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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#1
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110510/access-equity-and-costs-of-induced-abortion-services-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mridula Shankar, Kirsten I Black, Philip Goldstone, Safeera Hussainy, Danielle Mazza, Kerry Petersen, Jayne Lucke, Angela Taft
OBJECTIVES: To examine access and equity to induced abortion services in Australia, including factors associated with presenting beyond nine weeks gestation. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 2,326 women aged 16+ years attending for an abortion at 14 Dr Marie clinics. Associations with later presentation assessed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Over a third of eligible women opted for a medical abortion. More than one in 10 (11...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110240/lead-exposure-is-related-to-hypercortisolemic-profiles-and-allostatic-load-in-brazilian-older-adults
#3
Juliana N Souza-Talarico, Deborah Suchecki, Robert-Paul Juster, Pierrich Plusquellec, Fernando Barbosa Junior, Vinícius Bunscheit, Tania Marcourakis, Tatiane Martins de Matos, Sonia J Lupien
Lead levels (Pb) have been linked to both hyper- and hypo-reactivity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) axis to acute stress in animals and humans. Similarly, allostatic load (AL), the 'wear and tear' of chronic stress, is associated with inadequate HPA axis activity. We examined whether Pb levels would be associated with altered diurnal cortisol profile, as a primary mediator of AL, during aging. Pb levels were measured from blood samples (BPb) of 126 Brazilian individuals (105 women), between 50 and 82 years old...
January 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110238/pre-pregnancy-weight-change-and-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-finding-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Akilew Awoke Adane, Leigh R Tooth, Gita D Mishra
AIMS: In a population-based cohort study we examined the associations between early adult pre-pregnancy weight change and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The study included 3111 women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. These women have been surveyed regularly since 1996. Women without diabetes and GDM were followed-up between 2003 and 2012. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the effect of baseline (1996, mean age 20years) and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the pre-pregnancy weight changes on the incidence of GDM...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110159/manganese-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#5
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: One epidemiological study in Canada has addressed the association between zinc intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy while another epidemiological study in Korea has examined the association between iron intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The present cross-sectional study in Japan examined the association between intake of zinc, magnesium, iron, copper, and manganese and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: Study subjects were 1745 pregnant women...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109736/social-disparities-in-the-relationship-between-depression-and-unintended-pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#6
Kelli Stidham Hall, Jennifer L Richards, Kathleen Mullan Harris
PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of depression on subsequent risk of unintended pregnancy and social disparities within this relationship, during adolescence and young adulthood. METHODS: Drawing upon 15-year, nationally representative data from 8,810 young U.S. women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we estimated associations between depression and time to first pregnancies reported as unintended, overall and stratified by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and age with Cox proportional hazard models...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109710/univariate-predictors-of-maternal-concentrations-of-environmental-chemicals-the-mirec-study
#7
Antoine Lewin, Tye E Arbuckle, Mandy Fisher, Chun Lei Liang, Leonora Marro, Karelyn Davis, Nadia Abdelouahab, William D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus and pregnant woman can be exposed to a variety of environmental chemicals that may adversely affect their health. Moreover, environmental exposure and risk disparities are associated with different social determinants, including socioeconomic status (SES) and demographic indicators. Our aim was to investigate whether and how maternal concentrations of a large panel of persistent and non-persistent environmental chemicals vary according to sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in a large pregnancy and birth cohort...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109688/development-of-a-healthy-aging-score-in-the-population-based-rotterdam-study-evaluating-age-and-sex-differences
#8
Loes Jaspers, Josje D Schoufour, Nicole S Erler, Sirwan K L Darweesh, Marileen L P Portegies, Sanaz Sedaghat, Lies Lahousse, Guy G Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Henning Tiemeier, M Arfan Ikram, Joop S E Laven, Oscar H Franco, Maryam Kavousi
OBJECTIVES: To develop a healthy aging score (HAS), to assess age and sex differences in HAS, and to evaluate the association of the HAS with survival. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort. SETTING: Inhabitants of Ommoord, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1405 men and 2122 women, mean (standard deviation) age 75.9 (6.4) years. MAIN MEASURES: We included 7 domains in the total score of HAS: chronic diseases, mental health, cognitive function, physical function, pain, social support, and quality of life; each scored 0, 1, or 2 in each domain...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109459/intensity-of-binge-drinking-a-decade-after-the-september-11th-terror-attacks-among-exposed-individuals
#9
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Jonathan M McAteer, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center resulted in elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use among exposed individuals. The relationship among traumatic exposure, PTSD, and excessive drinking is well documented; however, little is known about these relationships in the long term. This study examines factors increasing binge drinking risk among exposed individuals a decade post-9/11. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were analyzed from 28,592 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees aged ≥18 years who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109314/sickle-cell-disease-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-study-of-the-community-based-hospital-in-a-tribal-block-of-gujarat-india
#10
Gayatri Desai, Ankit Anand, Pankaj Shah, Shobha Shah, Kapilkumar Dave, Hardik Bhatt, Shrey Desai, Dhiren Modi
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hereditary blood disorder prevalent in tribal regions of India. SCD can increase complications during pregnancy and in turn negatively influence pregnancy outcomes. This study reports the analysis of tribal maternal admissions in the community-based hospital of SEWA Rural (Kasturba Maternity Hospital) in Jhagadia block, Gujarat. The objective of the study is to compare the pregnancy outcomes among SCD, sickle cell trait and non-SCD admissions...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109311/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#11
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
January 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109290/characterizing-breast-conditions-at-an-open-access-breast-clinic-in-south-africa-a-model-that-is-more-than-cancer-care-for-a-resource-limited-setting
#12
Sarah Rayne, Naomi Lince-Deroche, Cheryl Hendrickson, Kate Shearer, Faith Moyo, Pam Michelow, Grace Rubin, Carol Benn, Cynthia Firnhaber
BACKGROUND: While most breast-related research focuses on cancer, presentation of symptomatic persons in non-screened environments requires understanding the spectrum of breast diseases so as to plan services in resource-constrained settings. This study presents the variety of breast disease managed at a government, open-access breast clinic in South Africa. METHODS: We performed a retrospective file review using a systematic random sample of patients 18 years and above presenting for breast care over a 14-month period...
January 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109194/family-health-strategy-and-equity-in-prenatal-care-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-minas-gerais-brazil
#13
Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Michelle Nepomuceno Souza, Júlia Almeida Calazans, Lucas Resende de Carvalho, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Núbia Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utilization. In Brazil, prenatal care is supplied for the entire population at the community level as part of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), which is the main source of primary care provided by the public health system. Brazil has some of the greatest income inequalities in the world, and little research has been conducted to investigate prenatal care utilization of FHS across socioeconomic groups...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108699/an-evaluation-study-of-the-becton-dickinson-probetec-qx-bdqx-trichomonas-vaginalis-trichomoniasis-molecular-diagnostic-test-in-two-large-urban-std-services
#14
Craig Tipple, Michael Rayment, Sundhiya Mandalia, Lisa Walton, Sinead O'Neill, John Murray, Alan O'Riordan, Monica Rebec, Laura Harrington, Rachael Jones, Dawn Wilkinson
OBJECTIVES: The BASHH guidelines recommend molecular tests to aid diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection; however many clinics continue to use relatively insensitive techniques (pH, wet-prep microscopy (WPM) and culture). Our objectives were to establish a laboratory pathway for TV testing with the Becton-Dickinson Qx (BDQx) molecular assay, to determine TV prevalence and to identify variables associated with TV detection. METHODS: A prospective study of 901 women attending two urban sexual health services for STI testing was conducted...
January 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108530/use-of-performance-metrics-for-the-measurement-of-universal-coverage-for-maternal-care-in-mexico
#15
Edson Serván-Mori, David Contreras-Loya, Octavio Gomez-Dantés, Gustavo Nigenda, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Rafael Lozano
This study provides evidence for those working in the maternal health metrics and health system performance fields, as well as those interested in achieving universal and effective health care coverage. Based on the perspective of continuity of health care and applying quasi-experimental methods to analyse the cross-sectional 2009 National Demographic Dynamics Survey (n = 14 414 women), we estimated the middle-term effects of Mexico's new public health insurance scheme, Seguro Popular de Salud (SPS) (vs women without health insurance) on seven indicators related to maternal health care (according to official guidelines): (a) access to skilled antenatal care (ANC); (b) timely ANC; (c) frequent ANC; (d) adequate content of ANC; (e) institutional delivery; (f) postnatal consultation and (g) access to standardized comprehensive antenatal and postnatal care (or the intersection of the seven process indicators)...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108231/interconception-challenges-of-women-who-had-prior-preterm-births
#16
Doris M Boutain, Shuyuann Wang Foreman, Jane Hitti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the interconception challenges of women who had prior preterm births. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and collected data via survey. SETTING: King County, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two women who had prior early preterm births (20-33 weeks gestation) were included. METHODS: Women were recruited from a larger study focused on exploring the infectious pathways for early preterm birth...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108205/modifying-the-phenotypic-frailty-model-in-predicting-risk-of-major-osteoporotic-fracture-in-the-elderly
#17
Guowei Li, Alexandra Papaioannou, Lehana Thabane, Mitchell A H Levine, George Ioannidis, Andy K O Wong, Arthur Lau, Jonathan D Adachi
INTRODUCTION: The phenotypic frailty (PF) model (including slow walking, low physical activity, exhaustion, weakness, and unintentional weight loss) has been widely used to quantify the degree of frailty and predict risks of adverse health outcomes for the elderly. However, evidence has shown that not all the components included in the PF model contribute equally, and low predictive accuracy of the PF model has been reported in predicting risks of outcomes. We aimed to improve predictive accuracy of the PF model in risk of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) in the elderly by modifying its weighting of individual components...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108204/the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-cognitive-function-and-cognitive-decline-in-american-older-women
#18
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Edith J M Feskens, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Francine Grodstein
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between long-term adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet with cognitive function and decline in older American women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Nurses' Health Study, a cohort of registered nurses residing in 11 US states. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16,144 women from the Nurses' Health Study, aged ≥70 years, who underwent cognitive testing a total of 4 times by telephone from 1995 to 2001 (baseline), with multiple dietary assessments between 1984 and the first cognitive examination...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108194/psychiatric-risk-in-unstably-housed-sexual-minority-women-relationship-between-sexual-and-racial-minority-status-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-psychiatric-diagnoses
#19
Annesa Flentje, Martha Shumway, Lauren H Wong, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Stress associated with minority statuses has been linked to mental health disorders. However, research conducted exclusively among impoverished women, a population known to be at risk for poor health owing to overlapping risks, is sparse. We sought to determine if homeless and unstably housed sexual minority (i.e., nonheterosexual) women were at greater psychiatric risk than their heterosexual counterparts. We also sought to determine if racial/ethnic minority and human immunodeficiency virus status contributed to psychiatric risks...
January 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108189/the-longitudinal-impact-of-an-internet-safety-decision-aid-for-abused-women
#20
Nancy E Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Ginger C Hanson, Tina L Bloom, Jill T Messing, Amber S Clough, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Andrea C Gielen, James Case, Karen B Eden
INTRODUCTION: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) navigate complex, dangerous decisions. Tailored safety information and safety planning, typically provided by domestic violence service providers, can prevent repeat IPV exposure and associated adverse health outcomes; however, few abused women access these services. The Internet represents a potentially innovative way to connect abused women with tailored safety planning resources and information. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and mental health outcomes at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months among abused women randomized to: (1) a tailored, Internet-based safety decision aid; or (2) control website (typical safety information available online)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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