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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909547/gastrointestinal-tract-access-for-urological-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Olga Miakicheva, Zachary Hamilton, Alp T Beksac, Sean W Berquist, Abd-Elrahman Hassan, Marc Holden, Ithaar H Derweesh
We conducted a literature review of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), focusing on urologic procedures with gastrointestinal tract access, to update on the development of this novel surgical approach. As part of the methods, a comprehensive electronic literature search for NOTES was conducted using PubMed and Cochrane Library from March 2002 to February 2016 for papers reporting urologic procedures performed utilizing gastrointestinal tract access. A total of 11 peer-reviewed studies examining utility of gastrointestinal access for NOTES urologic procedures were noted, with the first report in 2007...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908918/alpha-blockers-for-treatment-of-ureteric-stones-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
John M Hollingsworth, Benjamin K Canales, Mary A M Rogers, Shyam Sukumar, Phyllis Yan, Gretchen M Kuntz, Philipp Dahm
OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the efficacy and safety of alpha blockers in the treatment of patients with ureteric stones. DESIGN:  Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Embase, LILACS, and Medline databases and scientific meeting abstracts to July 2016. REVIEW METHODS:  Randomized controlled trials of alpha blockers compared with placebo or control for treatment of ureteric stones were eligible...
December 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908621/radiotherapy-with-curative-intent-in-patients-with-early-stage-medically-inoperable-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Conrad B Falkson, Emily T Vella, Edward Yu, Medhat El-Mallah, Robert Mackenzie, Peter M Ellis, Yee C Ung
Patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are unable to undergo surgery can be offered radiation therapy (RT). Previously, conventional RT was offered; however, newer techniques such as stereotactic body RT (SBRT) have become available. The objective of the present systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of RT with curative intent in patients with early-stage medically inoperable NSCLC. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies comparing stereotactic RT with curative intent compared with observation or other types of RT for early-stage, medically inoperable, NSCLC...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908607/impact-of-remote-ischaemic-preconditioning-on-major-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-32-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
Shifei Wang, Hairui Li, Nvqin He, Yili Sun, Shengcun Guo, Wangjun Liao, Yulin Liao, Yanmei Chen, Jianping Bin
BACKGROUND: The impact of remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) on major clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery remains controversial. We systematically reviewed the available evidence to evaluate the potential benefits of RIPC in such patients. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) conducted between January 2006 and March 2016. The pooled population of patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery was divided into the RIPC and control groups...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906934/can-unilateral-kyphoplasty-replace-bilateral-kyphoplasty-in-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Han Sun, Pei-Pei Lu, Yi-Jie Liu, Xu Yang, Ping-Hui Zhou, Xiao-Feng Shen, Si-Wei Sun, Huilin Yang
BACKGROUND: Kyphoplasty has been proven to be an efficient method to relieve patient suffering from osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Because of its technological superiority, unilateral kyphoplasty consumes less operative time and bone cement than traditional bilateral kyphoplasty. However, there is controversy about which method is most efficient in the treatment of OVCFs. Thus, an overall analysis should be performed to shed light on the facts corroborating both procedures...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902849/oral-antivirals-for-preventing-recurrent-herpes-simplex-keratitis-in-people-with-corneal-grafts
#6
REVIEW
Uday K Bhatt, M N Abdul Karim, Jeremy I Prydal, Senthil V Maharajan, Usama Fares
BACKGROUND: Ocular herpes is a viral infection of the eye caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), a double-stranded DNA virus. Corneal scarring caused by herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) is the leading infectious cause of penetrating corneal graft in high-income countries. Acyclovir is an antiviral drug known to have a protective effect against recurrences in herpetic eye disease. While there are some studies which have evaluated the effects of intervention with oral antiviral in preventing such recurrences in people with corneal grafts, a systematic review of all comparative clinical trials has not been previously undertaken...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901494/efficacy-of-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Jian-Ping Feng, Yu-Ting Xiong, Zi-Qi Fan, Li-Jie Yan, Jing-Yun Wang, Ze-Juan Gu
We sought to comprehensively assess the efficacy of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. A computerized literature search was conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. Seven randomized controlled trials involving 1001 participants were included. Compared with control, IPC significantly lowered the deep vein thrombosis (DVT) risk [risk ratio (RR) = 0.33, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.16 - 0.66]. The incidence of DVT in IPC and drugs group was similar (4...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901326/tuberculuma-sellae-meningiomas-a-systematic-review-of-transcranial-approaches-in-the-endoscopic-era
#8
Mazda Turel, Georgios Tsermoulas, Abdulmounem Yasssin-Kassab, Deven Reddy, Hugo Andrade-Barazarte, Lior Gonen, Gelareh Zadeh, Fred Gentili
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of skull base endoscopy, tuberculum sellae meningiomas (TSMs) are currently operated both from the traditional transcranial (TC) route as well as the extended endonasal endoscopic trasnssphenoidal approach (EETS). The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of TSMs excised via the TC route in the modern era when the EETS excision is gaining popularity. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic review in the medical literature following the PRISMA guidelines...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901278/surgery-for-women-with-anterior-compartment-prolapse
#9
REVIEW
Christopher Maher, Benjamin Feiner, Kaven Baessler, Corina Christmann-Schmid, Nir Haya, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: To minimise the rate of recurrent prolapse after traditional native tissue repair (anterior colporrhaphy), clinicians have utilised a variety of surgical techniques. OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and effectiveness of surgery for anterior compartment prolapse. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register, including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE In Process (23 August 2016), handsearched journals and conference proceedings (15 February 2016) and searched trial registers (1 August 2016)...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901277/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-surgical-site-infections-after-vascular-surgery
#10
REVIEW
S Acosta, M Björck, A Wanhainen
BACKGROUND: Indications for negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in vascular surgical patients are expanding. The aim of this review was to outline the evidence for NPWT on open and closed wounds. METHODS: A PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library search from 2007 to June 2016 was performed combining the medical subject headings terms 'wound infection', 'abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)', 'fasciotomy', 'vascular surgery' and 'NPWT' or 'VAC'. RESULTS: NPWT of open infected groin wounds was associated with shorter duration of wound healing by 47 days, and was more cost-effective than alginate dressings in one RCT...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#11
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901095/analgesic-effect-and-safety-of-single-dose-intra-articular-magnesium-after-arthroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Chao Zeng, Yu-Sheng Li, Jie Wei, Dong-Xing Xie, Xi Xie, Liang-Jun Li, Shu-Guang Gao, Wei Luo, Yi-Lin Xiong, Wen-Feng Xiao, Guang-Hua Lei
To examine the analgesic effect and safety of single-dose intra-articular (IA) magnesium (Mg) after arthroscopic surgery. Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane library were searched through in January 2016. Eight RCTs and eight experimental studies were included. The IA Mg exhibited a significantly lower pain score when compared with placebo (MD, -0.41, 95% CI, -0.78 to -0.05, p = 0.03). There was no significant difference between Mg and bupivacaine in terms of pain relief and the time to first analgesic request...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900768/is-nonabsorbable-nasal-packing-after-septoplasty-essential-a-meta-analysis
#13
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
OBJECTIVES: Septoplasty is one of the most frequently performed rhinologic surgeries. Complications include nasal bleeding, pain, headache, septal hematoma, synechia, infection, residual septal deviation, and septal perforation. In this study, we aimed to compare complication rates among patients according to packing method. METHODS: We performed a literature search using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library through August 2016. Our systematic review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines...
November 30, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900553/efficacy-and-safety-of-tranexamic-acid-in-reducing-blood-loss-in-scoliosis-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Qiu-Ming Yuan, Zhi-Hu Zhao, Bao-Shan Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs was to gather data to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) versus placebo after a scoliosis surgery. METHODS: The electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, CENTRAL (Cochrane Controlled Trials Register), Web of Science, and Google database were searched to identify relevant studies published from the time of the establishment of these databases up to May 2016...
November 29, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899141/relationship-between-surgeon-volume-and-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#15
Johannes Morche, Tim Mathes, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: The surgeon volume-outcome relationship has been discussed for many years and its existence or nonexistence is of importance for various reasons. A lot of empirical work has been published on it. We aimed to summarize systematic reviews in order to present current evidence. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane database of systematic reviews (CDSR), and health technology assessment websites were searched up to October 2015 for systematic reviews on the surgeon volume-outcome relationship...
November 29, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#16
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898991/nipple-and-areola-sparing-mastectomy-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Bruna S Mota, Rachel Riera, Marcos Desidério Ricci, Jessica Barrett, Tiago B de Castria, Álvaro N Atallah, Jose Luiz B Bevilacqua
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and areola-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer are still questionable. It is estimated that the local recurrence rates following nipple-sparing mastectomy are very similar to breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and areola-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer in women...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898181/endovenous-ablation-therapy-laser-or-radiofrequency-or-foam-sclerotherapy-versus-conventional-surgical-repair-for-short-saphenous-varicose-veins
#18
REVIEW
Sharath Chandra Vikram Paravastu, Margaret Horne, P Dominic F Dodd
BACKGROUND: Short (or small) saphenous vein (SSV) varices occur as a result of an incompetent sapheno-popliteal junction, where the SSV joins the popliteal vein, resulting in reflux in the SSV; they account for about 15% of varicose veins. Untreated varicose veins may sometimes lead to ulceration of the leg, which is difficult to manage. Traditionally, treatment was restricted to surgery or conservative management. Since the 1990s, however, a number of minimally invasive techniques have been developed; these do not normally require a general anaesthetic, are day-case procedures with a quicker return to normal activities and avoid the risk of wound infection which may occur following surgery...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897130/recommendations-for-potassium-titanyl-phosphate-laser-in-the-treatment-of-cholesteatoma
#19
REVIEW
Gavin John le Nobel, Adrian Lewis James
Potassium-titanyl-phosphage (KTP) lasers possess many characteristics suitable for otologic surgery. The objective of this report is to provide recommendations on the use of KTP laser for cholesteatoma surgery based on a narrative review of currently available evidence. PubMed and the Cochrane Review of randomized control trials were searched for relevant publications on efficacy and adverse effects and relevant articles appraised by the authors using Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine criteria for recommendations...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896678/no-clinically-important-difference-in-knee-scores-or-instability-between-transtibial-and-inlay-techniques-for-pcl-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Young-Soo Shin, Hyun-Jung Kim, Dae-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the biomechanical superiority of the inlay technique over the transtibial technique, arising from avoidance of the killer turn at the graft-tunnel margin of the proximal tibia during posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction, leads to better knee scores or greater knee stability. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This systematic review was designed to compare Tegner and Lysholm scores, and posterior residual laxity of the knee, between single-bundle PCL reconstruction using transtibial and inlay techniques...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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