keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Today

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453298/urban-green-spaces-and-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#1
Marion Porcherie, Mathilde Lejeune, Marion Gaudel, Jeanine Pommier, Emmanuelle Faure, Zoé Heritage, Stéphane Rican, Jean Simos, Nicola Luca Cantoreggi, Anne Roué Le Gall, Linda Cambon, Jean-Philippe Regnaux
INTRODUCTION: Green space in the built environment is an important topic on the health agenda today. Studies have shown that access to green spaces is associated with better mental and physical health, yet green spaces can also be detrimental to health if they are not managed appropriately. Despite the increasing interest in urban green spaces, little research has so far been conducted into the links between green spaces and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review is therefore to map the literature available on the types of relationship between urban green spaces and cancer...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452849/bacterial-communities-in-mining-soils-and-surrounding-areas-under-regeneration-process-in-a-former-ore-mine
#2
Camila Cesário Fernandes, Luciano Takeshi Kishi, Erica Mendes Lopes, Wellington Pine Omori, Jackson Antonio Marcondes de Souza, Lucia Maria Carareto Alves, Eliana Gertrudes de Macedo Lemos
Human activities on the Earth's surface change the landscape of natural ecosystems. Mining practices are one of the most severe human activities, drastically altering the chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil environment. Bacterial communities in soil play an important role in the maintenance of ecological relationships. This work shows bacterial diversity, metabolic repertoire and physiological behavior in five ecosystems samples with different levels of impact. These ecosystems belong to a historical area in Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, Brazil, which suffered mining activities until its total depletion without recovery since today...
February 13, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452453/-personalized-ophthalmology-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-for-in-vitro-modelling-of-retinal-degenerative-diseases
#3
Caroline Brandl, Bernhard H F Weber
Today, the search for therapeutic options to treat retinal degeneration often relies on an in-depth understanding of the underlying pathological events. Alternatively, it is conceivable to search, in an undirected screening approach, for chemical compounds affecting disease outcome. For both approaches, there is an urgent need for in vitro and, ideally, in vivo disease models that adequately reflect the site of pathology. Currently available animal models possess limitations as they often develop only defined aspects of disease...
February 16, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452229/impact-of-critical-partnerships-in-american-surgery-a-model-for-americans
#4
Selwyn M Vickers
I have considered it a great pleasure and tremendous honor to serve as the 129th president of the Southern Surgical Association (SSA). I'd like to share with you the impact of critical partnerships in American surgery, which have gone beyond societal and cultural norms of the times to empower the SSA to be an example and model for America in today's challenging times.
February 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451473/uremia-a-historical-reappraisal-of-what-happened
#5
Rajeev Raghavan, Garabed Eknoyan
Urea was identified as a urinary salt in 1662 and was the first organic bodily product to be synthesized in vitro in 1828. This heralded the end of an era that defined disease as an imbalance between vital life forces, and catalyzed the merging of organic chemical sciences into clinical medicine. The term urée (urea) was introduced in 1803, its accumulation in blood was dubbed urémie (uremia) in 1847, and the procedure for its removal from urine across semi-permeable membranes designated dialysis in 1861...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451462/prior-authorization-do-insurers-pay-bonuses-for-denying-new-drug-requests
#6
Joseph Burns
A MedPage Today blog post suggested that they do. A torrent of online comments followed. Most were somewhere on the spectrum of outraged. For their part, industry veterans said that they're unaware of bonuses for denials but agree that prior authorization processes should be more transparent.
February 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450397/transnasal-endoscopic-orbital-decompression
#7
Răzvan Hainăroșie, Irina Ioniță, Cătălina Pietroșanu, Silviu Pițuru, Mura Hainăroșie, Viorel Zainea
Transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression is a viable alternative for external orbital decompression. Today, it can be performed due to the great development of endoscopic technology and specific endoscopic surgical instruments. It requires strong anatomic knowledge and skilled hands. We present our experience with endoscopic orbital decompression focusing on the surgical technique used in our department. The surgical maneuvers must be firm and gentle protecting the local risk elements and respecting the orbital content...
July 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450377/opinions-regarding-refractive-surgery-today-in-romania
#8
EDITORIAL
Filip Mircea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450205/revision-surgery-after-cartilage-repair-data-from-the-german-cartilage-registry-knorpelregister-dgou
#9
Jan M Pestka, Nam H Luu, Norbert P Südkamp, Peter Angele, Gunther Spahn, Wolfgang Zinser, Philipp Niemeyer
Background: Various operative strategies have been introduced to restore the integrity of articular cartilage when injured. The frequency of revision surgery after cartilage regenerative surgery remains incompletely understood. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to identify the reasons for revision surgery after cartilage regenerative surgery of the knee. We hypothesized that in a large patient cohort, revision rates would differ from those in the current literature...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449794/leveraging-annotation-based-modeling-with-jump
#10
Alexander Bergmayr, Michael Grossniklaus, Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel
The capability of UML profiles to serve as annotation mechanism has been recognized in both research and industry. Today's modeling tools offer profiles specific to platforms, such as Java, as they facilitate model-based engineering approaches. However, considering the large number of possible annotations in Java, manually developing the corresponding profiles would only be achievable by huge development and maintenance efforts. Thus, leveraging annotation-based modeling requires an automated approach capable of generating platform-specific profiles from Java libraries...
2018: Software and Systems Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449659/using-immunotherapy-to-boost-the-abscopal-effect
#11
REVIEW
Wilfred Ngwa, Omoruyi Credit Irabor, Jonathan D Schoenfeld, Jürgen Hesser, Sandra Demaria, Silvia C Formenti
More than 60 years ago, the effect whereby radiotherapy at one site may lead to regression of metastatic cancer at distant sites that are not irradiated was described and called the abscopal effect (from 'ab scopus', that is, away from the target). The abscopal effect has been connected to mechanisms involving the immune system. However, the effect is rare because at the time of treatment, established immune-tolerance mechanisms may hamper the development of sufficiently robust abscopal responses. Today, the growing consensus is that combining radiotherapy with immunotherapy provides an opportunity to boost abscopal response rates, extending the use of radiotherapy to treatment of both local and metastatic disease...
February 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448957/brain-region-specific-enhancement-of-remyelination-and-prevention-of-demyelination-by-the-csf1r-kinase-inhibitor-blz945
#12
Nicolau Beckmann, Elisa Giorgetti, Anna Neuhaus, Stefan Zurbruegg, Nathalie Accart, Paul Smith, Julien Perdoux, Ludovic Perrot, Mark Nash, Sandrine Desrayaud, Peter Wipfli, Wilfried Frieauff, Derya R Shimshek
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). While multiple effective immunomodulatory therapies for MS exist today, they lack the scope of promoting CNS repair, in particular remyelination. Microglia play a pivotal role in regulating myelination processes, and the colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) pathway is a key regulator for microglia differentiation and survival. Here, we investigated the effects of the CSF-1 receptor kinase inhibitor, BLZ945, on central myelination processes in the 5-week murine cuprizone model by non-invasive and longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histology...
February 15, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448488/lee-yang-zeros-and-large-deviation-statistics-of-a-molecular-zipper
#13
Aydin Deger, Kay Brandner, Christian Flindt
The complex zeros of partition functions were originally investigated by Lee and Yang to explain the behavior of condensing gases. Since then, Lee-Yang zeros have become a powerful tool to describe phase transitions in interacting systems. Today, Lee-Yang zeros are no longer just a theoretical concept; they have been determined in recent experiments. In one approach, the Lee-Yang zeros are extracted from the high cumulants of thermodynamic observables at finite size. Here we employ this method to investigate a phase transition in a molecular zipper...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447937/splenectomy-may-have-more-complications-than-currently-proven
#14
Somayeh Zakeri, Narjes Gorji, Marjan Akhtari, Reihaneh Moeini
The spleen has been one of the least understood major organs for centuries. Its significance is relatively well-known today but it seems that all aspects of its activities are not fully understood. Persian medicine (PM) has special views on the function of spleen; many side effects were reported in PM due to spleen dysfunction. On the other hand nowadays splenectomy as a treatment strategy is recommended for some disorders and increasing risk of infections is considered as the most important long term side effect of that...
March 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446805/genomic-plasticity-of-vibrio-cholerae
#15
REVIEW
Jose Antonio Escudero, Didier Mazel
Vibrio cholerae is one of the deadliest pathogens in the history of humankind. It is the causative agent of cholera, a disease characterized by a profuse and watery diarrhoea that still today causes 95.000 deaths worldwide every year. V. cholerae is a free living marine organism that interacts with and infects a variety of organisms, from amoeba to humans, including insects and crustaceans. The complexity of the lifestyle and ecology of V. cholerae suggests a high genetic and phenotypic plasticity. In this review, we will focus on two peculiar genomic features that enhance genetic plasticity in this bacterium: the division of its genome in two different chromosomes and the presence of the superintegron, a gene capture device that acts as a large, low-cost memory of adaptive functions, allowing V...
September 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445774/an-evaluation-of-immunization-services-using-the-reaching-every-district-criteria-in-two-districts-of-gujarat-india
#16
J P Montgomery, P Ganguly, B F Carlson, N Shrivastwa, M L Boulton
Background: Immunizations are considered the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions employed today. While immunization coverage in India has improved dramatically in the last decade, areas of very low coverage persist. The University of Michigan School of Public Health and the Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar collaborated to document strengths and weaknesses of immunization service delivery in two districts in India. Methods: This report describes a qualitative assessment of clinic level immunization service delivery in ten primary health centers (PHCs) located in two districts of Gujarat, India...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445060/clinical-usefulness-of-wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-wcd-and-current-understanding-of-its-clinical-indication-in-japan
#17
Shinichi Niwano, Yukio Sekiguchi, Yosuke Ishii, Yuki Iwasaki, Ritsushi Kato, Hideo Okamura, Masahiko Takagi, Takashi Kurita, Takashi Nitta
Prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) has become an important issue in today's cardiovascular field, together with various developments in secondary prevention of basic cardiac diseases. The importance of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is now widely accepted because it has exhibited significant improvement in patients' prognoses in ischemic and non-ischemic cardiovascular diseases. However, there is an unignorable gap between the ICD indication in the guidelines and real-world high-risk patients for SCD, especially in the acute recovery phase of cardiac injury...
February 14, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444954/invite-your-representative-to-work-change-the-world-here-s-how
#18
Denise J Montell
Today's political climate can seem hostile to science. Alternative facts, climate change denial, and relabeling of actual news as fake news are discouraging phenomena for sure. But these trends make it more important than ever to engage our politicians. Take heart! There is something you can do. You can show your representatives firsthand the amazing things you do, evidence of the economic engine that your activities generate, and the real people behind the discoveries. I did, and it was fun. We invited our congressman to the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), and he accepted! For 2 hours, we explained and demonstrated efforts to cure blindness using stem cells, the medical implications of the discovery that cells can recover from the brink of death, a mosquito lab striving to eliminate insect-borne disease, and an Alzheimer's disease laboratory...
February 15, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444545/bretschneider-and-del-nido-solutions-are-they-safe-for-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-if-so-how-should-we-use-them
#19
REVIEW
Shirin Siddiqi, Eugene H Blackstone, Faisal G Bakaeen
A variety of cardioplegic solutions are being used widely today to arrest the heart during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and other cardiac operations. To minimize interruptions during the surgery for intermittent dosing of the cardioplegia and to facilitate less invasive cardiac procedures, single-shot solutions, including Bretschneider and del Nido solutions, have been introduced. This review examines the evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of Bretschneider and del Nido cardioplegia during CABG...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444385/improving-near-peer-teaching-quality-in-anatomy-by-educating-teaching-assistants-an-example-from-sweden
#20
Ellen Johansson, Tobias E Holmin, Bengt R Johansson, Magnus Braide
Peer-assisted learning has gained momentum in a variety of disciplines, including medical education. In Gothenburg, Sweden, medical students who have finished their compulsory anatomy courses have the option of working as teaching assistants (TAs). Teaching assistants provide small group teaching sessions as a complement to lectures given by faculty. Previously, TAs were left to handle the role as junior teachers by themselves, but since 2011, a continuation course in anatomy has been developed with the aim of providing the TAs better anatomy knowledge and guidance for teaching...
February 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
keyword
keyword
13318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"