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Tropomyosin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143408/automated-synthesis-of-pet-radiotracers-by-copper-mediated-18-f-fluorination-of-organoborons-importance-of-the-order-of-addition-and-competing-protodeborylation
#1
Andrew V Mossine, Allen F Brooks, Vadim Bernard-Gauthier, Justin J Bailey, Naoko Ichiishi, Ralf Schirrmacher, Melanie S Sanford, Peter J H Scott
In this paper we describe the use of Cu-mediated [(18) F]fluorodeboronation for the automated production of PET radiotracers suitable for clinical use. Two recurrent issues with the method, low radiochemical conversion (RCC) on automation and protoarene byproduct purification issues, have been successfully addressed. The new method was utilized to produce sterile injectable doses of [(18) F]-(±)-IPMICF17, a PET radiotracer for tropomyosin receptor kinase B/C, using an automated synthesis module. Product was isolated in 1...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137402/bdnf-trkb-signaling-mediates-the-anorectic-action-of-estradiol-in-the-nucleus-tractus-solitarius
#2
Ling Shen, David Q H Wang, Meifeng Xu, Stephen C Woods, Min Liu
Although compelling evidence indicates that estradiol (E2) acts in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) to reduce food intake, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. We now report that estrogen's anorectic action occurs through enhancing the strength of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tropomyosin receptor kinase (TrkB) signaling in the NTS. Intra-4th-ventricular administration of a low dose of BDNF reduced food intake to a greater extent in ovariectomized (OVX) rats cyclically treated with E2 than in vehicle-treated OVX rats, implying that cyclic E2 replacement increases BDNF's satiating potency...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128091/non-protease-native-allergens-partially-purified-from-bodies-of-eight-domestic-mites-using-p-aminobenzamidine-ligand
#3
T Erban, R Klubal
BACKGROUND: Optimised purification steps for concentrating trace target native antigens are needed. Combining the p-aminobenzamidine ligand with protease inactivation enables partial purification of mite non-protease allergens lacking proteases. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyse in detail proteins obtained using this method from eight species of synanthropic acaridid mites and tested IgE reactivity using pooled human sera. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proteins affinity bound to p-aminobenzamidine as a ligand were identified by MALDI TOF/TOF...
November 8, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125233/in-vivo-imaging-xenograft-models-for-the-evaluation-of-anti-brain-tumor-efficacy-of-targeted-drugs
#4
Kenji Kita, Sachiko Arai, Akihiro Nishiyama, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Koji Fukuda, Rong Wang, Tadaaki Yamada, Shinji Takeuchi, Shoichiro Tange, Atsushi Tajima, Mitsutoshi Nakada, Kazuo Yasumoto, Yoshiharu Motoo, Takashi Murakami, Seiji Yano
Molecular-targeted drugs are generally effective against tumors containing driver oncogenes, such as EGFR, ALK, and NTRK1. However, patients harboring these oncogenes frequently experience a progression of brain metastases during treatment. Here, we present an in vivo imaging model for brain tumors using human cancer cell lines, including the EGFR-L858R/T790M-positive H1975 lung adenocarcinoma cells, the NUGC4 hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-dependent gastric cancer cells, and the KM12SM colorectal cancer cells containing the TPM3-NTRK1 gene fusion...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120942/quetiapine-prevents-a%C3%AE-25-35-induced-cell-death-in-cultured-neuron-by-enhancing-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-release-from-astrocyte
#5
Gang Luo, Yinuo Huang, Baixue Jia, Xuelei Zhang, Dapeng Mo, Ning Ma, Feng Gao, Ligang Song, Bo Wang, Zhongrong Miao
β-Amyloid (Aβ)-induced neuronal toxicity is an early event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Quetiapine (QTP) is an atypical antipsychotic drug that has neuroprotectant properties, but little is known about its direct protective effects on neurons against the Aβ-induced cell toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of QTP on Aβ25-35-induced cell death and the possible underlying mechanisms in primary cultures of neurons. Exposure of cortical neurons to 10 μM or more Aβ25-35 caused significant viability loss in a MTT assay, and the toxic effects were not significantly prevented by the simultaneous coadministration of QTP...
November 8, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114228/integrative-temporo-spatial-mineralogic-spectroscopic-and-proteomic-analysis-of-postnatal-enamel-development-in-teeth-with-limited-growth
#6
Mirali Pandya, Hui Liu, Smit J Dangaria, Weiying Zhu, Leo L Li, Shuang Pan, Moufida Abufarwa, Roderick G Davis, Stephen Guggenheim, Timothy Keiderling, Xianghong Luan, Thomas G H Diekwisch
Tooth amelogenesis is a complex process beginning with enamel organ cell differentiation and enamel matrix secretion, transitioning through changes in ameloblast polarity, cytoskeletal, and matrix organization, that affects crucial biomineralization events such as mineral nucleation, enamel crystal growth, and enamel prism organization. Here we have harvested the enamel organ including the pliable enamel matrix of postnatal first mandibular mouse molars during the first 8 days of tooth enamel development to conduct a step-wise cross-sectional analysis of the changes in the mineral and protein phase...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111458/low-functional-programming-of-the-creb-bdnf-trkb-pathway-mediates-cognitive-impairment-in-male-offspring-after-prenatal-dexamethasone-exposure
#7
Wanting Dong, Dan Xu, Zewen Hu, Xia He, Zijing Guo, Zhexiao Jiao, Ying Yu, Hui Wang
Adverse intrauterine environments can increase susceptibility to neuropsychiatric diseases that are related to cognitive impairment. In this study, we observed the cognitive impairment of male offspring rats after prenatal dexamethasone exposure (PDE) and explored the associated intrauterine programming mechanism. Pregnant Wistar rats were subcutaneously injected with 0.2mg/kg.d dexamethasone from gestational day 9 (GD9) to GD20. A cohort of the pregnant rat group was sacrificed on GD20, and the male fetal rats were collected...
October 27, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108503/stress-during-development-of-experimental-endometriosis-influences-nerve-growth-and-disease-progression
#8
Marielly Cuevas, Myrella L Cruz, Antonio E Ramirez, Idhaliz Flores, Kenira J Thompson, Manuel Bayona, Michael W Vernon, Caroline B Appleyard
PURPOSE: We have previously shown that stress prior to induction worsens clinical presentation and inflammatory parameters in a rat model of endometriosis. This study was designed to examine whether stress during the development of endometriosis can affect the growth of endometriotic implants through nerve growth and immune alterations. METHODS: Endometriosis was surgically induced in female Sprague-Dawley rats by suturing uterine horn implants onto the small intestine mesentery...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105867/structural-destabilization-of-tropomyosin-induced-by-the-cardiomyopathy-linked-mutation-r21h
#9
Thu Ly, Inna Krieger, Dmitri Tolkatchev, Cheyenna Krone, Timothy Moural, Fadel A Samatey, ChulHee Kang, Alla S Kostyukova
The missense mutation R21H in striated muscle tropomyosin is associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a genetic cardiac disease and a leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young people. Tropomyosin adopts conformation of a coiled-coil that is critical for regulation of muscle contraction. In this study, we investigated the effects of the R21H mutation on the coiled-coil structure of tropomyosin and its interactions with its binding partners, tropomodulin and leiomodin. Using circular dichroism and isothermal titration calorimetry, we found that the mutation profoundly destabilized the structural integrity of αTM1a1-28 Zip, a chimeric peptide containing the first 28 residues of tropomyosin...
November 6, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098710/physical-exercise-alters-the-activation-of-downstream-proteins-related-to-bdnf-trkb-signaling-in-male-wistar-rats-with-epilepsy
#10
Alexandre Aparecido de Almeida, Sérgio Gomes da Silva, Glauber Menezes Lopim, Diego Vannucci Campos, Jansen Fernandes, Francisco Romero Cabral, Ricardo Mario Arida
There are a considerable number of studies concerning the behavioral effects of physical exercise on the epileptic brain; however, the intracellular signaling mechanisms involved remain unclear. We investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on hippocampal levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), expression of its receptor tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB), and activation of intracellular proteins related to BDNF-TrkB signaling in male Wistar rats with pilocarpine-induced epilepsy. Thirty days after the first spontaneous seizure, rats from the exercise group undertook a 30-day physical exercise program on the treadmill...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097206/the-reason-for-a-high-ca-2-sensitivity-associated-with-arg91gly-substitution-in-tpm2-gene-is-the-abnormal-behavior-and-high-flexibility-of-tropomyosin-during-the-atpase-cycle
#11
Yurii S Borovikov, Armen O Simonyan, Olga E Karpicheva, Stanislava V Avrova, Nikita A Rysev, Vladimir V Sirenko, Adam Piers, Charles S Redwood
Substitution of Arg for Gly residue in 91th position in β-tropomyosin caused by a point mutation in TPM2 gene is associated with distal arthrogryposis, characterized by a high Ca(2+)-sensitivity of myofilament and contracture syndrome. To understand the mechanisms of this defect, we studied multistep changes in mobility and spatial arrangement of tropomyosin, actin and myosin heads during the ATPase cycle in reconstituted ghost fibres, using the polarized fluorescence microscopy. The mutation was shown to markedly decrease the bending stiffness of β-tropomyosin in the thin filaments...
October 31, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090669/mir-132-down-regulates-methyl-cpg-binding-protein-2-mecp2-during-cognitive-dysfunction-following-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#12
Zhao-Hui Yao, Xiao-Li Yao, Yong Zhang, Shao-Feng Zhang, Jichang Hu
BACKGROUND: Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion (CCH) is an important vascular risk factor for vascular-related dementia cognitive impairment and there are no effective measures for the prevention and treatment of cognitive deficit by CCH and the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Methyl cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) binding protein 2 (MeCP2), regulated by microRNA 132 (miR-132), is as a transcriptional repressor in high concentrations in the brain, regulates the expression of synaptic proteins and neuroplasticity, and may be involved in the cognitive deficit after CCH...
November 1, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089854/the-effect-of-high-pressure-and-subzero-temperature-on-gelation-of-washed-cod-and-salmon-meat
#13
Edyta Malinowska-Pańczyk, Ilona Kołodziejska
The objective of the present work is to examine the influence of pressure up to 193 MPa at subzero temperature (without freezing of water) on myofibrillar proteins of salmon and cod meat and on the properties of gels obtained from washed mince of these fish. The solubility of proteins from myofibrils of cod and salmon meat suspended in 100 mM KCl solution increased after treating the samples with pressure above 60 MPa. The results of SDS- -PAGE analysis showed that under these conditions two myosin light chains, tropomyosin and troponin T were released from myofibrils...
September 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080743/temperature-sensitive-point-mutations-in-fission-yeast-tropomyosin-have-long-range-effects-on-the-stability-and-function-of-the-actin-tropomyosin-copolymer
#14
Chloe A Johnson, Holly R Brooker, Irene Gyamfi, Jennifer O'Brien, Brogan Ashley, Jodie E Brazier, Annette Dean, James Embling, Elisabeth Grimsey, Alice C Tomlinson, Elliot G Wilson, Michael A Geeves, Daniel P Mulvihill
The actin cytoskeleton is modulated by regulatory actin-binding proteins which fine-tune the dynamic properties of the actin polymer to regulate function. One such actin-binding protein is tropomyosin (Tpm), a highly-conserved alpha-helical dimer which stabilises actin and regulates interactions with other proteins. Temperature sensitive mutants of Tpm are invaluable tools in the study of actin filament dependent processes, critical to the viability of a cell. Here we investigated the molecular basis of the temperature sensitivity of fission yeast Tpm mutants which fail to undergo cytokinesis at the restrictive temperatures...
November 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080083/evaluation-of-metformin-effects-in-the-chronic-phase-of-spontaneous-seizures-in-pilocarpine-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#15
Soraya Mehrabi, Nima Sanadgol, Mahmood Barati, Ali Shahbazi, Gelareh Vahabzadeh, Mitra Barzroudi, Morteza Seifi, Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi, Fereshteh Golab
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common form of drug-resistant epilepsy that sometimes responds to dietary manipulation such as the 'ketogenic diet'. Here we have investigated the effects of metformin in the rat pilocaroin model of TLE. Male rats were treated with intra peritoneal injection of pilocarpine hydrochloride, in dose of 360 mg/kg to induce status epilepticus (SE). At 45 day after induction of SE, metformin was injected intraperitoneally in dose of 250 mg/kg/day for 5 days. We show that metformin potently reduces the progression of seizures and blocks seizure-induced over-expression of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, Tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB)...
October 27, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072879/cockroach-is-a-major-cross-reactive-allergen-source-in-shrimp-sensitized-rural-children-in-southern-china
#16
Zhaowei Yang, Jiefeng Zhao, Nili Wei, Mulin Feng, Mo Xian, Xu Shi, Zhenyu Zheng, Qiujuan Su, Gary W K Wong, Jing Li
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of food allergy (FA) in China. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of FA and its disparity between urban and rural areas in southern China. METHODS: Europrevall questionnaire responses were obtained from 5,542 school-age-children in urban Guangzhou and 5,319 in rural Shaoguan. A case-control study enrolled 190 children with adverse reactions (ARs) after food intake as cases, and 212 controls in Guangzhou; 116 cases and 233 controls in Shaoguan...
October 26, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064407/flavonoid-naringenin-attenuates-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-improves-neurotrophic-effects-in-the-diabetic-rat-retina
#17
Dalia I Al-Dosari, Mohammed M Ahmed, Salim S Al-Rejaie, Abdullah S Alhomida, Mohammad S Ola
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of decreased vision and blindness worldwide. Diabetes-induced oxidative stress is believed to be the key factor that initiates neuronal damage in the diabetic retina leading to DR. Experimental approaches to utilize dietary flavonoids, which possess both antidiabetic and antioxidant activities, might protect the retinal damage in diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effects of naringenin in the retina of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
October 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042651/biochemistry-and-adaptive-colouration-of-an-exceptionally-preserved-juvenile-fossil-sea-turtle
#18
Johan Lindgren, Takeo Kuriyama, Henrik Madsen, Peter Sjövall, Wenxia Zheng, Per Uvdal, Anders Engdahl, Alison E Moyer, Johan A Gren, Naoki Kamezaki, Shintaro Ueno, Mary H Schweitzer
The holotype (MHM-K2) of the Eocene cheloniine Tasbacka danica is arguably one of the best preserved juvenile fossil sea turtles on record. Notwithstanding compactional flattening, the specimen is virtually intact, comprising a fully articulated skeleton exposed in dorsal view. MHM-K2 also preserves, with great fidelity, soft tissue traces visible as a sharply delineated carbon film around the bones and marginal scutes along the edge of the carapace. Here we show that the extraordinary preservation of the type of T...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038898/molecular-and-immunological-characterisation-of-tropomyosin-from-anisakis-pegreffii
#19
Abdouslam Asnoussi, Ibukun E Aibinu, Robin B Gasser, Andreas L Lopata, Peter M Smooker
Tropomyosin (TM) is a major allergen in shellfish, known to cross-react with mite, cockroach and/or some roundworm (nematode) TM. In this study, we aimed to express and purify TM from the parasitic nematode Anisakis pegreffii and also to characterise its cross-reactivity with TM from shellfish. A. pegreffii was isolated from the flathead tiger fish (Neoplatycephalus richardsoni) and characterised using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP)-based sequencing of the first and second internal transcribed spacers (ITS-1 and ITS-2) of nuclear ribosomal DNA...
October 16, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024827/left-ventricular-non-compaction-with-ebstein-anomaly-attributed-to-a-tpm1-mutation
#20
Aleksandra Nijak, Maaike Alaerts, Cuno Kuiperi, Anniek Corveleyn, Bert Suys, Bernard Paelinck, Johan Saenen, Emeline Van Craenenbroeck, Lut Van Laer, Bart Loeys, Aline Verstraeten
Left ventricular non-compaction (cardiomyopathy) (LVN(C)) is a rare hereditary cardiac condition, resulting from abnormal embryonic myocardial development. While it mostly occurs as an isolated condition, association with other cardiovascular manifestations such as Ebstein anomaly (EA) has been reported. This congenital heart defect is characterized by downward displacement of the tricuspid valve and leads to diminished ventricular size and function. In an autosomal dominant LVN(C) family consisting of five affected individuals, of which two also presented with EA and three with mitral valve insufficiency, we pursued the genetic disease cause using whole exome sequencing (WES)...
October 9, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
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