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Team Based Learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355793/position-of-the-french-working-group-on-perioperative-haemostasis-gihp-on-viscoelastic-tests-what-role-for-which-indication-in-bleeding-situations
#1
Stéphanie Roullet, Emmanuel de Maistre, Brigitte Ickx, Normand Blais, Sophie Susen, David Faraoni, Delphine Garrigue, Fanny Bonhomme, Anne Godier, Dominique Lasne
PURPOSE: Viscoelastic tests (VETs), thromboelastography (TEG®) and thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) are global tests of coagulation performed on whole blood. They evaluate the mechanical strength of a clot as it builds and develops after coagulation itself. The time required to obtain haemostasis results remains a major problem for clinicians dealing with bleeding, although some teams have developed a rapid laboratory response strategy. Indeed, the value of rapid point-of-care diagnostic devices such as VETs has increased over the years...
January 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344526/the-effects-of-team-based-learning-on-learning-outcomes-in-a-course-of-rheumatology
#2
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Kamran Moradi, Ali Ghafar Rahimi Amin, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Fatemeh Keshmiri
Introduction: We evaluated the effects of implementing Team-Based Learning (TBL) on student engagement, accountability, satisfaction, and preference for lecture or team-based learning. Moreover, we assessed the effect of TBL on knowledge retention and application over time through short answer questions based on clinical scenarios addressing history taking and diagnosis skills in medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in a quasi-experimental design. The study population were all of the third-year medical students (n = 84) participating in a course of rheumatology in Shariati Hospital, which is a teaching hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344463/team-based-learning-strategy-in-biochemistry-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-faculty-and-1st-year-medical-students
#3
Namrata Chhabra, Sahiba Kukreja, Sarah Chhabra, Sahil Chhabra, Sameenah Khodabux, Harshal Sabane
Background: Team-based learning (TBL) strategy has been widely adapted by medical schools all over the world, but the reports regarding the perceptions and the attitudes of faculty and undergraduate medical students towards TBL approach have been conflicting. Aim: The study aimed to introduce TBL strategy in curriculum of Biochemistry after evaluating its effectiveness through perceptions and attitudes of faculty and 1st-year medical students. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty students of first professional M...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#4
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341805/a-case-study-approach-combined-with-modified-team-based-learning-to-teach-the-progression-of-metabolic-syndrome-to-type-2-diabetes
#5
Chaya Gopalan, William Kist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#6
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325667/development-of-an-online-smartphone-based-elearning-nutrition-education-program-for-low-income-individuals
#7
Sarah Stotz, Jung Sun Lee
The objective of this report was to describe the development process of an innovative smartphone-based electronic learning (eLearning) nutrition education program targeted to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education-eligible individuals, entitled Food eTalk. Lessons learned from the Food eTalk development process suggest that it is critical to include all key team members from the program's inception using effective inter-team communication systems, understand the unique resources needed, budget ample time for development, and employ an iterative development and evaluation model...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321024/interprofessional-education-in-graduate-medical-education-survey-study-of-residency-program-directors
#8
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Chantel Colavecchia, Dean A Seehusen
BACKGROUND: The overarching purpose of this study is to examine the current trends in interprofessional education (IPE) within graduate medical education in the Unites States. METHODS: A survey was sent to program directors across with different specialties between March and April 2016. The survey was completed by 233 out of 1757 program directors, which represents a response rate of 13.3%. RESULTS: IPE is currently being used by over 60% of the GME program directors that completed the survey...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319384/-student-y-or-studious-an-exploration-of-students-perceptions-of-parallel-learning-in-preregistration-physiotherapy-education
#9
James Milligan, Kate Grafton, John A Hammond
BACKGROUND/AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK), physiotherapy preregistration training is provided at both undergraduate and postgraduate level at 17 higher education institutions (HEIs). Some course teams approach this by teaching preregistration BSc and MSc students simultaneously to meet the same learning outcomes. This is often termed "parallel learning" and it is not known how students perceive this mode of learning. The aim of the study was to explore the perceived benefits and challenges to parallel learning of preregistration BSc and MSc physiotherapy students...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318951/enhanced-new-mothers-network-cell-phone-application-intervention-interdisciplinary-team-development-and-lessons-learned
#10
Diane Brage Hudson, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Sara Brown, Kathleen M Hanna, Byrav Ramamurthy, Bhargav Gorthi, Vishnu Sivadasan
Single, low-income, African American mothers experience challenges caring for themselves and their infants. Nurse researchers, providing creative and theoretically based approaches for complex client health care, are increasingly becoming interdisciplinary leaders on research teams. The first purpose of this article was to describe this interdisciplinary team's development of a cellular (cell) phone application (app), the Enhanced New Mothers Network (ENMN). The second purpose of this article was to describe lessons learned by nursing members of the interdisciplinary team members about developing a cell phone app for delivery of the ENMN intervention...
June 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314172/shifting-mindsets-a-realist-synthesis-of-evidence-from-self-management-support-training
#11
REVIEW
Freya Davies, Fiona Wood, Alison Bullock, Carolyn Wallace, Adrian Edwards
CONTEXT: Accompanying the growing expectation of patient self-management is the need to ensure health care professionals (HCPs) have the required attitudes and skills to provide effective self-management support (SMS). Results from existing training interventions for HCPs in SMS have been mixed and the evidence base is weaker for certain settings, including supporting people with progressive neurological conditions (PNCs). We set out to understand how training operates, and to identify barriers and facilitators to training designed to support shifts in attitudes amongst HCPs...
January 4, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304250/how-people-centred-health-systems-can-reach-the-grassroots-experiences-implementing-community-level-quality-improvement-in-rural-tanzania-and-uganda
#12
Tara Tancred, Rogers Mandu, Claudia Hanson, Monica Okuga, Fatuma Manzi, Stefan Peterson, Joanna Schellenberg, Peter Waiswa, Tanya Marchant
Background: Quality improvement (QI) methods engage stakeholders in identifying problems, creating strategies called change ideas to address those problems, testing those change ideas and scaling them up where successful. These methods have rarely been used at the community level in low-income country settings. Here we share experiences from rural Tanzania and Uganda, where QI was applied as part of the Expanded Quality Management Using Information Power (EQUIP) intervention with the aim of improving maternal and newborn health...
January 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300992/learning-from-high-risk-industries-may-not-be-straightforward-a-qualitative-study-of-the-hierarchy-of-risk-controls-approach-in-healthcare
#13
Elisa G Liberati, Mohammad Farhad Peerally, Mary Dixon-Woods
Objective: Though healthcare is often exhorted to learn from 'high-reliability' industries, adopting tools and techniques from those sectors may not be straightforward. We sought to examine the hierarchies of risk controls approach, used in high-risk industries to rank interventions according to supposed effectiveness in reducing risk, and widely advocated as appropriate for healthcare. Design: Classification of risk controls proposed by clinical teams following proactive detection of hazards in their clinical systems...
December 27, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#14
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297374/using-theories-of-change-to-inform-implementation-of-health-systems-research-and-innovation-experiences-of-future-health-systems-consortium-partners-in-bangladesh-india-and-uganda
#15
Ligia Paina, Annie Wilkinson, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Debjani Barman, Tanvir Ahmed, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Gerry Bloom, Jeff Knezovich, Asha George, Sara Bennett
BACKGROUND: The Theory of Change (ToC) is a management and evaluation tool supporting critical thinking in the design, implementation and evaluation of development programmes. We document the experience of Future Health Systems (FHS) Consortium research teams in Bangladesh, India and Uganda with using ToC. We seek to understand how and why ToCs were applied and to clarify how they facilitate the implementation of iterative intervention designs and stakeholder engagement in health systems research and strengthening...
December 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287745/deep-learning-reveals-alzheimer-s-disease-onset-in-mci-subjects-results-from-an-international-challenge
#16
Nicola Amoroso, Domenico Diacono, Annarita Fanizzi, Marianna La Rocca, Alfonso Monaco, Angela Lombardi, Cataldo Guaragnella, Roberto Bellotti, Sabina Tangaro
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its onset in subjects affected by mild cognitive impairment (MCI) based on structural MRI features is one of the most important open issues in neuroimaging. Accordingly, a scientific challenge has been promoted, on the international Kaggle platform, to assess the performance of different classification methods for prediction of MCI and its conversion to AD. NEW METHOD: This work presents a classification strategy based on Random Forest feature selection and Deep Neural Network classification using a mixed cohort including the four classes of classification problem, that is HC, AD, MCI, cMCI, to train the model...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283669/systems-thinking-and-systems-based-practice-across-the-health-professions-an-inquiry-into-definitions-teaching-practices-and-assessment
#17
Margaret M Plack, Ellen F Goldman, Andrea R Scott, Christine Pintz, Debra Herrmann, Kathleen Kline, Tracey Thompson, Shelley B Brundage
Phenomenon: Systems thinking is the cornerstone of systems-based practice (SBP) and a core competency in medicine and health sciences. Literature regarding how to teach or apply systems thinking in practice is limited. This study aimed to understand how educators in medicine, physical therapy, physician assistant, nursing, and speech-language pathology education programs teach and assess systems thinking and SBP. APPROACH: Twenty-six educators from seven different degree programs across the five professions were interviewed and program descriptions and relevant course syllabi were reviewed...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283402/real-time-monitoring-and-analysis-of-zebrafish-electrocardiogram-with-anomaly-detection
#18
Michael Lenning, Joseph Fortunato, Tai Le, Isaac Clark, Ang Sherpa, Soyeon Yi, Peter Hofsteen, Geethapriya Thamilarasu, Jingchun Yang, Xiaolei Xu, Huy-Dung Han, Tzung K Hsiai, Hung Cao
Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in the U.S. with approximately 610,000 people dying every year. Effective therapies for many cardiac diseases are lacking, largely due to an incomplete understanding of their genetic basis and underlying molecular mechanisms. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are an excellent model system for studying heart disease as they enable a forward genetic approach to tackle this unmet medical need. In recent years, our team has been employing electrocardiogram (ECG) as an efficient tool to study the zebrafish heart along with conventional approaches, such as immunohistochemistry, DNA and protein analyses...
December 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283276/engaged-for-change-a-community-engaged-process-for-developing-interventions-to-reduce-health-disparities
#19
Scott D Rhodes, Lilli Mann-Jackson, Jorge Alonzo, Florence M Simán, Aaron T Vissman, Jennifer Nall, Claire Abraham, Robert E Aronson, Amanda E Tanner
The science underlying the development of individual, community, system, and policy interventions designed to reduce health disparities has lagged behind other innovations. Few models, theoretical frameworks, or processes exist to guide intervention development. Our community-engaged research partnership has been developing, implementing, and evaluating efficacious interventions to reduce HIV disparities for over 15 years. Based on our intervention research experiences, we propose a novel 13-step process designed to demystify and guide intervention development...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280059/team-based-learning-module-for-undergraduate-medical-education-a-module-focused-on-the-human-papilloma-virus-to-increase-willingness-to-vaccinate
#20
Rachel Wiley, Zeena Shelal, Carolyn Bernard, Diana Urbauer, Eugene Toy, Lois Ramondetta
Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination rates lag behind other vaccines, primarily because of weak provider recommendations, and are associated with nearly 30,000 new cancer diagnoses a year. Educating medical students about HPV using active, team-centered learning may increase assimilation of information and may increase vaccination rates. A team-based learning (TBL) module focused on HPV for first-year medical students about HPV will better increase knowledge and likeliness to vaccinate than traditional education methods...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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