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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463632/an-injured-man-with-acute-altered-mental-status
#1
Hung-Yu Chuang, Lu-Chih Kung, Ming-Yuan Huang
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 58-year-old man sustained injuries due to accidental fall from a height of 5 m onto a solid floor while operating a crane. He was fully conscious without external evidence of head injury when presented to the ED. The patient had multiple fractures involving the fourth, fifth and seventh of the left ribs, left iliac wing and superior ramus of the pelvis, comminuted fracture of the left femur shaft, and an open fracture of the mandible. Two hours after ED presentation, the patient developed acute confusion and lethargy, which rapidly progressed to coma and respiratory distress, and was subsequently intubated with mechanical ventilation support...
March 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463126/comparative-study-of-internal-fixation-of-the-ulna-and-distal-ulna-resection-in-patients-older-than-70-years-with-distal-radius-and-distal-metaphyseal-ulna-fractures
#2
Jorge G Boretto, Ezequiel E Zaidenberg, Gerardo L Gallucci, Alejandro Sarme, Pablo De Carli
BACKGROUND: Acute management of fractures of the distal ulna that are associated with fractures of the distal radius remains difficult, particularly in the elderly. METHODS: In this study, we investigated whether internal fixation of the distal ulna is associated with a higher rate of complications than resection of the distal ulna in patients older than 70 years. Twenty-four consecutive patients were included in this study, 12 of whom had undergone open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the distal ulna, and 12 who had undergone distal ulna resection...
February 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462122/risk-of-hip-arthroplasty-after-open-reduction-internal-fixation-of-a-fracture-of-the-acetabulum-a-matched-cohort-study
#3
Patrick D G Henry, Sam Si-Hyeong Park, J Michael Paterson, Hans J Kreder, Richard Jenkinson, David Wasserstein
OBJECTIVES: To determine what proportion of operatively treated acetabular fracture patients proceeded to total hip arthroplasty (THA), over what time period, and quantify the influence of patient, provider, and surgical factors on rates of THA. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort prognostic study using administrative data. SETTING: This study used the large population database of Ontario (population 13,125,000 in 2010), Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of an acetabulum fracture between 1996 and 2010 in the province of Ontario were identified from administrative health databases...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462121/patient-mortality-in-geriatric-distal-femur-fractures
#4
Philip Myers, Patrick Laboe, Kory J Johnson, Peter D Fredericks, Renn J Crichlow, Dean C Maar, Timothy G Weber
OBJECTIVES: To estimate 1-year mortality rates in elderly patients who undergo operative treatment for distal femur fractures and identify potential risk factors for mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighty-three elderly patients (average age 76.0 years ± 9.8) who sustained distal femur fractures between 2002 and 2012. INTERVENTION: Fracture fixation of the distal femur...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462120/understanding-the-epidemiology-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-in-the-united-states-identifying-opportunities-for-intervention
#5
Joshua B Holt, Natalie A Glass, Apurva S Shah
BACKGROUND: Supracondylar humeral fractures (SCHF) are the most common elbow fractures in children. The epidemiology of these injuries in the United States is described. METHODS: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database was queried for all children (age, below 18 y) with SCHF treated in the emergency department (ED) from 2006 to 2011, and weighted estimates were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 63,348 ED visits for SCHF were identified...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462094/effects-of-abaloparatide-on-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-aged-80-years-or-older-with-osteoporosis
#6
Michael R McClung, Nicholas C Harvey, Lorraine A Fitzpatrick, Paul D Miller, Gary Hattersley, Yamei Wang, Felicia Cosman
OBJECTIVE: Advanced age is an important risk factor for fracture. The Abaloparatide Comparator Trial In Vertebral Endpoints (ACTIVE) trial showed that subcutaneous abaloparatide increased bone mineral density (BMD) and reduced the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. This study describes the effects of abaloparatide in the subgroup of women aged 80 or more years in ACTIVE. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of BMD and fracture incidence in this subgroup of women who received abaloparatide or placebo in the 18-month, phase 3, double-blind, randomized controlled ACTIVE trial...
February 16, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460644/functional-outcomes-of-symptomatic-implant-removal-following-ankle-fracture-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#7
Benjamin R Williams, Dylan L McCreary, Michael Chau, Brian P Cunningham, Fernando Pena, Marc F Swiontkowski
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic implant removal following open reduction internal fixation of a fracture is a common procedure, especially in the foot and ankle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional change after the removal of symptomatic implants following ankle fracture open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) using the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) outcome score. We hypothesized that implant removal after ankle fracture would result in improved functional outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460154/comparison-of-single-versus-two-non-compression-miniplates-in-the-management-of-unfavourable-angle-fracture-of-the-mandible-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#8
Anshul Rai, Anuj Jain, Abhay Datarkar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of single versus two non-compression miniplates in the management of unfavourable angle fracture of mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients who required open reduction of mandibular angle fracture were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group I comprised of patients treated with two miniplates and those in group II were treated with single non-compression miniplate...
February 19, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459605/evaluation-of-the-results-of-ilizarov-ring-fixation-in-schatzker-type-vi-tibial-plateau-fracture
#9
D G Mostafa, M I Qavi, M M Bari, M Arifuzzaman, M Kamruzzaman, M K Saha
High-energy tibial plateau fractures associated with severe soft tissue injury are difficult to manage. The risk of wound complications following open reduction and internal fixation is notably high owing to extensive soft tissue dissection. Alternatively, application of Ilizarov ring fixator minimizes soft tissue dissection and provides adequate fracture stabilization to allow early range of motion and correction of any mal-alignment. With this technique, soft tissue complications particularly surgical site infections are expected to be significantly reduced...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458200/influence-of-treatment-modality-on-morbidity-and-mortality-in-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-a-comparative-study-of-71-fractures-treated-by-internal-fixation-or-femoral-implant-revision
#10
S Cohen, X Flecher, S Parratte, M Ollivier, J N Argenson
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of periprosthetic femoral fracture is constantly increasing, with high associated morbidity and mortality. Surgical treatment is guided by the Vancouver classification, but the influence of type of treatment on morbidity and mortality has been little analyzed. The theoretic advantage of implant revision over internal fixation is that it should allow earlier weight-bearing, although the impact of this on morbidity and mortality and autonomy has not been demonstrated...
February 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457428/-percutaneous-poking-reduction-with-bone-grafting-and-limited-internal-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures
#11
Hua Chen, Yu-Wei Li, Hong Jiang, Zhi-Gang Zhang, Bin-Jie Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effects of percutaneous poking reduction with bone grafting and limited internal fixation for the treatment of calcaneal fractures. METHODS: From May 2013 to October 2016, 53 patients with closed calcaneal fractures were analyzed, and were divided into treatment group and control group. There were 33 patients in treatment group including 25 males and 8 females, aged from 15 to 82 years old with an average of(44.7±14.2) years old; 17 cases were type II and 16 cases were type III according to Sanders classification; treated by percutaneous poking reduction with bone grafting and limited internal fixation...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457413/-clinical-observation-of-proximal-femoral-anti-rotation-nail-for-the-treatment-of-femoral-intertrochanteric-fracture
#12
Fang-Gui Sun, De-Xin Wang, Yu-Tong Hu, Rong-Ming Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the curative effect and the recessive loss of blooding of PFNA for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures of femur. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2015, a total of 49 patients with intertrochanteric fractures of femur were treated with proximal femoral anti-rotation nail including 41 males and 8 females with an average age of 79 years old ranging from 65 to 91 years old. According to the modified Evans type, 1 case was type I, 12 cases were type II, 36 cases were type III...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457409/-analysis-of-risk-factors-of-infection-for-complex-tibial-plateau-fractures-after-operation
#13
Ju-Lei Ma, Yun-Qin Xu, Tu-Gang Shen, Qiang Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factor of infection for complex tibial plateau fractures after operation. METHODS: Totally clinical data of 293 patients with complex tibial plateau fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation were retrospectively analyzed from September 2010 to March 2015, including 199 males and 94 females, ranging in age from 17 to 80 years old with an average of 47.3 years old. The possible risk factors such as gender, age, smoking, diabetes, type of fracture(open/closed), classification of open fracture(Gustilo-Anderson classification), classification of soft tissue injury in closed fracture (Tscherne-Gotzen classification), fracture classification(Schatzker V/VI), osteofascial compartment syndrome, ASA score, anesthesia, timing of surgery, operative time(<=150 min/>150 min), surgical approach, combined approach or not, internal fixation site were studied...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457387/-multi-point-fixation-with-absorbable-cartilage-screws-for-the-treatment-of-osteochondral-fracture-caused-by-patellar-instability
#14
Xu-Hui Zhang, Lei Xia, Gang-Tao Wang, Tan Li
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical effects of multi-point fixation with bioabsorbable cartilage screws for the treatment of osteochondral fracture caused by patellar instability. METHODS: During the period from August 2014 to Steptember 2016, there were 21 patients with osteochondral fracture caused by patellar dislocation, including 7 males and 14 females, ranging in age from 12 to 42 years old, with an average of 27 years old. During the operation, free fractures fragments of cartilage were found with a open surgery, and the patients were treated with fixation by absorbable cartilage screws combined with lateral retinaculum release and medial retinaculum shrinkage...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456974/evaluation-of-outcomes-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-surgery-in-patients-with-type-c-distal-humeral-fractures
#15
Mohammadhadi Nouraei, Mehdi Motififar, Morteza Barazandeh
Background: In this study, functional state of patients with Type C distal humerus fractures undergone surgical plating was evaluated 6 and 12 months after the surgery in order to record postsurgical factors such as pain level and job/performance satisfaction. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 46 patients with humerus fractures were recruited and their ability to do daily tasks, presence of degenerative changes, stability of elbow joint, and range of motion was evaluated...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456750/paediatric-tibial-shaft-fractures-treated-by-open-reduction-and-stabilization-with-monolateral-external-fixation
#16
A-L Simon, N Apostolou, C Vidal, E Ferrero, K Mazda, B Ilharreborde
Purpose: Elastic stable intramedullary nailing is increasingly used for surgical treatment of tibial shaft fractures, but frequently requires immobilization and delayed full weight-bearing. Therefore, external fixation remains interesting. The aim was to report clinico-radiological outcomes of monolateral external fixation for displaced and unstable tibial shaft fractures in children. Methods: All tibial fractures consecutively treated by monolateral external fixation between 2008 and 2013 were followed...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456077/talus-fracture-of-the-medial-tubercle-of-the-posterior-process-interposition-of-the-flexor-hallucis-longus-tendon
#17
Jin Park, Jin Ho Che
Talus fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process is rare. This type of fracture can be easily missed, because it is difficult to identify on plain radiographs of the ankle. Oblique radiographs with external rotation, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the ankle are useful for making an accurate diagnosis. However, even with an early diagnosis, the treatment guidelines for talus fractures of the posterior medial tubercle have not yet been established. The flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon, which passes through the groove between the medial and lateral tubercles of the posterior process of the talus, can interpose between the fracture sites and interrupt fracture reduction...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455509/-treatment-of-sanders-ii-calcaneus-fractures-via-minimally-invasive-sinus-tarsi-approach
#18
Xue-Xun Bao, Chen-Jie Xia, Bi-Yun Zhao, De-Jun Shi, Guan-Hua Lan, Guo-Lin Ren, Zu-Hong Xie, Wen-Xi Du
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and clinical efficacy of a minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach in the treatment of Sanders II calcaneus fractures. METHODS: From August of 2015 to July of 2016, 13 patients(totally 13 feet) with Sanders II intra-articular calcaneus fractures were treated via the minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach. The Böhler angle, Gissane angle and the length, width and height of calcaneus were compared between pre-operation and post-operation...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454757/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-mandibular-condylar-base-and-neck-fractures-using-strut-plates
#19
Carolin Lechler, Florian Probst, Carl-Peter Cornelius, Wenko Smolka
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical, radiologic, and functional outcomes of patients with condylar neck or base fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation using strut plates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with 34 condylar neck and base fractures were included in the study. Transoral endoscopically assisted, submandibular, or transparotid approaches were performed. Clinical and radiologic outcomes were evaluated. Functional outcomes were assessed with the Helkimo index in a subgroup of 15 patients...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454329/bilateral-acute-angle-closure-glaucoma-following-tramadol-subcutaneous-administration
#20
Anis Mahmoud, Fatma Abid, Imen Ksiaa, Sourour Zina, Riadh Messaoud, Moncef Khairallah
BACKGROUND: To report a case of bilateral acute angle closure-glaucoma following the use of subcutaneous Tramadol. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old healthy man with unremarkable past medical and ocular history, was admitted to the Orthopedic Department for surgical treatment of a bilateral open fracture of the femur following a road accident. Three hoursafterTramadolsubcutaneous injection, the patient complained of a bilateral acute painful visual loss with persistent vomiting...
February 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
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