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Team Based Learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219971/predicting-human-olfactory-perception-from-chemical-features-of-odor-molecules
#1
Andreas Keller, Richard C Gerkin, Yuanfang Guan, Amit Dhurandhar, Gabor Turu, Bence Szalai, Joel D Mainland, Yusuke Ihara, Chung Wen Yu, Russ Wolfinger, Celine Vens, Leander Schietgat, Kurt De Grave, Raquel Norel, Gustavo Stolovitzky, Guillermo A Cecchi, Leslie B Vosshall, Pablo Meyer
It is still not possible to predict whether a given molecule will have a perceived odor or what olfactory percept it will produce. We therefore organized the crowd-sourced DREAM Olfaction Prediction Challenge. Using a large olfactory psychophysical data set, teams developed machine-learning algorithms to predict sensory attributes of molecules based on their chemoinformatic features. The resulting models accurately predicted odor intensity and pleasantness and also successfully predicted 8 among 19 rated semantic descriptors ("garlic," "fish," "sweet," "fruit," "burnt," "spices," "flower," and "sour")...
February 20, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217305/redesigning-care-delivery-with-patient-support-personnel-learning-from-accountable-care-organizations
#2
Ksenia O Gorbenko, Taressa Fraze, Valerie A Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Accountable care organizations (ACOs) are a value-based payment model in the United States rooted in holding groups of healthcare providers financially accountable for the quality and total cost of care of their attributed population. To succeed in reaching their quality and efficiency goals, ACOs implement a variety of care delivery changes, including workforce redesign. Patient support personnel (PSP)-non-physician staff such as care coordinators, community health workers, and others-are critical to restructuring care delivery...
September 2016: Int J Care Coord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199030/lessons-learned-from-the-science-of-caring-extending-the-reach-of-psychosocial-oncology-the-international-psycho-oncology-society-2016-sutherland-award-lecture
#3
Barry D Bultz
In medicine, referral to a medical oncology specialty is based on recent history, physical examination, pathology, surgery reports, imaging, blood work and the patient's vital signs. By contrast, referral to a psychosocial specialist has typically been based on the patients expressed request for psychosocial support or the health care team's observation of the patient's limited adjustment or poor coping with the diagnosis, treatment or end of life distress. These observations are usually based on clinical acumen not on metrics...
February 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198965/development-of-a-virtual-learning-environment-for-cardiorespiratory-arrest-training
#4
Anazilda Carvalho da Silva, Andrea Bernardes, Yolanda Dora Martinez Évora, Maria Célia Barcellos Dalri, Alexandre Ribeiro da Silva, Camila Santana Justo Cintra Sampaio
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) aiming at the training of nursing team workers and emergency vehicle drivers in Basic Life Support (BLS) to attend Cardiorespiratory arrest, and to evaluate the quality of its contents among specialists in the area of Emergency and Urgent care. METHOD: Applied research of technological development. The methodology used was based on the Instructional Design Model (ADDIE), which structures the teaching-learning planning in different stages (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation)...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193748/medical-students-unique-experience-of-army-leadership-training-a-qualitative-study
#5
John Earis, J Garner, D Haddock, J Jenkins, V Jha
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interactive experience of first year medical students attending the leadership and management course hosted by a British Army Reserve Field Hospital developed in partnership with Liverpool University. METHODS: 244 students submitted a 1000-word structured reflective learning assignment about their reaction to, learning from and any behaviour and attitude changes as a result of, the training. The assignments were thematically analysed to identify how aspects of the training had impacted upon the students' understanding of leadership and teamwork...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193439/simulation-in-neonatal-transport-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Douglas M Campbell, Rita Dadiz
The safe transport of infants in critical condition requires highly reliable inter-professional transport teams that are equipped with the expertise to provide neonatal care in unfamiliar and resource-limited environments. Increasingly, transport teams are comprised of health professionals from various disciplines. Providing didactic and experiential learning alone is insufficient to fully prepare teams that have limited exposure to rare events. Simulation-based training supplements and reinforces knowledge, skills, and the experiences of team members...
November 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193125/preparation-for-practice-a-novel-role-for-general-practice-in-pre-foundation-assistantships
#7
Peter S J Ryan, Gerard J Gormley, Nigel D Hart
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based undergraduate assistantships are now widely established in medical school curricula. They are considered to improve graduates' preparedness for practice in their role as a foundation doctor. Foundation doctors play a key team role in ensuring patient safety during complex transitions across the hospital/primary care interface, and their self-reported preparedness for practice still varies considerably. AIMS: We sought to explore what spending one week of the pre-foundation assistantship in General Practice might add...
February 13, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188199/back-to-the-future-revisiting-the-physiological-cost-of-negative-work-as-a-team-based-activity-for-exercise-physiology-students
#8
Matthew A Kilgas, Steven J Elmer
We implemented a team-based activity in our exercise physiology teaching laboratory that was inspired from Abbott et al.'s classic 1952 Journal of Physiology paper titled "The physiological cost of negative work." Abbott et al. connected two bicycles via one chain. One person cycled forward (muscle shortening contractions, positive work) while the other resisted the reverse moving pedals (muscle lengthening contractions, negative work), and the cost of work was compared. This study was the first to link human whole body energetics with isolated muscle force-velocity characteristics...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187836/using-simulation-based-learning-to-prepare-for-a-potential-cardiac-emergency-on-the-labor-unit
#9
REVIEW
Julia Gogle
Cardiac arrest on the labor unit is a rare event, but it can have significant effects on a woman and her fetus, as well as on the clinicians providing health care. Our labor team was challenged to provide care for a woman with a rare cardiac condition that can cause a wide range of events, from fainting to cardiac arrest. This article describes our use of simulation-based learning to prepare for potential scenarios.
February 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186070/thought-spot-co-creating-mental-health-solutions-with-post-secondary-students
#10
David Wiljer, Andrew Johnson, Erica McDiarmid, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Genevieve Ferguson, Elisa Hollenberg, Nicole van Heerwaarden, Tim Tripp, Marcus Law
It is difficult for the nearly 20% of Canadian 15- to 24-year olds reporting symptoms to seek the help they need within the current mental health system. Web-based and mobile health interventions are promising tools for reaching this group; having the capacity to reduce access-to-service barriers and engage youth in promoting their mental well-being. A three-phased, iterative, co-creation developmental approach was used to develop Thought Spot, a platform to better enable post-secondary students to seek mental health support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184172/practically-prepared-pre-intern-student-views-following-an-education-package
#11
Susan McKenzie, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Graduating medical students enter their internship with varied levels of practical experience in procedural skills. To address this problem, many medical schools have introduced intensive skill training courses immediately prior to graduation. This study examines the impact of a pre-intern (PrInt) education package, consisting of a short intensive course, followed by a one-month clinical attachment. METHODS: In September 2014, all PrInt students (n = 53) at the Central Clinical School (Sydney, NSW, Australia) attended three days of intensive training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183417/simulation-mastery-learning-and-healthcare
#12
William Dunn, Yue Dong, Benjamin Zendejas, Raaj Ruparel, David Farley
Healthcare organizations, becoming increasingly complex, need to use simulation techniques as a tool to provide consistently safe care. Mastery learning techniques minimize variation in learner outcome, thus improving the consistency and cost-effectiveness of care. Today׳s organizations (and their teams of decision makers) exist within varying states of transformation. These transformational times afford opportunities to use mastery learning concepts at an organizational level and to affect necessary change(s)...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179720/using-team-based-learning-to-teach-a-hybrid-pharmacokinetics-course-online-and-in-class
#13
Ann Snyder Franklin, Susan Markowsky, Justin De Leo, Sven Normann, Erik Black
Objective. To compare the effectiveness of face-to-face and online team-based learning (TBL) to teach phenytoin pharmacokinetics. Design. A TBL format was used to teach an online cohort of 222 pharmacy students and two face-to-face cohorts (Tampa and Las Vegas) of pharmacy students. Students in all cohorts completed individual and team readiness tests (iRATs and tRATs), and a self-assessment survey to determine teamwork and content understanding. Knowledge retention questions also were added to the final examination...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178641/does-team-based-learning-improve-performance-in-an-infectious-diseases-course-in-a-preclinical-curriculum
#14
Kathryn C Behling, Rose Kim, Matthew Gentile, Osvaldo Lopez
Objectives: To examine whether introduction of Team-based Learning (TBL) improves student learning resulting in improved performance on final examination questions and decreased failures in an infectious diseases course. Methods: To improve mastery of course content, we designed an intervention, which provided weekly TBL exercises in study years 2 and 3 to review concepts presented during didactic lectures and laboratory exercises.  The remaining course structure and content was essentially unchanged...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174657/improving-physician-s-hand-over-among-oncology-staff-using-standardized-communication-tool
#15
Ashwaq Alolayan, Mohammad Alkaiyat, Yosra Ali, Mona Alshami, Khaled Al-Surimi, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
Cancer patients are frequently admitted to hospital for many reasons. During their hospitalization they are handled by different physicians and other care providers. Maintaining good communication among physicians is essential to assure patient safety and the delivery of quality patient care. Several incidents of miscommunication issues have been reported due to lack of a standardized communication tool for patients' hand over among physicians at our oncology department. Hence, this improvement project aims at assessing the impact of using a standardized communication tool on improving patients' hand over and quality of patient care...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169855/the-anesthesiologist-s-role-in-the-national-partnership-for-maternal-safety-s-hemorrhage-bundle-a-review-article
#16
Thea Rosenbaum, Jill M Mhyre
Obstetric hemorrhage can bring significant challenges to the obstetrician and anesthestiologist. Optimal management requires a systems-based multidisciplinary and intraprofessinal approach, and implementation leadership is now the cornerstone of successful hemorrhage management. The National Partnership for Maternal Safety recently released a patient safety bundle for maternal hemorrhage. The bundle lists 13 resources that should be implemented in every delivery unit in the country to optimize readiness, recognition, response, and reporting and systems learning for obstetric hemorrhage...
February 6, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166769/medical-graduates-preparedness-to-practice-a-comparison-of-undergraduate-medical-school-training
#17
Susan Miles, Joanne Kellett, Sam J Leinster
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that newly qualified doctors do not feel prepared to start work. This study examined views of first year Foundation doctors (F1s) regarding how prepared they felt by their undergraduate medical education for skills required during the first Foundation training year in relation to their type of training. METHOD: One-hundred and eighty two F1s completed a questionnaire during their first rotation of Foundation training. Analysis was conducted by type of medical school training: Problem-Based Learning (PBL), Traditional or Reformed...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157830/designing-a-physician-leadership-development-program-based-on-effective-models-of-physician-education
#18
Joseph Hopkins, Magali Fassiotto, Manwai Candy Ku, Dagem Mammo, Hannah Valantine
BACKGROUND: Because of modern challenges in quality, safety, patient centeredness, and cost, health care is evolving to adopt leadership practices of highly effective organizations. Traditional physician training includes little focus on developing leadership skills, which necessitates further training to achieve the potential of collaborative management. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to design a leadership program using established models for continuing medical education and to assess its impact on participants' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and performance...
February 2, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157776/translating-evidence-based-protocols-into-the-home-healthcare-setting
#19
Katherine L Beissner, Eileen Bach, Christopher M Murtaugh, MaryGrace Trifilio, Charles R Henderson, Yolanda Barrón, Melissa A Trachtenberg, Carrington Reid
Activity-limiting pain is common among older home care patients and pain management is complicated by the high prevalence of physical frailty and multimorbidity in the home care population. A comparative effectiveness study was undertaken at a large urban home care agency to examine an evidence-based pain self-management program delivered by physical therapists (PTs). This article focuses on PT training, methods implemented to reinforce content after training and to encourage uptake of the program with appropriate patients, and therapists' fidelity to the program...
February 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156570/lessons-learned-from-a-clinical-research-partnership-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#20
Karla T Washington, Diane L Huenke
: 238 Background: Palliative care providers and investigators at the University of Missouri developed a clinical-research partnership to conduct a randomized clinical trial (R21CA191165; NCT02427490; PI: Washington) of a technologically-mediated intervention for family caregivers of cancer patients aimed at decreasing caregivers' distress and improving their quality of life. As the first year of the project drew to a close, the clinician-research team sought to systematically examine the challenges they had encountered conducting research in the outpatient palliative care clinic, which serves a 91-county catchment area that is highly rural and underserved, and to document the strategies they had employed to address them...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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