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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945016/cultural-hair-practices-physical-activity-and-obesity-among-urban-african-american-girls
#1
Felesia Bowen, Patricia O'Brien-Richardson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hair holds cultural meaning and value for women of African descent. The values placed on hair type and hair style date back to preslavery days. There is a small body of literature that addresses the relationship between cultural hair practices and physical inactivity among black women. Understanding this is important because inactivity during childhood and adolescent years contributes to increased weight-related morbidity and mortality during adult years. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between cultural hair practices, physical activity, and obesity among urban African-American adolescent girls...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944991/a-qualitative-study-exploring-midwives-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-maternal-obesity-reflecting-on-their-experiences-of-providing-healthy-eating-and-weight-management-advice-to-pregnant-women
#2
Mary T McCann, Lisa Newson, Catriona Burden, Jane S Rooney, Margaret S Charnley, Julie C Abayomi
Midwives are responsible for providing advice regarding the complex issues of healthy eating and weight management during pregnancy. This study utilised an inductive data-driven thematic approach in order to determine midwives' perceptions, knowledge, and experiences of providing healthy eating and weight management advice to pregnant women. Semistructured interviews with 17 midwives were transcribed verbatim and data subjected to thematic analysis. The findings offer insight into the challenges facing midwives in their role trying to promote healthy eating and appropriate weight management to pregnant women...
September 25, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944716/breast-cancer-screening-among-women-in-namibia-explaining-the-effect-of-health-insurance-coverage-and-access-to-information-on-screening-behaviours
#3
Joseph Kangmennaang, Paul Mkandawire, Isaac Luginaah
OBJECTIVES: Breast cancer contributes substantially to morbidity and mortality in Namibia as is the case in most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, there is a dearth of nationally representative studies that examine the odds of screening for breast cancer in Namibia and SSA at large. This paper aims to fill this gap by examining the determinants of breast cancer screening guided by the Health Belief Model. METHODS: We applied hierarchical binary logit regression models to explore the determinants of breast cancer screening using the 2013 Namibia Demography and Health Survey (NDHS)...
September 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944709/the-cardiometabolic-effect-of-current-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-strategies-of-prevention-and-treatment
#4
Dinka Pavicic Baldani, Lana Skrgatic, Roya Ougouag, Miro Kasum
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder amongst women of reproductive age, which is characterized by reproductive and cardiometabolic disturbances with long-term health repercussions. Insulin resistance (IR), impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), obesity and dyslipidemia occur more in women with PCOS than in age-comparable women without PCOS. Long term data regarding risks or benefits of medical intervention for metabolic dysfunction of PCOS are lacking. Therapies, such as oral contraceptives (OCPs) and anti-androgenic medications used to manage the reproductive manifestations of PCOS, may themselves be the cause of cardiometabolic perturbations...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944609/hypertension-management-research-priorities-from-patients-caregivers-and-healthcare-providers-a-report-from-the-hypertension-canada-priority-setting-partnership-group
#5
Nadia Khan, Simon L Bacon, Samia Khan, Sara Perlmutter, Carline Gerlinsky, Mark Dermer, Lonni Johnson, Finderson Alves, Donna McLean, Andreas Laupacis, Mandy Pui, Angelique Berg, Felicia Flowitt
Patient- and stakeholder-oriented research is vital to improving the relevance of research. The authors aimed to identify the 10 most important research priorities of patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers (family physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, and dietitians) for hypertension management. Using the James Lind Alliance approach, a national web-based survey asked patients, caregivers, and care providers to submit their unanswered questions on hypertension management. Questions already answered from randomized controlled trial evidence were removed...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944553/outcomes-for-bipolar-patients-assessed-in-the-french-expert-center-network-a-2-year-follow-up-observational-study-fondamental-advanced-centers-of-expertise-for-bipolar-disorder-face-bd
#6
Chantal Henry, Ophelia Godin, Philippe Courtet, Jean-Michel Azorin, Sébastien Gard, Frank Bellivier, Mircea Polosan, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Paul Roux, Valerie Aubin, Dominique Costagliola, Marion Leboyer, Bruno Etain
OBJECTIVE: A new health care system for patients with bipolar disorders was established in France under the auspices of Fondation FondaMental, based on thorough clinical assessment of patients and on close collaborations between expert centers and referring practitioners. We report the results of outcomes after 2 years of observational follow-up of adult patients assessed within the network. METHOD: A total of 984 patients were included in the study. We compared several parameters (e...
September 12, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944467/olfactory-dysfunction-predicts-subsequent-dementia-in-older-u-s-adults
#7
Dara R Adams, David W Kern, Kristen E Wroblewski, Martha K McClintock, William Dale, Jayant M Pinto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between olfactory dysfunction and subsequent diagnosis of dementia. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of a population representative of U.S. older adults. SETTING: Home interviews (National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project). PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 57 to 85 (N = 2,906). MEASUREMENTS: Objective odor identification ability was measured at baseline using a validated five-item test...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944459/the-changing-demographic-profile-of-dentists-and-dental-specialists-in-south-africa-2002-2015
#8
Ahmed Bhayat, Usuf Chikte
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to have regular audits of the number of oral health personnel so that planning, delivery of services and training can be addressed. There has not been such an audit in South Africa (SA) for more than 10 years. AIM: To determine the demographic profile of dentists and dental specialists (DS) between 2002 and 2015. METHODS: A retrospective record-based study was used and all dentists and DS registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) from 2002 till 2015 were included...
September 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944313/effect-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-perinatal-and-child-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Timor Faber, Arun Kumar, Johan P Mackenbach, Christopher Millett, Sanjay Basu, Aziz Sheikh, Jasper V Been
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking and smoke exposure during pregnancy and childhood cause considerable childhood morbidity and mortality. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether implementation of WHO's recommended tobacco control policies (MPOWER) was of benefit to perinatal and child health. METHODS: We searched 19 electronic databases, hand-searched references and citations, and consulted experts to identify studies assessing the association between implementation of MPOWER policies and child health...
September 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944291/acceptability-of-chairside-screening-for-racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#10
A P Greenblatt, I Estrada, E W Schrimshaw, S S Metcalf, C Kunzel, M E Northridge
An aging and more racially and ethnically diverse population, coupled with changes in the health care policy environment, is demanding that the dental profession both redirect and expand its focus. Challenges include providing comprehensive care for patients with complicated medical needs while improving access to care for underserved groups. The purpose of this study is to examine the acceptability of screening for hypertension and diabetes in the dental setting for African American, Puerto Rican, and Dominican older adults who attend senior centers in northern Manhattan, New York City...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944234/the-nextgen-study-patient-motivation-for-participation-in-genome-sequencing-for-carrier-status
#11
Tia L Kauffman, Stephanie A Irving, Michael C Leo, Marian J Gilmore, Patricia Himes, Carmit K McMullen, Elissa Morris, Jennifer Schneider, Benjamin S Wilfond, Katrina A B Goddard
BACKGROUND: While translational genomic sequencing research is increasing, few studies have been limited to healthy individuals; most have focused on patients with a disease or a strong family history of a disorder. The limited studies that have included healthy individuals have focused on the disclosure of medically actionable secondary results, rather than carrier status, to assess reproductive risks. To address this important gap, we conducted the NextGen study, which focuses on carrier status and medically actionable secondary findings in a population of women planning a pregnancy...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944165/sleep-trajectories-before-and-after-the-final-menstrual-period-in-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#12
Howard M Kravitz, Imke Janssen, Joyce T Bromberger, Karen A Matthews, Martica H Hall, Kristine Ruppert, Hadine Joffe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Longitudinal studies show that the menopausal transition (MT) is associated with poorer self-reported sleep. Increases in sleep disturbances across and beyond the MT are strongly associated with vasomotor symptoms (VMS) but occur even without VMS. We analyzed data from baseline through 13 annual or biennial follow-up assessments from SWAN's multi-racial/ethnic cohort of midlife women, specifically focusing on patterns of sleep problems in the years preceding and following the final menstrual period (FMP)...
September 2017: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944055/understanding-the-links-between-resilience-and-type-2-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study-in-south-australia
#13
A L Wilson, D McNaughton, S B Meyer, P R Ward
BACKGROUND: Research conducted by Ward, Muller, Tsourtos, et al. (Soc Sci Med 72(7):1140-1148, 2011) has led to the development of the psycho-social interactive model of resilience, which reveals the interaction between individual resilience factors (i.e. coping, confidence and self esteem) and external resilience environments (i.e. employment, supportive family environments and health promoting policies) in facilitating the development of resilience. This present study explored the utility of this model of resilience for understanding how people self-manage type-2 diabetes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943990/motivators-and-barriers-of-tamoxifen-use-as-risk-reducing-medication-amongst-women-at-increased-breast-cancer-risk-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
B Meiser, W K T Wong, M Peate, C Julian-Reynier, J Kirk, G Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Selective estrogen receptor modulators, such as tamoxifen, reduce breast cancer risk by up to 50% in women at increased risk for breast cancer. Despite tamoxifen's well-established efficacy, many studies show that most women are not taking up tamoxifen. This systematic literature review aimed to identify the motivators and barriers to tamoxifen use 's amongst high-risk women. METHODS: Using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase plus reviewing reference lists of relevant articles published between 1995 and 2016, 31 studies (published in 35 articles) were identified, which addressed high-risk women's decisions about risk-reducing medication to prevent breast cancer and were peer-reviewed primary clinical studies...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943894/prevalence-and-severity-of-syndrome-z-in-women-with-metabolic-syndrome-on-waiting-list-for-bariatric-surgery-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Eduardo Araujo Perez, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Wilson Rodrigues Freitas, Carlos Alberto Malheiros, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Anderson Soares Silva, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Patricia Clemente Oliveira, Felipe X Cepeda, Luciana M M Sampaio, Ivani C Trombetta, Humberto Delle, Daniel Gianella Neto, Sergio Roberto Nacif, Roberto Stirbulov
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity has become one of the most important public health problems in the world, with a growing prevalence in both developed and developing countries. Recent studies show that sleep disturbances, especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Although the association of OSA with the MetS is largely attributed to obesity, the exact pathophysiological mechanisms and their individual characteristics still need to be identified...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943861/a-practical-and-time-efficient-high-intensity-interval-training-program-modifies-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-adults-with-risk-factors-for-type-ii-diabetes
#16
Bethan E Phillips, Benjamin M Kelly, Mats Lilja, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, Robert J Brogan, David L Morris, Thomas Gustafsson, William E Kraus, Philip J Atherton, Niels B J Vollaard, Olav Rooyackers, James A Timmons
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but adherence to time-orientated (150 min week(-1) or more) PA guidelines is very poor. A practical and time-efficient PA regime that was equally efficacious at controlling risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease is one solution to this problem. Herein, we evaluate a new time-efficient and genuinely practical high-intensity interval training (HIT) protocol in men and women with pre-existing risk factors for type 2 diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943815/bisexuality-minority-stress-and-health
#17
Brian A Feinstein, Christina Dyar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bisexual individuals are at increased risk for negative health outcomes compared to heterosexual individuals and often compared to gay/lesbian individuals as well. The goal of this article is to summarize the current evidence-base on bisexual health disparities, to describe factors that influence them, and to review interventions designed to improve the health of bisexual individuals. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on our review of the literature, we conclude that there is strong evidence that bisexual individuals are at increased risk for mental health and substance use problems...
March 2017: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943479/clinical-characteristics-and-patterns-of-health-deficits-of-centenarians-receiving-home-care-and-long-term-care-services
#18
Shannon Freeman, Joshua J Armstrong, Suzanne L Tyas, Eva Neufeld
Centenarians (persons aged 100years and older) are one of the fastest growing cohorts in countries across the world. With the increasing prevalence of centenarians and growing amount of clinical information in large administrative health databases, it is now possible to more fully characterize the health of this unique and heterogeneous population. This study described patterns of health deficits in the centenarian population receiving care from community-based home care services and long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in Ontario, Canada...
September 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943478/sexual-dimorphism-of-metabolic-and-vascular-dysfunction-in-aged-mice-and-those-lacking-the-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-3
#19
Amanda T Cao, Martina Mackova, Daniel Kerage, David N Brindley, Denise G Hemmings
Elderly people often suffer adverse health because of inflammation associated with poor metabolism and cardiovascular dysfunction, but these conditions present differently in men and women. We performed experiments in aged male and female mice to understand this sexual dimorphism. We focused on sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) signaling, which has both protective and detrimental effects on vascular and metabolic function. We examined vascular function of mesenteric (resistance) arteries from aged male and female wild-type (WT) mice compared to littermate S1P receptor 3 (S1PR3) knockouts (KO)...
September 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943360/advance-care-planning-documentation-practices-and-accessibility-in-the-electronic-health-record-implications-for-patient-safety
#20
Evan Walker, Ryan McMahan, Deborah Barnes, Mary Katen, Daniela Lamas, Rebecca Sudore
CONTEXT: Documenting patients' advance care planning wishes is essential to providing value-aligned care, as is having this documentation readily accessible. Little is known about advance care planning documentation practices in the electronic health record. OBJECTIVES: Describe advance care planning documentation practices and the accessibility of documented discussions in the electronic health record. METHODS: Participants were primary care patients at the San Francisco VA Medical Center, were ≥60 years old, and had ≥2 chronic/serious health conditions...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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