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Women health

Danica Petrovic, Milan Perovic, Biljana Lazovic, Igor Pantic
Relationship between physical activity and mental disorders in late pregnancy is unclear. In this work, we demonstrate that there is a significant association between the time spent on walking and symptoms of depression and anxiety in antenatal period. The cross-sectional study was done on a sample of 200 healthy women in 9th month of physiological pregnancy at Health center Kraljevo, Serbia during 2015. Each participant was given a questionnaire consisting of general questions regarding physical activity, pregnancy, and other parameters...
October 8, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Louisa Gilbert, Tina Jiwatram-Negron, Danil Nikitin, Olga Rychkova, Tara McCrimmon, Irena Ermolaeva, Nadejda Sharonova, Aibek Mukambetov, Timothy Hunt
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and other forms of gender-based violence (GBV) are serious public health threats among women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effects of a two-session IPV and GBV screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment model (WINGS) with HIV counselling and testing for women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan, using a pre/post-design...
October 22, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
S J Lain, C L Roberts, D M Bond, J Smith, J M Morris
OBJECTIVE: This study is an economic evaluation of immediate birth compared with expectant management in women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes near term (PPROMT). DESIGN: A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside the PPROMT randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Obstetric departments in 65 hospitals across 11 countries. POPULATION: Women with a singleton pregnancy with ruptured membranes between 34(+0) and 36(+6) weeks gestation...
October 21, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Anita Kozyrskyj, Nicole Letourneau, Liane Kang, Mahin Salmani
BACKGROUND: Affecting 19% of women, postpartum depression is a major concern to the immediate health of mothers and infants. In the longterm, it has been linked to the development of early-onset asthma at school entry, but only if the depression persists beyond the postnatal period. No studies have tested whether associations with postpartum depressive symptoms and early-onset asthma phenotypes persist into later school age. OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between maternal postpartum depressive symptoms and childhood asthma between the ages of 5-10 by using a nested longitudinal design...
October 22, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Shanna Cheng, Elton Li, Anna S Lok
Despite guidelines recommending hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among the Asian population, not all Asians are screened. We assessed barriers to and factors predicting HBV screening in Michigan. Adults residing in Southeast Michigan self-identifying as Asian were surveyed at Asian grocery stores, restaurants, churches, and community events. 404 persons participated in the survey, 54 % were women, median age was 51 years, 63 % were Chinese, and 93.8 % were born outside the U.S. 181 (44.8 %) had not or could not recall having been screened for HBV...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Mara A Schonberg, Vicky W Li, A Heather Eliassen, Roger B Davis, Andrea Z LaCroix, Ellen P McCarthy, Bernard A Rosner, Rowan T Chlebowski, Susan E Hankinson, Edward R Marcantonio, Long H Ngo
PURPOSE: Accurate risk assessment is necessary for decision-making around breast cancer prevention. We aimed to develop a breast cancer prediction model for postmenopausal women that would take into account their individualized competing risk of non-breast cancer death. METHODS: We included 73,066 women who completed the 2004 Nurses' Health Study (NHS) questionnaire (all ≥57 years) and followed participants until May 2014. We considered 17 breast cancer risk factors (health behaviors, demographics, family history, reproductive factors) and 7 risk factors for non-breast cancer death (comorbidities, functional dependency) and mammography use...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Stephanie Robins, Helena J Barr, Rachel Idelson, Sylvie Lambert, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Many men lack knowledge about male infertility, and this may have consequences for their reproductive and general health. Men may prefer to seek health information online, but these sources of information vary in quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine if online sources of information regarding male infertility are readable, suitable, and of appropriate quality for Internet users in the general population. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design to evaluate online sources resulting from search engine queries...
October 21, 2016: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Elizabeth A Sternke, Kathleen Abrahamson, Matthew J Bair
Clinician empathy is a well-documented component of effective patient/provider communication. Evidence surrounding the association between patient perspectives on clinician empathy and perception of pain management is currently limited, particularly among patients with chronic pain and depression. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' perspectives on the emergent theme of empathy and describe how patients construct their experiences and expectations surrounding empathic interactions. A secondary analysis of focus group data was designed using grounded theory methodology...
October 18, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Lucía Cea Soriano, Alex Asiimwe, Luis A García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prescribing patterns of cyproterone acetate/ethinylestradiol (CPA/EE) in the UK before and after the 2013 prescribing guidance. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study in UK general practice. The study population included women with a first prescription (index date) for CPA/EE in The Health Improvement Network during 2011 (N=2760), 2012 (N=2923) and 2014 (N=2341). We evaluated the proportion of new CPA/EE users with i) a diagnosis of a hyperandrogenic condition, menstrual problem, consultation for contraception management, other acne treatment, in the year before the index date; ii) proportion of new CPA/EE users with concomitant use of another hormonal contraceptive (HC)...
October 18, 2016: Contraception
María Isabel Fernández-Cano, Xavier Espada-Trespalacios, Azahara Reyes-Lacalle, Josep Maria Manresa Domínguez, Lluís Armadans-Gil, Magda Campins-Martí, Gemma Falguera-Puig, Pere Toran Monserrat
INTRODUCTION: The re-emergence of pertussis and the severity of its complications in infants younger than 3 months, were determining factors for starting a vaccination program for pregnant women in the third trimester of gestation in Catalonia in February 2014. This was the first autonomous community to introduce it in Spain. The aim of the study was to estimate the coverage of the program in its first year of implementation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data from the Primary Care Centre computerised medical records of pregnant women attending Sexual and Reproductive Health Care centres of the Metropolitan Nord area of the province of Barcelona, part of the Catalan Institute of Health...
October 18, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Clare Jackson, Victoria Land, Edward J B Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Communication during labour is consequential for women's experience yet analyses of situated labour-ward interaction are rare. This study demonstrates the value of explicating the interactional practices used to initiate 'decisions' during labour. METHODS: Interactions between 26 labouring women, their birth partners and HCPs were transcribed from the British television programme, One Born Every Minute. Conversation analysis was used to examine how decisions were initiated and accomplished in interaction...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Pascal Dessenne, Claire Laquet, Jean-Pierre Daures, Mathilde Gay-Bellile, Yves-Jean Bignon
BACKGROUND: Young women exposed to a high hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) risk are particularly vulnerable. They are ignored by health prevention measures but exposed to a stream of contradictory information (medicine, media, Internet). They may feel concerned about surgical prevention issues at a key moment of their identity construction (self, relationship, sexuality). We designed a special psychoeducational intervention to help these women cope better with these difficulties...
October 21, 2016: Trials
Stina Lou, Camilla P Nielsen, Lone Hvidman, Olav B Petersen, Mette B Risør
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that pregnant women experience increased worry and uncertainty following a high-risk prenatal screening result. While waiting for diagnostic results this worry continues to linger. It has been suggested that high-risk women put the pregnancy mentally 'on hold' during this period, however, not enough is known about how high-risk women and their partners cope while waiting for diagnostic results. The aim of this study was to identify the strategies employed to cope with worry and uncertainty...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Songyot Pilasant, Wantanee Kulpeng, Pitsaphun Werayingyong, Nattha Tritasavit, Inthira Yamabhai, Yot Teerawattananon, Sangay Wangmo, Sripen Tantivess
BACKGROUND: The Maternal and Child Health Voucher Scheme (MCHVS) was introduced in Myanmar to address the high rate of maternal and infant mortalities. It aimed to increase access to maternal and child health (MCH) services by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) and improve the health of pregnant women and their babies. A study to pilot a voucher scheme was implemented in May 2013 in Yedarshey Township. This paper provides a report on a mid-term review of the programme after 7 months of implementation to determine the outcomes of the programme and its impediments...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Charles Agyemang, Karlijn Meeks, Erik Beune, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Juliet Addo, Ama de Graft Aikins, Silver Bahendeka, Ina Danquah, Matthias B Schulze, Joachim Spranger, Tom Burr, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Stephen K Amoah, Cecilia Galbete, Peter Henneman, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Mary Nicolaou, Adebowale Adeyemo, Jan van Straalen, Liam Smeeth, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Rising rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are impending major threats to the health of African populations, but the extent to which they differ between rural and urban settings in Africa and upon migration to Europe is unknown. We assessed the burden of obesity and T2D among Ghanaians living in rural and urban Ghana and Ghanaian migrants living in different European countries. METHODS: A multi-centre cross-sectional study was conducted among Ghanaian adults (n = 5659) aged 25-70 years residing in rural and urban Ghana and three European cities (Amsterdam, London and Berlin)...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medicine
Charlotte Woodhead, Ruth Cunningham, Mark Ashworth, Elizabeth Barley, Robert J Stewart, Max J Henderson
BACKGROUND: Breast and cancer screening uptake has been found to be lower among women with serious mental illness (SMI). This study aims to corroborate these findings in the UK and to identify variation in screening uptake by illness/treatment factors, and primary care consultation frequency. METHODS: Linked population-based primary and secondary care data from the London borough of Lambeth (UK) were used to compare breast and cervical screening receipt among linked eligible SMI patients (n = 625 and n = 1393), to those without SMI known only to primary care (n = 106,554 and n = 25,385) using logistic regression models adjusted first for socio-demographic factors and second, additionally for primary care consultation frequency...
October 21, 2016: BMC Cancer
Tessa Strain, Claire Fitzsimons, Paul Kelly, Nanette Mutrie
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the UK physical activity guidelines were updated to include recommendations for muscle strengthening and balance & coordination (at least two sessions of relevant activities per week). However, monitoring and policy efforts remain focussed on aerobic activity. This study aimed to assess differences by gender and age in the a) prevalence of muscle strengthening and balance & co-ordination guidelines, and b) participation in guideline-specific activities. METHODS: The sample for the muscle strengthening analyses was 10,488 adult (16-64 years) and 3857 older adult (≥65 years) 2012-2014 Scottish Health Survey respondents...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Evangelia Elenis, Gunilla Sydsjö, Alkistis Skalkidou, Claudia Lampic, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies resulting through oocyte donation have been associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes for the mother, such as gestational hypertensive disorders. However, little is known about possible neonatal complications of such pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neonatal health outcomes among singleton pregnancies in a population of relatively young and healthy oocyte recipients in Sweden, taking into account the medical indication leading to treatment...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Samiksha Singh, Pat Doyle, Oona M R Campbell, G V R Rao, G V S Murthy
BACKGROUND: The transport of pregnant women to an appropriate health facility plays a pivotal role in preventing maternal deaths. In India, state-run call-centre based ambulance systems ('108' and '102'), along with district-level Janani Express and local community-based innovations, provide transport services for pregnant women. We studied the role of '108' ambulance services in transporting pregnant women routinely and obstetric emergencies in India. METHODS: This study was an analysis of '108' ambulance call-centre data from six states for the year 2013-14...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Shuaihantian Luo, Yunuo Wang, Ming Zhao, Qianjin Lu
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a severe autoimmune disease that causes multiple-organ dysfunction mainly affecting women in their childbearing years. Type I IFN synthesis is usually triggered by viruses, and its production is tightly regulated and limited in time in health individuals. However, many patients with systemic autoimmune diseases including SLE have signs of aberrant production of type I interferon (IFN) and display an increased expression of IFN-inducible genes. Continuous type I IFNs derived from activated plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) by interferogenic immune complexes (ICs) and migration of these cells to tissues both break immune tolerance and promote an on-going autoimmune reaction in human body...
October 18, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
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