keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cochrane surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720354/training-modalities-in-robot-assisted-urologic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Catherine Elizabeth Lovegrove, Oussama Elhage, M Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Alex Mottrie, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
CONTEXT: Novel surgical techniques demand that surgical training adapts to the need for technical and nontechnical skills. OBJECTIVE: To identify training methods available for robot-assisted surgical (RAS) training in urology, evaluate their effectiveness in terms of validation, educational impact, acceptability, and cost effectiveness, and assess their effect on learning curves (LCs). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines searched Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719752/return-to-sport-after-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-recreational-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Florence Aim, Jean-David Werthel, Julien Deranlot, Marie Vigan, Geoffroy Nourissat
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent demands from patients after shoulder replacement surgery is to return to sport. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sport after shoulder arthroplasty (total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty) in recreational athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review. METHODS: The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed to perform this systematic review and meta-analysis of the results in the literature as well as the presentation of results...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718878/deep-brain-and-cortical-stimulation-for-epilepsy
#3
REVIEW
Mathieu Sprengers, Kristl Vonck, Evelien Carrette, Anthony G Marson, Paul Boon
BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical treatment, including epilepsy surgery, many epilepsy patients have uncontrolled seizures. Since the 1970s interest has grown in invasive intracranial neurostimulation as a treatment for these patients. Intracranial stimulation includes both deep brain stimulation (DBS) (stimulation through depth electrodes) and cortical stimulation (subdural electrodes). This is an updated version of a previous Cochrane review published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of DBS and cortical stimulation for refractory epilepsy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718727/effects-of-palonosetron-and-ondansetron-on-preventing-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-surgery
#4
Qili Liu, Chengmao Zhou, Zeqing Bao, Yu Zhu
Background This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of palonosetron and ondansetron in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia. Methods We searched for randomized controlled clinical trials in PubMed, Embase, and The Cochrane Library. Results Nine studies were enrolled in this meta-analysis and showed no statistically significant difference between palonosetron and ondansetron in the prevention of PONV in the first 24 hours after surgery (relative risk [RR], 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716470/early-or-delayed-reconstruction-in-multi-ligament-knee-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Erik Hohmann, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth
BACKGROUND: Whether early or delayed surgical intervention in patients with multi-ligament injuries results in better outcomes, is of current and controversial debate. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing early versus late surgical treatment of multi-ligament knee injuries. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify relevant studies in the English and German literature...
July 14, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715610/withdrawn-drugs-for-preventing-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#6
REVIEW
John Carlisle, Carl A Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Drugs can prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting, but their relative efficacies and side effects have not been compared within one systematic review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting by drugs and the development of any side effects. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2004), MEDLINE (January 1966 to May 2004), EMBASE (January 1985 to May 2004), CINAHL (1982 to May 2004), AMED (1985 to May 2004), SIGLE (to May 2004), ISI WOS (to May 2004), LILAC (to May 2004) and INGENTA bibliographies...
July 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714362/impact-of-tumor-architecture-on-disease-recurrence-and-cancer-specific-mortality-of-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-treated-with-radical-nephroureterectomy
#7
Bo Fan, Bin Hu, Qingmin Yuan, Shuang Wen, Tianqing Liu, Shanshan Bai, Xiaofeng Qi, Xin Wang, Deyong Yang, Xiuzhen Sun, Xishuang Song
Upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC) is a relatively uncommon but aggressive disease. Recent publications have assessed the prognostic significance of tumor architecture in UTUC, but there is still controversy regarding the significance and importance of tumor architecture on disease recurrence. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 101 patients with clinical UTUC who had undergone surgery. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with disease recurrence and cancer-specific mortality...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714206/efficacy-of-ultrasound-and-nerve-stimulation-guidance-in-peripheral-nerve-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Zhi-Xue Wang, De-Li Zhang, Xin-Wei Liu, Yan Li, Xiao-Xia Zhang, Ru-Hong Li
Evidence was controversial about whether nerve stimulation (NS) can optimize ultrasound guidance (US)-guided nerve blockade for peripheral nerve block. This review aims to explore the effects of the two combined techniques. We searched EMBASE (from 1974 to March 2015), PubMed (from 1966 to Mar 2015), Medline (from 1966 to Mar 2015), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and clinicaltrials.gov. Finally, 15 randomized trials were included into analysis involving 1,019 lower limb and 696 upper limb surgery cases...
July 16, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713049/patient-reported-outcomes-after-surgical-stabilization-of-spinal-tumors-symptom-based-validation-of-the-spinal-instability-neoplastic-score-sins-and-surgery
#9
Ibrahim Hussain, Ori Barzilai, Anne S Reiner, Natalie DiStefano, Lily McLaughlin, Shahiba Ogilvie, Mark Bilsky, Ilya Laufer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Neoplastic spinal instability is movement-related pain or neurologic compromise under physiologic loads with the Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) developed to facilitate diagnosis. There is a paucity of evidence that mechanical instability correlates with patient-reported symptoms and that surgical stabilization significantly improves these patient-reported outcomes (PRO). PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine if SINS correlates with patient-reported preoperative pain and disability and if surgical stabilization significantly improves PRO...
July 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712656/treatments-for-ocular-adnexal-lymphoma-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#10
Michael T Yen, Jurij R Bilyk, Edward J Wladis, Elizabeth A Bradley, Louise A Mawn
PURPOSE: To review the literature to determine the efficacy of available treatments for ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) and to evaluate the outcomes and complications of treatments in patients older than 13 years. METHODS: A literature search was conducted last in March 2017 in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases for English-language original research investigations that evaluated treatment outcomes for OAL. The searches identified 307 unique citations, and 27 studies were selected according to the criteria outlined for this assessment...
July 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708779/midshaft-fracures-of-the-clavicle-a-meta-analysis-comparing-surgical-fixation-via-anteroinferior-plating-versus-superior-plating
#11
Alex Nourian, Satvinder Dhaliwal, Sitaram Vangala, Peter S Vezeridis
OBJECTIVE: Tto compare the outcomes of clavicle fracture fixation using anteroinferior versus superior plate placement. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of studies that have reported on outcomes following superior or anteroinferior plate fixation for acute midshaft clavicle fractures (OTA 15-B). A computerized literature search in the Pubmed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases was utilized to identify relevant articles. Only full text articles without language restrictions were evaluated...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#12
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704320/recurrence-rate-and-graft-stability-with-fibrin-glue-compared-with-suture-and-autologous-blood-coagulum-for-conjunctival-autograft-adherence-in-pterygium-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#13
Rituparna Maiti, Somnath Mukherjee, Debasish Hota
PURPOSE: To minimize recurrence and improve graft stability after pterygium surgery, conjunctival autograft adherence is done using fibrin glue (FG) or autologous blood coagulum (ABC). But there are studies that have reported conflicting or inconclusive results. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the postoperative recurrence rate and graft stability after using FG, sutures, and ABC. METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane databases, and ICTRP were searched and PRISMA guidelines as well as recommended meta-analysis practices were followed...
July 11, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702972/laser-treatment-of-post-thyroidectomy-scar
#14
F Borgia, M Vaccaro, L Gasco, J Lotti, T Lotti, C Guarneri
A good aesthetic result in thyroid surgery is one of the main goals, as this procedure usually involves young women affected in clearly visible anatomical areas. To minimize the detrimental effects of scarring outcome, several therapeutic options have been employed. Lasers may be an alternative choice for prevention and treatment of post-surgical thyroidectomy scar. This paper reviews literature and the current knowledge on this topic. A comprehensive search in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases was performed to identify relevant literature investigating the role of laser therapy in both prevention and treatment of unappealing scarring after thyroid surgery...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701207/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-clinical-trials-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-identification-of-a-core-outcome-set-using-a-delphi-survey
#15
Daniel I Schlessinger, Sanjana Iyengar, Arianna F Yanes, Sarah G Chiren, Victoria Godinez-Puig, Brian R Chen, Anastasia O Kurta, Jochen Schmitt, Stefanie Deckert, Karina C Furlan, Emily Poon, Todd V Cartee, Ian A Maher, Murad Alam, Joseph F Sobanko
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common skin cancer that poses a risk of metastasis. Clinical investigations into SCC treatment are common, but the outcomes reported are highly variable, omitted, or clinically irrelevant. The outcome heterogeneity and reporting bias of these studies leave clinicians unable to accurately compare studies. Core outcome sets (COSs) are an agreed minimum set of outcomes recommended to be measured and reported in all clinical trials of a given condition or disease...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701028/psychological-interventions-for-acute-pain-after-open-heart-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Susanne Ziehm, Jenny Rosendahl, Jürgen Barth, Bernhard M Strauss, Anja Mehnert, Susan Koranyi
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review previously published in 2014. Acute postoperative pain is one of the most disturbing complaints in open heart surgery, and is associated with a risk of negative consequences. Several trials investigated the effects of psychological interventions to reduce acute postoperative pain and improve the course of physical and psychological recovery of participants undergoing open heart surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of psychological interventions as an adjunct to standard care versus standard care alone or standard care plus attention control in adults undergoing open heart surgery for pain, pain medication, psychological distress, mobility, and time to extubation...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700811/probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#17
REVIEW
Carisa Petris, Don Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is a common condition causing excessive tearing in the first year of life. Infants present with excessive tearing or mucoid discharge from the eyes due to blockage of the nasolacrimal duct system, which can result in maceration of the skin of the eyelids and local infections, such as conjunctivitis, that may require antibiotics. The incidence of nasolacrimal duct obstruction in early childhood ranges from 5% to 20% and often resolves without surgery...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700455/perioperative-ketamine-for-analgesia-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Arif Pendi, Ryan Field, Saifal-Deen Farhan, Martin Eichler, Stacey Samuel Bederman
STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of perioperative supplemental ketamine to reduce postoperative opioid analgesic consumption following spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although low-dose supplemental ketamine has been known to reduce pain after surgery, there is conflicting evidence regarding whether ketamine can be effective to reduce opioid consumption following spine surgery...
July 11, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698929/favourable-alignment-outcomes-with-mri-based-patient-specific-instruments-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
REVIEW
Martijn G M Schotanus, Elke Thijs, Marion Heijmans, Rein Vos, Nanne P Kort
PURPOSE: Patient-specific instruments (PSIs) are already in relatively common use, and their post-operative radiographic results are equal to those for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with conventional instrumentation. PSI use requires a preoperative MRI scan, CT scan, or a combination of MRI and a long-leg standing radiograph. However, there is no consensus as to which of these modalities, MRI or CT, is the preferred imaging modality when performing TKA with PSIs. METHODS: This systematic literature review and meta-analysis studied the differences in alignment outliers between CT- and MRI-based PSI for TKA...
July 11, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698871/comparison-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-plate-osteosynthesis-and-open-reduction-internal-fixation-on-proximal-humeral-fracture-in-elder-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Wei Zhao, Yuhui Zhang, Dongni Johansson, Xingyu Chen, Fang Zheng, Liangman Li
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to compare minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of proximal humeral fracture in elder patients. METHOD: PubMed, Medline, EMbase, Ovid, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wangfang, and VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals were searched to identify all relevant studies from inception to October 2016. Data were analyzed with Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manage 5...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
13350
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"