-privilege-race-and-disclosure-patterns-of-hepatitis-c
#16
Alicia E Suarez
Research suggests that decisions to disclose hepatitis C status are affected by individual and interpersonal factors. However, no existing studies have examined the role of race in disclosure, despite the potential implications of being doubly marginalized on the basis of both race and hepatitis C status. Drawing on qualitative research with 53 persons with hepatitis C in the Southeastern United States, findings indicate that participants practiced four patterns of disclosure: activist disclosure, open disclosure, limited disclosure, and reluctant disclosure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810411/wellness-among-african-american-and-caucasian-students-attending-a-predominantly-white-institution
#17
Michael D Oliver, Subimal Datta, Debora R Baldwin
The wellness movement is growing on college campuses; however, the examination of race is lacking. We examined aspects of physical and emotional well-being as a function of race in 197 college students at a predominantly White institution. Results revealed racial differences on diet, F(1, 196) = 7.537, p = 0.007 and resilient coping, F(1, 196) = 8.614, p = 0.004. Furthermore, regression analyses revealed that the association between stress and coping was moderated by race ( F(1, 196) = 8...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810366/-broken-windows-relationship-between-neighborhood-conditions-and-behavioral-health-among-low-income-african-american-adolescents
#18
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim
This study explored the association between neighborhood conditions and behavioral health among African American youth. Cross-sectional data were collected from 683 African American youth from low-income communities. Measures for demographics, neighborhood conditions (i.e. broken windows index), mental health, delinquency, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors were assessed. Major findings indicated that participants who reported poorer neighborhood conditions compared to those who lived in better living conditions were more likely to report higher rates of mental health problems, delinquency, substance use, and unsafe sexual behaviors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808906/racial-disparities-in-hpv-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-among-african-american-and-white-women-in-the-usa
#19
Ashley Ojeaga, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Desiree Rivers, Ijeoma Azonobi, Brian Rivers
The objective of this study was to assess the differences in HPV-related knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among African American and non-Hispanic white women and to determine their communication preferences for cancer-related information. Data was obtained from the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) 2014 Health Interview National Trends Survey (HINTS), a cross-sectional survey of US adults 18 years of age or older. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify differences in awareness and knowledge...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808871/african-american-prostate-cancer-disparities
#20
REVIEW
Zachary L Smith, Scott E Eggener, Adam B Murphy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine prostate cancer racial disparities specific to the African-American population. RECENT FINDINGS: African-American men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, present at an earlier age; are more likely to have locally advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis; and have suboptimal outcomes to standard treatments. Prostate cancer treatment requires a nuanced approach, particularly when applying screening, counseling, and management of African-American men...
August 14, 2017: Current Urology Reports
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