Read by QxMD icon Read

Cochrane surgery

Madeleine Asklöf, Preben Kjølhede, Ninnie Borendal Wodlin, Lena Nilsson
The aim of this descriptive review is to summarise the current knowledge of non-invasive bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) used with gynaecological surgical patients in regard to postoperative development of lymphoedema and determination of perioperative fluid balance, and as a prognostic factor in cancer mortality and a predictor of postoperative complications. The databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and reference lists of selected articles were searched for relevant articles published during the period January 2008-April 2018...
June 18, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Fengrui Cheng, Shuiping Dai, Chiyi Wang, Shaoxue Zeng, Junjie Chen, Ying Cen
BACKGROUND: Aesthetic breast implant augmentation surgery is the most popular plastic surgery worldwide. Many women choose to receive breast implants during their reproductive ages, although the long-term effects are still controversial. Research aim: We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the influence of aesthetic breast augmentation on breastfeeding. We also compared the exclusive breastfeeding rates of periareolar versus inframammary incision. METHODS: A systematic search for comparative studies about breast implants and breastfeeding was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science through May 2018...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Shuang-Fei Hu, Hui-Min Ying, Long Chen, Hui-Li Li, Fang Tian, Zhen-Feng Zhou
BACKGROUND: The benefit results of postoperative tight glycemic control (TGC) were controversial and there was a lack of well-powered studies that support current guideline recommendations. METHODS: The EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched utilizing the key words "Blood Glucose", "insulin" and "Postoperative Period" to retrieve all randomized controlled trials evaluating the benefits of postoperative TGC as compared to conventional glycemic control (CGC) in patients undergoing surgery...
June 22, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Qianzheng Zhu, Caixia Yu, Xingzuo Chen, Xiaodong Xu, Ying Chen, Chenggang Liu, Peng Lin
The use of tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss in intertrochanteric fracture (IF) surgery remains controversial. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TXA in reducing transfusion requirements and blood loss for IF surgery. Databases, including PubMED, Cochrane, and Embase, were searched for RCTs that were published before February 2018 and that addressed the efficacy and safety of TXA in patients who underwent IF surgery...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Beilei Huang, Qiusheng Xu, Ru Ye, Jun Xu
Tranexamic acid might be beneficial for cerebral hemorrhage. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of tranexamic acid on cerebral hemorrhage. PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of tranexamic acid on cerebral hemorrhage were included. Two investigators independently searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Jiashen Shao, Huixin Zhang, Bing Yin, Jia Li, Yanbin Zhu, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to quantitatively summarize risk factors associated with surgical site infection after open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures. METHODS: Relevant original studies were searched in Medline, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database and Cochrane central database (all through April 2018). Studies eligible had to meet the quality assessment criteria by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and to evaluate the risk factors for surgical site infection after open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Sorena Keihani, Ross E Anderson, Michelle Fiander, Mary M McFarland, Gregory J Stoddard, James M Hotaling, Jeremy B Myers
Background: Collecting system injury and urinary extravasation is an important yet understudied aspect of renal trauma. We aimed to examine the incidence of urinary extravasation and also the rates of ureteral stenting after high-grade renal trauma (HGRT) in adults. Methods: A search strategy was developed to search Ovid Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. Two reviewers screened titles and abstracts, followed by full-text review of the relevant publications...
May 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
Hangchuan Shi, Han Yu, Joaquim Bellmunt, Jeffrey J Leow, Xuanyu Chen, Changcheng Guo, Hongmei Yang, Xiaoping Zhang
PURPOSE: The question of whether orthotopic neobladder (ONB) reconstruction is superior to ileal conduit diversion (ICD) with respect to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) remains controversial. The goal of this study is to perform a meta-analysis to compare post-ICD and post-ONB HRQoL in patients with bladder cancer. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the annual congress abstracts of the European Association of Urology (EAU), the American Urological Association (AUA) and the Société Internationale d'Urologie (SIU) up to June 2017 was conducted to identify all relevant clinical trials using validated questionnaires to assess HRQoL...
June 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Ana Paula Nunes de Lima Fernandes, Jessica Naiara de Medeiros Araújo, Fabiane Rocha Botarelli, Danielly Oliveira Pitombeira, Marcos Antonio Ferreira Júnior, Allyne Fortes Vitor
PURPOSE: To analyse the concept of Dry Eye Syndrome in patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU). METHOD: This is a concept analysis, according to Walker's and Avant's method, conducted using an integrative review, through search in the database. Science Direct, Scopus, Cinahl, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane and Web of Science. The following keywords were used: "Keratoconjuntivite Sicca", "Risk Factors", "Dry eye Syndromes" and "Intensive Care Units"...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
M Assenza, D Rossi, I De Gruttola, C Ballanti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to evaluate the treatment strategies for a common major surgery complication like the enterocutaneous fistula (ECFs). Since there is not any standard treatment for this common disease and since new therapies, like NPWT and fibrin sealants, have come up a review of all their indications seemed useful. We also present two clinical cases treated in this way. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A research was made in the principle databases such as: "Cochrane", "Pubmed", "Google Scholar" and "Google" using the following Key words "enterocutaneous fistula", "fibrin glue", "VAC", "VAC treatment", "fistula", "conservative treatment", "surgery" and using the MESH Function to search similar key words and expand the research...
May 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Marco Solmi, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Beatrice Bortolato, Francesco Monaco, Davy Vancampfort, Myrela O Machado, Michael Maes, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Joseph Firth, John P A Ioannidis, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental factors have been implicated in obesity and multiple interventions, besides drugs and surgery, have been assessed in obese patients. Results are scattered across many studies and meta-analyses and they often mix obese and overweight individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched through January 21st , 2017 for meta-analyses of cohort studies assessing environmental risk factors for obesity, and randomized controlled trials investigating non-pharmacological, non-surgical therapeutic interventions for obesity...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Vital Hevia, Romain Boissier, Óscar Rodríguez-Faba, Claire Fraser-Taylor, Rhana Hassan-Zakri, Enrique Lledo, Heinz Regele, Klemens Buddde, Arnaldo Figueiredo, Jonathon Olsburgh, Alberto Breda
CONTEXT: Cancer development after kidney transplant (KT) has become a major problem, and currently, it is one of the primary causes of death in this population. Urological cancers after KT such as prostate cancer (PCa) have also increased, partly due to the increasing age of recipients and prolonged survival. PCa is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in men, accounting for 15% of all cancers. Managing localised PCa after KT remains challenging because of treating an immunosuppressed patient with a kidney graft in the pelvic cavity...
June 16, 2018: European Urology Focus
Guylaine Lefebvre, Catherine Allaire, John Jeffrey, George Vilos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for hysterectomy, preoperative assessment, and available alternatives required prior to hysterectomy. Patient self-reported outcomes of hysterectomy have revealed high levels of patient satisfaction. These may be maximized by careful preoperative assessment and discussion of other treatment choices. In most cases hysterectomy is performed to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. The patient's preference regarding treatment alternatives must be considered carefully...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Zhaolun Cai, Yuan Yin, Chaoyong Shen, Sumin Tang, Xiaonan Yin, Zhixin Chen, Bo Zhang
BACKGROUND: The role of surgical resection for patients with recurrent or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors is still controversial. This meta-analysis aims to investigate the clinical outcomes of surgery combined with tyrosine kinase inhibitors among patients with recurrent or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Wanfangdata without language restriction. Random effect models were used to estimate pooled hazard ratio and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Jake Xavier Checketts, Jared T Scott, Chase Meyer, Jarryd Horn, Jaclyn Jones, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: The fragility index (FI) may prove to be a powerful metric of trial robustness. The FI is the minimum number of patient events that would need to become nonevents in order to nullify a significant result. The fragility quotient (FQ) is the FI divided by the total sample size. This study evaluates the robustness of the 20% of orthopaedic clinical trials that were cited as having strong evidence in the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Clinical Practice Guidelines and that could be analyzed with these indices...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Inês Leal, David Cordeiro Sousa, João Costa, António Vaz-Carneiro
Non-infectious uveitis is a heterogeneous collection of inflammatory eye diseases and is one of the most important causes of blindness among active adults in developed countries. Inflammation control is crucial in the prevention of ocular structural and functional damage. Regarding acute inflammatory control, corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment. Several types of intra-ocular corticosteroids have been used with the aim of enhanced efficacy compared to their topical or peri-ocular administration, while minimizing its adverse effects associated with the systemic administration...
May 30, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Hilde M Norum, Harald Breivik
Background The "gold standard" for pain relief after thoracotomy has been thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA). The studies comparing TEA with paravertebral block (PVB) and recent reviews recommend PVB as a novel, safer method than TEA. Methods A systematic search of the Cochrane and PubMed databases for prospective, randomized trials (RCTs) comparing TEA and PVB for post-thoracotomy analgesia was done. We assessed how TEA and PVB were performed, methods of randomization, assessment of pain relief, and complications...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Scott Shapiro, Jad Ramadan, Adam Cassis
OBJECTIVE: Compare the incidence of skin and surgical site complications for children undergoing percutaneous and transcutaneous bone conduction implant (pBCI and tBCI) surgery via systematic review and meta-analysis of the available data. DATA SOURCES: 1) Search of PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost databases from January 2012 to April 2017. 2) References of studies meeting initial criteria. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were studies that involved patients less than 18 years old undergoing tBCI or pBCI surgery with a BI300 implant and reported skin complications, implant loss, and need for revision surgery...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Elena Klatt, Thomas Zumbrunn, Oliver Bandschapp, Thierry Girard, Wilhelm Ruppen
Background and aims The development of postoperative chronic pain (POCP) after surgery is a major problem with a considerable socioeconomic impact. It is defined as pain lasting more than the usual healing, often more than 2-6 months. Recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses demonstrate that the N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor antagonist ketamine given peri- and intraoperatively can reduce immediate postoperative pain, especially if severe postoperative pain is expected and regional anaesthesia techniques are impossible...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Antonio Coutinho Madruga-Neto, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Vitor Ottoboni Brunaldi, Rafael Krieger Martins, Iatagan Rocha Josino, Eduardo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Thiago Ferreira de Souza, Marco Aurélio Santo, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
Endoscopic bariatric therapies (EBTs) are promising alternatives to conventional surgery for obesity. The aim of this study is to compare efficacy and safety through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the endoscopic gastroplasty techniques versus conservative treatment. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, Lilacs/Bireme. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) enrolling obese patients comparing endoscopic gastroplasty to sham or diet/exercise were considered eligible. Among 6014 records, three RCTs were selected for meta-analysis...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"